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Dafydd Benwyn, 16th cent.
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Achau, barddoniaeth, etc.

An early seventeenth century manuscript, fragile, written c. 1611-1621 and possibly earlier by Roger Williams, clerk, rector of the parish of St. Nicholas, co. Glamorgan [the scribe of parts of Llanstephan MS 41] and containing pedigrees, Welsh poetry, medical and veterinary recipes, etc. Roger Williams [TLLM, 41n, 213-4] was the son of Roger William of Prisk [in the parish of Llanddunwyd (Welsh St. Donats)] and he married Elinor Rees [daughter of Rhys Amheurug (Rees Merrick)]: his pedigree is on p. 27 of this manuscript (cf. Llanstephan MS 41, p. 173). A folio or folios are wanting at the beginning and someone has written the words 'The Isue [sic] of Gruffydd fawr [De Radyr]' opposite the first page (p. 4). The contents, except where otherwise stated, consist of genealogical data relating to the persons or places specified as follows: p. 8, part of an account mentioning Pwllymyn, etc.; 9, the issue of Lle'n ap Kynwrige; 10, a 'cywydd' by Rys Brychan; 12, a 'cywydd' by Howel ap Davyd ap Ievan ap Rees; 14, mention of William Thomas, son of Thomas Gwilim Jenkin of Gwern ddy in the parish of St. Brids near Abergenvenye [sic]; 16, a copy of a general release, 1613, from Elizabeth Howell of Welshe St. Donettes, co. Glamorgan, spinster, to William Rosser of the same, yeoman, executor of the will of Thomas Rosser late of Welshe St. Donettes aforesaid, deceased; 17, recipes; 18, a 'cywydd' by Llewelyn ap Howell ap Ievan Gronow; 21, recipes, extracts, etc.; 24, pedigree of the Mansells; 26, a copy of a note from John Robertes, rector of Langan; 27, descendants of Howell Vawr apris ap Cradocke . . .; 28, Mansells, etc.; 29, descendants of Roger de Londres of Ogmor and Kydwelye; 29-30, 'englynion' by Thomas Lle'n and Sion Tomos Hwel, in another hand, followed by a note concerning the jointure of Agnes Rosser, wife of Thomas Edwardes late deceased of St. Hilarye, co. Glamorgan, gent.; 31, Rychard Thomas of Tree r groes within the parish of Coychurch (cf. 45), copy of a writ, 1598, medical recipes; 34, Bassetts [cf. Llanstephan MS 41, p. 62]; 35, lines of Welsh poetry and a note of a bond [1614], with an 'englyn' by Watkin apowell in the margin; 36, a copy of the will of John Bassett of Bewper in the parish of St. Hilary, 1512[/13] (Latin); 38, weather lore, husbandry, etc.; 45, an 'englyn' by Thomas William Howell, instructions for conducting prayers ('Chwi estyngwch y lawr ar dal ych glynie . . .'); 46, Thomas ap Rychard, register of the consistory court of Landaph, Rys Brydyth o Lanharan and his descendants including Lewis Morganwg (cf. p. 144); 47, Tho: ap Morgan, clerk, vicar of Pentrych [sic], Tho: ap ho'll ap ph'e; 48, veterinary recipes; 49, Sr Mathew Cradock, kt.; 116, Justyn, lo: of Glamorgan, Sr John Carn ('owt of Thomas Johns Collections'); 117, 'ach Godwyn Iarll Kernyw y dynnwyd o lyvyr Iollo goch'; 50, a 'cywydd' by Griffith llwyd davyd ap Inon Liglyw; 52, Collene [sic]; 53, descendants of Davyd Mathew including John Mathew Myles 'late gayler [sic] indicted for willfull escape of John Jenkin one of the murderers' [?1592-1593], Mayndy, Sr. Jo: Gams; 54, Bolston, George Gibon of Trecastell, Howell Johns 'yt dwellyth now in London', etc.; 55, Trym Bennoc ap Maynyrch; 56, 'englynion' by Thomas Lewis 'o Lleche'; 57, Lansannor gwin (Gwyn); 58, Coedbychan. . ., Miskin wrth gornel y park, Lanharan; (continued)

59, Talygarn; 60, Castell Scurla . . ., Hendre vorgan; 61, Byrthyn, parish of Llanblethian; 62, Llanwensan, parish of Peterston super Eley [sic], Abergorky ('Morgan davyd Cadwgans petygree accordinge to Tho: Johns Collections'); 64, John ap Davyd ap Hopkyn ['Ynys Dawe']; 65, Bettus (Llwarch ap Aren); 66, Lantryssent, Kelly gronn nere Collenne . . ., Lanwinno; 67, Colleney (cf. p. 52), Turbills [sic]; 68, Morgan Cradock ap Ph'e . . ., Carries (Wenny); 69, Nash [Carne]; 71, Turbervills; 72, 'drawen owt of Rychard tho: ap gr' gochs Card of William llyn his drawing', Chadles; 74, Davyd ap hopkin ap tho: ap hopkin, Harrye John ap Richard; 75, Goed tree (cf. p. 144), Brigan; 76, Glynogwr; Ryw gwrach y blawd, Rywperrey; 77, Lanbradach and also a reference (twice) to the marriage of 'younge Mr Kemis of monmouth shire dwellynge verye nere to Catch asse', 1613[/14]; 78, Blaen Baglan, Aberavan, and Tir Iarll; 79, Langowyd [?Llangonydd], Neth (Mr Lyson Ievans); 80, Mr (Wm) Price, Cradock ap Iestyn - Blaen Baglan, Gwyrvill verch Hopkin ap d'd ap Hopkin; 81, Wm ap John ap Res ap Jenkin and Lantwyt vaer dree in miskin; 82, Bettus, Bridgend, William ffilib william; 83, Marlas (Rychard ap thomas ap gr' goch) 'drawen owt of Rychard tho: his Card'; 84, Caerwige (parish of Pendoylown), Jenkin ap wm ap gebb'n; 85, Rydlavar, Ystradvellte, Lantrissent; 86, Bach ap Gwayt, Lanylyd; 87, Landow; 88, Marcrosse [Vann], Splott. Bawdripps; 89, (?) Monnton ['Fflemings'], Lantrythed; 90, Groeswen, Sweldon, Margam; 91, Braych y kymor, Langynwyr; 92, Kelligaer i n Seynhenydd, Lewis ap Res, Pendoylon; 93, Broviskin; 94, St Nycholas, Lanharan, Saint fagans. Gibons; 95, Michelston, Bedwes, Broviskin; 96, Pendoylon; 97, 'from Ievan Jenkins of Langowyd' and [from] Thomas Jones; 98, Justyn lo: of Glamorgan; 99, Bleddyn ap Convyn, prince of powis, Griffith ap. Conan k of Gwynedd; 100, Rys ap Tewdwr k of Deheybarth, Elystan Glodrydd, prince betwyn wye and Severn; 101, Bleddyn ap Meynyrch lo: of Brecon, Trym bennog lo: of Cantre selyff, Guillyn lo: of ydstradyw, Einon ap gollwyn, and Argwydd [sic] lle'n; 102, Griffith ap yr argwydd [sic] Rys; 103, descendants of Ph'e fleming; 104, Baydan, parish of Langowyd - Gwayr ap Aren, Ystradyvodwg; 105, Cayre, Sergeant (d'd) Williams; 106, Brigan; 107, Ystrad ffin, Rys Gryg; 111, Aleth k of dyved; 112, Mathravan, followed by miscellaneous pedigrees; 118, (?) Abercrag; 119, Llanvrynach, Maesmawr; 120, Llandy bie, Kydweli, Aber Afan; 121, Brecon [Awbrey]; 122, Llandybie, Tir Rawlff, Arth brengi, Arwystly, Kaer Sws yn Arwystly; 123, Shere drevaldwyn. Kyviliog, Yskethrog Brecon, Sheree [sic] Gaervyrthin [Sr Rys ap tho:]; 126, Gada, Gwinionydd ywch kerdyn, Gwinionydd iskerdyn, Caer wedros; 127, Gwinionydd ywch aeron, Mab ffynion [sic] yn isaeron, Hirvryn, Eifel yn Swydd gaer, Penryn dyfed yn Swydd gaer, Mallaen yn Swydd gaer, Cayo yn Swydd gaer; 128, Carnwllon, Kydweli, Gener glyn yng Credigion, Cwmwd perfedd, Cryddyn ywch arfon ['aeron']; 128(a), Glyn aeron, Llangibi, with a note of the names of the sons of Rice Kemis of Llanvayr, co. Monmouth, 1617 and 1621; 128(b), descendants of Lle'n lia; 129, Ystradyvodwg, Brigan; 130, Langonoyd, Veddifnych yn Sheere gaer; 131, Y Slough, Aber yskyr; 132, Tyr Raulff (cf. p. 122), Pymtheg llwyth Gwynedd; 133, Mibon [sic] kynvarch oer, Shir Gaer [Griffith dwn]; 135, Owein glyndyfrdwy; 136, Langattwg dyffryn vsk; 137, Plant Ievan ap Jenkyn Kemys or began, Plant Sr Tho: Morgan hen o pencoyd, Mibon kenedda wledig ay tiveddiaeth; 139, Meibion kynwyd kynhwydion, Plant llwarch hen, Yal; 140, Pyctown in Pembroke Shire, Whit Church in monmoth Shire; 141, Penros, Troe, Tremsaran in Caerm'then Shire; 142, Aber Gwili Elystan glodrydd; 143, Wm Bleddyn Bishop of landaph, etc., and [(?) an extract from] Davydd Benwyn ' in an ould Rowl of Marlas'; 144, Goed tree (cf. p. 75), and Rys brydydd and his descendants (cf. p. 46); 145, a religious poem in Welsh consisting of thirty-three stanzas in free metre ('tribanau'); 150, recipes; 151, Caerwige, parish of Pendoylown, co. Glamorgan; 152 (insert, in another hand) 'of Troy'; and 155, 'Pymb Brenhinllwyth kymru'. The manuscript contains annotations by both Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', and Taliesin Williams, 'Taliesin ab Iolo'.

Roger Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg' and Taliesin Williams.

Barddoniaeth; doethineb Catwg Ddoeth,

A composite volume containing transcripts of prose and verse items in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Pp. 1-80 contain transcripts of Welsh poems, almost entirely 'englynion', by, or attributed to, Llywelyn ab Rhosser 'o Sainffag[an]', Dafydd Llwyd Mathew, Dafydd ap Siencyn Fynglwyd, Richd. Watcins, vicar Llanellen, Thomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes', Llywelyn Thomas, Edwd. Dafydd 'o Fargam', Siôn y Cent, Siôn Morys 'o Lanfabon', Thomas Lewys 'o Lechau', Rhys Brychan, Hywel Bwr Bach, Huw Cae Llwyd, Dafydd Benwyn, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Morys Cyffin, Hopcin Thomas 'o Faglan', Rhaff ab Rhobert, Siôn Tudur, Gwerfyl Mechain, Rhobert Cludro, Tudur Aled, Dafydd ap Edmwnd, Hywel ap Syr Matthew, Bleddyn Siôn 'o Lancarfan', Hywel Llwyd, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Siôn Philip 'o Hendrewaelod', Lewys Morys, Dafydd, abad Margam, Dafydd Dafies 'o Gastell Hywel', Iolo Morganwg, Huw Llwyd Cynfel, Siôn Cydewain, Llawdden, Syr Lewys Mochnant, Lewis Môn, Roger Cyffln, Syr Ifan o Garno, Wiliam Byrchinsha, Ednyfed Fychan, Cwnin Brydydd, Twm Siôn Catti, Lewys Morganwg, Rhys Brydydd, ? Lewys Glyn Cothi, Dafydd Nanmor, Jenkin Richards 'o Flaenau Gwent', Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleision, Siôn Brwynog, William Cynwal, Richard Huws, Dr. Morgan, esgob Llanelwy, Lewys Powel, William Middelton, Hopcin Tomas ab Einiawn, Elis Drwynhir, Harri ap Thomas ap Wiliam 'o'r Ddiserth', Grufydd Hiraethog, Morys Dwyfech, Owain Gronw, Hywel ap Rhys, Syr Lewys Gethin, Richard Cynwal, Roger y Gwydd, Edmwnd Prys, Dr. R. Davies, esgob Ty Ddewi, Rhys Cain, Huw Roberts Llun, Rhisiart Iorwerth 'o Langynwyd', ? Huw Ednyfed, Einion ap Dafydd Llwyd, Rhydderch Roberts, Syr Lewys y defaid, Syr Lewys Anwyl, Robert ab Han, Syr Ieuan Brydydd, Syr Owain ap Gwilym, Catherin ferch Howel, Wiliam Llyn, Owain Gwynedd, Dafydd Alaw, Evan Llwyd Sieffre, Morgan ap Huw Lewys, Robert Dafydd Llwyd, Wiliam ap Hywel ap Tomas, Morys Parri Llen, Ifan Siôn 'o Wedir', and Sils ap Siôn, and other unattributed poems. The inscriptions on p. 81 and p. 83 and the note on p. 82 appear to indicate that they were intended as cover and 'title-page' respectively for a home-made booklet containing a corpus of 'englynion' by Jenkin Richards of Blaenau Gwent, co. Monmouth, extracted mainly 'o Lyfrau Harri Siôn o Bont y Pwl a Llyfr ym Meddiant Rhys Thomas, Argraffydd o'r Bont Faen ym Morganwg', but only four 'englynion', presumably meant to be attributed to this poet, follow on p. 84. Pp. 91-198 contain miscellaneous items including 91-2, notes headed 'On the oldest places of Christian Worship in Wales'; (continued)

93-7, 105-06, notes, generally derogatory, on the character and literary and metallurgical activities of Lewis Morris; 100- 04, notes on 'Welsh Ideas of Celibacy'; 122-8, a transcript of thirty 'englynion' entitled 'Ymatreg Llywelyn a Gwrnerth' attributed to Tysiliaw fab Brochwel Ysgithrawc; 130, a note relating to an 'eisteddfod' held at Y Pil (Pyle, co. Glamorgan), 1740; 131- 41, notes relating to 'singing to the harp', the 'bardd telyn', carol and 'alsain' verse, the adapting of verse to music, etc.; 147-62, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Rhobert, Tywysog Norddmanty, Morys Kyffin, Wm. Byrchinsha, and Gutto'r Glyn, extracts from the works of various Welsh poets, etc.; 167, a version of William Midleton's introductory epistle [to his Bardhoniaeth neu brydydhiaeth, y llyfr kyntaf (Llundain, 1593)] copied 'Ex Vol. 40. Mr. Panton' [i.e. Panton MS.40 now NLW MS 2008]; 168-9, five stanzas of a hymn tune attributed to Elis Wynn; 169, a transcript of two 'englynion' attributed to Dr. [John] Davies; 171, a list of the commotes and hundreds of Glamorgan copied from '68. P.P.' [i.e. Panton MS 68 now NLW MS 2034]; 175-88, an alphabetical list of Welsh bards 'o Lyfr D'dd Ddu o'r Eryri'; and 188-98, miscellanea including transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Siôn Mawddwy, Ieuan Tew, William Philip, and D[afydd] ab Gwilym, miscellaneous triads, genealogical data relating to various Welsh bards and Syr Rhys ap Thomas, etc. Pp. 207-390 (previously paginated 1-184) contain a collection of maxims, proverbs, triads, sayings, etc., attributed to Cattwg Ddoeth and described on a 'title-page' to the section ( p. 199) as 'Llyma Ddoethineb Cattwg Ddoeth o Lancarvan' and in a concluding note (p. 390) as 'Llyfr y cyntaf y Gwyddfardd Cyfarwydd'. In a note on the aforementioned 'title-page' (p. 199) Edward Williams claims to have transcribed this collection in 1799 from a manuscript in the possession of Siams Thomas of Maerdy Newydd, co. Glamorgan. Preceding and following the actual text of the collection are transcripts of a prefatory letter dated 1685 (pp. 201-06) and of the concluding note already referred to (p. 390) both of which are attributed to the Glamorgan scribe and copyist Thomas ab Iefan of Tre Bryn as compiler of the manuscript from which Edward Williams was allegedly copying (see TLLM, t. 172; IM, tt. 291-4). Pp. 391-477 contain a transcript of a collection, in alphabetical order, of over three thousand Welsh proverbs attributed to Cattwg Ddoeth ('Llyma Ddiarhebion Cattwg Ddoeth . . . sef yw hwnn Ail Lyfr y Gwyddfardd Cyvarwydd'). This collection, according to the aforementioned note at the end of the preceding section (p. 390) attributed to Thomas ab Iefan, had been compiled by the said Thomas from various sources and formed a continuation of the previous section. Edward Williams's claim with regard to the Siams Thomas volume is probably intended to apply to the contents of pp. 391-477 as well. The contents of pp. 199-390 have been published in The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales . . ., vol. III (London, 1807), pp. 1-99.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Barddoniaeth,

