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Dafydd ap Gwilym, active 14th century
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Adysgrifau 'Manoethwy',

A composite volume of transcripts in the hand of Owen Jones ('Manoethwy'). The contents include 'cywyddau', 'awdlau', 'englynion', 'carolau' and 'cerddi' by Ifan Tew Brydydd, Hari ap Howel alias Harri Hir, Wiliam Cynwal, Sion Tudur, Morus Dwyfech, Gruffudd Hiraethog, Sr. Dafydd Llwyd Ysgolhaig, Llywelyn ap Gytyn, Guto'r Glyn, Hywel D'd Bevan ap Rhys ('o Sir Fon'), Rhydderch ap Sion, Dafydd Nanmor, Rhys Goch o Eryri, Huw Arwystl, Morys ap Ifan ap Einion ('Morus Dwyfach Medd MS arall') Sr. Dafydd Trefor ('Dr. John Kent ... Medd MSS M.P.', 'Sion Dafydd Trefor ... Medd MSS L.O.'), Howel ap Reinalld, Mredydd ap Rhys, Gruffudd D'd ap Howel, Rhisiart ap Howel Da 'Beinion, Bedo Phylip Bach ('Rhai a ddywaid mae Deio ap I'n Du ai Cant... '), Huw Pennant, Sion y Kent, Lewis Glyn Cothi, Edward Maelor '('Mae'n debig mae Edward ap Rhys Maelor ydyw Hwn... '), Dafydd ap Gwilim, Iolo Goch, Simwnt Vychan, Sr. Huw Jones ('Vicar Llanfair ynyffryn Clwyd'), Tudur Aled, Dafydd Llwyd ap Llew ap Gruff., Sion Brwynog, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Taliesyn Aneurin G[wawdrydd], Maer Glas ('medd rhai'), Robin Ddu, Owain Twna, Dafydd Gorllech, Ifan Brydydd Hir, Edward [ap Rhys], Ie : Dyfi, Llywelyn ap Owain, Thomas Prys ('o Blasiolyn Esquire'), Edmund Prys, G[ruffydd] Philip, W. Elias (1730), Owain Gruffydd, Gruffydd Nannau (1654), Owain Gwynedd, Thomas Owen (1730), William Llyn, Tudur Penllyn, Huw Kae Llwyd, Llywelyn Goch Amheurig Hen, Edward Davies (Rhiwlas), Rich. Abram, Moris ab Evan ab David, Cadwaladr Roberts (ab Robert), Dafydd ab Sienkin, Richard [Davies] ('Esgob Dewi'), Ragiar [sic] Kyffin, Huw Morys, Arthur Jones (1734), Mathew Owain, Ellis Cadwaladr, Moris Rhobert ('o Sir Feirionydd'), Thomas Davies ('o Sir Drefaldwyn'), Robert Cadwalad[r] ('o Blwy Pennant'), Richd. Thomas D'd ('o Sir Fon'), Richard Ffoulkes, John Edwards, John Hughes, Moris ab Evan ap Dafydd ('o Lanoge'), Sion Ffoulke, Sion ab William Griffith ('o Lanfihangel ... '), Sion Phylip, G[ruffudd] Leiaf, D. Sion, W[iliam] Phylip, Rhisiart Philyp, H. ab Evan, [John Davies] 'Sion Davydd Las', Lewis Owain, Morgan Dafydd, Edwart Morris and Robert Klidro, and anonymous poems; 'englynion', etc. by contemporary poets, largely of the Richards (Darowen) circle of friends e.g. John Evans ('Ioan Maelor'), W[alte]r Davies ('Gwallter Mechain'),' R[ober]t Davies ['Bardd Nantglyn'], 'G. Brwynog', R[owland] P[arry] (Carndochan), H. K. (1851), Phoebe neu Eunice Jones (Llynlleifiad), [Peter Jones] 'Pedr Fardd', [William Edwards] 'Gwilym Padarn', [Morris Jones] 'Meurig Idris' and J. Blackwell ('Alun'), and anonymous poems; 'Sidanen Or a Song in Praise of the Glorious Queen Elizabeth' by Edward ap Rhys Wynne ap William Prys of Clygyrog, 'The meritorious gratulation of Esqr. Strangways to Llangedwyn ...' by John Davies, and anonymous English poems; prose texts, in some cases two copies, of 'Tri thlws ar ddeg o Frenindlysau Ynys Brydain ... ', 'Drygioni Medd'dod', 'Dewis bethau Howel lygad Cwsg', 'Trws'neiddrwydd Gruffydd ap Adda ap D'd', 'Achau Llewelyn ap Gruffydd y Tywysog diwaethaf o'r Cymru', 'Ymddiddanion ffraethion Cynhengras a fu rhwng y Pawn bach o Wickwair yn y Rhôs Is Conwy a Gwgon o Gaer Einion y Mhowys. A elwir yn gyffredin Araith Wgon', 'Cronigl Cymru a Lloy(e)gr yn amgyffred fal y treuthir isod' (with an additional 'narration' by Rice Jones), 'Taliesin a'i traethodd', 'Rhwng Merddin a Gwenddydd ei chwaer' and 'Merddin a Gwenddydd', 'The Most noted Poems in Mr Bulkeley of Brynddu's Collection' (now NLW MS832); 'An account of the wages paid the workemen for raissing a fence upon Ceiriog under Pentre gwyn a Tenem[en]t of the Hond. John Myddelton Esqr.', with a covering letter from Richd. Ffoulkes (transcribed from Cwrtmawr MS 222, p. 57v.); a power of attorney from Oliv[er] Thomas, Shrewsbury, yeoman to John Thomas Rees, Llanymowthwey, Merioneth, yeoman, 1674 (original in Cwrtmawr MS 222, p. 61) and a letter relating thereto from Robert Vaughan, Salop to John Thomas Rees (original in Cwrtmawr MS74, No. 3); records of the births and baptisms, 1712-33 [at Llansilin], of the children of Richard Ffoulkes (original in Cwrtmawr MS 222, p. 60v); transcripts of fifty-nine letters of Walter Davies ('Gwallter Mechain'), 1793-1831 and undated, largely addressed to Thomas Richards at Berriew and Llangynyw; a prospectus, 1793, of 'Celtic Remains' in two volumes, the first by 'the Late Lewis Morris Esq.' and the second by Walter Davies, All-Souls College, Oxford; letters largely to Thomas Richards, Berriew and Llangynyw or David Richards ('Dewi Silin') from Peter Bayley Williams, Llanrug, 1828, John Jones ('Tegyd'), Christ Church, Oxford, 1819-22 and undated, W[illiam van Mildert] bishop of Llandaff, 1822, D. Davies, Chester, 1825, Wm. Owen Pughe, London, 1812-19, Ebenezer Thomas ('Eben Fardd'), Llangybi, 1824, Robt. Parry ('Robyn Ddu Eryri'), 1824 and undated, Tho. Jones, Long Acre, London, 1825, W. Owen ('Eos Glan Hafren'), Newtown, 1824, John Roberts, Tremeirchion, 1822, Robt. Davies ['Bardd Nantglyn'], 1825 and undated, and A[neurin] Owen, [Nantglyn], 1821; a list of titles and first couplets of the poems of Dafydd ap Gwilym; 'Llyma henwe y 24 brenin or brutanied... ' (originally from a manuscript of William Thomas, Llanallgo). Inset at the end of the volume are transcripts of Montgomeryshire pedigrees, etc. Much of the material in the volume has been transcribed from other volumes now in the Cwrtmawr Collection (e.g. MSS 200, 222, 242 and 243) and there are references to such sources as 'un o lyfrau Maesglas Mallwyd' (transcribed in 1857) (p. 269), a manuscript in the hand of Robert Arthur (p. 342), 'Llyfr ym meddiant Lowri Jones' (p. 380), etc. A note pasted on the inside of the upper cover states 'This Vol. was copied by Owen Jones (brother of Myrddin Fardd) from a MS Vol. ... in the handwriting of Lewis Morris [Cwrtmawr MS 200] now at Bryntanad, Llanerfyl Montgomerys[hire] (Richards) E. Breese'. Owen Jones was for a short time a private tutor at BrynTanad (see The Dictionary of Welsh Biography). The spine is lettered 'Mannoethwy MSS'.

