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Wales -- History
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Historical notes,

A volume of historical material in the hand of Robert Roberts ('Y Sgolor Mawr'), including a list of Hengwrt manuscripts extracted from Archaeologia Cambrensis, 1869; extracts from the Domesday Chronicle; a list of chief tenants of the counties of Anglesey, Caernarvon, and Merioneth, 1344; and an incomplete draft essay on the early history of Britain and Wales.

Llyfr torion,

A scrap-book compiled by John Jones ('Myrddin Fardd') containing miscellaneous press cuttings entitled 'Ffurfiad y Genedl Gymreig' by J. E. Lloyd, 'o Goleg Aberystwyth' (?from Y Drych), 'Y Gymraeg a'r Llydaweg' by Aneurin Jones ('Aneurin Fardd'), 'Celtiaid Cymru, a'u Llenyddiaeth', 'Hanes yr Hen Eglwys Brydeinig' (trans. Herbert Jones), 'Penod yn Hanes Cymru' by O. M. Williams, Wymore, Nebraska, 'Y Llan a'r Llyfr' by B. D. Johns, Llwynypia, 'Olion y Goresgyniad Gwyddelig yng Ngwynedd' by the late Owen Williamson, 'Llew Llwyfo yn y De', 'Y diweddar Ebenezer Lloyd [Edwardsville, Pa.]' by 'Melindwr', 'Porthmona yn yr hen amser' by Ellis Pierce ('Elis o'r Nant'), 'Yn Hen Gapel y Pandy' by [Howell Roberts] 'Hywel Tudur', etc.

Notes,

Notes, transcripts and drafts of articles published by Egerton Phillimore, 1881-1937, relating to manuscripts, history, literature, genealogy, place-names, grammar, etymology and other linguistic matters, primarily concerning Wales but also including material pertaining to England, Scotland and Ireland, as well as continental Europe. Interspersed among the notes are occasional diary entries and drafts of letters, usually relating to the same topics, as well as containing personal material.

Miscellanies

Two volumes of miscellaneous transcripts mainly in the hand of Walter Davies (Gwallter Mechain, 1761-1849), relating to the antiquities, history, topography, language, and literature of Wales. They include catalogues of Welsh manuscripts; transcripts of manuscripts of Evan Evans (Ieuan Brydydd Hir), of letters of Edward Lhuyd, Lewis Morris, Goronwy Owen, etc., of Strata Marcella abbey charters, of monumental inscriptions, of Evan Evans's transcripts of Richard Farrington's archaeological notes, etc.; notes on Llanerfyl, Llangadfan, and Garthbeibio, written by William Jones, Llangadfan, and sent by him, with letters, to Walter Davies; a letter, 1792, from Edward Williams (Iolo Morganwg) to Walter Davies; an extract, by Lewis Morris, from his Celtic Remains; Marwnad Lewis Morys ... by Goronwy Owen, in the autograph of Evan Evans; etc. Both volumes are indexed.

Evans, Evan, 1731-1788

'Llyfr Coch Asaph'

