Dangos 21 canlyniad

Disgrifiad archifol
Medicine -- Formulae, receipts, prescriptions
Dewisiadau chwilio manwl
Rhagolwg argraffu Gweld:

Ffrwd-fâl manuscripts,

(With 111B). Three composite volumes of William Davies (1805-59), Independent minister and schoolmaster, of Froodvale (Ffrwdfâl), Llansawel, etc. containing local pedigrees and pedigree material ('Genealogical Fragments', etc.); extracts from the parish registers of Cayo, 1698-1786, Llanycrwys, 1724-1845, Llansawel, 1764-87, and Talley, 1685-1808; a history of [congregational] meeting-houses at Crofftycyff and Ffaldybrenin, Esgerdawe and Esgerowen, and Crugybar; extracts from printed sources; a history of Crugybar [Congregational] Church, c. 1784; 'Hanes bywyd Mrs Mary Davies o'r Cwm Ann ymhlwyf Pencarreg Swydd Gaerfyrddyn'; lists of Llansawel, Cellan, Abergorlech and Llanycrwys schoolmasters; a list of Abergorlech dissenting ministers; holograph 'Letters from Timothy Davis, Evesham, 1850 (the family of the Rev Evan Davies, Billericay), and Evan Davies, Normal College [Brecon], undated (the admission of William Thomas to the College); a list of 'Clergy of Llanddewi Brefi for the last [i.e. 18th] Century'; notes of sermons preached by William Davies and others at a variety of places, such as Cayo, Esgerdawe, Cryg[ybar], Ffaldybrenin, Park[yrhos], etc., 1827-49 and undated; poetry by William Davies and others, 1836-48 and undated; 'A list of Preachers who were under my tuition at Ffrwdyfal'; 'State of [Carmarthenshire Parliamentary] Election Aug. 7 1837' in the districts of Llandilo, Llandovery, Llansawel, Carmarthen, St Clears, Llanelly and New Castle; numerous lists of books, e.g. 'Carm[arthen Academy] Library' books, and books used in Cheltenham Proprietary School; medical and household recipes; rules ('Rheolau Eglwysig') of Parcyrhos Church, 1841-2; 'Celwyddau &c Crugybar', being particulars of untruths spoken against William Davies, 1835-41 and undated; 'School account of Pupils', 1835-6; hymns by William Davies, 1835; a narrative and poem on 'The Cayonian Hoax neu Helfa'r Box Aur' by William Davies; Carmarthen [Academy] examination papers, 1848; memoranda relating to Rhydybont, Llanfair [Clydogau], Capelerw and Capel Isaac Congregational Churches, Llangeitho Calvinistic Methodist Church, etc.; memoranda of deaths, etc., in Llanwenog; transcripts from tombstones in the parish church of Llanllwni; etc. MS 111 was compiled during the period 1847-8 but parts of MSS 112-13 belong to an earlier period. Each volume is lettered, on the spine, 'Ffrwd-fâl MSS'.

Miscellanea,

A notebook partly in the hand of Mary Richards containing miscellaneous material e.g. Welsh and English verses, one series being by 'R[ichard] Richards Vicar Meifod', 1820; medical recipes; 'A List of Subscribers towards paying Rents for Rooms to keep a Charity School in the Parish of Berriew in 1819 -1820' (blank); and 'Enwau y rhai a fu yn ym weled a Theulu P. T. Richard Darowen pan ddaethant o Feifod i Lan Erful'.

Llyfr John Lewis, Llanfynydd,

  • NLW MS 9365B.
  • Ffeil
  • 1816-1840 /

The commonplace book of John Lewis, Troed-y-rhiw, Llanfynydd, 1816-1840, containing copies of indentures and other documents relating to Llanfynydd; extracts from newspapers; a copy of the will of David Jones of the parish of St George in Queen Square, London, 1739, referring to a charity school at Llanfynydd; a record of John Lewis's weight at different times; a copy of a survey of Llanfynydd, 1796; medical recipes; accounts; autobiographical data; poetry, including 'Cerdd Newydd am dderchafiad Balchder a'i gwymp o achos arfer newydd a ddaeth yn ddiweddar i blith y Cymry' by Gwilim ab Ifan; poems in praise of Pant-tawel, improved by John Lewis, 1816; new year greetings in verse to John Lewis by W. E. Harry, Benjamin Davies 'preacher', Henry Powell, Griffith Jonathan, and Isaac Davies; 'Cerdd a gyfansoddwyd pan gydynwyd i ffyrfiaw Cymdeithas y Gomeraegyddion yn Llanfynydd gan y Bardd [Isaac Davies, 1823] ar yr erddygan a elwir Duw gadwo'r Brenin yn y ffordd Gymraeg' and a song by Isaac Davies to be sung at the reception of new members.

Lewis, John, Troed-y-rhiw, Llanfynydd

Richards family transcripts,

A composite volume comprising three exercise books, with numerous items inset and mounted therein, largely in the hands of Thomas Richards, Mary Richards and Lewis Richards, Darowen. The contents include extracts from Sir John Hill: The Family Herbal (Bungay, 1812) and household and medical recipes; poetry in strict and free metres by [John Jones] ('Myllin'), Evan Jones (Darowen), Evan Thomas (Llansilin), Robert Davies, Nantglyn, W[alter] D[avies, 'Gwallter Mechain'], Lewis Jones (Nant hir), Robert Owen (Denbigh), [John Jones] ('Tegid'), Mrs [Elizabeth] Cribber [Crebar] (daughter of Lewis Morris, 'Llywelyn Ddu o Fôn'), [David Richards] ('Dewi Silin'), ?[David Richards] ('Dafydd Ionawr'), ?Dafydd Elis (Mowddwy), Harry Parry, Arthur Jones, John Parry, Peter Jones, John Rogers, ?Evan Evans (['Ieuan] Glangeirionydd'), [William Williams] 'G[wilym] ab Iorwerth', Mary Watcin (Moelcerni, near Aberystwyth), Mrs E. Jones ('Crefyddwraig', Mowddwy), [Morris Jones] ('M[eurig] Idris') (partly holograph), William Winne (vicar of Llanbrynmair), Rus Cain, Ev. Evans ['Ieuan Brydydd Hir'], Richard Philip, Cadwaladr David, Ann Humphrey, John Jones ('Sir Garnarvon'), Dafydd Jones ('neu'r Tailiwr hir') and Sion Parry ('tatganwr ... o Fallwyd'), and anonymous poems; letters from Robert Davies, Nantglyn to T[homas] Richards, Darowen, undated (the writer's visit to Carmarthen and his stay at Nannau), and D[avid] Richards ['Dewi Silin'], 1825 and undated (mutual visits, a prospectus of ? Diliau Barddas by the writer), William Jones, Llan y Mowddwy, to D[avid] Richards Llansilin, 1822 (a strange incident at Mallwyd), Aneurin [Owen] from Tyn y Celyn [Nantglyn] to D[avid] Richards, Llansilin, 1835 (recte 1825) (an invitation to Tan y Gyrt), [ ] to T[homas] Richards, Llan y Mowddwy, undated (medicine for John Edward), [?L. Jones] 'Llewelin ab Ioan', Bwlch y maen to Thomas Richards, Llan y Mowddwi, 1787-8 (the writer's religious experiences, a translation by the Reverend Thomas Jones [Creaton]) (original letters in Cwrtmawr MSS 872 and 1043), Reginald Heber, Hodnet (in the third person) to Richard Richard[s], Caerwys, 1822 (a donation towards the education of Evan Evans ['Ieuan Glan Geirionydd']),'Harri Ddu o Gaer Derwyddon, swydd Ddinbech' to Richard Richards, Caerwys, 1845 (enclosing poetry, the writer's penury), [John Jones] 'Tegid', Christ Church, Oxford to [? John Jenkins 'Ifor Ceri'], 1828 (Kerry eisteddfod, enclosing poetry, personal), John Williams, Castell, Darowen to [Mary] Richards, 1834 (the excommunication of John Davies from the Society ('Seiat')), William Owen (in the third person) to T[homas] Richards, undated (a request for the loan of ploughs), [Mary Richards] to her nephew, Cornelius Griffydd [London], 1819 (an account of the writer's return from London to Darowen); an account of disbursements at the Ship Inn, Dolgelleu, 5 August 1819 (p. 87); pasted on the inside of the upper cover is a prospectus of R. Williams, Runcorn: Ysgrifenydd Buan; neu Gyfundraith Newydd o Law Fer, (A New System of Short Hand); etc. The transcripts of Lewis Richards, which form the greater part of the third notebook, were compiled during the period 1811-18 and some of the transcripts by Mary Richards are dated 1861-6. Some of the items have been transcribed from the manuscript(s) of 'Cadwaladr Robert o Lan y Mowddwy' and 'John Cadwalader' (p. 87) and 'Cadwaladr Davidd lan y Mowddwy' (p. 132).

Miscellanea,

A volume (pp. 5-310) containing items of an extremely varied nature in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Included, pagination in brackets, are lists or groups of Welsh words, sometimes with English definitions or equivalents or notes (17, 25, 29, 34, 38, 43, 47, 53, 80-82, 89, 102, 125-6, 134, 142, 157, 161, 170, 182, 196, 203, 219-20, 225, 235-6, 238, 242, 245, 247, 263, 282, 292); extracts from Aneurin's 'Gododdin' headed 'Silldorriadau Gododin' (119-20); notes, sometimes very brief, on or relating to Welsh bardism (21, 27, 57, 72, 127, 156, 187, 192-3, 195, 244, 258), song writing (32), the characteristics of the work of Cattwg, Taliesin, and Aneurin (32), the coming of the Cymry to Britain from Deffrobani and their loss of sovereignty to the Romans and Saxons (36), the knowledge of letters amongst the ancient Britons (37), King Arthur's court (46), the 'modern literary dialect of the Welsh' and the medieval prose and verse of South Wales (49), Welsh poetic metres called ' traethodyn milwr', 'traethodyn cwtta', and 'traethodyn chweban' (52), Merfyn Gwawdrych, 9th cent., and his contemporaries (61), the poet Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys, ? early 17th cent. (69), 'cynghanedd' and the Welsh strict poetic metres with references to an 'eisteddfod' in the time of Ifor ab Ifor of Maeshaleg, a bardic assembly at the monastery of Penrys [co. Glamorgan], temp. Edward IV, when Gwilym Tew exhibited an 'awdl', etc. (77- 8), white blackbirds and sparrows seen at Landough and wild canaries at Lantwit [co. Glamorgan] (98), the relinquishment or retention of ancient arts by nations in proportion to their progress (104), Siôn Rhydderch and his Welsh grammar [Grammadeg Cymraeg, 1728] (119), the use of the prefixes an- and di- in Welsh (133), 'Tair Cynghanedd Anianol' (150 ), 'Cynghanedd ewinog' (151), the use of various rhymes and 'cynganeddion' in Welsh (152), bardic 'cadeiriau' of or at Llanfihangel Glyn Afan, 1355, Llangynwyd, 1452, Y Wenar, 1462, and Tir Iarll, 1488 (159), the two sounds of the letter Y in Welsh (160), the bardic 'Cadair Tir Iarll' (185), the construction of 'Coelbren y Beirdd' (242), the bard Owain ap Rhydderch, late 15th cent. (273), and manifestations or representations of God (290- 91); transcripts of Welsh poems or stanzas of Welsh poems or extracts therefrom attributed to Llelo Llantrisaint sef Llywelyn ap Hywel ap Ieuan ap Gronw (23), [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (50, 68, 82, 87, 217), ? Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys (69), Llawdden (129-30), Wm. Moses (149), Taliesin (240, 242), Thos. Daf. Miles (266), Syr Roger Cyffin 'offeiriad Llanberis' (267), and Risiart Fychan 'o Gors y Gedol' (268); transcripts of unattributed Welsh poems including stanzas of hymn-tunes (23-4, 30, 34, 45, 51, 104, 115, 116, 121, 128, 1311, 148, 175, 191, 213, 232-3, 234, 274 + 283, 278-80); transcripts of English poems (107, 197, 212, 261, 284 + 273); miscellaneous Welsh triads (33, 172, 206, 247); short lists of Welsh proverbs or proverbial sayings (48, 167, 176, 231, 293); a prescription for the cure of rheumatism (50); an anecdote relating to the struggle between Caradawc ab Bran ap Llyr and the Romans, the burning of forests in Britain, and the building by Manawydan fab Llyr of a prison called 'Carchar Oeth ag Anoeth' from the bones of those slain in battle, allegedly extracted from [a manuscript called] the 'Yniales' (65-8; for another copy of the anecdote see NLW MS 13152A above); a prefatory note to an intended collection of proverbs, moral aphorisms, etc., allegedly composed or compiled by Cattwg Ddoeth (73-4); a list of old Welsh musical instruments ('Offerynau Cerdd arwest yr hen Gymry') (80); a transcript of the opening paragraph of an alleged version of 'Gramadeg Einiawn Offeiriad' (83); notes on (a) the situation and extent, and (b) the divisions of the county of Glamorgan being sections 1 and 2 of a projected chapter to be headed 'Geographical State and Circumstances' which presumably would have been Chapter 1 of a work on the said county (91-2); an incomplete list of bardic, literary, and other topics in English and Welsh, e.g. 'Cannons of Etymology', 'Miscellanies relating to Welsh poetry', 'Achau Saint Ynys Prydain', 'MSS. in Jesus College Library', under the superscription 'Collecting Sheets 8vo' (99); a list of nine topics such as 'Diarhebion Morganwg Annosparthus', 'Mangofion Gwynedd 1799', etc. (101); (continued)

A list of thirteen topics, e.g. 'Princes of Southwales', 'Anecdotes of Howel Dda', 'Meddygon Myddfai', etc., headed 'For Mr. Rees, Caermarthen' (105); copies of memorial inscriptions ? in St. Athan parish church (107-08); a list of six rules headed 'Unitarian Discipline' (113); a list of fifteen topics or personal names of a varying nature, e.g. 'Llangyndeyrn Marble at Caerm[arthe]n', 'Donne the Satirist', 'Taly Llycheu Church, D.G.' (114); a list of eight 'Ysgriflyfrau gan Iolo Morganwg 1800' (127); a list of Welsh proverbial sayings or advisory precepts some in verse form and some attributed to Cattwg Ddoeth (141, 144-6); a list of the names of six series of Welsh triads (147); a list of the names of thirteen persons headed 'Selfeducated persons in Glamorgan Vale' and a second list containing the names of eight persons headed 'Glamorgan Mountains' the persons named in this list apparently belonging to the same category as those in the first list (158); a list of eight topics or items, e.g. 'Llythyrau Dafydd o'r Nant', 'Rheolau Tudur Aled', etc., which were to be included in an unspecified work (164); brief genealogical data relating to the family of Einiawn Offeiriad (171); a list of Welsh 'Enwau Llefydd' ( 172); brief incomplete notes relating to the development of Welsh literature headed 'English Preface to Cyfrinach y Beirdd' (214); an explanatory note on 'cynghanedd groes' in the form of question and answer between pupil and master (251-2); a draft of a memorial and remonstrance to the members of, and subscribers to, the 'Fund of the South Wales Unitarian Society for the Diffusion of Christian Knowledge' expressing concern at irregularities in the conduct of the society (265 + 260); patterns or examples of metres and metric lines headed 'Specimens of Welsh Lyrics and Verse' (262); a list of the names of six Welsh bards, 1650-80, to refute L[ewis] Morys's assertion that no good 'cywydd' had been written since the reign of Elizabeth (267); brief notes on the activities of [John] Poyer and [Rowland] Laugharne in the Civil War in South Wales and a list of English sovereigns, 1603-1760 (269); ? observations on a proposed 'Essay on the Ancient Welsh Literature', etc. (271); synopses of the contents of ? six chapters of a proposed 'Collection for a New History of Wales from Ancient Welsh MSS.' ('On the Origin of the Cimbri', 'Principles of Ancient British Government', 'The Ancient Institution of the Bards', etc.) (272); music for an unspecified air (296); and notes and a sketch relating to a plan of a 'meeting house, octagonal or circular' (298). Some of the notes, etc., have been written on the verso or in the margins of a copy of a printed notice by White and Barnards, Barge Masters, advertising their services, 1800 (100), a copy of a printed notice issued by the Caslon Letter Foundry, London, advertising their preparedness to provide printing types and materials (123), imperfect copies of a printed leaflet, 1797, announcing an 'eisteddfod' to be held under the patronage of the Gwyneddigion Society in 1798 (142-3, 204-05), a copy of printed proposals, 1811, for a new edition of 'The History of Wales written originally in Welsh by Caradoc of Llancarvan translated into English by Dr. Powell and augmented by W. Wynne' (194 + 191), 'An Exemplification of Masons' Work done for Robert Jones, Esqr., of Fonmon Castle . . . Burton Causway by William Baker, Mason, 1813 and 18[14] as attested by Thos. Raecliff and Edward Williams in 1814 (198-9, 210-11), a ? holograph letter from R. Evans from Cowbridge to . . ., undated (personal) (220-21), an account for goods purchased by E. Williams [? 'Iolo Morganwg'] from James Bradley, chemist, Cowbridge, in 1816 (226 + 239), a printed calendar of prisoners in ? Cardiff Gaol, ? 1803 (227 + 238), a copy of printed proposals for publishing George Dyer's Memoirs of the Life and Writings of . . . Robert Robinson of Chesterton (234 + 231), and a ? holograph note from Thomas William to Edward Williams [? 'Iolo Morganwg'], 1814, informing him that Christopher ? James wished to see him (259 + 266).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A volume containing miscellaneous notes, jottings, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents include, pagination in brackets, notes relating to William de Brewis [13th cent.], the chaplaincy of Thirlesbury Martin in the parish of Lantwit [co. Glamorgan], and the formation of the parish of Eglwys Brewis from this chaplaincy (15-16); a reference to the conquest of the lordship of Brecon by Bernard Newmarch in 1087, a copy of an inscription on a cross in the parish of Vaenor [co. Brecknock], and a note on a cromlech at Ty Illtud in the parish of Llanhammwlch (sic) [co. Brecknock] [extracted from William Camden's Brittania] (16-17); notes, historical and geographical, relating to Glamorgan including extracts from Camden's Britannia (18-27); copies of two memorial inscriptions in Clyrow churchyard, co. Radnor, one recording an age of 219, with a comment [by Edward Williams] relating to this (28); an anecdote relating to an attack by Edgar, King of London ('Brenin Llundain'), upon Morgan Mawr in Morgannwg (31 + 34); a genealogy tracing the descent of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn in direct line from Eneas Ysgwyddwyn (35- 6); genealogical and other data relating to Llywelyn Bren, Senghenydd, Lewysaid (sic) y Fann [co. Glamorgan], Llywelyn Bren ieuanc, Lewys Rhaglan ' o Lys y Vronydd', the Gawntlo family of Tregawntlo [co. Glamorgan], and Iestin ap Gwrgan (36-40); a sketch plan of, and a brief note on, 'Gallt Cawrdaf. An[cien]t Monastery', a note on a measure called Miskyn Measure, notes on the site of the 'old church' and on the 'present parish church' at Marcross [co. Glamorgan], and notes relating to land called Nash orchards and land adjacent to it in Nash [co. Glamorgan] (43-5); a note relating to relations between Edgar [king of England] and Morgan Hen [of Morgannwg] circa 967, and the alliance between Iestin ab Gwrgan and the Danes and Irish, late 11th cent. (58); a chronicle of events in Welsh history but relating mainly to South Wales, late 10th-11th cent. (59-71); brief notes relating to events in the reigns of Edward II and Edward III based upon Froissart's Chronicles (75-7); (continued)

