File NLW MS 253A - Llyfr Plygain, pregethau ac englynion

Identity area

Reference code



Llyfr Plygain, pregethau ac englynion


  • 1618-1622 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

472 + 42 pp. (pages between pp. 390-91 and between pp. 353-366 have been excised; first eleven pages blank, excepting a few odd notes of no interest) : Vellum (pp. 13-24, 31-2, 45-84, 317-328) ; 85 x 70 mm.

Vellum, with brass clasps, one of which has been torn away.

Context area

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Biographical history

Archival history

Formerly in the collection of Egerton Grenville Bagot Phillimore; many different names have been written, passim, in the manuscript.

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Content and structure area

Scope and content

An extremely interesting manuscript - probably the smallest Welsh manuscript in existence, though it is 1.5 inches thick - which was written by Thomas Evans, Hendreforfudd, 1618-1622, and consists mostly of prayers and englynion.
Bound up between pp. 12 and 13 is a copy of an early edition of the Llyfr Plygain or Primer, dated 1618 and containing 42 pp. but imperfect as it contains none of the prayers, litany or psalms. This is probably the volume referred to by Gweirydd ap Rhys in Hanes Llenyddiaeth Gymreig, pp. 402-3; it is not mentioned in Angharad Llwyd's Catalogue of the Pengwern MSS (Transactions Cymmrodorion, 1828, p. 50).

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Item: 1.1 Manuscript Volume (NLW MS 253A). Action: Condition reviewed. Action identifier: 4287275. Date: 20040302. Authorization: Selected for conservation. Authorizing institution: NLW. Action agent: J. Thomas. Status: Manuscript Volume (NLW MS 253A) : Clasps and board edges damaged, covering contracted, part of front pastedown missing, one tipped in gathering loose, covering materials loose. Institution: WlAbNL.

Item: 1.2 Manuscript Volume (NLW MS 253A). Action: Conserved. Action identifier: 4287275. Date: 20041209. Authorizing institution: NLW. Action agent: D. Williams. Status: Manuscript Volume (NLW MS 253A) : Repaired damaged pages, reattached loose pages. Institution: WlAbNL.


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Language of material

  • Welsh

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Finding aids

Daniel Huws, A Repertory of Welsh Manuscripts and Scribes c. 800-c. 1800, 3 vols (Aberystwyth, 2022), I, 119.

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Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

For photocopies of pp. 14-79, 82-117, 120-219, 222-223 see NLW Facs 1098.

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Notes area


Creator ref. no.: Williams MS 455


Preferred citation: NLW MS 253A


Title based on contents.

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Physical storage

  • Text: NLW MS 253A.