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Barddoniaeth (fac.)

  • NLW MS 11115B.
  • File
  • [?1959]

A negative photostat facsimile of Welsh MS. 2 in the John Rylands Library, Manchester, being an incomplete early eighteenth century collection of poetry, largely in the form of 'cywyddau', by Sion Philip, Rhisiart Philip, Edmund Price [sic], William Cynwal, Evan Bry[dy]dd hir, Lewis Môn, Sion Cent, Tudyr Aled, David ap Gwillim [sic], David Nanmor [sic] and others. On p. 76 is a text of 'Brenin dlysau ynys Brydai[n]'. Later eighteenth century additions include a certificate of a declaration of an oath by Edd. Vaughan of Lanymowddy, Merioneth, 2 November, 1750, that a red heifer sold at Dinnas Mowddy and the herd from which it is taken are free from the infection now raging among horned cattle in the Kingdom.

Penillion, &c.

  • NLW MS 10745B.
  • File
  • 1814

'A Collection of Welsh Pennillion, etc.', in the hand of Richard Williams, Denbigh, 10 November, 1814, containing 'penillion telyn', 'englynion', and extracts from 'cywyddau' by Siôn Brwynog, Wiliam Llŷn, Goronwy Owen, Lewis Morris ('Llywelyn Ddu o Fôn'), Robert Davies ('Bardd Nantglyn'), John Jones ('Jac Glanygors'), and John Cain Jones ('Siôn Ceiriog'). Among the titles are '3 Englyns written in Peblig Churchyard', 'Englynion i Gorph y gaingc', and 'Englyn in praise of West in the Denbigh Election 1820' (with a reply).

Williams, Richard, of Denbigh

Pedwar mesur ar hugain Cerdd Dant, &c.,

  • Brogyntyn MS II.41 [RESTRICTED ACCESS].
  • File
  • 1592, [17 cent., second ½]-[mid-18 cent.]
  • Part of Brogyntyn manuscripts

A copy of Siôn Dafydd Rhys, Cambrobrytannicæ Cymraecæve Lingvae Institvtiones et Rvdimenta... (London: Thomas Orwin, 1592, ESTC S115912), with manuscript additions in a number of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century hands throughout the volume and on the back fly-leaves, including Welsh verse in strict and free metre on pp. 98, 151, 196, 200 and 308-309, and 'pedwar mesir arhigain Cerdd Dant', 'y pedwar mesir arhugain Cerdd dafod' and 'y saith fesur ar hugain, ne'r saith fesurau [Cerdd Dant]' on pp. 305-307, together with a drawing of a Welsh triple harp and a diagram illustrating the tuning of its three sets of strings on p. 308.
The Welsh verses on p. 98 are probably in the hand of Robert Lloyd, whose name occurs on pp. 95, 98 and 157, and those on pp. 196 and 200 in the hand of Ffoulk Edwardes, whose name occurs on p. 156. The eighteenth-century hand which added the dates to poems on pp. 45, 164, 181, 183, 184, 190 and 248 probably also copied the verses on pp. 151, 248 and the texts on pp. 305-309.

Cerddi Cymraeg

  • NLW MS 3038B [RESTRICTED ACCESS]
  • File
  • [c. 1669]-[early 18 cent.]
  • Part of Mostyn Manuscripts

A collection of cywyddau, englynion and carols, compiled [c. 1669]-[early 18 cent], with the greater part appearing to be in the hand of John Davies (Siôn Dafydd Laes).
An index to the contents is on pp. xvii-xxvi.

Davies, John, d. 1694.

Llyfr Ystrad Alun

  • NLW MS 7191B.
  • File
  • [late 17 cent.]