Agriculture, etc.,

A volume containing miscellaneous notes, observations, extracts from printed sources, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'), the contents, with the exception of a few literary and other items, relating almost entirely to agriculture, horticulture, botany, rural economy, and associated topics. The contents of pp. 1-252, pagination in brackets, include, inter alia, notes on the following topics, viz. sowing of haws to produce shrubs (22-5), methods of constructing hedges in Glamorgan and the various trees and shrubs which could be used for this purpose (25-31), potato planting (31), fruits in Glamorgan orchards (32-3), mazard cherry trees, chestnut trees, and wild apples (34), ancient lime quarries and marl pits on Pentrebain farm [co. Glamorgan] and the use of lime and marl as manure (35-41), and inclosing, ? in co. Glamorgan, by means of hedges and the consequent 'stair' or 'terrace' pattern to be found on 'rising grounds or uplands of easy ascent' (41-3); examples of varying courses or rotations of crops in relation to varying types of lands with notes on manuring, dressing of soil, etc., the courses being grouped as 'Old Vale Courses' and 'Gower Courses' and all presumably being related to conditions in co. Glamorgan (45-81); a note on references to types of yokes used in Wales (82); miscellaneous notes (83-8); a note on the planting of 'slips and cuttings of apple trees' in Devon and ? the Vale of Glamorgan (88-9); comments on the use of small coal-or coal slack by a Mr. Crawshay as a fertiliser (90-93); a brief comment on dissenting meeting houses in co. Glamorgan and a list of '[Glamorgan] Churches in the Mountains' (93-4); agricultural miscellanea (95-100); notes on mazard cherry trees and on the medicinal uses of salt (100-01); a list of three 'Norfolk course[s] adopted by some in Glam[organ]' (102); agricultural miscellanea (117-22); notes on 'Fish in Daw River', 'Sea fish at Aberthaw', and 'Lakes [in Glamorgan] affording fish' (122-5); a section headed 'Abstract view of Glamorgan' containing brief general observations on the soil, crops, geology, fish (in rivers and the Severn sea), landscape, seashore, appearance of villages and cottages, roads, bridges, the need for monthly markets, etc., in the county (126-31); a note on the construction of board fences for the cultivation of fruit (132); notes on references in written sources (all pre-1600) to the following in connection with Glamorgan-the existence or non-existence of inclosures, the existence of orchards and apple trees, the activities of Sir Gilbert de Clare, lord of Glamorgan, late 13th cent., in building two thousand cottages for the poor, his further activities in building village houses the upper appartments of which consisted of halls previously used for holding courts, markets, dances, etc., and then, ? in the late 18th cent., for keeping school, holding dances, meetings of benefit societies, Methodist meetings, etc., and William Herbert (Earl of Pembroke)'s action, temp. Henry VIII, in sending to France and Flanders for fruit and vegetables to restock gardens and orchards-the writers referred to including Dafydd ap Gwilym, [John] Leland, Rhys Meyrig, Ieuan ap Hywel Swrdwal, and Rhys Brydydd, and the unnamed author of 'a Ms. History in Welsh of the Lords Marchers of Glam[organ]' allegedly written in the time of Queen Mary (133-8); a list of twelve points of advantage afforded by mountainous as opposed to flat country (140-42); notes re the pruning of trees (143); notes re the saddling of cows as well as oxen to carry manure and the yoking of cows, oxen, and horses for the plough with three illustrations relating to horse yokes (144-6); comments on the possible use of coal or coal slack for manuring, experimentation in manuring, the nature of peat or bog, composts of coal or peat with lime or lime and ashes, etc. (148-55); notes relating to [rural] poverty, parish relief, and the system of parish work-houses, new proposals for a system of communal parish houses of industry 'adapted to the vale of Glamorgan or any other place where the inhabitants live in villages rather than in detached farmhouses', suggestions re free education for the children of cottagers who did not seek parish assistance in schools set up for three or four parishes and having a schoolmaster paid thirty pounds a year, proposals for holding harvest dinners, vestry meetings, and parochial markets in the hall of the parochial house of industry, and suggestions as to general principles to be observed in awarding parochial assistance which should be 'a reward in some degree at least for something meritorious' (160-75); (continued)

