Dangos 14907 canlyniad

Disgrifiad archifol
Disgrifiadau lefel uchaf yn unig
Rhagolwg argraffu Gweld:

Llyfr Aneirin

  • NLW Llyfr Aneirin (Cardiff MS 2.81)
  • Ffeil
  • [13 cent., second ½]

A manuscript of the second half of the thirteenth century containing 'Y Gododdin', a series of awdlau lamenting warriors slain in battle at Catraeth, and believed to have been originally composed by Aneirin at the end of the sixth century (pp. 1-24). The awdlau are followed by four poems known as the gorchanau: Gorchan Tudfwlch (pp. 25-26), Gorchan Adebon (p. 26), Gorchan Cynfelyn (pp. 26-28) and Gorchan Maeldderw (pp. 28-38).
The manuscript was written by two scribes: scribe A (pp. 1.1-23.5, 25.1-30.11) and scribe B (pp. 23.6-24.21, 30.12-38.22). The hand of scribe B is also responsible for Peniarth MS 14, pp. 1-44 and Peniarth MS 17; see Ingo Mittendorf, 'Sprachliche und orthographische Besonderheiten eines mittelkymrischen Textes aus dem 13. Jahrhundert (Gwyrthyeu e Wynvydedic Veir)', in Akten des Zweiten Deutschen Keltologen-Symposiums, ed. S. Zimmer, R. Ködderitzsch and A. Wigger, Buchreihe der Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie, 17 (Tübingen, 1999), p. 129. Daniel Huws suggests the Cistercian abbey of Aberconwy as a likely location of the scriptorium; see Medieval Welsh Manuscripts (Cardiff and Aberystwyth, 2000), 75.

Aneirin.

Leaf from a mediæval Bible,

  • NLW MS 23791F [RESTRICTED ACCESS].
  • Ffeil
  • [mid 14 cent.]

A leaf from a manuscript Bible in Latin, copied in England around the middle of the fourteenth century, comprising part of the seventh chapter of the book of Esekiel and the beginning of the eighth, which is marked by an illuminated and decorated initial.

The Merthyr Fragment

  • NLW MS 21972D [RESTRICTED ACCESS].
  • Ffeil
  • [15 cent., first ¼]

Three surviving folia of a lost manuscript in Middle English, written by a professional scribe during the first quarter of the fifteenth century, containing parts of the ‘Nun’s Priest’s Link' and 'Nun's Priest's Tale’ from Geoffrey Chaucer’s 'Canterbury Tales'. Textual contents: f. l recto, VII2784-2820 (B2, 3974-4010) and 'Here endeth the p(ro)loge and bygynneth the tale'; f. 1 verso, VII2822-2860 (B2, 4012-4050); f. 2 recto, VII3021-3058 (B2, 4211-4248); f. 2 verso, VII3060-3098 (B2, 4250-4288); f. 3 recto, VII3184-3222 (B2, 4374-4412); f. 3 verso, VII3223-3262 (B2, 4413-4452).
The folia were formerly tipped in at the back of a copy of Dr John Davies’s Antiquae Linguae Britannicae Dictionarium Duplex (1632). Linne R. Mooney has suggested that the Merthyr Fragment may be in the hand of Adam Pinkhurst; see Alexandra Gillespie and Daniel Wakelin (eds.), The Production of Books in England 1350-1500 (Cambridge, 2011), p. 199n.

Chaucer, Geoffrey, -1400

Llawysgrif Boston o Gyfreithiau Hywel Dda

  • NLW MS 24029A.
  • Ffeil
  • [1350-1425]

A manuscript of the second half of the fourteenth century containing a Llyfr Blegywryd version of the Laws of Hywel Dda, with main text close to that of BL, Cotton, Titus D ix (siglum L). The manuscript was written by four scribes: scribe A (ff. 1-93), scribe B (f. 93), and the more cursive hand of scribe C (ff. 93 verso, 100-101 verso). Scribe D, of the early 15 cent. (f. 97), was responsible for the extraneous section of quire 12 (ff. 94-99), possibly part of another manuscript. This section includes the prayer Emyn Curig (ff. 98-99 verso).
The main text of folios 1-93 (to ln. 6 of f. 93) was transcribed line-for-line for Moses Williams, 'o lyfr William Philips o Aberhodni', in NLW, Llanstephan MS 75, when all but two leaves were present in the manuscript (ff. 7 & 17 being already lost).

A transcript of the present manuscript is available on the Welsh Prose (Rhyddiaith Gymraeg) 1350–1425 project website, and is available online at http://www.rhyddiaithganoloesol.cardiff.ac.uk/en/ms-home.php?ms=Bost5 (viewed December 2012)

Horae.