'Llyfr Ystrad Alun', containing (a) items in prose, (b) a very large number of 'cywyddau', 'awdlau', 'englynion', and 'carolau' or 'cerddi', and (c) some poems in English. --
(a) The prose items are 'Araith Wgan', 'Addysg rhifyddiaeth, yr hon ddengys rhifedi or ddaiar hyd y lleuad, or lleuad hyd yr haul, or haul hyd y Nefoedd, or nefoedd hyd vffern a lled a thewdwr y ddaear i bob ffordd', 'Dyna fal i mae y saith blaened yn Raenio yn gyntaf Satarnus, Jupiter, Mars, Sol, Venus, Mercurius a Luna...', and 'Breuddwyd Gronwy ddu'. -- (b) Among the poets represented are Sion Phylip, Raff ap Robert, Morgan ap Hughe Lewis, Edmwnd Prys, Wiliam Cynwal, Wiliam Phylip, Thomas Llywelyn, Dafydd Llwyd, Sion Cent, Sion Tudur, Hwmffre Dafydd ab Ieuan, Gruffudd Gryg, Thomas Prys, Dafydd Vaughan (alias Dafydd ab Ieuan), Huw Llwyd Cynfal, Huw Morus, Sion Ifan Clywedog, Maredudd ap Rhys, Hywel Swrdwal, Sion Brwynog, Dafydd Nanmor, Iolo Goch, Owain Gwynedd, Ieuan Brydydd Hir, Gruffudd ab Ieuan ap Llewelyn Fychan, Huw Arwystli, Gruffudd ab yr Ynad Coch, Ieuan ap Rhydderch ab Ieuan Llwyd, Robin Clidro, Harri Hywel, Taliesin, Dafydd ab Edmwnd, Guto'r Glyn, Rhys Goch Eryri, Gruffudd ap Dafydd Fychan, Tudur Aled, Bedo Brwynllys, Wiliam Llyn, Rhys Cain, Gutun Owain, Dafydd Gorlech, Dafydd Llwyd ap Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Llywelyn ab Owain, Robin Ddu, Hywel Rheinallt, Ieuan Dyfi, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Gwerful vch Hywel Fychan, Rhys ap Harri, Mathew Owain, Dafydd Humphreys, J. Jones, Gruffydd James, Syr Hughe Heiward, Hopcyn Thomas ('O Llanelli'), Thomas Rowland, Wil Watkin Ju., Han Edward Morus, Wiliam Siencyn, Ifan ap Sion, Lewis Dwnn, Robin Dyfi, Ifan ap Cadwaladr, Sion Morgan, Lewis Gwynne, Tomos ab Han Sion, Sion Scrifen, Wiliam Dafydd, Rees Prees, Owen Edward, Oliver Rogers, Dafydd Manuel, Richard Abram, Rowland Vaughan, James Dwnn, Robert Lloyd, etc. -- (c) The English items include 'A Christmas Carol' by D. H., 'Agony of or Saviors birth' by J. Jones, 'A Confession of a sinner', 'The prayer of a sinner at the hour of death', 'An effectuall prayer for grace, mercy and forgiveness of sins', 'The dying teares of a penitent sinner', 'Queene Elizabeths delight', 'The Horny booke' by John Scriven, 'A lover departure' by D. ff. Two poems by Dafydd Vaughan, 'Gwir gariad' and ['Camgymeriad'], have stanzas in English and Welsh alternately, the Welsh following the English. -- As so many of the poems in the manuscript are by Dafydd Vaughan he may possibly have been the scribe. The volume has annotations by Walter Davies ('Gwallter Mechain') who has designated it 'Llyfr Ystrad Alun' and who transcribed some poems from it - see NLW MS 1658.

Gwaith yr hen feirdd

A collection of cywyddau in several hands of the seventeenth century, including poems by Thomas Prys (pp. 559-609).

Prys, Thomas, 1564?-1634

Cywyddau ac Awdlau gan Ben Beirdd Cymru

Cywyddau and awdlau written in a seventeenth-century hand, comprising mainly poems by Thomas Prys (derived from NLW MS 3031B) (pp.19-141), Dafydd ap Gwilym (derived from NLW 3066E) (pp.195-295), Wiliam Cynwal (some derived from NLW 3030B) (pp.307-498), Guto'r Glyn (pp. 559-606), Siôn Tudur (pp. 685-751) and Tudur Aled (pp. 799-826).

