Celtic languages -- Comparison



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Celtic languages -- Comparison

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Celtic languages -- Comparison

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Celtic languages -- Comparison

5 Archival description results for Celtic languages -- Comparison

5 results directly related Exclude narrower terms

Brut Ieuan Brechfa; Brut Aberpergwm; triads, etc.

A composite volume containing miscellaneous historical and literary material in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Pp. 24-36 contain a transcript of a version of the medieval Welsh Chronicle of the Princes associated with the name of the fifteenth century poet and genealogist Ieuan Brechfa with the title or superscription 'Brut y Tywysogion . . . a dynnwyd o Lyfrau Caradawc Llancarfan ac eraill o hen Lyfrau Cyfarwyddyd a ysgrifenodd Ieuan Brechfa'. The transcript was allegedly made by Edward Williams from a volume in the possession of Rhys Thomas, printer, of Cowbridge, and the text was published in The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales, vol. II, 1801, pp. 470-565 (bottom section of pages). Pp. 37-135 contain one of the two known reputed transcripts by Edward Williams of the allegedly variant version of the aforesaid Welsh Chronicle of the Princes known as 'Brut Aberpergwm' or the 'Gwentian Brut'. The title or superscription reads 'Llyma Vrut y Tywysogion val y bu Ryfeloedd a Gweithredoedd enseiliaid a Dialeddau a Rhyfeddodau gwedi eu tynnu o'r hen gofion cadwedig a'u blynyddu'n drefnedig gan Garadawc Llancarfan', and the text was reputedly transcribed by [Edward Williams] 'Iorwerth Gwilym' in 1790 from one of the manuscripts of the Reverend Thomas Richards, curate of Llangrallo [co. Glamorgan], who, in turn, had reputedly copied the work in 1764 from a manuscript in the possession of George Wiliams of Aber Pergwm [co. Glamorgan] (see p. 135). For the other reputed transcript of this text allegedly from the same source see NLW MS 13113B (Llanover C. 26) above. Other items in the volume include pp. 13-18, variant versions of parts of the introductory section to Lewis Dwnn's Visitations (see S. R. Meyrick (ed.): Heraldic Visitations of Wales . . . by Lewys Dwnn (Llandovery, 1846), pp. 7 and 9); 18-20, a list of eleven Welsh writers who had recorded the genealogies and deeds of the Welsh ('sgrifennyddion a gadwasant gof am achau a gweithredoedd y Cymry') allegedly copied from a book in the possession of Ben Simon 'y Bardd o Borth Myrddin'; 20-24, a further list of twenty Welsh poets or writers who had written about Wales and the island of Britain ('Enwau'r Prydyddion Awdurdodol . . . a ysgrifenasant am Wlad Gymru ac am Ynys Prydain') (see IM, t. 308); 136-7, a note by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' in 1801 on the attribution of works to ancient writers and poets such as Caradawc o Lancarfan, Taliesin, etc.; 138-57, another account of the quarrels between Iestin fab Gwrgan, lord of Glamorgan, and Rhys fab Tudur, prince of South Wales, and between the said Iestin and Einion ab Collwyn, the invitation to Sir Rhobert fab Hamon and the Norman knights to intervene, the consequent conquest of Glamorgan by the Normans, and the division of the country between Sir Rhobert and his twelve knights, with brief notes on the subsequent holders of the thirteen original divisions ('Hanes y Tri Marchog ar Ddeg a ddaethant i Forganwg yn Amser Iestin ab Gwrgan', allegedly transcribed from a volume in the possession of the Reverend Thos. Basset of Lann y Lai, co. Glamorgan); 158- 61, notes on variations in a second version of the account of the conquest of Glamorgan (pp. 138-57) to be found in the aforesaid Mr. Bassett's volume; 163-4, a list of Glamorgan bards with the places where they lived; 179 + 182, a brief chronicle of historical and pseudo-historical events in British history, 2nd - 5th century A.D.; 183, notes on an 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen in the time of Rhys ab Tewdur; 191-4, notes on Sir Robert Fitzhamon and his twelve knights and 'chronological notes from the Encyclopaedia Britanica'; 195-223, transcripts of three series of triads with the superscriptions 'Trioedd Ynys Prydain o'r Delyn Ledr ymha Lyfr yr oeddent wedi eu hysgrifennu o Lyfr Mr. Robert Vaughan o Hengwrt' (91), 'Trioedd y Meirch' (11), and 'Llyma ychwaneg o Drioedd Ynys Prydain allan o Lyfr Mr. Robert Vaughan o Hengwrt' (4); 224, an anecdote relating to Maelgwn Gwynedd; 225-31, transcripts of Welsh verse attributed to Lewys Môn, Taliesin, and Cattwg ddoeth; 231-3, lists of proverbial or wisdom sayings headed 'Llyma Gynghorion Cattwg ddoeth', 'Llymma Goreuau Cattwg Sant ab Gwynlliw', and 'Llymma Goreuau Meugant Bardd Cystenin Fendigaid'; 233-51, transcripts of series of triads with the superscriptions 'Llyma Drioedd a gant Iolo Morganwg', 'Trioedd Cattwg Sant', 'Llymma Drioedd a dalant eu hystyrio cyn gwreicca', 'Llymma Drioedd y Gwragedd priod', and 'Llyma Drioedd o hen Lyfr Lewys Hopcin'; 257-66, transcripts of Welsh poems and exemplary verse attributed to Mab claf i Lywarch, Y Cwtta Cyfarwydd, and Dafydd Nanmor; 271-5, an incomplete series of triads (5 + part of 6) with the superscription 'Llymma Drioedd Cof Cyfarwydd yn son am hynodion o wyr ac o betheu a fuant gynt yn Ynys Prydain . . .' (pp. 267-70, with p. 267 inscribed 'Trioedd Ynys Prydain o Lyfr Iaco ab Dewi gan Rys Thomas, Argraphydd, a fu gynt yn eiddo Twm Siôn Catti', were probably formerly the upper and lower covers of a home-made booklet intended to contain a version of the third series of 'Trioedd Ynys Prydain' of which the contents of pp. 271-5 are probably a fragmentary draft (see Rachel Bromwich: 'Trioedd Ynys Prydain' in Welsh Literature and Scholarship (Cardiff, 1969), p. 13)); 287-300, an alphabetical list of old Welsh words with modern equivalents; 303-09, brief notes headed 'Some account of the Welsh Bards'; 315-17, etymological and other miscellaneous notes; 318, transcripts of a short series of Welsh triads called 'Trioedd yr Addurneu' and of four 'englynion' attributed to [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg'; 319, a brief note relating to ? Nonconformist meetings associated with Blaen Gwrach [co. Glamorgan]; 327-34, a transcript of the poem 'Kad Goddeu' attributed to Taliesin; 335-8 notes relating to a Unitarian society called 'Gwyr Cwm y Felin' which allegedly flourished at Cwrn y Felin, co. Glamorgan, in the eighteenth century with a reference to Edward Williams's attitude to Unitarianism (see TLLM, tt. 215, 239, 314, and IM, t. 73); (continued)