A composite volume containing transcripts by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') of Welsh verse in free and strict metres. P. i is inscribed 'Hen Awdlau, Caniadau, a Phennillion amrafaelion eu rhywieu er dangos amrywiold[eb] Mesurau a mydrau Cerdd Dafod Beirdd Cymru mewn oesoedd Amrafaelion a'r amrafaelion newydiadau . . . ym mhrydyddiaeth Beirdd Cymru o amser beugilydd. Cynnulliad o Hen Lyfrau Ysgrif amrafaelion gan Iolo Morganwg . . .', and this may refer to the contents of pp. 1-142 which include transcripts of poems by, or attributed to, Dafydd Llwyd Matthew, Wiliam Llyn, Bedo Brwynllys, Siôn Ceri, Wiliam Egwad, Gwilym ap Ieuan hen, Dafydd Nanmor, Sippyn Cyfeiliog, Elidir Sais, Dafydd o Lynn Nedd, Einiawn Offeiriad, Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleison, Dafydd ap Edmwnd, Richard Cynwal, Taliesin, Rhys Cain, Llawdden, Gwilym Tew, Dafydd Benwyn, Lewys Morganwg, Gutto'r Glynn, Siôn Mowddwy, Siôn Bradford, Rhys Nanmor, and Guttyn Owain. Pp. 143-55 (previously 1-13) contain a transcript of the first part (279 lines) of Aneurin's 'Gododdin'; pp. 159- 90 (previously 1-32), transcripts of fifteen 'cywyddau' (No. 15 incomplete) by, or attributed to, Dafydd ap Gwilym; pp. 199-206 (previously 1-8), transcripts of poems by, or attributed to, Gruff. ap Maredydd ap Dafydd; pp. 225-72, transcripts of, or extracts from, poems by, or attributed to, Dafydd ap Edmund, Llowdden, Siôn ap Dafydd ap . . ., Syr Lewys y defaid, Syr Lewys Anwyl, Robt. ab Ifan, Richd. Dafies, Esgob Dewi, Dafydd Nanmor, Tudur Aled, Wm. Cynwal, Siôn Brwynog, Harri ap Thomas ap Wiliam o'r ddiserth, ? Gruff. Hiraethog, Siôn Tudur, Syr Lewys Gethin, Lewis ab Edward, Dr. Morgan, Esgob Llanelwy, Alis ferch Gruff., Cadwgan ffol, Rhys Cain, Gutto'r Glynn, Iolo Goch, Llywelyn ab Gruffudd, Llywarch Hen, ?Siôn Dafydd Nanmor, Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleison, Hugh bach ab Hywel ab Shenkin, William Llyn, Edd. Llwyd, 'ceidwad y Museum yn Rhydychen', Gwalchmai, Lewis Powel, William Midelton, Bleddyn Fardd, Meil. ab Gwalch., and Pryd. Moch, and a transcript of a prose item ['Araith y gwr moel o Sythia']; and pp. 281-92, transcripts of poems [from the 'Book of Taliesin']. P. 297 is inscribed 'Caniadydd Morganwg sef Casgl o Hen Garolau, Caniadau, a Chwndidau. Rhif 11', and is followed on pp. 301-36 by transcripts of fourteen 'cwndidau' by, or attributed to, Thomas ab Ieuan ab Rhys and one 'cwndid' by, or attributed to, Thomas ap Ieuan Madog. P. 341 is inscribed 'Cwndidau a Chaniadau Rhys Brydydd o Lyfr R. Bradford', and is followed on pp. 343-59 by transcripts of three poems (two 'cwndidau') by, or attributed to, the said poet. Intermingled with the poems are notes or anecdotes relating to the following poets and 'eisteddfodau' - pp. iv, 79, and 121, Gwilym Tew and 'eisteddfodau' at the monastery of Pen Rys in Glyn Rhondde and Caerfyrddin; vii, Lewis Glynn Cothi and Tudur Penllyn; 50, Einion Offeiriad; 60, Dafydd ap Edmwnd and an 'eisteddfod' at Caerfyrddin; 100 and 104-05, Lewys Morganwg and 'Eisteddfod y Penrhyn yn Arfon'; 109 and 235, Gutto'r Glynn; 114, Siôn Mowddwy; 235-6, Iolo Goch; 237, Llywarch Hen; 265, Tudur Aled; and 342, Meredydd Philip (alias Bedo Philip Bach), his brothers Thomas and William, and his nephew Hopcin Thomas Philip, William Dafydd, and Morgan Pywel. Pp. 115-18 contain transcripts of notes on the use of double rhyme ('cyfochri') in some Welsh strict poetic metres and on the vaticinatory element in Welsh verse. These notes are attributed to Siôn Bradford. Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') has inserted comments on some of the poems in the volume.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Barddoniaeth,

An imperfect manuscript consisting mainly of a collection of Welsh poems in strict and free metres including poems by, or attributed to, Siôn Kent, Iolo Goch, Ieuan ap Rydderch ap Ieuan Llwyd, Iorwerth Vynglwyd, Taliessyn Benbeirdd, Twm ap Ifan ap Rhys, Tomas Lewys, Giles ap Siôn (one 'englyn' and ten 'cywyddau' numbered i-iii, v-xi), Mredydd ap Rosser, ? Hopkin Twm Ph'e, Davydd Benwyn, Thomas Brwynllys, William Dyvi, Siôn Mawddwy, Tomas Llywelyn Dyio Pwell 'or ygos ym Morgannwg', Davidd y Vann, Hwel D'd ap Ievan ap Rees, Ieyvan Daylwyn, Iefan ap Howel Swrdwal, Lewis Morgannwg, Meirig Dafydd, Sir Tho. Jones, Llywelyn ap Hwel ab Bifan, Dafydd ap Gwilim, Rys Nawmorr, Hvw Dwnn, and Ivan Dyfi. Included also are a copy of an English poem by Howel Swrdwal, a copy of a letter in Welsh from Ll[ywely]n Siôn [of Llangewydd, parish of Laleston, co. Glamorgan] to Wiliam Prys [of Briton Ferry], 27 July 1596 (see TLLM, t. 79; and L. J. Hopkin James and T. C. Evans: Hen Gwndidau . . . (Bangor, 1910), p. 278), and a prose item with the superscription 'Llyma friddwyd Gronw ddy ap Einon ab Add'. The volume is in several hands but the greater part is in the hand of one scribe possibly the Glamorgan poet Giles or Sils ap Siôn whose 'cywyddau' feature in the text (see TLLM, tt. 76, 87-92; and IMCY, t. 121). Ff. 18 recto-21 recto, excepting an 'englyn' and marginalia inserted later, are probably in the hand of the aforementioned Llywelyn Siôn [of Llangewydd]. The poems by Thomas Lewis (ff. 28 recto-verso, 82 verso), one of which is dated 1623, are possibly in the poet's own hand (see TLLM, tt. 87, 95). In the same hand, and possibly by the same poet, are the poems on ff- 56 recto, 58 verso, 79 recto, 92 recto. There is an inscription on the volume's previous cover (see note on binding) in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') (see note below).

Sils ap Siôn, Llywelyn Siôn, Thomas Lewis, 'Iolo Morganwg', and others.

Barddoniaeth,

Transcripts by Llywarch Reynolds of poems by Rhisiart ap Rhys, Lewis Morganwg (Llywelyn ap Rhisiart), Dafydd Benwyn, Hywel Swrdwal, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Guto'r Glyn, Sion Mowddwy and Dafydd ab Edmwnd.

Barddoniaeth,

A composite volume containing transcripts of Welsh free- and strict-metre poems in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Pp. 23-398 contain Welsh strict-metre poems, mainly in the form of 'cywyddau', attributed to Syr Gruffudd Fychan, Lang. Lewys, Siôn Dafydd Las . . . 'o Lanuwchlyn', Gwilym ap Ieuan Hen, Siôn Cent, Simwnt Fychan, Siôn Philip, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Llawdden, Dafydd Llwyd ap Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Huw Machno, Iolo Goch, Gruffudd Dafydd ap Hywel, Edward ab Raf ab Robert, ? Dafydd o'r Nant sef Dafydd Wiliams, offeiriad Llanfrynach ym Morganwg, ? Dafydd Nanmor, Edmund Prys, Syr Siôn Leiaf, Tudur Penllyn, Wiliam Llyn, Madog Benfras, Llywelyn ap Meredyth ap Ednyfed sef Lle'n Llogell 'o Farchwiail', Rhys ap Dafydd Llwyd ap Llywelyn Llygliw, Rhys Goch 'o Eryri', Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleision, Thomas ab Ieuan ab Rhys, Casnodyn Fardd, Gutto'r Glynn, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Wiliam Egwad, ?Rhys Brydydd 'o Dir Iarll', ?Rhys Du Brydydd, Ieuan Tew Ieuanc, Syr Thomas Jones 'o Lan Deilo Bertholeu', Lewys Morganwg, Tomas Lewys . . . 'o Lechau ym Mhlwyf Llanhari', Thomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes', ? Syr Dafydd Llwyd Llywelyn, Sippyn Cyfeiliawg, Hywel Llwyd, Lewys Glynn Cothi, Ieuan ap Hywel Swrdwal, Gruffudd Vychan ap Gruffudd ap Ednyfed, Siôn ap Howel ap Llywelyn Fychan, Lewys Môn, Richard Philip, Siôn Dafies, person Garthbeibio, sef y Dr. Dafies o Fallwyd, Rhys Llwyd ab Rhys ab Rhiccert, Llywelyn Moel y Pantry, Dafydd Benwyn, Gruffudd Llwyd ap Gronw Gethin, Owain ap Siôn ap Rhys, Huw Cae Llwyd, Grufludd Hiraethog, Cadwaladr ap Rhys Trefnant, Siôn ap Hywel Llywelyn Fychan, Deio ap Ieuan Du, Rhys Nanmor, Ieuan Tew Hynaf, Rowland Fychan 'o Gaergai', ? Rhisiart Iorwerth, Rhys Cain, Rhys Meigen, Thomas Carn, ? Hywel Dafydd ap Ieuan ap Rhys, and Thomas Lewys 'o Lechau Llannwonno'. There are occasional annotations by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' and the 'cywydd' attributed to Casnodyn Fardd (pp. 127-32) is followed (pp. 133-4) by notes mentioning a Glamorgan tradition which linked the name of that poet with the origin of the 'cywydd' measure. Pp. 236-8 contain a first-line index to the poems on pp. 239-360. Pp. 399-546 are devoted to poems attributed to Siencin Lygad Rhawlin, Dafydd o'r Nant, Hopcin y Gweydd 'o Fargam', Thomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes', Syr Tomas Jones, ofleiriad Llandeilo Bertholeu, Syr Huw Dafydd 'o Gelli Gaer', Rhys Goch o Dir Iarll ab Rhiccert ab Einion ab Collwyn (twenty poems), Hopcin Twm Philip 'o'r Gelli Fid', Syr Siôn ap Morys, Siôn Lewys Richard 'o blwyf Llangrallo', ? Ifan Huw 'o Ystrad Owain', Dafydd Nicolas 'o Aberpergwm', ? Huw Llwyd 'o Lancarfan', ? Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys, Hywel Llwyd 'o Lancarfan', Wil Tabwr, Gronw Wiliam, Morgan Pywel, Gwilym Tew, Thomas Morgan 'o'r Tyle Garw', Edward ab Efan 'o Benn y Fai', Llywelyn ab Hywel ab Ieuan ap Gronw 'o Lantrisaint' alias Llelo Llantrisaint, Thomas Llywelyn, ficar Llancarvan, Edward Matthews . . . 'o blwyf Llangrallo', and Sioni'r Maeswn Dimmai. There are occasional notes by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' and p. 419 contains a list of the titles of the twenty poems attributed to Rhys Goch ab Rhiccert (pp. 421-54 ). A square slip of brown paper inscribed 'Hen Garolau a gasglwyd yng Ngwynedd' has been pasted on to p. 547 and this is followed on pp. 551-610 by a series of thirty numbered 'carolau' the majority unattributed and some attributed to Huw Dafydd, Thomas Evans, Syr Lewys ab Huw, Llywelyn ab Hywel ab Ieuan ab Gronw, Llywelyn ab Hwlcyn 'o Fôn', Dicc Hughes, R. Hughes, and Richard Hughes (? whether the last three named were the same person). Pp. 611-33 contain three poems two of which are attributed to Huw ap Wiliam ap Dd. ap Gronw and Siôn Morys.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Barddoniaeth, achau, etc.,

