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Hengwrt Estate (Llanelltyd, Wales) -- Library
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A catalogue of the Hengwrt library

A catalogue, in the autograph of Robert Vaughan, of the books and manuscripts in the Hengwrt library, [c. 1659].

Vaughan, Robert, 1592-1667

A catalogue,

A draft catalogue by Richard Llwyd ('Bard of Snowdon') of books and manuscripts at Hengwrt.

Richard Llwyd.

'Amryw',

A manuscript volume with the title 'AMRYW' in gold lettering on the spine. Written throughout by William Owen [-Pughe], the manuscript contains transcripts of parts of two older manuscripts, the one in the hand of Lewis Morris [B.M. Add. MS 14908, ff. 36-58], and the other in the hand of Owen Jones, 'Owain Myfyr' [B.M. Add. MS 15020, pp. 1-5, 7-12, 27-8, 33- 5, 44-5, 52-8, 67-70, 93-107, 109-15, 117-23]. The first item in the present manuscript, pp. 1-39, is a transcript of the Statute of Rhuddlan, 'Ystatus Rhuddlan yw hon. A.D. 1283', copied from Lewis Morris's manuscript, which is in turn a copy of a vellum manuscript in the Hengwrt library, which he transcribed in 1738 [i.e. Peniarth MS 41]. The remainder of the present manuscript is copied from B.M. Add. MS 15020, pp. 49-50, 'Rhif Carennydd'; pp. 50-52, 'Llyma y 24 gore, y rhai sy'n ddysg ac yn siampl dda'; p. 53, 'Tri anrhaith Marx Ynys Prydain Mr. Morris o'r Ll. Dû o Gaerfyrddin, Tri Thrin Eddystir Ynys Prydain, Tri Gohoew Eddystir Ynys Prydain, Tri hoew Eddystir Ynys Prydain'; p. 54, 'Cis ddynion Selyf ddoeth'; p. 55, 'Câs Bethau Owen Cyfeiliog'; pp. 56-9, 'Arthur a'i Farchogion (o Lyfr Lewis Dwnn), 3 Aur dafodiawg Farxawg, 3 Marxog Gwyryf, oedd yn Llys Arthur, 3 Chad Farxog, 3 Lledrithiog Farxog, 3 Brenhinawl Farxog, 3 Chyfion Farxog, 3 Gwrthyniad Farchog, 3 Chynghoriad Farxog'; p. 60, 'Pum maib Cenau ap Coel hen ap Riodawr [sic] o'r Gogledd'; pp. 61-3, 'Plant Llowarx hen o fwy nag un wraig, Plant Owain hael ap Urien, Plant Llew ap Cynfarx, Meibion Cynwyd Cynwydion, Plant Urien Reged, Plant Cynfarx'; pp. 64-6, 'Tri thlws ar ddêg ynys Brydain a roed i Daliesin hen Beirdd'; p. 67, 'Saith Gyneddf Gwr dewisol - Taliesin a'i Dywawd'; p. 67, 'Nattur Meddwdod (allan o Dlysau'r hen Oesoedd gan Lewis Morris Yswain)'; pp. 68- 75, 'Llyma Trioedd Arbennig, Trioedd Serch, Trioedd Taliesin, Trioedd Mab y Crinwas'; p. 76, 'Llymma Leoedd ynghorph Dyn y bydd swrn gyneddfau ynddynt'; p. 76, 'Geiriau Gwir Cattw ddoeth'; p. 77, 'Saith ymofynion saith o wyr doethion, ac atteb pob un i'w gilydd'; p. 78, 'Geiriau Gwir'; pp. 79-88, 'Hanes yr Ymrysongerdd rhwng Edmwnt Prys Arxdiagon Meirionydd a Wiliam Cynwal prydydd ac Arwyddfardd - (Ll. Gwyrdd R. Morris Esq.)' [cf. Y Greal (Llundain, 1805), tt. 9-13]; pp. 89-119, 'Damhegion a 'sgrifenwyd ar Femrwn ynghylch y Flwyddyn 1300 - adgrifenwyd [sic] 1769. O. Jones - a minnau 'sgrifenais o Lyfr O. Jones, 1783 - Gwilym Owain', [cf. Y Greal ( Llundain, 1806-1807), tt. 322-9, 366, 279-80, 366-70, and also in Ifor Williams, Chwedlau Odo (Caerdydd, 1957), tt. 1-8, 11-23]; pp. 120-5, 'Copïau o Gwynion fal y maent yn Ysgrifenedig o law Guttyn Owain, gyd â Mr. Trefor, Tref Alun, Cwyn Camgroes, Cwyn torr Croes, Cwyn Anghyfarx, Cwyn Amobr, Cwyn sarhaed', [cf. Y Greal (Llundain, 1806), tt. 321-2, 281, 322]; pp. 126-8, 'Goleufynag o rai Henwau gan y Parchedig Mr. Dav. Jones 1572 - allan o Lythyrau y Parx. Sion Morgan at Moses Williams - Mai 3. 1714'; p. 128, 'Englynion [3] yn rhagymadrodd Llyfr L. Dwnn', beginning 'Fe ddenfyn Duw gwyn da i gyd - a fo raid . . .', with the ascription 'Lewis Dwnn 1606'; p. 129, five 'englynion' entitled 'I'r Pedwar Gwynt' by 'Simwnt Fyxan. Pencerdd', beginning 'Dwyrain dwymyn syx lle'r ymdeurydd, - llu . . .'; p. 130, an 'englyn' entitled 'I Delyn' ('Dd. Ellis a'i cant Jes. Coll. Oxon from Meirion but qu. Revd. Gro. Owen's hand writing. R.M.') beginning 'Difyrrwx di drwx di drais - tawelaidd . . .'; and pp. 130-33, 'Cywydd o waith y Parxedig Sion Morgan i Moses Williams', beginning 'Moes yn awr, wr mawr, i mi, . . .', followed by the note: 'Danfonodd y Cywydd hwn fal y mae heb ei orphen mewn Llythyr i M. Williams yn Nhy Mr. Thomas, Crane Court Fleet Street London - Dyddiedig Odd. Ionawr 1717'. Tipped in on p. 135 is a note, 17 July 1823, referring to Mrs. Townley and Captain Tuck.

William Owen-Pughe.

Barddoniaeth, etc.,

Miscellaneous papers and home-made booklets containing transcripts, lists, notes, memoranda, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. Pp. 1-64 contain transcripts of Welsh strict-metre poems attributed to Dafydd Benwyn, Siôn Ieuan ap Rhys Fychan, Llywelyn ap Hywel ap Ieuan ap Gronw 'o Lantrisant Misgyn', Iorwerth Hen, Dafydd Llwyd Mathau, Ieuan Du'r Bilwg, Owain ap Llywelyn ap y Moel y Pantri, Dafydd Hopcin 'o Blwyf y Coetty', Siôn Bradford, Rhys Morgan 'o Ben Craig Nedd', Gutto'r Glynn, Bedo Brwynllys, Syr Rhisiart Lewys, Siôn ap Hywel Gwynn, Rhisiart Iorwerth, Rhys Goch 'o Eryri', Ieuan Dyfi, Hopcin ap Thomas ab Einion, Dafydd ap Gwilym, and Hywel ap Dafydd ap Ieuan ap Rhys, with occasional notes on the poet and / or the poem attributed to Siôn Bradford. Preceding p. 1 are two, brown- paper leaves one of which is inscribed 'Englynion, Awdlau, a Chywyddau o Lyfr Ieuan Bradford a'i synniadau ef arnynt'. Other Welsh verse items transcribed include sequences of 'Englynion y misoedd' attributed to Merfyn Gwawdrydd and Madawg ab Merfyn Gwawdrydd (77- 85, 95-8), 'englynion' attributed to Gruff. ab Daf. ab Tudur (93), Rhisiart Iorwerth (93), Dafydd Nicolas, Aberpergwm (99), Cadwgan ap Rhys ( 99), Thos. Lln. Regoes (99), Llawdden (100), Ieuan Brydydd Hir (101), Siôn ap Dafydd (207), [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (216, 257), John Jones ' o Fôn' (218), D. Edmwnd (282), Tudur Aled (359), Edmwnd Prys (438), Gruff. Philip (438), and D[afydd ap] G[wilym] (470), a 'cywydd' attributed to Robert Huws 'o Fôn' (101-03), three poems entitled 'Buarth Beirdd', 'Canu y byd mawr', and 'Canu y byd bychan' [from the 'Book of Taliesin'] (105-10), a sequence of 'Englynion y coedydd a gant y Beirdd yn eu Cadair gân yn Llangynwyd', the 'englynion' being attributed to Edward Dafydd, Dafydd Edward, Charles Meredydd, Siams Thomas, Hywel Rhys, Dafydd Rhys, William Lidwn, Hopcin Thomas, Siôn Padam, Mathew Llwyd 'o Gelli Gaer', Llywelyn Thomas, and Harri Lleision 'o Lancarfan' (121-3), an 'awdl' and a sequence of eleven 'englynion' attributed to Edward Evans (125-30), extracts from the works of the Cynfeirdd as published in The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales, vol. I, here transcribed under the superscription 'Assonances of the school of Taliesin or of the 6th century' (149-63), ten stanzas with the title 'Cân i'r llaw' attributed to Siôn Wiliams 'o Landathan' (181-4), further extracts from the works of the Cynfeirdd as published in The Myvyrian Archaiology, vol. I, under the superscription 'Cynghanedd unawdl. Consonance of rhime the only consonance that was systematically required by the Bards of the ancient school' (202-04), four stanzas with the title 'Darnau o Gân y Mab o'r Dolau Gleision' (209), further extracts from the works of the Cynfeirdd as published in The Myvyrian Archaiology (210-12), extracts from 'Y Gododdin' (374-85), and three stanzas attributed to Mabclaf ap Llywarch (489). (continued)

