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Heraldry -- Wales
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Wynn of Gwydir heraldry and memoranda

Colour illustrations of armorial bearings, seals, memorial inscriptions and memoranda relating to the Wynn of Gwydir family added to a copy of Sir John Wynn, The History of the Gwydir Family (Ruthin, 1827). Inserted on f. 11 are two original items in the hand of Sir John Wynn, one of which is a transcript of a letter from Henry III to Llywelyn ab Iorwerth.

Wynn, John, Sir, 1553-1627

Welsh heraldic notes and sketches

A volume of armorials, blazons and accompanying notes, 1890-1894, compiled by D. Griffith Davies, relating mainly to Welsh tribes and families.
These include arms of Gwynedd (f. 10), the Five Royal Tribes of Wales (ff. 11-15), the Fifteen Tribes of North Wales (ff. 16-31), the four Welsh Sees (ff. 32-35), chieftains of North Wales and Powys (ff. 35 verso-79) and of South Wales (ff. 80-95) and miscellaneous arms (ff. 88 verso-115, inverted text on versos). Many of the arms (ff. 61-114) are copied from 'Hengwrt MSS No. 395'. The armorials to f. 57 are mostly fully painted, thereafter mostly unpainted. The volume also includes notes taken from F. Edward Hulme, History of Symbolism in Christian Art (London, 1891) (ff. 1-8 verso) and archaeological notes and sketches relating to churches and other antiquities in Anglesey (ff. 117-131 verso).

The nobility & gentry of North Wales

A transcript of 'The Names and Arms of the Ancient Nobility and Gentry of North [and South] Wales', and of 'Englishmen and others ... possessed of Estates in Wales...', from a sixteenth century manuscript. The arms are blazoned and there is an index.

Pedigrees, etc.

A manuscript containing transcripts by Angharad Llwyd (1780-1866) of genealogical notes, parish registers, pedigrees and arms of Welsh and English families, etc.

Llwyd, Angharad

Pedigrees and Arms

Pedigrees, mostly copied 1828, in the hand of John Jenkins, of the families of Herbert of Dolforgan, Kerry, Jones of Great Hemm, Forden, and Pryce of Gunley, and of Hugh Owen, archdeacon of Salop (ff. 7-17 verso); with coloured drawings of the arms of the founders of Welsh families, etc. (ff. 199-208, 215 verso-217, 221 verso).

Jenkins, John, 1770-1829


A transcript of Hugh Thomas's collection of pedigrees of Welsh families contained in British Museum Harleian MS 2288, with reproductions in colour of the coats of arms, an index to the pedigrees and an index to the coats of arms.

Thomas, Hugh, 1673-1720

Pedigree of Richard Herbert, Dolforgan

  • NLW MS 24101G.
  • File
  • 1687, [18 cent., last ¼]

Pedigree, dated 1687, of Richard Herbert of Dolforgan, Kerry, Montgomeryshire, containing nineteen coats of arms, all painted, tracing Herbert's lineage, in the male line only, through fifteen generations, [?spuriously] from King Henry I and his son Herbert [?recte Henry] fitz Roy.
Husbands and wives are recorded in roundels beneath their impaled coats of arms; additional coats have been included to represent Herbert's wife's parents and maternal grandparents, and his daughter. Three generations have been added to the pedigree in a different hand (without heraldry), while further additions have been roughly sketched in pencil, [18 cent., last ¼]. Eight roundels have been left empty. The compilers of the pedigree are not named, however the Rev. John Jenkins (Ifor Ceri) ascribes it to Morris Evans of Llanfyllin, antiquary, and 'John Richardson, Herald Painter' (see NLW MS 1655B, f. 8; the repetition of this attribution alongside other pedigrees in the same volume (f. 13 verso) may cast doubt on its accuracy however). A dedication at the foot of the pedigree lists the authorities consulted (in NLW MS 1655B, f. 9 verso, Ifor Ceri appends the same list to a different pedigree altogether).