A composite manuscript lettered 'BARDDONIAETH &c.' on the spine. The volume, which contains 'englynion', 'carolau' and pedigrees, is written for the most part (ff. 1-52 verso and 75 verso-101 verso) by Wiliam Dafydd Llywelyn of Llangynidr (c. 1520-1606) (cf. NLW MS 15542B). Another hand is responsible for ff. 53- 75, but Wiliam Dafydd Llywelyn appears to have annotated this middle section. Folio 6 verso carries an eighteenth century list of payments, and folio 7 verso is blank. The contents are: ff. 1-2 verso, part of the story of 'Trystan ac Esyllt' (cf. 'englynion' 9 to 28 in Ifor Williams, 'Trystan ac Esyllt', The Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies V, pp. 118-21); ff- 3-5v, a religious carol beginning 'hanpych well y gaua[. . .] . . .', with each stanza ending 'ora tu pro nobys'; f. 6 recto-verso, 'englynion': one by Huw Arwestl beginning 'medru tewi weithie yes medria[d] [sic] gydwedd . . .', as well as three written in praise of the song-thrush by Dauydd llwyd Mathe, 1581, Dafudd Benwyn, and Wm Mydleton; f. 8 recto-verso, a short extract of religious prose beginning 'Jessv grist yn keidwad y godoedd o feirw y fyw . . .'; f. 8 verso, an 'englyn' 'pen ddarffo rifo y ryfic, ymgais . . .'; ff. 9-46, 'Dyma englyn[ion ] . . .', a series of 226 'englynion' based on proverbs and epigrams, the first beginning '[D]auparth gwaith ganwaith rag wynebdychryn . . .', 'per Tho[mas] ap Hughe de Ewyas', the epigram or proverb is rubricated oftener than not; ff. 46 verso-48, '[ ] englynion y datts', beginning 'dau .cc. a v. mil digwyn / ont dayfis . . .'; f. 48 recto-verso, five 'englynion' beginning 'Un sir ar bymtheg medd sain / lliwgalch . . .'; ff. 49-51, a series of nineteen 'englynion' recording the accession dates of the kings and queens of England between Henry II and Elizabeth I, beginning 'pymp deg pedwar teg myn tain / ywch ka[nt] . . .'; ff. 51 verso-52, eight stanzas beginning 'hawdd o beth y[w] nabod cwilsen . . .'; f. 52, two 'englynion' beginning 'mi a gaf y geisaf fal negeswr / dof . . .'; f. 52, a 'hir a thoddaid' beginning 'Rag Kythrel anfwin . . .'; f. 53, the six last lines of a carol ending 'am y fordd [sic] y gorfydd myned'; ff- 53-73, a long carol based on biblical and historical events, entitled 'Iacob 4 Glanhewch ych dwylaw bechadurieit a phurwch ych calonaw [sic] dauddyblug feddwl', beginning ' fal iroeddwn i n effrv . . .'; f. 73 verso, five stanzas beginning 'Dues wyn diwad . . .', with the following note accompanying the text 'ymofynnrvch am ddiwedd hyn yma yn well o rhyw goppi arall oscat vidd nid oedd ef yn cesio oddli ne ni fedrei Amendiwch y dywaetha fal hyn i odli os mwnwch'; f. 74 recto-verso, lines in the 'cywydd' metre beginning 'Rhown moliant gan tant bob didd . . .'; f. 74 verso, an 'englyn' based on Mat. [xxiv, 35.], beginning 'Nef a daear wfir o wall / a dderfydd . . .'; f. 75, an 'englyn' by Simwnt Vychan beginning 'Pumptheccant gwyddant y gost / a decwyth . . .'; f 75, two 'englynion' by Da[vid] Johns beginning 'Mil a hanner noder yn wiwdec cynnwys . . .'; f. 75 verso, three 'englynion' beginning 'pwy ywr mares garw a gyrydd myrain . . .'; ff. 76-80, a description of arms of Welsh nobles entitled 'Dysgrifiad arfey y bryttan[ied] o vryttys hyd heddiw'; ff. 80 verso- 82, 'Disgliriad [sic] pob gwlad yn neilltyedic o waith Einion ap gwawdrydd mewn englynion', beginning 'Gnawd yngwynedd fokyssedd eirey . . .', [ usually attributed to Aneurin Gwawdrydd]; f. 82 recto-verso, seven 'englynion' of a prophetic nature beginning 'pan welych yr ych mawr ychod / antyrys . . .'; f. 83, a short English prophecy beginning 'Take hyd of Seuen . . .'; f. 83, a list of characteristics attributed to twelve areas of Wales and the Marches in which they surpass others, beginning 'Pen Bonedd Gwynedd'; and ff. 83 verso-101 verso, a list of pedigrees of noble Welsh families entitled 'llyma Betigriw y bryttanied' beginning 'llywelyn ab Gryffydd ap ll ap lorwerth drwyndwn ap Owain gwynedd . . .', continuing f. 84 'llyma Iach bryttys', f. 85 'Rodri Mawr ap merfyn frych . . .', f. 85 verso 'Plant Owein Gwynedd', f. 93 'llyma Wahelyth Deheybarth', f. 94 'kedewen', f. 99 'Dyma arfav Rys ab Morys goch . . .', f. 100 verso 'llyma Iach bleddyn ab kynfyn;, f. 101 'llyma bedwar post prydain', f. 101 'llyma Iach yr arglwydd Rys', and f. 101 verso 'llyma Iach Gryffydd ab kynan' (incomplete).

William Dafydd Llywelyn and others.

Barddoniaeth, etc.,

Miscellaneous papers and home-made booklets containing transcripts, lists, notes, memoranda, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. Pp. 1-64 contain transcripts of Welsh strict-metre poems attributed to Dafydd Benwyn, Siôn Ieuan ap Rhys Fychan, Llywelyn ap Hywel ap Ieuan ap Gronw 'o Lantrisant Misgyn', Iorwerth Hen, Dafydd Llwyd Mathau, Ieuan Du'r Bilwg, Owain ap Llywelyn ap y Moel y Pantri, Dafydd Hopcin 'o Blwyf y Coetty', Siôn Bradford, Rhys Morgan 'o Ben Craig Nedd', Gutto'r Glynn, Bedo Brwynllys, Syr Rhisiart Lewys, Siôn ap Hywel Gwynn, Rhisiart Iorwerth, Rhys Goch 'o Eryri', Ieuan Dyfi, Hopcin ap Thomas ab Einion, Dafydd ap Gwilym, and Hywel ap Dafydd ap Ieuan ap Rhys, with occasional notes on the poet and / or the poem attributed to Siôn Bradford. Preceding p. 1 are two, brown- paper leaves one of which is inscribed 'Englynion, Awdlau, a Chywyddau o Lyfr Ieuan Bradford a'i synniadau ef arnynt'. Other Welsh verse items transcribed include sequences of 'Englynion y misoedd' attributed to Merfyn Gwawdrydd and Madawg ab Merfyn Gwawdrydd (77- 85, 95-8), 'englynion' attributed to Gruff. ab Daf. ab Tudur (93), Rhisiart Iorwerth (93), Dafydd Nicolas, Aberpergwm (99), Cadwgan ap Rhys ( 99), Thos. Lln. Regoes (99), Llawdden (100), Ieuan Brydydd Hir (101), Siôn ap Dafydd (207), [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (216, 257), John Jones ' o Fôn' (218), D. Edmwnd (282), Tudur Aled (359), Edmwnd Prys (438), Gruff. Philip (438), and D[afydd ap] G[wilym] (470), a 'cywydd' attributed to Robert Huws 'o Fôn' (101-03), three poems entitled 'Buarth Beirdd', 'Canu y byd mawr', and 'Canu y byd bychan' [from the 'Book of Taliesin'] (105-10), a sequence of 'Englynion y coedydd a gant y Beirdd yn eu Cadair gân yn Llangynwyd', the 'englynion' being attributed to Edward Dafydd, Dafydd Edward, Charles Meredydd, Siams Thomas, Hywel Rhys, Dafydd Rhys, William Lidwn, Hopcin Thomas, Siôn Padam, Mathew Llwyd 'o Gelli Gaer', Llywelyn Thomas, and Harri Lleision 'o Lancarfan' (121-3), an 'awdl' and a sequence of eleven 'englynion' attributed to Edward Evans (125-30), extracts from the works of the Cynfeirdd as published in The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales, vol. I, here transcribed under the superscription 'Assonances of the school of Taliesin or of the 6th century' (149-63), ten stanzas with the title 'Cân i'r llaw' attributed to Siôn Wiliams 'o Landathan' (181-4), further extracts from the works of the Cynfeirdd as published in The Myvyrian Archaiology, vol. I, under the superscription 'Cynghanedd unawdl. Consonance of rhime the only consonance that was systematically required by the Bards of the ancient school' (202-04), four stanzas with the title 'Darnau o Gân y Mab o'r Dolau Gleision' (209), further extracts from the works of the Cynfeirdd as published in The Myvyrian Archaiology (210-12), extracts from 'Y Gododdin' (374-85), and three stanzas attributed to Mabclaf ap Llywarch (489). (continued)

Prose items include a note on a 'vellum, very ancient' manuscript of the 'Laws of Dyfnwal Moelmud and other ancient Laws antecedent to those of Hywel Dda' allegedly to be found amongst the Hengwrt MSS in the late seventeenth century (93-4), triads (133-4, 136, 279), an account of 'wear and tear expences, daily expences on my [? Edward Williams's] Tour thro' South Wales in 1802' (167), a list of 'Names of Places in N[orth] W[ales]' (168-9), notes on Gruffydd ap Cynan's connection with the Welsh bardic laws (177-80), a brief note on Welsh vernacular dialects (180), a brief genealogy of Syr Rhys ap Thomas (187), a brief account of 'schools' of Welsh poetry, viz. the Ancient or Primitive school, the schools of Taliesin, Gruffydd ap Cynan, Tir Iarll or Rhys goch ap Rhiccert, and Llawdden, the Northwalian school, the schools of Nature, Gronwy Owain, Glamorgan, and the Gwyneddigion, the modern Southwalian school, and the school of the Jumpers including 'William Williams, the hymn carpenter' (258-9, 188-91, 196-9, leaves misplaced), two lists headed 'Naw Cyhydedd' and 'Corvannau' (201), a brief note on 'cynghanedd lusc', assonant terminations, and initial and complex alliterations (205), a brief pedigree of George Owain (206), a list with the superscription 'Letters and Essays of Iolo Morganwg' (219, 235), lists of caps and wigs which would be sold 'at the Annual Fair' on All Fool's Day (222-3), a list of 'Gwyr Cwm y Felin' (224; see NLW MS 13121B above ), two medicinal recipes for the cure of cancer (227-8), a statistical table showing average rainfall in various parts of the British Isles (228), a similar table showing the population of various South Wales towns [? circa 1800, see IM, t. 5] (230), a ? introductory note to an intended collection of Welsh proverbs and aphorisms (231), extracts from The Crit[ical] Review, June 1803 (233-4), lists of rare plants, various kinds of stone, clay, etc., castles, abbeys and monasteries, ancient houses in the Gothic style, other ruins, [gentlemen's] seats, British and Roman camps, and Druidical monuments, ? all in Glamorgan (240-52), a list of Glamorgan exports (253), a list of 'Fish in Ogmore River' (255-6), a brief pedigree of Oliver Cromwell (280), a list of Welsh families who derived their surnames from their place of residence (393-4), a list of North Wales poets whose names were derived from place-names and a list of South Wales poets (395-6), notes headed 'Peculiarities of the North Walian dialect' (405-09), a list of 'Barbarous names of places in Anglesea' (413), ? extracts from 'Adam Littleton's Latin Geographical and Historical Dictionary, Anno 1678' (429-31), a note on Llanfachreth church [co. Merioneth] (438), a list of the commissioners at the 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys [co. Flint], 9 Elizabeth I, and of some of the bards licensed at the said 'eisteddfod' (453), two lots of notes on agriculture headed 'Ffermyddiaeth hen' and 'Hen ffermyddiaeth' (455-7), and biographical or genealogical notes or data (sometimes very brief) relating to Llywelyn Brenn, Ifor ap Einon, Llywelyn Bren Hen and Llywelyn Bren Ieuanc (165), Rhys Pritchard (176), Walter Lollard, Dafydd Ddu Hiraddug, John Stow, [John] Gower, and [Geoffrey] Chaucer (193), John de Ecclescliff, Lleibiaw, Ceraint Hir, Nicholas ap Gwrgant, and John Pascall, all bishops of Llandaff (192 + 200), Ifor Hael (200 + 235), Thos. Wilkins, rector of Lanmaes, ob. 1699 (200), Edward Davies, rector of St. Brides, ob. 1672 ( 201), members of the Berkrolls family (217), Gwynfardd Dyfed (235), and Wm. Llyn (487). Also included in the volume are lists or groups of Welsh words (sometimes with English definitions), extracts of varying length from the works of Welsh bards and poets (sometimes to provide examples of specific words, phrases, or names, e.g. Hu Gadarn), and notes or memoranda on a variety of subjects.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Llyfr Llywelyn Siôn o Langewydd,

Cywyddau, awdlau and other poetry mainly in the hand of Llywelyn Siôn of Llangewydd, Glamorgan, poet and transcriber of Welsh manuscripts. Among the works included are those of Lewys Morgannwg, Davydd Nanmor, Iorwerth Vynglwyd, Howel Swrdwal, Risiart Iorwerth, Lewys y Glynn, Wiliam Egwad, Gyttor Glynn, Gwili, Tew, Sion Mowddwy, Llywelyn Sion (y copiwr), Risiart Lewys, Sion ap Howel Gwyn, Davydd Benwyn, Sion Tydyr, Meredydd ap Roser, Ieuan Gethin, Ieuan ap Howel Swrdwal, Huw Kae Llwyd, Huw Davi o Wynedd, Ieuan tew brydydd, William Llun, Llawdden, Lewys Mon, Bedo ffylib bach, Tydur Aled, Llywelyn ap Howel ap Ieuan ap Gronw, Rys Pennarth, Howel Davydd ap Ieuan ap Rys, Syr ffylip Emlyn, Syr Gruffydd Vychan, Lang lewys, Gryffydd Gryg, Thomas Derllysg, Rys Brychan, Ieuan ap Huw, Sils ap Sion, Daio du o benn y dainiol, Meistr Harri, Tydur Penllyn, Llywelyn Goch y dant, Gryffydd Davydd ychan, Gryffydd Llwyd ap Einon lygliw, Huw Dwnn, Risiart ap Rys brydydd, Ieuan daelwyn, Iolo Goch, Gwilim ap Ieuan hen, Morgan ap Howel, Thomas Llywelyn, Rys Brydydd, Ieuan ap Rydderch ap Ieuan Llwyd, Sion y Kent, Maredydd ap Rys, Mairig Davydd, Rys Nanmor, Rys Brenn, Ieuan Du'r Bilwg, Syr Davydd ap ffylip ap Rys, Ieuan Llawdden, Thomas Brwynllys, Rys ap Harri, Gronw Wiliam, Deio ap Ieuan Du, Morgan Elfel. Inserted between ff. 196 and 197 are poems in a later hand, mainly to Rowland Gwyn of Glanbran, by Thomas Jones, vicar of Llangamarch, his brother Dafydd Jones, and Thomas Morgan. At the end is a list of the poems and authors in a still later hand.

Llywelyn Siôn and others.

'Llyfr Meyrig Davydd' ,

An imperfect manuscript consisting largely of a collection of Welsh strict-metre poems including a number of 'cywyddau' and 'awdlau', 1534-1593 and undated, by, and possibly in the hand of, Meurig Dafydd [of Llanisien, near Cardiff] (see IMCY, tt. 67-70, 108-10; and TLLM., tt. 72, 76-8), and transcripts of poems by Dafydd Bennwynn, W[i]llia]m Kynwal, Gr[uffydd] ap Ieuan Lle'nn Vychan, William Llun, Sils ap Siôn, Ieuan ap Howel Swrdwal, Davydd Goch, Tyder Alled, Sion Tydyr, Ieuan ap Huw, Deio Dyo Dy Benedeniol, Hari Prys Gwilim Goch ? Domas 'o sir Gaervyrddin', John y Kent, Howel D'd ap Ieuan ap Ris, and Rus ap Hari. Of this second group of poems some appear to be in the same hand as the poems by Meurig Dafydd and some in a different hand or hands of the same or a later period. There are a few marginal notes in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg').

