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Achau, barddoniaeth, etc.

An early seventeenth century manuscript, fragile, written c. 1611-1621 and possibly earlier by Roger Williams, clerk, rector of the parish of St. Nicholas, co. Glamorgan [the scribe of parts of Llanstephan MS 41] and containing pedigrees, Welsh poetry, medical and veterinary recipes, etc. Roger Williams [TLLM, 41n, 213-4] was the son of Roger William of Prisk [in the parish of Llanddunwyd (Welsh St. Donats)] and he married Elinor Rees [daughter of Rhys Amheurug (Rees Merrick)]: his pedigree is on p. 27 of this manuscript (cf. Llanstephan MS 41, p. 173). A folio or folios are wanting at the beginning and someone has written the words 'The Isue [sic] of Gruffydd fawr [De Radyr]' opposite the first page (p. 4). The contents, except where otherwise stated, consist of genealogical data relating to the persons or places specified as follows: p. 8, part of an account mentioning Pwllymyn, etc.; 9, the issue of Lle'n ap Kynwrige; 10, a 'cywydd' by Rys Brychan; 12, a 'cywydd' by Howel ap Davyd ap Ievan ap Rees; 14, mention of William Thomas, son of Thomas Gwilim Jenkin of Gwern ddy in the parish of St. Brids near Abergenvenye [sic]; 16, a copy of a general release, 1613, from Elizabeth Howell of Welshe St. Donettes, co. Glamorgan, spinster, to William Rosser of the same, yeoman, executor of the will of Thomas Rosser late of Welshe St. Donettes aforesaid, deceased; 17, recipes; 18, a 'cywydd' by Llewelyn ap Howell ap Ievan Gronow; 21, recipes, extracts, etc.; 24, pedigree of the Mansells; 26, a copy of a note from John Robertes, rector of Langan; 27, descendants of Howell Vawr apris ap Cradocke . . .; 28, Mansells, etc.; 29, descendants of Roger de Londres of Ogmor and Kydwelye; 29-30, 'englynion' by Thomas Lle'n and Sion Tomos Hwel, in another hand, followed by a note concerning the jointure of Agnes Rosser, wife of Thomas Edwardes late deceased of St. Hilarye, co. Glamorgan, gent.; 31, Rychard Thomas of Tree r groes within the parish of Coychurch (cf. 45), copy of a writ, 1598, medical recipes; 34, Bassetts [cf. Llanstephan MS 41, p. 62]; 35, lines of Welsh poetry and a note of a bond [1614], with an 'englyn' by Watkin apowell in the margin; 36, a copy of the will of John Bassett of Bewper in the parish of St. Hilary, 1512[/13] (Latin); 38, weather lore, husbandry, etc.; 45, an 'englyn' by Thomas William Howell, instructions for conducting prayers ('Chwi estyngwch y lawr ar dal ych glynie . . .'); 46, Thomas ap Rychard, register of the consistory court of Landaph, Rys Brydyth o Lanharan and his descendants including Lewis Morganwg (cf. p. 144); 47, Tho: ap Morgan, clerk, vicar of Pentrych [sic], Tho: ap ho'll ap ph'e; 48, veterinary recipes; 49, Sr Mathew Cradock, kt.; 116, Justyn, lo: of Glamorgan, Sr John Carn ('owt of Thomas Johns Collections'); 117, 'ach Godwyn Iarll Kernyw y dynnwyd o lyvyr Iollo goch'; 50, a 'cywydd' by Griffith llwyd davyd ap Inon Liglyw; 52, Collene [sic]; 53, descendants of Davyd Mathew including John Mathew Myles 'late gayler [sic] indicted for willfull escape of John Jenkin one of the murderers' [?1592-1593], Mayndy, Sr. Jo: Gams; 54, Bolston, George Gibon of Trecastell, Howell Johns 'yt dwellyth now in London', etc.; 55, Trym Bennoc ap Maynyrch; 56, 'englynion' by Thomas Lewis 'o Lleche'; 57, Lansannor gwin (Gwyn); 58, Coedbychan. . ., Miskin wrth gornel y park, Lanharan; (continued)

59, Talygarn; 60, Castell Scurla . . ., Hendre vorgan; 61, Byrthyn, parish of Llanblethian; 62, Llanwensan, parish of Peterston super Eley [sic], Abergorky ('Morgan davyd Cadwgans petygree accordinge to Tho: Johns Collections'); 64, John ap Davyd ap Hopkyn ['Ynys Dawe']; 65, Bettus (Llwarch ap Aren); 66, Lantryssent, Kelly gronn nere Collenne . . ., Lanwinno; 67, Colleney (cf. p. 52), Turbills [sic]; 68, Morgan Cradock ap Ph'e . . ., Carries (Wenny); 69, Nash [Carne]; 71, Turbervills; 72, 'drawen owt of Rychard tho: ap gr' gochs Card of William llyn his drawing', Chadles; 74, Davyd ap hopkin ap tho: ap hopkin, Harrye John ap Richard; 75, Goed tree (cf. p. 144), Brigan; 76, Glynogwr; Ryw gwrach y blawd, Rywperrey; 77, Lanbradach and also a reference (twice) to the marriage of 'younge Mr Kemis of monmouth shire dwellynge verye nere to Catch asse', 1613[/14]; 78, Blaen Baglan, Aberavan, and Tir Iarll; 79, Langowyd [?Llangonydd], Neth (Mr Lyson Ievans); 80, Mr (Wm) Price, Cradock ap Iestyn - Blaen Baglan, Gwyrvill verch Hopkin ap d'd ap Hopkin; 81, Wm ap John ap Res ap Jenkin and Lantwyt vaer dree in miskin; 82, Bettus, Bridgend, William ffilib william; 83, Marlas (Rychard ap thomas ap gr' goch) 'drawen owt of Rychard tho: his Card'; 84, Caerwige (parish of Pendoylown), Jenkin ap wm ap gebb'n; 85, Rydlavar, Ystradvellte, Lantrissent; 86, Bach ap Gwayt, Lanylyd; 87, Landow; 88, Marcrosse [Vann], Splott. Bawdripps; 89, (?) Monnton ['Fflemings'], Lantrythed; 90, Groeswen, Sweldon, Margam; 91, Braych y kymor, Langynwyr; 92, Kelligaer i n Seynhenydd, Lewis ap Res, Pendoylon; 93, Broviskin; 94, St Nycholas, Lanharan, Saint fagans. Gibons; 95, Michelston, Bedwes, Broviskin; 96, Pendoylon; 97, 'from Ievan Jenkins of Langowyd' and [from] Thomas Jones; 98, Justyn lo: of Glamorgan; 99, Bleddyn ap Convyn, prince of powis, Griffith ap. Conan k of Gwynedd; 100, Rys ap Tewdwr k of Deheybarth, Elystan Glodrydd, prince betwyn wye and Severn; 101, Bleddyn ap Meynyrch lo: of Brecon, Trym bennog lo: of Cantre selyff, Guillyn lo: of ydstradyw, Einon ap gollwyn, and Argwydd [sic] lle'n; 102, Griffith ap yr argwydd [sic] Rys; 103, descendants of Ph'e fleming; 104, Baydan, parish of Langowyd - Gwayr ap Aren, Ystradyvodwg; 105, Cayre, Sergeant (d'd) Williams; 106, Brigan; 107, Ystrad ffin, Rys Gryg; 111, Aleth k of dyved; 112, Mathravan, followed by miscellaneous pedigrees; 118, (?) Abercrag; 119, Llanvrynach, Maesmawr; 120, Llandy bie, Kydweli, Aber Afan; 121, Brecon [Awbrey]; 122, Llandybie, Tir Rawlff, Arth brengi, Arwystly, Kaer Sws yn Arwystly; 123, Shere drevaldwyn. Kyviliog, Yskethrog Brecon, Sheree [sic] Gaervyrthin [Sr Rys ap tho:]; 126, Gada, Gwinionydd ywch kerdyn, Gwinionydd iskerdyn, Caer wedros; 127, Gwinionydd ywch aeron, Mab ffynion [sic] yn isaeron, Hirvryn, Eifel yn Swydd gaer, Penryn dyfed yn Swydd gaer, Mallaen yn Swydd gaer, Cayo yn Swydd gaer; 128, Carnwllon, Kydweli, Gener glyn yng Credigion, Cwmwd perfedd, Cryddyn ywch arfon ['aeron']; 128(a), Glyn aeron, Llangibi, with a note of the names of the sons of Rice Kemis of Llanvayr, co. Monmouth, 1617 and 1621; 128(b), descendants of Lle'n lia; 129, Ystradyvodwg, Brigan; 130, Langonoyd, Veddifnych yn Sheere gaer; 131, Y Slough, Aber yskyr; 132, Tyr Raulff (cf. p. 122), Pymtheg llwyth Gwynedd; 133, Mibon [sic] kynvarch oer, Shir Gaer [Griffith dwn]; 135, Owein glyndyfrdwy; 136, Langattwg dyffryn vsk; 137, Plant Ievan ap Jenkyn Kemys or began, Plant Sr Tho: Morgan hen o pencoyd, Mibon kenedda wledig ay tiveddiaeth; 139, Meibion kynwyd kynhwydion, Plant llwarch hen, Yal; 140, Pyctown in Pembroke Shire, Whit Church in monmoth Shire; 141, Penros, Troe, Tremsaran in Caerm'then Shire; 142, Aber Gwili Elystan glodrydd; 143, Wm Bleddyn Bishop of landaph, etc., and [(?) an extract from] Davydd Benwyn ' in an ould Rowl of Marlas'; 144, Goed tree (cf. p. 75), and Rys brydydd and his descendants (cf. p. 46); 145, a religious poem in Welsh consisting of thirty-three stanzas in free metre ('tribanau'); 150, recipes; 151, Caerwige, parish of Pendoylown, co. Glamorgan; 152 (insert, in another hand) 'of Troy'; and 155, 'Pymb Brenhinllwyth kymru'. The manuscript contains annotations by both Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', and Taliesin Williams, 'Taliesin ab Iolo'.