Brief agricultural, botanical, etc., notes headed 'Excursion to Merthyr Tidvil, May 6th 1813' (205); brief agricultural and other observations relating to certain mountains in co. Glamorgan, with a brief reference to the cessation of the iron trade in Merthyr, Aberdare, and Tredegar (206); notes relating to the nature of ? mountain soils in Glamorgan and to the manuring and dressing of soils (209-12); notes relating to crop husbandry headed 'Norfolk soils and husbandry' (213-18); and agricultural and botanical data and comments including extracts from, or notes based upon sections of, [Arthur] Young [: The Farmer's] Calendar, [Benjamin] Stillingfleet [:The] Calendar of Flora, etc. (225-45). P. 253 is inscribed 'Contents of the Agricultural Survey of the County of Glamorgan by Edward Williams 1796' and is followed on pp. 255-76 by a list of some fifty-six subject or chapter headings such as 'Geography of the County in General', 'Coal and Iron Tract', 'Metals', 'Sea Coast and Harbours . . .', 'Agricultural Produce', 'Farm Buildings', 'Implements', 'Population . . .', 'Manufactures and Trades', etc., these presumably being the main divisions of the survey referred to on p. 253. Some of these headings are accompanied by a list of the titles of sub-sections of the main heading, these in some instances amounting to over twenty in number. P. 254 contains a list of the titles of nine appendices which, presumably, were to be added to the survey. The contents of pp. 277-307 again relate mainly to agriculture, horticulture, forestry, and botany, and include extracts from, or notes based on sections of, The Transactions of the London Society for the encouragement of Arts . . ., 1798, Memoirs of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, vol. V, [William] Marshall: [The] Rural Economy of the West of England, [John] Boys: [General] View of the Agriculture of the County of Kent, and [William Beeston] Coyte: Hortus Botanicus Gippovicensis. Pp. 308-24 contain material of a literary nature including transcripts of the eighteen-stanza poem entitled 'The Exile' from [Matthew Gregory] Lewis's novel The Monk, and of sonnets, etc., from Charles Lloyd: Poems on the death of Priscilla Farmer, [Mary] Robinson: Sappho and Phaon, and Brooke Boothby: Sorrows. Sacred to the Memory of Penelope, notices of books published circa 1795-1797, and brief extracts from, or brief notes on reviews of, some of these works. From p. 325 to p. 412 the contents again relate mainly to agriculture, horticulture, rural economy, and associated topics, and consist largely of extracts from, or notes based on sections of, [William] Marshall: The Rural Economy of the Midland Counties (325-?45), [John] Billingsley [: General View of the Agriculture of the County of] Somerset (353-68), [John] Clark [: General View of the Agriculture of the County of Brecknock] (369-71), and [Arthur] Young: Tour in Wales from the Annals of Agriculture, vol. 8 (385-400, with interpolations by E[dward] W[illiams]). P. 413 is headed 'Mehefin 23. Treigl o Aberhonddi hyd Drecastell' and pp.413-28 contain notes and observations in Welsh on agriculture, forestry, etc., appertaining to the area [of co. Brecknock] specified in the heading to p. 413 and also of more general relevance. Pp. 429-64 contain a brief note on the marketing of Glamorgan cattle (429); an extract from [Arthur] Young: Annals of Agriculture, vol. 32 relating to an experiment in ploughing with three different breeds of oxen, a note by E[dward] Williams on the same three breeds of oxen, and a note relating to long-legged cattle and attempts to change characteristics by cross-breeding (429-32); notes headed 'Dairy and tillage farm in Gower' (433-5); a course of crops for light soils (435); a note on Eglwysilan [co. Glamorgan] downs sheep and a wool 'manufactory' established at Caerphilly (436); a brief note re Dorsetshire sheep (436); historical notes based upon the recollections of John Spencer of Sarce [co . ], born circa 1710, relating to the introduction of clover, trefoil, rye-grass, and turnips [into Glamorgan] and to certain liming practices in the said county (437-8); a historical note, again originating from a John Spencer, relating to Aberthaw harbour [co. Glamorgan] (439); geological notes relating to petrification in white limestone, rag or grey lias, coal mines, ironstone veins, flag lias, etc., ? in co. Glamorgan (445-7); further historical notes based partly if not entirely upon the recollections of Mr. Spencer of Sarce aforesaid, ob. 1802 aged 88, relating to the introduction of clover, trefoil, rye-grass, and turnips, and of a new system of liming into Glamorgan, and to cropping and liming practices in that county (451-4 + 456); an extract from [Nathaniel] Kent: [General] View of the Agriculture of [the County of] Norfolk concerning cropping courses (455); and a further historical note, again based on information from John Spencer, relating to the aforementioned port of Aberthaw and its trade (457-8).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

'Amrywiaethau',

A volume entitled 'Amrywiaethau' on the spine, and 'Amrywion sev o gynnulliad Idrison' [i.e. William Owen-Pughe] on the fly-leaf. The contents, a miscellaneous collection of prose and poetry, include: pp. 1-8, four 'cywyddau' attributed to Dafydd ap Gwilym and others; pp. 9-10, 'Can y Mai, ar fesur Awdlgywydd o waith Gwilym Tew, medd Llyfr Lewys Hopkyn'; pp. 11-14, a transcript of 'Annerch-lythr Gronwy Owain Len at William Elias o Blâs y Glyn, Llanfwrog ym Môn', dated at Donnington, 30 Nov. 1751; pp. 15-17, English translation by W[illiam] O[wen-Pughe] of a poem by Taliesin entitled 'Gwaith Gwenystrad', and of another (pp. 18-21) beginning: 'Teithi edmygant yn Nyffryn Garant . . .'; pp. 22-25, an incomplete transcript of 'Gorhoffet Gwalchmei'; pp. 32-34, 'Emyn Ambros ac Awstin, yr hwn a elwir y Te Deum o gyfieithiad Dafydd ddu o Hiraddug'; p. 35, 'Darneb yn iaith Phoenicia yn Llythyrenau Seisnig'; p. 36, part of the tale of Manawydan fab Llyr (cf. Ifor Williams, Pedeir Keinc y Mabinogi (Caerdydd, 1951), t. 52); pp. 37-40, 'Memorandums from Whartons History of English Poetry'; p. 41, 'Enwau Duw', Hebrew terms for God with Welsh equivalents; p. 42, a further Hebrew-Welsh vocabulary; p. 43, a note concerning Edward Williams ['Iolo Morganwg'], Edward Evan of Aberdare (ob. 1798) and their knowledge of 'Cyfrinach y Beirdd'; p. 44, 'tribannau' attributed to Sion Rhys o Ystrad Dyvodwg and Ed. William o Lantrisaint (cf. Tegwyn Jones, Tribannau Morgannwg (Llandysul, 1976), no. 334); pp. 45-50, 'Awdyl Cyflafan y Beirdd, Testyn Dinbych - 1792', beginning 'Deffro duedd dew ffrwd awen - o'th fedd . . .' by ?B.C.; pp. 53-55, a copy of a letter dated at London, 1 Oct. 1788, from William Owen to Mr. George Riveley, Portsmouth in Virginia; pp. 59-63, 'Hymn to Narayena' by Sir William Jones, beginning 'Spirit of spirits, who, thro' every part . . .'; pp. 64-66, copy of a letter written by [William Owen-Pughe] from London, 22 April 1789, recipient uncited; pp. 67-71, copy of a letter from William Owen [- Pughe] to Thomas Pennant, esq., dated 22 April 1789; p. 73, a remedy for a cold; p. 75, extract from a poem, 'the Pleasures of Memory', beginning 'The father strew'd his white hairs in the wind . . .'; pp. 77-79, a prose translation of 'Ymbil ar Ddwynwen . . .' (see Barddoniaeth Dafydd ab Gwilym (Llundain, 1789), t. 154) entitled 'The Invocation of Saint Dwynwen '; pp. 83-85, transcript of a letter from J. G. Boccius, dated at Leipzig, 19 Oct. 1793, to [William Owen-Pughe], followed by a list of Wendish words with Latin equivalents; pp. 85-88, transcript of a letter from Dr. [Carl Gottlieb] Anton, dated at Gorliz in Ober Lausiz, 2 Aug. [17]94, written in French (for the original see NLW MS 13223C, p. 145); pp. 88-95, copy of a letter written by W[illiam] O[wen-Pughe] from London, 20 Jan. 1796, in reply to Dr. Anton's letter; pp. 96-98, 'Song to May', a translation of pp. 9-10 above; pp. 101-06, transcript of a letter dated 15 April 1800 from E[dward] Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', to [Owen Jones], 'Owain Myvyr'; pp. 107- 116 & 119-120, transcript of another letter from the same to the same, dated at Flimston, 17 June 1800; (continued)

