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Richards, Thomas, 1709 or 10-1790
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Brut Aberpergwm, etc.,

A composite volume containing transcripts of historical and literary material in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Pp. 1 -74 contain one of the two known reputed transcripts by Edward Williams of the supposedly variant version of the medieval Welsh Chronicle of the Princes ('Brut y Tywysogion') which is generally known as 'Brut Aberpergwm' or 'The Gwentian Brut'. The superscription on p. 1 reads 'Llyma Vrut y Tywysogion val y bu Ryfeloedd a gweithredoedd enseiliaid a Dialeddau, a Rhyfeddodau gwedi eu tynnu or hen gofion cadwedig au blyneddu'n Drefnedig gan Garadawc Llancarfan', and, according to a note at the end of the text (p. 74), the present copy was transcribed by Iorwerth ab Iorwerth Gwilym, i.e. Edward Williams, in 1790 from one of the manuscripts of the Reverend Thomas Richards, curate of Llangrallo [co. Glamorgan], who, in turn, had copied the work in 1764 from one of the manuscripts in the possession of George Williams, esq., of Aberpergwm [co. Glamorgan]. This is substantially the text that was published in The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales . . ., vol. II, 1801, pp. 468-582, and also in Aneurin Owen (ed.): Brut y Tywysogion; the Gwentian Chronicle of Caradoc of Llancarvan . . . (London, 1863), this second publication being accompanied by an English translation. P. 89 is inscribed 'English Translation of Caradoc of Lancarvan's Annals of the Princes of Wales. By Edward Williams. 1807. Rough Copy'. The section now paginated 101-88 contains an English translation of the text found in pp. 1-74. Other items in the volume include pp. 191-208, extracts from William Warrington: The History of Wales . . . (London, 1786); 215-19, a draft copy of the last three paragraphs of the preface to The Myvyrian Archaiology . . ., vol. II, in which the text of 'Brut Aberpergwm' was published (see G. J. Williams: op. cit., pp. 206-08); 223-5, a transcript of the opening paragraphs of a version of the Laws of Hywel Dda; and 233- 43, copies of poems by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg'.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Brut Ieuan Brechfa; Brut Aberpergwm; triads, etc.

A composite volume containing miscellaneous historical and literary material in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Pp. 24-36 contain a transcript of a version of the medieval Welsh Chronicle of the Princes associated with the name of the fifteenth century poet and genealogist Ieuan Brechfa with the title or superscription 'Brut y Tywysogion . . . a dynnwyd o Lyfrau Caradawc Llancarfan ac eraill o hen Lyfrau Cyfarwyddyd a ysgrifenodd Ieuan Brechfa'. The transcript was allegedly made by Edward Williams from a volume in the possession of Rhys Thomas, printer, of Cowbridge, and the text was published in The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales, vol. II, 1801, pp. 470-565 (bottom section of pages). Pp. 37-135 contain one of the two known reputed transcripts by Edward Williams of the allegedly variant version of the aforesaid Welsh Chronicle of the Princes known as 'Brut Aberpergwm' or the 'Gwentian Brut'. The title or superscription reads 'Llyma Vrut y Tywysogion val y bu Ryfeloedd a Gweithredoedd enseiliaid a Dialeddau a Rhyfeddodau gwedi eu tynnu o'r hen gofion cadwedig a'u blynyddu'n drefnedig gan Garadawc Llancarfan', and the text was reputedly transcribed by [Edward Williams] 'Iorwerth Gwilym' in 1790 from one of the manuscripts of the Reverend Thomas Richards, curate of Llangrallo [co. Glamorgan], who, in turn, had reputedly copied the work in 1764 from a manuscript in the possession of George Wiliams of Aber Pergwm [co. Glamorgan] (see p. 135). For the other reputed transcript of this text allegedly from the same source see NLW MS 13113B (Llanover C. 26) above. Other items in the volume include pp. 13-18, variant versions of parts of the introductory section to Lewis Dwnn's Visitations (see S. R. Meyrick (ed.): Heraldic Visitations of Wales . . . by Lewys Dwnn (Llandovery, 1846), pp. 7 and 9); 18-20, a list of eleven Welsh writers who had recorded the genealogies and deeds of the Welsh ('sgrifennyddion a gadwasant gof am achau a gweithredoedd y Cymry') allegedly copied from a book in the possession of Ben Simon 'y Bardd o Borth Myrddin'; 20-24, a further list of twenty Welsh poets or writers who had written about Wales and the island of Britain ('Enwau'r Prydyddion Awdurdodol . . . a ysgrifenasant am Wlad Gymru ac am Ynys Prydain') (see IM, t. 308); 136-7, a note by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' in 1801 on the attribution of works to ancient writers and poets such as Caradawc o Lancarfan, Taliesin, etc.; 138-57, another account of the quarrels between Iestin fab Gwrgan, lord of Glamorgan, and Rhys fab Tudur, prince of South Wales, and between the said Iestin and Einion ab Collwyn, the invitation to Sir Rhobert fab Hamon and the Norman knights to intervene, the consequent conquest of Glamorgan by the Normans, and the division of the country between Sir Rhobert and his twelve knights, with brief notes on the subsequent holders of the thirteen original divisions ('Hanes y Tri Marchog ar Ddeg a ddaethant i Forganwg yn Amser Iestin ab Gwrgan', allegedly transcribed