File NLW MS 253A - Llyfr Plygain

Identity area

Reference code



Llyfr Plygain


  • 1618, c. 1621 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

472 + 42 pp.; pages between pp. 390-91 and between pp. 353-366 have been excised; first eleven pages blank, excepting a few odd notes of no interest Vellum (pp. 13-24, 31-2, 45-84, 317-328) 85 x 70 mm. Vellum, with brass clasps, one of which has been torn away

Context area

Archival history

Formerly in the collection of Egerton Grenville Bagot Phillimore; many different names have been written, passim, in the manuscript

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Scope and content

An extremely interesting manuscript - probably the smallest Welsh manuscript in existence, though it is 1.5 inches thick - was written by Thomas Evans, c. 1621. Bound up between pp. 12 and 13 is a copy of the earliest known edition of the Llyfr Plygain or Primer, dated 1618 and containing 42 pp. but imperfect as it contains none of the prayers, litany or psalms. This is probably the book referred to by Gweirydd ap Rhys in Hanes Llenyddiaeth Cymru, pp. 402-3; it is not mentioned in Angharad Llwyd's Catalogue of the Pengwern MSS (Transactions Cymmrodorion, 1828, p. 50).

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Item: 1.1 Manuscript Volume (NLW MS 253A). Action: Condition reviewed. Action identifier: 4287275. Date: 20040302. Authorization: Selected for conservation. Authorizing institution: NLW. Action agent: J. Thomas. Status: Manuscript Volume (NLW MS 253A) : Clasps and board edges damaged, covering contracted, part of front pastedown missing, one tipped in gathering loose, covering materials loose. Institution: WlAbNL.

Item: 1.2 Manuscript Volume (NLW MS 253A). Action: Conserved. Action identifier: 4287275. Date: 20041209. Authorizing institution: NLW. Action agent: D. Williams. Status: Manuscript Volume (NLW MS 253A) : Repaired damaged pages, reattached loose pages. Institution: WlAbNL.


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  • Welsh

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Creator ref. no.: Williams MS 455


Preferred citation: NLW MS 253A

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  • Text: NLW MS 253A.