Roger Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg' and Taliesin Williams.

Barddoniaeth, &c.,

  • NLW MS 11087B [RESTRICTED ACCESS].
  • File
  • [16-17 cents].

A volume of transcripts of Welsh poetry. The first fifty-one folios contain copies, in a 16th-century hand, of 'cywyddau' by Siôn Cent, Iolo Goch, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Madog Benfras, Gruffudd Gryg, Dafyddd ab Edmwnd, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Tudur Aled, Dafydd Nanmor and others. The remainder of the volume (ff. 52-147) is in several hands of the end of the 17th century. At the head of f. 52 is the following note:- 'Haec sequens Collectio facta fuit Opera P.V.A.M. ...', the initials probably representing the name of Peter Vaughan, M.A., who was vicar of Llangernyw from 1682 to 1689. This part of the manuscript contains the names and arms of the fifteen tribes of Gwynedd; pedigrees of some Abergele families (among them that of Peter Vaughan himself) taken from the books of Sion Tudur and Rhys Cain; an account of the five residences of Sir Roger Mostyn in 1682; poetry in strict and free metres by Sion Tudur, Morus Dwyfech, Richard Phylip, Gryffydd Phylip, Guto'r Glyn, Maredudd ap Rhys, Edmwnd Prys, Lewis Glyn Cothi and others; etc.

Brut Ieuan Brechfa; Brut Aberpergwm; triads, etc.

A composite volume containing miscellaneous historical and literary material in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Pp. 24-36 contain a transcript of a version of the medieval Welsh Chronicle of the Princes associated with the name of the fifteenth century poet and genealogist Ieuan Brechfa with the title or superscription 'Brut y Tywysogion . . . a dynnwyd o Lyfrau Caradawc Llancarfan ac eraill o hen Lyfrau Cyfarwyddyd a ysgrifenodd Ieuan Brechfa'. The transcript was allegedly made by Edward Williams from a volume in the possession of Rhys Thomas, printer, of Cowbridge, and the text was published in The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales, vol. II, 1801, pp. 470-565 (bottom section of pages). Pp. 37-135 contain one of the two known reputed transcripts by Edward Williams of the allegedly variant version of the aforesaid Welsh Chronicle of the Princes known as 'Brut Aberpergwm' or the 'Gwentian Brut'. The title or superscription reads 'Llyma Vrut y Tywysogion val y bu Ryfeloedd a Gweithredoedd enseiliaid a Dialeddau a Rhyfeddodau gwedi eu tynnu o'r hen gofion cadwedig a'u blynyddu'n drefnedig gan Garadawc Llancarfan', and the text was reputedly transcribed by [Edward Williams] 'Iorwerth Gwilym' in 1790 from one of the manuscripts of the Reverend Thomas Richards, curate of Llangrallo [co. Glamorgan], who, in turn, had reputedly copied the work in 1764 from a manuscript in the possession of George Wiliams of Aber Pergwm [co. Glamorgan] (see p. 135). For the other reputed transcript of this text allegedly from the same source see NLW MS 13113B (Llanover C. 26) above. Other items in the volume include pp. 13-18, variant versions of parts of the introductory section to Lewis Dwnn's Visitations (see S. R. Meyrick (ed.): Heraldic Visitations of Wales . . . by Lewys Dwnn (Llandovery, 1846), pp. 7 and 9); 18-20, a list of eleven Welsh writers who had recorded the genealogies and deeds of the Welsh ('sgrifennyddion a gadwasant gof am achau a gweithredoedd y Cymry') allegedly copied from a book in the possession of Ben Simon 'y Bardd o Borth Myrddin'; 20-24, a further list of twenty Welsh poets or writers who had written about Wales and the island of Britain ('Enwau'r Prydyddion Awdurdodol . . . a ysgrifenasant am Wlad Gymru ac am Ynys Prydain') (see IM, t. 308); 136-7, a note by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' in 1801 on the attribution of works to ancient writers and poets such as Caradawc o Lancarfan, Taliesin, etc.; 138-57, another account of the quarrels between Iestin fab Gwrgan, lord of Glamorgan, and Rhys fab Tudur, prince of South Wales, and between the said Iestin and Einion ab Collwyn, the invitation to Sir Rhobert fab Hamon and the Norman knights to intervene, the consequent conquest of Glamorgan by the Normans, and the division of the country between Sir Rhobert and his twelve knights, with brief notes on the subsequent holders of the thirteen original divisions ('Hanes y Tri Marchog ar Ddeg a ddaethant i Forganwg yn Amser Iestin ab Gwrgan', allegedly transcribed from a volume in the possession of the Reverend Thos. Basset of Lann y Lai, co. Glamorgan); 158- 61, notes on variations in a second version of the account of the conquest of Glamorgan (pp. 138-57) to be found in the aforesaid Mr. Bassett's volume; 163-4, a list of Glamorgan bards with the places where they lived; 179 + 182, a brief chronicle of historical and pseudo-historical events in British history, 2nd - 5th century A.D.; 183, notes on an 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen in the time of Rhys ab Tewdur; 191-4, notes on Sir Robert Fitzhamon and his twelve knights and 'chronological notes from the Encyclopaedia Britanica'; 195-223, transcripts of three series of triads with the superscriptions 'Trioedd Ynys Prydain o'r Delyn Ledr ymha Lyfr yr oeddent wedi eu hysgrifennu o Lyfr Mr. Robert Vaughan o Hengwrt' (91), 'Trioedd y Meirch' (11), and 'Llyma ychwaneg o Drioedd Ynys Prydain allan o Lyfr Mr. Robert Vaughan o Hengwrt' (4); 224, an anecdote relating to Maelgwn Gwynedd; 225-31, transcripts of Welsh verse attributed to Lewys Môn, Taliesin, and Cattwg ddoeth; 231-3, lists of proverbial or wisdom sayings headed 'Llyma Gynghorion Cattwg ddoeth', 'Llymma Goreuau Cattwg Sant ab Gwynlliw', and 'Llymma Goreuau Meugant Bardd Cystenin Fendigaid'; 233-51, transcripts of series of triads with the superscriptions 'Llyma Drioedd a gant Iolo Morganwg', 'Trioedd Cattwg Sant', 'Llymma Drioedd a dalant eu hystyrio cyn gwreicca', 'Llymma Drioedd y Gwragedd priod', and 'Llyma Drioedd o hen Lyfr Lewys Hopcin'; 257-66, transcripts of Welsh poems and exemplary verse attributed to Mab claf i Lywarch, Y Cwtta Cyfarwydd, and Dafydd Nanmor; 271-5, an incomplete series of triads (5 + part of 6) with the superscription 'Llymma Drioedd Cof Cyfarwydd yn son am hynodion o wyr ac o betheu a fuant gynt yn Ynys Prydain . . .' (pp. 267-70, with p. 267 inscribed 'Trioedd Ynys Prydain o Lyfr Iaco ab Dewi gan Rys Thomas, Argraphydd, a fu gynt yn eiddo Twm Siôn Catti', were probably formerly the upper and lower covers of a home-made booklet intended to contain a version of the third series of 'Trioedd Ynys Prydain' of which the contents of pp. 271-5 are probably a fragmentary draft (see Rachel Bromwich: 'Trioedd Ynys Prydain' in Welsh Literature and Scholarship (Cardiff, 1969), p. 13)); 287-300, an alphabetical list of old Welsh words with modern equivalents; 303-09, brief notes headed 'Some account of the Welsh Bards'; 315-17, etymological and other miscellaneous notes; 318, transcripts of a short series of Welsh triads called 'Trioedd yr Addurneu' and of four 'englynion' attributed to [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg'; 319, a brief note relating to ? Nonconformist meetings associated with Blaen Gwrach [co. Glamorgan]; 327-34, a transcript of the poem 'Kad Goddeu' attributed to Taliesin; 335-8 notes relating to a Unitarian society called 'Gwyr Cwm y Felin' which allegedly flourished at Cwrn y Felin, co. Glamorgan, in the eighteenth century with a reference to Edward Williams's attitude to Unitarianism (see TLLM, tt. 215, 239, 314, and IM, t. 73); (continued)