from a volume in the possession of the Reverend Thos. Basset of Lann y Lai, co. Glamorgan); 158- 61, notes on variations in a second version of the account of the conquest of Glamorgan (pp. 138-57) to be found in the aforesaid Mr. Bassett's volume; 163-4, a list of Glamorgan bards with the places where they lived; 179 + 182, a brief chronicle of historical and pseudo-historical events in British history, 2nd - 5th century A.D.; 183, notes on an 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen in the time of Rhys ab Tewdur; 191-4, notes on Sir Robert Fitzhamon and his twelve knights and 'chronological notes from the Encyclopaedia Britanica'; 195-223, transcripts of three series of triads with the superscriptions 'Trioedd Ynys Prydain o'r Delyn Ledr ymha Lyfr yr oeddent wedi eu hysgrifennu o Lyfr Mr. Robert Vaughan o Hengwrt' (91), 'Trioedd y Meirch' (11), and 'Llyma ychwaneg o Drioedd Ynys Prydain allan o Lyfr Mr. Robert Vaughan o Hengwrt' (4); 224, an anecdote relating to Maelgwn Gwynedd; 225-31, transcripts of Welsh verse attributed to Lewys Môn, Taliesin, and Cattwg ddoeth; 231-3, lists of proverbial or wisdom sayings headed 'Llyma Gynghorion Cattwg ddoeth', 'Llymma Goreuau Cattwg Sant ab Gwynlliw', and 'Llymma Goreuau Meugant Bardd Cystenin Fendigaid'; 233-51, transcripts of series of triads with the superscriptions 'Llyma Drioedd a gant Iolo Morganwg', 'Trioedd Cattwg Sant', 'Llymma Drioedd a dalant eu hystyrio cyn gwreicca', 'Llymma Drioedd y Gwragedd priod', and 'Llyma Drioedd o hen Lyfr Lewys Hopcin'; 257-66, transcripts of Welsh poems and exemplary verse attributed to Mab claf i Lywarch, Y Cwtta Cyfarwydd, and Dafydd Nanmor; 271-5, an incomplete series of triads (5 + part of 6) with the superscription 'Llymma Drioedd Cof Cyfarwydd yn son am hynodion o wyr ac o betheu a fuant gynt yn Ynys Prydain . . .' (pp. 267-70, with p. 267 inscribed 'Trioedd Ynys Prydain o Lyfr Iaco ab Dewi gan Rys Thomas, Argraphydd, a fu gynt yn eiddo Twm Siôn Catti', were probably formerly the upper and lower covers of a home-made booklet intended to contain a version of the third series of 'Trioedd Ynys Prydain' of which the contents of pp. 271-5 are probably a fragmentary draft (see Rachel Bromwich: 'Trioedd Ynys Prydain' in Welsh Literature and Scholarship (Cardiff, 1969), p. 13)); 287-300, an alphabetical list of old Welsh words with modern equivalents; 303-09, brief notes headed 'Some account of the Welsh Bards'; 315-17, etymological and other miscellaneous notes; 318, transcripts of a short series of Welsh triads called 'Trioedd yr Addurneu' and of four 'englynion' attributed to [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg'; 319, a brief note relating to ? Nonconformist meetings associated with Blaen Gwrach [co. Glamorgan]; 327-34, a transcript of the poem 'Kad Goddeu' attributed to Taliesin; 335-8 notes relating to a Unitarian society called 'Gwyr Cwm y Felin' which allegedly flourished at Cwrn y Felin, co. Glamorgan, in the eighteenth century with a reference to Edward Williams's attitude to Unitarianism (see TLLM, tt. 215, 239, 314, and IM, t. 73); (continued)

339-47, notes relating to developments in Welsh metrics and literature to the late eighteenth century; 349-50, notes on the 'Cimmerii' or 'Cimbri', etc.; 351, a note on the connection between the freemasons and St. Alban; 352, a list of the princes of Glamorgan from the time of Aedd Mawr to the time of Iestin ap Gwrgan; 363-5, transcripts of two poems attributed to Morgan Talhai 'o Lansanffraid Fawr ym Morganwg'; 371-4, historical memoranda relating to Gower including an incomplete list of the lords of Gower from the time of Henry I onwards; 375-82, etymological and historical notes relating to the names and regions of Gwent / Essyllwg / Morganwg (mention of 'Ragland Castle Library, the best collection of old Welsh MSS. that ever existed'); 383-4, a note on the possible antiquity of the period of the formation of the Welsh language; 384-90, miscellaneous poetic and other extracts mainly Welsh, and lists of the names of the months in Armoric and Cornish; 393-4 a transcript of an eight-stanza English poem by Taliesin Williams 'written at the Lamb and Flag, Vale of Neath, 1816'; 401-03, a draft copy of an advertisement for the proposed publication of a Welsh quarterly magazine to be called 'Goleugrawn Deheubarth', the first issue to appear in June 1818; 407-11, extracts from [William] Coxe: [An Historical Tour in] Mon[mouth]shire . . . (London, 1801), part 11, appendix 1; 415-18, a copy of a tale relating to King Arthur and his knights sleeping in a cave full of treasure at Craig y Ddinas; 419-22, extracts from [P. H.] Mallet [: Northern Antiquities . . .] and the works of Caedmon; 423-30, notes headed 'Plan of the Analytical Dissertation on the Welsh Language by E[dward] W[illiams]'; 431-5, brief notes relating to the cultivation of literary languages and 'the mode of examining or investigating the principles on which any language has been formed'; 436, a brief list of the 'numerous names of God' in Welsh; 440 + 453, notes relating to ? earth tremors in the area between Cowbridge and the sea in July and August 1809; 445-8, notes headed 'Preface to History of the Bards - hints', with references to the work of [Edward] Jones ['Bardd y Brenin']; 455-7, extracts from [George] Lytte[l]ton : [The] History of [the Life of King] Henry the Second; 457-9, miscellaneous