Evans, Morris, active 1667-1693

Pedigree of John Bowen of Bath

  • NLW MS 24111G.
  • File
  • [1810x1819]

Pedigree roll, [1810x1819], of, and probably in the hand of, the Rev. John Bowen of Bath, incorporating seventy-five coats of arms, nearly all impaled and most fully painted by an unnamed artist, some surmounted with crests or crowns and all set within canopies, tracing Bowen's ancestors primarily from Caradog Fraichvras and Brychan [Brycheiniog] (f. 5), as well as Bleddyn ap Maenarch (f. 20).
The pedigree is based on 'the pedigree and achievements of Robert Bowen of Bally Adams' [in Queen's County (now Co. Laois), Ireland], a roll (now lost) of 1608 by Thomas Jones of Fountain Gate, Tregaron, together with a continuation of Robert Bowen's line to 1720 by William Hawkins, Ulster King of Arms (f. 32 verso). Three main lines of descent are depicted, from Caradog Fraichvras and Brychan (f. 5), and Cadwaladr (f. 9) down to John Bowen (f. 34), with a single generation on each panel. Preceding these are the ancestors, some spurious, of Caradog and Brychan (ff. 2-4), together with a 'Regal Line' (ff. 2-8). Some collateral lines are also shown alongside the main lines of descent (ff. 29-30, 32-35); however in nine instances (ff. 4 verso-5 verso, 21 verso-23 verso, 27 verso-33 verso (versos only)), for reasons of space, the collateral lines extend onto the versos, most significantly to show the Bowens of Ballyadams (ff. 30 verso-32 verso). The early lineages (ff. 2-4), 'Regal Line' (ff. 2-8) and collateral lines are depicted without heraldry, other than occasional blazoning. Various notes have been added in the same hand, including lists of the children of Brychan Brycheiniog (ff. 6 verso-9 verso), a description of a monument to the Bowen family in Ballyadams (f. 30 verso) and notes on the original pedigree (f. 32 verso) and Thomas Jones (f. 36 verso). A few later annotations, to 1832, are on f. 34. A painted figure of a woman holding in her left hand a shield displaying the Bowen arms and in her right hand a pedigree roll is on f. 1. The matches shown in the line of Roger ap John of Llanfrynach (see f. 27) differ significantly from those in P. C. Bartrum, Welsh Genealogies A.D. 300-1400 (Cardiff, 1974), pp. 863, 865. For the Bowens of Ballyadams see Lord Walter FitzGerald, 'Ballyadams in the Queen's County, and the Bowen Family', in Journal of the Archaeological Society of the County of Kildare and Surrounding Districts, 7 (1912-1914), 3-32, and Rhys Morgan, The Welsh and the Shaping of Early Modern Ireland 1558-1641 (Woodbridge, 2014), pp. 76, 146, 193, 197.

Bowen, John, 1747-1835

Pedigree of Gawen Goodman of Ruthin

  • NLW MS 24106G.
  • File
  • 1584

Pedigree and achievement, 1584, of Gawen Goodman of Ruthin, compiled by Simwnt Fychan and drawn by Richard Thomlyns of Denbigh, with eighty-eight other coats of arms, nearly all fully painted.
The pedigree shows Goodman's descent, through the female line, from twenty-five prominent ancestors, mostly Welsh, represented by twenty-five shields in two rows at the top of the pedigree; the arms of royal houses are surmounted by gold crowns. The remaining sixty-three coats of arms, the majority of which are impaled, are scattered throughout the pedigree. Personal names are enclosed in roundels. The pedigree includes Gawen's younger brother Gabriel (Dean of Westminster, 1561-1601) and other siblings, as well as Gawen's children and those of his other brother Godfrey. The achievement is placed at the lower right-hand base.

Thomlyns, Richard

Pedigree of Francis Vaughan of Yorkshire

  • NLW MS 24125G.
  • File
  • 1591

Pedigree and achievement, 1591, of Francis Vaughan (Vychan or Vichan, d. 1597), of [Sutton-upon-Derwent], Yorkshire, compiled by Thomas Jones (Twm Siôn Cati) of Fountain Gate, Cardiganshire, and probably executed by Richard Adams 'paynter of Ludlow' (c.f. NLW Roll 226), with fifty-three fully painted coats of arms, mostly impaled and many quartered.
The pedigree is traced from 'Kradog Vraychvras, Earle off Herefourde', 'Iustyn ap Gurgan, K[ing] of Glamorgan & Morganog', 'Ryes Tewder [Rhys ap Tewdwr], King off Southwales', 'Griffith ap Kynan, King off Northwales', and 'Bleddyn ap Kynvin, Prynce off Powys', as well as from Edward I. Additional information is enclosed in twelve cartouches, mostly scattered throughout the top third of the pedigree, with one each in the bottom corners. The pedigree most closely resembles 'Style 1' in Michael Powell Siddons, Welsh Pedigree Rolls (Aberystwyth, 1996), p. 11. Vaughan's grandfather was Thomas Vaughan of Porthaml, Talgarth, Breconshire; the family's association with Yorkshire began only with Francis's father, John, who settled there early in the reign of Elizabeth I. Francis Vaughan was chief steward of crown lands in the East Riding from 1580, High Sheriff of Yorkshire, 1594-95, and was killed in Ulster, in service to the crown, in July 1597.