339-47, notes relating to developments in Welsh metrics and literature to the late eighteenth century; 349-50, notes on the 'Cimmerii' or 'Cimbri', etc.; 351, a note on the connection between the freemasons and St. Alban; 352, a list of the princes of Glamorgan from the time of Aedd Mawr to the time of Iestin ap Gwrgan; 363-5, transcripts of two poems attributed to Morgan Talhai 'o Lansanffraid Fawr ym Morganwg'; 371-4, historical memoranda relating to Gower including an incomplete list of the lords of Gower from the time of Henry I onwards; 375-82, etymological and historical notes relating to the names and regions of Gwent / Essyllwg / Morganwg (mention of 'Ragland Castle Library, the best collection of old Welsh MSS. that ever existed'); 383-4, a note on the possible antiquity of the period of the formation of the Welsh language; 384-90, miscellaneous poetic and other extracts mainly Welsh, and lists of the names of the months in Armoric and Cornish; 393-4 a transcript of an eight-stanza English poem by Taliesin Williams 'written at the Lamb and Flag, Vale of Neath, 1816'; 401-03, a draft copy of an advertisement for the proposed publication of a Welsh quarterly magazine to be called 'Goleugrawn Deheubarth', the first issue to appear in June 1818; 407-11, extracts from [William] Coxe: [An Historical Tour in] Mon[mouth]shire . . . (London, 1801), part 11, appendix 1; 415-18, a copy of a tale relating to King Arthur and his knights sleeping in a cave full of treasure at Craig y Ddinas; 419-22, extracts from [P. H.] Mallet [: Northern Antiquities . . .] and the works of Caedmon; 423-30, notes headed 'Plan of the Analytical Dissertation on the Welsh Language by E[dward] W[illiams]'; 431-5, brief notes relating to the cultivation of literary languages and 'the mode of examining or investigating the principles on which any language has been formed'; 436, a brief list of the 'numerous names of God' in Welsh; 440 + 453, notes relating to ? earth tremors in the area between Cowbridge and the sea in July and August 1809; 445-8, notes headed 'Preface to History of the Bards - hints', with references to the work of [Edward] Jones ['Bardd y Brenin']; 455-7, extracts from [George] Lytte[l]ton : [The] History of [the Life of King] Henry the Second; 457-9, miscellaneous triads; 460-61, extracts from poems by Tudur Aled and G[uto'r] Glyn to abbots of Lanegwystl; 471-82, two sets of notes headed 'On Welsh Literature. Miscellaneous' and 'Cardigan and North Pembroke Dialects' containing general observations on the nature, etc., of Welsh literature and the Welsh language with references to classes held for learning to read Welsh; 482-6, notes on a reputed Welsh bard 'Keraint Vardd Glas otherwise Y Bardd Glas Keraint seemingly the Glaskerion of Chaucer'; 487-91, copies of two rhetorical prose exercises in the form of two love-letters in Welsh addressed by a member of the Powel family of Llwydiarth [co. Glamorgan] to a young lady; 491-500, a brief sketch in Welsh of the history of Morgannwg from the time of Morgan Mwynfawr to the time of the Tudors reputedly from a volume once in the possession of the Reverend Mr. Gamais (Gamage), vicar of St. Athan [co. Glamorgan], and then in the possession of Mr. John Spencer of the same parish; 501-05, transcripts of two letters reputedly exchanged between the sixteenth century poets Siôn Mowddwy and Meirig Dafydd concerning criticism by the latter of the former's verse, mention being made by Meirig Dafydd of the rival Welsh strict-metre systems of Dafydd Emwnt and the bards of Morgannwg (for references to manuscript and published versions of these letters see IMCY, t. 167, and TLLM, t. 86, n. 26-7, and for the opinion that Meirig Dafydd's reply was composed by Edward Williams himself see TLLM, t. 78, n. 6, and t. 86); 505, 'Llyma bump Tywysawglwyth Cymru'; 507- 12, an incomplete list of twenty four early kings of Britain recounting their feats and accomplishments ('Hanes Pedwar Brenin ar hugain a varnwyd yn henna ac yn wrola o'r Brutaniaid i Ddeiliaid ag i Gwncwerio'); 513-16, notes on the lineage of Iestyn ap Gwrgan ('Llyma wehelyth Iestyn ap Gwrgan un o bump Brenhinllwyth Cymru a Phen hynaif Tywysogion Ynys Prydain' reputedly 'o Lyfr Thomas Hopkin o Langrallo'); etc. In three instances notes have been written on the blank verso or margins of printed copies of the following - an abstract of a report on a meeting, May 1820, of the governors and friends of the medical charitable organisation known as the Welsh Dispensary (171-8), proposals for publishing Edward Williams's two volumes of English verse Poems Lyric and Pastoral in 1792 (180-81), and an advertisement for letting 'a desirable family residence' in Cardiff (184-5).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Cyfreithiau Hywel Dda, etc.,

A volume containing (pp. 1-131) an eighteenth century copy of a Welsh text of the laws of Hywel Dda corresponding to the text of the 'Dimetian' version or that published as Cyfreithiau Hywel Dda yn ôl Llyfr Blegywryd (Dull Dyfed) (Caerdydd, 1942). A note at the end of the text states that it was transcribed by Edward Whittington at the request of the Reverend David Wynne, incumbent of the parish of Machynlleth (1711-1732], and that the task was completed in July 1715 ('Y Llyfr hwn ar archiad y parched[i]g wr Mr. Dafudd Wynne, sef person plwy Machynlleth, a ysgrifenwyd gen Edward Whittington, ag y dibenwyd y 26 dudd o fis Gorphenaf yn y flwyddyn 1715 ynghylch 775 o flynyddoedd ar ol gwneuthur y y [sic] gyfreith hon'). Pages 137-75, which are possibly in the hand of the Reverend David Wynne himself, contain miscellaneous historical and genealogical notes relating to Dyfnwal Moelmud ('Gosodedigaeth Dyfnwal'), the hundreds and commotes of Wales ('Llyma y modd y Rannwyd Cantrefoedd a Chymydau holl Gymru yn amser y Tywysogion diwaethaf or Brutaniaid nid amgen Gr[uffudd] ap Ll[ywely]n a Ll[ywely]n ap Gr[uffydd]'), the princes of Wales ('Notes . . . taken out of a Coppy of Record had in the Tower of London. De Principibus Walliae Notae breviter desumptae'), the lordship of Oswestry ('Llyma ddangos y modd yr aeth Arglwyddiaeth Groes Oswallt oddiwrth y Cymry'), and the fifteen tribes of North Wales, these last having been extracted from the book of Lewis Dwnn ('Allan o Lyfr Lewis Dwnn Deputy Herald at Arms dros holl Gymru dam Glarencieux a Norroy . . .').

Edward Whittington and [?David Wynne].

Genealogical and heraldic material,

A volume of heraldic and genealogical material in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). P. xvii, which appears to be a 'title-page' to the section containing pp. 1- 84, is inscribed 'Achau ac Arfau Prif Fonedd y Cymry. Dadyscrif o Lyfr Du Pant Lliwydd Eiddo'r diweddar Mr. Thomas Truman, 1806' (see also the note on p. xix dated 7 October 1806 and addressed to the reader by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg'). Pp. 1-61 contain a transcript of the genealogical and heraldic material to be found in pp. 73-204 of the aforementioned manuscript generally known as 'Llyfr Du Pantlliwydd' (now N.LW MS 13165), whilst pp. 62-84 contain a transcript of similar material to be found in pp. 13-72 of the same manuscript (i.e. N.L.W. MS. 13165B). Pp. 103-08 and 113-54 appear to contain a transcript of pp. 1-74 of the aforementioned 'Llyfr Du Pantlliwydd' with additions and / or variations. The remainder of the volume contains miscellaneous historical, genealogical, and heraldic material, etc., including sections with the following superscriptions or incipits - 'Llyma Bymthegllwyth Gwynedd' (pp. 155-7, ? extracted from NLW MS 13165B, pp. 142-5); 'Llyma son am natur a rhinweddau y meini gwerthfawr fal ai dangoswyd gan yr Ednywed ab Ednyw yn Llys Gruffudd ap Cynan . . . ac y fal ai dangoswyd gan y brawd leuan Goch ab Ithel hir gar bron y Brenin Edward yng Nghonwy' (pp. 161-4, allegedly 'O Lyfr Mr. Cob o Gaerdydd'); 'Llyma draethu am fonedd ag anfonedd . . .' (pp. 165-71, allegedly 'O Lyfr Thomas Hopkin o Langrallo'); 'Ach Bleddyn ap Cynfyn' (p. 180); '[Extracts] From a MS. Book of Genealogies, No. 51, W[elsh] Ch[arity] school' (i.e. British Museum Additional MS 14915) (pp. 181-6); 'Arfay swrn o Fonheddigion Cymru' (pp. 187-96; cf. NLW MS 13165B, pp. 74-82, 105, 168-9, 187-9, 202-04); 'Llyma Arfau y Pendefigion a ddifeddianwyd o'u Tiroedd a'u Da Gan Syr Robert ab Amon a'i Farchogion' (pp. 197-9); 'Gwehelyth y Matheuaid' (pp. 200-06); 'Ach Rhodri Mawr' (pp. 212-113); 'Llyma Wehelyth Syr Siôn Carn Farchog o Forganwg' (pp. 218-21); 'Llyma arfau y Cwncwerwyr a ddaethant ar Anrhaith i Forganwg' (p. 222); 'Ach Matho Herbert o Abertawe a Chogan Pyl' allegedly 'o Lyfr Thomas Hopkin o Langrallo' (pp. 229-30); 'Llyma enwau y pedwar brenin ar hugain o Frenhinoedd Ynys Prydain a farnwyd yn gadarnaf ag yn wrolaf i orchfygu a gorynnill ag i adeiliadu ag i roddi rhoddion ardderchawc . .' (pp. 255-65, cf. NLW MS. 13165B, pp.87-105); and 'Llyma enwau y Prif Ddinasoedd y rhai a wnaethant y Brutaniaid a Llyma eu henwau yn Gymraeg ac yn Saesonec' (pp. 267-8).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Kywyddau, Achau, Compot Manuel