triads; 460-61, extracts from poems by Tudur Aled and G[uto'r] Glyn to abbots of Lanegwystl; 471-82, two sets of notes headed 'On Welsh Literature. Miscellaneous' and 'Cardigan and North Pembroke Dialects' containing general observations on the nature, etc., of Welsh literature and the Welsh language with references to classes held for learning to read Welsh; 482-6, notes on a reputed Welsh bard 'Keraint Vardd Glas otherwise Y Bardd Glas Keraint seemingly the Glaskerion of Chaucer'; 487-91, copies of two rhetorical prose exercises in the form of two love-letters in Welsh addressed by a member of the Powel family of Llwydiarth [co. Glamorgan] to a young lady; 491-500, a brief sketch in Welsh of the history of Morgannwg from the time of Morgan Mwynfawr to the time of the Tudors reputedly from a volume once in the possession of the Reverend Mr. Gamais (Gamage), vicar of St. Athan [co. Glamorgan], and then in the possession of Mr. John Spencer of the same parish; 501-05, transcripts of two letters reputedly exchanged between the sixteenth century poets Siôn Mowddwy and Meirig Dafydd concerning criticism by the latter of the former's verse, mention being made by Meirig Dafydd of the rival Welsh strict-metre systems of Dafydd Emwnt and the bards of Morgannwg (for references to manuscript and published versions of these letters see IMCY, t. 167, and TLLM, t. 86, n. 26-7, and for the opinion that Meirig Dafydd's reply was composed by Edward Williams himself see TLLM, t. 78, n. 6, and t. 86); 505, 'Llyma bump Tywysawglwyth Cymru'; 507- 12, an incomplete list of twenty four early kings of Britain recounting their feats and accomplishments ('Hanes Pedwar Brenin ar hugain a varnwyd yn henna ac yn wrola o'r Brutaniaid i Ddeiliaid ag i Gwncwerio'); 513-16, notes on the lineage of Iestyn ap Gwrgan ('Llyma wehelyth Iestyn ap Gwrgan un o bump Brenhinllwyth Cymru a Phen hynaif Tywysogion Ynys Prydain' reputedly 'o Lyfr Thomas Hopkin o Langrallo'); etc. In three instances notes have been written on the blank verso or margins of printed copies of the following - an abstract of a report on a meeting, May 1820, of the governors and friends of the medical charitable organisation known as the Welsh Dispensary (171-8), proposals for publishing Edward Williams's two volumes of English verse Poems Lyric and Pastoral in 1792 (180-81), and an advertisement for letting 'a desirable family residence' in Cardiff (184-5).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Gramadeg y beirdd, etc.,

A composite volume containing miscellaneous transcripts, extracts, notes, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Pp. 1-60 contain a copy of the medieval Welsh metrical treatise or bardic grammar which is usually attributed to Einion Offeiriad and/or Dafydd Ddu o Hiraddug. In the present version which, according to a note on p. 61, was transcribed [by Edward Williams] from manuscript texts then in the possession of Mr. [Thomas] Richards of Llangrallo [co. Glamorgan] and the Reverend Thomas Evans of Brechfa [co. Carmarthen], the work is, however, attributed to Edern Dafod Aur. For the probable source of the present text, subsequent transcripts made of it, its attribution (probably by Edward Williams) to Edern Dafod Aur, and its connection with the version published in John Williams ('Ab Ithel'): Dosparth Edeyrn Davod Aur . . . (Llandovery, 1856), see the introduction to G. J. Williams ac E. J. Jones (gol.) : Gramadegau' r Penceirddiaid (Caerdydd, 1934), p. xv, and J. Morris-Jones: 'Dosbarth Edern Dafod Aur', The Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, 1923 4, pp. 1-28. The other items in the volume include pp. 61-70, variant readings of the text of the above-mentioned treatise to be found in the two manuscript sources noted; 85-6, notes on Welsh poetic metres and on an 'eisteddfod' reputedly held at Marchwiail, co. Denbigh, circa 1350 or later in the fourteenth century; 87-8, a list of the contents of pp. 89-247 (previously paginated 1-161); 89-110, a version of the statute or code of rules for regulating the training and conduct of Welsh bards and musicians usually associated with the name of Gruffudd ap Cynan and here associated with the names of the said Gruffudd and Bleddyn ap Cynfyn ('. . . o Lyfr . . . Mr. Wiliam Wiliams o Landegai yn Arfon'); 110-13, notes on an 'eisteddfod' held by invitation of Rhys ap Gruffudd, lord of Dinefwr, at Cardigan (from the same source as the preceding item); 113-17, another shorter version of the above-mentioned statute with notes of subsequent confirmations by Rhys ap Tewdwr and his grandson Rhys ap Gruffudd ('O Lyfr Hywel Rhys o'r Faenor'); 118, a sketch plan showing the ? respective positions of the different grades of bards and musicians at an 'eisteddfod' and sketches of some musical instruments ('O Lyfr Hafod Ychtryd ysgrifen John Jones o'r Gelli Lyfdy'); 119-23, a further version of the abovementioned statute as reputedly confirmed at an 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys [co. Flint], 1568 ('O Lyfr Mr. Cobb o Gaer Dydd'); 124-44, a treatise on Welsh poetic metres with the superscription 'Llyma Gyfarwyddyd Ar Fesurau Cerdd Dafawd a dynnwyd allan o Lyfrau Simwnt Fychan Bencerdd ag eraill . . .' and with a concluding note '. . . A myfi Wiliam Philip o'r Hendre Fechan yn Ardudwy a'i tynnais allan o waith yr awduron gorchestol a fuant o'm blaen . . .', transcribed from 'un o Lyfrau Mr. Cobb o Gaer Dydd yn . . . 