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Morgan ap Hywel, fl. 1210-1248
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Barddoniaeth

A composite volume containing transcripts by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') of Welsh verse in free and strict metres. P. i is inscribed 'Hen Awdlau, Caniadau, a Phennillion amrafaelion eu rhywieu er dangos amrywiold[eb] Mesurau a mydrau Cerdd Dafod Beirdd Cymru mewn oesoedd Amrafaelion a'r amrafaelion newydiadau . . . ym mhrydyddiaeth Beirdd Cymru o amser beugilydd. Cynnulliad o Hen Lyfrau Ysgrif amrafaelion gan Iolo Morganwg . . .', and this may refer to the contents of pp. 1-142 which include transcripts of poems by, or attributed to, Dafydd Llwyd Matthew, Wiliam Llyn, Bedo Brwynllys, Siôn Ceri, Wiliam Egwad, Gwilym ap Ieuan hen, Dafydd Nanmor, Sippyn Cyfeiliog, Elidir Sais, Dafydd o Lynn Nedd, Einiawn Offeiriad, Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleison, Dafydd ap Edmwnd, Richard Cynwal, Taliesin, Rhys Cain, Llawdden, Gwilym Tew, Dafydd Benwyn, Lewys Morganwg, Gutto'r Glynn, Siôn Mowddwy, Siôn Bradford, Rhys Nanmor, and Guttyn Owain. Pp. 143-55 (previously 1-13) contain a transcript of the first part (279 lines) of Aneurin's 'Gododdin'; pp. 159- 90 (previously 1-32), transcripts of fifteen 'cywyddau' (No. 15 incomplete) by, or attributed to, Dafydd ap Gwilym; pp. 199-206 (previously 1-8), transcripts of poems by, or attributed to, Gruff. ap Maredydd ap Dafydd; pp. 225-72, transcripts of, or extracts from, poems by, or attributed to, Dafydd ap Edmund, Llowdden, Siôn ap Dafydd ap . . ., Syr Lewys y defaid, Syr Lewys Anwyl, Robt. ab Ifan, Richd. Dafies, Esgob Dewi, Dafydd Nanmor, Tudur Aled, Wm. Cynwal, Siôn Brwynog, Harri ap Thomas ap Wiliam o'r ddiserth, ? Gruff. Hiraethog, Siôn Tudur, Syr Lewys Gethin, Lewis ab Edward, Dr. Morgan, Esgob Llanelwy, Alis ferch Gruff., Cadwgan ffol, Rhys Cain, Gutto'r Glynn, Iolo Goch, Llywelyn ab Gruffudd, Llywarch Hen, ?Siôn Dafydd Nanmor, Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleison, Hugh bach ab Hywel ab Shenkin, William Llyn, Edd. Llwyd, 'ceidwad y Museum yn Rhydychen', Gwalchmai, Lewis Powel, William Midelton, Bleddyn Fardd, Meil. ab Gwalch., and Pryd. Moch, and a transcript of a prose item ['Araith y gwr moel o Sythia']; and pp. 281-92, transcripts of poems [from the 'Book of Taliesin']. P. 297 is inscribed 'Caniadydd Morganwg sef Casgl o Hen Garolau, Caniadau, a Chwndidau. Rhif 11', and is followed on pp. 301-36 by transcripts of fourteen 'cwndidau' by, or attributed to, Thomas ab Ieuan ab Rhys and one 'cwndid' by, or attributed to, Thomas ap Ieuan Madog. P. 341 is inscribed 'Cwndidau a Chaniadau Rhys Brydydd o Lyfr R. Bradford', and is followed on pp. 343-59 by transcripts of three poems (two 'cwndidau') by, or attributed to, the said poet. Intermingled with the poems are notes or anecdotes relating to the following poets and 'eisteddfodau' - pp. iv, 79, and 121, Gwilym Tew and 'eisteddfodau' at the monastery of Pen Rys in Glyn Rhondde and Caerfyrddin; vii, Lewis Glynn Cothi and Tudur Penllyn; 50, Einion Offeiriad; 60, Dafydd ap Edmwnd and an 'eisteddfod' at Caerfyrddin; 100 and 104-05, Lewys Morganwg and 'Eisteddfod y Penrhyn yn Arfon'; 109 and 235, Gutto'r Glynn; 114, Siôn Mowddwy; 235-6, Iolo Goch; 237, Llywarch Hen; 265, Tudur Aled; and 342, Meredydd Philip (alias Bedo Philip Bach), his brothers Thomas and William, and his nephew Hopcin Thomas Philip, William Dafydd, and Morgan Pywel. Pp. 115-18 contain transcripts of notes on the use of double rhyme ('cyfochri') in some Welsh strict poetic metres and on the vaticinatory element in Welsh verse. These notes are attributed to Siôn Bradford. Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') has inserted comments on some of the poems in the volume.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Barddoniaeth; y XXIV brenin cadarnaf,