Genealogical notes relating to the Gamage family up to the second half of the sixteenth century 'Ex Harl. Lib. No. 368' (85-6); a list of fifteen subject or chapter headings relating to Welsh poetry headed 'Topics for the History of the Bards' (91); a further list of eighteen subject or chapter headings relating to Welsh literature, bardism, music, etc. (92); miscellanea including a medicinal recipe extracted from the Monthly Review, a list of ecumenical councils, 314-551 [A.D.], specifications and a sketch relating to a settee or couch with drawers and a book shelf, etc. (93-6); a list of places in co. Glamorgan where fairs were held noting the main items sold (97-9); brief notes relating to John Hopkins of Neath 'the versifier of the psalms, died 1541', and his ancestor Hopkin Thomas, fl. 1350, who 'wrote the Greal' ( 100); notes on meteorological predictions made by the Prelate Luders of Glucksburg in 1785 and his theories re the influence on climate of ice floes floating down from northern seas (101-02); a list of nine subject or chapter headings relating to Welsh literature, bardism, language, etc., headed 'History of the Bards' (103); miscellanea including eight lines of English verse translated from Welsh by E[dward] Williams, a brief note on tradition by Edward Williams, brief notes relating to sheep and cattle in Glamorgan, genealogies of the bard Taliesin and an anecdote relating to him, etc. (104-08); a brief list of Welsh words with observations on Welsh polysyllabic words whose roots are unknown (122); lists of proverbs, proverbial expressions, and rhyming proverbial couplets, some connected expressly with Glamorgan, a list of nine Welsh words with notes on most, formulae of 'common cries', examples of crude set 'question and answer' pieces, etc. (123-32); notes relating to the sense of apartness of the people of Glamorgan and Monmouth as opposed to the rest of Wales, traces of the Silurian dialect of Welsh in Anglesea and its use by the 'Northwalian Bards of the middle ages' whose 'poetic dialect' was ' demonstratively founded on the Silurian', etc. (133-5); a list of personal ' names . . . still very common in Glam. & Monm.' (136); a further list of Welsh proverbs or proverbial expressions (136-8); geological notes relating to ? the coast of Glamorgan (138); extracts from [John Shore, Baron] Teignmouth: [Memoirs of the] Life . . . of Sir William Jones [philologist and jurist, 1746-94], and a quotation from [ ] Diderot (139- 41); a list of Welsh names of ? villages, farms, etc., and a brief note on Rhys Ddu, temp. Owen Glyndwr (144-6); incomplete notes with the superscription 'Some Account of the Ancient Town of Lantwit Major (Wallice Llanulltud fawr) in the County of Glamorgan' recounting legends concerning Saint Illtud and his monastery and school (147-60); incomplete notes relating to the divisions of Gwlad Forgan in the time of Iestin ab Gwrgan [ late 11th cent.], conflicts between Morgannwg and Deheubarth previous to the time of Iestin, Rhys ap Tewdwr's seizure of the lands of Einon ab Collwyn [late 11th cent.], etc. (163-5); brief notes relating to the history of the Welsh strict-metre poetic system (171-2); brief notes relating to Ewenny Abbey and Ewenny village (173); transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Llywelyn ab Ifan 'o'r Rhaglan', John David Rhys, Morgan Llywelyn 'o Gastell Nedd', Rhys Morgan 'Pencraig Nedd', and Edward Efan, 'cywyddau' attributed to Lewis Hopcin, a stanza attributed to Wil. Hopcin, and a stanza of unattributed verse (175-86); notes relating to the fifteenth century poet Llawdden or Ieuan Llawdden, his compendium of Welsh bardic laws and arrangement of Welsh strict poetic metres approved at a session of bards held at Caermarthen in 1451 and ratified and confirmed at a second such session of bards also held at Caermarthen in 1460 or 1461, the protest made by Glamorgan bards against these, their researches concerning the bardic laws and institutes, the systematic arrangement of the results of these researches by Gwilym Tew, Lewys Morganwg, and Llen. Siôn 'o Langewydd' successively, and an assembly of Glamorgan bards held at Beaupre Castle circa 1670 for the purpose of 'reviving or recognizing' the ancient institutes, etc. (187-90); reflections concerning the probable origin of the 'gwyddoniaid', the wise men or teachers of the ancient Cymmry, the growth of this body into a more formal system or institution, and its role as 'Parent of the Bardic or Druidic Instit[ut]ion' (190-94); (continued)

Extracts from the poems of Cynddelw referring to 'Derwyddon' (194); notes relating to an assembly held at Caerllion ar wysg under King Arthur to promulgate laws, to the arrangement of the Welsh strict poetic metres, and to the five basic elements (200-01); notes on a few Welsh words with illustrative excerpts from poems (202); a reference to 'Llyfr Cyfarwyddyd ar achoedd o waith Ieuan Brechfa' with the lineage of the said Ieuan Brechfa, a list headed 'Llyma enwau y nawnyn a diriwys yn gyntaf yn fforest Glyn Cothi', and other miscellanea (203-04); a list of twenty-four knights at King Arthur's court divided into eight groups of three, each group possessing particular attributes (205-07); extracts from Welsh poems attributed to, or single stanzas or 'englynion' attributed to Edmund Prys, Siôn Philip, 'N'., Iaco ab Dewi, Thos. Ll'n 'o Regoes', and Ll'n Thomas (208-11); an anecdote relating to the composition by Rhisiart ab Iorwerth Fynglwyd of an 'englyn' containing the names of several objects referred to in a conversation at an 'eisteddfod' (212); copies of the memorial inscriptions on the tombstones of the Reverend Samuel Jones, Bryn Llywarch, ob. 1697, and his wife, ob. 1676, in Llangynwyd churchyard [co. Glamorgan], and a stanza of Welsh verse by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (213-14, 241-2); a transcript of eight stanzas containing Welsh triads in verse form attributed to Iolo Pen y Lan (215-16); a version of the Welsh prose tale 'Hwedl Rhitta Gawr' (217-20); the title and first words of another prose tale, viz. 'Hwedl fel y llosgwys Cenfigen ei pherchen' (221) followed by fifteen blank pages obviously intended for a copy of this and possibly other similar tales; a transcript of a five-stanza poem entitled 'Syrthiad y Dail' attributed to Thomas Glyn Cothi (238-9); notes headed 'The antiquities of Lantwit Major, Corn. Glamorgan' relating to Saint Illtud, the monastic church founded at Llanilltud, and the early abbots of that church, and attributed to David Nicholls, 1729 (243-55; see also NLW MS 13153A above and references there to NLW MSS 13114B, 13116B); extracts from [Thomas] Carte [: A General] History of England [vol. I, pp. 185-6] relating to St. Germain's mission to Britain in 448, his founding of schools under Dubricius and Iltutus, and the influence of these schools ( 256-61); brief notes referring to Paulinus, Dubricius, and Iltutus, and an anecdote relating to Edgar, king of England, stealing the bell of Lantwit Church in 975 A.D. (261-3); extracts from [John] Leland's Itinerary relating to the 'West Thawan' area of Glamorganshire including Llan Iltuit ( 264-5); notes allegedly from Welsh manuscript sources relating to St. Iltutus and his monastery and school at Llanilltud (266-70); notes relating to the town and parish of Lantwit [Major] referring to a tradition concerning a charter drawn up in the time of William, earl of Pembroke [1551-70], 'for the incorporation of Lantwit', a quay at Cohugh and additions to the town hall built by the said earl, a custom whereby newly-married couples dined in the town hall on their wedding day, rooms under the town hall, the county gaol nearby, the town hall itself, the houses in the town, the soil in the parish, the corn grown, the sheep and cattle reared, the brooks and the river Colhugh, the sea shore, the shell and other fish to be found, the limestone of the cliffs and rocks, etc. (270-80); a further note on 'Illtud Sant . . . a wnaeth Fangor deg a Bangor Illtud ai gelwid' (281); notes referring to Germanus's mission to Britain and the schools and pupils of Dubricius and Iltutus ? 'From Goadby's History of England printed at Sherborn, 1752' (283-5); an incomplete note on Dubricius from 'Sir Harry Spelman . . . in his Councils' (285); notes on traditions relating to sixteenth and seventeenth century non-conformity in Wales, more particularly south-east Wales, with (a) references to the influence or activities of Siôn Penri, W[illia]m Erbri, vicar of the parish of St. Mary's, Cardiff, Syr Hywel Ychan, curate at Y Rhath (Roath) under William Erbri, and Thos. Llewelyn 'o Regoes' [co. Glamorgan], (b) mention of the last named's congregations at Rhegoes, Llangyfelach, and Llanfabon, his translations of sections of the English Bible into Welsh, his licence from Archbishop Grindal to preach in Welsh, and his alleged correspondence with the 'hen ficcar o Landdyfri' [Rhys Prichard], and (c) comments on the ideas of the aforementioned persons and others with regard to infant or adult baptism and forms of church government incorporating a suggestion [by Edward Williams himself] that contemporary Methodists would eventually find it necessary to secede from the Anglican Church (299-309; for comments on the data relating to Thos. Llewelyn see TLLM, tt. 127-8); (continued)

A note relating to a sixteenth/seventeenth century dissenting congregation at Blaen Cannaid [co. Glamorgan], its 'classification' as presbyterian or baptist, the part played in its history by Thos. Llewelyn 'o Regoes' and Hywel Lewys and possibly [John] Penri and [William] Erbri with a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to the said Hywel Lewys (310-11; see James and Evans: op. cit., pp. 219-20); a note on a tradition relating to the opinions of the aforementioned [William] Erburi and of Walter Cradog concerning baptism (312; see James and Evans: op. cit., p. 220); transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Iolo Goch and Daf[ydd] ab Gwilym ( 315-17); notes headed 'Coffadwriaeth am Feirdd a Phrydyddion . . .' containing anecdotes relating to 'eisteddfodau' held at Gwern y Cleppa, y Ddol Goch yn Emlyn and Marchwiail . . . yin Mhowys', ? all temp. Edward III, and referring to the poets Dafydd ap Gwilym, the three brothers Llywelyn, Ednyfed, and Madoc ap Gruffudd of Marchwiail, Siôn y Cent, Rhys Goch o Eryri, Iolo Goch, and Llywelyn ap Gwilym (319-20); a note relating mainly to the examination of the Welsh musical measures and the various grades of musicians at the first 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys [co. Flint] (321); a note relating to the poetic form known as 'cerdd arwest' or 'cerdd deuluaidd' (322); a copy of a 'Prospectus of Y Bardd Teulu neu Dywenydd Morganwg, a Quarterly Welsh Magazine to be printed at Merthyr Tydvil' describing topics to be included, giving indications as to editorial policy, etc. (329-32; see NLW MS 13089E above and the references noted there); notes relating to the poet Bedo Brwynllys, mid 15th cent., a collection of the poems of Dafydd ap Gwilym made by the said Bedo, a ? copy of this collection formerly in the library at Raglan Castle which had been destroyed in the time of Oliver Cromwell ('the largest and most valuable [library] in Wales at the time it was formed . . . the largest collections of Welsh Manuscripts that ever were made'), two other copies of Bedo Brwynllys's collection surviving in South Wales, the Herberts of Raglan's patronage of Welsh literature, Sir William Herbert's connection with the printing of Gruffydd Roberts's Welsh grammar in 1540, the publication of Dafydd ap Gwilym's work 'about 20 years ago . . . at the expence of Owen Jones' [Barddoniaeth Dafydd ab Gwilym, Llundain, 1789], the printing of this volume 'chiefly' from North Wales manuscripts which were inferior to those preserved in South Wales, Dr. [John] Davies [of Mallwyd]'s opinion of the language of Dafydd ap Gwilym's poetry, the formation of the 'modern [Welsh] literary dialect . . . chiefly . . . from the language of this bard' (333-5); notes defining the poetic terms 'gwasgargerdd', 'deifregdawd', and 'gosteg [o englynion]' (341); a list of the mottoes ('gair cysswyn') of various bardic chairs (342-3); a note relating to a ceremony to re-establish a bardic 'cadair wrth gerdd dafod' held in Castell Nedd and the quarrel that occurred there between Rhys ap Tewdwr and Iestin [ap Gwrgan] (343-4; marginal note in the hand of [Taliesin] ab Iolo); further notes relating to the quarrel and fighting between Rhys ab Tewdwr and Iestyn ab Gwrgan (345-7); a brief note on the poetic form 'cerdd arwest' (349); and notes relating to the ignorance concerning the Welsh bardic craft prevalent in the time of Syr Gruff. ap Nicolas, the attempts by Dafydd ap Edmwnt and Guttyn Owam after the second [Carmarthen] 'eisteddfod' to name the Welsh strict metres ('rhoi enwau ar y mesurau'), the ensuing controversy between the bards of Morgannwg and those of Gwynedd, the arrangement of the twenty-four [strict] metres by Guttyn Owain, the acceptance of this system in North Wales, knowledge of this system in South Wales through the medium of Siôn Daf[ydd] Rhys's grammar, a manuscript work [on the Welsh bardic metres and system] compiled by Ll[ywely]n Siôn then in the writer's [i.e. Edward Williams's] possession, his showing of this manuscript to Syr Risiart Basset of Bewpyr [co. Glamorgan], Syr Risiart's decision to call a bardic convention, according to the old rites of the Glamorgan bards, in connection therewith, and the boundaries of the bardic Morgannwg (349-52). In one instance notes have been written on the verso of a printed leaflet announcing the printing of Edward Williams's two volumes of English verse entitled Poems Lyric and Pastoral.

'Iolo Morganwg' and Taliesin Williams.

