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Ysturmant y kler,

A transcript, 1874-1876, by Ioan Pedr of some of the poetry contained in NLW MS 642B.

Ioan Pedr.

Y Piser Hir,

A volume consisting almost entirely of Parts I - II of 'Y Piser Hir' in the hand of Owen Williams, Waunfawr, Caernarvonshire, being transcripts, with copious annotations, made during the period 1859-60, of 'cywyddau', 'awdlau', 'englynion', etc. by Tudur Aled, Gruffydd ab yr Ynad Coch, Guto'r Glyn, Sion Tudur, Edmund Prys, William Llyn, Simwnt Vychan, Gruffydd Hiraethog, Sion Brwynog, Dafydd ab Edmund, Iolo Goch, Gwerfil Mechain, Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleision, Gwilym ab Ieuan hen, Dafydd Nanmor, Owain Gwynedd, Aneurin Wawdrydd, Dafydd Llwyd ysgolaig, Dafydd Llwyd ab Llywelyn ab Gruffydd, Dafydd Meifod, Dafydd ab Meredydd ab Tudur, Dafydd ab Hywel, Dafydd Ddu o Hiraddug, Edward Morys, Edward Maelor, Ellis Rowlands, Gruffydd Llwyd ab Dafydd ab Einion, Gutyn Ceiriog, Gwilym ab Sefnyn, Gruffydd Philip, Hugh Morys, Huw Arwystl, Hywel Dafydd ab Evan ab Rhys, Huw Llwyd Cynfel, Huw Gruffydd ('y Quaker'), Hywel ab Syr Mathew, Huw Cae Llwyd, Huw Roberts ('o Dre Logen'), Ieuan Llwyd Siephrey, Ifan ab Hywel ab Swrdwal, Llawdden Brydydd, Ieuan ab Rhydderch, Lewis Mon, Llywelyn ab Gutyn, Meredydd ab Rhys, Morys Dwyfech (Morys ab Ifan ab Einion), Owain ab Llywelyn ab y Moel, Ffoulk Prys, Owain Deiliwr, Prydydd hael, Richard Philip, Robin y prydydd bach, Robert ab Rhys Wyn, Rowland Vaughan, Rhys Goch Glyn Ceiriog, Robin Ddu Ddewin, Rhys Goch Glyn Dyfrdwy, Robin Cludro, Rhees ab Hary ('gwr boneddig or Dref hir yn Euas'), Rhys ab Hywel ab Dafydd, Sion Philip, Dr Sion Cent, John Prichard, John Davies ('Sion Dafydd las', 'Bardd Meirion'), John Gruffydd (Llanddyfnan), Sion Mawddwy, Syr Dafydd Trefor, Siancyn ab Einion, Sion Roger, Tudur Penllyn, Thomas ab Robert, Thomas Prys (Plas Iolyn), William Philip, Elis Cadwaladr, Huw ab Evan ab Robert, Dafydd ab Gwilym, Sion Risiart, John Davies [? Rhiwlas], Gruffydd Grug, Lewis Daron, Lewis Glyn Cothi, Llywelyn Guto Banwr, Dafydd Epynt, Llywelyn Goch ab Meirig hen ('o Nanau'), Rhys Penardd, Edward ab Rhys, Rhys Nanmor ('pencerdd'), Gruffydd ab Dafydd Vychan, Llywelyn ab Gruffydd ab Ednyfed, Robin Ddu o Fon, Syr Huw Pennant, Dafydd Gorlech, Gruffydd ab Llywelyn Vychan, Ieuan brydydd hir, Ieuan Gruffydd Leiaf, Ieuan Dyfi, Olifer ab Daf'dd Llwyd, Llywelyn ab owain ab Cynwrig Moel, Rhys D'dd Llwyd ab Einon Lygliw, Llywelyn ab Ednyfed leiaf, Dafydd ab Rhys, Rhys Goch Eryri, Meredydd Llwyd, Llywelyn ab Hywel ab Ieuan ab Goronwy, Ll'n ab Einion Ddu, Hwlcyn, Llywelyn ab Hywel, Syr Rhys [o Garno], Owain Dwna, Robin Ddu o Arfon, Gr'dd ab Ieu'n ab Ll'n Vychan, Syr Ieuan, Syr Owain ab Gwilym, Gruffydd ab Goronwy Gethin, Dafydd ab Llywelyn Fychan, etc. The text also includes 'Casbethau Ieuan Brydydd hen' and some Nanmor and Llandrillo pedigrees, and a lacuna in the text of one 'cywydd' is completed in the hand of [John John Roberts] ('Iolo Caernarfon'). Part I is based on 'Llyfr Brith Corsygedol' (Peniarth MS 198) and Part II on a manuscript probably in the hand of John Jones, Gellilyfdy. There are imperfect lists of contents at the beginning of each part. Bound in at the end of the volume, also in the hand of Owen Williams, are 'englynion' ('I'r Iesu', etc.) transcribed in 1853 from a manuscript (1655) of William Salesbury of Bachymbyd; two versions of an address on 'Helynt y Cymry, eu hiaith a'u defodau, etc.' delivered at Eisteddfod Tywyn, Tre Fadog, and prepared for publication in the Carnarvon Herald; and a biography of Richard Jones ('Gwyndaf Eryri'; 1785-1848). The volume is lettered on the spine in gold: 'Owain Gwyrfai MS'.