Prose items include a note on a 'vellum, very ancient' manuscript of the 'Laws of Dyfnwal Moelmud and other ancient Laws antecedent to those of Hywel Dda' allegedly to be found amongst the Hengwrt MSS in the late seventeenth century (93-4), triads (133-4, 136, 279), an account of 'wear and tear expences, daily expences on my [? Edward Williams's] Tour thro' South Wales in 1802' (167), a list of 'Names of Places in N[orth] W[ales]' (168-9), notes on Gruffydd ap Cynan's connection with the Welsh bardic laws (177-80), a brief note on Welsh vernacular dialects (180), a brief genealogy of Syr Rhys ap Thomas (187), a brief account of 'schools' of Welsh poetry, viz. the Ancient or Primitive school, the schools of Taliesin, Gruffydd ap Cynan, Tir Iarll or Rhys goch ap Rhiccert, and Llawdden, the Northwalian school, the schools of Nature, Gronwy Owain, Glamorgan, and the Gwyneddigion, the modern Southwalian school, and the school of the Jumpers including 'William Williams, the hymn carpenter' (258-9, 188-91, 196-9, leaves misplaced), two lists headed 'Naw Cyhydedd' and 'Corvannau' (201), a brief note on 'cynghanedd lusc', assonant terminations, and initial and complex alliterations (205), a brief pedigree of George Owain (206), a list with the superscription 'Letters and Essays of Iolo Morganwg' (219, 235), lists of caps and wigs which would be sold 'at the Annual Fair' on All Fool's Day (222-3), a list of 'Gwyr Cwm y Felin' (224; see NLW MS 13121B above ), two medicinal recipes for the cure of cancer (227-8), a statistical table showing average rainfall in various parts of the British Isles (228), a similar table showing the population of various South Wales towns [? circa 1800, see IM, t. 5] (230), a ? introductory note to an intended collection of Welsh proverbs and aphorisms (231), extracts from The Crit[ical] Review, June 1803 (233-4), lists of rare plants, various kinds of stone, clay, etc., castles, abbeys and monasteries, ancient houses in the Gothic style, other ruins, [gentlemen's] seats, British and Roman camps, and Druidical monuments, ? all in Glamorgan (240-52), a list of Glamorgan exports (253), a list of 'Fish in Ogmore River' (255-6), a brief pedigree of Oliver Cromwell (280), a list of Welsh families who derived their surnames from their place of residence (393-4), a list of North Wales poets whose names were derived from place-names and a list of South Wales poets (395-6), notes headed 'Peculiarities of the North Walian dialect' (405-09), a list of 'Barbarous names of places in Anglesea' (413), ? extracts from 'Adam Littleton's Latin Geographical and Historical Dictionary, Anno 1678' (429-31), a note on Llanfachreth church [co. Merioneth] (438), a list of the commissioners at the 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys [co. Flint], 9 Elizabeth I, and of some of the bards licensed at the said 'eisteddfod' (453), two lots of notes on agriculture headed 'Ffermyddiaeth hen' and 'Hen ffermyddiaeth' (455-7), and biographical or genealogical notes or data (sometimes very brief) relating to Llywelyn Brenn, Ifor ap Einon, Llywelyn Bren Hen and Llywelyn Bren Ieuanc (165), Rhys Pritchard (176), Walter Lollard, Dafydd Ddu Hiraddug, John Stow, [John] Gower, and [Geoffrey] Chaucer (193), John de Ecclescliff, Lleibiaw, Ceraint Hir, Nicholas ap Gwrgant, and John Pascall, all bishops of Llandaff (192 + 200), Ifor Hael (200 + 235), Thos. Wilkins, rector of Lanmaes, ob. 1699 (200), Edward Davies, rector of St. Brides, ob. 1672 ( 201), members of the Berkrolls family (217), Gwynfardd Dyfed (235), and Wm. Llyn (487). Also included in the volume are lists or groups of Welsh words (sometimes with English definitions), extracts of varying length from the works of Welsh bards and poets (sometimes to provide examples of specific words, phrases, or names, e.g. Hu Gadarn), and notes or memoranda on a variety of subjects.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Boundaries within Wales, &c.,

'Gossodedigaetheu a Messureu y Deyrnas, Cantrevi a Chymydeu Kymry', being a list of hundreds, commotes and other geographical divisions within Wales. At the end of every division is a list of its castles.
The list of 'Cantreds and Commotes of Wales' (p. 5) agrees practically with the one in Peniarth MS 163.

A 'Copy of the Dedication of, and Preface to Sir Thomas Wiliems's Latin-British Dictionary', together with notes on the life and work of Dr John Davies, Mallwyd, and ballads, which include the works of Rowland Fychan of Caer-gai, Lewis Morris and Richard Abraham, written c. 1738 (see p. 2). Also including englynion to Robert Vaughan, Caer-gai by Dr John Davies; a translation by Dr Davies of Thomas Wiliems's dedication of his Dictionary to Sir Richard Wynne, Gwydir; and notes concerning Thomas Wiliems's Dictionary at Hengwrt, with a copy of its Preface (see Peniarth MS 228).

Medical recipes similar to those of 'Meddygon Myddfai', written 1693 (see p. 73).

Catalogue of Hengwrt manuscripts,

Another copy of W. W. E. Wynne's 'Catalogue of the Hengwrt MSS at Peniarth' (see Peniarth MS 554), with the revised Peniarth manuscript numbers written in the margins and some additional entries by J. Gwenogvryn Evans, 1861-1902.

Catalogue of Hengwrt manuscripts,

A printer's copy in the hand of W. W. E. Wynne of part of his 'Catalogue of the Hengwrt MSS. at Peniarth', which was published in Archaeologia Cambrensis 3rd series, vol. XV (1869), pp. 209-25, 352-78; 4th series, vol. I, pp. 73-100 (see Peniarth MSS 554-555); together with a letter, dated 21 July 1869, from W. W. E. Wynne to the editor of the Archaeologia Cambrensis (f. 73), and three letters, dated 7 May - 15 August 1869, from Robert Williams, Rhydycroesau, Oswestry to W. W. E. Wynne concerning the proof-reading of the text (ff. 74-6).

Catalogue of Hengwrt manuscripts,

A copy of W. W. E. Wynne's 'Catalogue of the Hengwrt MSS at Peniarth' published in Archaeologia Cambrensis 3rd series, vol. XV (1869), pp. 209- 25, 352-78; 4th series, vol. I (1870), pp. 73-100, 324-40; vol. II (1871), pp. 101-39, and 'Catalogue of the Peniarth MSS', 3rd series, vol. VII (1861), pp. 164-8, marked-up with J. Gwenogvryn Evans's revised Peniarth manuscript numbers and with valuations of the manuscripts.

Catalogues of the Hengwrt and Cefn y Braich manuscripts

A volume containing copies in the hand of Evan Evans (Ieuan Fardd) of a catalogue of manuscripts at Hengwrt (ff. 2-22 verso); and two catalogues of the library of William Maurice at Cefn y Braich, Llansilin, the first being Maurice's own catalogue (ff. 32-34 verso), the second a later catalogue (ff. 35-36). The Hengwrt catalogue is a copy of that in the hand of William Maurice, dated 1658. A note by Evan Evans concerning the Cefn y Braich catalogues is on f. 34 verso.

