Fonds GB 0210 CARWAR - Cardiganshire Great War Tribunal (Appeals) Records,

Identity area

Reference code

GB 0210 CARWAR

Title

Cardiganshire Great War Tribunal (Appeals) Records,

Date(s)

  • 1916-1918 / (Creation)

Level of description

Fonds

Extent and medium

0.258 cubic metres (9 boxes)

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

During the First World War, military service appeals tribunals were an integral part of the conscription system established by the Military Service Act 1916 (5 & 6 George 5 ch. 104.). This Act required adult males to register for military service unless they possessed a certificate of exemption. Exemption could be claimed on grounds of essential war work, ill-health, family dependants or conscientious objection. The tribunal system had a tripartite structure. Initial claims for exemptions were heard by a local tribunal, based on pre-existing district council boundaries; appeals against its decisions were heard by an appeals tribunal, based on county council/county borough boundaries, and further appeals could be passed on to a Central Tribunal in London. The system updated the pre-existing 'Derby scheme' (which was a voluntary recruiting scheme) and introduced appeals tribunals, with quasi-judicial powers. Exemptions granted could be permanent, conditional or temporary, and all were revocable. It was rare for Appeals Tribunals to change the status of an exemption granted. An absolute right of appeal existed both for the individual and for the military services, whose representative at the local tribunal could lodge an appeal if it was felt that exemption had been granted on improper grounds. The whole system was overseen by the Local Government Board, with some input from November 1917 by the Ministry of National Service. Two groups of men were dealt with by the tribunals. The first were the so-called 'attested' men, who had declared a willingness to serve under the Derby scheme; some of these had claimed temporary/conditional exemptions. The other group was those men who had made no declarations about willingness to serve. Both groups had the right to apply for exemption certificates under the Military Service Act. Those found to be making false claims could be imprisoned for six months. The secretarial duties were performed by a clerk, who, in the case of Cardiganshire, was Edgar Evans, clerk to Cardiganshire County Council. He appears to have been responsible for the records. All the records of tribunals were officially ordered to be destroyed by the Ministry of Health, as successor to the Local Government Board, in 1921, apart form the Middlesex Appeals records and those for Peebles in Scotland, which were exempted, but those for Cardiganshire, along with those for Northamptonshire, have survived.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Deposited by George Eyre Evans and Sgt-Major Fear, 1924.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Individual appeal case papers, 1916-1918; official handbooks, circulars and statutes used by the Appeals Tribunal, 1916-1918; minutes, correspondence and working papers, 1916-1918, with brief details of cases considered; register of attendance, 1916-1918; correspondence relating to expense claims, 1916-1918; Clerk of Tribunal's notebooks, 1916-1918, with rough notes of individual cases; letters relating to individual appeal cases and correspondence with the Central Tribunal; list of appeals heard by the Cardiganshire Appeal Tribunal, 1916-1918; District appeal papers (Applications for Exemption and Notices of Appeal) and associated correspondence, 1916-1918; applications for medical examination and miscellaneous documents that appear to have strayed from the office of Edgar Evans, relating to electoral arrangements, 1918-1919, together with correspondence relating to electoral registers, 1918.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Action: All records deposited at the National Library of Wales have been retained..

Accruals

Accruals are not expected.

System of arrangement

Arranged into the following: official handbooks, circulars and statutes; minutes, correspondence and working papers; district appeal papers; and miscellaneous.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright regulations apply.

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

English.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

A hard copy of the catalogue is available at the National Library of Wales. The catalogue can be accessed on-line.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Related descriptions

Notes area

Note

Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number

vtls003844066

Project identifier

ANW

Access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = The National Library of Wales

Rules and/or conventions used

Description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) 2nd ed.;AACR2; and LCSH

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

January 2003; revised October 2007.

Language(s)

  • English

Script(s)

Sources

Archivist's note

Compiled by Seri Crawley for the ANW Project; revised November 2007. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: NLW Schedule of Cardiganshire Great War Tribunal (Appeals) Records; and e-mail, dated 5 October 2007, from William Hetherington, Honorary Archivist, Peace Pledge Union.

Accession area