A miscellaneous collection of records mainly relating to Wales compiled towards the middle of the seventeenth century. -- The manuscript begins on page 53 with extracts from 'Llyfr Coch Asaph', with the additions from the hand of William Bullocke, as in Peniarth MS 231 - a manuscript written by Robert Vaughan, Hengwrt, and most probably the immediate source of the Nefydd version; the 'summa' of 'Llyfr Coch Asaph' compiled in 1602, which is also contained in Peniarth MS 231, as well as the list of contents of another St. Asaph record - the 'liber pergamenus' which is now deposited with the Church in Wales records at the National Library; a transcript of a record of proceedings on a writ of quare impedit brought by the Prince of Wales against Howel Gymen and a hundred and seventeen others, touching the advowson of a prebend in the collegiate church of Holyhead ('prebenda de Castro Keby') supplied by 'Mr. Ellice the Councellor'; a collection of historical records relating to Wales taken directly from the hand of Robert Vaughan in Peniarth MS 236; a transcript of the 'Historia Britonum' of Nennius, copied out of a book given to John Selden by William Camden, compared with a version in 'Oxford Library' under the name of 'Gilda Minor', and ending with an extract from a Cottonian manuscript (pp. 245-88); a copy of the statutes of Chester Cathedral, temp. Henry VIII (pp. 289-310); 'Ymrafaelion henwau Ynys Brydain', etc. - seventeen chapters of pseudo-history and description of the Isle of Britain (cf. slightly different versions in Peniarth MSS 163 and 215), with a supplement containing accounts of place-names not included in the main text, a reference to the earthquake of 1574/5, the wonders of Scotland and Ireland, the conversion of the various British nations to Christianity, and 'y naw helwriaeth', 'mesurau cerdd dant', and 'trioedd mab y krinwas' (pp. 312-49). -- At the end of the volume are a number of documents relating to Cheshire and Flintshire - a note of entail of Flintshire lordships, Flintshire rents of assize, the customs of Dee mills and other records taken from a book of Edward Whitby, recorder of Chester, and a transcript of Robert Vaughan's copy of the fealty roll of the Prince of Wales, 29 Edward I .

Bullocke, William

The Richards and Edwards families of Cardiff and Llandaff : Genealogical notes

  • NLW MS 16921E.
  • File
  • [1823x1860]

Family trees and genealogical notes and extracts relating to the Richards family of Cardiff and the Edwards family of Llandaff House (ff. 1-14 verso); historical notes relating to Wales and the Marches (ff. 15-26 verso); a licence, dated 1 December 1823 and signed by George IV and Sir Charles George Young, granting Thomas William Richards the right to adopt the surname of Edwards and to bear the arms of that family (f. 27); notes relating to the murder of William Powell of Glanareth, Carmarthenshire in 1770 (ff. 28-30); letters to Thomas William Edwards from Francis E. Stacey, 1848, ?vicar of Cardiff, and from Thomas [?John] Powell, rector of Llanhamlach, 1857, both relating to genealogical matters (ff. 31-34); and an extract from the pedigree of George Rice Rice-Trevor, 4th baron Dynevor (f. 35).

Humphrey Lhuyd's History of Wales,

  • NLW MS 23202B
  • File
  • [16 cent., second ½]

A volume, second half of XVI cent., probably in the hand of Thomas Powell (d. 1588), Parc y Drewen, Whittington, co. Salop, containing a much shortened text of Humphrey Lhuyd's English version of Brut y Tywysogion, upon which version David Powel based his Historie of Cambria, now called Wales ... (London, 1584) (see Brut y Tywysogion ... ed. Thomas Jones (Cardiff, 1952), pp. xiv-xviii. Omissions mainly involve passages relating to events outside Wales, church affairs and the papacy, anecdotes, explanations of Welsh personal and place-names, and the arguments against Polydore Vergil). Also included are a pedigree of the kings and princes of North Wales from Cadwaladr to Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (ff. iv-v verso), a painted coat of arms of Cadwaladr (f. 1), and an index of personal and place-names (ff. 168-70 verso). Six lines of English verse are added in a contemporary hand on f. 171 verso.

Powell, Thomas, d. 1588

Traethawd ar hanes Cymru,

  • NLW MS 23562D.
  • File
  • [19 gan., canol] /

An incomplete essay, [mid-19 cent.], on the history of Wales from the time of Vortigern to that of Owain Glyndŵr by John Edwards (Eos Glan Twrch).

Edwards, J. (John), 1806-1887.

