Welsh language -- Dialects -- Wales -- Monmouthshire



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Welsh language -- Dialects -- Wales -- Monmouthshire

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Welsh language -- Dialects -- Wales -- Monmouthshire

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Welsh language -- Dialects -- Wales -- Monmouthshire

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  • NLW MS 23272C
  • File
  • 1835, 1866, 1929 /

A copy of Evan Griffiths, Esponiad ar y Bibl Sanctaidd ... Cyfrol IV (Abertawy, 1835) with leaves pasted to the stubs of leaves excised at the beginning of the volume, on which Wiliam Siôn (1874-1947), Cefn Cribwr, Tythegston, later of Cymer, Glyncorrwg, co. Glamorgan, has transcribed, 1929, Welsh poetry in strict metre from Cardiff MS 5.44, 'Llyfr Hir Llanharan' (written c. 1613, by Llywelyn Siôn), ff. 1-14 and compiled lists of the contents of the original manuscript (ff. iv, xix-xxxi verso), of the poets whose works it contains (ff. xi-xvi verso, xxxii-iv) and of the patrons to whom they sang (ff. v-x). Also included are a biographical note on Llywelyn Siôn (f. iii verso), and a brief account of 'Y Wentaeg', the Welsh dialect of Gwent, Morgannwg and part of Brycheiniog (f. lxxxi recto-verso).

Siôn, Wiliam, 1874-1947


A composite volume (pp. 1-332; one hundred and sixty-two pages blank) containing miscellaneous notes, lists, extracts, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents include pp. 13-15, extracts from the manuscript copies of 'Liber Landavensis' in the 'Library of Mr. Davies of Llannerch' [now NLW MS 17110E] and 'in Coll. Jesu, Oxon.' [Jesus College MS 20], including transcripts of the Welsh version of the privilegium of St. Teilo; 21-5, 29-36, extracts from the English version of [William] Camden['s Britannia] relating to the language of the Gauls, with additional notes by Edward Williams himself (see Edmund Gibson (ed.): Britannia . . ., 2nd ed. (London, 1722), Vol. I, cols. xxii-xxix); 69-76, comments on William Owen [Pughe]'s letter on the Welsh language and the Gwentian dialect published in [William] Coxe: [An Historical Tour in] Monmouthshire . . . [(London, 1801), part II, pp. 405-10]; 87-98, historical notes on Welsh literature; 99, 101-03, brief miscellaneous notes on the Silurian, North Wales, Venedotian, and modern literary dialects of Wales, the use of verse amongst the early Greeks, the Ancient Britons, and the early Scandinavians, the mechanical and other skills of the Ancient Britons, and 'Ancient manners still retained in Wales', and brief extracts from one of the published letters of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu from Adrianople, 1718, relating to certain social customs in Turkey; 127, an extract 'Ex Alit yr Odyn MS.' relating to 'Griffine, the sonne of Conane', and an assembly of musicians convened at Caerwissc; 129- 31, extracts from Giraldus Cambrensis: Descriptio Kambriae, book 1, chapters 3, 12, 13, referring to the genealogies of the princes of Wales, the musical instruments of the Welsh, their bards, etc.; 138, 143-6, 148-9, 151, 153, 178-203, 231-46, 249-69, lists of Welsh words of a specific nature grouped together under descriptive headings ('Enwau Duw', 'Enwau Duw - Barddas', 'Walicized Roman Names', 'Geiriau sathredig yng Ngwent'), lists of Welsh words of a more general nature and of Welsh phrases, mainly poetic or bardic, sometimes with English definitions and/or illustrative excerpts from the works of Welsh poets, miscellaneous etymological and grammatical notes on the Welsh language, etc.; 159-72, lists of Welsh 'wisdom sayings' including lists with the superscriptions 'Llyma eiriae Gwynda Hen', 'Llyma eiriae Selyf dhoeth', 'Llyma gynghorau Catto Ddoeth ag Ystudfach Fardd a'r Bardd Glas o'r Gadair . . .', and 'Llyma Gynghorion y Doethion'; 207-08, notes headed 'Peculiarities of Dr. R[ichar]d Davies New Testament'; 247-9, a list of 'Welsh Agricultural Terms in Glamorgan'; 283- 6, 292-3, notes on Welsh bardic rites and ceremonies; 289-91, notes on Welsh poetic metres headed 'Llyma fal y mae Lewys Morganwg yn son am y mesurau Cerdd Dafawd a'u dosparth yn y Llyfr Cerddwriaeth a wnaeth efe Yr Arglwydd Wiliam Herbert, Iarll Rhaglan'; 311-13, notes on the metrical foot in Welsh verse headed 'Llyma Gorfannau cerdd dafawd'; 314-15, further notes on the same topic headed 'Llyma fal y mae am y Corfannau yn Llyfr Owain ap Rhydderch o Dresigyn'; and 316-21, comments on some of the Welsh strict metres, notes on the type of poem called a 'carol neu ddyrif, a elwid cerdd deuluaidd gan yr hen athrawon', and notes on an assembly of bards convened by King Arthur at Caerleon ('Llyma son am Gadair Arthur o Lyfr Rhys Brydydd o Dir Iarll').