1782'; 145-53, a further version of the statute of Gruffudd ap Cynan as confirmed at an 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys in 1524 (recte 1523), with a list of bards and musicians licensed at the said 'eisteddfod', transcribed 'o No. 65, P.P., Yswain, Plas Newydd ym Môn' (i.e ., from Panton MS 65, now NLW MS 2031, of which see pp. 200-12] (see also NLW MS 13099B); 153-60, a list of the twenty-four Welsh strict poetic metres with illustrative examples [? transcribed from the aforementioned Panton MS 65, pp. 186-93] (see also NLW MS 13099B); 160- 64, notes on, and lists of, Welsh musical measures, etc., transcribed 'o Lyfr No. 65 Plas Newydd ym Môn' [i.e. Panton MS 65, of which see pp. 194- 200] (see also NLW MS 13099B); 164-70, anecdotes relating to Dafydd ap Edmwnt and the 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen [circa 1450] in the presence of Gruffudd ap Nicolas (according to the superscription 'Ex Vol. XVII, P.P. Plas Newydd, Môn' [i.e. Panton MS.17 now NLW MS 1986A], but, according to a note on p. 170, copied from an old manuscript at Plas Newydd and compared with versions in another manuscript there and a manuscript in the Hengwrt Library in the hand of J[ohn] Jones of Gelli Lyfdy [this last possibly now Peniarth MS 267 in the National Library]); 171-94, an account of the revision of the regulations relating to the Welsh bards and musicians, the rules of 'cynghanedd', and the twenty-four strict metres undertaken in connection with, or at, the aforementioned 'eisteddfod' held by Gruffudd ap Nicolas at Carmarthen, anecdotes relating to Dafydd ap Edmwnd and the said 'eisteddfod', etc., taken 'O Lyfr Iago ab Dewi yn awr gan Mr. Thomas Evans o Frechfa' (for the text of pp. 171-94 see Y Greal . . ., 1805-1806, tt. 49-61, 97-103, 151-4, and for an evaluation of the contents G. J. Williams: 'Eisteddfod Caerfyrddin', Y Llenor, cyf. V, tt. 94-5; see also IMCY, tt. 86-95); 195-9, further anecdotes relating to Dafydd ap Edmwnd and the aforesaid 'eisteddfod' at Carmarthen and an 'eisteddfod' at Nant Gonwy, notes relating to the date of the 'eisteddfod' at Carmarthen, a list of four 'eisteddfodau' held at Carmarthen, Abermarlas, and Castell Gweblai, 1452-1486, etc.; 201-35, a version of the treatise on Welsh bardic craft published by William Midleton in 1593 [Bardhoniaeth neu brydydhiaeth y llyfr kyntaf . . . ( Llundain, 1593)] with additions and variations, which are probably to be attributed to Edward Williams himself, inserted in, or appended to, the text of the original treatise (see the introduction to G. J. Williams (gol .): Barddoniaeth neu Brydyddiaeth gan Wiliam Midleton . . . (Caerdydd, 1930), more particularly tt. 42-4); 235-40, further notes on Welsh poetic metres; and 241-6, further notes relating to two 'eisteddfodau' held at Carmarthen, ?1451 and ?1461.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

'Llyfr Gwallter Demapys'; genealogies of the saints; etc.,

A composite volume consisting of a number of home-made booklets containing miscellaneous items in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together. P. 31 is inscribed 'Gwallter Dymapys ar Drin Tir'. Pp. 37-52 contain a short treatise in Welsh on agricultural husbandry with the superscription 'Llyma Lyfr Gwallter Demapys [Walter Map or Mapes, the medieval author, fl. late twelfth century] sef cynghorion hen wr megis y dysgai ac y cynghorai ei ab ynghylch llafuriaw Tir a threfnu ysgrublaid fal hynn'. According to an end note (p. 52) the treatise was copied 'O Lyfr Mr. Richards o Langrallo', but for the opinion that it was compiled by Edward Williams himself and attributed to Walter Map see TLLM, t. 3. P. 53 contains a note, allegedly taken from Thomas Truman of Pant Lliwydd's book of pedigrees, linking Walter Map and his family with the village of Trewallter and parish of Llancarfan, co. Glamorgan, but for the falsity of this claim which is probably an Edward Williams forgery see again TLLM, t. 3. Pp. 54-68 contain a further treatise in Welsh on agricultural husbandry with the superscription 'Cyngor yr Hen Gyrys Megis yr oedd ynteu yn cynghori ei fab fal hynn'. This, according to a note on p. 68, was copied from a volume in the possession of the Reverend Thomas Evans of Brechfa in 1800. For the connection between this and the treatise on agriculture which is to be found in the 'Red Book of Hergest' and which was published in The Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, vol. II, pp. 8-16, see TLLM, t. 3. Pp. 69-196 (previously a separate booklet paginated 1-126) contain (pp. 69-116) genealogical and historical data relating to the saints of the island of Britain described (p. 69) as 'Achau Saint Ynys Prydain o Lyfr Thomas Hopcin o Langrallo a hwnnw yn un o Lyfrau Thomas ab Ifan o Dre Brynn yn yr un Plwyf a ysgrifenwyd gantho ynghylch y flwyddyn 1670', and (pp. 117-82) further genealogical and historical data relating to the said saints described (p. 117) as 'Achau a Gwelygorddau Saint Ynys Prydain o Lyfr Hir Thomas Truman o Bant Lliwydd Plwyf Llansannwr yin Morganwg' and with a concluding note (p. 182) 'O Lyfr hir Tomas Truman o Bant Lliwydd a fuassai yn un o Lyfrau Thomas ab Ifan o Dre Brynn'. Pp. 197-232 contain miscellaneous items including notes relating to 'Cadair Tir Iarll', aspects of Welsh bardism, 'cerddi arwest', the revision by Benwyll arwyddfardd of rules relating to rank and armorial bearings, etc., a few triads, references to 'Cadair Llanfihangel Glynn Afan', 'Cadair Llangynwyd Tir Iarll', 'Cadair y Wennarth', and 'Cadair Cefn Gorwydd', and anecdotes relating to Antoni Pywel and Ieuan Deulwyn. Pp. 233-300 form a booklet inscribed on the outer, upper cover (p. 233) '1808 Prydyddiaeth Cymmysg Iolo Morganwg' and containing (pp. 235-57) free- and strict-metre Welsh poems by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' himself. Pp. 301-32 form another booklet with a 'title-page' inscribed 'Anreg Beirdd Ynys Prydain I blant bychain Cymru . . . Argrafwyd (sic) yn Llundain, 1794. Pris 2d', and with the contents consisting of a list of Welsh proverbs or popular sayings headed 'Glam[organ] proverbs'.