Dafydd, Meurig, 1514-1595

'Llyfr Tomas ab Ieuan, Tre'r-bryn',

A manuscript in two volumes containing a corpus of Welsh strict-metre verse consisting almost entirely of 'cywyddau', and a few Welsh prose items. The foliation of the 'text' (original f. 1 missing, original ff. 2-21 renumbered 1-20, a previously unnumbered folio between original ff. 21-2 now f. 21, ff. 22-623 as originally numbered with 75 twice and 265 and 577 missed out) is continuous, and the division into vol. I (ff. 1-300), now NLW MS 13061B, and vol. II (ff. 301-623), now NLW MS 13062B, occurs in the middle of a poem. Unnumbered leaves of later origin than those of the text have been inserted at the beginning and end of each volume. The manuscript, sometimes referred to as 'Y Byrdew Mawr', is in the hand of Thomas ab Ieuan of Tre'r-bryn, parish of Coychurch, co. Glamorgan, the scribe of NLW MSS 13063B, 13069B, and 13085B, and was probably transcribed in the last quarter of the seventeenth century, partly from the manuscripts of an earlier Glamorgan copyist, Llywelyn Siôn (see TLLM, tt. 95, 167-73, 218-19, 268; IM, tt. 87, 154, 264; and IMCY, tt. 81, 175). It was probably presented to Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') by the copyist's grandson also named Thomas ab Ifan (see TLLM, tt. 170, 268). The contents include (revised foliation) :- 1 recto - verso, rules re interpreting the significance of dreams in relation to the phases of the moon (incomplete); 1 verso-8 recto, another set of rules (183) for interpreting dreams ('Deall braiddwydon herwydd Daniel broffwyd'); 8 recto-11 recto, a sequence of forty-eight 'englynion' entitled 'Englynion rhwng Arthur a Liflod i nai' (see The Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, vol. II, pp. 269-86); 11 recto-verso, a poem attributed to 'Taliesin ben bayrdd'; 12 recto-15 verso, prognostications including 'Arwyddion kyn dydd brawd', and four 'englynion'; 16 recto-21 recto, 'Llyma anian diwarnodav y vlwyddyn o gwbl oll'; 21 verso, prognostications re birthdays; and 22 recto-623 verso, poems ('cywyddau' unless otherwise indicated) by Iorwerth Vynglwyd (17), Ieuan Rydd, Tydur Aled (12), Howel ap Rainallt (3), Mathav ap Lle'n Goch, Lewys y Glynn (7), Davydd ap Edmwnt (5), Siôn y kent (24), Davydd llwyd (2), Risiart Iorwerth (4), Llawdden (or Ieuan Llawdden) (6), Davydd Nanmor (5), Iolo Goch (8), Ieuan Daelwyn (13), Lewys Morgannwg ( 18), Thomas Lle'n (5, also 1 'englyn'), Howel ap Davydd ap Ieuan ap Rys (17), Ieuan Tew Bry[dy]dd Ievank (3), Huw Kae Llwyd (8), Ieuan Dyvi (2), Ieuan ap Howel Swrdwal (2), Davydd Llwyd Lle'n ap Gr' (3), Risiart ap Rys Brydydd (3), Tomos Derllysg (4), Gyttyn Kairiog, Ieuan Llwyd ap Gwilym, Ieuan Rydderch ap Ieuan Llwyd (3), Robert Laia, Ieuan Du Bowen Lle'nn ap Howel ap Ieuan ap Gronw (7), Rys Goch 'o Vochgarn', Ieuan Brydydd Hir, Gytto'r Glynn (25), Maredydd Brydydd, Howel Swrdwal (3), Thomas Lle'n Dio Powell (2), William Kynwal, Siôn Tydyr (7), Hyw Davi 'o Wynedd' (3), Huw Davi, Tomas ap Siôn Kati (2), Syr Rys 'o Garno', Syr Lewys Maudw, Syr Phylip Emlyn (2), Huw Lewis, Davydd Ddu Hiraddug, Davydd ap Gwilym (10), Bedo Aurddrem, Morys ap Howel, Ieuan Tew Brydydd (9), Siôn Brwynog, Harri ap Rys ap Gwilym (3), Morys ap Rys, Davydd Benwyn (11), Rydderch Siôn Lle' nn, Sils ap Siôn (3), Lle'n ap Owain, Syr Huw Robert L'en (3), Davydd ap Rys, Thomas Gryffydd, Siôn Phylip, Gwyrfyl verch Howel Vychan, Morgan ap Howel (or Powel) (4), Lle'n Siôn (8), Gryffydd Gryg (5), Maredydd ap Rys, Tydur Penllyn (2), Gronw Wiliam, Bedo Phylip Bach (4), Siôn Mowddwy (11), Rogier Kyffin (4), Wiliam Gryffydd ap Siôn (2), Hyw Dwnn, Lewys Môn (5), Wiliam Egwad (2), Ieuan Du'r Bilwg (2), Rys Brydydd, Daio ap Ieuan Du or Daio Du o Benn Adainiol (3), Gwilim Tew Brydydd (10), Rys Brychan, Maredydd ap Roser, Daio Lliwiel, Lle'nn Goch y Dant, Gryffydd Davydd Ychan (2), Syr Gryffydd Vychan, Lang Lewys, Rys Llwyd Brydydd, Meistr Harri Le'n ( 2), Siôn ap Howel Gwyn (2), William Llvn (5), Ieuan Gethin (ap Ieuan ap Llaison) (3), Gwilim ap Ieuan Hen, Ieuan ap Hyw, Gryffydd Hiraethog (5), Rys Pennarth, Davydd Llwyd Mathav (4), Davydd Emlyn, Davydd Goch Brydydd 'o Vyellt' (2), Rys Nanmor (3), Risiart Vynglwyd (2), Watkin Powel (6), Mairig Davydd (4), Ieuan Rauadr, Owain Gwynedd, Morgan Elfel, Syr Davydd Llwyd (3), Ieuan Thomas (4), Rys Goch 'o Eryri' (3), Lle'n vab Moel y Pantri (2), Syr Davydd ap Phylip Rys, Rys Trem, Siankin y ddyfynog (3), Morys ap Lle'nn, Risiart Thomas, Lle'nn Mairig, Gryffydd Llwyd ap Davydd ap Einon, Gryffydd Llwyd ap Einon Lygliw, Hopgin Thom Phylip, Edward Davydd (4), Ieuan Du Davydd ap Owain, Bedo Brwynllys, Thomas ap Rys 'o Blas Iolyn', Thomas Wiliam Howel, Davydd ap Ieuan Ddu, Syr Owain ap Gwilym, Rys ap Harri 'o Euas' (2), Edwart ap Rys, Davydd Manuel 'o Sir Drefaldwyn', SiamsThomas, Thomas Brwynllys, and Swrdwal. The unnumbered folios at the beginning of each volume contain a list of the contents of the volume giving, in the case of the poems, the name of the poet, in a hand bearing a strong resemblance to that of William Owen Pughe, and the title of the poem, in the hand of Edward Williams. The folios at the end of the first volume contain an index of the bards whose works appear in both volumes. This is possibly in the hand of Hugh Maurice, tanner and copyist. On one of the added folios at the end of the second volume is a poem to the Reverend John Jones, D.D., dean of [the cathedral church of] Bangor. Both volumes contain marginalia in the hand of Edward Williams.

Thomas ab Ieuan, ?William Owen Pughe, 'Iolo Morganwg', [and others].

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers and home-made booklets containing transcripts, notes, lists, jottings, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents are extremely varied. Prose items include items such as a brief note on Dafydd ap Gwilym (40), notes relating to Gruffudd ap Cynan and the 'eisteddfod' at Glyn Achlach in Ireland (41-2), a list of 'Constellations in Glam[organ]' (46), a list of 'Rhannau'r Dydd' (47), a version of the tale of Elphin and Taliesin at the court of Maelgwn Gwynedd copied 'Ex 37 P.P.' (i.e. Paul Panton MS 37 now NLW MS 2005, of which see ff. 26 verso-48 verso) (75-96), a list of Welsh bards, 11th - 15th cent., with occasional notes (104-05), an anecdote relating to Owain Glyndwr taking refuge in Syr Lawrens Berclos' s castle (106), genealogies of Iestyn ap Gwrgant, lord of Morgannwg, 1091, Meuric, lord of Gwent, descendant of Iestyn, and Syr Rhaph Rhawlech (107- 10), an anecdote relating to Owain Cyfeiliawc (112), a note on the descendants of Iestin ab Gwrgant (114), a note on Richard y Fwyalchen sef Syr Richard Williams, fl. 1590-1630 (116), extracts from [Dauid] Powel [: The Historie of Cambria now called Wales, 1584], pp.191-2, relating to the Welsh bards and minstrels (123-5), genealogical notes on members of the Cecil family from the time of Sir Rotpert Sitsyllt, late 11th cent., to the time of Sir William Cecill, Lord Burghley (127-33), a brief note on the computation of time and on 'Elinor Goch o dir Iarll' (140), notes relating to Welsh bardic grades (149-54), extracts from the review of The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales which appeared in The Monthly Review, July 1802 (159-60), a list of Welsh proverbs (161-3), a note relating to, and extracts from, Thomas Jones [: Carolau a Dyriau Duwiol, 1696] (165-6), a list headed 'Deuddeg Prifgampau Gwybodau Gwrolion' (169-71), a section headed 'Mangofion am yr hen Brydyddion a hen gerdd dafawd' containing notes and triads relating to Welsh bardism and more particularly the 'bardd teulu' and 'cerdd deuluaidd' (175-85), a copy of the bardic oath ('Adduned neu Dynghedfen Bardd') (191), notes commencing 'Pum Cenedl gynhwynawl a wladychant Ynys Prydain' (207-08), a note relating to Gilbert y Clar (ob. 1295) and his son (ob. 1313) (223), triads (224-5), brief notes on the five stages in the development of ? the Welsh bardic alphabet ('Pumoes Llythyr') (226), notes relating to Gruffudd ap Cynan's flight to Ireland, 1096, and his organising of a meeting of bards and musicians at Glyn Athlach (227), a note on 'Cadair arddangos Tir Iarll' (228), notes headed 'Glamorgan School (Poetry)' containing references to Rhys Goch ab Rhiccert, Norman literary influence in South Wales, Walter de Mapes, D[afydd] ap Gwilym, translations into Welsh, 'Saith Doethion Rhufain', 'Ystori Siarlymaen', the 'Mabinogion', and Walter, archdeacon of Oxford and the original of Geoffrey of Monmouth's 'Historia', and an anecdote relating to Rhys Goch Eryri, etc. (245-7), notes headed 'Bardism lost in North Wales' relating to the state of bardism in North and South Wales from circa 1400 onwards with comments on the restoration of the Welsh language in which Dr. John Davies [of Mallwyd] is referred to as 'the saviour of our language, its regenerator . . .' (253-7), a list of words and phrases ? from [Hugh Lewys:] Perl mewn Adfyd (263-4), a note on translating (295-6), a version of a conversation between teacher and disciple concerning creation, the nature of created matter, the first man, the first three letters, etc., with a note by Edward Williams on the word 'manred' (? the substance of created matter) (307-09), notes relating to the three bardic brothers Madawc, Ednyfed, and Llywelyn ap Gruffudd of Marchwiail [co. Denbigh], an 'eisteddfod' held at Maesaleg [co. ], ? temp. Edward III, another 'eisteddfod' at Marchwiail, temp. Edward III, Gwilym Tew and an 'eisteddfod' at the monastery of Penn Rhys in Glyn Rhodni [co. Glamorgan], an 'eisteddfod' at Caerfyrddin, N.D., successive re-organising of the rules and regulations relating to bards and bardism and musicians in the time of Morgan Hen, prince of Morgannwg, and his brother Ceraint Fardd Glas [10th cent.], of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn [11th cent .], of Rhys ap Tewdwr, lord of Dinefwr (with references to a quarrel between the said Rhys and lestyn ab Gwrgan, lord of Glamorgan, because the latter had carried off 'Rhol y Ford Gronn'), of Gruffudd ap Rhys ap Tewdwr, and of Gruff. ap Cynan, and the patronage of the bards by the squirearchy after the fall of the princes (311-16), rules of the bardic order headed 'Llymma ddosparth y Ford gronn ar Feirdd a phrydyddion a gwyr wrth gerdd Dafawd yn Llys yr amherawdr Arthur . . .', with a note on the disappearance of 'Dosparth y Ford Gronn' and its subsequent restoration by Rhys ap Tewdwr (323-32), another ? incomplete list of regulations for the bardic order headed 'Llymma Hen Ddosparth ar Freiniau a defodau Beirdd a Phrydyddion a phob gwrth (sic) wrth Gerdd Dafawd o Hen Lyfr Watkin Powel o Benn y Fai' (333-5), a version of the gorsedd prayer ('Gweddi Talhaiarn neu weddi'r orsedd') with an English translation (337), a short list of miscellaneous Welsh triads (343), brief notes on the saints Elli and Twrog and 'Llyfr Twrog' (360) (continued)