Y Llyfr Hir o'r Mwythig,

'Y Llyfr hir or Mwythig', being a collection of five hundred and sixty-six cywyddau, etc. by various authors arranged into 'books' according to subject. The poems in each 'book' are numbered separately. The poets cited include Iolo Goch, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Siôn Cent, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Bedo Brwynllys and Siôn Phylip. The volume is dated temp. James II (see p. 382). The text is followed by nine folios of index, arranged under authors' names, by Richard Morris. Following the index are three further poems (by Dafydd ap Gwilym, Siôn Cent and Dafydd ab Edmwnt) in the hand of the Reverend Samuel Williams.
The volume is in the same hand as Llanstephan MSS 47, 48 and the end of 164.

Richard Morris, Reverend Samuel Williams and another.

Y Llyfr Brith o Gonwy,

A transcript, 1750, by 'William Owen o Gonwy yn Sir Gaernarfon ...' of 'cywyddau' and 'englynion' by Lewis Morris, John Roger, Hugh Hughes, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Wiliam Cynwal, Sion Tudur, William Sion, Owen Gruffydd, Michael Prichard, Hwmffre Dafydd ab Ifan, Wiliam ap Huw Llŷn, Huw Morus, Robert Humphreys ('Robin Rhagad'), Sion Rhydderch, Sion Dafydd Lâs, Ellis Rowland, Wiliam Phylip, Dafydd Manuel, John Vaughan (Caergai) and 'Thomas Llwyd Ifangc'.

William Owen.

Wordlists, notes and transcripts,

A composite volume containing lists of Welsh words and their meanings, some in the autograph of John Jones ('Myrddin Fardd'), others from printed sources; notes in the autograph of R. Prys Morris, including references to a number of 'cywyddau', etc. by Edmwnd Prys in BM Add MSS and a few extracts from [Joseph] Besse, A collection of the sufferings of the people called Quakers (London, 1753); part of a letter from the Reverend Evan Evans [? Llansadwrn Rectory, Anglesey] to 'Myrddin Fardd'; and transcripts in the autograph of 'Myrddin Fardd' and others of poetry by Rowland Jones, Richard Hughes, Cefn Llanfair, Cadwaladr Cesail, Thomas Williams ('Twm Pedrog'), Morys Dwyfech, Huw Arwystl, [ ] 'Gutto o Leyn' (d. 1867) (beginning wanting) and [Evan Pritchard] 'Ieuan Lleyn', some printed in J. Jones ['Myrddin Fardd'], Cynfeirdd Lleyn (Pwllheli, 1905).

Welsh Laws, &c.,

A manuscript containing the Welsh Laws, being a transcript of British Museum MS Harleian Titus D. II. Three folios at the beginning and two at the end contain poetry in Welsh and Latin, etc. There are also some items of a corn account.
The general style of the handwriting, which is not all in the same hand, is suggestive of the manuscripts of Dr John Davies, Mallwyd, which were copied partly by him and partly on his behalf.