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A volume containing miscellaneous prose and verse items in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') and consisting of two main sections pp. 1-282 and pp. 283 466. The contents of the first section, pagination in brackets, include notes headed 'South Walian Rural Poetry (Cerdd Deuluaidd)' (9-10); notes relating to the antiquity of the period of the formation of the Welsh language and to the use of the 'Silurian dialect' as the 'literary dialect of North Wales' in medieval times ? to circa 1400 with suggestions as to the reason for this and mention of a 'History of Wales or rather of Britain' by T. Price of Plas Iolyn (23-30); notes relating to features of the bardic 'Dosparth y Ford Gronn' (39); comments on the tradition relating to the original home of the 'Cymry of Britain' being 'Gwlad yr Haf' (46); a note on the expression 'Y mae wedi myned i Gaerffili' linking its origin with the activities of the Spencer family in that area (51); lists, in English and Welsh, of the five royal (or kingly or princely) tribes of Wales (54-6); an extract from a 'cywydd' allegedly composed by Lewis Morganwg to Sir Wiliam Herbert of Raglan with a note on a bardic meeting convened by the latter in which the said Lewis was licensed as 'pencerdd gwlad ar holl Forganwg a Gwent' and the order of bards and musicians was reorganised into a system subsequently adopted in Gwynedd and Powys (73-4); notes relating to an 'eisteddfod' held 'ym monachlog Pen Rhys yng Nglyn Rhondde' in which the bard Gwilym ab Ieuan Hen alias Gwilym Tew exhibited a system of strict metres exemplified in his 'awdl' to the Virgin Mary (75-7); examples of 'foolish attempts which I [Edward Williams] made in very early youth . . . to write English verse on the principles of Welsh versification' (81); brief notes relating to the Welsh bards Casnodyn, Trahaearn Brydydd Mawr, Addaf ap Dafydd, Gruffudd ap Addaf ap Dafydd, and Rhys Goch ap Rhiccert (82-3); brief notes referring to the 'new system of bardism' instituted by King Arthur and systems based on it, e.g. 'Cadair Tir Iarll' (83-4); a list of the seven ecumenical councils held, 314-553 (87); ? a copy of a proposed title-page for 'Gair ym Mhlaid y Bibl . . . Yn atteb i Lyfr Tomas Paine . . .' being ? an intended translation by E[dward] Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') of Bishop Richard Watson of Llandaf's work [An Apology for the Bible . . . Letters . . . to Thomas Paine] (88); a note recording the death, 22 December 1803, of John Williams [Edward Williams's brother] (88); a brief note on the bardic 'clerwr' (92); a note relating to the contents of 'Bonedd y saint', its publication in the 'Welsh Archaiology', and a version 'amplified or interpolated' by the insertion of 'legends of wonderful miracles' to be found in a manuscript called Llyfr Twrog of 'circa 1300 or rather later' (93); a brief general note on Welsh bards (96); statistics relating to world religions (97); lists of Glamorgan proverbs (99, 177-8, 192, 195-6, 219-20, 226-7, 231-2, 238); an anecdote relating to Thomas Wyndham of Clear Wall [co. Gloucester] and the payment of annuities to his family's retired servants (100); Welsh medicinal recipes (106, 125, 194); miscellaneous extracts headed 'Mangoffeion o Lyfr Ysgrif Prydyddiaith Daf. Jones Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd sef nodau achlysurol (yn ysgol Rad y Cymry yn Llundain)' (115-19); a note on 'corfanau' (126); a list of seventy-five books, etc., with the superscription 'Edward Williams about the year 1798 sold Books and Stationary in Cowbridge and for a monthly order for books from London had the following from time to time amongst other orders' (128- 31); notes on the 'Clares, Lords of Glamorgan' (162-3); a note relating to Welsh pedigrees and their use to substantiate claims to land (164-5); data relating to Owen Glyn Dwr (166); a list of 'Glamorgan words and idioms' ( 171-2); the words and music of a dance tune 'Llanbedr ar fynydd, cainc ar fesur Triban' (173; see IM, t. 44); brief notes relating to the Cogan (later Williams) family from temp. Henry VII (175-6); transcripts of Welsh stanzas attributed to Dafydd Nicolas composed to exemplify 'Mesurau cerdd deuluaidd cyffredin ym Morganwg' with an added note by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (179-80); two lists headed 'Glamorgan words' and 'Enwau dirprwyiadol ym Morganwg' (181-3); a list of twenty-four names, etc., headed 'Awduron Dywenydd Morganwg' (187-8); (continued)