  • NLW MS 23731A [RESTRICTED ACCESS].
  • Ffeil
  • [15 cent., first ½]

A book of Hours, of unidentified Use, in Latin with a few rubrics in Catalan, [first half of the fifteenth century], from Catalunya or the Pyrenees, containing Calendar (ff. 1-11 verso), Gradual Psalms (ff. 12-27), the Hours of the Virgin, the Mass of the Virgin (ff. 80-6 verso), the Office of the Dead (ff. 87-140), the Penitential Psalms (ff. 141-56), and Litany (ff. 156-66 verso).
The Calendar includes many saints whose cult was particularly important in Spain and Catalunya, including Agatha, Eulalia (of Barcelona, Feb. 12, and [?of Merida], Dec. 10), Baudelius, Quiteria, Justa and Rufina of Seville, Abdon and Senen of Cordoba, Laurence, Felix of Gerona, Theccla, patron of Tarragona, Callistus, patron of Seville, Cecilia, Barbara; similarly the Litany includes Just and Pastor of Alcala de Henares, Cyricus, Theccla and Eulalia; others, such as Radegunde of Poitiers, Tropimus of Arles and Rufus of Avignon mentioned are associated with south and western France. Prayers to St Eulalia are also included in Lauds (f. 51 verso) and Vespers (f. 74 verso). Rubrics by hand I in Catalan on ff. 85 verso-86 verso crossed out, but mostly legible, confirm provenance in the paísos catalans.

Missale

  • NLW MS 492F [RESTRICTED ACCESS].
  • Ffeil
  • [mid-XV cent.]

An illuminated and noted missal of the mid-fifteenth century, probably copied in a London workshop, and apparently of Sarum use. The Rev. W.H. Maskell's theory that it was the sole survivor of the 'use of Bangor' is not substantiated by subsequent authorities on liturgical studies. Originally produced for the church of Great Easton, Essex, for the Calendar includes its dedication, at 4 August ('Dedicacio ecclesie sancti Egidii de Eyston. ad montem'); a note by a later hand at 20 August of the death of William Jaye ('Obitus Willelmi Jaye') and an erased inscription in the bottom margin, show that the manuscript was still at Great Easton in 1508.
References to the pope (e.g. f. 261), to purgatory (f. 256 verso) and to St Thomas of Canterbury (e.g. f. 24) are, as usually, erased or cancelled, particularly so in the calendar. Responses for the marriage service are given in English (f. 240), with English forms of the priest's address to couples added in a late-15th or early-16th cent. hand on f. 239 verso.

Horae

  • NLW MS 15537C [RESTRICTED ACCESS].
  • Ffeil
  • [mid-15 cent.]

The 'De Grey' Book of Hours, [mid-15 cent.].

Llawysgrif Hendregadredd

  • NLW MS 6680B [RESTRICTED ACCESS]
  • Ffeil
  • [14-15 cents]

The Hendregadredd manuscript, containing poems by the Gogynfeirdd bards, etc.
The contents of the manuscript were published by the University of Wales Press Board in 1933 under the title of Llawysgrif Hendregadredd.

The Strata Florida slates

  • GB 0210 STRAFLO
  • Fonds
  • [15 cent.]

Thirty-five inscribed slates from Strata Florida Abbey, Cardiganshire, dated to the fifteenth century. Many of the slates are broken fragments with the inscriptions consequently often being incomplete; all are irregular in shape. The inscriptions comprise both text, the majority being in Welsh with examples of Latin and English, and pictures, comprising zoomorphic and anthropomorphic forms, geometric shapes and patterns, as well as other indefinite markings. The majority of the slates are inscribed on one face only, with eleven bearing inscriptions on both sides (SF 1, 3, 5-7, 15, 19, 22, 24, 28-29).
The five slates SF 13-14, 23, 25-26 are all broken fragments of one original slab (along with other still missing sections); with the exception of SF 13 the fragments can be joined up into one larger piece. SF 13-14 and 26 contain parts of a single epitaph, incised in large outline letters, which together appear to read: 'Hic ia[cet] ...es ap ... [a]p ll[ywelyn] [mona]chus'. SF 33 and 35 are also two fragments of a single slate.

Jean de Rovroy: Le Livre des Stratagèmes

  • NLW MS 23205D [RESTRICTED ACCESS].
  • Ffeil
  • [late 15 cent.]