A small imperfect volume containing Welsh poetry and an item of prose written for the most part c. 1600 in various artificial scripts by the scribe of Peniarth MS 65 [Owen John, R.W.M., I, 454] and NLW MS 13081B (Llanover B. 23), with a few additions of slightly later date in other hands at the end. The contents are as follows: pp. 1-74, a series of 'cywyddau', numbered [4]-7 and 9-23, by John Phelip (beginning wanting), Morys ap Howel, Lewys y morganwg, Robert Leia (beginning wanting), John y kent, Gr. llwyd dap Einion lygwy [sic], Sr Owen ap Gwillim, Rys ap Hari 'o Eas', Iolo Goch, and Dafudd ap Rys 'ofeni' [sic]; 75-96, 'cywyddau' by unnamed poets and by Morgan ap hoell, Llywelyn sion, and Thomas lly'n; 97- 126, 'Llyma henway y Pedwar Brenin Ar higain ofrenhinnoedd ynys Brydayin y rhaini y farnwyd yn Gadarnaf . . . Ac felyma henway y brenhinnoedd awnaeth y Prif Geyrydd Penaf yn yr holl ynys brydayn ay henway Pwy ay Gwnaeth, A nef yddy ynt Os kenad Gan dduw y Erchi pod Gwir Amen'; 127-32, 'owdwl fair a Gant Gwilim I ddysgu or hen fesurau gorchestawl ac Nyd ydynt yw cael and y nti hi am farddoniaeth'; 134, lines beginning 'efo naeth panton . . . ' (? in another hand, incomplete); 136-9, a 'cywydd' by Rys ap hari; 141-60 (pagination confused) 'cywyddau', some imperfect and incomplete, by John y Kent, Sion Tydyr, Sieles ap Sion 'Gwas yr henaynt' and others (unnamed); 161-4 and 169-75, religious stanzas in free metre, the second series perhaps in the autograph of one Edward Watkin; and 1177, an 'englyn' by Siarles Siones [sic]. There is a note (? incomplete) mentioning Mary John, the wife late of Richard Lewys, and others who entered a house in the parish of Mynythusllon (167). The date 1625 occurs on p. 165.

Barddoniaeth,

A composite volume containing transcripts, in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'), of miscellaneous Welsh poems, being mainly strict-metre verse and including pp. 11-37, poems by, or attributed to, Taliesin; 39-65, the 'Gododdin' of Aneurin; 67-163, poems by, or attributed to, Taliesin, Myrddin, Llywarch Hen, Gruffudd ap Maredydd ap Daf., Dafydd Benfras, Llewelyn Goch vap Meurig Hen, Madawg Dwygraig, Trahaearn Brydydd Mawr, Howel Ystoryn, Iolo Goch, Gronwy Ddu, Gwilym Ddu 'o Arfon', Thomas Llewelyn 'o rygoes', Morgan Powel 'o Lanhari', Llewelyn Siôn 'o Langewydd', Gronwy William, Syr Dafydd Llwyd Llewelyn, Ellis Ellis, D. ab Gwilym, Gruff. Gryg, D. ab Edmwnt, William Morris, William Elias, Hywel Dafydd ap Ieuan ap Rhys, Thomas Prys, Siôn Tudur, Gruff. ap Daf. ap Tudur, and Wm. Cynwal; 167-89, a collection of 'cywyddau' by, or attributed to, Dafydd ap Gwilim; and 189-241, poems by, or attributed to, Morgan ap Hugh Lewis, ? Rhys Goch 'o glyn-ceiriog', Bedo Aurddrem, Gr. ap In. ap Lln. Fychan, Syr Dafydd Owain, Madog Benfras, In. ap Gruff. Leiaf, Huw Arwystli, Lewis Menai, Syr Clement, Rhys Goch 'o'r yri', Lewis Glyn Cothi, Gruff. Llwyd ap Han, ?Gruff. Llwyd ab Dafydd ab Einion Lygliw, and Lewys Morganwg, and further poems by, or attributed to, Aneurin, Taliesin, Siôn Tudur, Iolo Goch, Gruffydd Grug, Dafydd ap Edmond, and Dafydd ap Gwilym. Pp. 165-6 contain a list of two hundred and forty-six 'cywyddau' attributed to D[afydd ap] G[wilym]. For poems in this volume attributed to Dafydd ap Gwilym but probably written by Edward Williams, and for couplets or sections of poems probably written by Edward Williams and inserted in, or added to, poems by Dafydd ap Gwilym see the relevant sections of IMCY.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Barddoniaeth,

