Fonds GB 0210 CARWYD - Carreglwyd Estate Records,

Identity area

Reference code



Carreglwyd Estate Records,


  • 1329-1864 (predominantly 1500-1780) / (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

0.45 cubic metres (49 boxes, 10 wallets and 2 rolls)

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

The ancestors of the Griffith family of Carreg-lwyd had been settled in Anglesey since at least the fourteenth century, when Gwilym ap Gruffydd of Penrhyn in the parish of Llandygai, Caernarfonshire, and sheriff of Anglesey in 1396, married Morfydd, daughter and heir of Grono Fychan of Penmynydd (d. 1382). William Griffith Fychan, their son, and chamberlain of North Wales in 1440, was the first to use Griffith as a surname. William Griffith (1515-87), rector of Llanfaethlu, Anglesey, purchased the Ty'n-y-pant estate for £700 which was later renamed Carreg-lwyd.

John Griffith of Bloxham, Oxfordshire, and Carreg-lwyd, Anglesey, William's son, was secretary to Henry Howard, 1st earl of Northampton (1540-1614), and added much to the Carreg-lwyd estate. Another John Griffith (c. 1732-1776) married Mary (c. 1727-1799), daughter and heir of Richard Trygarn, Caernarfonshire, bringing the Berw and Trygarn estates to the family.

In 1838 Richard Trygarn Griffith (c. 1788-1866) of Carreg-lwyd and Berw married Emma Mary (d. 1899), daughter of Captain Digby Thomas Carpenter of Hawke House, Sunbury. The marriage produced an only daughter, Maria Emma Elizabeth Conway Griffith (1840-1917). In 1880, she married Sir Chandos Stanhope Hoskyns Reade, 7th baronet, but died childless, and was succeeded in the Carreg-lwyd and Berw estates by her cousin, Major Frederick Carpenter (1851-1937). He died without surviving issue, and was succeeded by his nephew, Major Frederick Noël Carpenter (b. 1881).

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Deposited by Major F. Carpnter-Holland-Griffith of Carreg-lwyd in 1924, with a small additional deposit by Messrs Gregory, Rowcliffe & Co. of London, solicitors, in July 1964.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Estate records, mainly title deeds, of the Carreg-lwyd and Berw estates, Anglesey, and family papers, mainly correspondence, of the Griffith family of Carreg-lwyd and the Holland family of Berw, 1329-1864, including valuable early 17th century papers relating to affairs of state, accumulated by John Griffith, secretary to Henry Howard (1540-1614), 1st earl of Northampton, Keeper of the Privy Seal, 1608-1614, and First Commissioner of the Treasury, 1612-1614; accounts and papers relating to the administration of the county of Anglesey, including muster rolls, 1602-1656, mainly for the hundreds of Tindaethwy, Menai and Talybolion; mise, window, house and land tax assessments, 1653-1764, mainly for the hundreds of Tindaethwy, Menai and Talybolion; rentals of Crown lands in the same hundreds; 1503-1737; papers of Dr William Griffith (1597-1648), successively chancellor of the dioceses ofSt Asaph and Bangor, and Commissioner of North Wales from 1633; account of the funerals of Elizabeth I and James I, [1625], and a census of the inhabitants of the parish of Llanfaethlu, Anglesey, August 1690.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

All records deposited at NLW have been retained.


Accruals are not expected.

System of arrangement

Arranged into the following sections: Series I: deeds and documents, 1329-1864; Series II: letters and personalia, 1552-1886; Series III: photostat copies of certain papers, 1595-1783; and Series IV: two MS volumes deposited in July 1964.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply.

Language of material

  • English
  • Latin

Script of material

Language and script notes

English, Latin.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed on-line from The National Archives Manorial Documents Register.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

A history of the Carpenter family is NLW ex 1285.

Related descriptions

Notes area


Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number


GEAC system control number


Access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

July 2001.


  • English



Archivist's note

Compiled by Stephen Benham.

Archivist's note

The following source were used in the compilation of this description: Griffith, John Edwards, Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families (Wrexham, 1998 reprint), Burke's Landed Gentry (London, 1952);

Accession area