Welsh grammars,

A manuscript in the hand of Moses Williams containing 'Kelvyddyd kerdd Davod' (ff. 1-5a), being a copy of pp. 10-16 of Llanstephan MS 28, with a note stating that 'This imperfect Tract I transcribed out of a MS. writ by Guttyn Owain A.D. 1455 & communicated to me by D Foulkes of Llanbedr Dyffryn Clwyd.'; and an extract 'Out of Huw Machno's Book' (ff. 5b-12b) outlining the fifteen faults which may be committed when writing Welsh verse, with examples. The text cites a line from Wiliam Cynwal.

Moses Williams.

Vavasor Powell: Poetry,

Transcripts by J. H. Davies from NLW MS 366 of 'englynion', 'The Real Round head', 'The Lamentation of Jeremiah', and an elegy to Daniel Lloyd [of Wrexham], by Vavasor Powell (1617-70), Puritan divine.

Various fragments,

Fragments of manuscripts found with MS 540B, possibly once part of Peniarth MS 326 (see D. Huws, 'A Welsh manuscript of Bede's De natura rerum', Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, XXVII, p. 492). They comprise a leaf from Gerard of Cremona's Latin translation of Aristotle, De Caelo et terra, XIII cent. (f. l); a leaf of the Middle English Dives and Pauper, XV cent. (see NLWJ, xxii, p. 347) (f. 2); a fragment of a petition in Chancery of [ ] of 'Kellilyfday' [Gellilyfdy] concerning a book borrowed in 1643 by Thomas Jones of Kirchynan [Flintshire] and not returned, the petitioner no doubt being John Jones, Gellilyfdy (f. 3); a flyleaf of a book with Latin tags, an englyn and the name Richard Mores, XVII cent. (f. 4); a bon mot of Dr John Wilkins, Bishop of Chester, XVIII cent. (f. 5); a theological treatise entitled Circa generaliores regulas moralis Christianae sententiae aliquot quibus passim se opponit Schola Theologica Louanensis, XVII cent. (ff. 6-11); and an inventory of the goods of Thomas Wilkins, papermaker, of the parish of West Drayton, Middlesex, 1729, including the stock of a paper-mill (f. 12).

Trysor-Gell Barddoniaeth ...,

A volume of poetry and some prose texts in the hand of Lewis Morris ('Llywelyn Ddu o Fôn, 1701-65) entitled 'Trysor-Gell Barddoniaeth Neu Gynhulliad o ddisgleiriaf waith yr Hyglod Feirdd Cymreig yr hwn yn hywir a ellir ei alw Lepor Museus h.y. Melysdra Barddoniaeth ... Gan Lewis Morris, Philomath. o Lanvihangel ymhenrhos yn Môn-ynys. Bl.'r Arg. 1724,' together with the addition 'yn Ieuanc ac yn ddigon diwybodaeth, medd yr un L. M. yn y flwyddyn 1759' which contains 'Tri thlws a'r ddeg o Frenindlysau ynys Brydain ...'; 'Drygioni Medddod'; Welsh poetry, almost entirely 'cywyddau', by Lewis Glyn Cothi, Sr. Davydd Trefor, Gruffydd Hiraethog, Howel ap Reinalld, Davydd ap Gwilym, Simwnt Vychan, Aneuryn Wawdrydd, Sion Tudur, Maer Glas?, Mabclaf ap Llywarch, Mredydd ap Rhys, Tudur Aled, Huw Pennant, Gruffudd D'd ap howel, Rhisiart ap howel Da. Beinion, Huw Arwystl, Morys ap Ifan ap Einion, Dafydd Nanmor, Rhys Goch o Eryri, Bedo Phylip bach, Sion y Kent, Ifan tew Brydydd, Mr Harri ap Hoel alias Harri Hir, William Cynwal, Rhydderch ap Sion ('Poor Poetry. L.M.'), Edward Maelor ('Mae'n debig mae Edward ap rhys maelor ydyw ...'), Iolo Goch, Sr. Huw Jones ('Bicar Llanvair ynyffryn Clwyd'), Morus Dwyfech, Sr. Dafydd Lloyd ysgolhaig; Gutto'r Glyn, Davydd ap Edmwnt, Dafydd Llwyd ap Lle'n ap Gruff., Llywelyn ap Gytyn, Hywel D'd Bevan ap rhys, Wiliam Lyn, Sion Brwynog, Iorwerth fynglwyd, and Taliesyn, with copious marginal variants and annotations by Lewis Morris; 'Taliesyn a ddowaid mae dewisa gwr oedd fal hyn. 1 Gwr a fo athro'n ei dy ...'; 'Dewis Bethau Howel lygad Cwsg'; 'Twrsneiddrwydd Gruffydd ap Adda ap D'd'; 'Sidanen, or a Song In Praise of the Glorious Queen Elizabeth' by Edward ap Rhys Wynne ap William Prys of Clygyrog in Anglesey, Fellow of Wadham Coll., Oxon.; 'Cronigl Cymru a Lloegr' transcribed, with annotations, by Lewis Morris, Dulas, September 1727, from a manuscript written in 1571 by Rice Jones [BM Add. MS 14894]; 'Ymddiddanion ffraethion Cymhengras a fu rhwng y Pawn bach o Wickwair yn y rhôs Is Conwy a Gwgon o Gaer einion ymhowys a elwir yn Gyffredin Araith Wgon'; a treatise, being 'a Preface to a Book Composd by me L. M. Entitul'd Yswelediad Byr or Holl Gelfyddydau a gwybodaethau Enwogcaf yn y Byd. June 1729' ('A poor preface indeed says L. M. 1759'); 'The Most Noted Poems in Mr. Bulkeley of Brynddu's Collection [i.e., 'Llyfr Gwyn Mechell', now NLW MS 832]; and 'Achau Llewelyn ap Gruffudd y Twysog diwaethaf o'r Cymru', transcribed in 1725 ('... allan o Lyfr Scrifen hen ddihennydd ... Llyfr fy hendaid'). Preceding the texts are a list of contents ('Taflen o gynhwysiad y Llyfr') and a list of names of the poets represented in the volume ('Enwau'r Awdwyr a Sgrifenasant y Caniadau yn y Llyfr hwn'). There are notes and memoranda on the fly-leaves by Lewis Morris and John Morgan. Inside the lower cover is a bill-head of the Wynnstay Arms Hotel or Eagles Inn, Machynlleth. Mary Richards [presumably of Darowen], whose bookplate appears inside the upper cover of the volume, has subsequently added transcripts of 'awdlau' and 'cywyddau' by Sion Tudur, Lewis Glynn Kothi, Tudu[r] Aled, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Gruffudd ap Jenkin ap Llywelyn Vychan, [William Llyn] pp. 352-51, Iolo Goch, Raff ab Robert, Henri Humphreys, and Dafydd ap Gwilim.

