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C. Tawelfryn Thomas Papers,
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Barddoniaeth amrywiol,

Miscellaneous verse items in Welsh and English including [?holograph] copies of englynion and a cywydd by Ioan Anwyl, Pontypridd, two free-metre stanzas entitled 'Yr Ysgol Newydd a'r Castell Hen' [?Caerffili] by C. Tawelfryn Thomas, and 'Englynion i Ardalydd Môn' by [?William Williams (Gwilym Caledfryn), Dinbych]; a typescript copy of englynion entitled 'Anerch awen yn [oed]fa anrhegu y Parch. Tawelfryn Thomas ar ei ymddiswyddiad o fod yn weinidog Eglwys y Groeswen', [1926]; and a copy of the words of an English song entitled 'My Little Welsh Home', the words and music of which had been written by W. S. Gwynn Williams.


An unsigned elegy 'Llinellau hiraethlon ar ôl fy nghyfaill Dafydd Parry o War-y-llwyn, Tŵr-gwyn, 1837; a poem entitled 'Bedd newydd Joseph o Arimathea' by J. Ceulanydd William, Merthyr Tydfil, 1880; a poem entitled 'Trydaniaeth' by William Cosslett, 1883; 'pryddest goffadwriaethol am ... Thomas Isaac a William Protheroe', 1882; 'Pryddest ar y Gauaf' by D. Edwards; an elegy on Mrs. Edward Evans, Caerphilly by William Cosslett, with an English translation by Downing Evans, Newport; other poems by William Cosslett; and some unsigned poetry.

C. Tawelfryn Thomas Papers,

  • GB 0210 MSCTAWEL
  • Fonds
  • 1837-1938 /

Papers of the Rev. C. Tawelfryn Thomas, 1837-1938, comprising letters addressed to him from religious, literary and political figures, 1874-1938, mainly about biographical details of historical and contemporary ministers and poets, eisteddfod competitions, publication of books and articles, including Thomas's own work on Ieuan Gwynedd, the Independent College in Bala, personal matters, preaching engagements and ministers' appointments; stanzas composed by him; and poetry by William Cosslett (Gwilym Elian) and others, 1837-1903.

Thomas, C. Tawelfryn (Cadwaladr Tawelfryn), 1856-1939.

Gwaith Gwilym Elian ac eraill

Poems by William Cosslett (Gwilym Elian), mainly submitted for competition at eisteddfodau. The subjects include elegies on Alfred Homfray, 1862, W. Thomas, Y Gelli, Thomas James [sic] (Glan Alun), Mr. and Mrs. William Smith, 1903, and David Price, Blaina; eulogies of Messrs. Talbot and Vivian, 1864, Richard Hughes, Morriston, 1870, Dr. Henry Davies, 1872, John Glasbrook, Swansea, 1872, and Evan Williams, Nantgarw; an ode - 'Caradog yn Rhufain', 1873; a collection entitled 'Blodau Elian' intended for publication; a poem 'Mae ffordd i ladd ci heb ei grogi' by Thomas Williams (Brynfab); 'Gwladgarwch' by Lewis William Lewis (Llew Llwyfo); and 'Cymru Newydd' by C. Tawelfryn Thomas.