a list of 'Words collected in Blaenau Morganwg, anno 1770' (361-2), a list of eight ? chapter headings under the superscription 'Dissertation on the Welsh Language' (364), copies of, and a note on, inscriptions 'on Ffynon Illtud near Neath', and on a tombstone in Margam Abbey (371), a note on the institution of 'Y Ford Gronn' by the Emperor Arthur (372), anecdotes or notes relating to twelve Welsh saints (385-8), an anecdote relating to a quarrel between Dafydd ap Gwilym and Gruffudd Grug (389), notes on the fifteen tribes of Gwynedd ('Pymtheg Llwyth Gwynedd o Drefn y Brenin Alfryd ac Anarawd ap Rhodri Mawr . . .') (391-402), ? extracts from the letters of Goronwy Owen with comments by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') (409-15), a list of the names of authors of carols in a volume belonging to 'Mr. Davies o Fangor' (417-18), a note on the bard Llawdden (418), notes under the heading 'Eisteddfodau Gwynedd' referring to 'eisteddfodau' at Marchwiail (14th cent.), Nant Gonwy (15th cent.), Croesoswallt, Caerwys (16th cent.), and Bala (late 17th cent.), Gruffudd ap Cynan's visit to an 'eisteddfod' at Castell Dinefwr and his introduction of the bardic regulations formulated there into North Wales, etc. (included is an 'englyn' attributed to Dafydd Llwyd 'o Fathafarn') (418-22), an anecdote relating to the bard Llawdden and Gruff. ap Nicolas and the convening of an 'eisteddfod' at Carmarthen, 19 Henry VI (428-9), brief notes referring to 'cynghanedd' usage prior to the 'eisteddfod' at Caerfyrddin in 1451, changes inaugurated by Llawdden with regard to 'cynghanedd' and the strict metres, etc- (431-2), notes headed 'Llyma gyfarwyddyd parth ag am y Naw cwlm cerdd a fuant yng ngherdded Oesoedd amrafaelion ar arfer gan Feirdd a Phrydyddion Cymru' (433-4), notes on 'poetical talent' in the family of Meilir Brydydd, the Gower family in Glamorgan, the family of Einion ap Collwyn, and the 'Avan Branch of the House of Iestin ap Gwrgan', and general observations on the possibility of the development of poetic taste and ability in an individual, etc. (435-40 ), an ? incomplete list of triads headed 'Trioedd y Ford Gronn yn Nhir larll' (453-5) a note relating to 'cerddi teuluaidd' found in manuscript volumes in Glamorgan (463), a note on a bardic 'cadair arddangos' (464), an anecdote relating to Ifor Hael, Llywelyn ap Gwilym, and Dafydd ap Gwilym and a bardic convention at Gwern y Cleppa circa 1330 (466), a note on the bard-brothers Siôn, Wiliam, and Richard Philip of Ardudwy (467), a short list of three triads headed 'Trioedd Cadair Morganwg' (468), notes relating to an 'eisteddfod' at Nant Gonwy, 1 Edward IV, where the strict- metre poetic system devised by Dafydd ap Edmwnt at the 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen, 9 Henry VI, was ? officially accepted ('breiniwyd'), incorporating 'englynion' attributed to Dafydd ap Edmwnt and Twm Tegid of Llan Gower in Penllyn (479-81), a list of Glamorgan proverbs ('Diarhebion Morganwg Cymmysg') (499-506), two sets of outline notes headed 'Ancient British Literature' and 'Characteristics of ancient Welsh Literature in its several ages or periods' (507-10), a list of English proverbs headed 'Lantwit and Gower proverbs. The Devil's name in every one of them' (513), miscellaneous triads headed 'Trioedd Cymmysg' (515-16), two lists headed 'Deg Peth ni thalant ei hachub o'r Tan' and 'Deuddegpeth drwg a drwg fydd eu diwedd' (531), a list of 'Mesurau cerdd dafawd Cyffredin', which, according to a note at the end, were also known as 'Mesurau arwest' and 'mesurau cerdd deulu' (536-9), a note on poetical works which appeared in Wales circa 1350 and later in the same century and were attributed to Taliesin and other bards (540), notes referring to 'eisteddfodau' at Caerfyrddin in 1451 and 1460, Nant Conwy [temp. Tudur Aled], and Caerwys, temp. Henry VIII and temp. Elizabeth, with references to changes introduced in the bardic rules and regulations and incorporating an 'englyn' attributed to Ieuan Tew Ieuanc (541-3), and a brief note on the bardic 'Cadair Tir Iarll' (543). Verse items include transcripts of poems, largely 'englynion', or sections of poems attributed to D[afydd] ab Gwilym (40), Taliesin, Iolo Goch, and Llywelyn Goch ap Meyryg Hen (49), Y Bardd Glas o'r Gadair (97-8, 134-7), Caradawc Llancarfan (99), Gwgan Farfawc 'o Landathan' or Gwgan Fardd (100-04), Edward Rhisiart 'o Lan Fair y Bont Faen' (113), Dafydd y Blawd (115), Rhys Meigen (117), Thomas Morgan 'o'r Tyle Garw' (118-20), William Davies or Gwilym Tir Ogwr (122), Siôn y Cent (126), Elis Wynn 'o Las Ynys' (144-5), Edmund Prys, Ficar Clynog Fawr ('mab yr hen archiagon') (145-6), Siôn Morys 'o Lanfabon' (148), lorwerth ap y Gargam (223), y Parchedig D. Dafis, 'gweinidog Llwyn Rhyd Owain' (353-5), Daf. Benwyn (378), Dafydd Nicolas, Aberpergwm (390, 426), Dafydd Alaw (403- 04), Siôn Brwynog (405-06), Llawdden (406, ? 426, 428), Wiliam Cynwal (408 ), Richard Philip (408, 467), Wm. Llyn, Dafydd ap Edmwnt, Robert Clidro, Howel Bangor, and Cadwgan ap Rhys (425), Thos. Llewelyn 'o Regoes' (426), Gruff. ap Maredydd ap Dafydd, Rhisiart Iorwerth, and Siôn Tudur (427), Gruff. ap Dafydd ap Tudur (428), Tudur Aled and Huw Llwyd Cynfel (430), Prohl (with a note 'Einon offeirad, Bardd Syr Rhys Hen o Abermarlais, a elwid y Prohl . . .') (461-2), [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (467, 507 ), and Dafydd o'r Nant (481). Also included are lists or groups of Welsh words sometimes with English definitions, excerpts from the works of Welsh poets, these sometimes to illustrate specific words, miscellaneous genealogical data, notes relating to Welsh grammar and etymology, miscellaneous memoranda, extracts from a variety of printed sources, etc.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume (pp. 1-540 with two pages not numbered) containing miscellaneous notes, lists, transcripts, extracts, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents include pp. 1-20, an account of the revision of the regulations relating to the craft and conduct of Welsh bards and musicians, the rules of 'cynghanedd', and the twenty-four strict poetic metres undertaken in connection with, or at, the 'eisteddfod' held under the patronage of Gruffudd ap Nicolas at Carmarthen [circa 1450], anecdotes relating to Dafydd ap Edmwnd and the said 'eisteddfod', etc., the greater part of the material being allegedly extracted 'O Lyfr Iago ab Dewi yn awr gan Mr. Thomas Evans o Frechfa, 1799' (this is the same account, etc., as that which is found in NLW MS 13096B, pp. 171-95, for which see above); 21-2, biographical and other notes on Sir Robert ab Amon, lord of Glamorgan [late 11th cent.], and his brother Richard; 23-4, notes on the Reverend Samuel Williams and his son the Reverend Moses Williams, a list of 'eisteddfodau' held at Carmarthen, Aber Marlas, and Castell Gweblai, 1452-1486, an anecdote relating to the poet Dafydd ab Edmwnd, a transcript of two 'englynion' by, or attributed to, the said poet, etc.; 25-7, extracts from the manuscript copy of the 'Lib[er] Land[avensis]' in Jesus College [Oxford, i.e., Jesus College MS 20]; 28-9, lists headed 'Names of some Constellations of Fixed Stars peculiar to the Britons', and 'Some Constellations in Glamorgan'; 33-7, a version of the Welsh legend of the birth of Taliesin (see The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales . . . (London, 1801), vol. I, pp. 17-19); 38, Welsh verse attributed to Morys ab Ieuan ab Eigyn and Lewys Morys; 39, a list of the names of early Welsh bards ('Hen Brydyddion a fuant gynt yng Nghymru'); 40, a transcript of 'englynion' ? attributed to Twm ab Han ab Rhys; 41-54, a series of twenty Welsh fables relating to birds and animals with the superscription 'O Lyfr Owain Myfyr. Damhegion a ysgrifenwyd ar femrwn ynghylch y flwyddyn 1300' (see BM Additional MS 14884, and for a published text Y Greal . . ., 1806, tt. 279-80, 322-9, and ibid., 1807, tt. 366-70); 55-9, series of Welsh triads with the superscriptions 'Llymma Drioedd Arbennig' (see John Williams: Barddas . . ., vol. I, pp. 394-7), 'Trioedd Serch', 'Trioedd Taliesin', and 'Trioedd mab y Crinwas' (continued)

60-63, lists of Welsh 'sayings' and other miscellaneous lists with the superscriptions 'Saith ymofynion y saith Doethion', 'Geiriau Gwir Cattw Ddoeth', 'Geiriau Gwir', 'Llyma leoedd ynghorph Dyn y bydd swrn gynheddfau ynddynt', 'Saith Gynneddf Gwr Dewisol ', 'Naw rhif Carennydd', 'Pysygwriaeth o Lyfr Hywel Ddu Feddyg', 'Cas ddynion Selyf Ddoeth', and 'Cas betheu Owein Cyfeiliog'; 64, a transcript of the inscription and 'englyn' found at the beginning of Lewis Dwnn's volume of pedigrees of families in cos. Carmarthen, Cardigan, and Pembroke; 65-8, a version of the Welsh tale 'Breuddwyd Gronw Ddu o Fôn'; 69-81, transcripts of three Welsh strict-metre poems ('awdlau') by, or attributed to, Rhobert Dyfi, Siôn Tudur, and Gruffydd Thomas; 82-8, a copy of a letter in Welsh, 9 December 1726, from the Reverend Edward Gamage from St. Athan [co. Glamorgan], to Llywelyn ab Ifan 'o'r Cannerw', giving an account of the achievements of members of the Stradling family (for a holograph copy of a letter from Edward Gamage to Llywelyn ab Ifan see NLW MS 13077B, and for transcripts by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') of letters from, or allegedly from, Gamage to the same recipient in addition to the present example see NLW MSS 13091E, 13095B, and pp. 528-36 of the present manuscript; for observations on these letters and doubts as to the authenticity of the Williams transcripts see IMCY, tt. 58-60, TLLM, tt. 107, 195, and IM, tt. 245-6); 89-123, versions of Welsh tracts, tales, etc., entitled 'Cato Cymraeg' (for the text see Y Greal . . ., 1806, tt. 145-51), 'Ystori y Llong Foel' (for the text see Taliesin . . ., cyf. II, 1860-61, t. 284), 'Breuddwyd Paul Abostol' (for the text see Iolo Manuscripts . . ., pp. 190-92, and for an English translation ibid., pp. 603-05), 'Cyngor i Feirdd a Dysgedigion Cymru' (attributed to loan Dafydd Rhys, M.D. [the Welsh physician and grammarian]; see Thomas Parry: 'Siôn Dafydd Rhys', Y Llenor, cyf. X, tt. 35-46), 'Araith Ieuan Brydydd Hir, 1450', and 'Casbethau Ieuan Brydydd Hir'; 124-30, transcripts of a Welsh poem entitled 'Arwyddon Taliesin', two poems by, or attributed to, Twm ab Ifan ap Rhys, a Welsh prophecy entitled 'Llyma Brophwydoliaeth Merddin', and an 'englyn' attributed to Edward Dafydd o Fargam; 137-42, notes, allegedly 'from John Bradford's MS', relating to the bards Lewys Glyn Cothi, Lewys Morganwg, Thomas Philip Fardd, Hopcin Twm Philip, Ieuan Swrdwal, Hywel Swrdwal, Ieuan ab Hywel Swrdwal, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Dafydd Fynglwyd, Rhisiart Iorwerth, Bran ap Llyr, Talhaearn Fardd, Sils ab Siôn, Meredydd ab Morgan Philib, William ap Morgan, William Dafydd, Morgan Pywel, Siôn Mowddwy, Llawdden, Cattwg fab Gwynnlliw, Caradawc o Lancarvan, Casnodyn Fardd, Trehaearn Brydydd Mawr, Harri ab Rhys ab Gwilym, Meuryg Dafydd, and Llywelyn Siôn; 153-71, a version of the Welsh prose oration 'Araith Gwgan' (for the text see Taliesin . . ., cyf. II, tt. 108-12, and for observations thereon IM., tt. 249-51); 171-4, transcripts of a poem from 'Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin', 'englynion' by, or attributed to, Wiliam Llyn, Huw Llyn, Richard Davies, Esgob Dewi, Dafydd Nanmor, Siôn Tudur, Syr Lewys, and Ednyfed Fychan, etc.; 175-7, a copy of a preface to 'a little book' ? with the title 'Short Pedigrees of divers Noblemen . . . of Pembrokeshire containing most part of the eight ancestors from whome they are descended' found 'amongst L. Morris' papers'; 178-81, extracts from [John Wynne:] The History of the Gwedir Family [London, 1770]; 182, a note relating to freemasonry; 183-5, lists of Welsh 'sayings' attributed to Ystyffan Fardd and Catto Ddoeth, etc.; 185-7, a transcript of a Welsh poem attributed to Sippyn Cyfeiliog; 188-93, a version of the Welsh tale 'Dammeg Einion ap Gwalchmai'; 194-204, transcripts of four unattributed 'englynion', a Welsh poem attributed to Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys, and an 'awdl' attributed to Siôn Tudur, and genealogical data headed 'Pum Brenhinllwyth Cymry'; 205-20, genealogical data relating largely to Glamorgan, notes on the arms of [Norman] knights who had come to despoil Glamorgan ('Llyma arfau y Cwncwerwyr a ddaethant ar anraith i Forganwg'), etc. (continued)

221-45, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Dafydd Benwyn, Siôn Morys Llwyd, Dafydd Llwyd Mathew, Gronwy William, Llewelyn Siôn, Antoni Powel, Morgan Powel, Harri Rheinallt, Huw Ceiriog, Huw Llyn, Wm. Byrcinsiaw, Ieuan Tew, R. Dafis, Escob Mynyw, Siôn Tudur, Huw Pennant, Wiliam Cynwal, Owain Brereton, Owain Gwynedd, Lewys Menai, Bedo Hafesb, Einon Tew, Siôn Philip, Simwnt Fychan, Wiliam Llyn, Edward Brwynllys, Huw Arwystli, Elis ab Rhys ab Edward, Robert Gruffudd ab Ifan, Huw Conwy, Bartholomew Jones, Hywel Ceiriog, Rhys Celli, Dafydd Alaw, Edward Dafydd, Dafydd Edward, Charles Meredydd, Siams Thomas, Hywel Rhys, Dafydd Rhys, Wiliam Lidwn, Hopcin Thomas, Siôn Padarn, Mathew Llwyd 'o Gelligaer', Llywelyn Thomas, Hopcin Dafydd Edward 'o Langyfelach', Harri Lleision 'o Lancarfan', Bleddyn Siôn, Hywel Lewys, Siôn Roberts, Thomas Lewys, Jenkin Rhisiart, Charles Dafydd Meredydd, Morgan Gruffudd, Lleision Ifan, Hopcin Llywelyn, Dafydd Ifan Siôn, Charles Bwttwn, esqr., Dafydd o'r Nant, Samuel Jones, Lewys Môn, Tudur Aled, Gruffudd ab Llywelyn Fychan with Han Brydydd Hir, Huw Ednyfed, Rhys Nanmor, Gwilym ab Ieuan Hen, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Rhys ab Rhisiart, Gwilym Tew, Dafydd Llwyd 'o Fathafarn', and Ieuan Brechfa (some of these 'englynion' were allegedly written in connection with a bardic meeting held at Craig y Ddinas, 'eisteddfodau' at Caerwys, Bewpyr, Dinbych, ? Carn Fadryn, and Castell Gweblai, and a 'cadair wrth gerdd yn Llangynwyd . . . 1664' (see TLLM, tt. 91-2)); 239-42, anecdotes relating to Gutto'r Glynn and Hywel Dafydd ab Ieuan ab Rhys at an 'eisteddfod' held in Cardiff Castle (with a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Sir Wiliam Herbert), and Dafydd o' r Nant at a meeting of bards at Lantrisaint; 247-9, an incomplete copy of a 'cywydd' attributed to Edmund Prys; 250-52, brief genealogical notes relating to the poets or writers Huw Machno, Einion ab Gwalchmai, Rhys Goch, Tudur Penllyn, Llew'n Offeiriad, Syr Owain ab Gwilym, Llen. Goch ab Meurig Hen, Tudur Aled, William Cynwal, Cywryd ab Elaith, Ieuan ab Rhydderch, Dav. Powel, D.D., Gruff. ab Ieuan, Rhys Cain, John Cain, Dafydd Jones, vicar Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd, Dafydd Llwyd . . . 'o Fathafarn', Edmund Prys, Ednyfed ab Gruff., Madog Benfras, and Llywelyn Llogell Rison (continued)