'Amrywiaethau',

A volume entitled 'Amrywiaethau' on the spine, and 'Amrywion sev o gynnulliad Idrison' [i.e. William Owen-Pughe] on the fly-leaf. The contents, a miscellaneous collection of prose and poetry, include: pp. 1-8, four 'cywyddau' attributed to Dafydd ap Gwilym and others; pp. 9-10, 'Can y Mai, ar fesur Awdlgywydd o waith Gwilym Tew, medd Llyfr Lewys Hopkyn'; pp. 11-14, a transcript of 'Annerch-lythr Gronwy Owain Len at William Elias o Blâs y Glyn, Llanfwrog ym Môn', dated at Donnington, 30 Nov. 1751; pp. 15-17, English translation by W[illiam] O[wen-Pughe] of a poem by Taliesin entitled 'Gwaith Gwenystrad', and of another (pp. 18-21) beginning: 'Teithi edmygant yn Nyffryn Garant . . .'; pp. 22-25, an incomplete transcript of 'Gorhoffet Gwalchmei'; pp. 32-34, 'Emyn Ambros ac Awstin, yr hwn a elwir y Te Deum o gyfieithiad Dafydd ddu o Hiraddug'; p. 35, 'Darneb yn iaith Phoenicia yn Llythyrenau Seisnig'; p. 36, part of the tale of Manawydan fab Llyr (cf. Ifor Williams, Pedeir Keinc y Mabinogi (Caerdydd, 1951), t. 52); pp. 37-40, 'Memorandums from Whartons History of English Poetry'; p. 41, 'Enwau Duw', Hebrew terms for God with Welsh equivalents; p. 42, a further Hebrew-Welsh vocabulary; p. 43, a note concerning Edward Williams ['Iolo Morganwg'], Edward Evan of Aberdare (ob. 1798) and their knowledge of 'Cyfrinach y Beirdd'; p. 44, 'tribannau' attributed to Sion Rhys o Ystrad Dyvodwg and Ed. William o Lantrisaint (cf. Tegwyn Jones, Tribannau Morgannwg (Llandysul, 1976), no. 334); pp. 45-50, 'Awdyl Cyflafan y Beirdd, Testyn Dinbych - 1792', beginning 'Deffro duedd dew ffrwd awen - o'th fedd . . .' by ?B.C.; pp. 53-55, a copy of a letter dated at London, 1 Oct. 1788, from William Owen to Mr. George Riveley, Portsmouth in Virginia; pp. 59-63, 'Hymn to Narayena' by Sir William Jones, beginning 'Spirit of spirits, who, thro' every part . . .'; pp. 64-66, copy of a letter written by [William Owen-Pughe] from London, 22 April 1789, recipient uncited; pp. 67-71, copy of a letter from William Owen [- Pughe] to Thomas Pennant, esq., dated 22 April 1789; p. 73, a remedy for a cold; p. 75, extract from a poem, 'the Pleasures of Memory', beginning 'The father strew'd his white hairs in the wind . . .'; pp. 77-79, a prose translation of 'Ymbil ar Ddwynwen . . .' (see Barddoniaeth Dafydd ab Gwilym (Llundain, 1789), t. 154) entitled 'The Invocation of Saint Dwynwen '; pp. 83-85, transcript of a letter from J. G. Boccius, dated at Leipzig, 19 Oct. 1793, to [William Owen-Pughe], followed by a list of Wendish words with Latin equivalents; pp. 85-88, transcript of a letter from Dr. [Carl Gottlieb] Anton, dated at Gorliz in Ober Lausiz, 2 Aug. [17]94, written in French (for the original see NLW MS 13223C, p. 145); pp. 88-95, copy of a letter written by W[illiam] O[wen-Pughe] from London, 20 Jan. 1796, in reply to Dr. Anton's letter; pp. 96-98, 'Song to May', a translation of pp. 9-10 above; pp. 101-06, transcript of a letter dated 15 April 1800 from E[dward] Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', to [Owen Jones], 'Owain Myvyr'; pp. 107- 116 & 119-120, transcript of another letter from the same to the same, dated at Flimston, 17 June 1800; (continued)

p. 117, memoranda, 1800, recording the death and burial of various members of the Owen family; pp. 121-36, transcript of a letter from 'Iolo Morganwg' to 'Owain Myvyr', dated at Cardiff, 6 Oct. 1800; p. 139, the dates of death of four relatives and acquaintances of William Owen [-Pughe]; p. 141, lines dated 29 Dec. 1830 by Ro[bert] Davies, 'Bardd Nantglyn', beginning 'Y llwdn hwq, and nid o ddig . . .'; pp. 143-5, 'Cywydd i Vordeyrn sant yn Nantglyn' beginning 'Y sant nevol addolwn . . .', attributed to Davydd ab Llywelyn ab Madog, transcribed by 'Idrison' at Egryn, 18 March 1833; p. 147, a list of 'Correspondent words'; pp. 149-150, notes by 'Idrison' on the cure of 'Davaden Wyllt (Cancer)' dated 14 Feb. 1834; p. 339, note of financial loans and gifts made to [William Owen-Pughe], 1796-98; pp. 411-40, a narrative beginning 'Ac Elphin á gymmeres y Gôd, ac ai bwris hi ar gevn un o'i veirç mewn cawell . . .', said to be 'O Lyvyr Iolo Morganwg . . . Gwaith Hopcin Tho. Phylip o Varganwg [sic] o gylç 1370'; pp. 444-46, 'Profwydoliaeth Llywelyn Vawr (o'r Brithdir meddir)', beginning 'Mae hen goelion yn ein gwlid . . .'; pp. 447-85, a series of 'Coronog Faban' poems and prophecies, variously attributed to Aneurin Gwawdrydd, Jonas Athraw Mynyw, Rhys Gog o Eryri, and Gildas Brofwyd (pp. 459-63 contain a copy of observations by 'Iolo Morganwg' on the preceding 'Coronog Faban' poems); pp. 486-88, 'Llyma englynion Marçwiail, o lyvyr Havod Uçtryd : ei enw Hen ddihenydd', beginning 'Marçwiail bedw briglas . . .', attributed to Mabclav ab Llywarrq; PP- 489-9o, 'Gweddi Taliesin', beginning 'Gweddiav Dduw Dâd . . .'; pp. 491-93, 'Llyma Gerdd y Bardd Glas o'r Gadair "o Lyvyr Joseph Jones o Gaer Dyv, à ysgrivenwyd cylç 1590." Iolo Morganwg', beginning 'Deg gormes caredvorion . . .'; pp. 494-97, 'Llyma Englynion a vuant rwng Caradawg Llan Carvan a Gwgan Varvawg o Lan Dathan, o'r un Llyvyr', beginning 'Gwgan Varvawg, hanpyç gwell! . . .'; pp. 497-502, 'englynion' attributed to Gwgan Varvawg o Landathan alias Gwgan Vardd alias Gwgan Vardd Iestyn; p. 503, 'Hen vesurau, sev Englynion gan Gwydion ab Don: o Lyvyr y Mabinogi yn Llyvyrgell Mostyn', beginning 'Dâr á dyv yn arddväes . . . '; pp. 504-06, 'Llyma Awdyl à gânt Teilaw sant', beginning 'Govynawd ysgen . . .', attributed thus: 'Teilaw Sant ai cant pan ydoedd yn myned i Ynys Enlli: O Lyvyr Harri Sion o Bont y Pwl'; p. 506, two verses entitled 'Llythyr Merq at ei Çariad' and 'Atteb y Mab'; pp. 507-10, 'Llyma' r Bader yn Gymbraec: o Lyvyr Havod Uçtryd', beginning 'Yn Tat ni yr hwn wyt yn y Nef . . .'; pp. 511-12, 'Englynion ar enwau Duw: gwaith Sion y Cent: o Lyvyr Wm. Rhosser', beginning 'Duw Tri, Duw Celi coelion, Dav, Eli , . . .'; and pp. 592-3, 595, & 597, notes, 1800-03, & 1808 by [William Owen-Pughe]. Certain of the above items appear to have been published in The Myvyrian Archaiology and the volume Iolo MSS. Pasted in at the end of the volume are a few loose items including notes on ancient alphabets, etc., dated 1821; a tune with words in ?Hebrew and Welsh based on Ps. 115, 1; a receipt dated 20 June 1793 for 5 guineas, being the admission fee to the Society of Antiquaries of London of William Owen [-Pughe]; and a copy of printed proposals to publish Pethagoras; or, The Hindoo's Researches.

William Owen-Pughe.

Darowen tithes; transcripts by Mary Richards; etc.

A volume originally used fairly extensively by Thomas Richards, Darowen as a rentroll of tithes set in the parish of Darowen, 1824-31. Beginning at the end, also in the hand of Thomas Richards, are a note from the Shrewsbury Chronicle, 1829, on the 'Rearing of Apple Trees'; medical, veterinary and household recipes; and accounts of receipts and disbursements (tithes, road rates, rents, etc.) of Thomas Richards, 1827-31. The remainder of the volume was used by Mary Richards, circa 1850-4, to record transcripts of a list of books in the library of Thomas Richards, Darowen; letters from Evan Richards to Thomas Richard[s], curate of Eglwys fach, near Dovy furnace, undated (religious meditations, a pocket Bible), Ch. Meyer, Llanrhaiadr [ym Mochnant], to T[homas] Richards, Llangynyw, undated (news of W. Davies ['Gwallter Mechain'], an invitation to the recipient and Arthur [James] John[e]s), Thos Jones, L[eintwar]dine [aft. of Creaton], to Thos. Richard[s] [at Llangynfelyn], 1779 (personal), and [Evan Evans ('Ieuan Glan Geirionydd')], Trefriw to T[homas] Richard[s], Darowen, 1823 (the writer's preparations to enter St Bees, the writer's return to Trefriw, personal) (original in Cwrtmawr MS 534, Letter No. 13); a receipt for a sum of £1 l0s. paid for a sundial for the use of the parish of Darowen, 1761; accounts of disbursements by T[homas] Richard[s] at Llanganfelin [Llangynfelyn], 1776-81, and a list (p. 17) of the first pupils entered in his school at Llan y Mowddwy, 1789; poetry in strict and free metres ('cywyddau', 'englynion', etc.) by Robert Parry ('Robin Ddu o Eryri'), [William Williams] ('Gwilim ab Iorwerth'), Ieuan ap R[hys] ab Llywelyn, Huw Caellwyd, Rhys ab Cynfreig Goch, Dafydd ap Ieuan Llwyd, Sion Kerri, Tudur Aled, Roger Kyffin, Dafydd ap Jenkin an Owen, W[illiam] Phillip, Doctor Sion Kent, Gruffyth ab Goronwy Gethin, Edmwnd Prys, Edward Urien, Tuder Penllyn, Walter Davies ('Gwallter Mechain'), [John Jones] 'Tegid', William Cynwal, Hu[w] Llun, Rhys Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Gryffyth ap Efan, Dr Richard Dafis ('Esgob Dewi'), Sion ab Sion, Sion Tudur and Howel Borthor (o'r Trallwng'), and anonymous poems. Among the insets and items mounted on the inside covers are a letter from J. Topham to [ ], 1786 (Mr Stocks's donation); an undated petition by William Davies, late of Cemmes, Llanegrin, Merioneth for a charitable contribution from Price Jones, Cyfronydd (petitioner claims that Cemmes, now in Pryce Jones's possession, was previously the property of his own father John Davies); and Hirnant rent accounts between T[homas] Richards and Captain Gwynne, 1816-18. One of the sources quoted by Mary Richards is a manuscript of Sir Thomas Llwyd, 'Person Cemes, Sir Drefaldwyn'. The outside upper cover is inscribed '1825 Tithe Book'.

Transcripts by Mary Richards, etc.

A composite volume, comprising five exercise books and numerous pieces mounted therein, largely in the hand of Mary Richards, Darowen. The contents include an appeal on behalf of the 'Welsh Metropolitan Church', 1841, together with a list of subscriptions, and a brief account by Mary Richards of the origin of the movement; a prospectus of Seren Gomer, 1813; a list of subscribers to a testimonial by the laity and clergy of the diocese of St Asaph to [Edward Herbert, 2nd] earl of Powis; a prospectus of [Y] Protestant, a Welsh fortnightly newspaper [1839]; letters from Ellis Edward, Penrhos to [ ], 1786 (the will of Thomas Owen, rector of Darowen), Eleazar William, Liverpool to R[ichard] R[ichards], Vicarage, Meifod, 1855 (the death of the recipient's brother Thomas), [ ] Brithdir to [Mary] Richards, 1838 (rejecting a Madam Bevan School) (incomplete), William Owen ('Ab Owen Glan Hafren') to T[homas] Richard[s], Berriew, 1824 (an invitation to a Bible Society meeting, 'englynion' to [John] Jenkins ['Ifor Ceri']), [John Jones] ('Myllin'), Llanfyllin to [David] Richards, rector of Llansilin, 1826 (a request for six copies of the Ieithiadur of Robert Dafydd [Nantglyn] for the newly-formed Welsh Society at Llanfyllin), William Williams ('Gwylym ab Iorwerth'), [Darowen] and Llanidloes, to Mair Richards, 1827-51 and undated (the writer's education by the recipient, poetry by the writer, Denbigh eisteddfod (1828), a proposed Welsh Society at Darowen, the receipt of a grammar), W. Toleman, watchmaker, Carnarvon to M[ary] Richard[s], 1826 (engraving on two silver cups for Llanbeblig Church), J. W. Prisiart, Plasybrain to Owain William, Bwlch, Pentraeth, 1825 (the writer's health, Welsh orthography) (incomplete), David Jones, minister [curate in charge], Cyffyliog [sic] to D[avid] Richards, Llansilin, 1817 (banns of marriage), Edward Richard, parish clerk ('clochydd'), Llansilin to Thomas Richards, Llangynyw, 1830 (a proposed memorial stone for David Richard), T. Beinion, Rayto(w)n to David Richard[s], Llansilin, 1824 (personal, the writer's studies), George Sibley, Can Office to T[homas] Richards, Llangynyw, undated (the return of a pony), and M[ary] R[ichards], Llangynyw to [ ] [London], 1857 [recte 1851] (personal, the death of Aneurin [Owen], a tea at Meifod, references to friends]; poetry in strict and free metres ('englynion', etc.) by 'Elidir', W[alter] D[avies] ['Gwallter Mechain'], William Williams ('Gwilym Cyfeiliog'), [Morris Jones] ('Meurig Idris'), Mrs Mytton ('A Welsh Translation of Mrs. Mytton's Cambrians Holyday'), Evan Evans ('[Ieuan] Glangeirionydd'), R. Llwyd (Mathrafal), [Robert Llwyd Morris] ('Rhufionawg') [sic], Dafydd Richard ('Dafydd Ionawr'), [Isaac Llwyd, Mold] 'Gwyddon' (see N1922E, 22), Thomas Edward (['Twm o'r] Nant'), R[obert] D[avies] (Nantglyn), Daniel Jones (Liverpool), [William Williams] ('Gwilim ab Iorwerth'), Evan Jones (Darowen), William Jones ('G[wilym] Cawrdaf'), Rowland Parry ('Ieuan Carndochan'), Aneurin Owain, [W. Williams] 'Gwilym Bryn Mair', Thomas Lewis, E. Lewis ('E. ab Dewi'), [David Jones] ('Ieuan Cadfan'), William Philip, David Ellis (Mowddwy), Hugh Jones ('Hugh Erfyl'), D[avid] R[ichards] ('Dewi Silin'), Harri Parry (Graig y Gath), etc., and anonymous poems; a list of bards at Conway Eisteddfod, 1861; triads, 'Adar llwch gwin', 'Y Pedair Camp ar hugain', 'Naw helwriaeth', etc., from a manuscript belonging to Simon Jones; medical recipes; calligraphic exercises; etc. Some of the transcripts are dated within the period 1856-61. Among the pieces mounted on the inside covers of the exercise books is A Card, Intended to be privately put into the hand of one that Swears, written (according to an accompanying note by Mary Richards) by the Reverend John Llwyd, vicar of Hindolveston, Norfolk, son of David Llwyd, Cymerau, Tal y Bont [Cardiganshire].