339-47, notes relating to developments in Welsh metrics and literature to the late eighteenth century; 349-50, notes on the 'Cimmerii' or 'Cimbri', etc.; 351, a note on the connection between the freemasons and St. Alban; 352, a list of the princes of Glamorgan from the time of Aedd Mawr to the time of Iestin ap Gwrgan; 363-5, transcripts of two poems attributed to Morgan Talhai 'o Lansanffraid Fawr ym Morganwg'; 371-4, historical memoranda relating to Gower including an incomplete list of the lords of Gower from the time of Henry I onwards; 375-82, etymological and historical notes relating to the names and regions of Gwent / Essyllwg / Morganwg (mention of 'Ragland Castle Library, the best collection of old Welsh MSS. that ever existed'); 383-4, a note on the possible antiquity of the period of the formation of the Welsh language; 384-90, miscellaneous poetic and other extracts mainly Welsh, and lists of the names of the months in Armoric and Cornish; 393-4 a transcript of an eight-stanza English poem by Taliesin Williams 'written at the Lamb and Flag, Vale of Neath, 1816'; 401-03, a draft copy of an advertisement for the proposed publication of a Welsh quarterly magazine to be called 'Goleugrawn Deheubarth', the first issue to appear in June 1818; 407-11, extracts from [William] Coxe: [An Historical Tour in] Mon[mouth]shire . . . (London, 1801), part 11, appendix 1; 415-18, a copy of a tale relating to King Arthur and his knights sleeping in a cave full of treasure at Craig y Ddinas; 419-22, extracts from [P. H.] Mallet [: Northern Antiquities . . .] and the works of Caedmon; 423-30, notes headed 'Plan of the Analytical Dissertation on the Welsh Language by E[dward] W[illiams]'; 431-5, brief notes relating to the cultivation of literary languages and 'the mode of examining or investigating the principles on which any language has been formed'; 436, a brief list of the 'numerous names of God' in Welsh; 440 + 453, notes relating to ? earth tremors in the area between Cowbridge and the sea in July and August 1809; 445-8, notes headed 'Preface to History of the Bards - hints', with references to the work of [Edward] Jones ['Bardd y Brenin']; 455-7, extracts from [George] Lytte[l]ton : [The] History of [the Life of King] Henry the Second; 457-9, miscellaneous triads; 460-61, extracts from poems by Tudur Aled and G[uto'r] Glyn to abbots of Lanegwystl; 471-82, two sets of notes headed 'On Welsh Literature. Miscellaneous' and 'Cardigan and North Pembroke Dialects' containing general observations on the nature, etc., of Welsh literature and the Welsh language with references to classes held for learning to read Welsh; 482-6, notes on a reputed Welsh bard 'Keraint Vardd Glas otherwise Y Bardd Glas Keraint seemingly the Glaskerion of Chaucer'; 487-91, copies of two rhetorical prose exercises in the form of two love-letters in Welsh addressed by a member of the Powel family of Llwydiarth [co. Glamorgan] to a young lady; 491-500, a brief sketch in Welsh of the history of Morgannwg from the time of Morgan Mwynfawr to the time of the Tudors reputedly from a volume once in the possession of the Reverend Mr. Gamais (Gamage), vicar of St. Athan [co. Glamorgan], and then in the possession of Mr. John Spencer of the same parish; 501-05, transcripts of two letters reputedly exchanged between the sixteenth century poets Siôn Mowddwy and Meirig Dafydd concerning criticism by the latter of the former's verse, mention being made by Meirig Dafydd of the rival Welsh strict-metre systems of Dafydd Emwnt and the bards of Morgannwg (for references to manuscript and published versions of these letters see IMCY, t. 167, and TLLM, t. 86, n. 26-7, and for the opinion that Meirig Dafydd's reply was composed by Edward Williams himself see TLLM, t. 78, n. 6, and t. 86); 505, 'Llyma bump Tywysawglwyth Cymru'; 507- 12, an incomplete list of twenty four early kings of Britain recounting their feats and accomplishments ('Hanes Pedwar Brenin ar hugain a varnwyd yn henna ac yn wrola o'r Brutaniaid i Ddeiliaid ag i Gwncwerio'); 513-16, notes on the lineage of Iestyn ap Gwrgan ('Llyma wehelyth Iestyn ap Gwrgan un o bump Brenhinllwyth Cymru a Phen hynaif Tywysogion Ynys Prydain' reputedly 'o Lyfr Thomas Hopkin o Langrallo'); etc. In three instances notes have been written on the blank verso or margins of printed copies of the following - an abstract of a report on a meeting, May 1820, of the governors and friends of the medical charitable organisation known as the Welsh Dispensary (171-8), proposals for publishing Edward Williams's two volumes of English verse Poems Lyric and Pastoral in 1792 (180-81), and an advertisement for letting 'a desirable family residence' in Cardiff (184-5).