Maurice, William, -approximately 1680

Chronicles, poetry, &c.

A composite volume in the hand of Evan Evans (Ieuan Fardd) containing notes on the Statute of Rhuddlan by Lewis Morris (pp. 1-11); Welsh poetry with Latin translations (pp. 12-32) and further Welsh poetry, by Iolo Goch, Lewis Glyn Cothi, Guto'r Glyn, Hywel ap Dafydd ab Ieuan ap Rhys (Hywel Dafi) and others (pp. 237-408); notes on musical notation (pp. 33-84) and on 'the music of the antient Britons' (pp. 90-99); a poem to 'J. W. Parry or twr gwyn' by Goronwy Owen (pp. 85-89); a list of manuscripts at Hengwrt in 1738, including Dr John Davies's Dictionary (p. 100); 'Vocabula Gallica' (pp. 101-116); chronicles, including an account of the British Princes by Bishop Humphreys (pp. 117-140) and a copy of 'Llyfr W. Llyn' (pp. 409-428); 'Gosodiad, Mesureu, Rhyfeddodeu etc. Ynys Brydein' (pp. 141-190); and 'The Saxon Heptarchy' (pp. 191-236); etc.

Morris, Lewis, 1701-1765

Gramadeg y beirdd, etc.,

A composite volume containing miscellaneous transcripts, extracts, notes, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Pp. 1-60 contain a copy of the medieval Welsh metrical treatise or bardic grammar which is usually attributed to Einion Offeiriad and/or Dafydd Ddu o Hiraddug. In the present version which, according to a note on p. 61, was transcribed [by Edward Williams] from manuscript texts then in the possession of Mr. [Thomas] Richards of Llangrallo [co. Glamorgan] and the Reverend Thomas Evans of Brechfa [co. Carmarthen], the work is, however, attributed to Edern Dafod Aur. For the probable source of the present text, subsequent transcripts made of it, its attribution (probably by Edward Williams) to Edern Dafod Aur, and its connection with the version published in John Williams ('Ab Ithel'): Dosparth Edeyrn Davod Aur . . . (Llandovery, 1856), see the introduction to G. J. Williams ac E. J. Jones (gol.) : Gramadegau' r Penceirddiaid (Caerdydd, 1934), p. xv, and J. Morris-Jones: 'Dosbarth Edern Dafod Aur', The Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, 1923 4, pp. 1-28. The other items in the volume include pp. 61-70, variant readings of the text of the above-mentioned treatise to be found in the two manuscript sources noted; 85-6, notes on Welsh poetic metres and on an 'eisteddfod' reputedly held at Marchwiail, co. Denbigh, circa 1350 or later in the fourteenth century; 87-8, a list of the contents of pp. 89-247 (previously paginated 1-161); 89-110, a version of the statute or code of rules for regulating the training and conduct of Welsh bards and musicians usually associated with the name of Gruffudd ap Cynan and here associated with the names of the said Gruffudd and Bleddyn ap Cynfyn ('. . . o Lyfr . . . Mr. Wiliam Wiliams o Landegai yn Arfon'); 110-13, notes on an 'eisteddfod' held by invitation of Rhys ap Gruffudd, lord of Dinefwr, at Cardigan (from the same source as the preceding item); 113-17, another shorter version of the above-mentioned statute with notes of subsequent confirmations by Rhys ap Tewdwr and his grandson Rhys ap Gruffudd ('O Lyfr Hywel Rhys o'r Faenor'); 118, a sketch plan showing the ? respective positions of the different grades of bards and musicians at an 'eisteddfod' and sketches of some musical instruments ('O Lyfr Hafod Ychtryd ysgrifen John Jones o'r Gelli Lyfdy'); 119-23, a further version of the abovementioned statute as reputedly confirmed at an 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys [co. Flint], 1568 ('O Lyfr Mr. Cobb o Gaer Dydd'); 124-44, a treatise on Welsh poetic metres with the superscription 'Llyma Gyfarwyddyd Ar Fesurau Cerdd Dafawd a dynnwyd allan o Lyfrau Simwnt Fychan Bencerdd ag eraill . . .' and with a concluding note '. . . A myfi Wiliam Philip o'r Hendre Fechan yn Ardudwy a'i tynnais allan o waith yr awduron gorchestol a fuant o'm blaen . . .', transcribed from 'un o Lyfrau Mr. Cobb o Gaer Dydd yn . . . 1782'; 145-53, a further version of the statute of Gruffudd ap Cynan as confirmed at an 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys in 1524 (recte 1523), with a list of bards and musicians licensed at the said 'eisteddfod', transcribed 'o No. 65, P.P., Yswain, Plas Newydd ym Môn' (i.e ., from Panton MS 65, now NLW MS 2031, of which see pp. 200-12] (see also NLW MS 13099B); 153-60, a list of the twenty-four Welsh strict poetic metres with illustrative examples [? transcribed from the aforementioned Panton MS 65, pp. 186-93] (see also NLW MS 13099B); 160- 64, notes on, and lists of, Welsh musical measures, etc., transcribed 'o Lyfr No. 65 Plas Newydd ym Môn' [i.e. Panton MS 65, of which see pp. 194- 200] (see also NLW MS 13099B); 164-70, anecdotes relating to Dafydd ap Edmwnt and the 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen [circa 1450] in the presence of Gruffudd ap Nicolas (according to the superscription 'Ex Vol. XVII, P.P. Plas Newydd, Môn' [i.e. Panton MS.17 now NLW MS 1986A], but, according to a note on p. 170, copied from an old manuscript at Plas Newydd and compared with versions in another manuscript there and a manuscript in the Hengwrt Library in the hand of J[ohn] Jones of Gelli Lyfdy [this last possibly now Peniarth MS 267 in the National Library]); 171-94, an account of the revision of the regulations relating to the Welsh bards and musicians, the rules of 'cynghanedd', and the twenty-four strict metres undertaken in connection with, or at, the aforementioned 'eisteddfod' held by Gruffudd ap Nicolas at Carmarthen, anecdotes relating to Dafydd ap Edmwnd and the said 'eisteddfod', etc., taken 'O Lyfr Iago ab Dewi yn awr gan Mr. Thomas Evans o Frechfa' (for the text of pp. 171-94 see Y Greal . . ., 1805-1806, tt. 49-61, 97-103, 151-4, and for an evaluation of the contents G. J. Williams: 'Eisteddfod Caerfyrddin', Y Llenor, cyf. V, tt. 94-5; see also IMCY, tt. 86-95); 195-9, further anecdotes relating to Dafydd ap Edmwnd and the aforesaid 'eisteddfod' at Carmarthen and an 'eisteddfod' at Nant Gonwy, notes relating to the date of the 'eisteddfod' at Carmarthen, a list of four 'eisteddfodau' held at Carmarthen, Abermarlas, and Castell Gweblai, 1452-1486, etc.; 201-35, a version of the treatise on Welsh bardic craft published by William Midleton in 1593 [Bardhoniaeth neu brydydhiaeth y llyfr kyntaf . . . ( Llundain, 1593)] with additions and variations, which are probably to be attributed to Edward Williams himself, inserted in, or appended to, the text of the original treatise (see the introduction to G. J. Williams (gol .): Barddoniaeth neu Brydyddiaeth gan Wiliam Midleton . . . (Caerdydd, 1930), more particularly tt. 42-4); 235-40, further notes on Welsh poetic metres; and 241-6, further notes relating to two 'eisteddfodau' held at Carmarthen, ?1451 and ?1461.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Historical notes,

A volume of historical material in the hand of Robert Roberts ('Y Sgolor Mawr'), including a list of Hengwrt manuscripts extracted from Archaeologia Cambrensis, 1869; extracts from the Domesday Chronicle; a list of chief tenants of the counties of Anglesey, Caernarvon, and Merioneth, 1344; and an incomplete draft essay on the early history of Britain and Wales.

Letters to D. Silvan Evans, etc.,

Eight letters, 1858 [?1859]-74, from Tho[ma]s Stephens, Merthyr Tydfil, seven of which are addressed to D. Silvan Evans and one to W. W. E. Wynne, Peniarth (copy). Accompanying one of the letters to D. Silvan Evans are transcripts of four letters, 1846-9, from the Reverend Walter Davies ('Gwallter Mechain'), writing from Penmaen Dovey n[ea]r Machynlleth and Llanrhaiadr, Oswestry, to Thomas Stephens ('Casnodyn'). Subjects touched upon include D. Silvan Evans's orthography [i.e. Llythyraeth yr iaith Gymraeg], the 'Madogwys', the Llangollen essay, the (new) bishop of Bangor, the Hengwrt manuscripts and articles for Archaeologia Cambrensis.