A composite volume containing transcripts of Welsh free- and strict-metre poems in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Pp. 23-398 contain Welsh strict-metre poems, mainly in the form of 'cywyddau', attributed to Syr Gruffudd Fychan, Lang. Lewys, Siôn Dafydd Las . . . 'o Lanuwchlyn', Gwilym ap Ieuan Hen, Siôn Cent, Simwnt Fychan, Siôn Philip, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Llawdden, Dafydd Llwyd ap Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Huw Machno, Iolo Goch, Gruffudd Dafydd ap Hywel, Edward ab Raf ab Robert, ? Dafydd o'r Nant sef Dafydd Wiliams, offeiriad Llanfrynach ym Morganwg, ? Dafydd Nanmor, Edmund Prys, Syr Siôn Leiaf, Tudur Penllyn, Wiliam Llyn, Madog Benfras, Llywelyn ap Meredyth ap Ednyfed sef Lle'n Llogell 'o Farchwiail', Rhys ap Dafydd Llwyd ap Llywelyn Llygliw, Rhys Goch 'o Eryri', Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleision, Thomas ab Ieuan ab Rhys, Casnodyn Fardd, Gutto'r Glynn, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Wiliam Egwad, ?Rhys Brydydd 'o Dir Iarll', ?Rhys Du Brydydd, Ieuan Tew Ieuanc, Syr Thomas Jones 'o Lan Deilo Bertholeu', Lewys Morganwg, Tomas Lewys . . . 'o Lechau ym Mhlwyf Llanhari', Thomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes', ? Syr Dafydd Llwyd Llywelyn, Sippyn Cyfeiliawg, Hywel Llwyd, Lewys Glynn Cothi, Ieuan ap Hywel Swrdwal, Gruffudd Vychan ap Gruffudd ap Ednyfed, Siôn ap Howel ap Llywelyn Fychan, Lewys Môn, Richard Philip, Siôn Dafies, person Garthbeibio, sef y Dr. Dafies o Fallwyd, Rhys Llwyd ab Rhys ab Rhiccert, Llywelyn Moel y Pantry, Dafydd Benwyn, Gruffudd Llwyd ap Gronw Gethin, Owain ap Siôn ap Rhys, Huw Cae Llwyd, Grufludd Hiraethog, Cadwaladr ap Rhys Trefnant, Siôn ap Hywel Llywelyn Fychan, Deio ap Ieuan Du, Rhys Nanmor, Ieuan Tew Hynaf, Rowland Fychan 'o Gaergai', ? Rhisiart Iorwerth, Rhys Cain, Rhys Meigen, Thomas Carn, ? Hywel Dafydd ap Ieuan ap Rhys, and Thomas Lewys 'o Lechau Llannwonno'. There are occasional annotations by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' and the 'cywydd' attributed to Casnodyn Fardd (pp. 127-32) is followed (pp. 133-4) by notes mentioning a Glamorgan tradition which linked the name of that poet with the origin of the 'cywydd' measure. Pp. 236-8 contain a first-line index to the poems on pp. 239-360. Pp. 399-546 are devoted to poems attributed to Siencin Lygad Rhawlin, Dafydd o'r Nant, Hopcin y Gweydd 'o Fargam', Thomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes', Syr Tomas Jones, ofleiriad Llandeilo Bertholeu, Syr Huw Dafydd 'o Gelli Gaer', Rhys Goch o Dir Iarll ab Rhiccert ab Einion ab Collwyn (twenty poems), Hopcin Twm Philip 'o'r Gelli Fid', Syr Siôn ap Morys, Siôn Lewys Richard 'o blwyf Llangrallo', ? Ifan Huw 'o Ystrad Owain', Dafydd Nicolas 'o Aberpergwm', ? Huw Llwyd 'o Lancarfan', ? Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys, Hywel Llwyd 'o Lancarfan', Wil Tabwr, Gronw Wiliam, Morgan Pywel, Gwilym Tew, Thomas Morgan 'o'r Tyle Garw', Edward ab Efan 'o Benn y Fai', Llywelyn ab Hywel ab Ieuan ap Gronw 'o Lantrisaint' alias Llelo Llantrisaint, Thomas Llywelyn, ficar Llancarvan, Edward Matthews . . . 'o blwyf Llangrallo', and Sioni'r Maeswn Dimmai. There are occasional notes by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' and p. 419 contains a list of the titles of the twenty poems attributed to Rhys Goch ab Rhiccert (pp. 421-54 ). A square slip of brown paper inscribed 'Hen Garolau a gasglwyd yng Ngwynedd' has been pasted on to p. 547 and this is followed on pp. 551-610 by a series of thirty numbered 'carolau' the majority unattributed and some attributed to Huw Dafydd, Thomas Evans, Syr Lewys ab Huw, Llywelyn ab Hywel ab Ieuan ab Gronw, Llywelyn ab Hwlcyn 'o Fôn', Dicc Hughes, R. Hughes, and Richard Hughes (? whether the last three named were the same person). Pp. 611-33 contain three poems two of which are attributed to Huw ap Wiliam ap Dd. ap Gronw and Siôn Morys.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Barddoniaeth, etc.,

A slightly imperfect manuscript consisting mainly of transcripts of Welsh strict- and free-metre poems including poems by, or attributed to, Tal Iesin, [Rhys Prichard, 'Yr Hen Ficer'], Sir Rice ab Richard, John Tydyr, Dauydd Llwyd, Morgan ap Howel, Llywelyn Siôn, Thomas Llywelyn, Ioroeth Fynglwyd, Sieiles ap Siôn a Gwas yr henaynt, Ffylib Emlun, Dafydd Nawmor, Siôn Phelib, Morys ap Howel, Lewys Morganw[g], Llewelyn ap Howell, Robert Leia, Siôn Kent, Gryffydd Llwyd ab Einon Lygwy, Rys ap Hari, Iolo Goch, Dafudd Ddu 'o Euas', Lewys Glyn Kothi, Gwillim ap Ieuan, Ievan Glyn Cothi, Iefan ap Rydderch ap Iefan Llwyd, Dauydd ap Mredydd Tudyr, Thomas Gryffudd, ? Thomas Llewelyn Dd. ap Hyw[e]l 'o Flaengwrach', Thomas Jones, Hopgin Thomas Phulib, Thomas ap Ieuan ap Rhys, and Siôn Lewys Gwyn. Also included are a transcript of the Welsh tale of the birth of Taliesin (ff. 1-4), a few medicinal recipes, and some seventeenth century financial memoranda. The greater part of the volume is written in a number of artificial or contrived copying hands, the scribe in some instances appearing to simulate a gothic script. The initial capitals of some of the poems have elaborate decorative detail sometimes incorporating the outlines of human figures or faces, the latter mostly grotesques. The volume has been attributed to a Glamorgan or Gwentian copyist of the first half of the seventeenth century (see TLLM, t. 44). If this dating is accepted stanzas such as those by Rhys Prichard probably have to be regarded as later insertions. There are marginal annotations in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg').