genealogical data headed 'Achau Morganiaid Tredegyr o Lyfr Mr. Cobb o Gaerdydd' (191); an anecdote relating to an unnamed incumbent of an unspecified parish in co. Glamorgan temp. Edward VI (193); notes relating to two eighteenth century 'eisteddfodau' held at Llansanffraid ar ogwr and Pont y Goetre Hen and to the Powel family of y Tonn Du and Y Goedtre Hen incorporating 'englynion' attributed to . . . Pywel and Benjamin Dafydd 'o Lynnogwr' (200-01); the words of a 'triban' set to music (203); the music of an air called 'Bwbach Darllain al. Bwbach darlludd' (204; see IM, t. 53, n. 38); a list of traditional customs in Glamorgan ('Arferion Morganwg') (208-09; see IM, tt. 38-40); a genealogy tracing the direct descent of Rhisiart Fychan, Iarll Carberry (earl of Carberry), fl. 1661, from Gwaithfoed, king of Caredigion, and a note on the arms of the said Gwaithfoed and his descendants (213-14); ? extracts from letters from Charles Winter [Arminian Baptist minister at Craig Fargod, co. Glamorgan] to Harri Charles referring to, inter alia, Rhys Dafydd [? Rees David, Arminian Baptist of the same period and area] (220-22); genealogical notes tracing the descent of Dafydd Llwyd ap Llywelyn ap Gruffudd of Mathafarn [poet] and his descendants from Padarn Beisrudd (223-4); the words and music of an unnamed Glamorgan air (225); a short list of old churches ? in Glamorgan, a short list of Glamorgan place-names containing the element cog-, a note on George Morgan of Pen Cefn Cribwr, ? circa 1680, and two triads (230); a list of rhyming proverbs (233-5); a list of 'Silurian idioms' (237); a brief historical note relating to Swansea castle (242); a note relating to Siôn Cent, Dafydd Ddu 'o Hiraddug', and 'chwedl Einiawn ap Gwalchmai a'r Ellylles' (245); a note on Urien Rheged (247); information allegedly obtained from Mr. [Thomas] Richards of Llangrallo [co. Glamorgan], the lexicographer, concerning manuscripts in the library at Tre groes [near Pencoed, co. Glamorgan] (264; see TLLM, t. 105); a list of eighteenth century poets mainly of cos. Carmarthen and Glamorgan (266); transcripts of Welsh free-and strict-metre verse, sometimes a single 'englyn' or stanza or extracts from a poem, including verse attributed to Daf. ap Edmwnd or Morys Dwyfech, Y Tywysog Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, and Einiawn Offeiriad (120), [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (124, 174, 202, 211-12, 217, 228, 267-82), Lewys Fowel and Siôn Rhydderch (161), Rhys Brydydd and Owain Gwynedd (173), Wil Hopcin (184), Ieuan Tir Iarll or John Bradford (189-90), Lewys Wiliam, 'gwerthwr llyfrau o Ferthyr' ('Tribanau'r Hoywal newydd, a elwir yn Saesneg Canal, o Ferthyr Tudfyl . . . i Dre Caer Dydd . . .') (197-9), 'yr offeiriad Willams (sic) o Benarth . . . cylch 1715' (202), y Parchedig Thomas Wilkins (205), Jonathan Hughs (207), Deio ap Ieuan Du (219), Lewis Hopcin and Edwd. Evan (228), Siôn Thomas Harri (242), and Morys Jones 'o blwyf Llangathen' (246), and unattributed verse (103, 174, 184, 185-6, 202, 205, 206, 207, 225, 239-41); lists of Welsh words (9-60, 90, 122-3, 132-4, 160, 218, 243); and extracts from various printed works including [James] Currie: The Life of [Robert] Burns, Walter Nicol: The Villa Garden Directory, H. P. Wyndham: Tour thro Monmouthshire and Wales, The Monthly Magazine, The Encyclopaedia Britannica, the works of Sir William Jones, etc. P. 283 is inscribed 'Casgledydd Penn Ffordd Yn Cynnwys amrafaelion o Goffadwriaethau a Sylwadau perthynol gan mwyaf i Forganwg sef Hynafiaethau, Prydyddiaeth Sathredig, Diarhebion, Geiriau ag ymadroddion Cymreig, Ceinciau ac erddiganau, hen Ddefodau ag arferion, Enwogion, ag hynodion o wyr a phethau, Hen Gestyll, Hen adeiliadoedd eraill, Hen orseddau, Cromlechau, etc., ynghyd ac amrafaelion o frasnaddiadau Cerdd dafawd Iolo Morganwg . . . 1800' (see IM, t. 67) and this appears to be the 'title-page' for the section now paginated 307-466 (previously 1-158) a list of the contents of which is to be found on pp. 285-8. Included are, pagination in brackets, lists or groups of Welsh proverbs or idiomatic expressions (309, 318, 320, 326, 343-4,347-9 373 376 379 382 411, 414-16, 428, 443-5, 454-5); groups or lists of Welsh words or phrases (309, 327, 338, 339 374-6, 377-8, 381, 413, 419, 428 446-7); (continued)

a short list of sayings attributed to Charles Winter aforementioned Arminian Baptist minister of Craig Fargod church [co. Glamorgan], circa 1750 (310); notes on a tradition relating to nine mounds associated with King Arthur in South Wales (316); an anecdote relating to a 'safe-conduct' given by Wm. Davies, incumbent of Llangyfelach, 1770, to an Englishman called Wiliam Hopman to travel from Llangyfelach to Llanymddyfn (319-20); a list of antiquities, etc., [in co. Glamorgan] (340-42); an anecdote relating to a visit by Siencyn Tomas, dissenting minister from co. Cardigan, to an 'eisteddfod' at Pil [co. Glamorgan] with a copy of an 'englyn' of welcome to him attributed to Siôn Rhydderch (343); notes relating to the locations of meetings of poets ('cyrddau prydyddion') held in co. Glamorgan (345); extracts from a pedigree of the family of Syr Rhys ap Thomas (349); a list of six principles headed 'Cyfraith Morganwg' (382); a brief note on the meeting house at Botffordd [co. Glamorgan] built in 1739 (383); an anecdote relating to Sir Wiliam Lewys of Gilfach Fargod and his attempt to apprehend parishioners of Gelligaer [co. Glamorgan] who were attending a