253-4, an anecdote relating to a Welsh scholar at Oxford and a copy of a poem attributed to Taliesin; 257-8, copies of extracts made ? by Evan Evans ['Ieuan Fardd'] from 'the Liber Landavensis in the Library of Mr. Davies of Llannerch' [now NLW MS 17110E]; 265--84, a copy of ? the preface and first section of a work entitled 'Datguddiad y Daroganwr Neu gasgliad o amryw frudiau a daroganau . . . yn yspysu yn amlwg mai'n presennol Frenin William y trydydd yw y Brenin Darogan' transcribed, according to a note on p. 266, in 1799 from a manuscript in the hand of Thomas ab Ifan of Tre Brynn [the copyist of NLW MSS 13061-13063B, 13069B, 13085B] then in the possession of Thomas Johns of Hafod Uchtryd, co. Cardigan (the preface deals with vaticinatory verse in the Welsh language more particularly that of Merddyn Emrys, Merddyn Wyllt, and Taliesin, and the author maintains that prophetic allusions in such poems were to King William III; see TLLM, tt. 171-2); 289-327, transcripts of miscellaneous old Welsh poems [mainly from 'Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin' and 'Llyfr Taliesin']; 327-9, a copy of an 'awdl' attributed to Dafydd y Coet; 337-45, transcripts of a twelve-stanza poem ['Enweu Meibon Llywarch Hen'] attributed to Llywarch Hen, and a sequence of thirty-seven 'englynion' all commencing with the words 'Eiry mynydd' attributed to Llywarch Hen, or Mab Claf ab Llywarch, or Llywelyn Llogell Rhison 'o Farchwiail', a version of the Welsh prose oration 'Trwstaneiddrwydd Gruffudd ap Adda ap Dafydd', and a few medicinal notes attributed to 'Meddygon Myddfai'; 346-59, transcripts of an 'awdl' allegedly written by Gwilym Tew in connection with an 'eisteddfod' held in the monastery of 'Penrhys yng Nglynn Rhodneu' in Glamorgan in 1434 or 1435, and an 'awdl' allegedly written by Lewys Morganwg for an 'eisteddfod' held in the monastery of Nedd (Neath) [in Glamorgan] in 1493 or 1494; 359-62, an anecdote relating to a proposal to establish a university in Glyn Nedd, temp. Henry VII, a few Welsh triads, and extracts from Robert Vaughan: British Antiquities Revived . . . ([Oxford], 1662); 363-72, transcripts of two 'awdlau' attributed to Thomas Prys 'o Blas Iolyn' and Lewys ab Edward; 375-8, a copy of an extract from the 'Liber Landavensis' as in pp. 257-8, and brief pedigrees of Gwaithfoed, prince of Cardigan, fl. circa 1000, and Bleddyn ap Cynfyn; 379- 417, transcripts of Welsh poems attributed to Thomas Prys 'o Blas Iolyn', Siôn Tudur, Meredydd ap Rhys, Dafydd Nanmor, Rhys Goch 'o Eryri', Madoc ap Gronw Gethin, and Prydydd y Moch, and of unattributed Welsh verse; 418, an analysis of the 'elements' in man ('Defnyddion Dyn') (see John Williams: Barddas. . ., vol. I, pp. 386-9); 419-28, transcripts of two early Welsh poems, the first being an elegy to Cynddylan (for both poems see The Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, vol. IV, pp. 41-7, and vol. VI, pp. 139-41), and a sequence of twenty-five 'Englynion Beddeu Milwyr Ynys Prydain' from 'Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin'; 435-48, transcripts of Welsh strict- metre poems attributed to Da'dd Williams, 'viccar Penllin'; 451-82, transcripts of Welsh strict- and free-metre poems attributed to Huw Morys; 483-92, a brief account in Welsh of the history of Glamorgan from the time of Morgan Mwynfawr to the reign of Henry VIII allegedly 'allan o Lyfr y diweddar Barchedig Edward Gamais, offeiriad Sant Athan, ag ynawr gan Mr. Siôn Spenser o'r un Plwyf'; 493-527 two accounts in Welsh of the quarrels between Iestyn ab Gwrgant, lord of Glamorgan, and Rhys fab Tydyr, lord of Deheubarth, and between the said Iestyn and Einon fab Collwyn, which led eventually to the conquest of Glamorgan by the Normans under Syr Rhobert fab Amon and the division of the country amongst the said Syr Rhobert and his twelve fellow knights, with brief notes on the subsequent ownership of the estates created (the first account was allegedly taken 'o Lyfr Daniel Thomas, argraphydd', and the second allegedly 'o Lyfr y Parchedig Mr. Thomas Basset o Lan y Lai a Gweinidog Sili ag Eglwys Brywys'); 528-36, an incomplete copy of a letter in Welsh [from the Reverend Edward Gamage, rector of St. Athan] to Llywelyn ab Ifan, giving an account of the coming of Sir William Le Esterling, ancestor of the Stradling family, into Glamorgan with the Normans (see pp. 82-8 above); and 539, an incomplete extract relating to the twenty-four traditional Welsh accomplishments.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume containing miscellaneous prose and verse items in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Page i is inscribed 'Brith y Coed Sef Cynnulliad Cymmysg o Hen Bethau Cymreig, Rhyddiaith a Phrydyddiaeth. Cynnulliad Iolo Morganwg. Rhifyn IV', and pp. iii-vii contain a list of ninety-four items being the contents of pp. 1- 144. These include, pagination in brackets, transcripts of Welsh poems (sometimes single stanzas) or extracts from Welsh poems attributed to Gwydion ap Don (from the Mabinogi) (1), Lln. Moel y Pantri (2), Lln. ab Hywel ab Ieuan ab Gronw (5, 101-04, with a note on the bard 104-05), Dafydd Gorlech (5), Gruff. ap Gronw Gethin (6), Rhys Llwyd Brydydd (6, 73), Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleison (17, 74, 122), Thomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes' (17), Siôn Tomas Hywel 'o Lanbedr ar Fro' (29), Thomas Wiliam Hywel (29), Thomas Lewys 'o Lechau' (29-30), Harri Meirig (35), Taliesin Ben Beirdd ( 49-55, 78-9), Dafydd ap Gwilym (72, 130), Iorwerth Fynglwyd (73-4), ? Rhys Nanmor (73), Ieuan Du'r Bilwg (74), Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys (75-7), Gruffydd Llwyd Dafydd ap Einon Lygliw (97-100, with a note relating thereto), Siôn Rhydderch (106-07), Dafydd Hopcin 'o'r Coetty' (108), Rhisiart Thomas (109 ), Teilo Sant (114-15), Casnodyn Fardd 'o Gil Fai' (116), Dafydd Lewys 'o Ferthyr' (120), Lleison Cradoc 'o Dregolwyn' (121), Rhys Brydydd (121), Owain Gwynedd (121), Dafydd Benwyn (122), Wm. Cynwal (122), Huw Machno (130), Edwd. Richards (130), Hywel Rhys (130), Hopcin ap Thomas 'o Lynn Tawy' (132), Llywelyn Goch ab Meurig Hen (132), Siôn Tudur (136-41), Siôn Mowddwy (141), Llawdden Fardd (143), Tudur Wiliam (144), John Daf. ap Jenkin (144), and Llywarch Hen (144); transcripts of unattributed Welsh verse including a series of fourteen 'Englynion yr Adar' with notes by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' relating thereto (37-9), a series of eighty-four 'Englynion Arthur a'r Eryr a hwnnw oedd Eliwlod Nai Arthur ag Arglwydd Llancarfan' with notes relating thereto by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (79-95), and an 'englyn' (131); notes on 'Adar Rhiannon' and 'Blynyddau'r haul a'r Lleuad' (2); genealogical data relating to the descent of King Arthur including an anecdote relating to Brân fab Llyr (3- 4); genealogical data relating to 'Taliesin Ben Beirdd' and 'Morganiaid Tredeger' (7-8); a copy of the inscription on the gravestone of William Hopkin [the reputed poet], ob. 1741, and of an 'englyn' thereon attributed to his mother, and a brief note on his family (9; see TLLM, tt. 251-9); notes, mainly genealogical, relating to Rhys Brydydd of Llanharan [co. Glamorgan] and his family (10); a brief genealogy of William Bleddyn, bishop of Llandaff [1575-1590] (11); notes relating to Cuneddaf Wledig and his sons (11-14); notes on Saint Brychan and Morgan ap Einydd from whom allegedly Brycheiniawg and Morgannwg derived their names (15-17); a copy of a version of the statute reputedly drawn up by Gruffudd ap Cynan for regulating the order of bards and musicians with brief notes on the said statute by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (18-28); miscellaneous genealogical data (30-36, 48, 113); horticultural and agricultural instructions extracted 'o Hen Lyfr Esaia Pywel o Lansainffraid ar ogwr' being a work allegedly compiled in 1591 by Rhisiart Siôn Huw 'o'r Coetty' ( 40-48) ; notes on the Welsh bardic order as it was previous to the time of Gruffydd ap Cynan ('Llyma Drefn ar wyr wrth Gerdd Dafawd a elwir Hen Drefn Deheubarth ag a fu yng Ngwynedd cyn nog amser Gruffydd ap Cynan') (56-60); a list of fifty Welsh triads headed 'Llyma Drioedd Cerdd' (60-68); a list of Welsh proverbs allegedly extracted from a larger collection 'Yn Llyfr Thomas Bona' (69-72); a transcript of a letter in Welsh from Llywelyn Siôn from Llangewydd to Meuryg Dafydd of Llan Nisian [both of co. Glamorgan and fl. late 16th cent.] (the books relating to the bardic craft 'Llyfrau cerdd dafawd . . . sef pump llyfr Cerddwriaeth' which he, Llywelyn Siôn, had been copying were ready for collection, recipient should receive one pound for them, he had heard that the person who wished to have the volumes intended publishing a work on the subject in Welsh and Latin, knowledge of the Welsh bardic craft would disappear except for the composing of 'cwndidau') (96; for the opinion that it is a forgery to be attributed to Edward Williams himself see TLLM, t. 93, n. 45, and t.158, n. 56); (continued)

Notes relating to 'eisteddfodau' held at Ystrad Owain, Glamorgan, with particular reference to an 'eisteddfod' held there in 1720, and transcripts of 'englynion' composed in connection therewith (105-12; see TLLM, tt. 272-7); a brief note on the connection between some of the gentry and clergy of Glamorgan and Welsh poetry until ? comparatively late in the eighteenth century (112); a short list of Welsh triads, a few Welsh proverbs, lists with the superscriptions 'Wyth prif Gampau Dedwydd', 'Naw Llawenydd y Nef', 'Yr Wyth Brifwyd', 'Wyth Weithred Trugaredd', and 'Wyth Defnydd Dyn', and a list of sayings attributed to Cattwg Ddoeth (117-20); notes relating to Rhys Brydydd of Llanharan [co. Glamorgan] and his sons Rhisiart and Ieuan and tales relating to his grandson Thomas (123-9; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, pp. 200-03, and for an English translation ibid., pp. 614-17); miscellaneous triads (131); notes on and a list of 'Breiniau Gwyr Arfon' (133-6); and Welsh medicinal recipes (142-3). Pp. 153-5 contain a list of fifty-one items being an incomplete list of the contents of pp. 157-384 Previously paginated 1-228. Included, pagination in brackets, are a copy of 'Gwassanaeth Meir' [being a middle Welsh version of the 'Officium Parvum Beatae Mariae Virginis'] transcribed by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' in June 1799 from a manuscript in the hand of John Jones [of Gellilyfdy, co. Flint] then in the library of Thomas Johns of Hafod Ychtryd, co. Cardigan [now Hafod MS 23 in the Cardiff Free Library] (157-211); a section headed 'Tri achos y dioddefawdd Crist archollion . . . ' and two Welsh triads (212 ); transcripts of two sequences of 'englynion' the first attributed to Mab Claf ab Llywarch or Llogell Rhison and the second to the said Mab Claf ab Llywarch, and of a poem attributed to Taliesin Ben Beirdd (213-20); transcripts of seven prayers described as 'Emynau Curig Ferthyr' (221-5); a copy of an anecdote relating to Owain Glyn Dwr and Syr Lawrens Berclos (225-6); transcripts of three sequences of 'englynion' (each stanza commencing 'Coronog Faban') attributed to Aneurin Gwawdrydd, Jonas, athraw Mynyw, and Rhys Goch o'r Ryri respectively with notes [by Edward Williams] on the three sequences (227-38; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, pp. 265-71 and for an English translation ibid., pp. 673 et seq.); four more sequences or 'awdlau' containing 'coronog faban' stanzas, the second being attributed to Gildas Broffwyd and the fourth being copied, with revised orthography, from Thomas Pugh: Brittish and Out-landish Prophesies . . ., London, 1658 (239-56; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, pp. 271-82); an incomplete copy of an 'awdl' attributed to Cuhelyn Fardd (257); a brief note on Gruffudd Hiraethog's opinion of Siôn Tudur, Wiliam Cynwal, Simwnt Fychan, and William Llyn (269); a note headed 'Edifeirwch Owain Cyfeiliog' (269-70); a copy of 'Prophwydoliaeth Gildas Brophwyd' (270-73); an incomplete series of triads entitled 'Trioedd Cerdd gwasgaredig' (273-4 ); transcripts of two stanzas of the 'tawddgyrch cadwynog' measure attributed to Iorwerth ab Ieuan and Lewys Hopcin 'o Hendre Ifan Goch' and of 'englynion' attributed to Lewys Morganwg (277-8); a short list of names of places and persons mainly from Welsh literature and legend extracted from a manuscript collection of Welsh poetry compiled by D[afydd] Jones, vicar of Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd (279-81); a list of questions and answers headed 'Gofyniadau saith o wyr Doethion i'w gilydd a'u hattebion' (282-3); a transcript of an 'englyn' in Latin attributed to Grono Ywain (283); a series of thirty Welsh triads (284-9); a copy of a fable entitled 'Hanes y tri aderyn Llwch Gwin' (289-90; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, p. 188, and for an English translation ibid., p. 600); copies of two prose items entitled 'Hanes y Pedwar Cefnderwydd Gwynedd' and 'Cynghor Taliesin i'w Fab Afaon' and a note re a Glamorgan tradition linking Wa[l]ter de Mapes with the parish of Llancarvan (290-92); (continued)