Prys, Thomas, 1564?-1634

Cywyddau ac odlau i deulu Mostyn

A photostat copy, [early 20 cent.], of part of a manuscript of 1674-1686, containing cywyddau and awdlau addressing Sir Thomas Mostyn and other members of his family.
The facsimile reproduces 3 prefatory leaves and pp. 25-92, 295-340 of the original only, the remainder of the manuscript being blank.

Heraldry, pedigrees and poetry

  • NLW MS 3067B [RESTRICTED ACCESS]
  • File
  • [16 cent., second ½]-[mid 17 cent.]
  • Part of Mostyn Manuscripts

A manuscript in three parts. The first part, possibly in the autograph of Thomas Jones (alias Twm Siôn Cati), comprises heraldry, with coloured illustrations of the coats of arms of the Britons and of the princes of North and South Wales, together with a number of their pedigrees (pp. 1-136). The second part comprises the pedigrees of the mothers of some of the principal families in Wales, together with a description of their coats of arms (pp. 137-178). The third part comprises poetry, a large portion of which is in the autograph of John Jones, Gellilyfdy (pp. 179-202).

Jones, Thomas, approximately 1530-approximately 1620

Barddoniaeth a phroffwydoliaethau

A volume containing poetry mostly in strict metre, together with some prose items and a significant body of prophetic prose or vaticinatory verse, transcribed between 1649 (see pp. 285-288) and 1660 by Wiliam Bodwrda; the volume would appear to have been 'No. 17' in his own collection of manuscripts (see f. iv and p. 342).
The cited works are mainly those of fifteenth-century poets, including eulogies by Lewys Glyn Cothi and prophetic poetry by Dafydd Gorlech, Dafydd Llwyd ap Llywelyn ap Gruffudd o Fathafarn and Robin Ddu. Several pieces of prophecy are either anonymous or attributed to ambiguous and obscure authors such as Taliesin, y Bardd Cwsg and y Bergam. Eulogies composed in praise of the Bodwrda family are found on pages 181-193 and 285-288. Wiliam Bodwrda himself has paginated the manuscript from 1-341, but some of these numbers have been cropped in binding. The paper, according to the transcriber's practice, has been folded before use giving three vertical creases on every page, the left-hand crease being used as a guide for the alignment of the text. The transcriber uses a catchword on the bottom right-hand corner of most verso pages.

Wiliam Bodwrda.

Llyfr Coch Nannau

A collection of awdlau and cywyddau written during the second quarter of the seventeenth century by William Phylip. The contents are almost entirely poetical, but the volume also includes transcripts of a treatise on poetical composition by William Middleton (pp. 274-302) and on Welsh metres by John Phillipp [Siôn Phylip] (pp. 303-313). The title page, table of contents and an index of poets are in the hand of Lewis Morris (pp. 1, 3-11, 13-14, 40).

Phylip, William, 1579-1669.

Llyfr Gwyn Corsygedol

A collection of cywyddau, awdlau and carols partly in the hand of William Bodwrda. Poems by Wiliam Cynwal are especially well represented in this manuscript (pp. 91-185), which is written in three different but contemporary hands. Pages 193-280 are of an earlier date than the remainder of the manuscript.

Bodwrda, William, 1593-1660.

Barddoniaeth Thomas Prys

'Cywydeu ac Odleu' chiefly by Capt. Thomas Price of Plas Iolyn, Denbighshire; together with indices and proverbs. Pages 9-465, 515-519, 552-562 appear to have been written by the same hand, possibly the author, prior to 31 March 1631, when the Indices (pp. 573-654) were compiled.

Prys, Thomas, 1564?-1634

Lewis Johnes' Book,

  • NLW MS 23985A.
  • File
  • [13 cent.], [16 cent., first ¼]-[17 cent., first ¼].