Letters, vol. IV,

A volume made up of about one hundred and forty items of correspondence, etc. 1791-1806 and undated, addressed (except where otherwise stated) to William Owen [-Pughe]. The correspondents are the following: p. 83, Joseph Allen, Teacher of Mathematics, &c., Pembroke, 1792 (1) (queries); p. 453, Joseph Belk [London], 1806 (1) (requesting a favour); pp. 477, 481, 485, M. Belk, Doncaster, 1805 (3, two to Mrs. Owen) (personal matters, account of a dream); p. 469, Wm. Belk [? Doncaster], n.d. (1) (mention of Joanna [? Southcott], enclosing a copy of a letter, 1805, from James Brown, Newcastle upon Tyne, to Mr. Garratt, minister of Sions Chaple [sic], Lant Street, London, his son's behaviour); pp. 333, 369, 443, J. Britton, Bath, Chippenham, and [], 1800-1801 and 1804 (3) (mention of excursions, a request for reviews); pp. 383, 391, 415, 461, Thos Charles, Bala, [1800], 1806, and undated (4) (a query, an edition of the Welsh Bible); pp. 201, 225, 233, 301, 337, 359, 365, W[illiam] Coxe, Bemerton, etc., 1800-1803 and undated (7 (mention of proofs, the Vindication, etc.); p. 389, Rob. Davyz (Dafydd) [i.e. Robert Davies, 'Bardd Nantglyn'], Coviadur [Cymdeithas y Gwyneddigion], n.d. (1) (draft in the autograph of William Owen [-Pughe] of an address to Sharon Turner, 1803); pp. 91, 169, Edward Davies, Sodbury, 1793 and 1798 (2) ([The Heroic Elegies of] Llywarch Hen, apprehension lest a manuscript he sent should have been lost); pp. 179, 183, 297, 309, Hugh Davies (Rector of Aber), Beaumares [sic] and London, 1802-1803 (4) (the addressee's dictionary, Llyfyr y Resolution, etc.); pp. 79, 119, 124, 149, 153, 157, 173, 373, Walter Davies, 'Gwallter Mechain', Llanymynech and Myvod, etc., 1791-1799 and undated (8, one to Owen Jones) (mention of an essay for publication, the statistical account of Llanymyneich for the Cambrian Register, Whitaker's etymologies, the addressee's dictionary, the Report of North Wales, etc.); p. 447, T[homas] E[dwards] nant [i.e. 'Twm o'r Nant'], Dinbych, 1806 (1) (various anecdotes and tales); p. 127, Revd. Jn. Evans, Caira near Newport, 1794 (1, to E. and T. Williams, Booksellers, Strand, London) (an omission in the first part of Mr. Owen's dictionary); pp. 308, 317, Geo. Hardinge, n.d. (2) ([Edward] Davies and Mr. Henley, mention of the addressee's hints re the Celtic symbols); p. 107, M[aurice] Hughes, [printer], 1793 (1) (the controversy aroused by the addressee's plan to reform the Welsh language); p. 187, [Edward Jones, 'Bardd y Brenin', London], [1803] (1) (his recent severe illness, an invitation); p. 267, J[ohn] Jones, Ramoth near Tan-y-bwlch Inn, Merionethshire, 1803 (1) (enquiring about the dictionary); p. 421, O[wen] Jones, 1806 (1) (re the extracts from T. Wms.); pp. 195, 457, 507, 511, 515, The[ophilu]s Jones, Brecon, 1801-1806 and undated (5, three to William Owen and one each to Mr. Williams, Bookseller, Strand, and Owen Jones) (literary matters, etc.); p. 303, Thos. Jones, ['Y Bardd Cloff', London], 1802 (1) (sending an ode for the addressee's inspection (enclosure wanting)); p. 109, [William Jones] 'Cadfan', Llangadfan, 1793 (1) (concern for the fate of the addressee's dictionary, (?) reference to contemporary events, etc.); p. 113, Mr. LaTrobe [London], n.d. (1, to Mr. Samwell) (sending an extract from a letter concerning the Welsh Indians (enclosure wanting, but cf. I. A. Williams Collection, Letters to Iolo Morganwg, No. 320)); pp. 213, 385, 406, 423, Rich[ar]d Llwyd, Beaumaris, 1802-1806 and undated (4) (mention of old books [? manuscripts] at Brynddu near Amlwch, manuscripts at Hengwrt, etc.); p. 282, Messrs. Longman & Rees, [London], n.d. (1) (circular); pp. 427, 433, 494, 497, 501, 503, Robert Macfarlan, Hammersmith, 1804 (6 (observations for the addressee's opinion, requesting assistance in various matters); p. 425, Benj. He[ath] Malkin, n.d. (1) (an invitation to dinner, in a week's time he sets out for Glamorganshire); p. 361, William Moorcroft, [London], 1801 (1) (various queries); p. 165, bill from J. Newo [? Owen], (?)1797 (stationery, elegies); p. 259, Wm. [Owen, London], n.d. ( 1) to [ ] (a query concerning the Wendish language); p. 55, Th[omas] Pennant, Downing, 1789 (1) (he will be glad to receive the sequel of the addressee's enquiries, asking him to call on Mr. Sherwin, engraver, for a print of Mr. Pitt); p. 253, R. Phillips, [London, 1801] (1) (he has Mrs. Smith's permission to show him the MS); p. 135, Richard Powel, Yspytty, 1795 (1) (acknowledging a gift of the first part of the addressee's dictionary, opposition in various parts of North Wales to an Act to raise men for the Navy, various questions, the first part of a 'cywydd' entitled 'Cwymp Dyn a'i Adferiad' by 'Y Bardd Glâs o'r Gadair'); (continued)