A late fifteenth-century illuminated manuscript of Les Stratagèmes, the French version of the Latin Stratagemata of Julius Sextus Frontinus, translated, [1439x1460], for Charles VII, king of France, by Jean de Rovroy (fl. 1388-1460), dean of the faculty of theology at the University of Paris, who has added extracts, in French, from the Epitoma Rei Militaris of Vegetius (see R. Bossuat, 'Jean de Rovroy, traducteur des Stratagèmes de Frontin', Bibliothèque d'Humanisme et Renaissance, 22 (1960), 273-86, 469-89). Written by one scribe, 'H. G.', in France (f. 70 verso). Decorated initials with burnished gold for all books and chapters; other initials and paragraph marks in alternate red and blue. Four polychrome miniatures, one representing the translator presenting his book to Charles VII, probably the work of Robinet Testard (fl. 1484-1523), miniaturist to count Charles d'Angoulême (1459 or 1460-1496), later to his wife, Louise de Savoie (1476-1531); retouched in XIX cent.

Neath Ultra rent roll

  • NLW MS 24078G
  • Ffeil
  • 8 November 1540

Rent roll, dated 8 November 1540 (32 Hen. VIII), of the manor of Neath Ultra, Glamorgan, in the court of Francise Sowthewell and William Pooke, commissioners for the king, arranged into free and customary tenants.

Southwell, Francis, -1581

Thomas Jones ('Twm Siôn Cati'): Pedigree roll

  • NLW MS 22338G.
  • Ffeil
  • 1583

Pedigree and achievement of James ap Rhydderch of Laugharne, traced from Urien Rheged, with twenty-eight other coats of arms all emblazoned and painted, 'set forth by me Thomas Jones of Tregaron and finished at Fountayne Gate ... 1583'. Cites authorities, including the roll of 'Morgan Abbott' [?Morgan ap Rhys, abbot of Strata Florida in the 1440s] and the book of 'Hoell Moythee'.

Jones, Thomas, approximately 1530-approximately 1620

Pedigree of Gawen Goodman of Ruthin

  • NLW MS 24106G.
  • Ffeil
  • 1584

Pedigree and achievement, 1584, of Gawen Goodman of Ruthin, compiled by Simwnt Fychan and drawn by Richard Thomlyns of Denbigh, with eighty-eight other coats of arms, nearly all fully painted.
The pedigree shows Goodman's descent, through the female line, from twenty-five prominent ancestors, mostly Welsh, represented by twenty-five shields in two rows at the top of the pedigree; the arms of royal houses are surmounted by gold crowns. The remaining sixty-three coats of arms, the majority of which are impaled, are scattered throughout the pedigree. Personal names are enclosed in roundels. The pedigree includes Gawen's younger brother Gabriel (Dean of Westminster, 1561-1601) and other siblings, as well as Gawen's children and those of his other brother Godfrey. The achievement is placed at the lower right-hand base.

Thomlyns, Richard

Pedigree of Francis Vaughan of Yorkshire

  • NLW MS 24125G.
  • Ffeil
  • 1591

Pedigree and achievement, 1591, of Francis Vaughan (Vychan or Vichan, d. 1597), of [Sutton-upon-Derwent], Yorkshire, compiled by Thomas Jones (Twm Siôn Cati) of Fountain Gate, Cardiganshire, and probably executed by Richard Adams 'paynter of Ludlow' (c.f. NLW Roll 226), with fifty-three fully painted coats of arms, mostly impaled and many quartered.
The pedigree is traced from 'Kradog Vraychvras, Earle off Herefourde', 'Iustyn ap Gurgan, K[ing] of Glamorgan & Morganog', 'Ryes Tewder [Rhys ap Tewdwr], King off Southwales', 'Griffith ap Kynan, King off Northwales', and 'Bleddyn ap Kynvin, Prynce off Powys', as well as from Edward I. Additional information is enclosed in twelve cartouches, mostly scattered throughout the top third of the pedigree, with one each in the bottom corners. The pedigree most closely resembles 'Style 1' in Michael Powell Siddons, Welsh Pedigree Rolls (Aberystwyth, 1996), p. 11. Vaughan's grandfather was Thomas Vaughan of Porthaml, Talgarth, Breconshire; the family's association with Yorkshire began only with Francis's father, John, who settled there early in the reign of Elizabeth I. Francis Vaughan was chief steward of crown lands in the East Riding from 1580, High Sheriff of Yorkshire, 1594-95, and was killed in Ulster, in service to the crown, in July 1597.