service in a [dissenting] meeting house temp. Charles or James II (383); a note relating to the erection of a [dissenting] meeting house at Coed y Cymmer [co. Brecknock] in 1747 (383); an anecdote relating to the minister of a [dissenting] congregation at Sychbant, Mynydd yslwyn [co. Monmouth], temp. Charles II, with brief comments on the activities of bailiffs and constables with regard to dissenters during that period (384); a list of Glamorgan medicinal recipes ('Meddyginiaethau cyffredin yin Morganwg') (412); notes relating to Welsh harps including the triple harp, and to harpists named Elis Siôn Siamas of Llanfachreth, co. Merioneth, temp. Queen Anne, Siôn Siams, and Gruffudd Evan of Llanwynno [co. Glamorgan] (417-19); a list of names of places, rivers, etc., in co. Glamorgan (429-31); a list of four Welsh triads (447); notes relating to a Glamorgan harvesting custom (448); an extract from 'Brut y Tywysogion' re the Lord Rhys's 'eisteddfod' held in Cardigan (449); a description of a traditional game or pastime called 'Brigant neu chware'r Brigant' with the words and music of an accompanying song (450-52; for the text and comments see D. S[ilvan] E[vans]: 'Chwareu Brigant', The University College of Wales Magazine, vol. III, pp. 159-63; see also IM, t. 53); a further brief note relating to Glamorgan pastimes (452); lists of rivers, mountains, and castles in co. Glamorgan (461-4); transcripts of Welsh poems in strict and free metre including verse attributed to David Davies of Castell Hywel (306), William Moses 'o Gethin ym Merthyr Tudfyl neu Gwilym Glynn Taf' (307-09, 310, 314), Dafydd Nicolas (311-12, 321-3, 324, 339, 386, 449, 466), Dafydd Williams 'o Bont Run' (312 ), Edward Efan 'o Aberdar' (313), Thos. Llen 'o Regoes' (313, 337), Rhys Morgan 'o Bencraig Nedd yn eisteddfod Y[s]trad Dyfodwg, 1751' (314-15), Efan Siencyn Dafydd (317), [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (325, 328-37, 350-62, ? 362-9, 370-71, 379-80, 385-6, 387-408 (a sequence of one hundred and sixty tribannau entitled 'Tribanau Mebinogaidd Iolo Morganwg sef Tribanau Diarhebol'), 409-10, 420-21, 432, 438-41, 456, 466), Wm. Efan ( 338), Llywelyn 'o'r Canerw' (345), Morgan Wiliam 'o Gogyrwen' (379), Efan Thomas 'o Lan y Lai' (425), Ann Llywelyn 'o'r Blue Bell' (432), Iorwerth ab Ioan (435), Siôn Bwl 'o Lantrisaint' (453), Thos. Wiliam 'o Dregolwyn' (456), Dafydd o'r Nant (456), Huw Morys (456), ? Edward Evan (458-9), and Llelo Llwnc y Trothwy (465-6), and unattributed verse (312, 313, 317, 323, 324, 325, 327, 346, 372, 432, 442, 449, 457-60); and the words and music of airs called 'Cainc ar y Clych ym Morganwg' (413), 'Can Crottyn y Gwartheg neu Y Fuwch wynebwen lwyd' (421-2; see IM, t. 64, n. 55), 'Canu bachgen y Felin' (422-3), 'Can y Maensaer neu'r Maensaer mwyn' (424-5; see IM, t. 64, n. 55, and tt. 360-61), 'Can yr Angylion' (433), 'Cainc yr odryddes' (435; see IM, tt. 60-64), and 'Cainc y Cathreiwr' (436; see again IM, tt. 60-64), and of 'Salm ar y Bader' by 'Iolo Morganwg' (437-8).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers containing notes, lists, transcripts, jottings, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. Verse items include Welsh poems by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' including an eighteen-stanza poem ?composed in connection with a bardic meeting at Llanilldud Faerdref, Glamorgan, 1797 ('a ddatganwyd yngorsedd Alban Hefin ar fynydd Garth Llanilldud Faerdref ym Morganwg, 1797') (17-29 ), six stanzas ('Salm Newydd') written in connection with 'cadair Morganwg, Alban Hefin, 1797' (35-6), four 'englynion' written in connection with 'cadair Llantrisaint, Alban Hefin, 1767' (93), and miscellaneous other poems (43-4, 53-?7, 61, 70, 73, 77-8, 82, 91, 97, 113, 120, 149-50, 312, 365); transcripts of Welsh poems by other poets including a 'cywydd' attributed to Hywel Llwyd (103-07), eleven stanzas entitled 'Can yr Hen wr o'r Coed' with a note on the author Siencyn lygad Rhawlin of the parish of Llantrisaint Misgin (143-6), three 'englynion' attributed to Siôn Tudur (151), poems attributed to Edward Dafydd and Llen. Siôn 'o Langewydd' (161- 7), an 'englyn' attributed to Ednyfed Fychan (197), 'Cywydd y Messiah' attributed to the Rev. Evan Evans ('Ieuan Wynfardd o Geredigion') (205-16), a sequence of six 'englynion' attributed to Elis Wynn with a note on the author (217-19), an 'englyn' attributed to Richard Philip (307), 'englynion' attributed to Siôn Cent and Gruff. ab Lleision (321), and a sequence of five 'englynion' attributed to D[afydd ap] Gwilym (328); transcripts of, or extracts from, miscellaneous Welsh poems, mostly anonymous (37-41, 48-52, 58-60, 65, 72, 75, 78-9, 89-90, 95, 97-8, 102, 168-72, 341, 366, 372, 380-82 (eight stanzas entitled 'Ffanni Blodau'r Ffair'), 387-8, 390); and transcripts of English poems (89-90, 92, 97, 99- 101, 147, 312, 377-9 (fourteen stanzas headed 'Neath volunteers, a new song' and having the name 'Mrs. Bevan, Neath' at the end), 387-90). Prose items include notes on Bran ab Llyr and his family referred to in the Welsh poem by Edward Williams to be found on pp. 23-9 (30-34), data relating to the birth, baptism, marriage, and death of an Edward Williams, and the birth, baptism, and death of his daughter Elizabeth, the dates ranging from 1747 to 1795 (111; see IM, tt. 80-81), a list of twenty-four personal names under the heading 'MSS. in the