A manuscript in the hand of Rowland Lewis of Mallwyd [d. 1652 or 1653] containing 'cywyddau', some 'englynion' and an 'awdl' by Dafydd Nanmor, Lewes Mon, Sion Tuddur, Dafydd Lloyd ap Lle'n ap Gruff[udd], Gytto or Glyn, Dio ap Ieuan Du, [Lewys] Morganwg, Howel ap Gytto, William Llyn, Morys ap Howel ap Tudr, Ieuan ap Rhys ap Lle'n, Huw Kae lwyd, Rhys ap Kynverig Goch, Dafydd ap Ieuan lloyd, Sion Kerri, Dafydd ap Gwillim, Morys Thomas Howel, Owen Gwynedd, Huw Arwystl, Sr. Owen ap Gwilim, Huw Llyn, John Kain, Sion Philip, Tudur Aled, Roger Kyffin, Dafydd ap Ieuan ap Owen, Wm. Ph[ilip]e, Thomas Pryse, David Lloyd ap Hugh, Gwerfyl Mechain, Doctor Sion Kent, Gruffyth ap Gronwy Gethin, Mr. Edmund Pris, Edward ap Rees, Huw Cowrnwy, Moris Dwyfech, Risiart Gruffydd, Edward Vrien, Moris ap Iefan ap Einion, Huw Roberts ('clerk'), Robert ap Howel ap Morgan ('o Langower'), Tuder Penllyn, Huw Kollwyd [sic] (? Huw Cae Llwyd), Llewelyn ap Guttyn, Iefan Brydydd hir, Ieuan Tew brydydd, Ifan Tuddr, Robert Dyfi, Ieuan Tuder Owen, Gruffuth Owen and Gruff[udd] Llwyd ap D'd ap Einion, and anonymous and incomplete poems; 'Y Compod Manuel, o waith D'd Nanmor allan o hen lyfr memrwn'; pedigrees (Gr. ap Kynan ..., David Lloyd ap D'd ..., Dolgelley - Lewys ap Owen ap Lle'n ..., Llanvendiged - Huw ? ap John ap Hugh ... Klenennav - Syr Wm. Moris ap Elissey ...); and '... henwau pymtheg llwyth Gwynedd, a ffle ir oeddent yn Tario ag yn gorsseddu ai harfav'. The volume is in the same hand as NLW MS 566, [See The National Library of Wales Journal, Vol IX, pp. 495-6], which formed No. 2 in the Llansilin Collection. The later sequence of pagination was carried out by Mary Richards, Darowen. Amongst the later marginalia is a copy of an undated (1 May [ ]) notice to let Ty'n Bedw, parish of Llangadfan, Montgomeryshire. The spine is lettered 'Kywyddau, Achau, Compot Manuel'.

Llyfr du Pantlliwydd,

An imperfect quarto manuscript inscribed in gilt on the spine 'Llyfr Du Pantlliwydd'. The name 'Llyfr Du Pantlliwydd' is probably derived from the colour of the previous binding (see binding note) and from the fact that sometime in the second half of the eighteenth century the volume formed part of the library of Thomas Truman of Pant-y-lliwydd in the parish of Llansanwyr, Glamorgan (see TLLM, tt. 216-17, 220, 315-18). Of the extant folios, pp. 1-204 contain the now incomplete (wanting beginning, end, and contents of a few intermediate leaves) corpus of heraldic and genealogical material believed to have been transcribed or compiled by Anthony Powel of Llwydarth in the parish of Llangynwyd, Glamorgan (see TLLM, tt. 115, 149, 214-18). The contents, pagination in brackets, include notes on the signification in heraldry of various colours such as black, white, and azure, animals such as the boar, dog, stallion, and bear, birds such as the eagle, hawk, owl, and griffin, fish such as the crab, and inanimate objects such as the twelve types of crosses (1-39); descriptions of various heraldic devices and terms with certain rules governing their use (39-60); notes on, or descriptions of, the coats of arms of Brytys, Lokreinys, Albanakdys, Kamber, Dynfwal Moel Myd, Beli, Ythyr Ben Dragon, Arthyr, Kystenin ab Kadwc, Kynan Wledic, Maelgwn Gwynedd, Karedic, Kydwaladr, Ifor, and Ynyr, of the Saxon kings of England from the time of Edbert to the time of 'Saint Edwart Frenin' (also including the Danish rulers Swayn, Knot, and Harknot), and of the Norman kings of England and their successors from the time of 'Wiliam Kwngkwerwr', etc. (61-72); brief descriptions of the arms of some sixty-three British / Welsh kings (including legendary figures), princes, lords, saints, and others, including e.g. Brytys, Beli, Arthyr, Dewi, Teilo, Kradoc Freychfras, Iestyn ab Gwrgan, Rys ab Tewdwr, Ednyfed Fychan, etc. (73-82); brief descriptions of the arms of the Norman conquerors of Glamorgan ('llyma arfay y kwngkwerwyr a fyont ymorganwc'), e.g. Iarll y Klar, Ysbenser, Flemin, Twrberfil, Gamais, etc. (82-5); a list of the names of some one hundred and five, mainly legendary, kings [of Britain] from the time of Brytys to that of Kydwaladr with the names of Henry VII and Henry VIII added at the end (85-7); a list of largely legendary kings of Britain from the time of Brytys ab Silyf to the time of Kydwaladr, the last king, with notes on their attributes, events of their reigns, etc., under the superscription 'Llyma enway y pedwar brenin ar hygain o frenhinoedd ynys brydain a farnwyd yn gydarnaf ac yn wrolaf y gwngkwery ac y adailiad ac y roddi roddion ardderchawc ...' (87-105); a genealogy of Henry VIII tracing his descent in direct male line from Brytys and thence from God (105-8); another briefer genealogy of the said Henry VIII tracing his descent, through male and female ancestors, from Kydwaladr Fendigaid, last king of the Britons (108-9); pedigrees of the mothers of the males appearing in the Henry VIII pedigree (109-14); seventy miscellaneous brief pedigrees the great majority commencing with the words 'Llyma wehelyth' associated with place-names, mainly commote names, such as Abergwyli, Llanfynydd, Kethinoc, Llandybie, Karnwyllon, Kydweli, Kwmwd Perfedd yn Ha ... dion, Kwmwd Perfedd ywch Arfon (Aeron), y Kreyddyn ywch Arfon (Aeron), Myfienydd, Glyn Aeron, Llan Gybi, Llan Ddewi Frefi, Mab Elfyw, Kayo, Mallaen, Penryn Dyfed, Elfed, Hirfryn, Mabynion, Gwinionydd Ywchaeron (Ywch Kerdin, Is Kerdin), Kaer Wedros, Gwidi Gada, Yrwystli, Kaer Sws, Kyfeilioc, Llan Bryn Mair, Brecheinoc, Peytyn, yr Argoed, Yslwch, Aber Ysgyr, Dyllyn Hodni, Lliwel, Ysg ... throc, Tir Rawff, Llanfihangel y Kwmdy, Arth Brengi, and Mon, or directly with personal names and tracing descents from, inter alios, such personages as Elystan Glodrydd and thence Beli Mawr, Gwaith foed, Llawdden, Dinawal and thence Rodri Mawr, Maenerch and thence Koel Godeboc, Brychan Brycheinoc, Kynedda Wledic, Einion Sais, etc. (115-42); an incomplete list of the fifteen tribes of Gwynedd - 'llyma bymthegllwyth gwynedd' (142-5); (continued)