p. 117, memoranda, 1800, recording the death and burial of various members of the Owen family; pp. 121-36, transcript of a letter from 'Iolo Morganwg' to 'Owain Myvyr', dated at Cardiff, 6 Oct. 1800; p. 139, the dates of death of four relatives and acquaintances of William Owen [-Pughe]; p. 141, lines dated 29 Dec. 1830 by Ro[bert] Davies, 'Bardd Nantglyn', beginning 'Y llwdn hwq, and nid o ddig . . .'; pp. 143-5, 'Cywydd i Vordeyrn sant yn Nantglyn' beginning 'Y sant nevol addolwn . . .', attributed to Davydd ab Llywelyn ab Madog, transcribed by 'Idrison' at Egryn, 18 March 1833; p. 147, a list of 'Correspondent words'; pp. 149-150, notes by 'Idrison' on the cure of 'Davaden Wyllt (Cancer)' dated 14 Feb. 1834; p. 339, note of financial loans and gifts made to [William Owen-Pughe], 1796-98; pp. 411-40, a narrative beginning 'Ac Elphin á gymmeres y Gôd, ac ai bwris hi ar gevn un o'i veirç mewn cawell . . .', said to be 'O Lyvyr Iolo Morganwg . . . Gwaith Hopcin Tho. Phylip o Varganwg [sic] o gylç 1370'; pp. 444-46, 'Profwydoliaeth Llywelyn Vawr (o'r Brithdir meddir)', beginning 'Mae hen goelion yn ein gwlid . . .'; pp. 447-85, a series of 'Coronog Faban' poems and prophecies, variously attributed to Aneurin Gwawdrydd, Jonas Athraw Mynyw, Rhys Gog o Eryri, and Gildas Brofwyd (pp. 459-63 contain a copy of observations by 'Iolo Morganwg' on the preceding 'Coronog Faban' poems); pp. 486-88, 'Llyma englynion Marçwiail, o lyvyr Havod Uçtryd : ei enw Hen ddihenydd', beginning 'Marçwiail bedw briglas . . .', attributed to Mabclav ab Llywarrq; PP- 489-9o, 'Gweddi Taliesin', beginning 'Gweddiav Dduw Dâd . . .'; pp. 491-93, 'Llyma Gerdd y Bardd Glas o'r Gadair "o Lyvyr Joseph Jones o Gaer Dyv, à ysgrivenwyd cylç 1590." Iolo Morganwg', beginning 'Deg gormes caredvorion . . .'; pp. 494-97, 'Llyma Englynion a vuant rwng Caradawg Llan Carvan a Gwgan Varvawg o Lan Dathan, o'r un Llyvyr', beginning 'Gwgan Varvawg, hanpyç gwell! . . .'; pp. 497-502, 'englynion' attributed to Gwgan Varvawg o Landathan alias Gwgan Vardd alias Gwgan Vardd Iestyn; p. 503, 'Hen vesurau, sev Englynion gan Gwydion ab Don: o Lyvyr y Mabinogi yn Llyvyrgell Mostyn', beginning 'Dâr á dyv yn arddväes . . . '; pp. 504-06, 'Llyma Awdyl à gânt Teilaw sant', beginning 'Govynawd ysgen . . .', attributed thus: 'Teilaw Sant ai cant pan ydoedd yn myned i Ynys Enlli: O Lyvyr Harri Sion o Bont y Pwl'; p. 506, two verses entitled 'Llythyr Merq at ei Çariad' and 'Atteb y Mab'; pp. 507-10, 'Llyma' r Bader yn Gymbraec: o Lyvyr Havod Uçtryd', beginning 'Yn Tat ni yr hwn wyt yn y Nef . . .'; pp. 511-12, 'Englynion ar enwau Duw: gwaith Sion y Cent: o Lyvyr Wm. Rhosser', beginning 'Duw Tri, Duw Celi coelion, Dav, Eli , . . .'; and pp. 592-3, 595, & 597, notes, 1800-03, & 1808 by [William Owen-Pughe]. Certain of the above items appear to have been published in The Myvyrian Archaiology and the volume Iolo MSS. Pasted in at the end of the volume are a few loose items including notes on ancient alphabets, etc., dated 1821; a tune with words in ?Hebrew and Welsh based on Ps. 115, 1; a receipt dated 20 June 1793 for 5 guineas, being the admission fee to the Society of Antiquaries of London of William Owen [-Pughe]; and a copy of printed proposals to publish Pethagoras; or, The Hindoo's Researches.

William Owen-Pughe.

Barddoniaeth

Fragments of manuscripts containing 'awdlau', 'cywyddau,' 'englynion', and 'penillion' by some of the Cynfeirdd and Gogynfeirdd and by Dafydd ab Gwilym, Dafydd Edwards ('or Bistog') Morys ab Edwart, Sion Phylip, Capt. Wm. Salisbury, Ieuan Llwyd Sieffre, Rowland Vaughan, and Ellis Sutton.

