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Heraldry -- Wales English
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Genealogy of the Lloyd family,

  • NLW MS 23944C.
  • File
  • 1900-[1940s]

A volume, 1900-[1940s], detailing the history of the Lloyd family of Cwm Bychan, near Harlech, Merioneth, containing numerous painted coats of arms, illuminated initials and other illustrations. It was begun in 1900 by Llewelyn Lloyd and added to probably by his son Guy Ynyr Llewelyn Lloyd and other descendants.
The main body of the text (pp. 9-67) chronicles the descent of the family from the 10th century figure, Gwaethvoed Vawr (p. 9), via the lords of Nannau, Merioneth (pp. 17-39), to the Llwyds of Cwm Bychan (pp. 41-49), and then to their descendants in Flintshire, including the Rev. John Lloyd of Caerwys (pp. 52-57) and Angharad Llwyd (pp.58-59), Llewelyn Lloyd (pp. 64-65) and Guy Ynyr Llewelyn Lloyd (pp. 66-67). Successive generations, each with painted coats of arms, are recorded on a recto and additional information inserted on the verso opposite. Prefatory material (pp. v-vi, 1-8) includes heraldic devices and quotations. Items pasted into the volume include bookplates, 1747-[late 19 cent] (inside front cover, p. i), photographs of gravestones and memorials, 1899-[?1920s] (pp. 27-28, 53, 64-65), a note concerning John Lloyd, [1793x1798], possibly in the hand of Thomas Pennant (p. 56e), and pedigrees drawn up by Philip H. Lawson of Chester, 1919 (pp. 46a-d, 56a-d). Another pedigree by Lawson, 1919, found loose in the volume, is in an archival envelope. An inscription by the donors, 2006, is on p. iii.

Lloyd, Llewelyn, 1860-1921.

Welsh heraldic notes and sketches

A volume of armorials, blazons and accompanying notes, 1890-1894, compiled by D. Griffith Davies, relating mainly to Welsh tribes and families.
These include arms of Gwynedd (f. 10), the Five Royal Tribes of Wales (ff. 11-15), the Fifteen Tribes of North Wales (ff. 16-31), the four Welsh Sees (ff. 32-35), chieftains of North Wales and Powys (ff. 35 verso-79) and of South Wales (ff. 80-95) and miscellaneous arms (ff. 88 verso-115, inverted text on versos). Many of the arms (ff. 61-114) are copied from 'Hengwrt MSS No. 395'. The armorials to f. 57 are mostly fully painted, thereafter mostly unpainted. The volume also includes notes taken from F. Edward Hulme, History of Symbolism in Christian Art (London, 1891) (ff. 1-8 verso) and archaeological notes and sketches relating to churches and other antiquities in Anglesey (ff. 117-131 verso).

Wynn of Gwydir heraldry and memoranda

Colour illustrations of armorial bearings, seals, memorial inscriptions and memoranda relating to the Wynn of Gwydir family added to a copy of Sir John Wynn, The History of the Gwydir Family (Ruthin, 1827). Inserted on f. 11 are two original items in the hand of Sir John Wynn, one of which is a transcript of a letter from Henry III to Llywelyn ab Iorwerth.