Barddoniaeth, etc.,

A note-book (pp. 1-80) and miscellaneous papers (pp. 81-268) containing notes, lists, extracts, transcripts, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. Page 1 is inscribed 'Cynnulliadau Tuag att Hanes Eisteddfodau Caerfyrddin, Caerwys, ag eraill Casgledig (gan mwyaf) yng Ngwynedd gan Iolo Morganwg', and this first section contains: a version of the 'statute' of Gruffudd ap Cynan as allegedly confirmed at an 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys, co. Flint, in 1523, with a list of the names of the bards and musicians licensed at the said 'eisteddfod', transcribed 'O Lyfr Ygrif (sic) P. Panton, Yswain, o'r Plas Gwynn ym Môn' or, as stated elsewhere, 'Ex No. 65, Plas Gwynn, Môn' [i.e. Panton MS 65, now NLW MS 2031, of which see pp. 200-12] (see also NLW MS 13096B above) (pp. 17-27); a list of the twenty-four Welsh strict poetic metres with illustrative examples [?transcribed from the aforementioned Panton MS 65, pp. 186-93] (see also NLW MS 13096B) (pp. 27-35); notes relating to, and lists of, Welsh musical measures [?transcribed from Panton MS 65, pp. 194-200] (see also NLW MS 13096B) (pp. 36-39); an incomplete transcript [?from Panton MS 65, pp. 182-4] of notes relating to the twenty-four traditional Welsh accomplishments (p. 40); anecdotes relating to the poet Dafydd ap Edmunt and the 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen [c. 1450] under the patronage of Gruffudd ap Nicolas, transcribed 'Ex Vol. 17, P.P.' [i.e. Panton MS 17, now NLW MS 1986A, of which manuscript see ff. 111-17] (see also NLW MS 13096B) (pp. 41-47); further miscellaneous extracts from Panton MS 17 including an anecdote relating to the poet Huw Arwystli, notes relating to the 'cantrefi' of Glamorgan, etc. (pp. 47-49); transcripts of 'englynion' by, or attributed to, D[afydd] ab Gwilym, John Mowddwy, ?Thos. Lln., and Siôn Tudur (pp. 49-50); transcripts of twenty-three 'englynion' commemorating the year of accession of every English monarch, 1066-1558, attributed to Berud ap yr Ynad Coch, Bleddyn Ddu, Cynddelw Brydydd Mawr, Lln. Fardd, Dafydd y Coet, Harri Haram Param, Cyssymdaith Llevot Wynt epolawl, Mabwaith Hengrys o Iâl, Llywelyn ap Ho wrneth, Gwilym Ddu o Arfon, Dafydd Bach ap Madoc Gwladaidd, Llygad Gwr, Daniel Llosgwrn Marw (sic), Dafydd Eppynt, Ieuan Brydydd Hir, Bleuddyn ap Ieuan Hen, Hywel Ystorun, Ierwerth Fynglwyd, Rhys Nanmor, Hywel ab Bleuddyn Mathew, Owain y Bardd 'o Wynedd', and Huw Arwystli (pp. 51-56); a list of the commissioners in whose presence the 'eisteddfod' was held at Caerwys in 1567, and of the poets and musicians who were granted licences at the said 'eisteddfod' (pp. 56-59); a list of bards present at, and notes relating to, an 'eisteddfod' held at Bala [co. Merioneth] in 1740 (p. 60); an extract relating to the code of rules for Welsh bards and musicians allegedly compiled in the time of Gruffudd ap Cynan (p. 61); and transcripts of two sequences of 'englynion' (six and five respectively) allegedly written by Siôn Prichard Prys at an 'eisteddfod' held at Bala in 1680 with the object of enlisting the aid of the bishop of Bangor and Sir Roger Mostyn in an attempt to obtain a [royal] patent for holding an 'eisteddfod' (pp. 62-64). The greater part of the contents of the remainder of the volume consists of transcripts of Welsh poems in strict and free metres, including poems by, or attributed to, [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' himself, Ieuan Tir Iarll 'sef John Bradford o'r Bettws ym Morganwg', Daf. Nicolas, William Hopkin, Daf. o'r Nant, Llywelyn ab Ifan, Siôn Hywel, Thomas Evan, 'Telynor o'r Drenewydd Nottais ym Morganwg', Morgan Pywel, Gwilym Tew (or Owain ap Rhydderch, or Ieuan ab Rhydderch), Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys, Gronwy William, Hywel Llwyd 'o Lancarfan', Wil. Tabwr, Dafydd Nicolas 'o Aberpergwm', Lewys William 'o Ferthyr Tydfyl', Thomas Williams, William Llywelyn, and Wm. Sanders 'o Landocheu'. The free-metre verse includes the words of songs written to specified airs. Other items in the volume include observations ?by Edward Williams after reading certain criticisms of John Hughes: An Essay on the Ancient and Present State of the Welsh Language [London, 1823] (pp. 113-114); notes on Welsh bardism (pp. 161-165); notes headed 'Etymologies that point out the origin and progress of civilization' (p. 167); extracts from Hugh Thomas: An Introduction to the British History [?London, ?1730] (pp. 169-171); a few Welsh triads and proverbs (pp. 227-228); a list of Welsh proverbs heard in Glamorganshire by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' arranged in alphabetical order according to the initial letter (incomplete, A-G only) (pp. 231-240); advisory or proverbial sayings attributed to Taliesin, Cattwn ddoeth, and Meugant (pp. 243-2444); a list of the ten commandments of St. Paul described as '. . . dengair deddf Pawl Sant y rhai a gafas efe o ben Iesu Grist . . .' (see John Williams: Barddas . . ., Vol. I, pp. 288-9) (p. 247); a list of Latin words commencing with the letter v with English meanings and Welsh ?derivatives (pp. 253-254); and (interspersed amongst other items), miscellaneous Welsh proverbs (pp. 241-end). In three instances the blank verso and margins of copies of a printed handbill (English) containing proposals, 1793, for publishing The Celtic Remains (vol. I by Lewis Morris, vol. II by Walter Davies) and of a printed handbill (Welsh) announcing an 'eisteddfod' to be held at Caerwys in 1798 under the patronage of the Gwyneddigion Society have been used for writing notes. A few loose leaves (pp. 261-268) have been placed in an archival envelope.