Cosslett, William, 1831-1904

Letters to C. Tawelfryn Thomas (A-O),

Letters, 1876-1915, mainly addressed to C. Tawelfryn Thomas, from R. G. Berry, Gwaelod-y-garth; E. Bush, Caerphilly, 1886; R. A. Caledfryn, London, 1876; D. E. Coleman, Mountain Ash, 1881; Charles Davies, Cardiff, 1889; David Davies, Weston-super-mare and Brighton, 1883-1888; Ebenezer Davies, Ruthin, 1880; J. Davies, Blackburn, 1892; John Davies, Pentyrch, 1888; J. R. Davies, Cardiff, 1893; John M. Davies, Menai Bridge, 1894; P. Davies, Pant-teg, 1894; T. R. Davies, Bala and Blaenau Ffestiniog, 1876-1883; Thomas Davies (Bethel), 1882; Thomas Davies, Treforris, 1893; W. Davies, Llandilo, 1896; Thomas Charles Edwards, Aberystwyth, 1889; Wmffre Elis, Llangwm, 1878; D. Silyn Evans, Aberdare; E. Herber Evans, Caernarvon and Bangor, 1888-1894; J. T. Evans, Bodringallt, 1889; James D. Evans, Pontypridd, 1915; M. O. Evans, Wrexham, 1902; T. Penry Evans, Pontardulais, 1887; J. Foulkes, Aberavon, 1889; Thomas Gee, Denbigh, 1887; D. Griffith, Dolgellau, 1888; G. Pennar Griffiths, Merthyr Vale, 1887; Dr. Griffith Griffiths, Barry, 1902; H. Griffiths, Swansea, 1885; Ivor Griffith, Llanfair Caereinion, 1908; R. Griffiths, Cefn Coed y Cymer, 1890; H. Hughes, Llandudno, 1887; H. M. Hughes, Brecon and Cardiff, 1886; Thomas Hughes, Cardiff, 1894; Lewis James, Narberth, 1901; W. James, Swansea and Porth, 1894; E. Jenkins, Swansea, 1882-1891; W. Jenkins, Swansea, 1885; W. G. Jenkins, Huddersfield; D. S. Jones, Chwilog and Penmaenmawr, 1877-1893; Evan D. Jones, London, 1890; J. Jones, Mynyddislwyn, 1885-1889; J. Bowen Jones, Brecon, 1889; J. Cynddylan Jones, Cardiff, 1890-1894; J. Grawys Jones, Trecynon, 1889; J. R. Kilsby Jones, Llanwrtyd, 1882; Owen Jones, Mountain Ash, 1890; R. Jones, Gyffylliog, 1878; Rachel Evan Jones, Abergavenny, 1881; R. Puw Jones, Pencader, 1890; J. Towyn Jones, Garnant, 1890; W. E. Jones (Penllyn), 1894; W. Emlyn Jones, Morriston, 1889-1890; Watkin B. Joseph (Y Myfyr), Colwyn Bay, 1880; David Lewis, Llanelly, 1889; David Lewis, Hirwain, 1890; E. R. Lewis, Scranton (writing from Llanharan), 