Wynn, John, Sir, 1553-1627

Goronwy Owen letters

  • NLW MS 24047C.
  • File
  • 1855-1858

A volume, 1855 (watermark 1845), in the hand of John Hughes, Llanerchymedd, Anglesey, containing transcripts of letters and poetry, and other texts.
The volume contains items apparently copied from an untraced manuscript of John William Prichard (ff. 1 verso-25 verso), including transcripts of seven letters, 1751-1757, from Goronwy Owen to William Morris (ff. 2-20 verso, Welsh, English), and one, 1741, from Goronwy Owen to Owen Meyrick (ff. 21-22 verso, Latin, English), all of which appear in The Letters of Goronwy Owen (1723-1769), ed. by J. H. Davies (Cardiff, 1924); a transcript of a letter, 1806, from William Owen-Pughe to Prichard (f. 25 recto-verso); Goronwy Owen's Latin poem 'On Captain Thomas Ffoulkes' Escape…' (ff. 23-24); and englyns in Latin, English and Welsh by Edward Morris (f. 24). The volume also contains a copy of a poem ascribed to Robert Duke of Normandy but probably written by Iolo Morganwg (see The Gentleman's Magazine, 76 (1794), 981) (ff. 26 verso-27); a translation into English [by John Hughes] of the poem 'Y Gorwynion' (ff. 27 verso-31); a list describing the parish churches of Anglesey and their founders (ff. 68-74 verso); and descriptions of the Fifteen Tribes of North Wales (and a few others), with the blazons of their arms (ff. 76-81 verso). Items found loose within the volume (7 ff.) have been tipped in on blank leaves (ff. 32-34, 83), with the exception of a copy, 1799, by John William Prichard, of the poem 'Yr Eneth o'r Bryn', said to have been translated from English by Goronwy Owen (see Alan Llwyd, Gronwy Ddiafael, Gronwy Ddu: Cofiant Goronwy Owen 1723-1769 (1997), p. 58), which is loose at the end of the volume (f. 137).

Hughes, John, active 1855-1858.

Pedigrees and Arms

Pedigrees, mostly copied 1828, in the hand of John Jenkins, of the families of Herbert of Dolforgan, Kerry, Jones of Great Hemm, Forden, and Pryce of Gunley, and of Hugh Owen, archdeacon of Salop (ff. 7-17 verso); with coloured drawings of the arms of the founders of Welsh families, etc. (ff. 199-208, 215 verso-217, 221 verso).

Jenkins, John, 1770-1829

Pedigree of John Bowen of Bath

  • NLW MS 24111G.
  • File
  • [1810x1819]

Pedigree roll, [1810x1819], of, and probably in the hand of, the Rev. John Bowen of Bath, incorporating seventy-five coats of arms, nearly all impaled and most fully painted by an unnamed artist, some surmounted with crests or crowns and all set within canopies, tracing Bowen's ancestors primarily from Caradog Fraichvras and Brychan [Brycheiniog] (f. 5), as well as Bleddyn ap Maenarch (f. 20).
The pedigree is based on 'the pedigree and achievements of Robert Bowen of Bally Adams' [in Queen's County (now Co. Laois), Ireland], a roll (now lost) of 1608 by Thomas Jones of Fountain Gate, Tregaron, together with a continuation of Robert Bowen's line to 1720 by William Hawkins, Ulster King of Arms (f. 32 verso). Three main lines of descent are depicted, from Caradog Fraichvras and Brychan (f. 5), and Cadwaladr (f. 9) down to John Bowen (f. 34), with a single generation on each panel. Preceding these are the ancestors, some spurious, of Caradog and Brychan (ff. 2-4), together with a 'Regal Line' (ff. 2-8). Some collateral lines are also shown alongside the main lines of descent (ff. 29-30, 32-35); however in nine instances (ff. 4 verso-5 verso, 21 verso-23 verso, 27 verso-33 verso (versos only)), for reasons of space, the collateral lines extend onto the versos, most significantly to show the Bowens of Ballyadams (ff. 30 verso-32 verso). The early lineages (ff. 2-4), 'Regal Line' (ff. 2-8) and collateral lines are depicted without heraldry, other than occasional blazoning. Various notes have been added in the same hand, including lists of the children of Brychan Brycheiniog (ff. 6 verso-9 verso), a description of a monument to the Bowen family in Ballyadams (f. 30 verso) and notes on the original pedigree (f. 32 verso) and Thomas Jones (f. 36 verso). A few later annotations, to 1832, are on f. 34. A painted figure of a woman holding in her left hand a shield displaying the Bowen arms and in her right hand a pedigree roll is on f. 1. The matches shown in the line of Roger ap John of Llanfrynach (see f. 27) differ significantly from those in P. C. Bartrum, Welsh Genealogies A.D. 300-1400 (Cardiff, 1974), pp. 863, 865. For the Bowens of Ballyadams see Lord Walter FitzGerald, 'Ballyadams in the Queen's County, and the Bowen Family', in Journal of the Archaeological Society of the County of Kildare and Surrounding Districts, 7 (1912-1914), 3-32, and Rhys Morgan, The Welsh and the Shaping of Early Modern Ireland 1558-1641 (Woodbridge, 2014), pp. 76, 146, 193, 197.

