Fonds GB 0210 STPIERRE - St Pierre Documents

Identity area

Reference code

GB 0210 STPIERRE

Title

St Pierre Documents

Date(s)

  • [c. 1300-1330], 1395-1769 (Creation)

Level of description

Fonds

Extent and medium

130 items

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

The Lewis family had its seat at St Pierre, Monmouthshire, from [c.1400] until they moved to Moynes Court in the same county in 1893.

The (probably Welsh rather than Norman) family of St Pierre is known for the period 1245-1580, mainly for their North Wales and Cheshire interests, including holding the barony of Malpas in 1317. William de St Pierre and Sibil his wife can be definitely connected with St Pierre in Monmouthshire in 1340. After their deaths and the failure of the family, St Pierre was adjudged in 1395 to be the property of Robert ap Ieuan ap David, in right of his wife.

What became of Robert is unknown, but shortly afterwards St Pierre was held by Sir David ap Philip (fl. 1387-1423), which Philip was the younger son of Llywelyn ap Ifor of St. Clears, Carmarthenshire, by Angharad, daughter and heir of Sir Morgan ap Maredydd of Tredegar, Monmouthshire. William Lewis (fl. 1487) was the first to adopt Lewis as a permanent surname, and was succeeded by his son George Lewis (d. 1508). His son, Henry Lewis (d. 1569-1571) enhanced his estate by marrying Bridget, daughter and heir of Thomas Kemeys of Caldicot, and widow of Thomas Herbert, by whom he had the manor of Shirehampton in the parish of Westbury on Trym, Gloucestershire.

The Lewis family also acquired the 1400 acres of the Abbey Dore estate, Herefordshire, when Captain Thomas Freke Lewis inherited the estate following the death of John Higham (formerly John Parsons) sometime between 1847 and 1852. He appears to have been succeeded by his sister, Mary Fanny Susanna (d. 1927), who in 1864 had married Francis Thomas Egerton Protheroe (d. 1917) of Malpas, Monmouthshire. Their heir appears to have been Air Commodore Freke William Wiseman-Clark. However, sometime after the death of Captain Thomas Freke Lewis without issue in 1908, his executors began to sell the estates. In 1925 the St Pierre mansion and deer park were sold to Daniel Lysaght.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Purchased by NLW from Sir Joseph A. Bradney on behalf of Miss Prothero, 4 July 1931.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Records of the Lewis family of St Pierre, Monmouthshire, comprising deeds, [c.1300]-1769, and court rolls, rent rolls, surveys and other documents, 1565-1683, relating to several manors in Monmouthshire and Gloucestershire, including St Pierre, Runston, Redwick, Sudbrook, Chepstow, Portskewet, Caldicot and Caerleon in Monmouthshire, and the manor of Beachley in Gloucestershire. Some of the documents are copies of earlier material.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Action: All records purchased by NLW have been retained apart from item no. 76 which was returned to Miss Protheroe at the request of Sir Joseph Bradney on 13 Nov. 1931..

Accruals

Accruals are not expected

System of arrangement

Arranged into two groups: deeds and other documents; and court rolls, rent rolls, surveys and other documents.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Readers consulting modern papers in the National Library of Wales are required to sign the 'Modern papers - data protection' form.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply

Language of material

  • English
  • Latin

Script of material

Language and script notes

English, Latin

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Further details relating to manorial records within the archive can be accessed online from The National Archives Manorial Documents Register.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Further deeds and family and estate papers, 14-20 cent., are Gwent Record Office, D501.

Related descriptions

Notes area

Note

Title supplied from contents of fonds

Alternative identifier(s)

Virtua system control number

vtls004250347

GEAC system control number

(WlAbNL)0000250347

Access points

Place access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2; and LCSH.

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

November 2001

Language(s)

  • English

Script(s)

Sources

Archivist's note

Compiled by Stephen Benham.

Archivist's note

The following source was used in the compilation of this record: Bradney, Sir Joseph, A history of Monmouthshire Cardiff, 1994 facsimile ed.), vol. 4, part 1.

Accession area

Related people and organizations

Related genres

Related places