Six brief pedigrees of descendants of Gr. fab ap Gr. Gwyr and thence of Koelgodeboc (145-7); fifteen brief pedigrees six of which commence with the words 'llyma wehelyth' with the place-names Glyn Nedd, Rwng Nedd ac Afan, and Tir Iarll, and one with the phrase 'llyma wehelyth Sir Siôn Wiliam, meistr o siwels y brenin', and all tracing descents from Einion ap Gollwyn and Iestyn ap Gwrgan, followed by two pedigrees tracing the descent of the said Einion from Beli Mawr and the said Iestyn from Brytys (147-54); ten brief pedigrees five of which commence with the formula 'llyma wehelyth' with the place-names Glyn Rodne and Llan Daf or the personal names Siangcin ap Aron, yr Arglwydd Rys ap Tewdwr, and y Dokdor Leison, one with the place-name Seinghenydd, and the others with a personal name, and tracing descents from, inter alios, Maenerch, Koel Godeboc, Maglawn, pryns yr Alben, and Beli Mawr (154-9); notes relating to the legend of the building of the city of 'Troya newydd' by Brytys, first king of the Britons, and its renaming as Kaer Lydd by Llydd ap Beli and as Llyndain (London) subsequent to the Saxon conquest (160-61); similar notes relating to the building of the cities of Kaer Efrawc (York) and Kastell Mynydd, subsequently called Ednbwrch (Edinburgh), by Efroc Gadarn, fifth king of the Britons (161-2); a list of the names, in English and Welsh, of the chief cities allegedly built by the Britons ('enway y prif ddinesydd awnaeth y brytaniaid') (162-4); a maternal pedigree of Gwladys ferch D[afydd] Gam (164-5); genealogical data relating to the Twrberfil (Turberville) family (165-7); a pedigree tracing the descent of Gr[uffydd] Dwn from Epiliws 'hen frenin Dyfed' (167-8); brief notes on the arms of the aforementioned [Gruffydd] Dwn, the Wiriod [family] of Pembrokeshire, Llywelyn Foethys, Brenin Manaw, etc. (168-9); brief pedigrees of Arthyr (on paternal and maternal side), Harri Sant o Winsor (Henry VI), and Llywelyn ap Gr. (170-71); notes relating to 'Bonedd ac anfonedd' (nobleness and ignobleness), the origin of the laws of heraldry, etc. (172- 5); genealogies of the saints of the island of Britain (176-86); a note on the signification of fish in heraldry (186-7); brief descriptions of the arms of Gwalchmai, Bledri, the kings of Maroc, Fraingk, Ysbaen, and Hwngry, the duke of Kornwal, the emperor of Konstinobl, and the emperors of Yr Albaen and Yropia (187-9); genealogies ('llyma wehelyth') of Sir Siôn ap Rys and Meistr Lewys Gwyn (189-90); a note relating to Morgan Amheyryc, the last Welsh lord of Koety, and ? his grandfather Gr' ap Iestyn (190-91); notes on Sioned, wife of Addaf Fychan and subsequently of Ieuan ap Ll', and her two sons (191-2); notes on the five sons of D'd ap Mathay (192-3); miscellaneous genealogies (193-9); genealogical notes relating to the family of Twrberfil, lords of Koety, with a reference to the loss of their 'arglwyddiaeth rial' (iura regalia) by the said lords of Koetty (200-01); a genealogy ('llyma wehelyth') of Hari lewys 'o sain pyr' (202); and brief notes on the arms of the kings of mwroc, ffraink, ysbaen, hwngri, boham, groec, nafarn, napwls, portingal, sisil, seipris, pwyl, ysgotland, and denmark, the duke of kornwal, and the emperors of konsdentinobl, yr albaen, and kripepende (202-04). Page 210 contains twenty lines of Welsh verse in the 'cywydd' metre.

Anthony Powel and 'Iolo Morganwg' and others.

Llyfr Roger Morris (Llanwrin 1),

A manuscript in the autograph of Roger Morris, Coed-y-talwrn containing anecdotes, extracts from the Black Book of Carmarthen ('Amravael bethau a gopiuyd or lyfyr du o gaer Vyrdin'), 'Credo Taliessin o lyvyr aral', proverbial sayings ('Ni uyr ni uyl, ni uyl ni dysc'), lines attributed to Tal Iessin ('Na fid escud dy lau ar lu anudon'), 'Kas bethau guyr Rhufain', one or two triads, two Welsh religious plays (not one as suggested in R.W.M), viz. ['Y Dioddefaint'], pp. 41-73, and 'Traul y 3 brenin i anrhegu Crist' [or 'Y Tri Brenin o Gwlen'], pp .73-80 (see Gwenan Jones, A Study of three Welsh religious plays (Bala, 1939) p. 12 et passim), some pedigrees ('Rhai or Guehelaethau'), 'Araeth Wgon', instructions concerning table manners ('Am voes ac arver yu hynn o ymdidan'), 'Henue 15 luyth Guyned o lyfr Humphre ap hoel o Ruthyn',etc., a Life of Saint Martin in Welsh [cf. Mostyn MS 88], an anecdote concerning Madog ab Owain Gwynedd, 'Henuae Pympthegluyth Guyned ai gulad ai harvau' and a list of Welsh poets.

Llyvyr y Llwythau Cymreig ...,

A volume written largely in the autograph of Ebenezer Thomas, ('Eben Fardd') and described on the title-page as 'Llyvyr y Llwythau Cymreig yn cynwys Taflenau Achol o'r Pum Llwyth Breninol a Phymtheg Llwyth Gwynedd ynghyd a Byrdraith hanesiol am Sylfaenwyr yr amrywiol Lwythau a Gwroniaid Cymreig eraill Eu Preswylfeydd, Tiriogaethau, Paisarfau a Disgynyddion. Casgledig gan Ebenezer Thomas, Clynnog, Hâf 1843.' At the beginning of the volume are 'A Map of North Wales' [Anglesey and West Caernarvonshire] and a list of the contents to p. 69. More than half of the volume is blank but the written pages after p. 69 contain, among other things, details of 'Villas [Vills] in Eifionydd' ('Abridged from a letter of the Rev. J. Jones Llanllyfni to Ellis Owen Esq. Cefny meusydd'), pedigrees of Rhwngyddwyryd (Dolbenmaen), Rhiw and Bodfel (Llŷn), and Cefn Coch in Anglesey, etc., 'Carol Nadolig, 1859 - ar "Diolch i Ti yr Hollalluog Dduw &c"' by E. Thos ('Eben Fardd'), a petition (draft), undated, from Jane Jones of Penarfynydd in the parish of Abererch, Caernarvonshire to the bishop of Bangor and the other trustees of the Llandwrog Almshouses, particulars of the ancestry of Tho[ma]s E. Roberts, Hendre, Abereirch sent by him to Eben Fardd, 24 July 1861, and a printed prospectus, undated, of 'The Works of the Bards of Llyn and Eifionydd, collected by Myrddin Fardd'. Loose between pp. 27 and 28 are notes by J. Jones, Llanllyfni, May 1844, headed 'A. D. 1352. Hanes ardrethol Cwmmwd Isgorfai', and pasted on to these or vice versa is a printed sheet concerning Gwydir Chapel, Llanrwst (J. Jones, Printer, Llanrwst). Facing the title-page of the volume is a label bearing the words 'Llyfr Achau ac Arfbeisiau y 5 Llwyth Breninol a 15 Llwyth Pendefigol Gwynedd ynghyd au Disgynyddion, &c.' and above it John Jones ('Myrddin Fardd') has written 'Costiodd y Llyfr yma i mi ddwy bunt heblaw talu am ei rwymo wedi hyny.'