Bowen, John, 1747-1835

Pedigree of Richard Herbert, Dolforgan

  • NLW MS 24101G.
  • File
  • 1687, [18 cent., last ¼]

Pedigree, dated 1687, of Richard Herbert of Dolforgan, Kerry, Montgomeryshire, containing nineteen coats of arms, all painted, tracing Herbert's lineage, in the male line only, through fifteen generations, [?spuriously] from King Henry I and his son Herbert [?recte Henry] fitz Roy.
Husbands and wives are recorded in roundels beneath their impaled coats of arms; additional coats have been included to represent Herbert's wife's parents and maternal grandparents, and his daughter. Three generations have been added to the pedigree in a different hand (without heraldry), while further additions have been roughly sketched in pencil, [18 cent., last ¼]. Eight roundels have been left empty. The compilers of the pedigree are not named, however the Rev. John Jenkins (Ifor Ceri) ascribes it to Morris Evans of Llanfyllin, antiquary, and 'John Richardson, Herald Painter' (see NLW MS 1655B, f. 8; the repetition of this attribution alongside other pedigrees in the same volume (f. 13 verso) may cast doubt on its accuracy however). A dedication at the foot of the pedigree lists the authorities consulted (in NLW MS 1655B, f. 9 verso, Ifor Ceri appends the same list to a different pedigree altogether).

Evans, Morris, active 1667-1693

An armorial

Coats of arms, coloured, of the founders of Welsh and Border Counties families, comprising 'The Aancient descent of diuers noble and worthie howsen and gentlemen of great worshipp springring from them' and 'The names of such other gentlemen as came into wales and ther, or in the marches therof have lande and possessions where they inhabite, by certen descent of inheritance Ther first Auncestors being eyther Englishmen, Danes, Normans or Irishe men, and at this present growen to be great howses of worshipp in walles'.

Awdlau Wiliam Kynwal

A volume containing forty-three odes composed and written by Wiliam Kynwal between 1567 and 1576 (ff. vii verso, 1-93). He began the manuscript at Cerrig Ellgwm 'yn fy siambr vy hun yngheric Ellgwm y trydydd dydd o vis mai o vewn yssbyty dol gynwal a duw a wyr na wnn pwy na[c] ym ha le y gorffennir ef' (ff. v verso-vi). The odes are headed by the arms of the persons addressed, except in the case of the odlau merched, in which quaint sketches of women are substituted.
Also included are a prologue (ff. 5-6) and an incomplete table of contents (f. 6 recto-verso). At the end of the manuscript there is a rough copy of an ode by Huw Machno (ff. 95-96), who has also written some notes on the folios at the beginning (ff. i-iv).

Cynwal, Wiliam, -1587 or 1588

Achau, arfau, &c.