1885; H. Lewis, Greenmeadow, 1915; Lewis W. Lewis (Llew Llwyfo), 1888; Thomas Lewis, Bangor, 1888-1891; D. Morgan, Resolven, 1890; W. I. Morris, Pontypridd, 1883; William John Nicholson, Cardiff, Swansea, and Liverpool, 1886-1889; D. Oliver, Holywell, 1887; Henry Oliver, Bristol, 1884-1888; John Owen, Warden of Llandovery College, 1889; O. R. Owen, Glan-dŵr, 1888; O. Roger Owen, Holyhead, 1885; Richard Owen, Aberystwyth, 1887; and W. Owen, Llanharan and Hankow, 1876-1880.

Letters to C. Tawelfryn Thomas (P-Z),

Letters, 1870-1909, mainly addressed to C. Tawelfryn Thomas, from John Parry, Bala, 1886; Dr. Joseph Parry, 1895; William John Parry, Bethesda, 1886; R. E. Peregrine, Rhymney, 1890; T. Tegryn Phillips, Hebron, 1888; T. Pennant Phillips, Llandyssul, 1902; T. Talwyn Phillips, Pencader, 1886; T. C. Price, Ffaldybrenin, 1886; Lewis Probert, Brecon, 1898; Bowen Rees, Bala, 1883; D. G. Rees, Whitchurch, 1889; E. Rees, Blundellsands, 1909; Evan Rees (Dyfed), 1882; Henry Rees, Chester and Valley, 1877-1903; J. Machreth Rees, Pentrefoelas, 1884; John Rees, Birmingham, 1870; Thomas Rees, Brecon, 1909; Thomas Rees, Swansea, 1882; William Rees, Llechryd, 1880; David Roberts (Dewi Ogwen), 1880-90; Edward Roberts, Pontypridd, 1885; Eleazar Roberts, Hoylake, 1908; Gwylfa Roberts, Llanelly, 1908; J. Alun Roberts, Cardiff, 1887; Ll. B. Roberts, Caernarvon, 1894; E. Roberts, Ruthin, 1886; O. L. Roberts, Pwllheli, 1894; T. Roberts, Mold, 1888; W. Roberts, Liverpool, 1884-6; J. Rogers, Pembrey, 1885; R. Rowlands, Aberaman; Alfred Thomas, [Pontypridd], 1887-95; Daniel Thomas, Caerphilly, 1890; John Thomas, Liverpool, 1882-3; John Thomas, Llanwrtyd, 1882; John Thomas, Merthyr, 1882-1909; Robert Thomas, Landore, 1888-9; S. Thomas, Newmarket, 1889; Thomas Thomas, Cardiff, 1888; Thomas Thomas, Trecynon, 1905; W. Keinion Thomas, Llanfairfechan, 1894; Elizeus Williams (Eifion Wyn), 1908; H. J. Williams (Plenydd), 1886; J. O. Williams (Pedrog), 1887-94; Rowland Williams (Hwfa Môn), 1885-9; Thomas Williams (Brynfab), 1908; T. Rhondda Williams, Brighton, 1909; and Watkin Hezekiah Williams (Watcyn Wyn), 1897-1905.