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers and home-made booklets containing transcripts, notes, lists, jottings, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents are extremely varied. Prose items include items such as a brief note on Dafydd ap Gwilym (40), notes relating to Gruffudd ap Cynan and the 'eisteddfod' at Glyn Achlach in Ireland (41-2), a list of 'Constellations in Glam[organ]' (46), a list of 'Rhannau'r Dydd' (47), a version of the tale of Elphin and Taliesin at the court of Maelgwn Gwynedd copied 'Ex 37 P.P.' (i.e. Paul Panton MS 37 now NLW MS 2005, of which see ff. 26 verso-48 verso) (75-96), a list of Welsh bards, 11th - 15th cent., with occasional notes (104-05), an anecdote relating to Owain Glyndwr taking refuge in Syr Lawrens Berclos' s castle (106), genealogies of Iestyn ap Gwrgant, lord of Morgannwg, 1091, Meuric, lord of Gwent, descendant of Iestyn, and Syr Rhaph Rhawlech (107- 10), an anecdote relating to Owain Cyfeiliawc (112), a note on the descendants of Iestin ab Gwrgant (114), a note on Richard y Fwyalchen sef Syr Richard Williams, fl. 1590-1630 (116), extracts from [Dauid] Powel [: The Historie of Cambria now called Wales, 1584], pp.191-2, relating to the Welsh bards and minstrels (123-5), genealogical notes on members of the Cecil family from the time of Sir Rotpert Sitsyllt, late 11th cent., to the time of Sir William Cecill, Lord Burghley (127-33), a brief note on the computation of time and on 'Elinor Goch o dir Iarll' (140), notes relating to Welsh bardic grades (149-54), extracts from the review of The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales which appeared in The Monthly Review, July 1802 (159-60), a list of Welsh proverbs (161-3), a note relating to, and extracts from, Thomas Jones [: Carolau a Dyriau Duwiol, 1696] (165-6), a list headed 'Deuddeg Prifgampau Gwybodau Gwrolion' (169-71), a section headed 'Mangofion am yr hen Brydyddion a hen gerdd dafawd' containing notes and triads relating to Welsh bardism and more particularly the 'bardd teulu' and 'cerdd deuluaidd' (175-85), a copy of the bardic oath ('Adduned neu Dynghedfen Bardd') (191), notes commencing 'Pum Cenedl gynhwynawl a wladychant Ynys Prydain' (207-08), a note relating to Gilbert y Clar (ob. 1295) and his son (ob. 1313) (223), triads (224-5), brief notes on the five stages in the development of ? the Welsh bardic alphabet ('Pumoes Llythyr') (226), notes relating to Gruffudd ap Cynan's flight to Ireland, 1096, and his organising of a meeting of bards and musicians at Glyn Athlach (227), a note on 'Cadair arddangos Tir Iarll' (228), notes headed 'Glamorgan School (Poetry)' containing references to Rhys Goch ab Rhiccert, Norman literary influence in South Wales, Walter de Mapes, D[afydd] ap Gwilym, translations into Welsh, 'Saith Doethion Rhufain', 'Ystori Siarlymaen', the 'Mabinogion', and Walter, archdeacon of Oxford and the original of Geoffrey of Monmouth's 'Historia', and an anecdote relating to Rhys Goch Eryri, etc. (245-7), notes headed 'Bardism lost in North Wales' relating to the state of bardism in North and South Wales from circa 1400 onwards with comments on the restoration of the Welsh language in which Dr. John Davies [of Mallwyd] is referred to as 'the saviour of our language, its regenerator . . .' (253-7), a list of words and phrases ? from [Hugh Lewys:] Perl mewn Adfyd (263-4), a note on translating (295-6), a version of a conversation between teacher and disciple concerning creation, the nature of created matter, the first man, the first three letters, etc., with a note by Edward Williams on the word 'manred' (? the substance of created matter) (307-09), notes relating to the three bardic brothers Madawc, Ednyfed, and Llywelyn ap Gruffudd of Marchwiail [co. Denbigh], an 'eisteddfod' held at Maesaleg [co. ], ? temp. Edward III, another 'eisteddfod' at Marchwiail, temp. Edward III, Gwilym Tew and an 'eisteddfod' at the monastery of Penn Rhys in Glyn Rhodni [co. Glamorgan], an 'eisteddfod' at Caerfyrddin, N.D., successive re-organising of the rules and regulations relating to bards and bardism and musicians in the time of Morgan Hen, prince of Morgannwg, and his brother Ceraint Fardd Glas [10th cent.], of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn [11th cent .], of Rhys ap Tewdwr, lord of Dinefwr (with references to a quarrel between the said Rhys and lestyn ab Gwrgan, lord of Glamorgan, because the latter had carried off 'Rhol y Ford Gronn'), of Gruffudd ap Rhys ap Tewdwr, and of Gruff. ap Cynan, and the patronage of the bards by the squirearchy after the fall of the princes (311-16), rules of the bardic order headed 'Llymma ddosparth y Ford gronn ar Feirdd a phrydyddion a gwyr wrth gerdd Dafawd yn Llys yr amherawdr Arthur . . .', with a note on the disappearance of 'Dosparth y Ford Gronn' and its subsequent restoration by Rhys ap Tewdwr (323-32), another ? incomplete list of regulations for the bardic order headed 'Llymma Hen Ddosparth ar Freiniau a defodau Beirdd a Phrydyddion a phob gwrth (sic) wrth Gerdd Dafawd o Hen Lyfr Watkin Powel o Benn y Fai' (333-5), a version of the gorsedd prayer ('Gweddi Talhaiarn neu weddi'r orsedd') with an English translation (337), a short list of miscellaneous Welsh triads (343), brief notes on the saints Elli and Twrog and 'Llyfr Twrog' (360) (continued)

a list of 'Words collected in Blaenau Morganwg, anno 1770' (361-2), a list of eight ? chapter headings under the superscription 'Dissertation on the Welsh Language' (364), copies of, and a note on, inscriptions 'on Ffynon Illtud near Neath', and on a tombstone in Margam Abbey (371), a note on the institution of 'Y Ford Gronn' by the Emperor Arthur (372), anecdotes or notes relating to twelve Welsh saints (385-8), an anecdote relating to a quarrel between Dafydd ap Gwilym and Gruffudd Grug (389), notes on the fifteen tribes of Gwynedd ('Pymtheg Llwyth Gwynedd o Drefn y Brenin Alfryd ac Anarawd ap Rhodri Mawr . . .') (391-402), ? extracts from the letters of Goronwy Owen with comments by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') (409-15), a list of the names of authors of carols in a volume belonging to 'Mr. Davies o Fangor' (417-18), a note on the bard Llawdden (418), notes under the heading 'Eisteddfodau Gwynedd' referring to 'eisteddfodau' at Marchwiail (14th cent.), Nant Gonwy (15th cent.), Croesoswallt, Caerwys (16th cent.), and Bala (late 17th cent.), Gruffudd ap Cynan's visit to an 'eisteddfod' at Castell Dinefwr and his introduction of the bardic regulations formulated there into North Wales, etc. (included is an 'englyn' attributed to Dafydd Llwyd 'o Fathafarn') (418-22), an anecdote relating to the bard Llawdden and Gruff. ap Nicolas and the convening of an 'eisteddfod' at Carmarthen, 19 Henry VI (428-9), brief notes referring to 'cynghanedd' usage prior to the 'eisteddfod' at Caerfyrddin in 1451, changes inaugurated by Llawdden with regard to 'cynghanedd' and the strict metres, etc- (431-2), notes headed 'Llyma gyfarwyddyd parth ag am y Naw cwlm cerdd a fuant yng ngherdded Oesoedd amrafaelion ar arfer gan Feirdd a Phrydyddion Cymru' (433-4), notes on 'poetical talent' in the family of Meilir Brydydd, the Gower family in Glamorgan, the family of Einion ap Collwyn, and the 'Avan Branch of the House of Iestin ap Gwrgan', and general observations on the possibility of the development of poetic taste and ability in an individual, etc. (435-40 ), an ? incomplete list of triads headed 'Trioedd y Ford Gronn yn Nhir larll' (453-5) a note relating to 'cerddi teuluaidd' found in manuscript volumes in Glamorgan (463), a note on a bardic 'cadair arddangos' (464), an anecdote relating to Ifor Hael, Llywelyn ap Gwilym, and Dafydd ap Gwilym and a bardic convention at Gwern y Cleppa circa 1330 (466), a note on the bard-brothers Siôn, Wiliam, and Richard Philip of Ardudwy (467), a short list of three triads headed 'Trioedd Cadair Morganwg' (468), notes relating to an 'eisteddfod' at Nant Gonwy, 1 Edward IV, where the strict- metre poetic system devised by Dafydd ap Edmwnt at the 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen, 9 Henry VI, was ? officially accepted ('breiniwyd'), incorporating 'englynion' attributed to Dafydd ap Edmwnt and Twm Tegid of Llan Gower in Penllyn (479-81), a list of Glamorgan proverbs ('Diarhebion Morganwg Cymmysg') (499-506), two sets of outline notes headed 'Ancient British Literature' and 'Characteristics of ancient Welsh Literature in its several ages or periods' (507-10), a list of English proverbs headed 'Lantwit and Gower proverbs. The Devil's name in every one of them' (513), miscellaneous triads headed 'Trioedd Cymmysg' (515-16), two lists headed 'Deg Peth ni thalant ei hachub o'r Tan' and 'Deuddegpeth drwg a drwg fydd eu diwedd' (531), a list of 'Mesurau cerdd dafawd Cyffredin', which, according to a note at the end, were also known as 'Mesurau arwest' and 'mesurau cerdd deulu' (536-9), a note on poetical works which appeared in Wales circa 1350 and later in the same century and were attributed to Taliesin and other bards (540), notes referring to 'eisteddfodau' at Caerfyrddin in 1451 and 1460, Nant Conwy [temp. Tudur Aled], and Caerwys, temp. Henry VIII and temp. Elizabeth, with references to changes introduced in the bardic rules and regulations and incorporating an 'englyn' attributed to Ieuan Tew Ieuanc (541-3), and a brief note on the bardic 'Cadair Tir Iarll' (543). Verse items include transcripts of poems, largely 'englynion', or sections of poems attributed to D[afydd] ab Gwilym (40), Taliesin, Iolo Goch, and Llywelyn Goch ap Meyryg Hen (49), Y Bardd Glas o'r Gadair (97-8, 134-7), Caradawc Llancarfan (99), Gwgan Farfawc 'o Landathan' or Gwgan Fardd (100-04), Edward Rhisiart 'o Lan Fair y Bont Faen' (113), Dafydd y Blawd (115), Rhys Meigen (117), Thomas Morgan 'o'r Tyle Garw' (118-20), William Davies or Gwilym Tir Ogwr (122), Siôn y Cent (126), Elis Wynn 'o Las Ynys' (144-5), Edmund Prys, Ficar Clynog Fawr ('mab yr hen archiagon') (145-6), Siôn Morys 'o Lanfabon' (148), lorwerth ap y Gargam (223), y Parchedig D. Dafis, 'gweinidog Llwyn Rhyd Owain' (353-5), Daf. Benwyn (378), Dafydd Nicolas, Aberpergwm (390, 426), Dafydd Alaw (403- 04), Siôn Brwynog (405-06), Llawdden (406, ? 426, 428), Wiliam Cynwal (408 ), Richard Philip (408, 467), Wm. Llyn, Dafydd ap Edmwnt, Robert Clidro, Howel Bangor, and Cadwgan ap Rhys (425), Thos. Llewelyn 'o Regoes' (426), Gruff. ap Maredydd ap Dafydd, Rhisiart Iorwerth, and Siôn Tudur (427), Gruff. ap Dafydd ap Tudur (428), Tudur Aled and Huw Llwyd Cynfel (430), Prohl (with a note 'Einon offeirad, Bardd Syr Rhys Hen o Abermarlais, a elwid y Prohl . . .') (461-2), [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (467, 507 ), and Dafydd o'r Nant (481). Also included are lists or groups of Welsh words sometimes with English definitions, excerpts from the works of Welsh poets, these sometimes to illustrate specific words, miscellaneous genealogical data, notes relating to Welsh grammar and etymology, miscellaneous memoranda, extracts from a variety of printed sources, etc.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