Notes on words, etc.,

A manuscript consisting of a number of ? home-made note-books or booklets containing material in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together into one volume. P. 1 (which with pp. 2, 47-8 formed the covers of booklet 1) is inscribed 'Cymreigyddyn Rhif I, Silurian Words and others, miscellaneous'. The contents of pp. 3-24, 45-7 (other pages blank) of this booklet consist almost entirely of groups or lists of miscellaneous Welsh words with, variantly, English or Welsh equivalents or definitions, explanatory notes, phrases or poetic extracts to illustrate usage or meaning, etc. Also included is a list of words and phrases illustrating differences of usage in the Silurian and Venedotian dialects. P. 49 (which with pp. 50, 67-8 formed the covers of a second booklet) is inscribed 'Cymreigyddyn Rhif II. Casgliadau Llythyregawl' and (in the hand of Taliesin Williams) 'Poets and Poetry appertaining to Merthyr Tydvil Promiscuously inserted Mai 13, 1831', but the booklet is blank except for p. 68 which contains a note on the language and style of the Gogynfeirdd and the probability that such a poetic style had been introduced into Welsh poetry through Gruffudd ap Cynan's connection with Icelandic sources. P. 69 (which with pp. 70, 119-20 formed the covers of a third booklet) is inscribed 'Cymreigyddyn Rhif V (To go with the Salmau London proof paper)' and (in the hand of Taliesin Williams) 'Bannau'r flwyddyn. Tynghedfen Taliesin'. Most of this section is blank but pp. 71-5, 78-9 contain material similar to that which is found on pp. 3-24, 45-7, and also some verse attributed to Taliesin. P. 121 (which with pp. 122, 169-70 formed the covers of a fourth booklet) is inscribed 'Cymreigyddyn Rhif VI', but the section is blank except for pp. 122-9 which contain material similar to that on pp. 3-24, 45-7, 71-5, 78-9. P. 171 (which with pp. 172, 221-2 formed the covers of a fifth booklet) is inscribed 'Extracts from E. Llwyd's MS. in Mr. Nichol's possession', 'Topographical Anecdotes of Glamorgan, & c.', 'Gallia Togata, Celtica, & Braccata from Littleton. Last page of this book', and (in the hand of Taliesin Williams) 'Pit Falls and Subterranean Rivers in Glamorgan'. The greater part of this section is blank but pp. 173-9, 181-5 contain lists or groups of Welsh words with notes such as those noted in the preceding sections (some being associated with specified areas) and of names of dwellings or topographical features in specified parishes or counties in Wales, a sketch plan relating to a cross in Cowbridge churchyard, a brief note relating to Edward Llwyd, and a geological note, pp. 187-8, notes headed 'Topographical Anecdotes of Glamorgan', and pp. 220-21, a list of Latin proper names, etc., relating to Gaul, the Celts, the Cimmeri, etc., 'from Littlelton's Dictionary'. Frequently interspersed amongst the material on pp. 173-9, 181-5 is the name of Edward Llwyd and this material may have been extracted from one of his manuscripts as indicated on the cover to the section (p. 171). P. 223 ( which with pp. 224, 271-2 formed the covers of a sixth booklet) is inscribed '1. Extracts from Ystatut Rhuddlan. 2. Extracts from Hywel Dda end of this book reversed. 3. Historical Fragments from various MSS. Welsh'. The greater part of the section is blank but pp. 226-30 contain legal words, phrases, and extracts from a Welsh version of the Statute of Rhuddlan and ? other sources with English equivalents or definitions of the words and phrases, and pp. 269-70 miscellaneous extracts naming early, some legendary, Welsh poets, etc., and a transcript of the explicit of a copy of a version of the laws of Hywel Dda transcribed by 'Dafydd sgrifennydd i Iorwerth vab Llywelyn vab Tudur' giving the pedigree in direct line of the said Llywelyn. Pp. 273-84 (without previous covers) contain extracts from, or comments on statements in, [Theophilus Jones: A History of the County of Brecknock, vol. 1, Brecknock, 1805]. P. 285 (which may have been one of the covers of the booklet now paginated 293-340) is inscribed 'Philology - Bardism. Historical Anecdotes, &c., a few proverbs Glam. Gwasgargerdd Iolo Morganwg. Criticisms by E. Wms.', and (in the hand of Taliesin Williams) 'Pennillion Arwest. cynghanedd copied but not the pennillion (several)'. The greater part of the section is blank but pp. 292-308 contain Welsh words with notes of a varying nature thereon, poetic extracts to illustrate some of these words or quoted in connection therewith including transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Raff ab Robert, Gwerfyl Mechain, Syr Siôn Gruffydd, and Thomas Llywelyn, a list of Welsh words which in Monmouth usage had an initial G but which in Glamorgan were used without this initial consonant, notes on stones called variously Maen Meian, Maen Gorchest, Maen Ambor, Maen Gobaith, and Gwal y Filast, seven four-line stanzas of Welsh free-metre verse by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg', further stanzas of Welsh free-metre verse, brief notes relating to mutations in Welsh compound words, etc.