File Peniarth MS 134 [RESTRICTED ACCESS]. - Llyfr Mawr Gruffudd Hiraethog,

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Llyfr Mawr Gruffudd Hiraethog,


  • [c. 1550 x 1564] (Creation)

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Extent and medium

243 ff. (4 fols unnumbered + f. i + pp. 1-476) ; 203 x 146 mm.

Bound in half-leather, [19 cent.].

Context area

Name of creator

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Name of creator

Name of creator

Biographical history

Archival history

There are additions in the hand of Wiliam Llŷn (e.g. pp. 465-7), Rhys Cain (e.g. pp. 39-40, 128-9), and Robert Vaughan (e.g. pp. 383, 446, 469-72). John Owenes, [16-17 cent.], wrote his name on p. 426. On pp. 474 and 476 is a short personal name index in a hand of [17 cent.]. Listed by Vaughan in his Cat. A s.n. ‘Y.2.4.3’. Notes on the manuscript, [19 cent.], are on unnumbered folios and f. i.

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Content and structure area

Scope and content

An informal collection of pedigrees in both narrative and tabular form in the variable hand of Gruffudd Hiraethog. Compiled between 1550 (pp. 216, 303) and 1558 (pp. 151, 379, 447, 453) with later additions. Apart from pp. 405-19, the pedigrees are almost all north Welsh. On p. 2, in the hand of Robert Vaughan, ‘Y llyvr mawr y mae Gr Hiraethog yn galw hwnn’ [of which Peniarth MS 133 also formed a part, see P.C. Bartrum, ‘Notes on the Welsh genealogical manuscripts’, Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, 1976, 106]. For Gruffudd’s named sources, see P.C. Bartrum, ‘Genealogical sources quoted by Gruffudd Hiraethog’, National Library of Wales Journal, 26 (1989-90), 1-9.
On pp. 99-106 and 305-8 are short Welsh armorials in blazon in Welsh, the former, of south Wales bias, drawn in part from ‘llyfr Lewys y Glyn’ [Lewys Glyn Cothi] (pp. 100, 107). On pp. 3-38 is an index in the hand of Wiliam Llŷn, whose foliation 1-248, with irregularities, is on pp. 41-463. Traces of several disrupted earlier foliations survive. Collaborating hands are Simwnt Fychan (pp. 45-6, 49-53, 79, 91, 393-5, and on p. 382 an autograph englyn, and on p. 426 his signature and a calligraphic alphabet), Huws’ X179 (pp. 157-66, 169-70, 171, 327) and Richard Longford (p. 345). There appear to be five collaborating hands, some of them resembling that of Gruffudd Hiraethog: A (fols 107-15); B (p. 167); C (pp. 381-2, once a folded sheet, containing annals and englynion); D (pp. 383-91 and 429-30, the latter leaf is displaced, containing text which came, as Robert Vaughan notes on p. 383, ‘allan or llyfr gwyn o Hergest’ [printed in National Library of Wales Journal, 17 (1971-2), 238-48]); E (pp. 457-62). E, under the heading ‘Swyddinbych Kwmwd Issaled’, transcribes the pedigree of ‘Mayster Robert ap Res ap Meredyth’ [died 1534, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, s.n. Ellis Price], citing ‘iache … o waith Tudyr [A]led a Robertt Iachwr [Robert ab Ieuan ap Hywel]’; the damaged colophon on p. 462 (probably copied with the text) names the scribe ‘[ ... ]s ap Robert ysgolhaic’ and mentions his wish that the book be preserved at ‘blas Mayster Doctor [ ... ]’.

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Conditions governing access

Access to the original manuscript by authorised permission only. Readers are directed to use surrogate copies.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply.

Language of material

  • Welsh

Script of material

Language and script notes


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Finding aids

A detailed list of the manuscript's contents may be found in J. Gwenogvryn Evans, Report on Manuscripts in the Welsh Language, vol. I (London, 1898-1905), 834-847.

Description based on Daniel Huws, A Repertory of Manuscripts and Scribes c.800-c.1800 (Aberystwyth, 2022), I, 393-4.

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Existence and location of copies

Digital version available (November 2023)

Available on microfilm at the Library.

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Formerly Hengwrt MS 107.


Preferred citation: Peniarth MS 134 [RESTRICTED ACCESS].


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Institution identifier

Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = The National Library of Wales

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Dates of creation revision deletion

October 2023.




Archivist's note

Description revised by Maredudd ap Huw.

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  • Microform: $h - MEICRO PENIARTH MS 134.
  • Text: Peniarth MS 134 [RESTRICTED ACCESS]; $z - Access to the original manuscript by authorised permission only. Readers are directed to use surrogate copies..