Transcripts by Mary Richards,

A manuscript almost entirely in the hand of Mary Richards, Darowen containing transcripts of the opinion of Sir William Jones [orientalist and jurist] on the Scriptures ('Barn Syr William Jones y Tra dysgedig Ysgolhaig Am yr Ysgrythyrau Sanctaidd Yr Hon a ysgrifenodd ar ddalen wen yn ei Feibl ei hun'); prayers by Thomas Richards, Darowen; copious biographical memoranda relating to the family of Richards of Darowen; letters from Thomas Richards, Darowen to members of his family, 1814-37 and undated (the appointment of Lewis Richards to the rectorship of Llanerful, local and family news, the writer's health, news of friends, a new school for Hugh Jone[s] Maesglase, a Christmas service, the receipt of tithes), to [John Luxmore, bishop of St Asaph] [1829] (jealousy arising from a meeting at Darowen) (incomplete), to [ ], 1809 (Darowen charities), to [ ], 1814 (enclosing [bishop's] transcripts), to Mrs Lewis, Post Office, Machynlleth, 1817 (a debt due to the recipient), to the Reverend [ ], undated (thanks for a benefaction), to Mr [Daniel?] Crosthwaite, portrait painter, Liverpool, 1837 (personal, a proposed visit by R[ichard] Richard[s]), and to Baron [Sir Richard] Richard[s], Caer Ynwch, 1796 (personal, conveying a gift of a Dovey salmon); letters from [Mary Richards] to Thomas, Lewis and Jane [Richards], 1837 (the health of the writer's father), L[ewis] Richards, Jes[us] Coll[ege], Oxford to D[avid] Richard[s], Llansilin, 1842 [recte 1824] (the writer's ordination), Adam Sedgwick, Cambridge to Mary Richards, Llangynyw, 1855 (the death of the recipient's brother Thomas) (two copies; see also MS 284), Charles Meyer, Pen Main to [?Thomas Richards] undated (a visit to the recipient), D. R. Thomas, Cefn Rectory, S[t] Asaph to [Mary] Richard[s], 1876 (the death of the recipient's sister Jane), Walter Davies ['Gwallter Mechain'], Manafon to D[avid] Richar[ds], Llansilin, undated (a visit to the recipient, a collection of musical compositions) and to T[homas] Richards, Llangynyw, 1837 (the death of Thomas Richards, Darowen), Griffith Williams, Dolgellau to Mair Richards, Darowen, 1838 (the death of the recipient's father), Moris Jones ('Meurig Idris'), Dolgellau to Mair Richards, 1841 (the death of the recipient's mother), William Pughe, Mallwyd to T[homas] Richard[s], Darowen, 1810 (a benefaction for the writer), Roderic Lewis, Llanbryn Mair to T[homas] Richar[ds], Darowen, 1833 (a petition for the better observation of the Sabbath), R. Brougham, London to T[homas] Richards, Darowen, 1848 [sic] (a return by the recipient), J. J. Muncher, Bristol to T[homas] Richard[s], Darowen, 1837 (an annuity for Mary Evan, a blind person of Darowen), Augustus [Pemberton] Salisbury, Exeter College [Oxford] to T[homas] Richards, Llangynyw, 1848 (the death of the writer's 'poor friend'), Evan Evans ['Ieuan Glan Geirionydd'], Aberrhyw to the Richards family [at Darowen], 1823 (the writer's arrival at Aberrhyw and his impressions of the place, news of friends and greetings to friends) (original letter in Cwrtmawr MS 534), Robert Davies ('Bardd Nantglyn') to T[homas] Richard[s], Darowen, c. 1820 (the writer's stay at Nannau and proposed visit to Carmarthen, enclosing poetry), Thos Charles, Bala to [Thomas Richards at Llan-ym-Mawddwy], 1796 (the payment of a draft), William Farre, Carno to T[homas] Richards, Darowen, 1837 (accepting an invitation, Mr Crossthait [sic] and a likeness of the recipient and Mrs Richard[s]), (Lewis Hughes, bishop of St Davids] to [ ], 1791 (the receipt of Darowen annual and lactual), Arthur Gardener [London] to [T[homas] Richards, Darowen], 1834 (Church Influence Society), David Jones, Penant to T[homas] Richards, Llan y Mowddy, 1787 (the ordination of the writer as a deacon), etc.; poetry in strict and free metres by Robert Dafydd (Nantglyn), D. Davies ('Pruddfab'), [William Roberts] ('Gwilim Aran') (Dolgellau), William Williams ('Gwilim ab Iorwerth') (Darowen), Morris Jones ('Meirig Idris') (Dolgellau), Edward Davies ('Heddgeidwad', Llan Erful), Walter Davies ['Gwallter Mechain'], Evan Evans (['Ieuan] Glan Geirionydd'), [Benjamin Jones] ('P. A. Mon'), Robert Parry ('Robin Ddu Eryri'), Aneurin Owen, [William Edwards] ('Gwilym Padarn'), Roger Butler Clough, Sion Powel, (Llansannan), Owan Robert, [T.] Richard[s] (Darowen), [Rowland Parry] ('[Ieuan] Carn Dochan'), [John] Athelystan Owen ('Bardd Meirion'), etc., and anonymous poems; a list of subscriptions at Llan y Mowddwy for Welsh Bibles and New Testaments, 1899 [recte 1799]; an appeal by T[homas] Richards on behalf of S.P.C.K. to the churchwarden and overseers of the poor of Darowen for subscriptions towards the distribution of Bibles, 1835; accounts of 'plygain' and Christmas services at Darowen Church, 1826-36; a voucher of T[homas] Richards for books, 1804-5; an application to the Governors of Christ Church Hospital on behalf of Evan Jones, Darowen for assistance from the Reverend William Heathrington's Charity to the Blind, 1815; a petition on behalf of Mary, daughter of John Jones and Mary, his wife, a blind person resident in Llanbrynmair, for an annuity from the Charity of John Merlot, Bristol, 1820; a message of thanks to [Ashley Cooper, 6th] earl of Shaftesbury for a gift of three fringed mantles to Mary, Jane and Elizabeth Richards ('Copi or diol[ch]garwch a anfonwyd ir gwir Anrhydeddus Iarll Chafsbury am ei rodd o dair ffaling o ledr Woodstock a ridens Gwyrdd ... un i Mary a Jane ag Elizabeth Richards ar ol ei arosfa yn Nhy ei Brawd Par. T. Richards ... fe ddanfonwyd y diolch yn y llythyrenau Coelbren y Beirdd); a list of subscriptions in the parish of Darowen towards the celebration of the wedding of Colonel [Sir John] Edwards, [Plas] Machynlleth and Mrs [Harriet] Herbert of Dolforgan [Kerry], 1825; an appeal by Angharad Llwyd, Caerwys to the bards and gentry of Cydewen for subscriptions towards a gift of a silver cup to each of the two wardens of Llan Beblig, Caer Arfon for their opposition to an English incumbent ('yn erbyn Sais i wasanaethu'r Eglwys'), 1843; a notice to John L. Richard[s] to quit Froncoch, parish of Llan Owddyn, 1828, a deposition of Evan Jones[s], Unicorn Inn, Darowen touching the boundaries between Gwern y Bwlch and Ffridd fawr, parish of Cemes, 1830; medical recipes; etc.

Barddoniaeth, etc.

Miscellaneous poetry in strict and free metres by Jonathan Hughes (Dolwen, near Llanrwst), Owen Jones (Dolwen), [W. J. Roberts] 'G[wilym]' Cowlyd', 'Owain Fardd' (1891) and E. Williams, and scraps of anonymous and incomplete poems; a holograph letter from [John Williams, Llangernyw] 'Llenor o'r Llwyni', to 'G[wilym] Cowlyd', undated (the addressee's last letter to the writer)'; and a medical recipe.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents include pp. 11- 36, a draft version of the essay 'A short review of the present state of Welsh MSS.' which appeared as a preface to The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales . . ., vol. I (London, 1801), the present version being a much fuller one than that actually published (see also NLW MSS 13089E, 13104B above); 39-57, transcripts of Welsh poems attributed to Rissierdyn, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, and Huw Dafydd; 68-121, a transcript of a sequence of seventy-two 'englynion' ('Englynion y Clyweit') and poems attributed to Meredydd ap Rosser, Rhys Brychan, Dafydd Llwyd Matheu, Ieuan Rhydd, Siencyn Rissiart, In. Risiarts, Siôn Tudur, Wiliam Cynwal, William Llyn, ? Huw Arwystli, Rhisiart Davies, Esgob Mynyw, Robert Gruffudd ab Ifan, Bartholomew Jones, Huw Llyn, Elis ap Rhys ap Edward, R. Hughes 'o Fôn', D[afydd ap] G[wilym], William Elias, [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg', and Gronwy Ddu (or Hopkin ap Thomas ap Einion), miscellaneous extracts, lists of the children of Llywarch Hen, Urien Rheged, etc.; 125, a note on the poet Siôn Cent; 127-8, genealogical notes on the descendants of Rhys ap Tewdwr headed 'Morganiaid Tredegyr'; 129, memoranda ? relating to the parish of St. Mary, Cardiff; 140-41, a transcript of an incomplete English poem described as an 'Old Poem on Glamorgan. English'; 147-8, extracts from Patrick Symson: The Historie of the Church . . . (London, 1634); 150, an incomplete transcript of a 'cywydd' attributed to Wm. Egwad; 153-4, incomplete notes headed 'History of Dunraven Castle'; 165, a list of people who had attained to a considerable age in Glamorganshire; 166, a transcript of a fragment (end portion) of a letter, December 1726, from Edward Gamage, [rector of] St. Athan, which appears to have contained information relating to the Stradling family of St. Donats (see NLW MS 13100B above); 167-8, ? an outline scheme or chapter headings for a proposed 'History of the Lordship of Glamorgan'; 179-80, notes headed 'Bonedd ag Anfonedd' [from Panton MS 63 now NLW MS 2029B]; 180, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to R. Nanmor, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, and Iolo Goch; 181-2, a list headed 'Llyma enwau Celloedd Cor Illtyd'; 184, notes relating to the descent of the Rev. John Williams, Sevenoaks, Kent, circa 1800, from the Cogan family; 185-6, a list of markets and fairs [in co. Glamorgan]; 187, a note relating to the reform of parliamentary representation; 192-3, chapter headings for a proposed 'History of the British Bards'; 194, a list of old castles in co. Glamorgan; 198 + 203, an account between Edward Williams and Thomas Williams relating to the tuition of the former's children Margaret, Ann, and Taliessin, 1796-1803 (verso used for writing notes); 200-01, a list of literary topics headed 'Testunau gwastadol a sefydledig Beirdd Cadair Morganwg a Gwent ac Euas ac Ergin ac Ystrad Yw . . . derbyniedig bob amser a ganer arnynt . . .'; 204, an anecdote relating to a blind man; 204, three stanzas of Welsh verse by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg'; 208-09, a copy of the inscription on the tomb of the Reverend Daniel Walter, master of Cowbridge School, ob. 25 August 1787, and his brother William, ob. 8 October 1789; 220-21, a short French - English - Welsh vocabulary; 223, an 'englyn' by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg'; 227-9, notes relating to Hindustani prosody, etc.; 230, a brief note on Welsh bards and minstrels; 233 + 240, extracts from [Nicholas Owen:] Caernarvonshire, a sketch of its history . . . [London, 1792]; 236-7, a list of 'Barbarisms in Walter Davies' Translation of [Thomas] Gisborne [A Familiar Survey of the Christian Religion . . .]'; 238 + 235, rules of a scheme for collecting subscriptions for a proposed ? emigration, ? 1797; 243-4, a list of titles of ninety-five Welsh poems, mainly 'cywyddau', headed 'Celfyddydau, moesau, ag arferion'; 246-7, descriptive notes on co. Glamorgan; (continued)