p. 59, Siôn Wiliam [Prisiart], Plas-y-Brain, 1790 (1) (mention of a storm, the Dictionary, and D[afydd] Ddu, etc.); p. 203, E[dward] Pugh, [London], n.d. (1) (re sittings [? for a portrait]); W. O. Pughe, see under Owen, Wm.; p. 275, A[braham?] Raimbach, [London], 1803 (1) (Mr. Landseer and he will take tea with the addressee the following Tuesday evening); p. 431, O[wen] Rees, [London], n.d. (1) (introducing Mr. Malkin); p. 131, M. J. Rhees, Ponty Pool, 1794 (1) (he is obliged to give up the Welsh Magazine, subscribers to the addressee's dictionary, his intention to be at Carmarthen to print a collection of hymns for public worship, mention of the affair of Madam Bevan, re sailing to America); pp. 375, 379, W[illiam] Richards [of Lynn], Menaian Vawr, near Cardigan, and Lincoln, 1800 and 1804 (2) (an extract from a letter from Dr. Jones of Lower Dublin in Pensylvania [sic] referring to the death of John Evans, mention of his own little dictionary and of writing Welsh essays under different names such as 'Papuryn Achlysurol', etc., reference to a pirated edition (of a dictionary) now printed at Caermarthen); pp. 177, 199, 212, 218, 222, 230, 237, 244, 248, 292, 323, 328, 332, 340, 407, 438, 490, Gr[iffith] Roberts, senior, Dolgelley, surgeon, 1802-1804 (17, one undated) (his MSS, his son, John Roberts, a request for ear syringes, mention of old people dying of a kind of strange fever); pp. 343, 355, J[ohn] Roberts, Stadhampton near Dorchester, 1800-1801 (2) (mention of an edition of the Welsh Bible, a point relative to the late editions of the Common Prayer Book, he has taken the necessary steps to procure the loan of the Llyfr Coch); p. 191, 'Coffhâd am y Parchedig Goronwy Owain y Bardd', [poetry] by [John Roberts] 'S[iôn] Lleyn', beginning 'Eheded Awenydd hoywdeg-rheded . . . '; p. 441, Thos. Roberts, Llwynrhudol, [London], 1805 (1) (an invitation); p. 271, S. Rousseau, n.d. (1) (the addressee's pamphlet); p. 279, C. Smith, Strand, 1803 (1) (requesting him to look over a map); p. 463, C. Taylor, ?1805 (1, to the Revd. Mr. [Thomas] Charles) (re a map of the world); pp. 43, 51, 67, 71, 75, 87, 95, 143, D[avid] or Dafydd Thomas, 'D[afydd] Ddu [Eryri]', writing from Llanddeniolen, Bettws St. Garmon, Waunfawr, Llanystumdwy, and Amlwch, 1788-1795 (8, one to Owen Jones) (Y Sillafydd, mention of Capt. Harri Williams of Dolgelley, the dictionary, Tomas o'r Nant, 'eisteddfodau', Mr. D. Ellis, the school at Llanystumdwy, the death at Plas hen of Ifan Llwyd Fychan, esq., (Corsygedol), 'Ymddiddan Bleddyn fin Pladur a Thudur Glustfain', etc.); p. 145, J. Thomas, Welsh School, 1795 (1) (a request for a catalogue of the Welsh books and manuscripts belonging to the Charity); p. 351, D. Thurson, Oldcastle, Lampeter, 1801 (1) (requesting help for Mr. Moorcroft in connection with his researches); p. 283, Col. Toone [Epsom, Surrey], n.d. (1) (a request concerning the education of the writer's eldest son); p. 249, Joshua Toulmin, Taunton, [? 1800] (I, to R. Phillips, Bookseller, No. 71 St. Paul's Church Yard [London]) (an extract from a letter of the Revd. Harry Toulmin of Kentucky concerning the Welch [ sic] Indians for the Monthly Magazine); p. 231, Sh[aro]n Turner, [? London ], n.d. (1) (sending the Vindication); p. 319, T. R. Underwood, n.d. (1) (re tickets, (?) an invitation from Mr. Tobin to the addressee and Bard Williams to tea and to meet Mr. Southey); p. 47, Wm. Warrington, Shenley near Barnet, 1788 (1) (re maps); pp. 1, 5, 7, 11, 15, 19, 23, 27, 31, 35, 39, Edwd. Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', Bath, Flimston, and St. Mary Hill, 1791-1806 (11) (information for Dr. [John] Williams, his intended expedition to America, various requests, mention of a manuscript of Brut y Brenhinoedd, a projected work, answering a letter in which it was suggested that he 'took away the books in a fit of passion', a copy of a letter from Owen Jones, etc.); p. 347, Hen: Williams (Crickhowell) writing from London, 1801 (1) (he is unable to call, will subscribe to the addressee's next Welsh productions); p. 63, J[ohn] Williams, Sydenham, 1791 (1) (re arrangements to meet Mr. Drummond and the addressee); p. 115, John Williams, Llanrwst, 1793 (1) (the dictionary, hoping he has not adopted a new orthography, mention of the 'infamous translation' of the Prayer for the late Fast); pp. 207, 289, Margaret Williams, Flimston, 1802 (2) (requesting information concerning [her husband] Edwd. Williams ['Iolo Morganwg'], her daughter's health); p. 161, Rev. Rob[ert] Williams, Llandudno near Conway, 1796 (1) (mention of his degree and ordination to a curacy and of plans to go to Oxford and [London], 'a vessel sails from Carnarvon to America, this month with about 300 Emigrants all Inhabitants of Carnarvonshire Anglesey or Denbighshire'); pp. 263, 411, Robert Williams or Robert ap Gwilim, Southwark, 1803-1804 (2) (his safe arrival in London from Riga in Russia, wishing to visit the addressee, an invitation); p. 419, Wm. Williams [? London], 1806 (I, (? requesting payment of an account); p. 313, C. H. Wilson, n.d. (1) (his inability to accept the kind invitation); p.295, C. Wood, [London], 1802 (1) (requesting the address of Mr. E. Williams ['Iolo Morganwg']); and p. 99, Y Colegwyr, Coleg y Rhacgaer, 1793 (1, to [Edward Williams] 'Iorwerth ab Gwilim') (refuting the addressee's claim and vowing that the language of the Welsh Bible is the best Welsh and that they will compose poetry according to the rules of the book of Sion Dafydd Rhys). Other items consist of: p. 123, printed proposals, 2 September 1793, for printing the Celtic Remains; p. 257, notes [by William Owen-Pughe] on 'Ross', 'Rhos', and 'Rhys'; and p. 261, particulars of the 'Madogeion Society'. One or two of the signatures to the letters have been cut away.

Llythyrau,

A volume made up of about two hundred and ten items of correspondence, 1809-1810 and 1823-1825, nearly all addressed to William Owen Pughe. Some of the letters had been cut out before pagination. Where the date is not given in the ensuing description the letters belong to the period 1823-1825. The correspondents are: pp. 461, 465, The Earl of Aberdeen, President, Society of Antiquaries of London (2) (printed notices); pp. 347, 649, 667, 683, 709, 713, Chas. V. Barnard, Islington (6) (personal and business matters, he is sorry he betrayed the secret); p. 725, Archdeacon Thos. Beynon, Llandeilo-fawr (1) (sending copies of Cerddi . . . ar y Gwanwyn (1825), with draft reply); pp. 395, 623, C[harles] Broster, N[orth] W[ales] Gazette Office, Bangor (2) (re accounts); p. 745, Nich[ola]s Carlisle, Secretary of the Society of Antiquaries (1) (the Society's thanks for the addressee's exhibition of a gold torque discovered near Cader Idris in 1823); p. 11, Tho. Chandless [London], 1810 (1) (re the writer's property in Wales); p. 63, [?Joseph Davies], 'Ioseb ab Dewi', Llynlleiviad [Liverpool] (1) (he has not yet decided what to do); pp. 173, 479, Thomas Edward, [London] (2) (acquainting him of Mr. [David] Davis (Wullt[sic])'s illness, asking him to call upon the Reverend D. Owen at Spa Fields Chapel house); pp. 165, 335, 381, 501, 671, Thos. Edwards ['Caerfallwch'], [London] (5) (he has attempted to translate Bishop Porteus's poem on 'Death', a short holiday in Southend, urging the addressee to begin an English-Welsh Dictionary, mention of various individuals); pp. 77, 103, 111, 115, 149, J[ames] Evans , [London] (5) (sending a letter received from James Hughes ['Iago Trichrug'], matters connected with the Cymmrodorion, etc.); p. 535, E[len] Fenton (daughter) (1) (mention of crops, farming stock, a narrow escape from drowning, etc.); pp. 163, 301, J[ohn] Fenton (son-in-law), Tan y Gyrt and Segrwyd [nr. Denbigh] (2) (references to members of the writer's family, requesting a Welsh translation of Heber's words 'Brightest and best of the sons of the morning', expenditure at Segrwyd); pp. 475, 663, Thos. P. Foley, Oldswinford (2, one in part to [C. V.] Barnard) (acknowledging the safe arrival of the four cases and S.W. [? Sealed Writings], a visit to Mr. Kynnersleys in Staffordshire); p. 641, R. Fox, Hawk-stone [Shrewsbury postmark] (1) (arrangements if the addressee could come there); pp. 87, 193, Job Walden Hammer, Lincoln's Inn (2) (requesting an English translation of an ode to Sir Thos. Hanmer by William Lleyn, reference to the removal of the books of the Society of Cymmrodorion from the Welsh School to the Freemasons [?Hall]); p. 169, William Hammer, [London] (1) (requesting a copy and a translation of an ancient MS in the Cymmrodorion Collection relating to Sir Thos. Hammer and also information re Karwed); p. 383, H[ugh] Hughes, Engraver, Caermarthen [sic] (1) (anxiety about a manuscript left at the addressee's house); p. 249, H. Hughes, Tysoe Street [London] (1) (apologising for not being at hand when the addressee called, mention of (printing) types and of 'his disagreeable affair'); p. 521, a printed sheet containing a list of articles which could be supplied by H. Hughes, Bookseller and Stationer, No. 15, St. Martin-le-Grand, London; pp. 85, 107, 123, 273, 387, 391, James Hughes, 'Iago Trichrug', Deptford (6, one to J[ames] Evans, Secretary of the Metropolitan Cambrian Institution) (mention of Mel Awen [by Peter Jones, 'Pedr Fardd'], his return home after a journey lasting sixteen weeks, he has translated [Robert] Blair's poem 'The Grave', sending 'englynion' for the addressee to look over, the writer's circumstances, reference to bringing two letters from [Sign Wiliam Prisiart], Plas y Brain, and to the death of David [Davis], Macclesfield Street, Thomas Jones, Liverpool, would like to have his 'awdl' back if possible); p. 573 (ending on 571), Eliza Jones [artist], Foley Place [London] (1) (the very liberal conduct of the addressee and Mr. [John] Jones, ['Tegid'] and the very elegant present); pp. 179, 419, 463, 467, 495, 503, 585, 589, 595, 621, Griffith Jones, 36 Threadneedle Street [London] (10, including circulars) (matters in connection with the Cymmrodorion, etc.); pp. 81, 145, 399, 497, 517, 563, 721, John Jones, 'Tegid', Ch[rist] Ch[urch], Oxford (7, the last including a note to Henry Morrell) (his appointment to the precentorship, mention of a visit from Mr. Wifen [sic], the translator of Tasso, literary matters, he has requested a Miss Jones to take the addressee's likeness, Welsh orthography, a transcript of part of a letter from the Reverend Rowland Williams of Meivod, re acknowledging Miss Jones for her trouble, mention of their friend [B. R.] Perkins, the melancholy fate of J. H. Parry, introducing Mr. Manse], a student of Christ Church, the living of Dolgelley, the writer is to succeed to the mastership of Ch[rist] Ch[urch] School); (continued)