A composite volume containing a miscellany of literary and historical material, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') including pp. 1-13, an outline plan drawn up by Edward Williams in 1806 for setting up a committee and employing paid research workers with a view to publishing 'A Complete and Superb History of the County of Glamorgan' (see also NLW MSS 13103B, 13114B above); 17-22, brief topographical and historical notes on Glamorganshire; 25-33, notes on the princes of Glamorgan from the time of Morgan Mwynfawr to the time of Iestyn ab Gwrgan; 41-51, extracts from [John] Leland's Itinerary relating to cos. Glamorgan and Monmouth; 57-81, genealogical and historical extracts from Panton MS 15 (now NLW MS 1984A); 82-91, further genealogical data relating to the saints of Britain ('Bonedd Seint Ynys Prydain o Lyfr Mr. Elis'); 91-3, notes on the nine kings of Glywysyg 'sef y wlad a elwir y weith horn Cantref Gwaunllwg yrwng Afon Wysg . . . ac Afon Elerch' (see also NLW MS 13106B above); 93-4, two versions of an anecdote relating to Urien Rheged; 105-06 + 111-12, a printed copy of the resolutions of a committee of the Cambrian Society in Gwent held 10 May 1822 concerning arrangements for an 'eisteddfod'; 107-09, notes relating to two 'eisteddfodau' held at Carmarthen [?1451] and 1461; 113-15, a record of 'Remarkable frost in Britain', A.D. 220-1788; 117-29, notes headed 'Rural knowledge' containing miscellaneous information on a variety of topics, e.g. the growing of hawthorn hedges, manures, the making of carrot marmalade, the planting of potatoes, carrots, etc.; 131-3, anecdotes relating to Inigo Jones ? extracted from [Horace] Walpole: Anecdotes of Painting [in England]; 134- 41, copies of two letters, 1797, [from Edward Williams] to Sir Richard Hoare, Bart., Stourhead, Wiltshire, the first reciting a traditional story concerning the brothers William and Richard Twrch and the latter's work as a stonemason at Bewper (Beaupre) Castle [co. Glamorgan] (see also NLW MSS 13089E, 13103B above), and the second relating mainly to ancient memorial inscriptions at Lantwit Major including inscriptions on a stone unearthed by the writer in the churchyard there; 149-65, a transcript of notes relating to Saint Illtud, the ancient school and monastery founded at Llanilltud, and the abbots of the said monastery allegedly compiled by the Reverend David Nicholls in 1729 (see also NLW MS 13114B above); (continued)