249-52, notes on the waste lands ? of Radnorshire with suggestions relating to inclosures; 255-8, notes on the production of wine in Germany with suggestions re vine growing in Britain; 261, a note on three wells in the lordship of Newton Nottage; 263-6, a list of 'Druidical maxims'; 265, a draft title-page for a second edition of Edward Williams: The Fair Pilgrim, a poem translated from Dafydd ap Gwilym; 268, a note on 'Brut y Saeson'; 269-71, medicinal recipes and other extracts from ? the Annual Register; 273-85, 335-8, religious and philosophical notes or observations; 290-92, notes on heraldic terms, etc ., ? from the Encyclopaedia Britannica; 293-4, ? extracts from [Thomas] Maurice: Indian Antiquities; 299-304, notes headed 'Eastern District of the County of Radnor' (topography, soil, the possibility of coal deposits); 312-13, a transcript of a 'cywydd' attributed to Gutto'r Glyn; 318-19, notes headed 'History of the Bards' referring to Ll[ewely]n Siôn's treatise on bardism; 321-2, notes headed 'Llymma Reithiadur Cerdd'; 341, extracts from Esdras II, chapter XIV; 344, notes on 'Trefn yr Albannau'; 348-9, a list of 'remarkable instances of longevity' ? extracted from the General Magazine, September 1789; 352-3 a 'Table of the fifteen Diationick Chords of the system of the antient'; 355, notes on 'Rheol bwrw pris', 'Y Cant hir', the burning of lime ? in Anglesey, etc.; 356, two lists of rules headed 'Hyn a wna wr yn hiroesawg ag yn iachus', and 'a Fyrhaant einioes dyn ac a'i heneiddia'; 357-9 a list headed 'Llyma rai o Gweiriau Cerdd dant'; 360, notes headed 'A Comparison of the pronounciation of the letters in the Welsh or British tongue to the Greek and Hebrew letters'; 361, notes headed 'Gogwyddor i ddallt y pricciad yn Llyfr Robert ap Hugh y Telynior'; 361 (2), extracts from Sion Rhydderch: Grammadeg Cymraeg [1728]; and 368, a few triads, a few Welsh proverbs, a note relating to Lewys Morys, and a note on the 'Wenhwyseg' as the language of Welsh literature to circa 1300. Interspersed amongst the above items are miscellaneous Welsh verse, lists or groups of Welsh words often with English definitions or explanatory notes, grammatical or etymological notes, etc. In one instance notes have been written on the blank sides of an incomplete copy of Herbert Croft's printed proposals, 1792, for publishing an English dictionary based upon that of Samuel Johnson, and in another on the blank verso of a broadsheet containing a copy of a Latin inscription found in the parish of Gelligaer, co. Glamorgan, with a Welsh translation thereof.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers containing notes, lists, transcripts, jottings, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. Verse items include Welsh poems by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' including an eighteen-stanza poem ?composed in connection with a bardic meeting at Llanilldud Faerdref, Glamorgan, 1797 ('a ddatganwyd yngorsedd Alban Hefin ar fynydd Garth Llanilldud Faerdref ym Morganwg, 1797') (17-29 ), six stanzas ('Salm Newydd') written in connection with 'cadair Morganwg, Alban Hefin, 1797' (35-6), four 'englynion' written in connection with 'cadair Llantrisaint, Alban Hefin, 1767' (93), and miscellaneous other poems (43-4, 53-?7, 61, 70, 73, 77-8, 82, 91, 97, 113, 120, 149-50, 312, 365); transcripts of Welsh poems by other poets including a 'cywydd' attributed to Hywel Llwyd (103-07), eleven stanzas entitled 'Can yr Hen wr o'r Coed' with a note on the author Siencyn lygad Rhawlin of the parish of Llantrisaint Misgin (143-6), three 'englynion' attributed to Siôn Tudur (151), poems attributed to Edward Dafydd and Llen. Siôn 'o Langewydd' (161- 7), an 'englyn' attributed to Ednyfed Fychan (197), 'Cywydd y Messiah' attributed to the Rev. Evan Evans ('Ieuan Wynfardd o Geredigion') (205-16), a sequence of six 'englynion' attributed to Elis Wynn with a note on the author (217-19), an 'englyn' attributed to Richard Philip (307), 'englynion' attributed to Siôn Cent and Gruff. ab Lleision (321), and a sequence of five 'englynion' attributed to D[afydd ap] Gwilym (328); transcripts of, or extracts from, miscellaneous Welsh poems, mostly anonymous (37-41, 48-52, 58-60, 65, 72, 75, 78-9, 89-90, 95, 97-8, 102, 168-72, 341, 366, 372, 380-82 (eight stanzas entitled 'Ffanni Blodau'r Ffair'), 387-8, 390); and transcripts of English poems (89-90, 92, 97, 99- 101, 147, 312, 377-9 (fourteen stanzas headed 'Neath volunteers, a new song' and having the name 'Mrs. Bevan, Neath' at the end), 387-90). Prose items include notes on Bran ab Llyr and his family referred to in the Welsh poem by Edward Williams to be found on pp. 23-9 (30-34), data relating to the birth, baptism, marriage, and death of an Edward Williams, and the birth, baptism, and death of his daughter Elizabeth, the dates ranging from 1747 to 1795 (111; see IM, tt. 80-81), a list of twenty-four personal names under the heading 'MSS. in the hands of common people in Wales' (119), brief notes on post - Roman Wales, historical and literary (121 + 123), a brief note relating to literary figures associated with Glamorgan in medieval times (125), comments, presumably by Edward Williams, on contemporary literary figures in Gwynedd, viz. [David Thomas] 'Dafydd Ddu a'i gywion' and Robert Davies, and in South Wales, viz. Lewis Hopcin of the parish of Llandyfodwg, Siôn Bradford ('Ieuan Tir Iarll'), the Reverend Edward Ifan of Aberdar, the Reverend Thos. Richards of Llangrallo, the Reverend J. Walters, the Reverend [Thomas] Llywelyn, Rhys Morgan of Pencraig Nedd, Dafydd Nicolas of Aberpergwm, and Edward Williams of Llancarvan, these latter being acquaintances of the writer (127-33), a brief note on aphoristic literature, proverbs and triads, etc., in Welsh (138), a note on the natural features of the parish of Llancarvan [co. Glamorgan] (141), a note on 'cynghanedd' attributed to Meiryg Dafydd (151), incomplete notes on bardism beginning 'Llyma Lyfr y Barddas sef Dosparth cyfarwyddyd a wnaeth Ceraint Fardd Glas ar gelfyddyd a gorwyddawd . . . Beirdd Ynys Prydain' (156-7), a list of words [in the Scottish language] headed 'Alan Ramsay's Glossary' (175-9), a medicinal recipe (184), a copy of the inscription on the tombstone of Lydia Phell (ob. 1699) in Quaker's Yard, parish of Merthyr Tydvil, and notes relating to her and her connection with the Quakers (186-7), a brief chronicle of events in Welsh history, mainly in South Wales, 1172-1280 (193-8), notes relating to Gilbert de Clare (temp. Edward I) and to a battle between Wiliam ab Ysbwrn and Iestin ab Gwrgan in 1072 (199-200), ? a copy of the title-page of Theophilus Lindsey: Conversations on the Divine Government . . . (London, 1802) (225), a Welsh version of the text of the Gospel of Nicodemus ('Llyma Efengyl Nicodemys . . . a drosed o'r Lladin gan Syr Dafydd Fychan . . . ') (239-87), horticultural notes (303), a transcript of a letter to the reader written by Dafydd Llwyd in 1663 as an introduction to a history of the Norman Conquest of Glamorgan compiled by him from such sources as the works of Caradoc of Llancarvan, Syr Edward Stradling, Syr Edward Mawnsell, and Antoni Powel of Llwydarth (305-06, 313-16; for an opinion that this prefatory letter was compiled by Edward Williams himself see TLLM., t. 201), a copy of proposals for raising funds for financing a new version of the English Bible (308-09), the music of a 'March by E. Wms' ( 310), brief notes of historical events, meteorological phenomena, etc., in Britain, 60 A.D.-1703 A.D., in non-chronological order (317-18, 322-4), a copy of an epitaph to William Collins ? in Bath abbey (329), a note relating to the mythological account of the origin of letters and subsequent additions to the original number (334), an anecdote relating to a visit to the court of the Emperor of Constantinople by Rhys ap Tewdwr and Iestin ab Gwrgant, their return to Wales, and their quarrel concerning Nest, wife of Iestin, etc. (335-6), notes on 'greeting' and 'questing' poems in Welsh and the practice of making birds, the wind, etc., messengers in such poems (337-8), notes on the early 'systematizing' of the Cimmeric language (346), chronological extracts from the Welsh chronicle 'Brut y Saeson' (349-50, 353-4), a scheme or chapter subject - headings for a proposed history of Wales ('Hanes Cymru yn wyth rhann') ( 352), 'A Table of the Roman Kalendar' (356-7), genealogical data relating to Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg')'s family on his mother's side gathered allegedly in conversations with Lewys Hopcin, a kinsman (363-4), very brief notes relating to the bards D[afy]dd ap Gwilym, Sion Cent, Rhys Goch Eryri, Iolo Goch, and Rhys Goch 'o Dir Iarll' (375), a copy of a letter from [Edward Williams] 'Iorwerth Gwilym' from Trefflemin, 1770, [to the publishers of Trysorfa Gwybodaeth] expressing his delight at their publishing venture and offering a sequence of twelve 'englynion' (also transcribed) for publication (see Trysorfa Gwybodaeth neu Eurgrawn Cymraeg, 1770) (384-6), and groups or lists of Welsh words including place-names and proper names (62, 71, 81-2, 92, 148, 341, 347-8 371, 376). Notes in a few instances have been written on the blank dorse or margins of copies of a printed leaflet announcing the publication of Edward Williams's two volumes of English verse Poems Lyric and Pastoral, and a copy of a printed leaflet announcing the publication of 'A Complete Directory and Guide to the town of Cardiff, the Town and Castle of Caerphilly, . . .' in 1813.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers containing notes, lists, jottings, etc., of an extremely varied nature in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound into one volume. The contents, pagination in brackets, include a copy of a notice relating to the proclamation in 1816 of the holding of a bardic convention at Pen rhiw'r gwydd in the cantref of Garth Mathrin, co. Glamorgan, in the following year (30-31); a list of 'Druidical altars in Glamorgan' (38-9); brief genealogical data relating to Llywelyn Bren Ail of Sainghenydd [ob. 1317] (45); a list of 'Documents of Welsh History Translated from Ancient British Manuscripts by Edward Williams' and a list of four dissertations relating to early British history, 'ancient Welsh MSS.', etc. [by the said Edward Williams] ? to be published in part form (46-7); another list of source material headed 'By Edward Williams. Welsh Historical Documents Collections for a New History of Wales consisting of Translations of' (48); a list of events, etc., relating mainly to British history A.D. 79 - A.D. 460 (54-5); a brief note on the church and parish of Lanedarn, co. Glamorgan (61); a sketch ground plan of the lay-out of Rumney house and garden (62-3); brief lists or groups of Welsh words (64, 92, 105, 113, 117- 18, 123, 125, 133, 138, 155, 165, 204-12, 218-19, 259, 331-2, 334, 340-41, 361-2, 370, 371, 389); a short pedigree tracing the descent in direct line of Dafydd ap Hopkin from Bleddyn ap Maenarch (68); five draft stanzas of a Welsh hymn and two other stanzas of Welsh verse (70); a list of fifteen items under the heading 'Yniales' being presumably a list of items contained in an alleged manuscript volume bearing that name (74; see TLLM, sub nomine in index); an incomplete note on a meeting of bards and musicians at Castell Nedd, ? 1088, convened by Rys ap Tewdwr and attended by Iestyn ap Gwrgan and his wife and daughter Nest, and the saving of the daughter from Rys's intended abduction of her (73-4); miscellanea including Welsh triads, brief notes on Gower sheep, Hereford Ryelands in Glamorgan, the production of butter in Glamorgan, etc. (72, 75, 77); a list of Welsh names of grammatical tenses (83); a brief note on the village of Wrinston and its neighbourhood [co. Glamorgan] (84); an anecdote relating to Sir Gilbert Stradling's presence with Richard I at the siege of Acres and the creation of the order of the Knights of the Blue Garter (85); miscellaneous notes relating to Welsh triads and their attribution to fictitious names, the basic reasons for the continued existence of the bardic system of Glamorgan, etc. (87-8); a list of mythological items and persons headed 'Damhegion Beirdd Ynys Prydain' (89); an extract from the poem 'Angar Cyfyndawd' from the Book of Taliesin (91); copies of two 'englynion' by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (94); a remedy for asthma (95); a list of fifteen faults in metre and 'cynghanedd' which should be avoided by Welsh bards according to the Glamorgan system (98); a list of twelve ? subject or chapter headings under the superscription 'A brief analysis of the Cimbric or Welsh language' being ? the outline of an intended article or booklet on the said subject (101-02); a stanza of Welsh verse by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (106); a list of nine Welsh manuscript sources, e.g. 'Brut y Tywysogion', 'Brut y Saeson', 'Trioedd Ynys Prydain', under the heading 'Works in hand by Edwd. Williams. Collections for the History of Wales' (107); (continued)

Brief genealogies in direct line of Einion ap Gwalchmai and Bleddyn ab Llywarch (107); a list of Welsh proverbs or proverbial expressions (114, 186, 189, 398); nine stanzas of an English patriotic poem transcribed from the Bristol Gazette of 24 August 1803 (115-16); brief notes relating to inscribed stones in Glamorgan and the bardic 'Cadair Tir Iarll' (126); a brief note relating to Taliesin and the Welsh metres and the retention of knowledge of the ancient principles of poetry, etc., in Glamorgan (129); brief notes on Saint Caradoc (132); a note on the boundaries of Glamorgan (135-6); biographical data relating to Edward Ifan, 1716-98 [Presbyterian minister and poet], with transcripts of two commemorative 'englynion' to him attributed to Wiliam Harri 'o blwyf Penderyn' (142-5; see TLLM, and IM, sub nomine in index and more particularly TLLM, tt. 245-51); a note relating to the probable degree of civilisation prevailing amongst the early Cimmeri (149); a transcript of [Horace's Ode XXII from Book 1] (151-2); brief observations by E[dward] Williams on [Thomas] Gray' s poem '[The] Bard' (156-7); a draft version of six stanzas of English verse and a copy of an ? incomplete 'cywydd' by [Edward Williams] 'I[olo] Morganwg' (160-63); a note relating to the extent of Morgannwg and to the bardic 'Cadair Caerllion ar Wysg' and 'Cadair Dinefwr ag Ystrad Tywy' (170 ); a transcript of a 'cywydd' attributed to Ieuan Tew (173-4); a note on the bardic 'Trwyddedog Nawdd' (177); a brief note relating to Cuneddaf Wledig and his sons in North Wales (183); a draft version of an English sonnet written [by Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg'] in December 1792 (185 + 190); the introductory section of proposed notes on the history of Morgannwg allegedly extracted from a volume formerly in the possession of the Reverend Edward Gamais, rector of St. Athan, and then in the hands of Mr. John Spenser of the same parish (187); notes on the implications of civilisation in social polity, religion, social economy, domestic economy, etc. (192-7); an outline of a 'Letter to Napoleon by E[dward] W[illiams] in the Character of a Quaker', in which he sets out, in nine points, his advice to the recipient and his principles for government, etc. (200-03); notes on the organisation of the bards and bardic system by King Arthur (213 + 218); a list of Latin and English names of trees, grasses, etc., under the headings 'Additions to Turton' and 'Not in Bingley' (214-17); a genealogy showing the descent in direct line of Hu Gadarn (218); a stanza of Welsh free-metre verse by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (219); sketches of, and notes on,? the ruins of Gwern y Cleppa house [co. Monmouth] (220-22); notes relating to resolutions of the Welsh bardic fraternity in 1798 (235-6); a list of 'Rare plants in Glamorgan' (239 + 244); a notice relating to an advertisement concerning a proposed harbour and tramroad at Newton [co. Glamorgan] headed 'Cambrian, Aug. 11th 1819' (241-2); a list of 'Fish in Glamorgan' (247-8); brief architectural notes relating to Coyty Castle and Coyty Church [co. Glamorgan] (250); a draft of a statement [by Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg'] to the effect that certain authors who had published psalms had borrowed lines or couplets from his psalms and not he from theirs (253-4); a brief note referring to W[illiam] O[wen] P[ugh] and [Owen Jones] 'Owain Myfyr' in a derogatory manner (259-60); notes referring to developments in 'cynghanedd', etc., the Emperor Arthur and the bardic 'dosparth y Ford Gron', the rediscovery by Rhys ap Tewdwr, when in exile in Brittany, of books relating to the said 'dosparth y Ford Gron', the bardic chairs 'Cadair Morganwg', 'Cadair Gereinwg', 'Cadair Caerllion ar Wysg yn Nhir Iarll', 'Cadair Urien Reged', 'Cadair Gwynedd a Phowys', and 'Cadair Marchwiail', and 'Gorsedd Beirdd Ynys Prydain' (266-73); extracts from the Welsh Scriptures, all except one being from the New Testament (274-81); philosophical and religious observations (291-302) ? connected with the inscription 'Hints for an Essay on the Christian prophecies now fulfilling in the world' on p. 290; brief notes relating to 'flag and bastard lias' and 'rag lias' soils, an ancient course or rotation of crops on 'flag and bastard lias strong soils' in Glamorgan, species of wheat ? found in Glamorgan, etc. (310-12); (continued)

A formula for making 'water cement for cisterns, etc., or to plaister walls in houses to keep out water' (313); notes headed 'Farming Calendar, Glam[ organ], from observation', outlining the work to be done in every month of the year (314-17); names of the parts of speech in Welsh and a list of the letters of the Welsh alphabet (333 + 330); a brief note relating to Welsh literature in the Middle Ages (338); a Welsh version of an inscription on a column erected by the inhabitants of 'Môn ag Arfon' to honour Henry William, Marquis of Anglesey, and his heroism whilst fighting in Spain and at the battle of Waterloo (342); a short list of 'Silurian idioms' and 'Deudneudisms' (346); a list of Biblical texts ? containing references to the devil (347 + 352); a copy of what, by inference, was the allegedly concluding passage of the work called 'Cyfrinach Beirdd Ynys Prydain' in which the reputed author, Llywelyn Siôn of Llangewydd, co. Glamorgan [poet and copyist], claims that he extracted his information from various volumes in Raglan Castle [co. Glamorgan] in the possession of Sir William Herbert ('o Lyfrau Lewys Morganwg . . . ag o hen lyfrau eraill yno nid amgen na Llyfrau Edeyrn Dafawd aur'), and a copy of a note attributed to Edward Dafydd stating that the said Sir William had intended setting up a printing press in Cardiff Castle to print the Welsh works ('i brinto'r Llyfrau Cymraeg'), that he had died before doing so, and that Raglan Castle and its library ('a'r cyfan o'r llyfrau') had been set on fire by the followers of Oliver [Cromwell] (349-50); a list of five triads headed 'Trioedd Iaith ag ymadrodd' (353); draft stanzas of Welsh religious verse ? hymns (355); notes relating to metrical feet - 'corfannau cerdd dafod' (367- 8); a brief note on Ceraint Fardd and his contribution to 'cynghanedd' (369); an extract from the Gent[leman's] Mag[azine], December 1795, relating to a brass sword discovered at Buildwas, co. Salop (370); a list of 'Gower villages' (381 + 378); a transcript of a 'cywydd' attributed to Ior[werth] Fynglwyd (385-7); pencil sketches of ? sections of Dunraven peninsula (388 + 390); a brief biographical note relating to Rhydderch ap Ieuan Llwyd of Glynn Aeron (392); miscellaneous stanzas of Welsh free- and strict-metre verse including a 'tawddgyrch cadwynog' attributed to Gwilym Tew 'o Lynn Taf' and two free-metre stanzas by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (393-6); versions of an 'englyn' in Latin, English, and Welsh, the Latin version bearing the name of Daf. Nicolas (399); an 'englyn' by [ Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (399); a twenty-point plan being a 'Sketch of a New System whereon a Religious Society may be formed' (400-09); a list of 'Meteorological observations and adages collected in Glam[organ]' (422-5); brief extracts from the poems of Cynddelw (97, 104, 206), Tudur Aled (133), Rhys Goch ap Rhiccart (138), D[afydd ap] G[wilym] (141), and Ed[mund] Prys (369); and other miscellanea. Pp. 191, 255, 260, 364, 397 contain lines of musical notation being possibly in some instances the airs of tunes. Notes in some instances have been written on the verso or in the margins of the following, pagination in brackets, - an undated ? holograph letter from Thomas Rhys to Edward Williams (seeking aid for H. Walters) (53); a ? holograph letter, 1812, from John Bishop Estlin from Bristol to Thomas John of St. Athan (recipient's eyesight, the writer was sending two pairs of glasses) (71 + 76); an account from Taliesin Williams to Mr. Bradley in respect of cutting letters and painting (87); an incomplete holograph letter from Edwd. Williams to Sir Robert L. Blosse, Bart. (personal) (106); an undated holograph letter from Thos. William from Froom, Sumnerset, to his sister (he was at work 'in this town', his brother [Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg'] could have work 'in the Marble way' at Devizes for fifteen shillings a week) (131 + 140); a copy of a printed prospectus advertising a proposed new edition of poems by Charles James (147-8 and two unnumbered pages between p. 154 and p. 155); a copy of a printed circular from John Walter from Piccadilly, 1790, offering his services as an agent at the approaching General Election (150 + 153); a note in the third person, January 1815, from Dr. Prichard inviting Mr. Williams and his son to dinner (158); a copy of a printed account of the receipts and payments of the Cymmrodorion Society on behalf of the churchwardens and parishioners of the parish of Trefdraeth, co. Anglesey, in their suit, 1769-1773, against Dr. Bowies, rector of the parish, concerning the legality of presenting non Welsh-speaking incumbents to livings in Wales (two unnumbered pages between p. 204 and p. 205 and two unnumbered pages between p. 210 and p. 211); an incomplete draft of a petition from Edward Lloyd, schoolmaster, to persons in the town and vicinity of Neath, recounting his war service, 1756-1763, on board H.M.S. Trident (212 + 2190); a receipt, 8 February 1794, from J. C. Matthews [bookbinder] to Mr. Williams [? Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg'] for sixteen shillings received by the hand of Mr. Bingley 'for 100 Setts Poems', and a note from W. Bingley to [? Edward Williams] relating to the said account and 'your other binders bill' (234 + 237); a copy of printed proposals for publishing Edward Williams's two volumes of English poems Poems Lyric and Pastoral (263-4, 290 + 309); and a copy of printed proposals for publishing in monthly parts Hanes Bywydau, Dioddefiadau, a Marwolaethau y Merthyron Cristianogol translated from the English martyrology of [John] Fox[e] with other additional material (327 + 336).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Barddoniaeth, etc.,

