Fonds GB 0210 LLANLLYR - Llanllyr Estate Records,

Identity area

Reference code



Llanllyr Estate Records,


  • 1631-1861. (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

0.058 cubic metres (2 boxes).

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Llanllyr in the parish of Llanfihangel Ystrad, Cardiganshire, was originally a convent for Cistercian nuns, and a cell of the Cistercian abbey of Strata Florida. After dissolution the convent was leased in 1537 by the Crown for 21 years to Gruffydd ap Henry ap Ieuan of Glyn Aeron. Siwan, Gruffydd's daughter and coheir, married Hugh Llewelyn Lloyd, the third son of Llewelyn Lloyd of Castell Howell. The Llanllyr estate remained in the Lloyd family until the death of William Lloyd in 1688.

William Lloyd had mortgaged the estate for £800 to William Sumner of Great Pelicott, Buckinghamshire, and when he died, Sumner foreclosed, and installed his son, Henry Sumner and a bailiff at Llanllyr. Bridget Lloyd, William Lloyd's widow, claiming dowry, came back with a crowd of friends stormed the house and proceeded to pull it down until Sumner fled in terror. In 1696 the house was described as decayed and in the hands of Sumner's tenant. In 1720 Henry Sumner sold Llanllyr to John Lewes (1680-1742), a Carmarthen merchant, the eldest son of David Lewes, the second son of Rev. John Lewes (1616-63) of Llysnewydd. On the death of his cousin, John Lewes inherited the ancestral estate of Llysnewydd in the parish of Llangeler, Carmarthenshire. John's third son, John Lewes (1793-1860), a captain of the 23rd Light Dragoons, was given Llanllyr on his marriage to Mary Anne (1802-42), daughter of John Vaughan Lloyd of Brynog, and went to live there. His son, John Lewes (1829-1900), married in 1858 with Mary Jane, daughter of Rev. C. Griffith of Llwyndrwys, and used her money to buy his father's interest in Llanllyr. Llanllyr house was demolished and rebuilt under Colonel John Lewes. He was succeeded by his son John Lewes (1860-1931), who married in 1890 with Louisa Hext from Cornwall.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Deposited by J. Hext Lewes of Llanllyr in 1958

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Deeds and documents, 1631-1861, relating to the Llanllyr estate in Cardiganshire, Carmarthen, and Llangynog and Merthyr in Carmarthenshire, together with a toll book, 1796-1833, of Talsarn fairs.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Action: All records deposited at NLW have been retained..


Accruals are not expected.

System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply.

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes


Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Hard copies of the catalogue are available at NLW and HMC.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Further papers relating to the Lewes families of Llanllyr and Llysnewydd are NLW, Llysnewydd Estate Records; NLW, Llanaeron 141, being papers, 1888-1921, concerning the case of Lewes v. Busk, including biographical details, 1786-1919, of the Lewis, Lewes and Boultbee families; and Carmarthenshire Archive Service, Llysnewydd and Llanllyr Estate Records.

Related descriptions

Notes area


Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number


GEAC system control number


Access points

Subject access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

November 2001.


  • English



Archivist's note

Compiled by Stephen Benham.

Archivist's note

The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Lewes, J. Hext, 'Llanllyr, 1180-1980', Ceredigion, vol. vi (1971); Jones, Francis, Historic Cardiganshire Homes and their families (Newport, 2000);

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Physical storage

  • Text: Llanllyr Estate Records.