A note relating to Gruffudd Dwn of Ystrad Marchell and his relationship with William Llyn and William Salesbury, with a copy of an 'englyn' by the said Gruffudd Dwn to Salesbury (293-4); a note on the words 'ynad' and 'anynad' (295); transcripts of Welsh strict- and free-metre poems attributed to [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg', Hopcin y Gwaydd 'o Fargam', Thomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes', Hywel Rhys 'o Flaen Cannaid', Edward Richards 'o Ystrad Meuryg', Siôn y Cent, y Parchedig Roger Edwards 'offeiriad Llanaber yn Ardudwy', Evan Evans ( ), Edmund Prys, and Iorwerth Fynglwyd (296-317); notes relating to Elis Wynn [cleric and author] with a transcript of six of the 'englynion' published by him at the beginning of his [translation of Jeremy Taylor's Holy Living, i.e.] Rheol Buchedd Sanctaidd and of the six 'englynion' to the translator by Edmund Prys 'Ficar Clynog Fawr yn Arfon a mab yr hen Edmund Prys o Faen Twrog' also published at the beginning of the said volume (318-23); transcripts of strict-metre poems attributed to ? Ieuan ap Gruffudd, Siôn y Cent, Tomas Morgan 'o'r Tyle Garw', Wiliam Dafydd 'neu Wilym Tir Ogwr', Dafydd y Blawd, Y Bardd Glas o' r Gadair, Evan Evans 'sef Ieuan Gwynfardd Ceredigion', Goronwy Owain, Hopcin y Gweydd 'o Fargam', Huw Caerog, Huw Llyn, Huw Pennant, Wiliam Cynwal, Ieuan Tew Hynaf, Wiliam Byrcinshaw, Siôn Tudur, and Richard Dafies, Escob Mynyw, and of some unattributed verse, the poems in some instances being accompanied by notes relating to subject matter, circumstances of composing, etc. (323-57); a note relating to the grading or licencing of bards at the time of the 'eisteddfod' at Caerwys ? 1565 (357-8); notes relating to Elisabeth Price, cousin of Robert Fychan of Hengwrt [co. Merioneth], her work as a copyist of the works of Welsh poets from the earliest to her own times, some twenty manuscript volumes in her hand in the possession of the Reverend Mr. Dafis of Penegos near Machynllaith [co. Montgomery], the untrustworthy nature of the genealogical manuscripts of Gwynedd, the compilation of such works as Brut y Brenhinoedd, Brut y Tywysogion, and Brut y Saeson in South Wales, the preservation of the poetic compositions of the bards of the princes of Gwynedd in South Wales manuscripts such as Llyfr Coch Hergest, Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin, Llyfrau Gogerddan, and Llyfrau Castell Rhaglan, the use of 'Iaith Deheubarth' as a literary language by the poets of Gwynedd, etc. (359-61; see TLLM, tt. 173-4); an anecdote relating to the poet Gutto'r Glyn's visit to an 'eisteddfod' at Cardiff Castle with a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Syr Wiliam Herbert and of part of a 'cywydd' attributed to Hywel Dafydd ap Ieuan ap Rhys connected therewith (362-3); transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Gruffudd ap Llywelyn Fychan and Ifan Brydydd hir (jointly), Lewis Môn, Tudur Aled, Rhisiart Iorwerth 'o Langynwyd', and Llywelyn Goch ap Meuryg Hen 'o Nannau', an 'englyn sathredig ym Morganwg', and a stanza attributed to Owen Brereton (363-5); brief genealogies of Taliesin Ben Beirdd (366); and brief genealogical and other data relating to the three bardic brothers Ednyfed, Madawg, and Llywelyn, sons of Gruffudd ap Iorwerth of Marchwiail [co. Denbigh] with reference to an 'eisteddfod' held at Marchwiail in the lifetime of the said three brothers (367-8). P. 385 is inscribed 'Brith y Coed, Rhann VI yn hwn y mae Statut Gruff. ap Cynan o Lyfr Siôn Brwynog', and pp. 387-8 contain a list of the contents of pp. 393-421 (previously paginated 1-29). Included, pagination in brackets, are prose items headed 'Llyma Saith weithred y Drugaredd yr rhai y bydd Crist ddydd brawd yn holi pob Criston yn galed am danynt' and 'Llyma beth o Gynghoreu Cattwn Ddoeth a'r Bardd Glas o'r Gadair i bob gwr doeth ar y fynno rengi bodd Duw a dynion . . .' (393-9); a short list of 'Geiriau gwir Taliesin' and a series of six Welsh triads (400); a series of sayings attributed to Y Bardd Glas o'r Gadair, and a sequence of questions and answers of a biblical - mythological nature (401-02); and transcripts of strict-metre poems attributed to Gutto'r Glynn, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Dafydd Na[n]mor, Meilir Brydydd, Dafydd ap Gwilym or Iolo Goch, and Llawdden or Gwilym ap Ieuan hen (403-21). The remainder of the volume contains, pagination in brackets, a copy of rules relating to the holding of 'eisteddfodau' and of a version of the statute for the regulating of the bardic order attributed to Gruffudd ap Cynan as allegedly confirmed at the [mid] fifteenth century 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen (425-37; the present version, according to notes On p. 437, had been compiled by Siôn Brwynog from various sources and had been transcribed by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' from one of the manuscripts of the aforementioned Elizabeth Price in the possession of the Reverend Mr. Dafies of Penegos aforesaid); a note by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' relating to the authorship of the aforementioned rules for holding 'eisteddfodau' (438; see TLLM, t. 281); notes relating to an 'eisteddfod' held at Y Pil in co. Glamorgan in 1715 listing the names of bards who ? were present and containing transcripts of 'englynion' composed at or in connection with the said ' eisteddfod' allegedly by Nicolas Rhys, Wil Hopcin, Siôn Bradford ('Ieuan Tir Iarll'), Dafydd Hopcin 'o'r Coetty', Dafydd Nicolas, Gruffudd ap Hywel ('Y Digri Bach'), Rhys Morgan, Siôn Rhydderch, and Dafydd Thomas (441-6; see TLLM, tt. 258, 277 et seq.); a further note relating to the aforementioned Dafydd Thomas who was at Y Pil including a reference to Siôn Rhydderch (446-7; see TLLM, t. 244); and what appears to be the superscription for proposed notes on an 'eisteddfod' held at Ystrad Ywain in co. Glamorgan in May 1720 (448).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A volume containing notes of a very miscellaneous nature in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') except for a few pages in the hand of Taliesin Williams, his son. Included, pagination in brackets, are a brief note relating to the 'short and simple and thence natural account of the Welsh Saints' and a reference to the possibility of the existence of documents relating to 'British Ecclesiastic history' at the Vatican (1); notes headed 'Llyma Enwau Swrn o Wyr Enwogion o Genedl y Cymry . . .' being notes on figures of Welsh mythology presumably extracted (see note on p. 5) from Welsh School Collection MS No. 43 ( listed as missing when the Welsh School Collection was presented to the British Museum in 1844, see B.M. Additional MS 14955) (7-12); genealogical and historical or pseudo-historical data relating to Welsh saints or reputed saints, notes relating to figures such as Macsen Wledig, Seithenin Frenin, and Meyric, Brenin Dyfed, lists of the children of Caw o Dwr Celyn, Brychan Brycheiniawc, and Seithenin ab Seithin, etc. (21-37); a brief note relating to the bardic brothers Cynfrig and Ieuan ap Gronw, and the son, grandson, and great-grandson of the said Ieuan, all being bards ( 57); notes relating to Urnach Wyddel, who led twenty thousand 'Gwyddelod' into Gwynedd, and his sons Syrigi and Daronwy (58); brief notes on Arianrod ferch Don, Ugnach Wyddel and his son Culfardd, Cadvan ap Eneas, Cadvan ap Iago, and Cadwallon ap Cadvan (59); an incomplete list headed 'Mythological characters ex Cambrian Biography' (61-2); genealogical data tracing the descent in direct line of figures such as Coel Godebawc, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, Gruffudd ap Cynan, Maxen Wledig, Iestin ap Gwrgan, Cynedda Wledig, Cadell Deyrnllwg, Llywarch Hen, etc., and a list of the children of the last-named (65-71); a note relating to 'Saer Wyddel o Gor Illtyd' (71-2); notes relating to Hywel Dda, his establishing of the privileged 'pymtheg llwyth' in Gwynedd and the 'pedair gwelygordd ar hugain' in Pywys, and his instructions for the keeping of records of genealogies, etc., in Gwynedd and Pywys (72-3); a brief genealogy tracing the direct descent of Elystan Glodrydd from Beli Mawr and brief notes on the sons of Cynfarch ap Meirchion (78); a brief genealogy giving the lineal ancestors and descendants of Gruffudd Gwyr (80); variant lists of the names of the children of y Caw Cawllog or Caw o Brydyn with brief notes thereon (81-3); miscellanea including a list of the names of the seven bishops who debated with 'Awstin, Escob y Saeson, ar lann Hafren' (? St. Augustine), a brief note on [the monastery of] Bangor is y coed, a list of the sons of Goronwy o Wareddawc, a list of ? saints linked with specific areas, a note relating to Saint Illtud, a list of saints associated with Morgannwg and Gwent, other lists, and miscellaneous data (83-8); a copy of an inscription relating to the contents and the compiler of 'Llyfr Twrog' (89); a list of thirteen saints with the locations of churches or cells founded by them and occasional additional data relating thereto (93-5); a list of the names of five of the children of Brychan (98 ); a list of names of saints with the locations of cells founded by them or of ? their sphere of activity (99-100); a list of ten Welsh manuscript or printed volumes (e.g. 'Salmau Capten Middleton yn ysgrifenedig', 'Egluryn Ffraethineb yn ysgrifenedig', 'Salmau Middleton - Print') headed 'Ystrad Meyryg 1799' and followed by a note stating that when the compiler of the list visited [Ystrad meurig] three years later the last item on the list was missing (101); three bardic triads 'o Ramadeg Simwnt Fychan' (102 ); an incomplete list of triads headed 'Trioedd a ddangoswyd yng Nghadair Garth Moelwg gan Willim ap leuan Hen a elwir Gwilym Tew Brydydd o Dir Iarll' (103-04); notes, sometimes date of death only, or anecdotes relating to forty-four persons who flourished from the ?first to the seventeenth century, e.g. Constantine the Great, St. David, St. Patrick, Geoff[rey] of Monmouth, Syr Rhys ab Thomas [ob. 1525], Richard Nevil, earl of Warwick, ob. 1471, Dav[id] Jenkins of Hensol [co. Glamorgan], and Sir Edw[ard] Carne of Weny, co. Glamorgan [ob. 1561], and to one family, viz. the Morgans of Pencarn, Monmouthshire (109-19); a note relating to, and brief extracts from, 'Llyfr Twrog' (121-3); brief extracts relating to 'Pair Cariadwen', 'Pair Ogyrfan Gawr', and 'Pair Dadeni', with an extract from the work of Cynddelw and a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Casnodyn illustrative of the word 'pair / peir' (129-30); notes relating to Saint Illtud, the monastery and school founded at Llanilltud, and the abbots of the said monastery, all under the superscription 'July 19th 1729. The Antiquities of Lantwit Major, Com. Glamorgan' and being allegedly transcribed by Edward Williams from a manuscript account compiled by David Nicholls in 1729 (see also NLW MSS 13114B, 13116B above) (149-70); a list of the abbots of the monastery at Lantwit [Major] compiled from the account given on pp. 149-70 with brief general comments relating thereto ( 171-3); (continued)

Notes relating to a field called 'the Halls hay' which, according to the aforementioned Mr. Nicholls and tradition, was the site of the old abbey, the stones of the new church possibly taken from ruins unearthed at Halls hay, the town hall, the tithe barn, the granary of the tithe barn 'said to have been the Gate of the Monastery', the rectory house, the 'Chantery house', and abbot's rents in the aforesaid town and parish of Lantwit Major (174-8); a list of old Welsh words (179); a list of Welsh manuscripts headed 'Llyfrau Tho. Edwards, Dinbych' (197-8); a list of eight 'Welsh MSS. with Revd. Richd. Davies at Bangor' (199); extracts from 'Vol. 63. P.P.' [i.e. Paul Panton MS No. 63 now NLW MS 2029B, of which see ff. 90 verso-92 recto] relating to the location of certain Welsh manuscripts (200); very brief notes referring to some of the items to be found in some of the 'MSS. at Mr. Panton' [i.e. the Panton MSS now NLW MSS 1970- 2068] (201-02); a transcript of the beginning of the tale of Einion ap Gwalchmai and Rhiain y Glasgoed (209); a list of Welsh words with English definitions or comments thereon (210-11); a short list of Welsh words or phrases and a bardic triad (212); extracts from poems attributed to Gutto' r Glynn (215); lists of compound Welsh words containing instances of D + D or D + T > TT as in 'Cyttun < Cyd-dynn', of D > T 'when preceding G', etc. (217-19); copies of memorial inscriptions in the churches of Penarth and Landough [juxta] Penarth [co. Glamorgan] (220-25; in the hand of Tal[ies] in Williams); brief extracts from 'Llyfr Siôn Hywel Gwynn' defining the terms 'Alban Elfed', 'Alban Arthan', 'Alban Eilir', and 'Alban Hefin' and the three divisions of the year (226); miscellaneous jottings including an extract from The Independent Whig, 25 December 1808, a brief genealogical note referring to Thos. Vaughan of Hergest [co. Hereford, ob. 1469], his son and grandson, and a copy of the inscription on the tomb of the Reverend Edward Gamage, ob. 1734, in St. Athan's churchyard [co. Glamorgan ] (229-30); a brief note on Nicholas ap Gwrgant, bishop of Landaff in 1149, extracted from Brown Willis [: A Survey of the Cathedral Church of Landaff ], etc. (232); a note referring to the establishing of the bardic 'Cadair Tir Iarll' by Robert, son-in-law of Rhobert ab Ammon [late 11th cent.] (233); a short list of Welsh proverbs with English translations of some (234); two groups of Welsh words the first exemplifying 'Deudneudian mutilation' and the second 'Diphthongs with a diaresis' (235); a brief note on the poet Robert Langland, fl. 1369, and a list containing the names of three Glamorgan centenarians who were alive in 1812 and of one who had died in 1809 (237); a transcript of five 'englynion' attributed to John Miles of Pencoed, Llanilid [co. Glamorgan], 1812 (238); extracts from certain clauses of the 'New Toleration Act finally passed July 29th 1812' [ i.e. 'Places of Religious Worship Act, 1812'] (239-40); miscellaneous genealogical data relating to South Wales (245-51); genealogical data centred on the poet Dafydd Llwyd ap Llywelyn ap Gruffydd of Mathafarn [co. Montgomery] (253); the words and music of a song headed 'Irish song in the Register office by Mr. Moody' (254 + 259); transcripts of strict-metre stanzas attributed to Risiart Twrbil and Dafydd Benwyn (255); an extract from '?Mrs. Robinson's Monody to the memory of the Queen of France', etc. (256-7); an incomplete list (two names only) of 'Subscribers to Poems by E[dward] W[illiams], 2nd edit., 1813' (258); brief genealogical notes centred upon Ifor Petti [Ifor Bach, fl. 1158] of Seinghenydd [co. Glamorgan] (258); five stanzas of Welsh religious verse (260); brief notes headed 'Glamorgan 1806' containing brief observations on the progress of the wheat crops and the abundance of sainfoin 'in the Vale', 1-11 June, and on the soil, the amount of clover, and wychelms, etc., in the 'Vale of Miskin', and a copy of an inscription at Llanelldeyrn (271-2); a copy of an inscription 'On the Tomb of Monce de Lundres in the Abbey Church of Ewenny' (273); miscellanea including a note on the budding and flowering of trees and privets in the St. Athan area, April 1809, and on the comparative lightness of snowfalls in the southern part of the Vale of Glamorgan in the winter of 1808-1809, and extracts from 'Baldwin's London and Weekly Journal' relating to a storm in the London area in May 1809 and a snowstorm in the ? Bath area in April 1809 with notes contrasting conditions in Glamorgan on the same dates (274-5); a list of ? market towns in Glamorgan, 1809 (276); medicinal recipes (277-8); brief notes on the countryside between Landaff and Llantrisent [co. Glamorgan], 23 June 1810 (279); extracts from 'Bald[win's] Journal', July 1809, and [Anthony Florian Madinger] Willich: The Domestic Encyclopaedia [London, 1802] (281- 3); incomplete lists of 'cromlechau', tumuli, [stone] circles, and ruined chapels in co. Glamorgan (285-90); notes relating to the Lantwit Vairdre and Newbridge areas [of co. Glamorgan] (291-5); two examples of rotations of crops ? practised in Glamorgan (296); notes on the crossing of breeds of sheep in Glamorgan (302); brief notes ? from Dugdale's Baronage relating to Roger Mortimer of Chirk [ob. 1326], William Zouch of Mortimer [ob. 1337], and Hugh, earl of Chester, late 11th cent. (307-08); a list of Welsh words headed 'Deudneudiaith' (315); a transcript of a stanza of Welsh verse attributed to Guttyn . . . Gnwppa, two triads, a copy of an 'englyn' by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg', a formula for making ink, and an extract from a 'cywydd' attributed to T[udur] Aled (317); an account of Wiliam Dafydd Powel Ierwerth of the parish of Tre Gaian, co. Anglesey, ob. 1582, and his forty-three children (318-19); a tale relating to two families from Gwern Howel near Ysbytty and Rhyd y creue or Cil cenys [? co. Denbigh] (319-21); transcripts of two three-line stanzas of Welsh verse attributed to Ddd. Thomas, circa 1600, and one stanza of a Welsh carol (321); copies of eleven stanzas of Welsh verse headed 'o hen garol ar Salm 130' and two further stanzas headed 'Llyma ddechreu'r carol rhagflaeniedig. Y De profundis. Psalm 130' (322-4); brief notes relating to events in Wales and Ireland, 1648-9, based on or extracted from [John] Banks [: A Short Critical Review of the Political] Life of Oliver Cromwell [1739] (325-7); and other miscellanea.