Miscellaneous papers and home-made booklets containing transcripts, lists, notes, memoranda, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. Pp. 1-64 contain transcripts of Welsh strict-metre poems attributed to Dafydd Benwyn, Siôn Ieuan ap Rhys Fychan, Llywelyn ap Hywel ap Ieuan ap Gronw 'o Lantrisant Misgyn', Iorwerth Hen, Dafydd Llwyd Mathau, Ieuan Du'r Bilwg, Owain ap Llywelyn ap y Moel y Pantri, Dafydd Hopcin 'o Blwyf y Coetty', Siôn Bradford, Rhys Morgan 'o Ben Craig Nedd', Gutto'r Glynn, Bedo Brwynllys, Syr Rhisiart Lewys, Siôn ap Hywel Gwynn, Rhisiart Iorwerth, Rhys Goch 'o Eryri', Ieuan Dyfi, Hopcin ap Thomas ab Einion, Dafydd ap Gwilym, and Hywel ap Dafydd ap Ieuan ap Rhys, with occasional notes on the poet and / or the poem attributed to Siôn Bradford. Preceding p. 1 are two, brown- paper leaves one of which is inscribed 'Englynion, Awdlau, a Chywyddau o Lyfr Ieuan Bradford a'i synniadau ef arnynt'. Other Welsh verse items transcribed include sequences of 'Englynion y misoedd' attributed to Merfyn Gwawdrydd and Madawg ab Merfyn Gwawdrydd (77- 85, 95-8), 'englynion' attributed to Gruff. ab Daf. ab Tudur (93), Rhisiart Iorwerth (93), Dafydd Nicolas, Aberpergwm (99), Cadwgan ap Rhys ( 99), Thos. Lln. Regoes (99), Llawdden (100), Ieuan Brydydd Hir (101), Siôn ap Dafydd (207), [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (216, 257), John Jones ' o Fôn' (218), D. Edmwnd (282), Tudur Aled (359), Edmwnd Prys (438), Gruff. Philip (438), and D[afydd ap] G[wilym] (470), a 'cywydd' attributed to Robert Huws 'o Fôn' (101-03), three poems entitled 'Buarth Beirdd', 'Canu y byd mawr', and 'Canu y byd bychan' [from the 'Book of Taliesin'] (105-10), a sequence of 'Englynion y coedydd a gant y Beirdd yn eu Cadair gân yn Llangynwyd', the 'englynion' being attributed to Edward Dafydd, Dafydd Edward, Charles Meredydd, Siams Thomas, Hywel Rhys, Dafydd Rhys, William Lidwn, Hopcin Thomas, Siôn Padam, Mathew Llwyd 'o Gelli Gaer', Llywelyn Thomas, and Harri Lleision 'o Lancarfan' (121-3), an 'awdl' and a sequence of eleven 'englynion' attributed to Edward Evans (125-30), extracts from the works of the Cynfeirdd as published in The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales, vol. I, here transcribed under the superscription 'Assonances of the school of Taliesin or of the 6th century' (149-63), ten stanzas with the title 'Cân i'r llaw' attributed to Siôn Wiliams 'o Landathan' (181-4), further extracts from the works of the Cynfeirdd as published in The Myvyrian Archaiology, vol. I, under the superscription 'Cynghanedd unawdl. Consonance of rhime the only consonance that was systematically required by the Bards of the ancient school' (202-04), four stanzas with the title 'Darnau o Gân y Mab o'r Dolau Gleision' (209), further extracts from the works of the Cynfeirdd as published in The Myvyrian Archaiology (210-12), extracts from 'Y Gododdin' (374-85), and three stanzas attributed to Mabclaf ap Llywarch (489). (continued)

Prose items include a note on a 'vellum, very ancient' manuscript of the 'Laws of Dyfnwal Moelmud and other ancient Laws antecedent to those of Hywel Dda' allegedly to be found amongst the Hengwrt MSS in the late seventeenth century (93-4), triads (133-4, 136, 279), an account of 'wear and tear expences, daily expences on my [? Edward Williams's] Tour thro' South Wales in 1802' (167), a list of 'Names of Places in N[orth] W[ales]' (168-9), notes on Gruffydd ap Cynan's connection with the Welsh bardic laws (177-80), a brief note on Welsh vernacular dialects (180), a brief genealogy of Syr Rhys ap Thomas (187), a brief account of 'schools' of Welsh poetry, viz. the Ancient or Primitive school, the schools of Taliesin, Gruffydd ap Cynan, Tir Iarll or Rhys goch ap Rhiccert, and Llawdden, the Northwalian school, the schools of Nature, Gronwy Owain, Glamorgan, and the Gwyneddigion, the modern Southwalian school, and the school of the Jumpers including 'William Williams, the hymn carpenter' (258-9, 188-91, 196-9, leaves misplaced), two lists headed 'Naw Cyhydedd' and 'Corvannau' (201), a brief note on 'cynghanedd lusc', assonant terminations, and initial and complex alliterations (205), a brief pedigree of George Owain (206), a list with the superscription 'Letters and Essays of Iolo Morganwg' (219, 235), lists of caps and wigs which would be sold 'at the Annual Fair' on All Fool's Day (222-3), a list of 'Gwyr Cwm y Felin' (224; see NLW MS 13121B above ), two medicinal recipes for the cure of cancer (227-8), a statistical table showing average rainfall in various parts of the British Isles (228), a similar table showing the population of various South Wales towns [? circa 1800, see IM, t. 5] (230), a ? introductory note to an intended collection of Welsh proverbs and aphorisms (231), extracts from The Crit[ical] Review, June 1803 (233-4), lists of rare plants, various kinds of stone, clay, etc., castles, abbeys and monasteries, ancient houses in the Gothic style, other ruins, [gentlemen's] seats, British and Roman camps, and Druidical monuments, ? all in Glamorgan (240-52), a list of Glamorgan exports (253), a list of 'Fish in Ogmore River' (255-6), a brief pedigree of Oliver Cromwell (280), a list of Welsh families who derived their surnames from their place of residence (393-4), a list of North Wales poets whose names were derived from place-names and a list of South Wales poets (395-6), notes headed 'Peculiarities of the North Walian dialect' (405-09), a list of 'Barbarous names of places in Anglesea' (413), ? extracts from 'Adam Littleton's Latin Geographical and Historical Dictionary, Anno 1678' (429-31), a note on Llanfachreth church [co. Merioneth] (438), a list of the commissioners at the 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys [co. Flint], 9 Elizabeth I, and of some of the bards licensed at the said 'eisteddfod' (453), two lots of notes on agriculture headed 'Ffermyddiaeth hen' and 'Hen ffermyddiaeth' (455-7), and biographical or genealogical notes or data (sometimes very brief) relating to Llywelyn Brenn, Ifor ap Einon, Llywelyn Bren Hen and Llywelyn Bren Ieuanc (165), Rhys Pritchard (176), Walter Lollard, Dafydd Ddu Hiraddug, John Stow, [John] Gower, and [Geoffrey] Chaucer (193), John de Ecclescliff, Lleibiaw, Ceraint Hir, Nicholas ap Gwrgant, and John Pascall, all bishops of Llandaff (192 + 200), Ifor Hael (200 + 235), Thos. Wilkins, rector of Lanmaes, ob. 1699 (200), Edward Davies, rector of St. Brides, ob. 1672 ( 201), members of the Berkrolls family (217), Gwynfardd Dyfed (235), and Wm. Llyn (487). Also included in the volume are lists or groups of Welsh words (sometimes with English definitions), extracts of varying length from the works of Welsh bards and poets (sometimes to provide examples of specific words, phrases, or names, e.g. Hu Gadarn), and notes or memoranda on a variety of subjects.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A volume containing miscellany of prose and verse items in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'), divided into three sections each described on its 'title-page' as 'Brith y Coed sef cynnulliad cymmysg o hen Bethau Cymreig Rhyddiaith a Phrydyddiaeth Cynnulliad Iolo Morganwg'. These three sections are numbered Rhifyn 1, 11, 111 respectively. The contents of section 1 (pp. i-viii, 1-153) consist of miscellaneous items including notes on the three bardic brothers Ednyfed, Madawc (Benfras), and Llywelyn ap Gruffudd of Marchwiail [co. Denbigh] (11), copies of versions of the dedicatory epistle to Richard Mostyn and the letter to the reader which Gruffudd Hiraethog composed as introductory material to his booklet or volume 'Lloegr drigiant ddifyrrwch Brytanaidd Gymro' which contained, inter alia, his collection of Welsh proverbs (see D. J. Bowen: Gruffudd Hiraethog a'i Oes (Caerdydd, 1958), tt. 32-7) (33-42), a list of old Welsh words extracted from the aforementioned booklet (37), a copy of Simwnt Vychan's licence as 'pencerdd' granted at the Caerwys eisteddfod, 1567 (42- 3), miscellaneous Welsh proverbs (44-5, 72), a list of fifteenth and sixteenth century Welsh bards with the names of their burial places (59-62 ), an anecdote relating to Siôn Mowddwy (64), a copy of the marriage vow ( Welsh) in force in the time of Oliver Cromwell (73), a brief note on the orthography of the 'Black Book of Carmarthen' (73), medicinal recipes (74- 5), a description of a traditional Glamorgan game called 'Chware cnau mewn Llaw' (see IM, tt. 51-2) (76), anecdotes purporting to give biographical data re Dafydd ap Gwilym (77-85), an anecdote relating to Rhisiart Iorwerth 'o Langynwyd' incorporating an 'englyn' attributed to him (86-7), an anecdote re the imprisonment of people in Cardiff gaol for their religious views in the reign of Mary [Tudor] (93-6), an anecdote re a meeting of poets at Ystrad Ywain [co. Glamorgan] in 1720 (98), a note relating to Llywelyn Bren Hen (100), a brief pedigree of the Abermarlais family (101), a list of Welsh proper names derived from Latin (105-06), a note on 'cerdd gadair' and 'cerdd deuluaidd' (107), a series of triads entitled 'Trioedd y Cybydd' (117-20), a few triads with other miscellanea ( 132-3), a note on violent winds near Ruthyn [co. Denbigh] in 1628-1629 (137-8 ), an extract from a letter from John Lloyd ap Huw to Edward Llwyd of the [Ashmolean] Museum [Oxford], 1698, concerning the location of certain ' cistiau' and stone circles (138-9), a note on Tudur Aled with a list of bards licensed at an 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys in 1565 (150-51), and an anecdote relating to Tomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes' (152); prose items, lists, etc., with the superscriptions 'Llyma enwau Pedwar Marchog ar hugain Llys Arthur . . .' (1-10), 'Llyma enwau Arfau Arthur' (10), 'Llyma Enwau llongau . . . Arthur' (10), 'Casbethau Cattwg Ddoeth' (16), 'Enwau y Pedair camp ar hugain (24 accomplishments) a'r achos y gwnaethpwyd hwynt' (17-19), Pedwar Marchog ar hugaint oedd yn Llys Arthur . . .' (20-23), 'Cynghorion Ystudfach fardd' (27-8), 'Cyngor Taliesin . . . i Afawn ei Fab . . .' (46), 'Llyma achau a Bonedd rhai o'r Prydyddion' (49), 'Ymryson yr Enaid a'r Corph yr hwn a droes Iolo Goch o'r Lladin yng Nghymraeg' (65-70 ), 'Naw Rhinwedd y gofyn Duw gan Ddyn' (70-71), 'Graddau Carennydd' (92), 'Coffedigaeth am ladd y Tywysog Llywelyn ap Gruffudd . . . ' (130-31), 'Y Saith Veddwl teithiol' (134-5), 'Llyma saith Rhad yr Yspryd Glân' (135), 'Llyma'r . . . saith Bechod marwol' (135), 'Llyma saith weithred y drugaredd' (135), 'Llyma Weddi y Pader' (136), 'Enwau y nawnyn a diriwys yn gyntaf yn Fforest Glynn Cothi' (142-3), and 'Chwe peth a ddifa Lloegr' (148); and transcripts of Welsh poems in strict and free metre, often single 'englynion', including poems attributed to Rhys Goch Eryri (12), Thomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes' (12,141), Gruffydd Hiraethog (13), Simwnt Fychan (? 13, 109), Bleddyn ddu (13), Dafydd Benwyn (13), Richard Hughes ( 14, 116), Wm. Llyn (14), Elis Wynn 'o blwyf Llanuwchlyn' (15), Taliesin Ben Beirdd (23, 90-91, 104), Ystudfach fardd (23-6), Thomas Gruffudd (32), Llen. Deio Pywel (46), Llywelyn Siôn 'o Langewydd' (47-8), Hopcin ap Thomas ap Einon 'o Ynys Dawy' (50), Gytto'r Glynn (55), Thomas Glynn Cothi (57-8), Tomas Lewys 'o Lechau' (63-4), Morys Dwyfech (72), Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys (87-8), William Dafydd 'o Abercwmyfuwch' (88-9), Siôn y Cent (97, 112- 14), Dafydd ap Gwilym (99, 108), Edward Richards (108), Revd. Mr. Davies, Bangor (108), Tudur Aled (109), Edward Maelor (109), Rhys Cain (110, 115), Dafydd ap Siancyn Fynglwyd (110), Roger Cyffin (110), Siôn Tudur (110), Syr Huw Dafydd 'o Euas' (111), Ieuan Brydydd Hir 'o Lanyllted' (111), Thomas Powel 'o Euas' (111), Dafydd ab Edmwnd (114), Rhisiart Iorwerth (115), Syr Ifan, 'offeiriad Carno' (115), Matthew Owen (115), ? Huw Morys ( 115), Rhisiart Philip (115), Cynddelw Brydydd Mawr (116), Seisyllt Bryffwrch (116), Dafydd Nanmor (131), Iago ab Dewi (140), Llywelyn Tomas ( 141), and Rhobin Ddu 'o Fôn' (143-8), a sequence of fifteen stanzas called 'Araith y Gwragedd' (29-32), a sequence of 'Englynion y Misoedd' attributed to Syppyn Cyfeiliog or Cneppyn Gwerthrynion reputedly 'o Lyfr Ysgrif yn llaw'r Dr. Dafis o Fallwyd' (121-4), and a sequence of thirty-two 'Englynion yr Eira' attributed to Macclaff ap Llywarch (125-30). (continued)

Section 2 (pp. 161-312) contains miscellaneous items including a note relating to Morgan Llywelyn ? 'o Regoes' (170), a short list of Welsh bards who had acted as bardic teachers to other bards (198), miscellaneous genealogical and chronological data (220-21), lists of Welsh bards 'yn amser y Clymiad cyntaf ar Gerdd', 'yn yr ail clymiad Cerdd', and 'yn amser y trydydd Clymiad ar Gerdd' (225-32), a copy of an introduction written by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' in 1800 to a proposed booklet to be called 'Gwern Doethineb' containing ? extracts from miscellaneous Welsh manuscript sources (268-70), a brief chronicle of events in Welsh and British history to 1318 A.D. (275-9), a further brief chronicle of events in Welsh and British history to 1420 A.D. (280-300), and a third brief chronicle of such events to 1404 A.D. (301-03); prose items or lists with the superscriptions 'Henaifion Byd' (171-5), '14 Prif geinciau Cadwgan a Chyhelyn' (186-7), 'Llyma Ddosparth Cerdd Dant' (211-14), 'Llyma enwau y pedwar mesur ar hugain Cerdd dant' (214-15), 'Llyma y saith mesur ar hugain' (215-16), 'Llyma Lyfr a elwir Cadwedigaeth Cerdd Dannau . . .' ( 217-19), 'Llyma yr ystatys a wnaeth Gruffudd ap Cynan i'r Penceirddiaid a'r Athrawon i gymmeryd Disgyblion . . .' (271-4), and 'Dosparth yr awgrym' ( 303); and transcripts of Welsh poems, sometimes a single 'englyn', including poems attributed to Dafydd ap Gwilym (169-70, 205), Siôn y Cent (175-9), Huw Machno (180-84), Thomas Carn (184-5), Thomas Dafydd ap Ieuan ap Rhys 'o Bwll y Crochan' (a sequence of twenty 'Englynion Eiry Mynydd ar Ddiarhebion') (187-93), Dafydd ap Edmwnt (194), Siôn Brwynog (195, 200), Hywel ap Syr Mathew (196), Dicc Huws (197), Syr Thomas Williams 'o Drefriw' (199), Dafydd Nanmor (200, 304), Thomas James (200), Rhys Cain (201, 203 ), Siôn Philip (201-02), Huw Pennant (202), Morgan ap Huw Lewys (202), Huw Arwystli (204), Tudur fardd coch (205), Llawdden fardd (206), Dafydd Manuel (207-10), Guttyn Owain (222-4), Edward Dafydd (265-7), and Thomas Llewelyn 'o Regoes' (304), a series of 'englynion' mostly to the nightingale reputedly composed in connection with 'eisteddfodau' held at Caerwys including 'englynion' attributed to Siôn Tudur, Wiliam Cynwal, Wiliam Lleyn, Rd. Davies, escob Mynyw, Robert Gruffydd ab Ieuan, Bartholom Jones, Huw Llyn, Elis ab Rhys ab Edward, Syr Lewys 'o Langyndeyrn', Hittin Grydd, and Lewys ab Edward (233-9), a series of one hundred and sixty stanzas with the superscription 'Chwedlau'r Doethion (o Lyfr Tre Brynn)' each stanza commencing 'A glywaist ti chwedl' (240-60), and a second sequence of thirty-four stanzas of the same nature (260-65).