Barddoniaeth

A seventeenth century transcript of 'cywyddau' by Rhys ap Rhys, Ieuan Brechfa, Syr Dafydd Trefor, Tudur Aled, Lew[y]s Môn, Siôn Tudur, Gruffudd Hiraethog, Huw Talai, Ieuan ap Hywel Swrdwal, Dafydd ap Hywel ab Ieuan Fychan, Ieuan Deulwyn, Robin Ddu, Deio ab Ieuan Du, Mathew Brwmffild, Guto'r Glyn, Lewis Glyn Cothi, Rhys Degannwy, Dafydd Nanmor, Gruffudd ap Gronw Gethin ('o lanvair talhayarn'), Wiliam Llŷn, Syr Owain ap Gwilym, Lew[y]s Morganwg (Llywelyn ap Rhisiart), Llawdden, Ieuan Gyfannedd, Dafydd Baentiwr, Gruffudd Gryg, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Dafydd ab Edmwnd, Gutun Owain and Dafydd Cowper.

Barddoniaeth

'Cywyddau', etc., by Sion Tudur, Gruffudd Hiraethog, Rhys Cain, Wiliam Llŷn, Ieuan Dew Brydydd, Mastr Harri ('nai ir dywededig Ievan tew'), Gruffudd ab Ieuan ap Llywelyn Fychan, Tudur Aled, Lewis Môn, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Dafydd Nanmor, Maredudd ap Rhys, Sion ap Hywel, Sion Phylip, Gutun Owain, Llawdden, Lewis Glyn Cothi, Morys Cyfiin, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Syr Dafydd Trefor, Robin Clidro, Iolo Goch, Sion Cent, Llywelyn Goch ap Meurig Hen, Bedo Aeddren, Dafydd ab Edmwnd, etc.

Barddoniaeth

'Llyfr Cowyddeu i Mr. William Wynn o Langoed yn sir fon'. 'Y Llyfr hwnn a scrifennodd William Davies Curat or plwy yn y flwyddyn o oedran yr Arglwydd: 1642'. It contains 'cywyddau', 'awdlau', and 'englynion' by Sion Cent, Iolo Goch, Syr Owain ap Gwilym, Syr Dafydd Trefor, Sion Phylip, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Ieuan ap Gruffudd Leiaf, Dafydd Nanmor, Llywelyn ap Hywel ab Ieuan ap Gronw, Edmwnd Prys, Huw Cowrnwy, Dafydd ap Dafydd Llwyd, Maredudd ap Rhys, Gruffudd Llwyd ap Dafydd ab Einion, Sianckyn ab Eingan, Llywelyn ab yr Ynad Coch, Sion Tudur, Morys ap Hywel ap Tudur, Sion ap Hywel ap Llywelyn Fychan, Huw Roberts, Morgan ap Huw Lewis, Sion Brwynog, Morys Llwyd, Hyw Arwystli, Lewis Morganwg, Dafydd Llwyd ap Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Lewis Daron, Rhys Nanmor, Hywel ap Dafydd ab Ieuan ap Rhys, William Egwad, Hywel Swrdwal, Tudur Aled, Lewis Glyn Cothi, Lewis Môn, Rhys Goch Glyndyfrdwy, Guto'r Glyn, Gruffudd ab Ieuan ap Llywelyli Fychan, Wiliam Myddelton, Bedo Brwynllys, Wiliam Llyn, Lewis Menai, Simwnt Fychan, Llywelyn ap Gwilym ap Rhys, Richard Cynwal, Rhys Cain, Gruffudd ap Tudur ap Hywel, Sion Ceri, Robert ap Dafydd Llwyd, Syr Roland Williams, Gruffudd Hiraethog, Wiliam Cynwal, Morys Dwyfech, Rhys Goch Eryri, Roger Cyffin, Gwilym ap Sefnyn, Ieuan Dew Brydydd, Thomas Prys, Gruffudd Llwyd, Dick Hughes, and the transcriber.

Barddoniaeth a rhyddiaith,

A composite manuscript in the hand of David Richards (1725-82), curate of Llanegwad, Carmarthenshire containing 'cywyddau', etc. by Lewys Glyn Cothi, Raff ap Robert, Lewys Daron, Lewys Menai, W[ilia]m Llyn, Ie[a]'n ap Madog, and Dafydd ap Gwilym, and anonymous poems; 'englynion' by D[afyd]d ap Edmwnt, [Richard Davies] ('Escob Dewi') and H[uw] Lewis; extracts from 'cywyddau' by Ieuan Tew Brydydd, I[euan] Deulwyn, R[h]is[iart] Philyp, Sion Tudur, H[uw] Llwyd [Cynfal], and T[homas] Prys; extracts from William Baxter: Glossarium Antiquitatum Britannicarum ... (Londini, 1719); a stanza by [John] Dryden in honour of St David's Day; lists of contents of 'Hen Lyfr Carpiop [sic] B[en] Simon'; 'Llyfr Dauliw Ben Simon', and 'Llyfr y Brut Ben Simon'; 'Englynion y Misoedd' by Aneurin Gwawdrydd; 'Llyma Ddifregwawd Taliesin'; 'Llyma Ystori Owain ap Urien Reged'; 'Llyma val y Cafad Taliessin'; 'Llyma Ystori Saith doethion Rhufain'; 'Cyngor Arystotlys i Alexander mawr i ydnabod'; lists of words from the poetry of D[afydd ap] G[wilym] quoted in John Davies: Dictionarium Duplex, etc. The name of the scribe occurs twice on one of the fly-leaves.