Letters to the Rev. C. Tawelfryn Thomas (A-G)

Thirty-one holograph and autograph letters and postcards (surnames A-G), 1874-1934, addressed to the Rev. C. Tawelfryn Thomas. Frequent references to the Rev. Evan Jones (Ieuan Gwynedd) in the correspondence relate mostly to Thomas's biography, Cofiant Darluniadol Mewn Rhyddiaeth a Chân i'r Diweddar Barch. Evan Jones... (Dolgellau, 1909).
The correspondents are [Professor, aft. Sir] E[dward] Anwyl, Aberystwyth, 1896 (2) (a letter to Dr. [Andrew Martin] Fairbairn [principal] of Mansfield College, Oxford, on behalf of a student, the Anglican influence at Oxford, a tendency by students to reject religion, the influence of Dr. Fairbairn and Mansfield College); [the Rev.] R[obert] G[riffith] Berry, Gwaelod y Garth, [18]96 and undated (2) (preaching engagements); Ben Bowen, Ton, Pentre, [19]02 (the writer's ill health, his voyage to [South] Africa, the return trip via the Red Sea, a visit to Pompeii and Naples); [the Rev.] B[en] Davies, C[astell] N[ewydd] Emlyn, 1929 (autobiographical details); Evan Davies, Bala, 1902 (information relating to [?the Rev.] W[illiam] J[ones, 1784-1847, Congregational minister] and his father); [John Davies] (Taliesin Hiraethog), [the] Green, [nr] Denbigh, 1888 (thanks for the list of competitions at Caerphilly eisteddfod, preparatory work on a pryddest on the subject '[Henry Morton] Stanley', sending recipient copies of his awdlau 'Gorsedd' and 'Unigedd' and his rhieingerdd '[Elwy ac] Alwen', leisure hours spent in adjudicating and organising literary meetings, a chair won by [the Rev. William Thomas] (Glanffrwd) at Dolgellau, favourable opinions of the awdl 'Victoria'); T[homas] J[ones] Dyke, Merthyr Tudful, [18]95 (a request for recollections of the Rev. Griffith Hughes [1775-1839, Congregational minister]); Owen M[organ] Edwards, Llanuwchllyn, 1915 (2) (an article and booklet by recipient on the Rev. J. D. Williams [1823-56, Congregational minister]; see Cymru, cyf. XLIX, and C. T. Thomas, Y Diweddar Barch. J. D. Williams… (Caernarfon, 1915)); W. T. Edwards, Cardiff, 1906-14 (2) (a memorial tablet by Goscombe John ? to be set up in the chapel at Whitecross (Y Groes-wen), reluctance to become a trustee ? of recipient's church); Beriah [Gwynfe Evans], Caernarfon, 1900 (attacks on the writer's book [Diwygwyr Cymru (Caernarfon, 1900)] in Yr Herald Cymraeg [19, 26 June 1900], points relating to the said book particularly its treatment of Howell Harris); the Rev. D[aniel] Gwenffrwd Evans, Gelli, Pentre, 1926 (recipient's impending retirement, preaching engagements); [the Rev.] D[avid] Silyn Evans, Aberdar, [undated] (a request for an article for Dysgedydd y Plant); [the Rev.] D[avid] Tecwyn Evans, Birkenhead, 1917 (2) (preaching engagements); [the Rev.] E[van] H[erber] Evans, Carnarvon, 1874 (personal, preaching engagements, a call to the writer from a church in Bath, points relating to Y Dysgedydd); Hugh Evans (publisher), Liverpool, 1934 (thanks for material received, the writer's proposed book on fairy tales [Y Tylwyth Teg (Liverpool, 1935)]); John Evans, Merthyr Tydfil, [19]19 (appreciation of recipient's short biography of the Rev. J. D. Williams [see above]); the Rev. Owen Evans (co-editor of Y Dysgedydd), Liscard, 1908 (forwarding reminiscences of Ieuan Gwynedd); W. Evans, Aberayron, [18]88 (information re the Rev. M[oses] Rees [1796-1856, Congregational minister]); Thomas Gee (publisher), Denbigh, 1885 (the adoption of Mr. Alfred Thomas [aft. baron Pontypridd] as prospective [parliamentary] candidate by the Liberals [in the East Glamorgan constituency]); D[avid] Lloyd George, House of Commons, 1894 (recipient's approval of the attitude taken by the writer, [David Alfred] Thomas [MP for Merthyr, aft. viscount Rhondda], and [Francis] Edwards [MP for Radnorshire, aft. 1st bart.], would recipient write to Alfred Thomas [MP for East Glamorgan], the need to direct public opinion 'so as to form a thoroughly strong independent Welsh party'); Ifor Griffith, Llanfair Caereinion, [19]08 (a promise to obtain information re Ieuan Gwynedd); and the Rev. Alex[ander] B[alloch] Grosart (of Dublin), from Llanfairfechan and Barmouth, 1896 (5) (enquiries concerning a copy of the poems of the Rev. William Williams (Caledfryn), namely Caniadau Caledfryn [(Llanrwst, 1856)], and of the account of his life [Cofiant Caledfryn, ed. By Thomas Roberts (Bala, 1877)], comments on the poem 'Y Gog').