A volume containing mainly pedigrees of North and South Wales families written by two principal scribes of the circle of George Owen of Henllys, Pembrokeshire.
(a) Pages 1, 7-209, 223-232, 239-256 and possibly 372-373 are written by a scribe who, although experienced in penning a good secretary hand and in executing ornate headings, is often inaccurate in his transcription of Welsh personal and place-names; he also wrote the line 'Owain ap Gruffith /i/ gelwid Gwinn ap Gr: yn jawn' on p. 41, in italic (examples of the same italic hand are found in the margins of pp. 19, 66, 113, 355, 356, 361 and elsewhere). This section comprises a collection of pedigrees mostly of North Wales families, including 'Bonedd y Saint' (pp. 84-90); the prose text 'Pedwar Marchog ar Higen oedd yn llys Arthur' (end wanting) (pp. 37-38); the dates of battles in the 'Wars of the Roses' (pp. 31, 208); five englynion, including one by Richard Davies, bishop of St Davids (p. 1), and other englynion dispersed among the pedigrees (pp. 57, 78, 92, 114-115, 170), together with the series of forty englynion entitled 'Campod Manuwel' (pp. 223-232); and the prose piece 'Disgrifiad Arfau', a Welsh translation of the heraldic treatise 'Tractatus de Armis', attributed to John Trevor, bishop of St Asaph (pp. 239-256). The ultimate source of this section is the collection of pedigrees and other texts written, [c. 1510], by 'Syr' Tomas ab Ieuan ap Deicws in Peniarth MS 127 (see p. 53); however, internal evidence suggests that the scribe was copying from the transcript of Peniarth MS 127 in NLW MS 17112D rather than directly from the original (see p. 104, where he begins copying the note 'Darfu examinatio y llyfrev newydd hyd yma' which occurs on f. 66 verso of NLW MS 17112D, before he realized his mistake). Both Brogyntyn MS I.15 and NLW MS 17112D preserve the original order of the text of Peniarth MS 127, which has been subsequently disarranged in binding. (b) Pages 211-212, 269-371, 374-411 are written by another experienced scribe whose display script is almost indistinguishable from that of the first scribe. These pages contain pedigrees mostly of South Wales families and include two copies of 'Llyma enway Kwnkwerwyr y rhai a vyant yngwlad Vorgannwg ay harfay' (pp. 280, 361-362), a third containing merely a short list of the conquerors' names (p. 310), and two copies of 'Llyma achoed Saint ynys Brydain' [= 'Bonedd y Saint'] (pp. 363-365, 385-386). The text on pp. 211-212, as indicated by a note in the hand of George Owen of Henllys at the head of p. 211, was copied in 1596 from the manuscript of 'Hyw Lewis Sr morgan' of Hafodwen, Carmarthenshire, which 'D'd ap Ienkin m'edd o Vachynlleth' wrote in 1586; the original is now NLW MS 3055D (Mostyn MS 159), pp. 232-233. The text on pp. 271-343 is partly derived from a manuscript written in 1513 by the Carmarthenshire poet and genealogist Ieuan Brechfa for 'Mastr John ap Henry ap Rees', with some of the pedigrees brought down to the second half of the sixteenth century; Ieuan Brechfa's manuscript does not seem to have survived; it is not Peniarth MS 131, pp. 199-308, which is thought to be in his hand. The source of pp. 345-411 is unknown, although the text on pp. 347-365 follows very closely that in Peniarth MS 143, pp. [?1-3], 4, 47-48, 7-19, 33-46, 49-52, written by the same mid-sixteenth century scribe who wrote many of the religious texts in Cardiff Central Library Havod MS 22. A leaf containing a prophecy in English verse, written in a late-sixteenth century hand, has been tipped in after the main text (pp. 413-414).