pp. 7, 19, 37, Owen Jones, Myvyr, London, 1810 (3) (financial matters, mention of Tyddyn Tudur); p. 175, R. Humphreys Jones, Ruthin (1) ( sending the rules of the Ruthin Welsh Literary Society) (enclosure wanting ); pp. 67, 89, 167, 233, 297, 593, 603, Tho[mas] Jones, ['Y Bardd Cloff'], Long Acre (7) (invitations, mention of poetical compositions); p. 319, Mr . [ ] Landseer, n.d. (1) (a request for facts, chiefly dates, concerning the late Mr. [William] Sharp, engraver, for a biographical memoir for the European Magazine); p. 733, Mr. and Mrs. Lawledge, Pentonville (1) (an invitation); pp. 485, 607, William Leathart, [London] (2) (requesting a Welsh translation of an announcement concerning 'Society of Undeb Cymry', with William Owen Pughe's translation, the writer's intention to publish a collection of 'Pennillion' [sic]); pp. 245, 275, 431, John Lloyd, Brompton and Knightsbridge, probably one and the same person, (3) (repaying an old debt, his circumstances, mention of a connection with Plas Llandyfrydog, Anglesey, acknowledging a gift of books, a request concerning testimonials, reference to the death of [David] Davies, Macclesfield Street, Soho); p. 675, Angharad Llwyd, Caerwys (1) (rejoicing at the appointment of the addressee's son, an invitation to the addressee); pp. 79, 645, R[ichard] Llwyd, Caer Lleon (Chester) (2) (Angharad Llwyd's anxiety about her essay, two events produced by the death of [J. H.] Parry, Branwen's urn); p. 507, W. Marchant [printer, London] (1) (anxiety about the Transactions (of the Cymmrodorion); p. 617, R. J. Maurice, Greenwich (1) (the safe arrival of the writer's mother and family from Wales); pp. 3, 33, Samuel R. Meyrick, Chelsea, 1809-1810 (2) (queries, mention of a Nennius manuscript in the Heralds College, the vexation caused by the excess of typographical error in the History of Cardiganshire, the spiteful behaviour of [Evan] Williams the stationer in the Strand); pp. 59, 293, 367, R[ichard] Newcome, Ruthin (3) (requesting copies of poems on Dr. Gabriel Goodman); p. 127, Geo. Nightingale, London (1) (requesting information about Col[one]l Wm Tooke Harwood); pp. 15, 39, 43, 47, T[homas] H[inton] B[urley] Oldfield, [London], 1809-1810 (4) (entreating a continuation of the addressee's assistance in the work he is preparing for the press and thanking him for his valuable communications); pp. 267, 577, The Princess Olive of Cumberland (2) (she wishes to see the addressee); pp. 91, 141, 161, 269, 283, 289, 305, 315, 331, 371, 421, 491, 538, 637, 741, Aneurin Owen (son), Nantglyn, etc (15) (an account of a journey from London, crops, financial matters, the recovery of the boat on Llyn Cau near Talyllyn, the finding of a gold torque in a turbary at the foot of Cader Idris by the son of the rector of Dolgellau while shooting, replying to an enquiry about Hughes the wood engraver's book [cf. letter from H[ugh] Hughes, p. 383], mention of a magic lantern, an air ('Llwyd y gwrych'), reference to Capt. Tuck and to the addressee's unfortunate affair, visits to Nannau and Bodtalog and to see Mr. Jeffreys of Glan dyvi' s house, estate matters, Mr. Humphreys Parry's application to Col. Vaughan for permission to examine the library at Hengwrt, the death of J. Humph[r] ies Parry, hoping the addressee will not neglect to apply for Parry's post for himself or for the writer, asking about Joanna's mission (after the death of Jane Townley), mention of [Robert] Roberts, Caergybi (Holyhead), Elen and Fenton, Evan William, a noted [Merioneth] penillion singer, etc.); Isabella Owen, see under Isabella Owen Pughe; pp. 265, 481, 533, Owen Owen (brother), London (3) (invitations, mention of Mr. (?)Donthovon); p. 509, Anna Maria Parry, [London] (1) (the death of her brother John [i.e. J. H. Parry]); pp. 209, 237, 343, John Parry, 26 Oxford St. [London] (3) (re the late Edward Jones's books and manuscripts, with a note to Parry from [Samuel] Sotheby, the Cymmrodorion); pp. 71, 205, 213, 225, 253, 279, 429, 455, John H[umffreys] Parry, [London] (8) (matters in connection with the Cymmrodorion, including the Transactions, reference to having to accompany Mrs. Parry into the country (Llanvyllin) on account of her father's serious illness); pp. 95, 137, 375, Benjamin] R. Perkins, Oxford and [London] (3) (queries in connection with Antoninus's Itinerary); pp. 257, 259, S[iôn] W[iliam] Prisiart, Plasybrain (2) (the addressee's letter to him has miscarried, wishing him well in his intention to publish a new (shortened) edition of the Dictionary, the new order at Plasgwyn, developments in Anglesey, entreating a letter); (continued)