Jones, Thomas, approximately 1530-approximately 1620

John Price of Gogerddan pedigree

  • NLW MS 23963G.
  • Ffeil
  • 1598

Pedigree and achievement, 1598, of John Price [or Pryse] of Gogerddan, Cardiganshire, with fifteen coats of arms, all emblazoned and painted, compiled by Thomas Jones of Fountain Gate, Tregaron, Cardiganshire.
The pedigree consists of the achievement of arms in the centre and the arms of Price's male ancestors arranged around the border, and is an example of 'Style 5' in Michael Powell Siddons, Welsh Pedigree Rolls (Aberystwyth, 1996), p. 12. The pedigree is traced from the tenth-century 'Klothian ap Gwydhere' [Cloddien ap Gwrydr Hir] and his wife Morfudd, daughter of Owain ap Tythwalch. Although ascribed to Jones, the pedigree was written by one of a number of scribes employed by him (see Michael Powell Siddons, 'Welsh Pedigree Rolls - Additions and Corrections', National Library of Wales Journal, 32 (2001-2), 433-42 (pp. 433-4), and Daniel Huws, 'Twm Siôn Cati', Carmarthenshire Antiquary, 45 (2009), 39-45 (pp. 40-41, 45)).

Jones, Thomas, approximately 1530-approximately 1620

Humphrey Lhuyd's History of Wales,

  • NLW MS 23202B
  • Ffeil
  • [16 cent., second ½]

A volume, second half of XVI cent., probably in the hand of Thomas Powell (d. 1588), Parc y Drewen, Whittington, co. Salop, containing a much shortened text of Humphrey Lhuyd's English version of Brut y Tywysogion, upon which version David Powel based his Historie of Cambria, now called Wales ... (London, 1584) (see Brut y Tywysogion ... ed. Thomas Jones (Cardiff, 1952), pp. xiv-xviii. Omissions mainly involve passages relating to events outside Wales, church affairs and the papacy, anecdotes, explanations of Welsh personal and place-names, and the arguments against Polydore Vergil). Also included are a pedigree of the kings and princes of North Wales from Cadwaladr to Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (ff. iv-v verso), a painted coat of arms of Cadwaladr (f. 1), and an index of personal and place-names (ff. 168-70 verso). Six lines of English verse are added in a contemporary hand on f. 171 verso.

Powell, Thomas, d. 1588

The Council in the Marches of Wales

  • NLW MS 2377B
  • Ffeil
  • [late 16 cent.]

A contemporary copy of Queen Elizabeth's Instructions, 1586, to the Earl of Pembroke, Lord President of the Council in the Marches of Wales [?in the hand of George Owen, the historian of Pembrokeshire].

Elizabeth I, Queen of England, 1533-1603

Cywyddau

  • NLW MS 16130D.
  • Ffeil
  • 1958

Copi ffotostat, 1958, o lawysgrif yng nghasgliad teulu Cotton, Combermere (ZCR 74/190), yn archifdy swydd Caer, yn cynnwys cywyddau a ysgrifennwyd mewn sawl llaw ar ddiwedd yr unfed ganrif-ar-bymtheg. = A photostat facsimile, 1958, of a manuscript held among the Cotton family of Combermere manuscripts (ZCR 74/190) at the Cheshire County Record Office, containing cywyddau written in several hands at the end of the sixteenth century.
Cyfansoddwyd y cywyddau, [1320x?1580], gan Siôn Phylip (f. 1), Simwnt Fychan (f. 21), Wiliam Cynwal (ff. 6, 28), Rhys Cain (ff. 10, 20), Siôn Tudur (ff. 12, 16, 33, 34, 42), Wiliam Llŷn (f. 25), Lewis ab Edward ('Lewis Meirchion', f. 36), Siôn Cent (ff. 32, 40), Iolo Goch (f. 46), Gruffudd Hiraethog (f. 48), a rhai beirdd anhysbys. = The cywyddau were composed, [1320x?1580], by Siôn Phylip (f. 1), Simwnt Fychan (f. 21), Wiliam Cynwal (ff. 6, 28), Rhys Cain (ff. 10, 20), Siôn Tudur (ff. 12, 16, 33, 34, 42), Wiliam Llŷn (f. 25), Lewis ab Edward ('Lewis Meirchion', f. 36), Siôn Cent (ff. 32, 40), Iolo Goch (f. 46), Gruffudd Hiraethog (f. 48), and a few unidentified poets.

Beunans Ke

  • NLW MS 23849D [RESTRICTED ACCESS].
  • Ffeil
  • [16 cent., second ½]

A volume containing a copy, in a hand of the second half of the sixteenth-century, of a verse play in Middle Cornish, based upon the life of St Kea, a Celtic saint venerated in Cornwall and Brittany (see Albert le Grand (de Morlaix), Les vies des saints de la Bretagne Armorique (Quimper, 5th edition, 1901), pp. 561-567) (ff. 1-8 verso).
The second part of the text (ff. 9-20 verso) derives from the accounts given in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniæ (Books ix.15, x.1-13, xi. 1-2) of King Arthur's quarrel with the Roman emperor Lucius Hiberius over the tribute which the Britons were required to pay to Rome, and of the clandestine relationship of Arthur's nephew, Modred, with Queen Guenevere.

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