British Antiquities Revived

A draft tract entitled 'Proofes drawne from authorities and other reasons why Cadelh prince of Southwales was the eldest sonne of Roderic the greate (kinge of Wales) and that he and his issue after him had a superioritie over the rest of Wales and his two bretheren and the descendantes from them' by, and in the autograph of, Robert Vaughan of Hengwrt. The substance of this tract was subsequently incorporated in Vaughan's British Antiquities Revived (Oxford, 1662). The volume contains both the arguments and answers set forth by Vaughan and therefore differs considerably from Peniarth MS 277 which contains only the arguments.
Pasted inside the front cover is a short description of the volume in the form of a cutting from Messrs. Sotheby, Wilkinson and Hodge’s Sale Catalogue of the Mostyn Library (1919), p. 22.

Vaughan, Robert, 1592-1667

Documents relating to Wales

'Antiquarian and Historical Documents &c. relating to Wales', including transcripts by John Jenkins of abstracts and extracts made by John Lloyd, Caerwys, from Sebright manuscripts.

Letters to Saunders Lewis,

Fifty-three letters and cards, 1948-1974, from the artist and writer David Jones to Saunders Lewis, discussing his creative work, the Welsh language, aspects of Welsh and Classical antiquity and literature, the Roman Catholic faith and culture in general. Drawing on f. 51 and inscriptions on ff. 10-13, 29 verso, 36 verso, 44 verso. Also included are three letters, 1937, from David Jones to Margaret Lewis, written during her husband's imprisonment (ff. 91-3 verso) and a copy of a speech by David Jones, delivered in absentia when he was awarded the honorary degree of DLitt by the University of Wales in 1960 (ff. 21-7).

David Jones.

The Hidden Kingdom,

A copy of a draft typescript outline, with manuscript revision, by Emyr Humphreys (b. 1919), of 'The Hidden Kingdom', a proposed volume of essays on the history and traditions of Wales to be edited by him, together with a covering letter, 1979, from the author to Saunders Lewis.

Emyr Humphreys.

Welsh literature and philology,

Drafts of articles relating to Welsh literature and history and to Celtic institutions; lists of Welsh words derived from English and of words common to both branches of the Celtic family; and a poem entitled 'Rhiangerdd Gwenfalwy o Gastell Caerphili' by 'Idwal Trefor', 1874.

Sir Edward Anwyl.

Hanes tair sir ar ddeg Cymru

A transcript, made for Edmund J. Jones in 1902 by D. J. Llewelyn (Talnant), of an edition printed by J. Eddowes, Shrewsbury, of Dafydd Thomas : Hanes Tair Sir ar Ddeg Cymru.

Llewelyn, Daniel Jones, fl. 1902-1942

Notes on history,

Extracts on ancient and Welsh history, etc., partly in the hand of James Evans, Trefayog. Some of the extracts are dated at Bristol, 6 October, [17]97.

James Evans and others.