Hen gwndidau, etc.,

An imperfect manuscript: of the original manuscript (see note on number of folios) thirty-two folios at the beginning (as per a previous foliation ) ? containing poems numbered 1-28 and part of poem 29, numerous mid- volume folios, and an indeterminate number of folios at the end appear to have been lost. pp. 1-178 (excepting p. 176 and later insertions) are in the hand of the Glamorgan poet and copyist Llywelyn Siôn, the scribe of NLW MSS 970E, 6511B, and 13075-13076B (see TLLM, tt. 157-60). The greater part of the remainder of the volume appears to be in a later seventeenth century hand or hands. The contents consist of transcripts of Welsh poems in free and strict metres, the free-metre verse being largely in the form of 'cwndidau' (see TLLM, tt. 120-43). Included is a corpus of poems by the sixteenth century Glamorgan poets Thomas ap Ieuan ap Rys (25) and Hopgin Thom[as] Phylip (22). Other poets whose works are transcribed include Thomas ap Ieuan ap Madog, Siôn Davydd, Thomas Lle'n Daio Powel, Ll'n Daio Pwel , [ ] Davys, Ll[ywely]n Siôn, Siôn Siankin 'o Benllin', Harri Bach Brydydd, Siôn Howel Siôn, Syrr Siôn Iwng, Matho Wiliam, Siôn Thomas, Howel Siankin, Wiliam Davydd, Siankin Morgan, Ieuan ap Rys 'o Verthyr Kynon', Sir Hyw Davydd 'o gelli gaer', Siankin Thomas, Gronw Wiliam, Siankin Siôn Howel, Thomas Siankin ap Ieuan, Wiliam Prys, Davydd ap Risiart, [ ] Kae Llwyd, Dafydd Nawmor, Ieuan Daelwyn, Richard Davydd, Ieuan Tew Brydidd Ievank, Hugh Dwnn, Tho. Llen., Da. Hirathog, H. Da., Da. Llwyd Mathe, Siôn Tudur, Tho. Broynllyes, Edwo. Bach 'o Drefddin', Morgan ap Howell, Mr. Llwyd, Iolo Goch, ?J. Kent, and 'Gwas ir Henaint'. There is one English poem attributed to Sir Risiart y Vwalchen. The poems by Hopkin Thomas Philip have been published in Lemuel James: Hopkiniaid Morganwg . . . (Bangor, l909), and a large proportion of the remaining poems in L. J. Hopkin James and T. C. Evans: Hen Gwndidau, Carolau, a Chywyddau . . . (Bangor, 1910).

Llywelyn Siôn and others.

Llyfr Llywelyn Siôn o Langewydd,

Cywyddau, awdlau and other poetry mainly in the hand of Llywelyn Siôn of Llangewydd, Glamorgan, poet and transcriber of Welsh manuscripts. Among the works included are those of Lewys Morgannwg, Davydd Nanmor, Iorwerth Vynglwyd, Howel Swrdwal, Risiart Iorwerth, Lewys y Glynn, Wiliam Egwad, Gyttor Glynn, Gwili, Tew, Sion Mowddwy, Llywelyn Sion (y copiwr), Risiart Lewys, Sion ap Howel Gwyn, Davydd Benwyn, Sion Tydyr, Meredydd ap Roser, Ieuan Gethin, Ieuan ap Howel Swrdwal, Huw Kae Llwyd, Huw Davi o Wynedd, Ieuan tew brydydd, William Llun, Llawdden, Lewys Mon, Bedo ffylib bach, Tydur Aled, Llywelyn ap Howel ap Ieuan ap Gronw, Rys Pennarth, Howel Davydd ap Ieuan ap Rys, Syr ffylip Emlyn, Syr Gruffydd Vychan, Lang lewys, Gryffydd Gryg, Thomas Derllysg, Rys Brychan, Ieuan ap Huw, Sils ap Sion, Daio du o benn y dainiol, Meistr Harri, Tydur Penllyn, Llywelyn Goch y dant, Gryffydd Davydd ychan, Gryffydd Llwyd ap Einon lygliw, Huw Dwnn, Risiart ap Rys brydydd, Ieuan daelwyn, Iolo Goch, Gwilim ap Ieuan hen, Morgan ap Howel, Thomas Llywelyn, Rys Brydydd, Ieuan ap Rydderch ap Ieuan Llwyd, Sion y Kent, Maredydd ap Rys, Mairig Davydd, Rys Nanmor, Rys Brenn, Ieuan Du'r Bilwg, Syr Davydd ap ffylip ap Rys, Ieuan Llawdden, Thomas Brwynllys, Rys ap Harri, Gronw Wiliam, Deio ap Ieuan Du, Morgan Elfel. Inserted between ff. 196 and 197 are poems in a later hand, mainly to Rowland Gwyn of Glanbran, by Thomas Jones, vicar of Llangamarch, his brother Dafydd Jones, and Thomas Morgan. At the end is a list of the poems and authors in a still later hand.