hands of common people in Wales' (119), brief notes on post - Roman Wales, historical and literary (121 + 123), a brief note relating to literary figures associated with Glamorgan in medieval times (125), comments, presumably by Edward Williams, on contemporary literary figures in Gwynedd, viz. [David Thomas] 'Dafydd Ddu a'i gywion' and Robert Davies, and in South Wales, viz. Lewis Hopcin of the parish of Llandyfodwg, Siôn Bradford ('Ieuan Tir Iarll'), the Reverend Edward Ifan of Aberdar, the Reverend Thos. Richards of Llangrallo, the Reverend J. Walters, the Reverend [Thomas] Llywelyn, Rhys Morgan of Pencraig Nedd, Dafydd Nicolas of Aberpergwm, and Edward Williams of Llancarvan, these latter being acquaintances of the writer (127-33), a brief note on aphoristic literature, proverbs and triads, etc., in Welsh (138), a note on the natural features of the parish of Llancarvan [co. Glamorgan] (141), a note on 'cynghanedd' attributed to Meiryg Dafydd (151), incomplete notes on bardism beginning 'Llyma Lyfr y Barddas sef Dosparth cyfarwyddyd a wnaeth Ceraint Fardd Glas ar gelfyddyd a gorwyddawd . . . Beirdd Ynys Prydain' (156-7), a list of words [in the Scottish language] headed 'Alan Ramsay's Glossary' (175-9), a medicinal recipe (184), a copy of the inscription on the tombstone of Lydia Phell (ob. 1699) in Quaker's Yard, parish of Merthyr Tydvil, and notes relating to her and her connection with the Quakers (186-7), a brief chronicle of events in Welsh history, mainly in South Wales, 1172-1280 (193-8), notes relating to Gilbert de Clare (temp. Edward I) and to a battle between Wiliam ab Ysbwrn and Iestin ab Gwrgan in 1072 (199-200), ? a copy of the title-page of Theophilus Lindsey: Conversations on the Divine Government . . . (London, 1802) (225), a Welsh version of the text of the Gospel of Nicodemus ('Llyma Efengyl Nicodemys . . . a drosed o'r Lladin gan Syr Dafydd Fychan . . . ') (239-87), horticultural notes (303), a transcript of a letter to the reader written by Dafydd Llwyd in 1663 as an introduction to a history of the Norman Conquest of Glamorgan compiled by him from such sources as the works of Caradoc of Llancarvan, Syr Edward Stradling, Syr Edward Mawnsell, and Antoni Powel of Llwydarth (305-06, 313-16; for an opinion that this prefatory letter was compiled by Edward Williams himself see TLLM., t. 201), a copy of proposals for raising funds for financing a new version of the English Bible (308-09), the music of a 'March by E. Wms' ( 310), brief notes of historical events, meteorological phenomena, etc., in Britain, 60 A.D.-1703 A.D., in non-chronological order (317-18, 322-4), a copy of an epitaph to William Collins ? in Bath abbey (329), a note relating to the mythological account of the origin of letters and subsequent additions to the original number (334), an anecdote relating to a visit to the court of the Emperor of Constantinople by Rhys ap Tewdwr and Iestin ab Gwrgant, their return to Wales, and their quarrel concerning Nest, wife of Iestin, etc. (335-6), notes on 'greeting' and 'questing' poems in Welsh and the practice of making birds, the wind, etc., messengers in such poems (337-8), notes on the early 'systematizing' of the Cimmeric language (346), chronological extracts from the Welsh chronicle 'Brut y Saeson' (349-50, 353-4), a scheme or chapter subject - headings for a proposed history of Wales ('Hanes Cymru yn wyth rhann') ( 352), 'A Table of the Roman Kalendar' (356-7), genealogical data relating to Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg')'s family on his mother's side gathered allegedly in conversations with Lewys Hopcin, a kinsman (363-4), very brief notes relating to the bards D[afy]dd ap Gwilym, Sion Cent, Rhys Goch Eryri, Iolo Goch, and Rhys Goch 'o Dir Iarll' (375), a copy of a letter from [Edward Williams] 'Iorwerth Gwilym' from Trefflemin, 1770, [to the publishers of Trysorfa Gwybodaeth] expressing his delight at their publishing venture and offering a sequence of twelve 'englynion' (also transcribed) for publication (see Trysorfa Gwybodaeth neu Eurgrawn Cymraeg, 1770) (384-6), and groups or lists of Welsh words including place-names and proper names (62, 71, 81-2, 92, 148, 341, 347-8 371, 376). Notes in a few instances have been written on the blank dorse or margins of copies of a printed leaflet announcing the publication of Edward Williams's two volumes of English verse Poems Lyric and Pastoral, and a copy of a printed leaflet announcing the publication of 'A Complete Directory and Guide to the town of Cardiff, the Town and Castle of Caerphilly, . . .' in 1813.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Thomas Richards of Coychurch,

'Proper names of Rivers' by and in the autograph of Thomas Richards of Coychurch, Glamorgan, lexicographer, and a transcript of the list of subscribers to Antiquae Linguae Britannicae Thesaurus, which he published in 1753.

Thomas Richards and others.

Nodiadau ar unigolion

Nodiadau byr, gan fwyaf, ar unigolion megis Theophilus Evans, Edward Samuel, Silvan Evans, Thomas Richards, Edward Kyffin, John Walters (ynghyd ag amlen yn cynnwys 'John Walters a'i feibion, a Rhys Thomas, yr argraffydd'), aelodau teulu'r Myddleton, Ieuan Fardd, Angharad Llwyd, Thomas Edwards ('Twm o'r Nant'), Thomas Evans ('Tomos Glyn Cothi'), John Penri, Syr John Wynn o Wydir, Thomas Pennant, Goronwy Owen, Griffith Jones, Llanddowror, a Dr William Parry.