Miscellanea,

A volume (pp. 5-310) containing items of an extremely varied nature in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Included, pagination in brackets, are lists or groups of Welsh words, sometimes with English definitions or equivalents or notes (17, 25, 29, 34, 38, 43, 47, 53, 80-82, 89, 102, 125-6, 134, 142, 157, 161, 170, 182, 196, 203, 219-20, 225, 235-6, 238, 242, 245, 247, 263, 282, 292); extracts from Aneurin's 'Gododdin' headed 'Silldorriadau Gododin' (119-20); notes, sometimes very brief, on or relating to Welsh bardism (21, 27, 57, 72, 127, 156, 187, 192-3, 195, 244, 258), song writing (32), the characteristics of the work of Cattwg, Taliesin, and Aneurin (32), the coming of the Cymry to Britain from Deffrobani and their loss of sovereignty to the Romans and Saxons (36), the knowledge of letters amongst the ancient Britons (37), King Arthur's court (46), the 'modern literary dialect of the Welsh' and the medieval prose and verse of South Wales (49), Welsh poetic metres called ' traethodyn milwr', 'traethodyn cwtta', and 'traethodyn chweban' (52), Merfyn Gwawdrych, 9th cent., and his contemporaries (61), the poet Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys, ? early 17th cent. (69), 'cynghanedd' and the Welsh strict poetic metres with references to an 'eisteddfod' in the time of Ifor ab Ifor of Maeshaleg, a bardic assembly at the monastery of Penrys [co. Glamorgan], temp. Edward IV, when Gwilym Tew exhibited an 'awdl', etc. (77- 8), white blackbirds and sparrows seen at Landough and wild canaries at Lantwit [co. Glamorgan] (98), the relinquishment or retention of ancient arts by nations in proportion to their progress (104), Siôn Rhydderch and his Welsh grammar [Grammadeg Cymraeg, 1728] (119), the use of the prefixes an- and di- in Welsh (133), 'Tair Cynghanedd Anianol' (150 ), 'Cynghanedd ewinog' (151), the use of various rhymes and 'cynganeddion' in Welsh (152), bardic 'cadeiriau' of or at Llanfihangel Glyn Afan, 1355, Llangynwyd, 1452, Y Wenar, 1462, and Tir Iarll, 1488 (159), the two sounds of the letter Y in Welsh (160), the bardic 'Cadair Tir Iarll' (185), the construction of 'Coelbren y Beirdd' (242), the bard Owain ap Rhydderch, late 15th cent. (273), and manifestations or representations of God (290- 91); transcripts of Welsh poems or stanzas of Welsh poems or extracts therefrom attributed to Llelo Llantrisaint sef Llywelyn ap Hywel ap Ieuan ap Gronw (23), [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (50, 68, 82, 87, 217), ? Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys (69), Llawdden (129-30), Wm. Moses (149), Taliesin (240, 242), Thos. Daf. Miles (266), Syr Roger Cyffin 'offeiriad Llanberis' (267), and Risiart Fychan 'o Gors y Gedol' (268); transcripts of unattributed Welsh poems including stanzas of hymn-tunes (23-4, 30, 34, 45, 51, 104, 115, 116, 121, 128, 1311, 148, 175, 191, 213, 232-3, 234, 274 + 283, 278-80); transcripts of English poems (107, 197, 212, 261, 284 + 273); miscellaneous Welsh triads (33, 172, 206, 247); short lists of Welsh proverbs or proverbial sayings (48, 167, 176, 231, 293); a prescription for the cure of rheumatism (50); an anecdote relating to the struggle between Caradawc ab Bran ap Llyr and the Romans, the burning of forests in Britain, and the building by Manawydan fab Llyr of a prison called 'Carchar Oeth ag Anoeth' from the bones of those slain in battle, allegedly extracted from [a manuscript called] the 'Yniales' (65-8; for another copy of the anecdote see NLW MS 13152A above); a prefatory note to an intended collection of proverbs, moral aphorisms, etc., allegedly composed or compiled by Cattwg Ddoeth (73-4); a list of old Welsh musical instruments ('Offerynau Cerdd arwest yr hen Gymry') (80); a transcript of the opening paragraph of an alleged version of 'Gramadeg Einiawn Offeiriad' (83); notes on (a) the situation and extent, and (b) the divisions of the county of Glamorgan being sections 1 and 2 of a projected chapter to be headed 'Geographical State and Circumstances' which presumably would have been Chapter 1 of a work on the said county (91-2); an incomplete list of bardic, literary, and other topics in English and Welsh, e.g. 'Cannons of Etymology', 'Miscellanies relating to Welsh poetry', 'Achau Saint Ynys Prydain', 'MSS. in Jesus College Library', under the superscription 'Collecting Sheets 8vo' (99); a list of nine topics such as 'Diarhebion Morganwg Annosparthus', 'Mangofion Gwynedd 1799', etc. (101); (continued)