Llywelyn Siôn and others.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume (pp. 1-540 with two pages not numbered) containing miscellaneous notes, lists, transcripts, extracts, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents include pp. 1-20, an account of the revision of the regulations relating to the craft and conduct of Welsh bards and musicians, the rules of 'cynghanedd', and the twenty-four strict poetic metres undertaken in connection with, or at, the 'eisteddfod' held under the patronage of Gruffudd ap Nicolas at Carmarthen [circa 1450], anecdotes relating to Dafydd ap Edmwnd and the said 'eisteddfod', etc., the greater part of the material being allegedly extracted 'O Lyfr Iago ab Dewi yn awr gan Mr. Thomas Evans o Frechfa, 1799' (this is the same account, etc., as that which is found in NLW MS 13096B, pp. 171-95, for which see above); 21-2, biographical and other notes on Sir Robert ab Amon, lord of Glamorgan [late 11th cent.], and his brother Richard; 23-4, notes on the Reverend Samuel Williams and his son the Reverend Moses Williams, a list of 'eisteddfodau' held at Carmarthen, Aber Marlas, and Castell Gweblai, 1452-1486, an anecdote relating to the poet Dafydd ab Edmwnd, a transcript of two 'englynion' by, or attributed to, the said poet, etc.; 25-7, extracts from the manuscript copy of the 'Lib[er] Land[avensis]' in Jesus College [Oxford, i.e., Jesus College MS 20]; 28-9, lists headed 'Names of some Constellations of Fixed Stars peculiar to the Britons', and 'Some Constellations in Glamorgan'; 33-7, a version of the Welsh legend of the birth of Taliesin (see The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales . . . (London, 1801), vol. I, pp. 17-19); 38, Welsh verse attributed to Morys ab Ieuan ab Eigyn and Lewys Morys; 39, a list of the names of early Welsh bards ('Hen Brydyddion a fuant gynt yng Nghymru'); 40, a transcript of 'englynion' ? attributed to Twm ab Han ab Rhys; 41-54, a series of twenty Welsh fables relating to birds and animals with the superscription 'O Lyfr Owain Myfyr. Damhegion a ysgrifenwyd ar femrwn ynghylch y flwyddyn 1300' (see BM Additional MS 14884, and for a published text Y Greal . . ., 1806, tt. 279-80, 322-9, and ibid., 1807, tt. 366-70); 55-9, series of Welsh triads with the superscriptions 'Llymma Drioedd Arbennig' (see John Williams: Barddas . . ., vol. I, pp. 394-7), 'Trioedd Serch', 'Trioedd Taliesin', and 'Trioedd mab y Crinwas' (continued)

60-63, lists of Welsh 'sayings' and other miscellaneous lists with the superscriptions 'Saith ymofynion y saith Doethion', 'Geiriau Gwir Cattw Ddoeth', 'Geiriau Gwir', 'Llyma leoedd ynghorph Dyn y bydd swrn gynheddfau ynddynt', 'Saith Gynneddf Gwr Dewisol ', 'Naw rhif Carennydd', 'Pysygwriaeth o Lyfr Hywel Ddu Feddyg', 'Cas ddynion Selyf Ddoeth', and 'Cas betheu Owein Cyfeiliog'; 64, a transcript of the inscription and 'englyn' found at the beginning of Lewis Dwnn's volume of pedigrees of families in cos. Carmarthen, Cardigan, and Pembroke; 65-8, a version of the Welsh tale 'Breuddwyd Gronw Ddu o Fôn'; 69-81, transcripts of three Welsh strict-metre poems ('awdlau') by, or attributed to, Rhobert Dyfi, Siôn Tudur, and Gruffydd Thomas; 82-8, a copy of a letter in Welsh, 9 December 1726, from the Reverend Edward Gamage from St. Athan [co. Glamorgan], to Llywelyn ab Ifan 'o'r Cannerw', giving an account of the achievements of members of the Stradling family (for a holograph copy of a letter from Edward Gamage to Llywelyn ab Ifan see NLW MS 13077B, and for transcripts by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') of letters from, or allegedly from, Gamage to the same recipient in addition to the present example see NLW MSS 13091E, 13095B, and pp. 528-36 of the present manuscript; for observations on these letters and doubts as to the authenticity of the Williams transcripts see IMCY, tt. 58-60, TLLM, tt. 107, 195, and IM, tt. 245-6); 89-123, versions of Welsh tracts, tales, etc., entitled 'Cato Cymraeg' (for the text see Y Greal . . ., 1806, tt. 145-51), 'Ystori y Llong Foel' (for the text see Taliesin . . ., cyf. II, 1860-61, t. 284), 'Breuddwyd Paul Abostol' (for the text see Iolo Manuscripts . . ., pp. 190-92, and for an English translation ibid., pp. 603-05), 'Cyngor i Feirdd a Dysgedigion Cymru' (attributed to loan Dafydd Rhys, M.D. [the Welsh physician and grammarian]; see Thomas Parry: 'Siôn Dafydd Rhys', Y Llenor, cyf. X, tt. 35-46), 'Araith Ieuan Brydydd Hir, 1450', and 'Casbethau Ieuan Brydydd Hir'; 124-30, transcripts of a Welsh poem entitled 'Arwyddon Taliesin', two poems by, or attributed to, Twm ab Ifan ap Rhys, a Welsh prophecy entitled 'Llyma Brophwydoliaeth Merddin', and an 'englyn' attributed to Edward Dafydd o Fargam; 137-42, notes, allegedly 'from John Bradford's MS', relating to the bards Lewys Glyn Cothi, Lewys Morganwg, Thomas Philip Fardd, Hopcin Twm Philip, Ieuan Swrdwal, Hywel Swrdwal, Ieuan ab Hywel Swrdwal, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Dafydd Fynglwyd, Rhisiart Iorwerth, Bran ap Llyr, Talhaearn Fardd, Sils ab Siôn, Meredydd ab Morgan Philib, William ap Morgan, William Dafydd, Morgan Pywel, Siôn Mowddwy, Llawdden, Cattwg fab Gwynnlliw, Caradawc o Lancarvan, Casnodyn Fardd, Trehaearn Brydydd Mawr, Harri ab Rhys ab Gwilym, Meuryg Dafydd, and Llywelyn Siôn; 153-71, a version of the Welsh prose oration 'Araith Gwgan' (for the text see Taliesin . . ., cyf. II, tt. 108-12, and for observations thereon IM., tt. 249-51); 171-4, transcripts of a poem from 'Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin', 'englynion' by, or attributed to, Wiliam Llyn, Huw Llyn, Richard Davies, Esgob Dewi, Dafydd Nanmor, Siôn Tudur, Syr Lewys, and Ednyfed Fychan, etc.; 175-7, a copy of a preface to 'a little book' ? with the title 'Short Pedigrees of divers Noblemen . . . of Pembrokeshire containing most part of the eight ancestors from whome they are descended' found 'amongst L. Morris' papers'; 178-81, extracts from [John Wynne:] The History of the Gwedir Family [London, 1770]; 182, a note relating to freemasonry; 183-5, lists of Welsh 'sayings' attributed to Ystyffan Fardd and Catto Ddoeth, etc.; 185-7, a transcript of a Welsh poem attributed to Sippyn Cyfeiliog; 188-93, a version of the Welsh tale 'Dammeg Einion ap Gwalchmai'; 194-204, transcripts of four unattributed 'englynion', a Welsh poem attributed to Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys, and an 'awdl' attributed to Siôn Tudur, and genealogical data headed 'Pum Brenhinllwyth Cymry'; 205-20, genealogical data relating largely to Glamorgan, notes on the arms of [Norman] knights who had come to despoil Glamorgan ('Llyma arfau y Cwncwerwyr a ddaethant ar anraith i Forganwg'), etc. (continued)