Pedigree of Francis Vaughan of Yorkshire

  • NLW MS 24125G.
  • File
  • 1591

Pedigree and achievement, 1591, of Francis Vaughan (Vychan or Vichan, d. 1597), of [Sutton-upon-Derwent], Yorkshire, compiled by Thomas Jones (Twm Siôn Cati) of Fountain Gate, Cardiganshire, and probably executed by Richard Adams 'paynter of Ludlow' (c.f. NLW Roll 226), with fifty-three fully painted coats of arms, mostly impaled and many quartered.
The pedigree is traced from 'Kradog Vraychvras, Earle off Herefourde', 'Iustyn ap Gurgan, K[ing] of Glamorgan & Morganog', 'Ryes Tewder [Rhys ap Tewdwr], King off Southwales', 'Griffith ap Kynan, King off Northwales', and 'Bleddyn ap Kynvin, Prynce off Powys', as well as from Edward I. Additional information is enclosed in twelve cartouches, mostly scattered throughout the top third of the pedigree, with one each in the bottom corners. The pedigree most closely resembles 'Style 1' in Michael Powell Siddons, Welsh Pedigree Rolls (Aberystwyth, 1996), p. 11. Vaughan's grandfather was Thomas Vaughan of Porthaml, Talgarth, Breconshire; the family's association with Yorkshire began only with Francis's father, John, who settled there early in the reign of Elizabeth I. Francis Vaughan was chief steward of crown lands in the East Riding from 1580, High Sheriff of Yorkshire, 1594-95, and was killed in Ulster, in service to the crown, in July 1597.

Jones, Thomas, approximately 1530-approximately 1620

Pedigree of Gawen Goodman of Ruthin

  • NLW MS 24106G.
  • File
  • 1584

Pedigree and achievement, 1584, of Gawen Goodman of Ruthin, compiled by Simwnt Fychan and drawn by Richard Thomlyns of Denbigh, with eighty-eight other coats of arms, nearly all fully painted.
The pedigree shows Goodman's descent, through the female line, from twenty-five prominent ancestors, mostly Welsh, represented by twenty-five shields in two rows at the top of the pedigree; the arms of royal houses are surmounted by gold crowns. The remaining sixty-three coats of arms, the majority of which are impaled, are scattered throughout the pedigree. Personal names are enclosed in roundels. The pedigree includes Gawen's younger brother Gabriel (Dean of Westminster, 1561-1601) and other siblings, as well as Gawen's children and those of his other brother Godfrey. The achievement is placed at the lower right-hand base.

Thomlyns, Richard

Herald's Armorial, Vol. I

  • NLW MS 13697D
  • File
  • 1640-1660

A manuscript armorial of English and Welsh families entitled The nomenclature or Heralds Alphabett of Surnames, A-K (vol. I), with additional notes by Peter Le Neve (1661-1729), Norroy King at Arms. Painted coat-of-arms have been affixed to the manuscript at relevant points throughout the work.

Le Neve, Peter, 1661-1729

Account of Wales,

  • NLW MS 21895C.
  • File
  • [1561x1571] /

An unpublished historical and topographical account of Wales by John Gwynne of Llanidloes, co. Montgomery, Surveyor of North Wales and servant to Sir William Herbert, first Earl of Pembroke, the author's presentation copy to Sir William Cecil (later Lord Burghley), with a correction in Cecil's hand on f. 8 verso. The text, in English apart from Latin sub-headings, with marginal notes, is written in alternating Secretary and Italic scripts and is preceded by a dedicatory letter (f. 3 recto-verso). Folios 8-11 verso carry thirty-four coats of arms; and f. 20 verso carries a plan of the Welsh royal court similar to the illustrations found in BL Add. MS 22356 and NLW Llanstephan MS 116. A transcript of the same text, contained in Cardiff MS 3.11 (RMWL MS 50), pp. 27-94, has been published in Archaeologia Cambrensis 1915.

Gwynne, John, surveyor of North Wales.

Herald's Armorial, Vol. II

  • NLW MS 13698D
  • File
  • 1640-1660

A manuscript armorial of English and Welsh families entitled The nomenclature or Heralds Alphabett of Surnames, L-Z (vol. II), with additional notes by Peter Le Neve (1661-1729), Norroy King at Arms. Painted coats-of-arms have been affixed to the manuscript at relevant points throughout the work.

Le Neve, Peter, 1661-1729

The nobility & gentry of North Wales

A transcript of 'The Names and Arms of the Ancient Nobility and Gentry of North [and South] Wales', and of 'Englishmen and others ... possessed of Estates in Wales...', from a sixteenth century manuscript. The arms are blazoned and there is an index.