An imperfect copy, lacking title-page, and all following f. cxxxvi, of an unidentified early sixteenth-century printed edition of the Latin Decretales of Gregory IX. The text ends at the beginning of c. 1, X, De fideiussoribus, III, 22. Preceding the Decretales are sixteen originally-blank paper leaves, and a vellum leaf containing a fragment of a medieval Latin text, in a XIII cent. hand, originally used as a front pastedown, now raised and left as a fly-leaf. The covers bear blind-tooled rolled decorations of Oldham's 'heads in medallions' type, similar to his HM. h (29), identified as a London production of 1533-44; see further J.B. Oldham, English Blind-Stamped Bindings (Cambridge, 1952), 54 & plate L.
The volume was owned at the end of the sixteenth or beginning of the seventeenth centuries by 'Lewis Johnes', who added his name on ff. 16, xlvv, xlvi and inside rear cover. He also added pen trials and Welsh poetry to the sixteen preliminary blank leaves. The poems include an early cywydd attributed to Siôn Tudur (c. 1522-1602) (ff. 9 verso-10), a text seemingly first attested in Cardiff MS 2.114 of 1564-5, see Enid Roberts, Gwaith Siôn Tudur (Caerdydd, 1980) I, 672; an incomplete cywydd, attributed elsewhere to Gruffudd ab Ieuan ap Llywelyn Fychan (c. 1485-1553) (f. 12); and a series of 37 englynion of gnomic type, each beginning with 'Eira mynydd ...' (ff. 5 verso-9). These englynion are not among those appearing in Oxford Jesus College MS 111 (Llyfr Coch Hergest), col. 1028-9 (see Kenneth Jackson, Early Welsh Gnomic Poems, Cardiff, 1935, 22-6), and their form and contents suggest that they are later-dating imitations of the genre, seemingly unattested. The name of Lewis Johnes (or Jones), again in a late sixteenth- or early seventeenth-century hand, also appears in the first part of NLW MS 5283B (pp. 7, 98, 119, 126, 161, 166 and 170), a collection of cywyddau, mostly written in his hand, which begins with the above-mentioned poem attributed to Siôn Tudur. Johnes' legal connection, exemplified by his ownership of the Decretales, may also be reflected in the legal script which he adopts when writing his name on pp. 98 & 126 of this manuscript, a volume which also bears the names of Evan Johnes (p. 166), Hughe Johnes (p. 55) and Harry Jones (pp. 13, 43, 88, 140), possibly kinsmen.

Gregory IX, Pope, ca. 1170-1241.

Llyfr englynion Gellilyfdy

A manuscript entitled 'Llyfr Sion ap Wiliam ap Sion o Englynion' (p. 1), being a collection of englynion compiled between 1605 (p. 78) and 1618 (p. 872) by John Jones, Gellilyfdy, Flintshire.

Jones, John, Gellilyfdy, ca. 1585-1657/8

Cywyddau

  • NLW MS 16130D.
  • File
  • 1958

Copi ffotostat, 1958, o lawysgrif yng nghasgliad teulu Cotton, Combermere (ZCR 74/190), yn archifdy swydd Caer, yn cynnwys cywyddau a ysgrifennwyd mewn sawl llaw ar ddiwedd yr unfed ganrif-ar-bymtheg. = A photostat facsimile, 1958, of a manuscript held among the Cotton family of Combermere manuscripts (ZCR 74/190) at the Cheshire County Record Office, containing cywyddau written in several hands at the end of the sixteenth century.
Cyfansoddwyd y cywyddau, [1320x?1580], gan Siôn Phylip (f. 1), Simwnt Fychan (f. 21), Wiliam Cynwal (ff. 6, 28), Rhys Cain (ff. 10, 20), Siôn Tudur (ff. 12, 16, 33, 34, 42), Wiliam Llŷn (f. 25), Lewis ab Edward ('Lewis Meirchion', f. 36), Siôn Cent (ff. 32, 40), Iolo Goch (f. 46), Gruffudd Hiraethog (f. 48), a rhai beirdd anhysbys. = The cywyddau were composed, [1320x?1580], by Siôn Phylip (f. 1), Simwnt Fychan (f. 21), Wiliam Cynwal (ff. 6, 28), Rhys Cain (ff. 10, 20), Siôn Tudur (ff. 12, 16, 33, 34, 42), Wiliam Llŷn (f. 25), Lewis ab Edward ('Lewis Meirchion', f. 36), Siôn Cent (ff. 32, 40), Iolo Goch (f. 46), Gruffudd Hiraethog (f. 48), and a few unidentified poets.