Trysorfa yr Awen ...,

A volume written almost entirely in the autograph of John Roberts ('Siôn Lleyn'; 1749-1817) containing poetry largely of his own composition, with some items by other poets. The volume is in two sections and there is a list of contents at the beginning covering pp. 1-145 in the first section. The wording on the title-page is 'Trysorfa yr Awen sef Casgliad o Ganiadau, Sion Lleyn, 1787,' but some of the items are of later date. The other poets represented are David Thomas ('Dafydd Ddu o'r Eryri'), Robert Prich[ar]d (Robert Prichiard Sion,'Robin'r Aber'), T[h]om[a]s Edward[s] Nant, D. Edward, Lewis Morys, John Hughes ('pandy bach pentre ucha yn Lleyn'), Richard Powel, Evan Owens, Glan-yllynnay (Llanystumdwy), MrEfan Efans ('Bardd hir') [Ieuan Brydydd Hir], Evan Rich[ar]d (Bryncroes), [David Jones] Dafydd Sion Pierce ('Dafydd Brydydd hir'), Dafydd ap Sion, Owen Griffith, Hugh Lloed [sic] Cynfal, Goronwy Owen(s) ('Goronwy Ddu o Fôn'), Edmund Prys and Griffith Philip. One or two items (p. 2 in the first section and pp. 142-5 at the end of the volume) appear to be in the autograph of John Thomas ('Siôn Wyn o Eifion'). One 'cywydd' in the volume (p. 118 in the first section) is headed 'Annerch Ieuan Bryncroes i Sion Lleyn wedi dyfod i ymweled a mi i Chappel Rhyd-y-Clafrdy pryd yr oeddwn yno yn cadw ysgol y fln 1791 y mis Medi' . The volume contains some notes in the autograph of John Jones ('Myrddin Fardd'), press cuttings and also a copy (printed) of Marwnad, neu Goffadwriaeth y Brawd Robert Roberts, o Sir Gaernarfon : yr hwn a ymadawodd â'r Byd hwn Tachwedd 28, 1802. Yn llawn 40 mlwydd Oed : wedi bod yn pregethu'r Efengyl 15 mlynedd. 8 pp. (Caernarfon : Argraphwyd gan T. Roberts, n.d.) by S. Lleyn. On p. 4 in the second section are 'Trioedd y Crinwas neu'r Cybydd'.