163 (2) -74, further notes [? by Edward Williams] on Saint Illtud and the school and monastery at Llanilltud, and a transcript of the inscriptions on the 'Cross of Iltutus' at the said place, etc. (see again NLW MS 13114B above); 175-8, notes in English, in the hand of Taliesin Williams, on the nine kings of Glewiseg (see pp. 91-3 of the present manuscript); 183-4, an account of the division of Glamorgan between Syr Rhobert fab Amon and his twelve Norman knights (written on the blank verso of a printed sheet, 1797, proclaiming an 'eisteddfod' to be held in Caerwys [co. Flint] in 1798 under the patronage of Cymdeithas y Gwyneddigion); 188-201, extracts relating to members of various branches of the English peerage, e. g. earls of Gloucester, Worcester, Leicester, Pembroke, etc.; 204-26, an alphabetical list of names of persons (historical, pseudo-historical), names of places, elements in place-names, etc.; 228-31, notes relating to medieval lords of Gower; 234-5, genealogical data relating mainly to the Gawntlo family; 236-9, historical data relating to the lordship of Glamorgan ('Morganwg') in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries; 248, an extract from a letter, 1698, from John Lloyd ap Huw from Bryn Blaen y Ddol, Meirionethshire, to Edward Llwyd of the [Ashmolean] Museum relating to stone circles and 'cistfeini' (see NLW MS 2029B); 248-55, miscellaneous extracts including names of ancient kings of Gwent, Glamorgan, Ercyng, Glewisig, and [Brycheiniog], notes on St. Illtud, etc.; 256-80, an alphabetical list of Welsh poets, 5th-late 17th cent., with dates when they flourished and occasional biographical notes extracted 'o Lyfr y diweddar Barchedig Mr. Dafydd Ellis o Amlwch ym Môn'; 280-85, addenda to the list contained in pp. 256-80; 286-7, notes headed 'Bonedd ag anfonedd' extracted from Panton MS 63 (now NLW MS 2029B); 287-9, further addenda to the list in pp. 256-80; 292-9, a copy of the words of a 'Song for the Glamorgan Volunteers . . . By Edward Williams' with notes on the text (see also NLW MS 13089E); 309, notes from Nennius relating to the 'origin of the Britons'; 316-18, brief notes on a few ancient inscriptions in Glamorganshire, Breconshire, etc.; 324-6, extracts from the Liber Landavensis; 332-3, proposals for publishing 'Traethawd ar Areithyddiaeth o Saesneg y Dysgedig Dr. Blackwell gan Iolo Morganwg'; 336, a note on Dafydd ap Gwilym; 338-41, extracts from [Thomas] Astle: The Origin and Progress of Writing [2nd ed.], 1803; 346-59, notes on the erection of cob walls, the use of clay ashes and coal ashes in mixing mortar, rough casting, the erection of rough stone walls, ashlar fronts, varieties of stone for building in Glamorgan, the mixing of mortar, pointing, outside plastering, and the making of mortar floors; 364-7, notes relating to the history of South Wales in the eleventh century; 373-4, a table tracing the line of chief poets of Morgannwg with their disciples from the time of Dafydd ap Gwilym to the time of Siôn Bradford, circa 1780; 378-9, advice re the planting of orchards in Glamorgan; 384-7, notes on the topography, etc., of Glamorgan; 394-421, extracts from [William] Camden: Britannia (ed. Edmund Gibson) relating to inscribed stones in Wales, and 'Antient Gallick words collected out of Roman Authors compared with the Welsh', etc.; 426- 30, miscellaneous genealogical and historical data; 431, a note relating to the 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys, co. Flint, in 1523 or 1524; 432-4, a list of poets and authors of cos. Denbigh, Merioneth, Caernarvon, and Anglesey 'ar a oedd ar unwaith an cyfoes ni yn canu ar eu bwyd i hun mal y mae y ddiareb yn fonheddigion ag uchelwyr da'; 435-6, extracts from the Liber Landavensis; and 438-49, lists of towns, markets, villages, seaports, and bays or inlets in co. Glamorgan, and notes on 'Native fruits of Glamorgan', etc.