221-45, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Dafydd Benwyn, Siôn Morys Llwyd, Dafydd Llwyd Mathew, Gronwy William, Llewelyn Siôn, Antoni Powel, Morgan Powel, Harri Rheinallt, Huw Ceiriog, Huw Llyn, Wm. Byrcinsiaw, Ieuan Tew, R. Dafis, Escob Mynyw, Siôn Tudur, Huw Pennant, Wiliam Cynwal, Owain Brereton, Owain Gwynedd, Lewys Menai, Bedo Hafesb, Einon Tew, Siôn Philip, Simwnt Fychan, Wiliam Llyn, Edward Brwynllys, Huw Arwystli, Elis ab Rhys ab Edward, Robert Gruffudd ab Ifan, Huw Conwy, Bartholomew Jones, Hywel Ceiriog, Rhys Celli, Dafydd Alaw, Edward Dafydd, Dafydd Edward, Charles Meredydd, Siams Thomas, Hywel Rhys, Dafydd Rhys, Wiliam Lidwn, Hopcin Thomas, Siôn Padarn, Mathew Llwyd 'o Gelligaer', Llywelyn Thomas, Hopcin Dafydd Edward 'o Langyfelach', Harri Lleision 'o Lancarfan', Bleddyn Siôn, Hywel Lewys, Siôn Roberts, Thomas Lewys, Jenkin Rhisiart, Charles Dafydd Meredydd, Morgan Gruffudd, Lleision Ifan, Hopcin Llywelyn, Dafydd Ifan Siôn, Charles Bwttwn, esqr., Dafydd o'r Nant, Samuel Jones, Lewys Môn, Tudur Aled, Gruffudd ab Llywelyn Fychan with Han Brydydd Hir, Huw Ednyfed, Rhys Nanmor, Gwilym ab Ieuan Hen, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Rhys ab Rhisiart, Gwilym Tew, Dafydd Llwyd 'o Fathafarn', and Ieuan Brechfa (some of these 'englynion' were allegedly written in connection with a bardic meeting held at Craig y Ddinas, 'eisteddfodau' at Caerwys, Bewpyr, Dinbych, ? Carn Fadryn, and Castell Gweblai, and a 'cadair wrth gerdd yn Llangynwyd . . . 1664' (see TLLM, tt. 91-2)); 239-42, anecdotes relating to Gutto'r Glynn and Hywel Dafydd ab Ieuan ab Rhys at an 'eisteddfod' held in Cardiff Castle (with a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Sir Wiliam Herbert), and Dafydd o' r Nant at a meeting of bards at Lantrisaint; 247-9, an incomplete copy of a 'cywydd' attributed to Edmund Prys; 250-52, brief genealogical notes relating to the poets or writers Huw Machno, Einion ab Gwalchmai, Rhys Goch, Tudur Penllyn, Llew'n Offeiriad, Syr Owain ab Gwilym, Llen. Goch ab Meurig Hen, Tudur Aled, William Cynwal, Cywryd ab Elaith, Ieuan ab Rhydderch, Dav. Powel, D.D., Gruff. ab Ieuan, Rhys Cain, John Cain, Dafydd Jones, vicar Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd, Dafydd Llwyd . . . 'o Fathafarn', Edmund Prys, Ednyfed ab Gruff., Madog Benfras, and Llywelyn Llogell Rison (continued)