Triads; manuscript collections, &c.

A manuscript containing 'A translation of the Triads ... by Mr Lewis Morris out of Mr. Vaughan of Hengwrt's copy ...', transcribed and corrected by Ieuan Fardd, 12 October 1773 (pp. 3-47); and a list of collections of Welsh manuscripts (pp. 81-87).
The volume also includes a list of proverbs needing correction or insertion in John Davies, Mallwyd's Dictionary (pp. 50-59); a 'catalogue of the works' of Llywarch Hen, Myrddin, Taliesin and Aneirin 'out of Moses Williams's collection' (pp. 73-80); an elegy to Humphrey Llwyd, author of the Breviary of Britain, by Lewis ap Edwart (pp. 87-95); etc.

Morris, Lewis, 1701-1765

Tri chywydd,

  • NLW MS 9857C.
  • File
  • [1655x1658].

Transcripts of 'cywyddau' by Gryffydd Nannau, Gwilim ab Ieuan Hen, and Llywelyn Goch Amheirig Hen. The transcripts were written on two fly-leaves of Thomas Stanley: History of Philosophy, London, 1655, in the original binding with the words 'E Libris ... Salesbury e Coll: Jesu Oxon'. on the inside front cover. Three sons [William, John, and Gabriel] of Owen Salesbury of Rug matriculated at Jesus College between 1656 abd 1658.

Transcripts,

A manuscript containing transcripts by David Parry from the Red Book of Hergest, together with other poetry, the volume being compiled before it was given to Jesus College, Oxford in 1701. The contents of the volume are as follows: A Welsh Grammar copied from the Red Book of Hergest (col. 1117), with collations by Samuel Williams from Llanstephan MS 3, p. 472 (original foliation I-Vb, 1-7); a copy of the poetry on cols 1143-1356 of the Red Book of Hergest (original foliation 7-12b, original pagination 13-168, 169-265); followed by sixteen leaves at the end of the manuscript containing poems by Robin Ddu o Fôn, Tudur Aled, Rhys Nanmor and others, together with the pedigree of Sir Rhys ap Thomas.
Samuel Williams has copied a good many of the older material in a modernised orthography on the side left blank by the original copyist. There are also marginalia in the hand of Moses Williams. A note, probably in the hand of Samuel Williams, on p. 265 (original pagination) reads 'All the Poetry collated March 27 . 1722'.

David Parry, Reverend Samuel Williams and Moses Williams.

Transcripts by Thomas Richards and David Richards, etc.

A composite volume comprising three exercise books and insets largely in the hands of Thomas Richards, Darowen and David Richards, Llansilin. The contents include a list of names, ages and dates of death of 176 eminent ecclesiastics ('Cofrestr o Enwau, Oedran ac amser marwolaeth y Gwyr enwog canlynol ... '); a tract, 1753 (transcribed 1822), explaining the reasons for the adoption in Great Britain in 1752 of the Gregorian or New Style Calendar ('... y Rhesymmau amlycaf paham y gwnaed y cyfnewidiad diweddar yn y Flwyddyn, ydys yn alw yr Ysteil newydd'); short biographies of early and late British historians ('Ychydig o hanes yr Awdwyr mwyaf hynod a ysgrifennasant am y Brutaniaid yn yr Ynys hon yn gynar ac yn ddiweddar ...'), based on Joshua Thomas: Hanes y Bedyddwyr, Ymhlith y Cymry... (Caerfyrddin, 1778); 'Ymddiddan Myrddin a Gwenddydd' and prophecies attributed to Myrddin and Taliesin; prophetic poetry ('cywyddau', etc.) by Dafydd Llwyd Llewelin ap Griffydd, ?Griffidd ap Dafydd Fychan, Robin Ddu, Owain Twna, Dafydd Gorllech, Ifan Brydydd hir, Huw Pennant, Edwart [ap Rhys], Dr Sion Cent, Ie[uan] Dyfi, Iolo Goch, ?Meredith ap R[hys], Llywelin ap Owain, Rhys Goch or Yri, Thomas Prys (Plas Iolyn), etc.; 'englynion' by Davydd Richard ('D[ewi] Silin') and [John Jones] ('Myllin'); Awdl i'r olygfa o ben clochdy St Paul, Llundain, 1825, by [William Williams] ('Gwilym Cyfeiliog); 'Awdl Ymweliad ei Fawrhydi Sior y Pedwerydd ag ynys Fon' by [William Ellis Jones] ('G[wilym] Cawrdaf') (said in an accompanying note by Mary Richards to be in the hand of Evan Evans ('Ieuan Glan Geirionydd'); 'Coelbren y Beirdd'; a table of first lines of 'cywyddau', etc. by mediaeval Welsh bards; a list of titles of books of Welsh poetry and pedigrees, etc. The first exercise book, belonging to Thomas Richards, is dated 1814 and the second and third, belonging to David Richards, 1811-14?