Miscellaneous poetry and prose,

  • NLW MS 13225C.
  • File
  • [1779x1835] / William Owen-Pughe, 'Iolo Morganwg', David Samwell and others.
  • Part of Mysevin manuscripts

A composite volume containing miscellaneous material, chiefly in the hand of William Owen [-Pughe] and lettered on the spine 'M.S.S., Vol. I'. The contents include: pp. 1-3, 'At y Beirdd yn Eisteddfod Caerwys', being a 'cywydd' by 'Y Bardd Clôff' [Thomas Jones]; p. 5, transcript of, and notes on, an inscription found at Pap Castle near Cockermouth, [Cumberland]; pp. 7-9, 'An outline of the Tale of Arthur and his Warriors, popular in Glamorgan and other parts of Wales, as given by Edward Williams'; pp. 11-13, notes on the Welsh and bardic alphabets, and the alphabet introduced by E. Llwyd [Edward Lhuyd] into his Archaeologia Britannica; pp. 17-18, further notes on Welsh orthography; pp. 19-24, 'Llyma Ystori Aza ac Eva - Wedi ithyny o' r ail Lyvyr o'r Beibl, yr hwn a elwir Genesys' (text published, see J. E. Caerwyn Williams: 'Ystorya Adaf ac Eua y Wreic', The National Library of Wales Journal, vol. VI, pp. [170]-75; this version is probably a copy of the text found in Wrexham MS 2 [NLW MS 873B], see the colophon at the end of the present text: 'Mez John Edmonde curad Tal-y-llyn. Adysgrived gan Gwilym Owain o Lyvyr Havod Uçdryd, Gorfenav 12d. 1799'); pp. 24-26, 'Llyma y saith gair azywed y doethion', and a series of questions and answers on Biblical and ecclesiastical subjects [cf. NLW MS 873B, pp. 138-42]; pp. 27-33, 'Llyma Ystori Titws Vesbessianws Arbenig a Filatws' (text published, see J. E. Caerwyn Williams: 'Ystorya Titus Aspassianus', The Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, vol. IX, pp. 221-30; appended to the text is the following colophon: 'Gwilym Owain o Veirion a adysgrives hyn o lyvyr cylç 300 mlwyz oed, Gorfenav. 11d. 1799; Y llyvyr hwnw a berthynai i lyvrgell Havod Uçdryd' [cf. NLW MS 873B, pp. 83-90 ]); pp. 35 and pp. 37-38, drafts of two letters in the hand of William Owen [-Pughe], relating to the perusal of MSS and the compilation of his dictionary; p. 39, notes on bards and bardism; pp. 41, 43-44, onomastic notes attempting to prove the names 'Peebles', 'Fife' and 'Caledonia', to be of Welsh origin; p. 45, printed receipt, dated 7 January 1805, recording W[illia]m Owen [-Pughe]'s annual subscription to Cymdeithas y Gwyneddigion; p. 47, 'Proclamation for a Meeting of the Bards, at Midsummer, 1798' (printed); p. 51, printed proposals, dated 1801, for the second volume of Edward Jones, Musical and Poetical Relicks of the Welsh Bards . . .; pp. 53-54 a poem entitled 'To Maenwyn', beginning: 'Maenwyn, e'er Age had shook my head . . .', being a translation of 'Llywarch a Maen' (see Ifor Williams: Canu Llywarch Hen (Caerdydd, 1935) tt. 20-21); p. 55, proposals for encouraging the Welsh bards by means of eisteddfodau; p. 56, draft proposals, dated 1 February 1789, for printing a Welsh and English Dictionary by [William Owen-Pughe]; pp. 57-58, notes 'On the etimology [sic] of London'; p. 59, a list of Welsh words, some of which are followed by phrases and couplets illustrating their meaning; p. 60, 'Gwedy dwyn koron Lundeyn ay theyrn wyalen . . . Ac ny bu en oes Vaelgun, ac wrth henny ny alley hwnnw vot en Vael da hynaf' (text published, see Dafydd Jenkins: 'Llawysgrif Goll Llanforda o Gyfreithiau Hywel Dda', The Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, vol. XIV, pp. 103-04); p. 62, a table and extract relating to the payment of 'galanas' (see Dafydd Jenkins, art. cit ., p. 102); (continued)