MSS. collections relative to Wales, II

  • NLW MS 13215E.
  • File
  • [late 16 cent.]-[late 17 cent.]

A composite manuscript volume lettered on the spine 'MSS. Collections Relative to Wales, II', being a companion volume to, and a continuation of, NLW MS 6209E, which is also a composite manuscript (sections numbered I-XIII) bound in a similar manner and lettered on the spine 'MSS. Collections Relative to Wales, I'. It appears that the two volumes originally formed one folio manuscript belonging to Edward Lhuyd made up of transcripts by his assistants, contributions by Henry Rowlands and Hugh Thomas, and fragments of earlier manuscripts (see pp. 14-15 of NLW MS 13918F, 'Catalogue of Welsh M.S.S. in Beechwood Library by the Reverend Mr John Jones [?1746-1827] M.A. Fellow of Jesus College Oxon, 1781', i.e. part of the Sebright collection. The contents include: pp. 1-38 (XIV), a copy of [George Owen's] 'Treatise of Lordshipps Marchers in Wales . . .' from a 'MS. Borrowed of Mr. Will. Jones, Rector of Lhangower. . .'; 39-100 + 207-08 (misplaced) (XV-XVI), transcripts of Welsh poems attributed to William Phylip, Ievan Ddu'r Bilwg, H'l ap D'dh ap Ievan ap Rhys, Howel Davi, Bedo Brwynllys, Gytto'r Glyn, Ievan Deulwyn, Rhys Lhwyd ap Rys ap Rhiccard, Lewis Glynn Kothi, Gwilym ab Ievan Hen, Davydd ap Howel, D'd Lhwyd ap Lle'n ap Gr., Ieuan ap Ho'll Swrdwal, Davydd Epynt, Lewys Môn, Edward Urien, Gyttyn Owain, Ierwerth Beli, Bleddyn Vardd, Llygat Gwr, Meilir Brydydd, Llywelyn ap Ho'll, Prydydd y Moch, Gwalchmai, Symwnt Vychan, Iolo Goch, Syppyn Kyfeiliog, Tudur Aled, Deio ab Ivan Ddu, Rhys Goch o'r Yri, Llywelyn Moel o'r Pantri, Ivan Tudyr Penllyn, Ievan Brydydd Hir and Tudyr Penllyn, and of prose items with the superscriptions 'Llythyr i ofyn Rhwyd berked', ['Y Tri Thlws ar Ddeg'], 'Dewis Bethau Howel Lygad Gwr', 'Y Pedwar Marchog ar Hugain oedd yn Llys Arthur', 'Ymadrodd yr Henwr', 'Breuddwyd Ivan ab Adda ab Davydd . . .', 'Breuddwyd Ierwerth ab Adda ab D'd', and 'Llythyr i ofyn palffon', partly from manuscripts in the possession of John Lloyd of Aber Llyveni; 101-40 (XVII), transcripts of Welsh prose and verse items, mainly vaticinatory, attributed to Taliessin, Robin Ddy, Gryffydh ap Ieuan, Rhys Nanmor, Merdhyn, Adha Vras, Hinin Vardh, Ie'nn Drwch y Daran, D'd Nanmor, and Davydh Lhwyd; 141-206 (XVIII), transcripts of Welsh verse and prose items, again mainly vaticinatory, attributed to Taliesin, Merdhyn Wylht, Iolo Goch, Davydh Llwyd, Merdhyn Emrys, Adha Vras, Ievan Trwch y Daran, Davydh Nanmor, Ie'nn Hir, Lh. ap Owen, Meredydh ap Rhys, Rhys Goch o'r Yri, Lewys Glynn Kothi, Raph ap Robert, and Bardh Bergam; 213-35 (XIX), genealogical and historical material including genealogies of Welsh saints , '. . . hiachau [sic] pump brenhin llwyth Kymru', '. . . Iachau [sic] pymthek llwyth Gwynedd', a list of the daughters of Ronow Llwyd ap y Penwyn', etc.; 239-54 (XX), a copy, 'transcrib'd from ye original at Owlberry near Bishops Castle, Anno 1698', of an inspeximus and confirmation, 4 March [?1508], of charters granted to the abbey of Strata Florida (see S. W. Williams: The Cistercian Abbey of Strata Florida (London, 1889), Appendix, pp. lxxiv-lxxv, and Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry VII, vol. II, p. 567); 257-66 (XXI), transcripts of Welsh poems attributed to Prydydd y Moch, Gr. Lloyd ap D'd ap Einion, D'd Nanmor, D'd ap Gwilym, Guto'r Glynn, Kynddelw, Ievan Du y Bilwc, Bleddyn Vardd, Rys Goch or Eryri, Daniel ap Llosgwrn Mew, and Gwalchmai, from '. . . Cod. MS. Mod. in Chart. penes Dominum Rob't Pugh de Kevn y Garlheg in paroch. Lhan St. ffraid apud Denbigh'; 267-70 (XXII), 'Addenda Grammaticae D.J.J. ex Libro MS. D. R. V. penes D. R. P.'; 271-9 (XXIII), transcripts 'Ex Cod. Chart. penes D. Joan Lloyd de Aber Lhyveni' of Welsh poems attributed to Lewys Glynn Kothi, Gwilim ap Ie'nn Hen, Ievan ap Tydyr Penlhyn, Lhewelyn Goch ap Meirig Hen, and Tydyr Aled; 283-305 (XXIV), transcripts of (a) 'Ystori Gryffydd ap Cynan Brenin Gwynedd' from 'Cod. M.to Chart. pe[nes] Dom. R. Davies de Lhan[erch] convenit cum cod. antiquo me . . . penes D. Jo. Wyn . . ., Watstay', (b) 'Interdictio Papae adversus Lewelinum . . . fillium Ierwerth . . .', and (c) 'Literae Lewelini Principis Walliae ad Clerum Angliae apud London Convocatum', 1275; 307-11 (XXV), transcripts of 'cywyddau ymryson' exchanged between Owen Gwynedd and William Llyn; (continued)