Letters to the Rev. C. Tawelfryn Thomas (J-O)

Thirty-seven holograph and autograph letters and postcards (surnames J-O), 1877-1931, addressed to the Rev. C. Tawelfryn Thomas. Frequent references to the Rev. Evan Jones (Ieuan Gwynedd) in the correspondence relate mostly to Thomas's biography, Cofiant Darluniadol Mewn Rhyddiaeth a Chân i'r Diweddar Barch. Evan Jones... (Dolgellau, 1909).
The correspondents are D[avid] Emrys James (Dewi Emrys), Pontypridd, 1912 (personal, the writer's pryddest on Ieuan Gwynedd); C. R. Jones, Llanfyllin, 1897 (2) (matters relating to the periodical Y Dysgedydd, contributions by recipient); Evan Jones, Plas, Chwilog, [undated] (information re Ellis Owen [1789-1868, farmer and poet, of Cefn-y-meysydd, parish of Ynyscynhaearn], reminiscences of Owen Owens (Owain Lleyn), farmer and poet, of Bodnithoedd, Llyn); [the Rev.] E[van] T[alfryn] Jones, Llanelly, 1912 (arrangements for a lecture, Christmas greetings in verse); [the Rev.] H[ugh] Jones, Birkenhead, [undated] (arrangements for a collection in the writer's church on behalf of the [Independent] College [at Bala], difficulties in connection therewith arising from the controversy concerning [the Rev.] M[ichael] D[aniel] J[ones] and the two constitutions, plans to build a new chapel); [Humphrey B. Jones] Garmonydd, Pontypridd, 1884 (lectures by the writer); [the Rev.] J[ohn] Morgan Jones, Cardiff, 1897 (recipient's book on [the Rev. Griffith] Hughes, Y Groes wen, complaints that Beriah Gwynfe Evans was creating denominational strife); [the Rev.] J[osiah] Towyn Jones, Penydarren, Carmarthen, and Cwmamman, [18]81-6 (3) (personal, news of acquaintances, 'ystori Dr. Tom a phregethwyr Aberdar'); [the Rev.] R[ichard] W[illiam] Jones, Caergybi, 1927 (a request for information for a proposed biography of [the Rev.] J[ohn] Puleston Jones [published Caernarfon, 1930]); Tho[ma]s Jones, Cerrigellgwm, Ysbyty Ifan, [19]31 (childhood reminiscences, stories about [William Rees] Gwilym Hiraethog, the writer's volume B[eirdd] Uwch Aled [(Llundain, 1930)], a poem, ?by the writer, which had won a chair at Llanrwst, the writer's forthcoming volume of verse [Pitar Puw a'i Berthynasau (Aberystwyth, 1932)]); [the Rev.] W[atkin] B[ronfryn] Joseph (Y Myfyr), Colwyn Bay, 1881 (2) (impressions of Colwyn Bay and North Wales, ?an inclination to move to South Wales, decision to go to Utica [U.S.A., as pastor of the Welsh Congregational Church there], a call to [the Rev. Owen Evans] 'y brawd o Lanbrynmair' to become pastor of Fetter Lane [Congregational Church], London, preaching engagements); [the Rev.] T[homas] Lewis [The Independent College], Bala and Bangor, 1881-9 (8) (personal, college affairs, an offer of £1,500 to the college by [Samuel] Morley, [MP] (1885), the college library (1888), recommending a student named H. P. Thomas as a potential pastor (1889)); [the Rev.] W[illiam] Lloyd, Tredegar, [19]08 (replying to a request for information re Ieuan [Gwynedd]); J. C. Meggitt, Barry, 1926 (the writer's nomination as chairman of the Congregational Union); Eluned [Morgan of Patagonia], Cardiff, [undated] (3) (personal, a trip to North Wales, offering to lecture at Groeswen, sending a copy of one of her publications, the illness of her father, preparations for returning to Patagonia); O[wen] Morien Morgan, Pontypridd, 1903-17 (2) (notes on [the Rev. Jabez Edmund Jenkins] Creidiol, scriptural allusions); R. O. Morris, Porthmadog, [18]79 (recipient's call to Y Groeswen [Congregational Church]); [the Rev.] W[illiam] Nicholson, Liverpool, 1879-82 (2) (personal, activity in the writer's church [Grove Street Congregational Church], the painting of the chapel, alterations to the pulpit, the controversy relating to the Independent College, Bala, a suggestion that personal animosity between [the Rev.] Dr. J[ohn] Thomas [of Liverpool] and Professor [Michael Daniel] Jones [of Bala] was hindering a settlement, a danger that the denomination might end up with two colleges in Bala); [the Rev.] Henry Oliver, Bristol, 1908 (information re Ieuan Gwynedd); [the Rev.] O[wen] Lloyd Owen, Birkenhead, [19]12 (the writer's acceptance of a call to Sardis [Congregational Church, Pontypridd]); and William Owen, Llanharan, 1877-8 (2) (a preaching journey collecting [on behalf of the Independent College, Bala], references to the controversy relating to the college, the writer's ordination).