A list of thirteen topics, e.g. 'Princes of Southwales', 'Anecdotes of Howel Dda', 'Meddygon Myddfai', etc., headed 'For Mr. Rees, Caermarthen' (105); copies of memorial inscriptions ? in St. Athan parish church (107-08); a list of six rules headed 'Unitarian Discipline' (113); a list of fifteen topics or personal names of a varying nature, e.g. 'Llangyndeyrn Marble at Caerm[arthe]n', 'Donne the Satirist', 'Taly Llycheu Church, D.G.' (114); a list of eight 'Ysgriflyfrau gan Iolo Morganwg 1800' (127); a list of Welsh proverbial sayings or advisory precepts some in verse form and some attributed to Cattwg Ddoeth (141, 144-6); a list of the names of six series of Welsh triads (147); a list of the names of thirteen persons headed 'Selfeducated persons in Glamorgan Vale' and a second list containing the names of eight persons headed 'Glamorgan Mountains' the persons named in this list apparently belonging to the same category as those in the first list (158); a list of eight topics or items, e.g. 'Llythyrau Dafydd o'r Nant', 'Rheolau Tudur Aled', etc., which were to be included in an unspecified work (164); brief genealogical data relating to the family of Einiawn Offeiriad (171); a list of Welsh 'Enwau Llefydd' ( 172); brief incomplete notes relating to the development of Welsh literature headed 'English Preface to Cyfrinach y Beirdd' (214); an explanatory note on 'cynghanedd groes' in the form of question and answer between pupil and master (251-2); a draft of a memorial and remonstrance to the members of, and subscribers to, the 'Fund of the South Wales Unitarian Society for the Diffusion of Christian Knowledge' expressing concern at irregularities in the conduct of the society (265 + 260); patterns or examples of metres and metric lines headed 'Specimens of Welsh Lyrics and Verse' (262); a list of the names of six Welsh bards, 1650-80, to refute L[ewis] Morys's assertion that no good 'cywydd' had been written since the reign of Elizabeth (267); brief notes on the activities of [John] Poyer and [Rowland] Laugharne in the Civil War in South Wales and a list of English sovereigns, 1603-1760 (269); ? observations on a proposed 'Essay on the Ancient Welsh Literature', etc. (271); synopses of the contents of ? six chapters of a proposed 'Collection for a New History of Wales from Ancient Welsh MSS.' ('On the Origin of the Cimbri', 'Principles of Ancient British Government', 'The Ancient Institution of the Bards', etc.) (272); music for an unspecified air (296); and notes and a sketch relating to a plan of a 'meeting house, octagonal or circular' (298). Some of the notes, etc., have been written on the verso or in the margins of a copy of a printed notice by White and Barnards, Barge Masters, advertising their services, 1800 (100), a copy of a printed notice issued by the Caslon Letter Foundry, London, advertising their preparedness to provide printing types and materials (123), imperfect copies of a printed leaflet, 1797, announcing an 'eisteddfod' to be held under the patronage of the Gwyneddigion Society in 1798 (142-3, 204-05), a copy of printed proposals, 1811, for a new edition of 'The History of Wales written originally in Welsh by Caradoc of Llancarvan translated into English by Dr. Powell and augmented by W. Wynne' (194 + 191), 'An Exemplification of Masons' Work done for Robert Jones, Esqr., of Fonmon Castle . . . Burton Causway by William Baker, Mason, 1813 and 18[14] as attested by Thos. Raecliff and Edward Williams in 1814 (198-9, 210-11), a ? holograph letter from R. Evans from Cowbridge to . . ., undated (personal) (220-21), an account for goods purchased by E. Williams [? 'Iolo Morganwg'] from James Bradley, chemist, Cowbridge, in 1816 (226 + 239), a printed calendar of prisoners in ? Cardiff Gaol, ? 1803 (227 + 238), a copy of printed proposals for publishing George Dyer's Memoirs of the Life and Writings of . . . Robert Robinson of Chesterton (234 + 231), and a ? holograph note from Thomas William to Edward Williams [? 'Iolo Morganwg'], 1814, informing him that Christopher ? James wished to see him (259 + 266).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

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