315-400 ( XXVI), a copy of a Welsh-Latin vocabulary entitled 'Geiria Tavod Comroig. Hoc est Vocabularium Linguae Gomeritanae . . .' compiled by Henry Salesbury, with a list of the authors on whose works the vocabulary was based, and a list of 'Geiriau o Hen Gymraeg a'i Deongliad', etc., by the same author; 403-04 (XXVII), an incomplete copy of 'Braint ac Ystatus Griff. ap Kynan a Bleddyn ap Kynvyn'; 405-06 (XXVIII), a version of the prologue to, and a list of the court officials listed in, a Latin text of the Laws of Howel Dda; 409-65 (XXIX-XXX), a transcript of sections of the 'Red Book of St. Asaph' (see also Peniarth MS 231, NLW MS 7011D, MS SA/MB/2); 469-86 (XXXI), a copy of the 'Statutes of the Cathedrall Church of . . . Chester set forth by . . . Henrie the 8'; 489-505 (XXXII), extracts [from a version of Nennius' 'Historia Britonum']; 509-38 (XXXIII), seventeen chapters (Welsh) of pseudo-history and description of the Isle of Britain, supplementary notes on place-names, the wonders of Scotland and Ireland, and the conversion of the nations of Britain to Christianity, and a list of 'yr naw helwrieth'; 539-40 (XXXIV), lists of, and notes on, Welsh musical measures; 541-55 (XXXV-XXXVI), a list of Welsh triads ('Llyma drioedh mab y krinwas'), accounts of 'redditus assisus' of the vills of Colshull, Eulowe, Baghegr, and Rothelan, a list of the 'Consuetudines Molend' de Dee' from 'an old book of Ed'd Whitby, recorder of Chester', a list of those who rendered 'Homage and Fealty . . . to ye Prince of Wales', 29 Edward I, etc.; 557-63 (XXXVII), two lists headed 'A table for ye rest of ye contents of this book' and 'A table belonging to Coch Assaph' (for the contents of sections XXXI-XXXVII cf. the relevant parts of NLW MS 7011D); 569-95 (XXXVIII), replies [by Henry Rowlands to Edward Lhuyd's] parochial questionnaire in respect of the parishes of Llanidan, Llanedwen, Llanddeniel, Llanvair pull gwingill, and Llandysilio, co. Anglesey, partly in Rowlands's own hand; 597-9 (XXXIX), an account of 'A strange showre of Haile fallen in Anglesey and Carnarvonshire' in 1697; 601-05 (XL), extracts (Latin) with the superscription 'De Belli Marisci Origine . . .'; 607-09 (XXXVIII misplaced), notes on the words 'bod', 'caer', 'tref', etc. (pp. 597-609 probably in the hand of Henry Rowlands); 611-22 (XLI), 'A scheme of the wind and weather att Llanberis', 1 March [16]9[6] to 28 February [1697]; 623-52 (XLII), pedigrees of families in cos. Denbigh and Flint in the hand of Lewis Dwnn (described by J. Gwenogvryn Evans as a detached portion of Peniarth MS 268; see J. Gwenogvryn Evans MS 70A in the National Library of Wales, also Report on Manuscripts in the Welsh Language, vol. I, p. 1090); and 653-97 (XLIII), a copy, partly holograph, of an essay on 'The Parish of St. John Evangelist and Burrough of Brecknock' by Hugh Thomas (cf. NLW MS 777B). Holograph notes by Evan Evans ('Ieuan Fardd') on NLW MS 6209E and this volume, compositely described as MS I in the 'Seabright Collection, being Edward Lhuyd's MSS', appear in Panton MS 7 (NLW MS 1976) (see Report on Manuscripts in the Welsh Language, vol. II, p. 807 and a calendar description by J. Gwenogvryn Evans of this volume alone, described as the 'Nanhoron MS', is included in J. Gwenogvryn Evans MS 70A.

Pedigrees, genealogical notes, etc.,

Miscellaneous papers including genealogical notes on the descendants of [the Rev.] Hugh Williams, D.D. [father of Sir William Williams ('Speaker Williams') and founder of the family of Wynn of Wynnstay]; a pedigree tracing the descent of the children of [the Rev.] Rich[ar]d Howard [rector of Denbigh, 1818-1843, and of Llandegfan with Beaumaris, 1826-1843] and Dorothea, his wife [née] Clough, from the aforementioned Hugh W[illia]ms; a pedigree headed 'The Carreglwyd Pedigree Copied at Carreglwyd [co. Anglesey] the 20th Sept. 1820' tracing the descent of John, William, Sarah and Barbara, children of the Rev. Rich[ard] Griffith, vicar of Carnarvon (Llanbeblig) [1746-1762], and Margaret, his wife [née Griffith of Carreglwyd], from Ednyvet Vychan and thence from 'Marchudd one of the 15 Tribes of North Wales'; a record of the births and christenings [at Llanbeblig] of John, Edw[ar]d, Emm [sic], W[illia]m and Sarah [children of the aforementioned Rev. Richard Griffith and Margaret, his wife], 1730-1737, and of the births, 1733-1734, of two other children of the said Richard and Margaret who were not christened; a pedigree tracing the descent of Maria Emma Elisabeth Conway [nat. 1840], only child and heiress of Rich[ar]d Trygarn Griffith [of Carreglwyd] and wife of Sir Chandos Stanhope Hoskyn Reade [8th Bart.], from Edward Griffith of Carnarvon, mercer [grandfather of the aforesaid Rev. Richard Griffith]; a copy of a memorial inscription to the Rev. William Griffith, son of the aforesaid Rev. R[ichard] Griffith, vicar of Carnarvon (Llanbeblig) [1762-1766], in the parish church of Frodsham, co. Chester; genealogical memoranda relating to the family of Powell of Glanywern in the parish of Llandyrnog, co. Denbigh, including a pedigree showing the 'Descent of the Cloughs from the Powells of Glanywern & their Consequent Half Blood Relations'; a copy of a memorial inscription to Howel Lloyd of Hafodunos and Dorothea, his wife; a pedigree (with armorial bearings) showing the parents, paternal grandparents, and children of the aforesaid Howell and Dorothea Lloyd; a record of the births and of the christenings in St. Mary's chapel, Carnarvon, 1772-1785, of Thomas, Emma, Margaret, Wynn, Richard Coytmor, Robert and Hugh, children of Richard Howard [of Carnarvon, ob. 1792] and Barbara, his wife; genealogical memoranda relating to Katherine of Berain and her descendants; a copy (? translation from Latin) of the memorial inscription to Sara Horsley, ob. 1805, wife of Samuel Horsley, bishop successively of St. Davids [1788-1793], Rochester [1793-1802], and St. Asaph [1802-1806]; a copy of an obituary notice in respect of Mrs. [Anne] Wynne, relict of John Wynne, bishop [successively of St. Asaph, 1715-1727, and] of Bath and Wells [1727-1743]; a draft of a memorial inscription to the Newborough family which was to be set up [in the parish church of Berkley, Somerset] in 1751; a pedigree tracing the descent of [the Rev.] Benjamin Conway Potter [who circa 1825 assumed the surname Conway in lieu of Potter] from Henry de Novoburgo, [cr. 1st] earl of Warwick [1088]; biographical notes on [the Rev.] Robert Potter, 1721-[1804], his father, grandfather and great grandfather; and papers relating to law suits in connection with a messuage and lands called Nant yr Helfa, parish of Llanyckill, Merioneth (second half of the seventeenth century).

Peisarfau ac amrywiol,

A composite volume belonging to John Jones ('Myrddin Fardd') containing notes and press cuttings concerning heraldry, etc. At the beginning in another hand are accounts of 'Gibbet Hill' [Llanfair Caereinion] subscribed 'Mrs B- December 12. 59', 'Sion y Clochydd' and 'Bryn Llawenydd'. The press cuttings include a series of articles on 'Pymtheg Llwyth Gwynedd' by [the Reverend Hugh Parry] 'Cefni'. There are one or two loose items, including a sheet in an eighteenth century hand containing 'Naw gradd Carrennydd' and two 'englynion', etc., 'Awgrym fûd' (a deaf and dumb alphabet), and 'Llyma y pum achos sydd i gadw acha[u].'

The fifteen tribes of North Wales, etc.,

A manuscript (watermark 1838) in a parchment cover made out of an affidavit sworn at Swansea, 1821, containing transcripts from a manuscript or manuscripts of Peter Vaughan, A.M., vicar of Llangerniw [Llangernyw, co. Denbigh] as follows: two 'englynion' containing the names of the fifteen tribes of Gwynedd; 'A short acc[oun]t of the fifteen tribes of North Wales collected out of ancient B[r]itish MSS. by P[eter] V[aughan]', followed by an account of the five royal tribes of Cambria ('5 Brenhinllwyth Cymry'), with the names of 'Pump Kostawglwyth Cymry' and '3 byrriach Gwynedd'; the pedigrees of the fifteen tribes of North Wales, etc., drawn to Beli Mawr; the names of the kings of Britain to Brutus and to Cadwaladr and of the princes of Wales from Cadwaladr to Llewelyn ab Griffith; and 'A short acc[oun]t of the Archbishopricks & Bishopricks in England & Wales by P[eter] V[aughan] 1685'. The tenor of the affidavit forming the cover is that Robert Withecombe of the town of Swansea, co. Glamorgan, gent., knows Alexander Prole and Dorothea, his wife, two of the cognizors named in a fine. Loose in the manuscript is a fragment of a (?) fourteenth century legal manuscript in Latin, once used as a cover for a small book or manuscript.

The Fifteen Tribes, &c.

Two accounts of the Fifteen Tribes of North Wales; the arms and pedigrees of Welsh families; and a letter, 1819, from Richard Llwyd (Bard of Snowdon) to Paul Panton the Younger (p. 49a).

Llwyd, Richard, 1752-1835

Transcripts of chronicles, etc. (in seven parts),

Itinerarium Cambriae and Topographia Cambriae [sic] by Giraldus Cambrensis.

Historia Anglorum of Henry of Huntingdon with 'Epistola missa henrico regi secundo anglorum super lamentatione David regis', 'Historia de vita et moribus et morte regis David', and 'De genealogia Henrici regis'.

'Descriptio Britannie & insularum adiacentium ex antiquis auctoribus'.

'Res gestae Rom. Imperatorum in Britannia a Jul. Caesaris usque ad finem Imp. Theodosii Junioris ... collectae ex antiquis auctoribus.'

'De Rebus in Cambria & Regibus Cambr. praecipue a Maylgwyn Gwyneth', from Camber to 1457.

Miscellaneous chronologies and historical notes.

Notes in English on David [Dafydd] Gam, David ap Ievan ap Eingan, the Fifteen Tribes of Gwynedd, and the pedigree of the family of Meredith ap Ievan ap Robert, 1661.