Llyfr Cywyddau ac Arfau Wiliam Cynwal

A manuscript containing holograph cywyddau by Wiliam Cynwal written between 1572 (f. 6) and his death in 1588. The poems are accompanied by illustrations of their subjects' coats of arms.

Cynwal, Wiliam, -1587 or 1588

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents (notes, extracts, lists, jottings, transcripts, etc.) are extremely varied and cover a multiplicity of topics. Included are notes or lists with the superscriptions 'Deg Rhan ymadrodd' (38), 'Llyma gof a son am gadeiriau prydyddion Morganwg a chof amcan eu hamserau' (72-3), 'Anecdotes of Merthyr' (83-4), 'Customs in Glam[organ]' (86-7), 'Rhywiau cerdd dafod parth arbenigrwyd[d] ansodd' (113), 'Llafar Gorsedd B[eirdd] Y[nys] P[rydain] yng nghadair Morganwg' (128-30), 'Trees that will flourish near the sea' (249), 'Llyma enwau'r llefydd lle arferai Feirdd Morganwg gynnal eisteddfod a Chadair' (252), 'Trees to be intermixed with fruit trees in an orchard' (264), 'Proper trees to [be] planted in an orchard' (265), 'Enwau Cymreig ar afalau ym Morganwg' (266-72), 'Enwau Gellyg Ynghymraeg' ( 275-6), 'Enwau Eirin a Phlemys ym Morganwg' (277-8), 'The names of the Norman Peers of Glamorgan and the names of their Castles. . .' (293), '[Names of the] months [in] Armoric [and] Cornish' (313), 'Rhif Carennydd' ( 340), 'List of Publications on the inconsistency of War with the Christian Religion' with comments ? by Edward Williams on the church and war (363-70 ), 'Ex Old Vocabulary at Hafod' (388), 'Hints for the Dissertation on the Welsh Language' (389-?90), 'Llymma son am Eisteddfod Beirdd a Phrydyddion a fu ym Marchwiail ym Maelor' (mention of 'eisteddfodau' held at Gwern y Cleppa, Marchwiail, and Baglan) (396-8), and 'Cyfarwydd am Dri Brodyr Marchwial' (mention of the same three 'eisteddfodau') (398-400); notes, sometimes very brief, on 'cynghanedd' (34), early Christianity in Britain ( 40), the use of the bardic alphabet amongst the Welsh for teaching purposes temp. Henry IV (42), the 'chair of Tir Iarll' (69 + 71), the original home of the Cymmry, i.e. Defrobani (119), weather conditions in March 1811 (175), the Welsh language (181-2), Pythagoras (188), 'englynion' (189), the Essenes (197), Druids (197), Druids and bards amongst the Celtic peoples (207-13), materials used as writing surfaces in ancient and medieval times with mention of a few medieval libraries (213-15), the Druids of Britain and Gaul (216-33), mortar making, garden terracing, and fruit planting (245-6), Welsh culinary recipes (247-9), brick making (254), the growing of trees and fruit near the coast in Glamorgan (262-3), Welsh metrical measures (279), Castletown house [co. Glamorgan] (283), the family of Berkrolles (302), and 'y Ford Gronn' (401); transcripts of Welsh poems including 'cywyddau' attributed to Dafydd ap Edmwnd and Gruff. ab Ifan ab Llywelyn Fychan, an incomplete poem (stanzas 1 and part of 2 missing) attributed to Thos. Llen. o Regoes, and part of a 'cywydd' attributed to Dafydd Alaw (95-109), a 'cywydd' attributed to Siôn Dafydd Rhys (255-6), and an 'englyn' attributed to Daf. Llwyd Bryn Llyfrith (309); transcripts of English verse including ? a translation from the Welsh with the superscription 'A prophecy by Thomas ap Evan ap Rhys in the time of Edw[ar]d the VI' (47-8), twenty-two stanzas entitled 'The Welsh Batchelor' s wish' attributed to the Revd. Mr. Christ. Roberts of St. Athan (289-92), and ten stanzas ? from . . . Bulmer: Pleasantness of Religion (307); miscellaneous items including miscellaneous triads (151-4), ? a draft of a title-page for an anthology of Welsh verse to be called Y Bardd Teulu (147 ), a draft of a prefatory letter, 1796, by Edward Williams to a proposed volume containing an anthology of Welsh