Barddoniaeth a rhyddiaith,

An imperfect manuscript, the greater part of the volume being written in one hand of the ? late sixteenth century. The contents include transcripts of Welsh poems in strict and free metres including poems by Siôn y Kent, Davydd Meifod, Ieuan Kydweli, Davydd aprys 'o Veni', Davydd ab Edmwnt, Lewys y Glyn, Lle'n ap Howel, Phylip Ievan 'o Drerydynok', Ieuan Tew, Iolho Gogh, Davydd ap Glm., Ieuan Duy ap Dd. ap Owen, Howel Dauid ap Ieuan aprys, William Meredith, Ievan aprydderch ab Ieuan Llwyd, Hwel Swrdwal, Ifan Daylwyn, Hyw Karllwyd, Mr. Talhai, 'vickar llangadoc vawr', Tomas Derllys, Dd. Nawmor, Lewys Glynn Kothi, Taliesin Benbeirdd, Siôn Davydd, gwndidwr, Llywelyn ap Gwilim Llygliw, Daio Lliwel, Ieuan ap Rys ap Ll'n, Rys aparri, Syr Dauydd Llwyd, Thomas Brwynllis, Rys Duy, and Dd. Ddy Hiraddi[g]; transcripts of prose items with the following headings or incipits - '[ll]ymma saith llywenydd mayr vorwyn', 'llymma y pymp llywenydd y gafas mayr vorwyn am y mab', 'llymma gynghorau Kattwn ddoe[th ]', 'llymma enway y naw gogyfyr', 'llymma gymmraeg o waith Iolho gogh', 'llymma y saith kwestiwn y vy rwng y saithwyr doythion', 'llymma bymp pryder . . . meyr vorwyn o achos y mab', 'llymma y dec prif dri arbennic val y may Taliessin . . yn dywedyd', 'llymma gas ddynion Selyf', '[lly]mma Vychedd y gardawd', 'llymma gynghorau Taliesin yddy vab', 'llymma yr ymrysson . . . yr enaid ar korff', 'Giltas pen proffwydi y Bryttaniait a ddywait . . .', 'llymma gas bethau Owain Kyvailioc', 'llymma beth o gynghorau Kattwn ddoeth ar Bardd glas or gadair', 'llymma Tri achaws arddec y sydd yn dangos paham y mae iawnach ymprydiaid diwgwener no diwarnod arall', 'Gwyl yr hollsaint a gyfoded o dri achos . . .', and 'llyma yr ystori a venic am ystyr y seren wenwynic . . . a elwir seren y kwn'; Welsh triads and aphorisms; etc.

Barddoniaeth Dafydd ap Gwilym ac eraill,

A composite volume containing transcripts of Welsh strict-metre poems in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Pp. 19-51 contain fourteen 'cywyddau' by, or attributed to, Siôn Cent, with Nos. 7, 8, and 12 attributed alternatively to Ieuan Du Dai Bowain, Thos. Derllys, and Lln. ab Howel ab Ieuan ab Gronwy respectively. Pp. 67-205 (previously paginated 1-141) contain a collection of seventy-four 'cywyddau' (No. 74 incomplete) with the general superscription 'Barddoniaeth Dafydd ap Gwilym' probably compiled by Edward Williams circa 1780 (see IMCY, tt. 7, 119, 42; see also the relevant sections of the same work for the poems or sections of poems in this group which were probably written by Edward Williams himself and attributed to Dafydd ap Gwilym). Pp. 209-454 (pp. 209-429 previously numbered 1-221) contain a corpus of approximately two hundred and fifty 'cywyddau', 'awdlau', etc., under the general superscription 'Barddoniaeth Dafydd ap Gwilym' and with a concluding note 'Diwedd Gwaith Dafydd ap Gwilym o Lyfr Mr. Owain Jones o Lanmihangel Glyn y Myfyr'. These poems are believed to have been transcribed by Edward Williams, circa 1775, from a manuscript collection of Dafydd ap Gwilym's work [now Bangor MS 6 in the library of the University College of North Wales, Bangor] compiled by Owen Jones ('Owain Myfyr') mainly from the manuscripts of Lewis and William Morris (see IMCY, tt. 3, 7; IM, t. 213; and Thomas Parry (gol.): Gwaith Dafydd ap Gwilym (Caerdydd, 1952), tt. clxv-clxix and the accompanying chart). Pp. 457-60 contain poems by, or attributed to, Siôn ap Howel ap Lln. Uchan, Siôn Cent, R. Goch o'r Yri, and Dafydd ap Edmund, and pp. 461-73 a further group of twenty-one 'cywyddau' by, or attributed to, Dafydd ap Gwilym. Some of the notes accompanying the poems in this volume are in English.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Barddoniaeth Dafydd ap Gwilym,

A transcript of 'Llyfr Dafydd ab Gwilim Bardd. O Lanbadarn Fawr Yngharedigion A Ysgrifenwyd o Gwbl, gan Benjamin Simon Bardd a Henefydd O Aber Gwili: Oed Crist MDCCLIV', i.e. Aberdâr MS 2 (NLW MS 5475A), with a few additions and corrections. At the beginning is a 'Mynegair', being an alphabetical index of last syllables of opening lines of the poems. Apart from the additions and corrections, the volume is not in the hand of E. Stanton Roberts.

E. Stanton Roberts and others.

Barddoniaeth Dafydd Ap Gwilym,

A small notebook containing seven poems, six of them attributed to Dafydd ap Gwilym, in the autograph of D. Ellis (cf. Cwrtmawr MSS 27 and 243). They are: (a) Kowydd y bakutan: 'A mi noswaith nid gwaith gwych'. (b) Kowydd y frân dyddyn: 'Y fran dreigl ymwan draw'. (c) Kowydd i fadog ac i ymofy[n] yr Eôs: 'Madog ap Grüffydd wyddaear'. (d) Kowydd yw dafod: 'Y tafod nid wyt hyfedr'. (e) Traethodl: 'Fal ir oedd fawr i hafard [hafrad]'. (f) Traethodl etto: 'Nid oes dychymig ymôn'. (No name appended). (g) Traethodl etto: 'Yr wyfi yn karv dyn'. At the end is a list of eleven 'cywyddau' (by D. ap G.) ? in the autograph of Moses Williams, apparently forming an index to some other volumes.

Barddoniaeth Dafydd ap Gwilym,

Six volumes containing guarded leaves (pp. i-398) from [Robert Ellis] 'Cynddelw' (ed): Barddoniaeth Dafydd ab Gwilym . . . (Liverpool, 1873), with copious variant readings by E. Stanton Roberts.

Cynddelw and E. Stanton Roberts.

Barddoniaeth Dafydd ap Gwilym, etc.

A volume of transcripts of poetry by Dafydd ap Gwilym, together with a few 'englynion' and 'cywyddau' by Wm Morris, G[ruffudd] Grug, Dafydd ap Edmund, Rhys Gôch Glan Ceiriog, Dafydd Nanmor, Iolo Goch, R[obin] Ddu, and some anonymous 'englynion'. The transcripts are taken from UCNW Bangor MS 6. A note by Mary Richards, Darowen on p. 1 ascribes the volume to John William[s], musician ('Cyfansoddwr Tona'), Dolgelley, probably John Williams ('Ioan Rhagfyr') (see Thomas Parry (gol.): Gwaith Dafydd ap Gwilym (Caerdydd, 1952) pp. c1xviii-clxix). At the end of the volume is a table entitled 'Rhannau Monwent Dar-Owen megis y dosparthwyd ag y cyweiriwyd hwynt ar eiriol David Davies vicar yno, gan ddechrau, o barth dwyrain Ty'r Vicar ag felly diwygio oddi amgylch Mai yr 28 1636' (' ... carefully transcribed out of the original by me Lewis Jones Vicar of Darowen' - a Chopiwyd genyf inneu or Terrier Darowen. M. R. Dar[owen]'). Tipped into the volume are a bond, 14 February 1690/1, from David Jones of Cowarch, Merionethshire, gent. to John Thomas Rees of the same, yeoman for the observance of covenants, and a poem in free metre entitled 'Myfyrdod y Parchedig Mr [Roderick] Lewis Periglor Llanbrynmair Uwchben Bedd ei ddiweddar Wraig', 1829. Among a number of items laid on the inside lower cover is Ychydig o gynghorion buddiol i Bobl Ieuainc, Wrth fyned i wasanaeth (Treffynnon, n.d.).