Jones, Thomas, approximately 1530-approximately 1620

Historical and genealogical tracts, etc.

A manuscript containing a history of Britain, 1688, by Thomas Sebastian Price (d. 1704), with notes by William Maurice (d. 1680); material relating to Welsh and English armorials; a criticism of John Guillim: A Display of Heraldrie; miscellaneous transcripts of deeds, essays, charters, legal material, etc.; a Welsh vocabulary; memoranda relating to the suppression of monasteries; miscellaneous pedigrees; letter, 1675, of William Maurice; etc.

Price, Thomas Sebastian, d. 1704

Herald's Armorial, Vol. II

  • NLW MS 13698D
  • File
  • 1640-1660

A manuscript armorial of English and Welsh families entitled The nomenclature or Heralds Alphabett of Surnames, L-Z (vol. II), with additional notes by Peter Le Neve (1661-1729), Norroy King at Arms. Painted coats-of-arms have been affixed to the manuscript at relevant points throughout the work.

Le Neve, Peter, 1661-1729

Herald's Armorial, Vol. I

  • NLW MS 13697D
  • File
  • 1640-1660

A manuscript armorial of English and Welsh families entitled The nomenclature or Heralds Alphabett of Surnames, A-K (vol. I), with additional notes by Peter Le Neve (1661-1729), Norroy King at Arms. Painted coat-of-arms have been affixed to the manuscript at relevant points throughout the work.

Le Neve, Peter, 1661-1729

Goronwy Owen letters

  • NLW MS 24047C.
  • File
  • 1855-1858

A volume, 1855 (watermark 1845), in the hand of John Hughes, Llanerchymedd, Anglesey, containing transcripts of letters and poetry, and other texts.
The volume contains items apparently copied from an untraced manuscript of John William Prichard (ff. 1 verso-25 verso), including transcripts of seven letters, 1751-1757, from Goronwy Owen to William Morris (ff. 2-20 verso, Welsh, English), and one, 1741, from Goronwy Owen to Owen Meyrick (ff. 21-22 verso, Latin, English), all of which appear in The Letters of Goronwy Owen (1723-1769), ed. by J. H. Davies (Cardiff, 1924); a transcript of a letter, 1806, from William Owen-Pughe to Prichard (f. 25 recto-verso); Goronwy Owen's Latin poem 'On Captain Thomas Ffoulkes' Escape…' (ff. 23-24); and englyns in Latin, English and Welsh by Edward Morris (f. 24). The volume also contains a copy of a poem ascribed to Robert Duke of Normandy but probably written by Iolo Morganwg (see The Gentleman's Magazine, 76 (1794), 981) (ff. 26 verso-27); a translation into English [by John Hughes] of the poem 'Y Gorwynion' (ff. 27 verso-31); a list describing the parish churches of Anglesey and their founders (ff. 68-74 verso); and descriptions of the Fifteen Tribes of North Wales (and a few others), with the blazons of their arms (ff. 76-81 verso). Items found loose within the volume (7 ff.) have been tipped in on blank leaves (ff. 32-34, 83), with the exception of a copy, 1799, by John William Prichard, of the poem 'Yr Eneth o'r Bryn', said to have been translated from English by Goronwy Owen (see Alan Llwyd, Gronwy Ddiafael, Gronwy Ddu: Cofiant Goronwy Owen 1723-1769 (1997), p. 58), which is loose at the end of the volume (f. 137).

Hughes, John, active 1855-1858.

Genealogy of the Lloyd family,

  • NLW MS 23944C.
  • File
  • 1900-[1940s]