prose and verse items, material relating to Welsh bardism, etc. (157-8), an incomplete triad re the 'bardd teulu' (196), a plan of the layout of a dwelling house with orchards, kitchen gardens, fruit gardens, etc. (274), historical anecdotes relating to the lordship and county of Glamorgan reputedly from a manuscript 'of the late William Roberts of St. Athan' (293-8), a list, with examples, of twenty classical metrical feet (306), a genealogical table showing descendants of Iestin, lord of Morgannwg (415-16), biographical notes on members of the Stradling family to the late sixteenth century ? from [ British Museum] Harleian MS 368 (417-22), and a plan of a stone circle 'at Field Marshal Conway's . . . near Henly upon Thames' (429); and extracts from a variety of printed sources including Cambrian, March 1819 ( Welsh speaking Indians) (131), The Monthly Review, February 1819 (132 + 134), the works of [Isaac] Watts (135-?43), . . . Priestley: Tablet of Memory (159-?74), Cambrian, September 1819 (a proposal 'to obtain an Act of Parliament for making and maintaining a Pier and Harbour at Newton in the Parish of Newton Nottage [co. Glamorgan]', etc. (281), [W. Wotton: Cyfreithjeu Hywel Dda . . ., London, 1730] (relating mainly to the Welsh bards) (343-52) and the Ecclesiastical Review, January 1817 (359-62). Interspersed throughout the volume are lists or groups of miscellaneous Welsh words sometimes with English definitions, proverbs, grammatical or etymological notes, poetic extracts, and other miscellanea. In some instances the blank verso or margins of the following have been utilised for writing notes - an undated holograph letter from Mr. Dunn from St. Athans to Ed. Williams, Flemingstone, re materials for the tomb of the writer's mother (in third person) (185-6, 199-200), copies of a printed circular, 16 August 1820, appealing for subscriptions towards the completion of a Unitarian chapel at Merthyr Tydfil, copies of a printed 'advertisement' and 'proposals' for publishing Edward Williams's two volumes of English verse Poems Lyric and Pastoral in 1792, a folded sheet containing a copy of a Welsh poem entitled 'Canwyll gogan y Cymru' attributed to 'Siôn ?Flay o Bentre'r Lai' (284-5, 300-01), a holograph letter, 30 September 1818, from G. Birley, Methodist Chapel, Cardiff, to Edw[ar]d Williams (forwarding a copy of the first volume of [John Hughes:] Horae Britannicae at the author's request) (315-16, 333-4), a copy of a printed circular, 6 December 1802, announcing literary competitions to be held under the auspices of the Gwyneddigion Society (320 + 329), and an undated holograph letter from Edward Williams to John Llewelyn, esq., Penlle'r Gaer [co. Glamorgan], concerning recipient's 'usual benefaction' to the writer (379-82).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Barddoniaeth, achau a nodiadau,

A transcript by John Thomas ('Sion Wyn o Eifion') of cywyddau and other poems by Robin Ddu, Rhys Goch Eryri, Iolo Goch, Tudur Aled, Dafydd Gorlech, Dafydd Llwyd ap Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Dafydd ap Hwlcyn ap Madog, Rhys Llwyd ap Rhys, Maredudd ap Rhys, Mathew Owen, Edward Morus and Sion Lleyn; the manuscript also contains triads, genealogies, 'Breiniau Gwŷr Arfon', 'Meddygon Myddfai', 'geirlyfr William Lleyn', etc.

Barddoniaeth,

A volume containing transcripts, [c. 1931], by Owain Llewelyn Owain of poems by Siôn Prisiart (Siôn o'r Garth), Gwerful Mechain, Huw Morys and others, including carols and occasional verse copied from manuscripts in the possession of the transcriber's father, Hugh Owen, Tal-y-sarn, and englynion copied from gravestones at Llanfachreth churchyard, Merionethshire.

Owain Llewelyn Owain.

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