Section 3 (pp. 313-444) includes prose items with the superscriptions 'Llyma Ragaraith Bardd Ifor Hael' (with a note thereon by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg') (335-9) 'Cas Bethau Bardd Ifor Hael' (339), 'Trithlws ar ddeg Ynys Prydain' (340-41), 'Llyma fal y telid iawn dros alanas gynt. . .' (352), 'Llyma ddosparth yr awgrym' (356), 'Dewis Bethau Bach Buddugre' (357-8) 'Casbeth Ieuan Gyffylog' (358-9), 'Casbethau Dafydd Maelienydd' (362-3), 'Llyma gynghorion y Dryw o'r Llwyn glas' (364-6), 'Llyma gynhorion Gwas y Dryw' (366), 'Araith Ieuan Brydydd Hir o Lanylltid' (with a note thereon by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg') (369-72), 'Llyma Enwau Prif Gaerydd Ynys Prydain' (393-7), and 'Dewis bethau Hywel Lygadgwsg' (424-5); transcripts of Welsh poems, sometimes a single 'englyn', including poems attributed to Wmffre Dafydd ab Han, 'clochydd Llan Bryn Mair' (321-7), Wiliam Philip 'o'r Hendre Fechan' (328-34), Morgan Mwcci Mawr (334), Richard Wiliam (343-9, 374), Dafydd Llwyd 'yn ymyl Llanrwst' (351), Dafydd Ddu 'o Hiraddug' (351), Llywelyn fawr y dyrnwr (360-61), Ieuan Brydydd Hir ( 372-4), Merfyn Gwawdrydd ('canu misoedd y flwyddyn') (375-82), Guttyn Owain (383-4), Maclaf ab Llywarch ('Eiry Mynydd' stanzas) (385-9), Taliesin Ben Beirdd (390-91, 398-401), Dafydd Edward 'o Fargam' (417), Thomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes' (417), Ednyfed Fychan (418), Morgan Llywelyn 'o Gastell Nedd' (419), Ystudfach Fardd (twenty-four 'Englynion y Bidiau') (421-4), Gwgan ab Bleddyn (426-7), and Davydd Davies 'o Gastell Hywel' (432); and miscellaneous items including instructions in Welsh for making fishing hooks ('Modd y gwneir Bachau enwair') (342-3), medicinal recipes (349-51, 420), lists of Welsh proverbs (353-5, 367-8), an anecdote re Taliesin and Maelgwn Gwynedd (391-2), a copy of the introduction written by Thomas Wiliems [of Trefriw] to his Latin - Welsh dictionary 'Thesaurus Linguae Latinae et Cambrobrytannicae' transcribed by [Edward Williams] ' Iolo Morganwg' from one of the manuscripts of Paul Panton of Plas Gwyn, Anglesey (now NLW MS 1983 of which see ff. 48-56) (402-13), a note by 'Iolo Morganwg' relating to Thomas Wiliems (414-15), a note relating to Cattwg Ddoeth (418), brief notes on Dafydd ap Gwilym, Llawdden Fardd, Dafydd ap Edmwnd, and Tudur Aled (428), four versions of the Lord's Prayer in Welsh 'o'r un llyfr yn llaw Edward Llwyd' (429-31), a note on Tudur Aled (432), and a short treatise commencing 'Llyma son am Fonedd ag anfonedd sef y traether am fonedd ac anfonedd yn hynn o fodd . . .' (433-9 ). Each section is preceded by a list of contents.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Letters, vol. I,

A volume made up of correspondence, poetry, printed items, etc. The letters, about one hundred and six in number, 1786-1806, are addressed (except where otherwise stated) to William Owen [-Pughe], and the correspondents, in alphabetical order, are the following: p. 505, Mary Belk, French Gate, Doncaster, 1805 (1, to Mrs. Owen) (mention of visions of Mrs. Southcott, etc.); p. 443, Edward Charles ['Siamas Wynedd'], London, n.d. (1) (he wishes to subscribe to the dictionary, a series of twelve 'englynion' ('Molawd y llyfr')); p. 471, Wm. Cunnington, Heytesbury, 1806 ( 1) (an account of Marden or Merden between Devizes and Everly [sic]); p. 278, J[ohn] Daniel, [Carmarthen, 1793] (1) (a note re copies ordered of the dictionary); pp. 239, 241, 245, Edwd. Davies, Sodbury, 1792 (2, and 'Scheme of an Essay on the History of the Bards') (sending a paraphrase of Taliesin's elegy on the death of Owain son of Urien prince of Reged); p. 470, Hugh Davies, Beaumares, 1806 (1) (mention of the abridgement of the addressee's great work, he has nearly completed the trifle containing the account of the British names of plants, a gout prescription); pp. 219, 273, 291, 501, Walter Davies, 'Gwallter Mechain', All Souls Col[lege], Oxford, and Myfod,1793-1805 and undated (4, one to Owen Jones) (the addressee's dictionary, the Cylchgrawn, re the return of Owen Jones's books, the writer's work in connection with the S.P.C.K. Welsh Bible, he is setting off for South Wales owing to Iolo [Morganwg]'s strange conduct); p. 163, G[eorge] Ellis, London, [1803] (1) (mention of Walter Scott, the Mabinogion, Leyden's opinion); p. 155, W[illiam] Gunn, Irstead, Norwich, 1803 (1) (the illness of his eldest daughter, requesting further assistance in identifying the British cities of Nennius, the 'Vindication of the Celts' by the addressee's friend); pp. 483, 488, 491, Richd. Hoare, [1805] (2, and a list of persons and places mentioned in the Hirlas poem) (various queries re Giraldus); pp. 281, 379, John Jones, curate of Llangadfan, Llangadfan, 1790 and [1793] (2) (the specimen of the addressee's dictionary, a request concerning a near relation (a girl) who is anxious to come to London); pp. 255, 263, 288 ('englynion'), 381, 439, Thomas Jones, Colommendy, Corwen, Llanrhaiadr in Mochant [sic], and Excise Office, Bristol, 1789-1795 (4, two to Edward Jones ['Bardd y Brenin']) (sending 'penillion' (enclosure wanting), the Bala Eisteddfod (1789), the St. Asaph Eisteddfod (1790), the addressee's proposed dictionary, chance and not choice has brought him to Bristol for two years, mention of John Evans, the Penmorfa Eisteddfod (1795), a young Quaker in Bristol (unnamed), the writer's health); pp. 267, 282, 289, 301, 303, 311, 339, 343, 367, 371, 373, 377, (?)387, 415, Will[iam] Jones, 'Cadfan' or 'Gwilym Cadfan', Llangadfan, 1789-1794 (13 and an address) (words for the dictionary, emigration, autobiographical details, an address 'To all indigenous Cam- brobritons', mention of Ezeckiel Hughes, etc.); p. 345, John Lloyd [Holywell postmark, 1790] (1) (hints concerning the specimen of the addressee's dictionary, subscribers' names); pp. 495, 497, Tho[mas] Lloyd, North Walsham, 1805 (2) (requesting translations of passages (specified) in the 'Wisdom of the Cymri [sic]', Iolo Morgannwg [sic] and the History of the Bards, the Welsh Archaiology); p. 385, Thomas Owans, New Inn, Llanrwst, 1791 (1, to Owen Jones) (a letter to the Gwyneddigion in London mentioning the Llanrwst Eisteddfod and hoping they will be no less assiduous in caring for the work of the old poets, reference to the manuscripts of Dafydd Sion, 'Dewi Fardd', at Trefriw, and to a manuscript of Welsh poetry belonging to Thomas Holland of Manchester, son of John Holland of Te[i]rdan in the parish of Llan-Elian yn rhos, co. Denbigh, his own circumstances); p. 159, Jane Owen, Nassau, New Providence, 1801 (1) ( her plight following the death of John Owen, with a cutting headed 'The Bahama Gazette', 16 Oct. 1801); pp. 285, 295, Richard Powel, 'Y Bardd Glas o'r Gader', Yspytty Ifan, 1793-1794 (2, one to [Thomas Jones, Llanrhaiadr y Mochnant]) (he has not yet received the medal, items of poetry addressed to Thomas Jones, William Owen [-Pughe], and [David Thomas] 'D. Ddu o Eryri '); pp. 277, 307, Morg[a]n J[ohn] Rhees, Carmarthen and Philadelphia, 1793 and 1796 (2 and a printed prospectus of the Cambrian Company); (continued)

pp. 349, 353, 403, 461, W[illiam] Richards, Lynn, 1790-1803 (4) (the addressee's proposed dictionary, the Welsh Indians, how he relinquished his design of compiling a small Welsh dictionary for the use of Gwŷr Dyfed chiefly, mention of three bungling Welsh dictionaries now set on foot); p. 271, Evan Richardson [i.e. Evan Pritchard], 'Ieuan ab Risiart alias Ieuan Llyn', Bryncroes, [17]93 (1) (wishing to know the price of the addressee's dictionary, whether to come to London); pp. 465, 467, 479, Griffith Roberts Senior, Surgeon &c., Dolgelley, 1804 (3) (intelligence that his son Jhon [sic] Roberts is dead, the writer's MSS); pp. 447, 449, D[avid] Samwell, 'D. Feddyg Du', [1797] (2) (the printed proclamation [of the (1798) Caerwys Eisteddfod]); pp. 249, 275, 313, 318, 319, 321, 325, 329, 333, 335, 357, 389, 393, 397, 419, 423, 427, 431, 435, 455, 457, David ( Dafydd) Thomas, 'Dafydd Ddu Eryri', writing from Waunfawr, Llanddeiniolen, Bettws Garmon, Caernarfon, Llanystumdwy, Plas Gwyn, Llanfair Bettws Geraint, and Amlwch, 1786-1798 (21) (literary matters, etc., including the intention of the writer and others to form a society called 'Eryron' (Snowdonians), Barddoniaeth Dafydd ab Guilym, draft proposals for printing 'A Guide to the British Language' by H. & D. Thomas, a draft title-page, etc., for 'Awdlau ar destynau Cymdeithas y Gwyneddigion i'r Eisteddfodau B. A. 1789, 1790, 1791 . . . gan Dafydd Ddu o'r Eryri', and items of poetry); p. 509, G[eorge] Thomson, Edinburgh, 1805 (1) (to Thomas Johnes, see NLW MS 13223C, p. 257) (a request for original Welsh airs, to be harmonized by Haydn); p. 399, John Walters, Cowbridge, 1790 (1) (re the specimen of the addressee's dictionary); and pp. 11, 25, 29, 33, 37, 41, 49, 53, 55, 59, 63, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83, 87, 91, 95, 99, 103, 107, 111, 115, 119, 123, 127, 131, 135, 139, 143, 147, 151, Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', writing mainly from Flimston but also from London, Llanrwst, Hafod Uchtryd, Cowbridge, and Gileston, 1788-1806 (33) (literary and personal matters). Some items of poetry are to be found in the letters (see under the names Edward Charles, Edward Davies, William Jones, Richard Powel, and David Thomas). At the beginning of the volume, pp. 3-10, 15-24, are a number of 'cywyddau' attributed to Dafydd ap Gwilym, with notes. These are in the autograph of Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', and they include the poems now known as 'Cywyddau'r Ychwanegiad'. Also in the volume are poetical compositions, some holograph, by Goronwy Owen (pp. 199-218, 451-3), and Lewis Morris, 'Llewelyn Ddu' (pp. 221-33), and instances of the work of the following poets: Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg' (pp. 43-5, ?523-4, holograph), William Philyp [sic] (pp. 170-1), William Wynn, Person Llan- Gynhafal (pp. 189-96), Edm[un]d Price, Archiagon Meirionydd (pp. 197-8), Ieuan ap Hywel Swrdwal or Ieuan ap Rhydderch ap Ieuan Llwyd (pp. 235-7), [David Thomas], 'D[afydd] Dd[u] Er[yri]' (pp. 253-4, holograph), D. Pugh (pp. 529- 30), Robert Davies, Nantglyn (pp. 535-8), Jo. Davies ['Siôn Dafydd Las'] (p. 548), and 'Owen ap loan', Caer-gybi (pp. 553-6) with anonymous pieces on pp. 517-8 and 561-8. Miscellaneous items include the following: pp. 173-84, a transcript in the autograph of Evan Evans, 'Ieuan Fardd' or 'Ieuan Brydydd Hir', of the 'Mirabilia' associated with the 'Historia Brittonum' and of c. 57-66 of the Historia (cf. NLW MS 7011D, pp. 202-12, and NLW MS 1982 (Panton 13), ff. 42 verso-58 recto); pp. 259-62, extracts from certain Wynn of Gwydir papers headed 'Instances of the custom of making presents to the Judges' (? in the autograph of Paul Panton, senior); pp. 407-14, a list, under headings, of Welsh physical and geographical features (? in the autograph of David Thomas, 'Dafydd Ddu Eryri'); pp. 475-6, a list of diocesan registrars, etc.; p. 520, a note concerning the medals to be awarded at the Gwyneddigion eisteddfod of 1790 with mention of those for 1791; pp. 545-6, notes concerning Dr. John Davies of Mallwyd; and pp. 549-50, a list of 'British names of Shells & Crustaceous fish' and 'Prif gaerae ynys Brydain gynt'. The printed items comprise: p. 1, 'Trial by Jury' . . . A Song, sung . . . Feb. 4, 1795 in celebration of the . . . trials . . . and . . . acquittals of Thomas Hardy, John Horne Tooke, and John Thelwall . . .' by Edward Williams ['Iolo Morganwg']; pp. 166-7, 514-5, 540-1, a broadsheet containing 'Dull ac amcanion Cymdeithas y Cymreigyddion' by E[dward] Charles, 1796, and 'Cerdd y Cymreigyddion' by J[ohn] Jones, Glan y Gors (three copies, the first endorsed 'Mr. Owen from T. Roberts'); pp. 361- 3, 'Ode for the New Year', 1790, attributed elsewhere to David Samwell; pp. 365, 519, an announcement concerning the Gwyneddigion eisteddfod to be held at Bala the following Michaelmas [1789] and the subjects for the ensuing year (two copies); p. 521, 'Plan of the Triangles made use of for obtaining the Geometrical Distance and Altitude of Snowdon and Moel Eilio with respect to the Sea at Carnarvon. Augt. 1775' extracted from Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Vol. LXVII, Tab. XVIII, p. 788; pp. 525-8, 'The Arabic Alphabet' with notes (two copies); and p. 533, an announcement of the forthcoming publication of Heroic Odes and Elegies of Llywarch Hen, with translation by William Owen. There are also a few loose papers.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers containing notes, transcripts, extracts, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together into one volume. The contents include pp. 1-16, extracts from the works of various Welsh bards under the superscription 'Bardic allusions to ancient usages, institutions, ideas, &c.'; 16, a list of the seven attributes of God ('Saith Angheneddyl Duw'); 16-17, a group of eight Welsh triads attributed to Syr Wiliam Herbert of Raglan; 18-19, a brief note on the Irish in Anglesey and North Wales; 19-20, Biblical allusions to the practice of writing on wood; 22-3, further extracts from the works of Welsh poets similar to those on pp. 1-16; 25, Welsh triads; 26, a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Evan Evans y Prydydd Hir; 27, three stanzas of a Welsh poem headed 'Pennillion Iolo Morganwg'; 34-5, a list of thirty-six 'Southwalian Gogynfeirdd'; 35, a brief note on Gruffudd ap Cynan's introduction of 'Scaldic Literature', etc., into Wales; 36-7, notes on the use of the 'englyn milwr' measure by 'Southwalian Bards', and on the meaning of the word 'anaw' and of the element 'chwyfan' in the name of the Flintshire antiquity 'Maen chwyfan'; 38-9, a list of 'Writers on the Art of Poetry now Extant' in South Wales and N[orth] Wales; 41, a query relating to 'the Caerwys Bards or Eisteddfod'; 41, a note on the Welsh bards' refusal to introduce fiction into poetry; 42-4, notes headed 'On Coelbren y Beirdd'; 45-50, notes headed 'Bards of the 11th to the 13th centuries' stressing the impact on Welsh poetry of the Scandinavian Scaldic influence introduced via the court of Gruffudd ap Cynan; 51-9, notes headed 'Bards of the 15th Century in S[outh] Wales' dealing mainly with the influence of Norman and Provencal poetry on the twelfth century Welsh poet Rhys Goch ap Rhys ap Rhiccart and other Welsh bards via the courts of the Norman lords in Glamorgan, its continuance in the work of Dafydd ap Gwilym, etc.; 60-73, notes headed 'Modern Poetry of North Wales' containing general, mainly derogatory comments on North Wales poetry from the seventeenth century onwards with references to Lewys Morris, Edward Morris, Hugh Moris, Rice Jones of Blaenau, Goronwy Owain, and other poets, the practice of borrowing or imitating metres from English songs and ballads, the results of the literary competitions inaugurated by the Gwyneddigion Society, etc.; 74-92 notes headed 'Modern South Walian Poetry' dealing mainly with the 'song writing' or 'popular poetry' tradition in South Wales as contrasted with North Wales; 93-6, notes relating largely to the tale called 'Cyfarwyddyd Einiawn ap Gwalchmai a Rhiain y Glasgoed'; 97-102, miscellanea headed 'Mân bethau perthynas (sic) i'r Beirdd a Barddoniaeth'; (continued)