pp. 73, 131, 157, 327, 351, 409, 439, 447, 559, William Probert, Walmsley Chapel (9) (mention of his work [The Ancient Laws of Cambria], references to Robert Dunn and others, an invitation, why he used the terms Cambrian and Cambria, questions about the bardic alphabet, criticizing Telyn Dewi, requesting information about the prize medal awarded to him at the annual meeting of the Cymmrodorion in London for the best essay on Welsh pedigrees, how he attended the Powys Eisteddfod [September, 1824] on the first day, [J. H.] Parry's death, he is delighted to find that Mr. Hughes has cast a fount of bardic types, commending the decision of the Cymmrodorion to engrave the addressee's 'ardeb'); pp. 119, 413, 443, 525, 529, 539, 551, 613 (Postscript on 611), 631, 653, 658 (ending on 681), 659, 677, 691, 697, Edward Protheroe, Gaddesden and London, etc. (15) (his wish to see the addressee, mention of Welsh genealogical manuscripts, Mr. Murray and the addressee's translation of the Mabinogion, Mr. Rees's answer, criticism of the drawings); pp. 93, 287, 423, 492, 744, Isabella Owen Pughe (daughter) (5) (family matters, etc., celebrations and a fatality in Denbigh); p. 727, [William Owen Pughe ], Tan y Gyrt (1, draft reply to Archdeacon Thomas Beynon); p. 451, Richard Rees, 14 Percy Street [London] (1) (asking him to vote for Henry Woollcombe at the next meeting of the Antiquarian Society); pp. 543, 627, W. J. Rees, Cascob nr. Presteign [sic] (2) (the appeal following the death of [J. H. Parry], re safeguarding the papers probably left by him, he understands that Edward Jones's books fetched high prices, the writer's transcript of a treatise on the Lordships Marchers of Wales, mention of [John] Jenkins of Kerry); p. 425, J[ohn?] Roberts, Limehouse (1) (they are building a vessel to be called 'Carnbre Castle' and would like a figure of a Druid for the head [i.e. figure-head]); pp. 457, 547, Rob[ert] Roberts, Caergybi (2) (two requests, one for a certificate or a petition for Judith Williams, widow of the Reverend William Williams, curate of Llanelian, Anglesey, the other for specimens of paper from two (London) firms, he has a press ready to begin work on 1 May [1824], sending an almanac and also Eurgrawn Mon together with a packet for Dr. Fry); p. 29, Robt. Roy, Fulham, 1810 (1) (acknowledging receipt of a letter and a draft for £50, the addressee's nephew, Master Phillips, continues with him); pp. 403, 417, Robt. Roy Junr., Fulham (2) (acknowledging for his father the receipt of two, (5 notes); p. 55, H. V. Salusbury, Offley, Hitchin (1) (his utter ignorance of Sanscrit prevents his being of any assistance to the addressee in his philological enquiries, interest in Welsh, mention of a little essay); p. 363, Edward Scott [London] (1) (a lady [? Eliza Jones] has promised to catch the addressee); p. 581, G. Smith, for Mr. Marchant, Ingram Court [London] (1) (sending a list (enclosure wanting) showing the deficiencies of the fount of long primer cast to the addressee's order by Mr. Hughes); p. 344, Mr. [Samuel] Sotheby, 3 Wellington Street, Strand (1, to John Parry) (requesting Mr. Parry to catalogue the late bard [Edward] Jones's Welsh manuscripts on poetry, &c.); pp. 321, 355, Willm. Tassie, [London] (2) (a request for some good Welsh mottoes and devices for seals, mention of Mr. Goodman Roberts); p. 729, William Thomson, Shoreditch (1) (offering to accommodate some books for the addressee); p. 99, Jane Townley (1, addressed to Mr. Page, Westburn Green, Paddington) (she has just learnt that Mr. Troup will dine there the following day, requesting the addressee to come in the morning); p. 737, Rd. Greaves Townley (1) (acknowledging receipt of the pictures of Mr. Greaves formerly in the possession of the writer's late aunt, Jane Townley, mention of a drawing of Dr. Glyn); pp. 25, 185, 229, 405, 459, C. T[uck?] (5) (mention of having seen the addressee's mother and of hearing from her of the death of Miss Sampson [1810], re making enquiries in a dog shop, Mrs. Tuck's disorder, the writer owes nearly £12 to Mary); pp. 135, 201, 217, 221, 263, 307, 311, 323, 359, 393, 555, 599, 635, 703, 705, 717, John Tuck, Kennington Cross, etc. (16) replying to a query about John Wilks [sic], enclosing [a dream of Mary Batchelor's, see p. 241], the writer's dog 'Dash', his sister, Mary, mention of [Jane] Townley, Trupe, an interview with a Mr. Jones, etc.); p. 197, H[annah?] Walters, [London] (1) (it had been Col. Hughes's intention to call on the addressee concerning H. W.'s intended publication, a message from him); p. 153, Elizabeth William, Ruthin (1) (she has sent poultry and mutton, her wish to know at what price she could obtain a good pianoforte for the use of her daughters); p. 51, Edwd. Williams, grocer, Denbigh, 1810 (1) (arrangements in connection with the funeral of the writer's father-in-law [? Thomas Edwards, 'Twm o'r Nant']; pp. 53, 189, 471, 513, E[van] Williams, Strand, [London] (4, one dated 1810) (wishing to know what the addressee has done or means to do in the small dictionary, mention of their friend Roberts and of the Welsh School and the addressee's kinsman Phillips, the sale of Edward Jones's books, etc.); p. 435, Evan Williams, Vron Deg, Bangor (1) (acknowledging the gift of Coll Gwynfa, mention of his essay on the subject 'O Dduw y mae pob peth' [? under the pseudonym 'Idwal'], his family connections); pp. 243, 339, Fred. Lake Williams (2, one written from Pontelow Court near Newent, Gloucestershire) (asking the addressee to sign a fresh memorial to the Trustees of the British Museum, the former one having been spoiled, the work he is to do for Mr. E. Williams, his circumstances and state of health, imploring the addressee to see Mr. E. Williams and represent his situation to him); pp. 251, 377, Lewis Williams, Dolgelley (2) (re the addressee's crown rent acquittances); p. 567, Marg[are]t Williams, [Rotherhith[e] postmark] (1) (acknowledging his letter announcing the death of [Jane] Townley, she intends to return to Bideford); and p. 687, ?T. O. [ ] St. John, N[ew] B[runswick] (1) he does not know what to do next or how to act, the Governor cannot do anything for him, if he had a little money he might cultivate his farm, his obligation to [Jane] Townley for the £100).

Miscellanea

A composite volume, 1760-[c. 1764], containing miscellanea mostly in the hand of Evan Evans (Ieuan Fardd), including [?a copy of] a letter from Evan Evans, [1761x1766], written at the request of Robert Wynn of Garthewin, Llanfair Talhaiarn, giving a brief survey of Welsh poetry (ff. 3-4); extracts from Lewis Morris's notes on the battle of Argoed Llwyfein (ff. 5-6); 'Canu Urien', with a translation (ff. 7-12); a letter, 26 July 1760, from Will[ia]m Lloyd, Bangor, to [Evan] Evans, at Trefriw, containing a Latin poem (ff. 13-16); Welsh and English poetry, including one work by Evan Evans (ff. 50-78); and an account of a manuscript at Hengwrt (ff. 79-80).

Miscellanea,

A volume containing miscellaneous notes, transcripts, extracts, etc., by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents include pp. 1-6 (blank); 7-15 (blank, but pages headed 'Manuscript Documents English'); 16-33 (blank, but pages headed 'Institution of the Round Table or of Tir Iarll'); 34-8 (blank); 39-54, a transcript of 'A true Coppie of an antient memorable Treatise of Record touchinge the Progenie and Descent of the honorable Name and Family of the Herberts by Commission from Edw. IV, Ano. Dom. 1460', allegedly from a manuscript in the possession of J. Lloyd, Alltyrodyn, Cardiganshire (see William Coxe: An Historical Tour in Monmouthshire . . . (London, 1801), pp. 421-2), and notes on the Welsh bard Siôn Cent, including extracts from W. Coxe: op. cit. (each page headed 'Documents Miscellaneous'); 55-78, notes on the Welsh triads containing the reputed laws of Dyfnwal Moelmud (each page headed 'Moelmutian Triades Legislative'); 79-84, general observations on Welsh literature (including historical writings, works on grammar, etc.) headed 'Analogical observations on Welsh Literature made on Reading Denina's Revolutions of Literature' [? C. G. M. Denina: An Essay on the Revolutions of Literature, trans., London, 1771]; 85-6 (blank, ?intended for further notes on the subject matter of pp. 79- 84); 87-9, notes on traditions re the early settlers of the British Isles ( each page headed 'Original Traditions'); 90-101 (blank, headings as pp. 87- 9); 102-09 (blank, but pages headed 'Miscellaneous Anecdotes of Bards, &c .'); 110-74 (blank); 175, notes on two Welsh proverbs headed 'Proverbs, adages, etc., of Bardic origin'; 176-238 (blank); 239, notes on a 'very ancient' manuscript containing the text of 'ancient Welsh Laws antecedent to those of Howel the Good and chiefly the Laws of Dyfnwal Moelmud' once in the library at Hengwrt but subsequently lost, and extracts from a letter from [Humphrey] Humphreys, bishop of Bangor [1689-1701], to Mr. Vaughan [of Hengwrt] relating to the said manuscript (p. 239 and p. 240, which is blank, are headed 'Anecdotes Miscellaneous, Welsh and English'); 241-78 (blank).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Pedigrees, &c.

A volume in the hand of Evan Evans (Ieuan Fardd) containing pedigrees taken from the manuscripts of Robert Vaughan, Hengwrt (pp. 1-95); together with copies of the marginalia from the Book of St Chad in Lichfield Cathedral, being some of the earliest known examples of written Welsh (pp. 113-126); etc.

Vaughan, Robert, 1592-1667

Poetry, extracts, &c.

A manuscript, mainly in the hand of Evan Evans (Ieuan Fardd), with some parts apparently in other hands, containing an elegy to 'W. Vn o G. y Gedol ... a fy farw ... yn y flwyddyn 1775' by Evans (pp. 1-8), and other poetry by him (pp. 275-308), Thomas Jones (Twm Siôn Cati), Siôn Cent, Edmwnd Prys and others (pp. 1-12, 33-114, 205-218, 247-258, 275-310); extracts from the manuscripts of Robert Vaughan, Hengwrt (pp. 13-32, 119-126, 142-158) and John David Rhys (Siôn Dafydd Rhys) (pp. 139-141); notes relating to Lewis Morris (pp. 115-118); a copy of the charter of Clynnog Fawr (pp. 127-130) (see Monasticon Anglicanum, vol. V (London, 1825), p. 631); a description of the tombs in St David's Cathedral (pp. 131-138); a list of men who defended Harlech Castle against Edward IV (pp. 153-154); quotations illustrative of the use of the terms 'Brytwn', 'Brython', etc. (p. 155); the Officium B[eatæ] Mariæ 'wedi ei dynnu or Lladin yn Ghymraeg y gan Ddafydd Ddu o Hiraddug hyd y mae pawb yn tybied' (pp. 159-204), with notes originally by Dr John Davies, Mallwyd, whose copy Ieuan Fardd transcribed; a poem (1635) to Rolant Fychan, Caergai (pp. 205-206); an index to the Red Book of Hergest by Dr John Davies (1634) (pp. 220-238); copies of inscriptions in Llanfihangel-y-Traethau and Dymeirchion (Tremeirchion) (pp. 266, 274); copies of letters, with poems enclosed, from Ieuan Fardd to John Griffith of Cefn Amwlch (pp. 275-298) and to William Vaughan of Corsygedol (pp. 299-308); an anonymous letter to Robert Vaughan of Hengwrt (p. 309); etc.
There are notes signed 'J[ohn] Williams Plas y Brain' on pp. 94, 116, with the date '1793' added in pencil on p. 118.

