File Peniarth MS 156 [RESTRICTED ACCESS]. - South-west Wales pedigrees,

Identity area

Reference code



South-west Wales pedigrees,


  • [mid-18 cent.] (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

116 ff. (ff. i-xx, 1-96) ; 192 x 151 to 204 x 162 mm. Diced russia of [18-19 cent.], rebacked.

Context area

Archival history

Tipped in at the beginning are 20 leaves (ff. i-xx) with notes mainly in the hand of Richard Fenton, but also by Thomas Tucker of Sealyham (in a letter dated 1800), Edward Protheroe and W.W.E. Wynne of Peniarth. Folios 74-96 also contain later annotation, mostly in Fenton’s hand. The Fenton book-plate is inside the upper cover, the signature of W.W.E. Wynne added to it. Fenton’s son Samuel had sold the manuscript to Wynne in 1827 [Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, 1948, 465]. The manuscript was copied by Joseph Morris in 1830 in Wynnstay MS 141.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Pedigrees for the three south-west Welsh counties derived from the early version of The British Geneologist of David Edwardes of Rhyd-y-gors. ‘The Pedigree of the Gentry in Cardigan shire’ (ff. 1-21 verso, original pagination 1-40, f. 16 is an insertion); Carmarthenshire (ff. 22-52 verso, original pagination 1-62); Pembrokeshire (ff. 53-73, original pagination 1-40, ff. 53-4 are misbound). The immediate source appears to be NLW MS 14214, including the earliest additions to that manuscript but not those by the second hand; and placing Cardiganshire before Carmarthenshire.
The pedigrees are printed from this manuscript in West Wales Historical Records, vols 1-2, where it is asserted (in vol. 1, p. [2]) that the scribe is ‘the same person’ as the one who wrote the Golden Grove Book. The hand is indeed similar to that of the amanuensis of Evan Evans of Carmarthen [died 1773], compiler of the Golden Grove Book, but some features of the script consistently differ.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Access to the original manuscript by authorised permission only. Readers are directed to use surrogate copies.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply.

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes


Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

A detailed list of the manuscript's contents may be found in J. Gwenogvryn Evans, Report on Manuscripts in the Welsh Language, vol. I (London, 1898-1905), 941-942.

Description based on Daniel Huws, A Repertory of Manuscripts and Scribes c.800-c.1800 (Aberystwyth, 2022), I, 401-402.

Generated finding aid

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Available on microfilm at the Library.

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Related descriptions

Notes area


Formerly Ancient Peniarth MS 23.


Preferred citation: Peniarth MS 156 [RESTRICTED ACCESS].


Title based on contents.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number


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Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru = The National Library of Wales

Rules and/or conventions used


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

October 2023.




Archivist's note

Description revised by Maredudd ap Huw.

Accession area

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Physical storage

  • Microform: $h - MEICRO PENIARTH MS 156.
  • Text: Peniarth MS 156 [RESTRICTED ACCESS]; $z - Access to the original manuscript by authorised permission only. Readers are directed to use surrogate copies..