A volume, 1900-[1940s], detailing the history of the Lloyd family of Cwm Bychan, near Harlech, Merioneth, containing numerous painted coats of arms, illuminated initials and other illustrations. It was begun in 1900 by Llewelyn Lloyd and added to probably by his son Guy Ynyr Llewelyn Lloyd and other descendants.
The main body of the text (pp. 9-67) chronicles the descent of the family from the 10th century figure, Gwaethvoed Vawr (p. 9), via the lords of Nannau, Merioneth (pp. 17-39), to the Llwyds of Cwm Bychan (pp. 41-49), and then to their descendants in Flintshire, including the Rev. John Lloyd of Caerwys (pp. 52-57) and Angharad Llwyd (pp.58-59), Llewelyn Lloyd (pp. 64-65) and Guy Ynyr Llewelyn Lloyd (pp. 66-67). Successive generations, each with painted coats of arms, are recorded on a recto and additional information inserted on the verso opposite. Prefatory material (pp. v-vi, 1-8) includes heraldic devices and quotations. Items pasted into the volume include bookplates, 1747-[late 19 cent] (inside front cover, p. i), photographs of gravestones and memorials, 1899-[?1920s] (pp. 27-28, 53, 64-65), a note concerning John Lloyd, [1793x1798], possibly in the hand of Thomas Pennant (p. 56e), and pedigrees drawn up by Philip H. Lawson of Chester, 1919 (pp. 46a-d, 56a-d). Another pedigree by Lawson, 1919, found loose in the volume, is in an archival envelope. An inscription by the donors, 2006, is on p. iii.

Lloyd, Llewelyn, 1860-1921.

Francis Bassano: Arms of Welsh families

A volume containing a collection, late 17 cent., of arms of Welshmen and of Englishmen connected with Wales by Francis Bassano. Also included are copies of monumental inscriptions in the parish church of Sawley, Derbyshire (p. 73) and in Clifton Church (p. 79).

Bassano, Francis, 17 cent. Arms of Welsh families (late 17 cent.), NLW MS 240E

Edward Parry: Royal Visits and Progresses to Wales ..., with coloured drawings

  • NLW MS 6490D
  • File
  • [19 cent., second ½]

A copy of the second edition of Edward Parry, Royal Visits and Progresses to Wales ... (London, 1851), to the margins of which have been added over eight hundred coats of arms, coloured by hand, of persons and families mentioned in the text. There is also a manuscript index to the coats of arms.

Parry, Edward (Of Chester)

Barddoniaeth, Proffwydoliaethau, &c.

  • NLW MS 3077B
  • File
  • 17 cent.

'Cywyddau' and other poems by Gruffudd Llwyd ap Dafydd ab Einion, Dafydd Llwyd ap Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Robin Ddu, Taliesin, William Pue, Dafydd Gorlech, Owain Twna, Gruffudd ap Llywelyn Fychan, Edwart ap Rhys, Gruffudd ap Dafydd Fychan, Syr Thomas Chwith, Ieuan Leiaf, Iolo Goch, Syr Dafydd Trefor, Llywelyn ab Owain, Gruffudd ab Ieuan, Hwlkyn ap Llywelyn, Ieuan ap Gruffudd Leiaf, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Ieuan ap Rhydderch ab Ieuan Llwyd, Syr Huw Pennant, Dafydd Nanmor, Wiliam Cynwal, Lewis Glyn Cothi, Rhys Goch Eryri, Rhys Fardd, Myrddin Wyllt, Syr Ifan ('o Garno'), Sion Tudur, Llywelyn Goch ap Meurig Hen, Gronw Ddu o Fôn, Llywelyn ap Maredudd ab Ednyfed, Maredudd ap Rhys, Sion Cent, Adda Fras, Sion Morus, Lewis ap Edward, and Thomas Prys; prose extracts, including an account of the laws of Dyfnwal Moelmud and others; the prophecies of Taliesin and Myrddin Wyllt; an armorial of Welsh families, transcribed by Thomas Roberts, 1644, from a work by Wiliam Cynwal, and an armorial of the nobility of England; 'Breuddwyd Gronw Ddu'; 'Ymddiddan Myrddin a Gwenddydd'; the names of the kings of Britain from Brutus to Cadwaladr; etc.

Gruffudd Llwyd ap Dafydd ab Einion Lygliw, ca. 1380- ca. 1420

Awdlau Wiliam Kynwal

A volume containing forty-three odes composed and written by Wiliam Kynwal between 1567 and 1576 (ff. vii verso, 1-93). He began the manuscript at Cerrig Ellgwm 'yn fy siambr vy hun yngheric Ellgwm y trydydd dydd o vis mai o vewn yssbyty dol gynwal a duw a wyr na wnn pwy na[c] ym ha le y gorffennir ef' (ff. v verso-vi). The odes are headed by the arms of the persons addressed, except in the case of the odlau merched, in which quaint sketches of women are substituted.
Also included are a prologue (ff. 5-6) and an incomplete table of contents (f. 6 recto-verso). At the end of the manuscript there is a rough copy of an ode by Huw Machno (ff. 95-96), who has also written some notes on the folios at the beginning (ff. i-iv).

Cynwal, Wiliam, -1587 or 1588

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