Transcripts by Mary Richards, etc.

A volume originally intended as an arithmetic exercise ('Accompt') book of Jane Richards, Darowen, 1807, and subsequently used largely by Mary Richards to record transcripts of personal memoranda by the Reverend T[homas] Richard[s], Darowen, 1818; letters from T. Richards, Darowen to his children Lewis [Richards] and Jane [Richards], 1837 (the writer's illness) (said to be the writer's last letter) and to his son, the Reverend T[homas] Richards, Berriew, 1826 (the recipient's appointment to the rectorship of Llangynyw), Richard Humphreys, London to Thomas Richard[s], Llangynyw, 1860 (a Welsh church for London), Thomas Gill, Llanowddyn to T[homas] Richards, Llangynyw, 1854 (the death of John Llwyd Richards), the Reverend Maurice Jones, Pennant [Melangell] Vicarage to the Reverend R. Richards, Meifod, 1854 (the death of J. Ll. Richards), [Walter Davies, 'Gwallter Mechain'] to T[homas] Richards, Llangynyw, 1847 (a gathering 'ysbleddach yr alawyddion' at Caledfryn yn Rhos), R. Prys Morris, Dolgellau to M[ary] Richards, 1875 (a request for 'englynion' and pedigrees towards a proposed history of seven parishes between the rivers Dyfi and Maw), J. N. Foulkes, Machynlleth to [Thomas Richards, Darowen], 1833 (requesting his assistance at a Bible meeting), etc., a tabulated account of excursions ('Teithiau') by Mary Richards, Darowen to Aran Fawddwy and Cader Idris, 1800-71 and undated, etc.; poetry ('englynion', 'cerddi', 'cywyddau', etc.) by Moris ab Evan ab Dafydd, Lewis Jones (Nantl...), Richard Abraham, Cadwalad[r] Robert, Hugh Morris, Evan Evans (['Ieuan] Glan Geirionydd'), [Maurice Jones] 'Meiric Idris', Richard Thomas ('o Sir Fon'), John Davies ('ar eu ymadaid [sic] ir America'), John Edward Dafydd ('Can Garwriaethol Gyflwyned I Eisteddfod Blunfield New York ... Nadolig 1873', with a letter to his parents at Llan Erful), J. [recte Edward] Jones ('Person Llanfair'), John Roberts (Dolgelleu), Rowland Jones (Llanuwchlyn), Richard Humphreys (Llanfair), [David Thomas] 'D[afydd] Ddu [Eryri]', 'Dafydd Peblig', Sion Tudur, Tudur Aled, William Edwards ('Gwilym Padarn'), Dafydd Richard ('Dewi Silin'), Gruffudd ab Ieuan ab Llywelyn Fychan, John Blackwell ['Alun'], etc., and incomplete and anonymous poetry; a valentine from Jane [Richards] to D. Richard[s], Llansilin; extracts from 'Gramadeg [Einion Offeiriad]' ('rhai a ddywaid mae un Goronwy Owain ydoedd a ysgrifenwyd ar femrwn o 1500...'); etc.

Transcripts by Mary Richards, etc.

