Fonds GB 0210 PLYMOUTH - Plymouth Estate Records,

Identity area

Reference code



Plymouth Estate Records,


  • 1301-1844 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

0.551 cubic metres (20 boxes, 1 bundle)

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Elizabeth Lewis (d. 1733) of Van, St Fagans, and Soberton, Hampshire, the sole heiress of Thomas Lewis of Van, married Other Windsor (1707-32), 3rd earl of Plymouth (second creation). At the time of Thomas Lewis's death in 1736, the estate was so encumbered with debts that the interest exceeded the rental, and three private Acts of Parliament were obtained to sell the estate. The estate was in fact purchased by the trustees of Elizabeth Lewis's marriage settlement for £47,000. St Fagans castle became the Glamorgan seat of the Windsor family.

Other and Elizabeth's only son and heir, Other Lewis Windsor, 4th earl (1731-71) was succeeded by his son Other Hickman, 5th earl (1751-1799), who was succeeded by his only son and heir, Other Archer Windsor, 6th earl (1789-1833, dsp.), on whose death the barony of Windsor de Stanwell fell into abeyance. The Rev. Andrews Windsor (1754-1837, dsp.) succeeded as 7th earl, being a younger brother of the 4th earl, and he was succeeded by his brother Henry Windsor, 8th earl (1768-1843, dsp.)on whose death the earldom became extinct.

In 1855 the abeyance of the barony of Windsor was terminated in favour of Harriet Clive (1797-1869), one of the sisters of the 6th earl, who had married in 1819 with Robert Henry Clive, MP, 2nd son of the 1st earl of Powys. She assumed the additional surname Windsor in 1855. Her son and heir apparent Robert Windsor-Clive, MP, dying before her, Harriet was succeeded by her grandson Robert George Windsor-Clive (1857-1923), who was created Viscount Windsor of St Fagans and Earl of Plymouth (third creation) in 1905. He was succeeded by Ivor Miles Windsor-Clive, 2nd earl (1889-1943), who was succeeded by his son Other Robert Ivor Windsor-Clive, 3rd earl (b. 1923). The family also acquired the Alrhey estate in Flintshire through marriage with the Ellis family in the 18th century.

According to the 1873 return of owners of land, Lord Windsor owned an estimated 15,383 acres in Wales (all in Glamorgan and Flintshire), with an estimated annual rental of £39,069.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Deposited by the Earl of Plymouth in September 1934.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Records of the Welsh estates of the earls of Plymouth, 1301-1844; the two most notable groups relate to the family's Alrhey estate, Flintshire, and the Van, Glamorgan, both representing estates acquired through marriage in the 18th century, including deeds, 1301-1844; and manorial records, 15th cent.-1646, including court rolls of the manors of Magor and Undy in Monmouthshire, 1586-1603. The archive contains practically no personal or family papers.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Action: All records deposited at NLW have been retained..


Accruals are not expected.

System of arrangement

Arranged chronologically.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply.

Language of material

  • English
  • Latin

Script of material

Language and script notes

English, Latin.

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed online from The National Archives Manorial Documents Register.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Further papers relating to the Earl of Plymouth's estates in Wales are Glamorgan Record Office, DPL; National Library of Wales, Bute Estate Records; and Worcestershire Record Office, County Hall Branch, 705:128, 705:263, 705:54.

Related descriptions

Publication note

Davies, John, Cardiff and the Marquesses of Bute (Cardiff, 1981).

Notes area


Title supplied from contents of fonds.

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number


GEAC system control number


Access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH


Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

June 2002.


  • English



Archivist's note

Compiled by Mair James and Stephen Benham.

Archivist's note

The following source was used in the compilation of this description: Principal family and estate collections L-W, (London, 1999), Davies, John, Cardiff and the Marquesses of Bute (Cardiff, 1981), NLW, Schedule of Bute Estate Records;

Accession area