104-08, notes relating to the society commonly known as 'Gwyr Cwm y Felin' which existed at Cwm y Felin in Betws Tir Iarll [co. Glamorgan], with references to its connection with the druidical and bardic tradition and its association with Lollardy in the past and Unitarianism in the present (see NLW MS 13121B above); 109, a transcript of three stanzas of Welsh verse headed 'Myned yn y maen. To take the chair. . .'; 110, notes on a theory that there were two poets called Dafydd Nanmor, the one a grandson of the other; 121, a list of seven rules headed 'Some Rules of Welsh versification'; 122, a 'scheme' or chapter headings for a 'History of the Bards'; 123-46, a short essay or article on the 'History of the Welsh Language' containing observations on the three main dialects, viz. Silurian, Demetian, and Venedotian, their use in Welsh literature, etc.; 147-9, lists of early bishops of Llandaf and of the bishops of Wales before the time of Garmon ('Escobion Cymru Cynog Amser Garmon'), and notes on the meaning of the words 'cor' and 'bangor'; 151-3, a pedigree of the ? Williams family of Aberpergwm; 163-88, notes and extracts relating to the manufacture of beet sugar, the cultivation of trees and potatoes, the making of varnishes, wines, etc., and medicinal recipes; 201-02, a note headed 'Bards secret and gripe'; 203, a list headed 'Proverbial and idiomatic expressions in Glamorgan'; 215-18, transcripts of miscellaneous Welsh verse including two 'englynion tawddgyrch cadwynog' attributed to Edward Evan 'o Aberdar' and Lewys Hopcin of the parish of Llandyfodwg [co. Glamorgan], an 'englyn' attributed to Siôn Tudur, and six stanzas headed 'Y Credadyn ar farw idd ei enaid' being reputedly a translation from Pope's ode entitled 'The dying Christian to his soul', and extracts from 'cywyddau' attributed to Edmund Prys; 228, notes headed 'Gwehelyth y Simwniaid'; 229, a note on madness in dogs; 240-41, a list of Welsh names of fruits; 247-53, extracts from The Monthly Review, 1790, vol. I, including a transcript of 'Robinson's Elegy on leaving Westminster College'; 278, a note referring to the tradition relating to the alleged Trojan colonization of Italy; 285-6, a ? draft of proposals for publishing a Welsh religious and literary journal to be called 'Goleugrawn Deheubarth Cymry', publication to be annually or quarterly, the first number to appear towards the beginning of 1817; 303- 05, an extract relating to 'healing wounded trees'; 310-11, notes on a proposed 'water wheel at ye present forge [at Kevan] . . ., 29 Jan. 1787'; 315-16, a horticultural note and a medicinal recipe; and 321-7, transcripts of three 'cywyddau' ? attributed to Dafydd ap Gwilym. Also found on various pages are groups or lists of Welsh words, miscellaneous Welsh triads, and other miscellaneous items. Some of the notes have been written on the blank verso or in the margins of copies of printed leaflets advertising 'Sea Bathing' and 'Genteel Lodgings' at the Ball, Swanbridge, seven miles from Cardiff, the wares of Tucketts and Fletcher, grocers and tea dealers, Bristol, and the wares of E. M. Downing at his 'Grand Musical Repository', Bristol, and a printed copy of 'An Elegy on the late Reverend John Wesley'.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Transcripts by Mary Richards,

A volume of transcripts by Mary Richards, including 'cywyddau' and 'englynion' by Dafydd ap Gwilim, Thomas Pryse, Robert ap Howel ap Morgan ('o Langower'), David Llwyd ap Hugh, Gruffydd ab Meredydd ab Dafydd, Sion Philip ('ne Owen Gwynedd'), R[obert] Leiaf, Tudur Aled, Dafydd Emanuel, Dio ap Ie[ua]n Du, [Lewys] Morganwg, S[ion] Tuddur, Howel ap Gytto, W. Llwyd, Gruff. Llwyd ap D'd ap Einion, Ifan Tew Brydydd, Gytto or Glyn, etc., and anonymous poetry; later poetry of personal and local interest, in both strict and free metres (especially 'englynion') by (among others) John Blackwell ('Alun'), Walter Davies ('Gwallter Mechain'), [John Jones] ('Myllin'), Sion Cain Jones ('Sion Ceiriog'), Evan Jones (Gwyneddon, Aberhonddu), Richard Hughes (rector of Llany Mowddwy), Thomas Elis (Caerwys), Robert Davies ('Bardd Nantglyn'), R. Llwyd (Llangynyw), David Rowland(s) ('Dewi Brefi'), Evan Evans (['Ieuan] Glangeironydd'), John Robert (Hersedd), David Richards ('Dewi Silin'), Cadwaladr Dafydd (Llan y Mowddwy), Jon. Evans (Glandyfi), Sion Prys (Mowddwy) ('o Bennant'), Morris Jones ('Meurig Idris'), Dafydd Ellis (Mowddwy), David Jones (Llwyn y Maen), Mr Philips ('or Hays'), Goronwy Owen ('Goronwy Ddu o Fôn'), John Davies (Dolgoch, Llanbrynmair), [William Williams] 'Gwilim ab Iorwerth' (Darowen), [John Athelstan Owen] ('Bardd Meirion'), [William Williams] ('Gwilym Cyfeiliog'), Thomas Jones (Llynlleifiad), Rowland Parry (Llanuwchllyn), [Benjamin Jones] ('P. A. Mon'), 'Cynddelw ab David ab Thomas ab Richard ab Thomas (Hirnant), Evan Jones ('Saer Darowen') and Aneurin Owen, and anonymous poetry; letters largely to members of the Richards family of Darowen from James Evans, secretary, Cymrod[or]ion or Metrepolitan [sic] Cambrian Institution, 1821 (the election of Mary Richards to honorary membership), T. Price ('Carnhuanawg'), Crickhowel, 1833 (the preservation of the Welsh language), Robert Davies (Dafydd), Nantglyn, 1820-34 (2) (visits to the recipients, the writer's search for books of 'Diliau Barddas'), John Jones, Bryn Derfel, 1833 (an invitation), Edward Davies, 1829 (a parcel from [John] Blackwell ['Alun'], a proposed visit), Richd. Owen, Hendre Gadog, 1811 (a translation by Goronwy Owen), [Anthony Ashley-Cooper 7th earl of Shaftesbury, styled] Lord Ashley, 1827 (Denbigh eisteddfod), John Evan, Llanfyllin, undated [1826] (the illness of 'Myllin'), Reginald Heber [aft. bishop of Calcutta] Hodnet, 1822 (a donation towards the education of Evan Evans [?'Ieuan Glan Geirionydd']), John Robert, Herseth, Nannerch, 1824 (subscribing to Y Gwyliedydd) and John Blackwell ('Alun'), Aberhiw, 1826 (an account of festivities at Darowen Vicarage), and an original letter from W[alter] D[avies] ['Gwallter Mechain'], 1816 (a carol for publication in Cylchgrawn Cymru); and miscellanea, including an obituary notice of the Reverend Daniel Rowland [Llangeitho] by the Reverend Thos. Charles, Bala, 1790, a treatise on angling entitled 'Am Bysgota', an introduction to a text book on music ('Music Soniarus'), incomplete depositions of 'old men' (Hugh Jones etc.) touching the boundaries and rights and liberties of properties in Llan Mowddwy, Merioneth, 1788, household and medical recipes, an anecdote concerning the Prince of Wales (aft. King Edward VII), etc. Inset is a prospectus, 1822, 'For Publishing, by Subscription, in the Welsh Language, a book called The Reformation of Wales; containing the destruction of monasterys and a correct account of several Cambri Britons who suffer'd Martyrdom ... by William Owen' (See William Owen Drych Crefyddol, Lle'rpwll, 1824). Much of the volume was probably compiled during the late 1840's, but there are additions to the early 1870s.

Llyfr Hir Mair Richards,

A manuscript consisting largely of transcripts and memoranda by Mary Richards and Thomas Richards of Darowen. The volume appears originally to have been used as an account book of receipts and disbursements in respect of the farms of Llwyn, Cafnmaelen and Byrthlwydd [parish of Dolgellau, Merioneth], 1799-1802, and also to record biographies of [James Crichton, 'The Admirable'], Sir Francis Walsingham, Sir Francis Drake and William Cecil, Lord Burghley. The additions made by the Richards family consist of contemporary and some near-contemporary poetry in both strict and free metres by Walter Davies ('Gwallter Mechain'), Robert Parry (Eglwysfach, Denbighshire), [Morris Jones] 'Meurig Idris', Robin Ddu o Fôn, David Richards ('Dewi Silin'), Sion Pryse (Penant Mowddwy), [John Jones] 'Myllin', Dafydd Ellis (Mowddwy), William Owain (1822), [Thomas Edwards] 'Twm o'r Nant', John Roberts (Herseth), [Hugh Jones] 'H[uw] Erfyl', Evan Evans ('Ieuan Glan Geirionydd'), William Jones ('Cawrdaf'), David Rees (1785), John Morgan ('o Lanfread Ceredigion'), Hugh Moris, Robert Davies ('Bardd Nantglyn'), Evan Evan ('o Arwydd yr Arth'), H. Griffith ('H[arri] Goch'), Robt Parry (Darowen), Robert Richard ('mab Hugh Richard Tailiwr Darowen'), [William Williams] 'Gwilym ab Iorwerth' (Darowen), Richard Richards [Meifod], William Pugh, J[ohn] H[ughes], Pontrobert, [John Jones] 'Ioan Tegid', Robert Dafydd ('o Fowddwy'), [Daniel Evans] 'Daniel Ddu o Geredigion', Edward Taliesin Llwyd (Tal y bont, swydd Gaerdigan'), John Athelystan [sic] Owen ('Bardd Meirion'), John Blackwell ['Alun'], John Morris ('Y Wern Philyp, Llanbadarn'), David Morgan (1743), Dafydd Morris (Llanfair Caer Einion), [Robert Williams] 'Robert ap Gwilym Ddu', W. Jones (Llanerful), ? Morris Jones (Towyn), ? Lewis Richards ('Person Llan Erful'), Thomas Williams (Llanfihangel) ['Eos Gwynfa', or 'Eos y Mynydd'], Evan Williams (Darowen), Dafydd Thomas ('Dafydd Ddu Eryri'), [William Edwards] 'Gwilym Padarn', John Williams (Dolgelley), Dafydd William (Llandeilo fach), Thomas Ellis (Caerwys), etc., and anonymous compositions; transcripts and extracts from earlier manuscripts, consisting largely of 'cywyddau', 'awdlau', etc. by Ifan Llwyd, Edward Urien, Huw Mathew, Leilin [recte Heilin] Fardd, Rys Cain, Davydd ap Gwilim, Dafydd Nanmor, Lewis Trefnant, Efan Tew, Mathew Bromfield, Syr Owen ap Gwilim ('Persson Owen'), Owen Gwynedd, William Llyn, Huw Arwystl, John Philip, Rissiart Philip, Sion Cent, Evan Llwyd Owain Erigain [recte 'o waun Einion'], Morus ap I[eu]an ab Einion [Morus Dwyfech], Lewys Glyn Cothi, Edmund Prys, Owain ap Rhys ap Sion ap Howel Koetmor, Sion Tudur, Ystyffan Bardd Teiliaw, Thomas Lloyd Iangaf ('o Penmaen'), Thomas Pryse (Plas Iolyn), Gwilim ap Ieuan hen, William Cynwal, Syr Rhys Carno, Dafydd Llwyd Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, Meredydd ap Rhys, Llywelyn ap Guttun, Sr Huw Jones ('Bicar Llanvair Ynyffryn Clwyd'), Taliesin, Howel ab Reinallt, Sion Brwynog, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Gutto'r Glyn, Huw Penant, Gruffudd D'd ap Howel, Howel Cilan, Dafydd ap Einion, Gruffudd ap Jenkin ap Llywelyn Vychan, Gruffudd Hiraethog, Deicin Kyfeiliog, Ifan Tudur Owen, Huw Kollwyd [recte Kollwyn], Iefan Brydydd hir, Iolo Goch, etc. and anonymous compositions; letters from W[alter] D[avies] ['Gwallter Mechain'] to T[homas] Richards, Berriew School, 1824 (inscriptions on medals), John Davies, Llanbryn Mair to Mary Richard, Darowen, 1828 (a request for a carol), Dafydd Richards ['Dewi Silin'] to his brother Richard Richards, undated (an appointment), William Tolman, Carnarvon, to [Mary Richards], 1826 (engraving on silver cups presented to Llanbeblig Church), John Blackwell to D. Richard ['Dewi Silin'], Llansilin, undated (enclosing 'englynion'), and Robert Nanney [Llwyn, Dolgelley], Dartmouth to [Thomas] Richards, Llan y Mowddwy, 1793 (the writer's tithe); 'Gofrestr or Tansgryfwyr at y Cwpanau Arian a gasglwyd yn y flwyddyn 1823'; notes on excavations of cairns in Darowen and Cemes; a treatise, being 'a Preface to a Book composed by me L[ewis] M[orris] Entitled Y [swe]lediad byr or holl Gelfyddydau a gwybodaethau Enwogaf yn y Byd June 1729' (extracted from Cwrt Mawr MS 200; see Y Gwyliedydd, 1837, 85-6 et al, and Cymru XII (1897), 261-4: a note on page 185 verso states that 'Trysor Gell Barddoniaeth ... Gan Lewis Morris' (Cwrt Mawr MS 200) was then in the possession of Mrs Watkin, Moel Cerni, Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn, Cardiganshire, and that she also possessed several other manuscripts. Mrs Watkins' father, Mr Morgan 'o Lanfread' is stated to have been a friend of Lewis Morris); 'Grwgnachrwydd yr Oes. Sef Traethawd byr ar un o destynau Eisteddfod Tal y Cafn ... y 30ain o Hydref 1823. Gan Ednyfed', pedigrees (eg Dr John Davies, Mallwyd and Thomas Jones, Esgir Evan, Llanbryn Mair); medical recipes; memoranda and diary entries; cut-out autographs; press cuttings, etc. The volume is lettered 'Llyfr Hir Mair Richards'.

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