A volume almost entirely in the hand of Mary Richards, Darowen largely containing poetry ('cywyddau', 'englynion', etc.) by Rowland Williams, Sion Philip, Guttun Owen, William Philip, Dr John Kent, Dafydd ap E[dmwnt], Edmwnt Prys, Robin Ddu o Fon, James Dwnid [recte Dwnn], Thom. Williams (1817), Iolo Goch, Ifan Tew Brydydd, Taliesin, Davydd ap Gwilim, Huw Arwystl, Hugh Morris, Edward Morris, Walter Davies ['Gwallter Mechain'], [David Richards, 'Dewi Silin'], Robert Parry (Eglwys fach), David Rowlands (Plas Isa, Dolgelley), Rev. D. Davies (Castle Caereinion), John Parry, Robert Davies (Nantglyn) and Hu ap Ier. ap Robert, and anonymous poems. Among other items included are a code of manners ('Dysg Vanners dda'); a pedigree of Oliver Cromwell; a drawing and a description of a brass object discovered at Hen fryn fawr near Caersiws [sic], Montgomeryshire, 1808, 'Teilyn[g]dod a theithi yr Iaith Gymraeg', etc. [from Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'): Cyfrinach Beirdd Ynys Prydain (Abertawy, 1829)]; and a diagram illustrating the civil order and the ecclesiastical order of the months. Much of the volume appears to have been written during the period 1817-18 but there are some personal and other memoranda dated to 1857. Some of the items appear to have been copied from NLW MS 2691 ('Llyfr Pant Phillip').

Transcripts by Mary Richards, etc.

A composite volume, comprising five exercise books and numerous pieces mounted therein, largely in the hand of Mary Richards, Darowen. The contents include an appeal on behalf of the 'Welsh Metropolitan Church', 1841, together with a list of subscriptions, and a brief account by Mary Richards of the origin of the movement; a prospectus of Seren Gomer, 1813; a list of subscribers to a testimonial by the laity and clergy of the diocese of St Asaph to [Edward Herbert, 2nd] earl of Powis; a prospectus of [Y] Protestant, a Welsh fortnightly newspaper [1839]; letters from Ellis Edward, Penrhos to [ ], 1786 (the will of Thomas Owen, rector of Darowen), Eleazar William, Liverpool to R[ichard] R[ichards], Vicarage, Meifod, 1855 (the death of the recipient's brother Thomas), [ ] Brithdir to [Mary] Richards, 1838 (rejecting a Madam Bevan School) (incomplete), William Owen ('Ab Owen Glan Hafren') to T[homas] Richard[s], Berriew, 1824 (an invitation to a Bible Society meeting, 'englynion' to [John] Jenkins ['Ifor Ceri']), [John Jones] ('Myllin'), Llanfyllin to [David] Richards, rector of Llansilin, 1826 (a request for six copies of the Ieithiadur of Robert Dafydd [Nantglyn] for the newly-formed Welsh Society at Llanfyllin), William Williams ('Gwylym ab Iorwerth'), [Darowen] and Llanidloes, to Mair Richards, 1827-51 and undated (the writer's education by the recipient, poetry by the writer, Denbigh eisteddfod (1828), a proposed Welsh Society at Darowen, the receipt of a grammar), W. Toleman, watchmaker, Carnarvon to M[ary] Richard[s], 1826 (engraving on two silver cups for Llanbeblig Church), J. W. Prisiart, Plasybrain to Owain William, Bwlch, Pentraeth, 1825 (the writer's health, Welsh orthography) (incomplete), David Jones, minister [curate in charge], Cyffyliog [sic] to D[avid] Richards, Llansilin, 1817 (banns of marriage), Edward Richard, parish clerk ('clochydd'), Llansilin to Thomas Richards, Llangynyw, 1830 (a proposed memorial stone for David Richard), T. Beinion, Rayto(w)n to David Richard[s], Llansilin, 1824 (personal, the writer's studies), George Sibley, Can Office to T[homas] Richards, Llangynyw, undated (the return of a pony), and M[ary] R[ichards], Llangynyw to [ ] [London], 1857 [recte 1851] (personal, the death of Aneurin [Owen], a tea at Meifod, references to friends]; poetry in strict and free metres ('englynion', etc.) by 'Elidir', W[alter] D[avies] ['Gwallter Mechain'], William Williams ('Gwilym Cyfeiliog'), [Morris Jones] ('Meurig Idris'), Mrs Mytton ('A Welsh Translation of Mrs. Mytton's Cambrians Holyday'), Evan Evans ('[Ieuan] Glangeirionydd'), R. Llwyd (Mathrafal), [Robert Llwyd Morris] ('Rhufionawg') [sic], Dafydd Richard ('Dafydd Ionawr'), [Isaac Llwyd, Mold] 'Gwyddon' (see N1922E, 22), Thomas Edward (['Twm o'r] Nant'), R[obert] D[avies] (Nantglyn), Daniel Jones (Liverpool), [William Williams] ('Gwilim ab Iorwerth'), Evan Jones (Darowen), William Jones ('G[wilym] Cawrdaf'), Rowland Parry ('Ieuan Carndochan'), Aneurin Owain, [W. Williams] 'Gwilym Bryn Mair', Thomas Lewis, E. Lewis ('E. ab Dewi'), [David Jones] ('Ieuan Cadfan'), William Philip, David Ellis (Mowddwy), Hugh Jones ('Hugh Erfyl'), D[avid] R[ichards] ('Dewi Silin'), Harri Parry (Graig y Gath), etc., and anonymous poems; a list of bards at Conway Eisteddfod, 1861; triads, 'Adar llwch gwin', 'Y Pedair Camp ar hugain', 'Naw helwriaeth', etc., from a manuscript belonging to Simon Jones; medical recipes; calligraphic exercises; etc. Some of the transcripts are dated within the period 1856-61. Among the pieces mounted on the inside covers of the exercise books is A Card, Intended to be privately put into the hand of one that Swears, written (according to an accompanying note by Mary Richards) by the Reverend John Llwyd, vicar of Hindolveston, Norfolk, son of David Llwyd, Cymerau, Tal y Bont [Cardiganshire].