pp. 63-65, 'Trioedd ynys Brydain en Llyfr Coch o Hergest. Ex eodem col. 599', p. 65 bears a note in Latin by Iorwerth ab Madog, 'Transcript taken by Moses Williams from the original M.S. in the House of Mr. Llwyd of Penyrallt, near Bangor'; pp. 67-68, 'Association for exploring the Madawca Country', stating the objects of the society intent on an expedition to America in search of the White Padoucas; pp. 69-70, Slavonic versions of the Lord's Prayer with an attempt to correlate them with a Cornish version (incomplete); pp. 71-72, a poem by 'Meilirion', entitled 'On the Revolution', and beginning: 'Hail sons of Cambria, bards of ancient lore . . .'; p. 73, notes on 'Brigant', a type of dance, in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'), including tunes entitled: 'Canu cylch y Brigant' and 'Canu rhedfa'r Brigant'; pp. 75-76, draft title of 'A Comparison Between The Erse language as contained in Shaw's Dictionary and the Welsh in II Parts. done in December 1797 by W.O.'; p. 77, a vocabulary of the terms of rhetoric; p. 78, draft proposals in English and Welsh for printing a guide to the Welsh language; p. 79, printed proposals for printing by subscription, Poems Lyric and Pastoral . . . by Edward Williams; p. 81, notes on 'Lleiku Llwyd' and 'Llywelyn Goch ab Meyrig Hen'; pp. 83-84, 'Hanes am grëad y Byd', being the beginning of the book of Genesis, written in William Owen [-Pughe]'s own orthography; pp. 85-86, further notes on the 'Etymology of London'; p. 87, [?] draft inscription for the tombstone of Robert Hughes, 'Robin Ddu yr Ail o Fôn'; p. 89, 'Cywydd Marwnad Robert Hughes o Fon. 1785' attributed in pencil to 'Sion Lleyn' [John Roberts, Pwllheli], beginning: 'Clywyd clych mynych ym Môn . . .'; p. 91, a list of some MSS of Welsh interest in the Cotton library; pp. 93-96, a collection of fifty-three miscellaneous 'englynion'; pp. 97-103, a paraphrase of a portion of the book of Job, chapters 38-41; pp. 105-06, 'Plan for exploring the country of the Padoucas, commonly denominated the White, or Welsh Indians . . .'; p. 108, invitation dated 2 Oct. 1784, to a meeting of the Cymmrodorion Society addressed to Mr. [William] Owen [-Pughe]; p. 109, a printed ticket ( blank) to the St. David's Day meeting of 'Cymdeithas y Gwyneddigion'; p. III, notice, dated 29 May 1784, of a meeting of the Cymmrodorion Society, addressed to Mr. [William] Owen [-Pughe]; p. 113, 'Cerdd arferol ei chanu gan y Gwyneddigion; Wrth dderbyn Cyfeillion', a printed poem beginning: 'Cyd unwn Wyneddigion, Brodorion freiscion fryd . . . '; p. 115, 'Buddugoliaeth Rhydd-did. Can Newydd', a printed poem by [Edward Williams ], 'Iolo Morganwg', beginning: 'Y Diddig Brydyddion, Wyr glewion o'n Gwlad . . .'; pp. 117-18, notes on punctuation and emphasis; p. 119, four 'englynion' headed: '1798 Un 87 o'i oed', by Rhys Jones, beginning: 'Rho fawl tro buddiol tra byddaf - erglyw . . .', together with another two entitled: 'I'w Wyr', beginning: 'Glân yr â'r baban i'r bedd . . .'; pp. 121-22, notes on the words 'Derwydd', 'Bardd' and 'Ofydd'; p. 123, English and Welsh versions of eleven Psalm-like verses, beginning: 'Simple are the children of the mountains, but their hearts beat high in their breasts'; p. 127, a copy of [?the Lord's Prayer] in unpointed Hebrew; and pp. 129-42, a draft by David Samwell, in the author's autograph, of portions of 'The Padouca Hunt', a satire on a debate by the Caractacan Society in 1791 on the existence of the Welsh Indians; and a printed booklet entitled: Araeth y Gwir Anrhydeddus Iarll Caernarfon, Yn Nghyfarfod Aelodau Lleyg Eglwys Loegr, a gynnaliwyd yn Winchester, Swydd Hants, Mehefin 29, 1834 . . . (Bala: R. Saunderson, 1834).

