File NLW MS 22051A [RESTRICTED ACCESS]. - Horae (use of Sarum),

Identity area

Reference code



Horae (use of Sarum),


  • [c. 1380x1500]. (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

93 ff.; leaves have been cut out of every quire but one, perhaps 65 leaves in all :Parchment ;145 x 100 mm. (written space 100 x 60 mm.).Original binding, pink-stained whittawed skin (now darkened) over bevelled boards, on five bands, with remains of clasp.Many leaves wanting.Many leaves wanting.

Context area

Archival history

First owned perhaps in S. E. England and later, to judge by the additions of the post-1457 hand, in N. E. England. On f. 1 recto-verso in a hand of the fifteenth/sixteenth century are memoranda relating to tides in the Bristol Channel and bearings for navigating the Bristol Channel and Irish Sea, naming twenty landmarks, six in Wales. The names of John Byrkin, 1635, James Byrkin, 1651, George Byrkin of Awre [Gloucestershire, near the Forest of Dean] and Richard Byrkin, and reference to a debt due to Thomas Johnes, all seventeenth century, occur on ff. 3 verso, 89, 90 verso-2.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Sotheby's; London; Purchased at auction, lot 51; 3 July 1984

Content and structure area

Scope and content

A Book of Hours of the use of Sarum, [c. 1380x1400], in original binding but wanting many leaves. Contains: Kalendar (ff. 5-9 verso), Hours of BVM (ff. 10-39 verso), Penitential Psalms, Gradual Psalms and Litany (ff. 40-54 verso), Office of the Dead (ff. 55-78 verso) and Commendation of Souls (ff. 80-7 verso), with added prayers on f. 79, contemporary, and ff. 87 verso-9, after 1457. Illuminated initials, mostly 3-line, and borders, the dominant colours gold, blue and maroon, the initials on f. 25 (St Catherine) and f. 46 (face of Christ) historiated. From the workshop, probably in London, which produced, among other manuscripts, the Balknap Hours (J. R. Abbey Sale, Sotheby's 1 Dec. 1970, lot 2869) and Bodley MS 581 (after 1391). The Kalendar includes, in the original hand, Chad and Edward, the litany (all that survives, the Virgins) Ethelreda, Mildreda, Radegunde and Osyth. A hand of second half 15 cent. (which adds Osmund, canonized 1457) added to the Kalendar, in red, the feast and translation of Cuthbert and the invention of Oswin (relics at Tynemouth), besides other synodal Sarum feasts in black.

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Conditions governing access

Access to the original manuscript by authorised permission only.

Conditions governing reproduction

Usual copyright laws apply.

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Finding aids

The contents of NLW MSS 21701-22852 are indexed in greater detail in Handlist of Manuscripts in the National Library of Wales, vol. 8 (Aberystwyth, 1999).

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Title based on contents.


Preferred citation: NLW MS 22051A [RESTRICTED ACCESS].

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Rules and/or conventions used

This description follows NLW guidelines based on ISAD(G) 2nd ed.; AACR2; and LCSH.


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Dates of creation revision deletion


  • English



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  • Text: NLW MS 22051A [RESTRICTED ACCESS]; $q - Many leaves wanting.; $z - Access to the original manuscript by authorised permission only..