Transcripts by Mary Richards, etc.

A volume, dated 1835, which was originally intended as as arithmetic exercise book for T[homas] Cynddelw Richards and was subsequently used by Mary Richards to record a list of bards, etc. who were licenced ('a gafodd Drwydd[ed]') at a Welshpool eisteddfod [?1824] and transcripts of 'cywyddau', 'englynion', etc. by Moris Evan ap Eingan [i..e. Morys Dwyfech], Gruffudd Kenrick Coch, William Llyn, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Ifan Dyfu, Edmund Prys ('Mr o Gylfyddyd'), Ywain Waeta, Howel Kilain, Howel ap Llywelyn Ymael [recte ap y Moel], Dafydd ap Edmund, Gruffudd ap Evan ap Llywelyn Vychan, Dafydd ap Gwilim, Gruffudd ap Gronw Gethin, Tudur Aled, Cuttun [sic] Owain, Gruffudd Llwyd ap Dafydd, Richard Gruffudd ap Huw, Gutto'r Glyn, Sion Tudur, Bedo Brwy[n]llys, Rhys Nant Mor, Sir Dafydd Owain, Wiliam Philip and 'Taliesin' [?1864], and anonymous poems. One of the later transcripts is dated 1865.

Transcripts by Mary Richards, etc.

A volume originally intended as an arithmetic rule and exercise book but largely used by Mary Richards to record transcripts of fragments of 'Llyma ddeall y Pader Ynghymraeg', ['Breudwyt Pawl Ebostol'], etc., letters from Griffydd Jones (Griffydd Glan Gwynion'), Dolgelle to [Mary] Richards, undated (enclosing a gift of two books) and from Morris Jones ['Meurig Idris'], Dolgellau to the Reverend Thos Richards, Llangynyw, 1845 (a concert at Dolgellau, the double action Cambrian harp) and 'cywyddau' by Gruffydd Hiraethog, Guto'r Glynn, Tudur Aled, William Llyn, Ieuan Tew [Ieuanc], Tudur Penllyn, Huw Kae Llwyd, Llywelyn Goch Amheurig hen, Dafydd Nanmor, Gruffydd Hafren, Syr Owen ap Gwilim, Sion Philip, Bedo Brwynllys, Morys Dwyfech, Dafydd ap Edmwnd, Llowdden, Tomas Penllyn, Meredydd ap Rys and Sion Tudur. On the inside lower cover is an extract beginning 'E Mab Enogi a wnaeth dri ffug Lyfr Ynys Brydain ...' copied from a book of Sir Thomas Llwyd, 'Person Kemes', which later passed into the hands of Angharad Llwyd, Caerwys. Among a number of items pasted on the inside upper cover and fly-leaf is an engraving entitled 'Begging Devotees of China & Jugglers mounted on tame Tigers'.

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