Barddoniaeth; doethineb Catwg Ddoeth,

A composite volume containing transcripts of prose and verse items in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Pp. 1-80 contain transcripts of Welsh poems, almost entirely 'englynion', by, or attributed to, Llywelyn ab Rhosser 'o Sainffag[an]', Dafydd Llwyd Mathew, Dafydd ap Siencyn Fynglwyd, Richd. Watcins, vicar Llanellen, Thomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes', Llywelyn Thomas, Edwd. Dafydd 'o Fargam', Siôn y Cent, Siôn Morys 'o Lanfabon', Thomas Lewys 'o Lechau', Rhys Brychan, Hywel Bwr Bach, Huw Cae Llwyd, Dafydd Benwyn, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Morys Cyffin, Hopcin Thomas 'o Faglan', Rhaff ab Rhobert, Siôn Tudur, Gwerfyl Mechain, Rhobert Cludro, Tudur Aled, Dafydd ap Edmwnd, Hywel ap Syr Matthew, Bleddyn Siôn 'o Lancarfan', Hywel Llwyd, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Siôn Philip 'o Hendrewaelod', Lewys Morys, Dafydd, abad Margam, Dafydd Dafies 'o Gastell Hywel', Iolo Morganwg, Huw Llwyd Cynfel, Siôn Cydewain, Llawdden, Syr Lewys Mochnant, Lewis Môn, Roger Cyffln, Syr Ifan o Garno, Wiliam Byrchinsha, Ednyfed Fychan, Cwnin Brydydd, Twm Siôn Catti, Lewys Morganwg, Rhys Brydydd, ? Lewys Glyn Cothi, Dafydd Nanmor, Jenkin Richards 'o Flaenau Gwent', Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleision, Siôn Brwynog, William Cynwal, Richard Huws, Dr. Morgan, esgob Llanelwy, Lewys Powel, William Middelton, Hopcin Tomas ab Einiawn, Elis Drwynhir, Harri ap Thomas ap Wiliam 'o'r Ddiserth', Grufydd Hiraethog, Morys Dwyfech, Owain Gronw, Hywel ap Rhys, Syr Lewys Gethin, Richard Cynwal, Roger y Gwydd, Edmwnd Prys, Dr. R. Davies, esgob Ty Ddewi, Rhys Cain, Huw Roberts Llun, Rhisiart Iorwerth 'o Langynwyd', ? Huw Ednyfed, Einion ap Dafydd Llwyd, Rhydderch Roberts, Syr Lewys y defaid, Syr Lewys Anwyl, Robert ab Han, Syr Ieuan Brydydd, Syr Owain ap Gwilym, Catherin ferch Howel, Wiliam Llyn, Owain Gwynedd, Dafydd Alaw, Evan Llwyd Sieffre, Morgan ap Huw Lewys, Robert Dafydd Llwyd, Wiliam ap Hywel ap Tomas, Morys Parri Llen, Ifan Siôn 'o Wedir', and Sils ap Siôn, and other unattributed poems. The inscriptions on p. 81 and p. 83 and the note on p. 82 appear to indicate that they were intended as cover and 'title-page' respectively for a home-made booklet containing a corpus of 'englynion' by Jenkin Richards of Blaenau Gwent, co. Monmouth, extracted mainly 'o Lyfrau Harri Siôn o Bont y Pwl a Llyfr ym Meddiant Rhys Thomas, Argraffydd o'r Bont Faen ym Morganwg', but only four 'englynion', presumably meant to be attributed to this poet, follow on p. 84. Pp. 91-198 contain miscellaneous items including 91-2, notes headed 'On the oldest places of Christian Worship in Wales'; (continued)

93-7, 105-06, notes, generally derogatory, on the character and literary and metallurgical activities of Lewis Morris; 100- 04, notes on 'Welsh Ideas of Celibacy'; 122-8, a transcript of thirty 'englynion' entitled 'Ymatreg Llywelyn a Gwrnerth' attributed to Tysiliaw fab Brochwel Ysgithrawc; 130, a note relating to an 'eisteddfod' held at Y Pil (Pyle, co. Glamorgan), 1740; 131- 41, notes relating to 'singing to the harp', the 'bardd telyn', carol and 'alsain' verse, the adapting of verse to music, etc.; 147-62, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Rhobert, Tywysog Norddmanty, Morys Kyffin, Wm. Byrchinsha, and Gutto'r Glyn, extracts from the works of various Welsh poets, etc.; 167, a version of William Midleton's introductory epistle [to his Bardhoniaeth neu brydydhiaeth, y llyfr kyntaf (Llundain, 1593)] copied 'Ex Vol. 40. Mr. Panton' [i.e. Panton MS.40 now NLW MS 2008]; 168-9, five stanzas of a hymn tune attributed to Elis Wynn; 169, a transcript of two 'englynion' attributed to Dr. [John] Davies; 171, a list of the commotes and hundreds of Glamorgan copied from '68. P.P.' [i.e. Panton MS 68 now NLW MS 2034]; 175-88, an alphabetical list of Welsh bards 'o Lyfr D'dd Ddu o'r Eryri'; and 188-98, miscellanea including transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Siôn Mawddwy, Ieuan Tew, William Philip, and D[afydd] ab Gwilym, miscellaneous triads, genealogical data relating to various Welsh bards and Syr Rhys ap Thomas, etc. Pp. 207-390 (previously paginated 1-184) contain a collection of maxims, proverbs, triads, sayings, etc., attributed to Cattwg Ddoeth and described on a 'title-page' to the section ( p. 199) as 'Llyma Ddoethineb Cattwg Ddoeth o Lancarvan' and in a concluding note (p. 390) as 'Llyfr y cyntaf y Gwyddfardd Cyfarwydd'. In a note on the aforementioned 'title-page' (p. 199) Edward Williams claims to have transcribed this collection in 1799 from a manuscript in the possession of Siams Thomas of Maerdy Newydd, co. Glamorgan. Preceding and following the actual text of the collection are transcripts of a prefatory letter dated 1685 (pp. 201-06) and of the concluding note already referred to (p. 390) both of which are attributed to the Glamorgan scribe and copyist Thomas ab Iefan of Tre Bryn as compiler of the manuscript from which Edward Williams was allegedly copying (see TLLM, t. 172; IM, tt. 291-4). Pp. 391-477 contain a transcript of a collection, in alphabetical order, of over three thousand Welsh proverbs attributed to Cattwg Ddoeth ('Llyma Ddiarhebion Cattwg Ddoeth . . . sef yw hwnn Ail Lyfr y Gwyddfardd Cyvarwydd'). This collection, according to the aforementioned note at the end of the preceding section (p. 390) attributed to Thomas ab Iefan, had been compiled by the said Thomas from various sources and formed a continuation of the previous section. Edward Williams's claim with regard to the Siams Thomas volume is probably intended to apply to the contents of pp. 391-477 as well. The contents of pp. 199-390 have been published in The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales . . ., vol. III (London, 1807), pp. 1-99.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Barddoniaeth (fac.)