Welsh literature and philology,

Drafts of articles relating to Welsh literature and history and to Celtic institutions; lists of Welsh words derived from English and of words common to both branches of the Celtic family; and a poem entitled 'Rhiangerdd Gwenfalwy o Gastell Caerphili' by 'Idwal Trefor', 1874.

Sir Edward Anwyl.

Welsh word lists, etc.,

Miscellaneous papers containing lists, notes, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents consist largely of groups or lists of Welsh words. Included are lists with the superscriptions 'Geiriadur William Cynwal o Lyfr William Morys' with an added note 'medd Llyfr Dr. Williams o Gaernarfon o ba un y cymmerais i ef. I[orwer]th G[wily]m' (an incomplete alphabetical list A-D only; pp. 7- 38); 'Extracts from an old vocabulary' (pp. 111-13); 'Coincidences of Silurian and Cornish' (an incomplete alphabetical list A-G only; pp. 145- 60); 'Welsh Words from the Welsh Orbis Pictus (Merthyr)' (pp. 163-4); 'Cannons of Etymology' (pp. 171-3); 'North Walicisms' (p. 210); 'Welsh words collected in N[orth] W[ales]' (pp. 219-?20); 'Terms in sacred poetry, &c.' (p. 343); and '[Words from the] Gododin' (p. 375); and lists or groups without superscriptions. The Welsh words are often followed by English definitions or equivalents and the lists which appear on pp. 95- 110, 115-17, 127-8, 131-42, and 145-60 also give Breton or Cornish cognates. Pp. 255-69 contain an incomplete list of words (A-I only) with the superscription 'Welsh words from the Cotton MS.'. The words in this instance, however, are not Welsh but Cornish and correspond to those to be found in the old Cornish vocabulary which appears in [British Museum] Cottonian MS [Vespasian A. xiv] (see Henry Lewis: Llawlyfr Cernyweg Canol (Caerdydd, 1946), tt. 2-3. Internal evidence suggests that the present list may have been copied from that published in William Pryce: Archaeologia Cornu-Britannica . . . (Sherborne, 1790)). Also included in the volume are notes headed 'Deuddeg prif ragorgamp Cerdd dafod' (p. 170), a note on 'The Yniales Vocabulary . . . original (sic) compiled in this form by Hopkin ap Thomas . . .' (p. 174), a list of Glamorgan idioms (pp. 175-6), extracts from John Jones: The Tower of Babel or Essays on the confusion of tongues ( pp. 199-200), four stanzas of Welsh verse attributed to Watkin Powel 'o Ben y Fai' (p. 293), a list headed 'Barbarisms of Wm. Owain in D. G.' [? Barddoniaeth Dafydd ab Gwilym, 1789] (pp. 325-6), a list of 'Names of God in various Languages' (pp. 345-7), a list of seven 'Peculiarites (sic) of the North Walian Dialect' (p. 387), various grammatical and etymological notes relating to the Welsh language, and other miscellanea. Notes in one instance have been written on the dorse of a ? holograph letter, June 1817, from William Vaughan from Lanelay to Mr. Jones, overseer of the poor of Tythegston, giving an opinion concerning a pauper's settlement and his contract with his master, and in two other instances on the dorse or margins of copies of a printed leaflet announcing the printing of Edward Williams's two volumes of English verse Poems Lyric and Pastoral.