Letters to the Rev. C. Tawelfryn Thomas (P-W),

Fifty-five holograph and autograph letters and postcards (surnames P-W), 1879-1938, addressed to the Rev. C. Tawelfryn Thomas. Frequent references to the Rev. Evan Jones (Ieuan Gwynedd) in the correspondence relate mostly to Thomas's biography, Cofiant Darluniadol Mewn Rhyddiaeth a Chân i'r Diweddar Barch. Evan Jones... (Dolgellau, 1909).
The correspondents are [the Rev.] B[enjamin] Phillips, Temple Bar, Talsarn, [18]98 (information re the Rev. M[oses] Rees [1796-1856, Congregational minister]); Tho[ma]s Price, Ffaldybrenin, Llandeilo, 1886 (the MSS. of Mr. Hughes, Groeswen); [the Rev. Evan Rees] (Dyfed), Cardiff, 1881-[19]15 (3) (a preaching engagement, an enquiry re verses by [the Rev. William Williams] 'yr hen Bantycelyn', the death of [William Williams] (Ap Caledfryn) in 1915); [the Rev. Jonathan] Machreth [Rees], Penygroes and London, 1889-1903 (3) (personal, a meeting at Rhyl ? relating to the Independent College, Bala (1889), preaching engagements, an offer to lecture at Y Groeswen, mention of ? ministerial acquaintances); [Sarah Jane Rees] (Cranogwen), Llangranog, [19]08 (personal); [the Rev.] Thomas Rees, Abertawy, 1882 (statistics of membership of [Congregational] churches in Wales); [Principal] T[homas] Rees, Bala-Bangor Independent College, Bangor, 1912-15 (2) (collections for the college); [the Rev.] J. Alun Roberts, Carnarvon and Trefriw, 1882 (4) (preaching engagements); J[oh]n H. Roberts, Casnewydd ar Wysg, [19]07 (a lecture by recipient); [the Rev.] Ll[oyd] B[ryniog] Roberts, Caernarfon, 1888 (personal, news of acquaintances); [the Rev. Richard] Gwylfa [Roberts], Porthdinorwic, 1896 (personal, preaching engagements); Principal T[homas] F[rancis] Roberts, University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, 1906-07 (2) (personal); [Robert David Rowland] (Anthropos), Caernarfon, 1880 (personal); [the Rev.] E[dward] Stephen [Tanymarian], [18]82-4 (3) (preaching engagements, enclosing an englyn, comments on an unspecified book, the publication of sermons, etc.); Alfred Thomas, London, 1908 (2) (a search for copies of the periodicals The Standard of Freedom and The Pathway, an article or chapter (in English) the writer was contributing to recipient's proposed biography of Ieuan Gwynedd); Alfred Thomas [MP for East Glamorganshire, aft. baron Pontypridd], London, 1901 (wishing recipient luck in a School Board election, recipient's aid to the writer in his first parliamentary election); [Sir] D[aniel] Lleufer Thomas, Whitchurch and Swansea, 1932-5 (2) (personal, material given by recipient to the [National] Library [of Wales], suggestions re more such material); Dewi Thomas, Torquay, [19]32 (personal, forwarding a copy of [James] Rendel Harris, The Guiding Hand of God); [Edward Thomas] (Cochfarf), [undated] (extracts from George Eyre Evans, Cardiganshire… its Antiquities… [(Aberystwyth, 1903)] relating to Zoar Congregational Church, Llanbadarn, and [the Rev.] Azariah Shadrach [1774-1844, Congregational minister]); [the Rev.] John Thomas, Merthyr, 1890 (preaching engagements); [the Rev.] J[ohn] Evelyn Thomas, Bournemouth, [190]9 (personal, recipient's book on Ieuan Gwynedd, reference to 'the Disestab[lishment] question'); Tho[ma]s Thomas, Pontypridd, 1879 (3) (preparations for ordaining recipient as minister [of Groes Wen and associated Congregational Churches], news of the churches, comments on the controversy relating to the Independent College, Bala); Thomas Thomas [?the same as in the preceding letters], Trecynon, 1904-05 (3) (personal, the religious revival in Trecynon, a proposed visit to Groes Wen by revivalists from Trecynon); D. J. Williams, County School, Bethesda, [19]38 (the writer's attempt to compile a list of former students of Bala-Bangor [Independent College]); [Eliseus Williams] (Eifion Wyn), Porthmadog, [18]97-[19]08 and [undated] (7) (personal, preaching engagements, enclosing a draft of six stanzas in memory of Ieuan [Gwynedd]); [the Rev.] J[ohn] J[ames] Williams, Pentre, [undated] (enclosing englynion [relating to Ieuan Gwynedd]); [the Rev. John Owen Williams] (Pedrog), Liverpool, 1894 (inclination not to accept a call to Tabernacle [Congregational] Church, Ynysybwl); [the Rev. Rowland Williams] (Hwfa Môn), Bryn Hwfa, 1885 (a ?lecturing engagement at Y Groeswen); [the Rev. Watkin Hezekiah Williams] (Watcyn Wyn), Ammanford, 1896-1904 (2) (personal, a preaching engagement, enclosing englynion to the graveyard at Groes Wen (1896), and four stanzas (missing) composed in seeing a certain portrait of Ieuan Gwynedd); W[illiam] Williams, Medical Officer of Health, Glamorgan County Council, Cardiff, 1908 (information relating to Ieuan Gwynedd); and J. Wilson [London], 1893 (Joseph Chamberlain's attitude to the [Welsh Church] Suspensory Bill).

Llythyrau oddi wrth R. Ffoulkes Edwards

Four holograph letters (one incomplete), May-June 1867, from R[ichard] Ffoulkes Edwards (Rhisiart Ddu o Wynedd), from Trefnant, Rhyl, and New York City, to J. R. Davies, concerning the writer's proposed emigration to America, the voyage to New York on board the Nebraska carrying eight hundred emigrants, and impressions of New York.

Ddu, Risiart, O Wynedd, 1836-1870