  • NLW MS 11115B.
  • File
  • [?1959]

A negative photostat facsimile of Welsh MS. 2 in the John Rylands Library, Manchester, being an incomplete early eighteenth century collection of poetry, largely in the form of 'cywyddau', by Sion Philip, Rhisiart Philip, Edmund Price [sic], William Cynwal, Evan Bry[dy]dd hir, Lewis Môn, Sion Cent, Tudyr Aled, David ap Gwillim [sic], David Nanmor [sic] and others. On p. 76 is a text of 'Brenin dlysau ynys Brydai[n]'. Later eighteenth century additions include a certificate of a declaration of an oath by Edd. Vaughan of Lanymowddy, Merioneth, 2 November, 1750, that a red heifer sold at Dinnas Mowddy and the herd from which it is taken are free from the infection now raging among horned cattle in the Kingdom.

Barddoniaeth,

A composite volume containing transcripts by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') of Welsh verse in free and strict metres. P. i is inscribed 'Hen Awdlau, Caniadau, a Phennillion amrafaelion eu rhywieu er dangos amrywiold[eb] Mesurau a mydrau Cerdd Dafod Beirdd Cymru mewn oesoedd Amrafaelion a'r amrafaelion newydiadau . . . ym mhrydyddiaeth Beirdd Cymru o amser beugilydd. Cynnulliad o Hen Lyfrau Ysgrif amrafaelion gan Iolo Morganwg . . .', and this may refer to the contents of pp. 1-142 which include transcripts of poems by, or attributed to, Dafydd Llwyd Matthew, Wiliam Llyn, Bedo Brwynllys, Siôn Ceri, Wiliam Egwad, Gwilym ap Ieuan hen, Dafydd Nanmor, Sippyn Cyfeiliog, Elidir Sais, Dafydd o Lynn Nedd, Einiawn Offeiriad, Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleison, Dafydd ap Edmwnd, Richard Cynwal, Taliesin, Rhys Cain, Llawdden, Gwilym Tew, Dafydd Benwyn, Lewys Morganwg, Gutto'r Glynn, Siôn Mowddwy, Siôn Bradford, Rhys Nanmor, and Guttyn Owain. Pp. 143-55 (previously 1-13) contain a transcript of the first part (279 lines) of Aneurin's 'Gododdin'; pp. 159- 90 (previously 1-32), transcripts of fifteen 'cywyddau' (No. 15 incomplete) by, or attributed to, Dafydd ap Gwilym; pp. 199-206 (previously 1-8), transcripts of poems by, or attributed to, Gruff. ap Maredydd ap Dafydd; pp. 225-72, transcripts of, or extracts from, poems by, or attributed to, Dafydd ap Edmund, Llowdden, Siôn ap Dafydd ap . . ., Syr Lewys y defaid, Syr Lewys Anwyl, Robt. ab Ifan, Richd. Dafies, Esgob Dewi, Dafydd Nanmor, Tudur Aled, Wm. Cynwal, Siôn Brwynog, Harri ap Thomas ap Wiliam o'r ddiserth, ? Gruff. Hiraethog, Siôn Tudur, Syr Lewys Gethin, Lewis ab Edward, Dr. Morgan, Esgob Llanelwy, Alis ferch Gruff., Cadwgan ffol, Rhys Cain, Gutto'r Glynn, Iolo Goch, Llywelyn ab Gruffudd, Llywarch Hen, ?Siôn Dafydd Nanmor, Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleison, Hugh bach ab Hywel ab Shenkin, William Llyn, Edd. Llwyd, 'ceidwad y Museum yn Rhydychen', Gwalchmai, Lewis Powel, William Midelton, Bleddyn Fardd, Meil. ab Gwalch., and Pryd. Moch, and a transcript of a prose item ['Araith y gwr moel o Sythia']; and pp. 281-92, transcripts of poems [from the 'Book of Taliesin']. P. 297 is inscribed 'Caniadydd Morganwg sef Casgl o Hen Garolau, Caniadau, a Chwndidau. Rhif 11', and is followed on pp. 301-36 by transcripts of fourteen 'cwndidau' by, or attributed to, Thomas ab Ieuan ab Rhys and one 'cwndid' by, or attributed to, Thomas ap Ieuan Madog. P. 341 is inscribed 'Cwndidau a Chaniadau Rhys Brydydd o Lyfr R. Bradford', and is followed on pp. 343-59 by transcripts of three poems (two 'cwndidau') by, or attributed to, the said poet. Intermingled with the poems are notes or anecdotes relating to the following poets and 'eisteddfodau' - pp. iv, 79, and 121, Gwilym Tew and 'eisteddfodau' at the monastery of Pen Rys in Glyn Rhondde and Caerfyrddin; vii, Lewis Glynn Cothi and Tudur Penllyn; 50, Einion Offeiriad; 60, Dafydd ap Edmwnd and an 'eisteddfod' at Caerfyrddin; 100 and 104-05, Lewys Morganwg and 'Eisteddfod y Penrhyn yn Arfon'; 109 and 235, Gutto'r Glynn; 114, Siôn Mowddwy; 235-6, Iolo Goch; 237, Llywarch Hen; 265, Tudur Aled; and 342, Meredydd Philip (alias Bedo Philip Bach), his brothers Thomas and William, and his nephew Hopcin Thomas Philip, William Dafydd, and Morgan Pywel. Pp. 115-18 contain transcripts of notes on the use of double rhyme ('cyfochri') in some Welsh strict poetic metres and on the vaticinatory element in Welsh verse. These notes are attributed to Siôn Bradford. Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') has inserted comments on some of the poems in the volume.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

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