Poetry, prose, letters and miscellanea,

A collection of papers, mainly in the hand of William Owen [-Pughe], containing original Welsh poetry, poetical translations, transcripts of medieval Welsh poetry and prose texts, autograph letters and miscellaneous notes, including: 1, 'Englynion i Mr. Aneiryn Owen ar ddydd ei enedigaeth 1808' by Rob[er]t Dafies, with a pencil sketch on the dorse; 2, 'Anerchiant i Deulu Egryn Calan Ionawr 1834' by R.D.; 3, translations by 'Dafydd Ddu o Eryri', [David Thomas], one dated 1790, entitled 'Sibli's Prophecy' and 'The Lover's Complaint'; 4, 'Awdyl Dydd y Varn, yn of Geiriau Ysbryd y Gwirionedd. Cyvieithiad Gan Idrison' [=William Owen- Pughe], dated 1808, and three 'englynion' by Tho[mas] Jones, Llynlleiviad, 1820; 5-7, 'Coroni Sior IV' by 'Idrison', 1820, (printed, three copies); 8- 9, a translation by 'Idrison', 1820, and a second copy set to music, of Alexander Pope's poem 'The Dying Christian to his Soul'; 10, a 'cywydd', 1821, entitled 'I Gyfieithydd Einioes Dyn', and five 'englynion' 'At y Parçedig J. W. Jencyn, Erbrwyad [sic] Ceri'; 11, 'Englynion Cofa [sic] am y Parç Evan Richards, [i.e. Evan Richardson] Gynt o Gaerynarvon yr hwn . . . a hunodd . . . Mawrth 29 1824', by 'Iago Triçrug', [James Hughes]; 12, translations by 'Idrison' of two poems by F[elicia] Hemans entitled 'A Dirge on the death of a child' and 'The Invocation'; 13, transcripts, 1826, of poems entitled 'The Memory of the Brave' and 'The Star of the Mine' by Felicia Hemans; 14, transcripts of poetry by Gwalchmai, Casnodyn, Owain Cyfeiliog and Llywarch Prydydd y Moch; 15, 'Llythyr Angen at yr hybarch Wyneddigion i ofyn Geiriadur dros Fardd Newynog', an 'awdl', 1826, sent by 'Dewi ap Huw Cynwyd' to Docr. Owain Pugh; 16, stanzas entitled 'Can i Hav'; 17, a stanza with variations by 'Gwylim [sic] ab Owen', dated 1782, 'A'r Bardd a safodd ar y tywyn . . .'; 18, 'Awdl y Raglawiaeth', (?incomplete); 19-21, poems transcribed from 'Llyfr Taliesin' and 'Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin' in 1819 and 1834; 22, 'Arymes Prydain', with translation and notes, (incomplete); 23, transcripts, dated 1825, of parts of the tales of 'Peredur' and 'Siarlymaen' copied from [Peniarth MS 7]; 24, text and parallel English translation of 'Cymdeithas Amlyn ac Amic', dated 1831; 25, transcript of ['Imago Mundi'] beginning 'Y [ sic] Asia y mae paradwys. . .' and ending '. . . y mvc hvnnv aesgyn or dvfyr', and a Welsh chronology text from Adam to the year 1318; 26, transcript of part of the tale of 'Culhwch ac Olwen' beginning 'Cerdded á orugant hvy y dydd hvnv eduçer . . .' and ending '. . . Ac velly y cavas Culhvq Olwen, merç Yspyddadan Pencavr'; 27, a transcript, 1825, of Gruffudd Hiraethog's licence as 'Penkerdd', from [Peniarth MS 194]; (continued)

28-41, a group of letters: 28, William Probert, Walmsley Chapel, 1822, to William Owen Pughe in London (literary matters), 29, Wm. Owen Pughe at [?Egryn, Denbigh], 1826, to Capt. Tuck, North Brixton (a journal of their travels, including a visit to Hengwrt), 30, Rich. Llwyd, Chester, [1830], to Dr. Owen Pugh, Egryn, Denbigh (regarding a memorial to Owen Jones, 'Owain Myfyr'), 31, Richd. Llwyd, 1833, to Dr. Owen ab Huw (health matters and 'Myfyr' memorial), 32-33, S. Prideaux Tregelles, Neath Abbey, 1833, to Aneurin Owen at Egryn (2) (concerning various chronicles), 34, J. C. Williams and Thos. Hughes, Aldermen, Denbigh, 1834, to Aneurin Owen at Egryn (invitation to a public dinner in honour of his father, cf. item 45), 35, Wm- Owen Pughe, 1834, to Aneurin [Owen] (financial and family matters), 36- 38, Wm. Blamire, Tithe Office, London, 1843, to [Aneurin] Owen (3) (re Enclosure Bill), 39, [Lord] Worsley, London, 1843, to Aneurin Owen, Egryn (an agrarian query), 40, draft reply, 1843, from [Aneurin Owen] to [Lord Worsley], 41, R. Llwyd, [Chester], [n.d.], to Dr. W. Owen Pugh, Egryn (concerning a memorial to 'Owain Myfyr'); 42, an essay entitled 'Y Cyvnewidiadau a ddygwyd asant yn yr iaith gymraeg er dyddiau Taliesin; a'r achosion ei bod wedi cadw yn ei phurdeb dros gyniver o oesoedd', by 'Pryderi'; 43, lists of poems in 'Llyfr Taliesin' and 'Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin', together with a list of 165 MSS in the Vaughan [Hengwrt] library; 44, a printed letter, 1818, from Thomas Roberts, Llwynrhudol, on behalf of 'Cymdeithas y Gwyneddigion' in London, to the parishioners of Llanbeblig, co. Caernarfon, commending their protest against the appointment of an Englishman to the incumbency; 45, printed announcement, 1834, of a public dinner to be held in honour of W. Owen Pughe, D.C.L.; 46, notes, 1806, recording a visit to Llyn Llymbren, etc., with two sketches; 47, notes of a visit to Penmynydd, co. Anglesey; 48, chronicle of events, 720-872 A.D.; 49, particulars of the altitude of mountains in England and Wales copied from a survey made by Col. [William] Mudge; 50, a drawing of a 'Golden Lorica found at Mold'; 51-52, Welsh versions, one incomplete, of Chapter 1 of the Gospel according to John, by [William Owen-Pughe], dated 1832; 53, translations of poems and extracts, including 'Preiddeu Annwn' and part of 'Y Gododdin', and notes on 'The Manner in which Arthur is spoken of by the Bards. . .'; 54, a note on 'Dalriada' from [George Chalmers], Caledonia, I, (London, 1807); 55, extracts from [James] Grant, Thoughts on the origin and descent of the Gael . . . (Edinburgh, 1814), notes on bee-keeping, and the dimensions of the Rotheram Plough; 56, a broadside entitled 'At y Cymry', being an appeal by 'Y Cymro' to his fellow-countrymen to resist the menace of France; 57, a royal proclamation commanding economy in the use of grain, 1800, (printed); 58-59, two versions of 'O, nid i ni, ein Ior . . .'; 60, stanzas beginning 'Digona y daioni . . .'; 61, Rheolau . . . Cymdeithas Gyfeillgar Nantglyn (Dinbych, 1834); 62, attested copy, 1829, of a terrier of the glebe lands and tithes of the parish church of Nantglyn, co. Denbigh, dated 1791; 63, 'Amry govion Hydr. 24, 1823', containing an incomplete religious tract headed 'Y Gwir yn erbyn y byd', being a translation by 'Idrison' dated 1821, expository notes on the Book of Genesis, an incomplete draft letter to the editor of The Political R[egister], as well as notes relating to the science of obi or witchcraft; 64, 'Amrywion', containing 'Ateb i Wrthwynebiadau i'r galwad hwn. II Lyvyr o Weledigaethau, Tam. III. T.D. 64 .'; and 65, notes, 1826, relating to medieval romances.

William Owen-Pughe.

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