253-4, an anecdote relating to a Welsh scholar at Oxford and a copy of a poem attributed to Taliesin; 257-8, copies of extracts made ? by Evan Evans ['Ieuan Fardd'] from 'the Liber Landavensis in the Library of Mr. Davies of Llannerch' [now NLW MS 17110E]; 265--84, a copy of ? the preface and first section of a work entitled 'Datguddiad y Daroganwr Neu gasgliad o amryw frudiau a daroganau . . . yn yspysu yn amlwg mai'n presennol Frenin William y trydydd yw y Brenin Darogan' transcribed, according to a note on p. 266, in 1799 from a manuscript in the hand of Thomas ab Ifan of Tre Brynn [the copyist of NLW MSS 13061-13063B, 13069B, 13085B] then in the possession of Thomas Johns of Hafod Uchtryd, co. Cardigan (the preface deals with vaticinatory verse in the Welsh language more particularly that of Merddyn Emrys, Merddyn Wyllt, and Taliesin, and the author maintains that prophetic allusions in such poems were to King William III; see TLLM, tt. 171-2); 289-327, transcripts of miscellaneous old Welsh poems [mainly from 'Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin' and 'Llyfr Taliesin']; 327-9, a copy of an 'awdl' attributed to Dafydd y Coet; 337-45, transcripts of a twelve-stanza poem ['Enweu Meibon Llywarch Hen'] attributed to Llywarch Hen, and a sequence of thirty-seven 'englynion' all commencing with the words 'Eiry mynydd' attributed to Llywarch Hen, or Mab Claf ab Llywarch, or Llywelyn Llogell Rhison 'o Farchwiail', a version of the Welsh prose oration 'Trwstaneiddrwydd Gruffudd ap Adda ap Dafydd', and a few medicinal notes attributed to 'Meddygon Myddfai'; 346-59, transcripts of an 'awdl' allegedly written by Gwilym Tew in connection with an 'eisteddfod' held in the monastery of 'Penrhys yng Nglynn Rhodneu' in Glamorgan in 1434 or 1435, and an 'awdl' allegedly written by Lewys Morganwg for an 'eisteddfod' held in the monastery of Nedd (Neath) [in Glamorgan] in 1493 or 1494; 359-62, an anecdote relating to a proposal to establish a university in Glyn Nedd, temp. Henry VII, a few Welsh triads, and extracts from Robert Vaughan: British Antiquities Revived . . . ([Oxford], 1662); 363-72, transcripts of two 'awdlau' attributed to Thomas Prys 'o Blas Iolyn' and Lewys ab Edward; 375-8, a copy of an extract from the 'Liber Landavensis' as in pp. 257-8, and brief pedigrees of Gwaithfoed, prince of Cardigan, fl. circa 1000, and Bleddyn ap Cynfyn; 379- 417, transcripts of Welsh poems attributed to Thomas Prys 'o Blas Iolyn', Siôn Tudur, Meredydd ap Rhys, Dafydd Nanmor, Rhys Goch 'o Eryri', Madoc ap Gronw Gethin, and Prydydd y Moch, and of unattributed Welsh verse; 418, an analysis of the 'elements' in man ('Defnyddion Dyn') (see John Williams: Barddas. . ., vol. I, pp. 386-9); 419-28, transcripts of two early Welsh poems, the first being an elegy to Cynddylan (for both poems see The Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, vol. IV, pp. 41-7, and vol. VI, pp. 139-41), and a sequence of twenty-five 'Englynion Beddeu Milwyr Ynys Prydain' from 'Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin'; 435-48, transcripts of Welsh strict- metre poems attributed to Da'dd Williams, 'viccar Penllin'; 451-82, transcripts of Welsh strict- and free-metre poems attributed to Huw Morys; 483-92, a brief account in Welsh of the history of Glamorgan from the time of Morgan Mwynfawr to the reign of Henry VIII allegedly 'allan o Lyfr y diweddar Barchedig Edward Gamais, offeiriad Sant Athan, ag ynawr gan Mr. Siôn Spenser o'r un Plwyf'; 493-527 two accounts in Welsh of the quarrels between Iestyn ab Gwrgant, lord of Glamorgan, and Rhys fab Tydyr, lord of Deheubarth, and between the said Iestyn and Einon fab Collwyn, which led eventually to the conquest of Glamorgan by the Normans under Syr Rhobert fab Amon and the division of the country amongst the said Syr Rhobert and his twelve fellow knights, with brief notes on the subsequent ownership of the estates created (the first account was allegedly taken 'o Lyfr Daniel Thomas, argraphydd', and the second allegedly 'o Lyfr y Parchedig Mr. Thomas Basset o Lan y Lai a Gweinidog Sili ag Eglwys Brywys'); 528-36, an incomplete copy of a letter in Welsh [from the Reverend Edward Gamage, rector of St. Athan] to Llywelyn ab Ifan, giving an account of the coming of Sir William Le Esterling, ancestor of the Stradling family, into Glamorgan with the Normans (see pp. 82-8 above); and 539, an incomplete extract relating to the twenty-four traditional Welsh accomplishments.

'Iolo Morganwg'.