'Iolo Morganwg' and Taliesin Williams.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume containing miscellaneous lists, notes, jottings, etc., of a very varied nature in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Included are pp. 1-22, miscellaneous extracts allegedly from a manuscript in the hand of Siôn Bradford (extracts - single words or lines, couplets, stanzas, etc. - from the works of Welsh bards, occasional annotations by Siôn Bradford, an anecdote relating to a bard named Ieuan ap y Diwlith, notes relating to fifteen strict poetic metres in a system described by Antoni Pywel, 'englynion' attributed to Siôn Bradford himself ); 38, a brief note on the colour of bardic robes; 39, lists of 'graddau cenhedlaeth hyd y nawfed ach'; 41-4, notes relating to the introduction of 'a new musical system or theory into Wales' possibly from Ireland in the time of Gruffudd ap Cynan including a comment to the effect that no musical instrument was mentioned by Welsh bards circa 1080-1280; 45-6, 181- 4, 247-51, notes on the word 'Cimmeri' and its variants as a national appelative and the formation of the language of the said people; 51-2, brief notes on steel making; 53-4, notes ? relating to the Glamorgan system of Welsh metrics; 55-6, a list of bards headed 'Llyma enwau Beirdd Cadeirogion Tir Iarll amser yr ymryson a fu ryngddynt am farwnad Ieuan a Hywel Swrdwal', and a note relating to 'Cadair Tir Iarll'; 59, a note relating to Gruff. ap Cynan's flight to, and return from, Ireland; 60, triads relating to 'cerdd deuluaidd' or 'cerdd arwest'; 61-3, notes on an 'eisteddfod' organised by Gruff. ab Nicolas at Carmarthen [circa 1450], the part played by D[afydd] ab Edmwnd, the reluctance of the bards of Morgannwg to accept the rules, etc., devised by Dafydd ab Edmwnd, the research undertaken by the said bards into the bardic system, rules, etc.; 66-9, statistics relating to the population of Wales (N.D.) with comments on the English element in Pembrokeshire and Gower, co. Glamorgan, and the English influence on the Welsh border; 70-71, a note on the 'Scaldic School' of poets in Wales; 81 + 93, notes on the words 'Llysdanc' i.e. ' juridical peace', and 'cyfallwy'; 97, a note on Rhobert, iarll Caerloyw (earl of Gloucester), his acquisition of Tir Iarll, and his organising of the bardic order, with mention of the poets Rhys Goch ap Rhiccert (temp. Robert), Ieuan fawr ap y Diwlith, and Trahaearn Brydydd mawr; 101-03, notes on Davydd ap Gwilym more particularly chronological; 105-07, notes relating to an 'eisteddfod' held at Glynn Achlach in Ireland [temp. Gruffudd ap Cynan], an opinion on the alleged connection between the said Gruffudd, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, Rhys ap Tewdwr, and Gruffudd ap Rhys successively and the formulating of regulations for the Welsh bardic order, and a comment on the probability of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn 'having instituted some Regulations respecting Pedigrees and Land rights' and of Gruffudd ap Cynan having 'introduced Irish or Scaldic music and rules of good order amongst Musicians into North Wales'; 111, a list of place-names containing the element Bangor; 138-9, notes relating to 'Cadeiriau ag Eisteddfodau wrth gerdd dafod' ('Cadair Tir Iarll', 'cadair ym Marchwiail', 'eisteddfodau' at Caerfyrddin and Caerwys, 13th-16th cent.); 140, a note on the poet Gwilym Tew; 141-8, notes on 'eisteddfodau' held at Caerfyrddin in 1451 and N.D., and decisions taken relating to the bardic order and 'cerdd dafawd'; 149-51, genealogical data relating to Iestin ab Gwrgan, lord of Morgannwg; 152 + 157, a brief chronicle of historical and pseudo- historical events in Britain, 1300 B.C. - 230 A.D.; 156, an anecdote relating to Gwaithfoed, lord of Cibion and Ceredigion, and the Saxon king Edgar; 158-9, notes relating to Welsh strict metres referring to 'Cwlm Cadair Caerfyrddin' based upon metrical systems arranged by Gwilym Tew, Dafydd ap Edmwnd, and Llawdden; 165, transcripts of five 'englynion' attributed to Dafydd Benwyn; 167, notes on Owain ap Cadwgan and his son Einion, temp. Henry I; 171-2, notes on Thomas Jones of Tregaron ('Twm Siôn Catti'); 178-9, an anecdote relating to the bard Siôn Cent; 185, notes headed 'Origin of letters in Britain'; 187, a note relating to derivative and compound words in Welsh; 188, a list of fourteen ? rules under the heading 'Theophilanthropists of Wales or Berean Society'; 189, a note on an 'eisteddfod' held by Rys ap Tewdwr at Castell Nedd in 1080; 213, a short list of Glam[organ] proverbs and idioms; 230, a note on 'Hopcin ap Thomas ap Einion Hen a elwir Einion Offeiriad' and the said 'Einion Hen'; 233-41, extracts from [Joseph Robertson:] An Essay on Punctuation (1785); 243-6, transcripts of seven stanzas of English religious verse, an English prayer, and the music of two psalm tunes; 253, an extract from a 'cywydd' attributed to R[hys] G[och] Eryri, and a list of words headed 'Geiriau Gofram yr Alban Eilir, 1815'; 254-61, lists of words and other extracts from Henry Perri [: Eglvryn Phraethineb sebh dosparth ar] Retoreg [ Lhundain, 1595], and other poetic extracts; 262-3, a copy of a 'Sonnet on the prospect of Vaucluse from Petrarch' and an epitaph on an infant by Edwd. Williams, and a list of 'Places to enquire where they are'; 269-74, miscellaneous poetic extracts to illustrate specific words such as 'barddas', 'gwyddfa', etc., and lists headed 'Pumwydd Celfyddyd' and 'Naw Cynneddf Doethineb'; 275, a brief note on the practice of planting trees at crossroads in Glamorganshire; 277-9, a description of the method of swearing the bardic oath; 281-2, a list of the names by which God is known in Welsh with English definitions; 284-5, brief notes relating to the poet Llywelyn Llogell Rhison and his two brothers of Marchwiail [co. Denbigh], and the poet Mab Claf ab Llywarch, with a reference to the attribution of 'Englynion Eiry Mynydd' to the said Llywelyn and Mab Claf; 286, notes on the written version of the tale 'Hanes Taliesin'; 291-2, a list of 'Prif gyfoethau Gwlad Gymru', (continued)

298-300, an extract from the Saxon Chronicle with an English translation; 302, a comment on adverse opinions concerning the antiquity of 'Glam[organ] bardism and its concommitant literature'; 303, notes relating to the bardic 'chair of Glamorgan in Tir Iarll', 'Cadair Taliesin', and 'Cadair Urien'; 304-06, notes headed 'Llyma ddosparth yr awgrym' with lists of numerals headed 'Llyma lafariaith awgrym herwydd a'i dangosir dan a[r]wyddon rhif sathredig y cenedloedd . . .' (see J. Williams ab Ithel: Barddas . . ., vol. I, pp. 98-103); 309, a copy of the civil marriage vow of the time of Oliver Cromwell in Welsh; 311-12, a note on Gruffudd ap Cynan's institution of ? triennial 'eisteddfodau' at Aberffraw and of rules for the bardic fraternity; 316, a biographical note on the Bradford family of Tir Iarll or Bettws [co. Glamorgan]; 319, a note on 'cynghanedd' prior to the time of Gruffudd ap Cynan; 324, a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Lewys Mon; 325-6, three triads headed 'Bardic Theology'; 329-30, eight triads headed 'Trioedd amrafaelion'; 335-6, a transcript of six stanzas of Welsh verse attributed to Rhobert, tywysog Norddmandi; 340, notes on the means adopted by Welsh bards to earn a living, circa 1500-1680; 341, six triads headed 'Trioedd Iaith ag Ymadrodd'; 344-8, notes on the development of alliteration in Welsh poetry and the 'rules of . . . the Scaldic School of Welsh versification'; 357-8, a few bardic triads; 374-5, notes relating to various bardic 'chairs'; 379, questions and answers relating to 'Pair Ogrwen', 'Cariadwen', and 'Pair Dadeni'; 387, a short list of four triads; 390-91, notes relating to 'chware hud a Iledrith' of Math ap Mathonwy; 397-9, 402-03, lists of proverbial or idiomatic expressions in Welsh; 407-11, a list of thirty triads headed 'Llyma'r Trioedd a ddatcanodd Iolo Morganwg yng Ngorsedd Beirdd Ynys Prydain ar Frynn Dinorweg yn Arfon, Alban Elfed 1799'; 411-20, notes relating to ? bardic ceremonial and the duties of bards, and seven triads headed 'Llyma Drioedd cynghlo Cadair a Gorsedd'; 421-2, a list of Welsh phrases with English equivalents headed 'Address of letters - salutations in Glamorgan'; 442-3, a list of rules headed 'Rules to know when two languages have had the same word from remote antiquity which may claim it as originally its own'; 445-6, brief notes relating to the early bishops of Bangor, and Ylldud farchog and Eilifri, his mother; 447, transcripts of two 'englynion' attributed to Huw Cornwy and Huw Llwyd Cynfel; 447-8, notes on a ruin called Myrddin Taliesin on the banks of Llynn Geirionydd [co. Caernarvon]; 449, notes headed 'Pedwar Cerddawr Graddawl'; 450-51, an anecdote relating how [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' nearly lost his life through sleeping near a lime kiln at Llanelltyd [co. Merioneth] in June 1799; 452-7, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Siôn Philip, Edmund Prys, Huw Ednyfed, Lewis Môn, Tudur Aled, Owain Ifan, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Rhys Tyganwy, Huw Llwyd Cynfel, and Gruffudd Philip, and other poetic extracts; 472 + 475, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Richard Philip and Gruff. Hiraethog; 479, notes headed 'Edward Williams's idea of Public worship or Religious instruction rather'; 481-5, notes referring to Welsh literature in the late medieval period after the Edwardian conquest and, in connection therewith, the development of alliteration, the production of triplet verse and prose triads, the triads and verses of Llewelyn Llogell Rhison of Marchwiail, and the works of Hopcin Thomas ap Einion in South Wales, references to the existence of 'triades, triplet verses, etc., of very great antiquity', and to Druidic, Scaldic, Norman, Roman, and Saxon influences ? on literature, and a note on the lasting effects of the Edwardian conquest on political and religious attitudes in North Wales; 506, lists of 'flowering shrubs', 'native flowers rare', and 'evergreens' in Glamorgan; etc. Interspersed amongst the above items throughout the volume are lists or groups of Welsh words, notes on Welsh words, etymological notes, genealogical data, miscellaneous extracts from a variety of printed sources, and other miscellaneous items.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume containing miscellaneous material in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents include p. 1, a copy of a proclamation announcing the holding of an 'eisteddfod' at Caerwys, co. Flint, in the year 1523; 2-26, extracts from, or versions of, the statutes for regulating the organisation and conduct of Welsh bards and musicians associated mainly with the name of Gruffudd ap Cynan; 26-35, a series of triads with the superscription 'Llymma Drioedd Gruffudd ap Dafydd Ychan'; 39-43, a copy of an 'Awdl perthynol i'r Rhyfel bresenol ag America' attributed to I[orwerth] ap G[wilym]; 49-60, transcripts of two Welsh poems attributed to Llywarch Brydydd y Moch and Cynddelw Brydydd, three 'englynion' from 'Llyfr Hir Llanharan', and an 'englyn' attributed to Siôn y Cent; 65-94, transcripts of miscellaneous Welsh verse including a series of twenty-two stanzas with the superscription 'Llyma'r Englynion a fu rhwng Trystan ab Tallwch a Gwalchmai ab Gwyar . . . ', 'Casbethau Arthur', stanzas from the 'Black Book of Carmarthen' attributed to Taliesin, a sequence of twenty-seven stanzas ('Gwasgargerdd Merddin yn ei Fedd') attributed to Myrddin ab Madawg Morfryn, a 'marwnad' attributed to Gruffydd Llygad gwr, a four-line 'darogan' attributed to Peredur Fardd, thirty stanzas from the 'Red Book of Hergest' entitled 'Ymatreg Llywelyn a Gwrnerth', forty-four stanzas with the superscription 'Tribanau yr Eiry Mynydd ar y mesur a elwir yr Hen Driban' attributed to Mab claf ab Llywarch or Llywarch Hen, and a further series of twenty stanzas with the superscription 'Llyma Englynion Eiry Mynydd eraill . . .' attributed to Ystyffan Bardd Teilo or Talhaiarn; 97-101, a list of the twenty-four traditional Welsh accomplishments ('Y Pedair Camp ar hugain'); 103-24, transcripts of 'cywyddau', etc., attributed to Bedo Philip Bach, Howel Dafydd ab Ieuan ab Rhys, Gr. Hiraethog, Siôn Mawddwy, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Trehaearn Brydydd Mawr, and Gutto'r Glynn, and of a series of 'englynion' to commemorate the year of accession of every English monarch during the period 1067-1558, these last being attributed to Berud ap yr Ynad Coch, Bleddyn Ddu, Cynddelw Brydydd Mawr, Llywelyn Fardd, Dafydd y Coed, Harri Haram Param, Llefot Wynebcolawr, Cyssymdaith Llefot Wynebcolawl, Mabwaith Hengrys o Ial, Llygad Gwr, Llywelyn ap Hywel Wrnerth, Gwilym Ddu 'o Arfon', Dafydd Bach ap Madoc Gwladaidd, Hywel Ystorun, Daniel Llosgwrn Marw, Dafydd Eppynt, Ieuan Brydydd Hir, Bleddyn ap Ieuan Hen, D. ddu, Ierwerth Fynglwyd, Rhys Nanmor, Hywel ap Bleddyn Mathew, Owain y Bardd 'o Wynedd', and Huw Arwystli; 129-35, a list of mainly Welsh authors who had written about the island of Britain ('am holl ynys Brydain') and of Welsh bards who had written of the three regions of Wales ('tair talaith Cymru'), etc.; 137, receipts for making ink; 138-9, transcripts of the Lord's Prayer in Welsh as versified by Dafydd Benwyn, and of 'englynion' attributed to Thos. Llen. 'o Regoes', Daf. o'r Nant, and Iolo Morganwg; 140-50, a transcript of a letter from Dafydd Tomas from Pandy'r Ystrad to Dafydd Rhys touching upon the course of the Reformation and the rise of Nonconformity in Glamorgan and mentioning Rhawlins White, Siôn Penri, William Erbri, and Walter Cradoc, and a translation of the Bible into Welsh by Tomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes' (the text of this letter was published in L. J. Hopkin James and T. C. Evans: Hen Gwndidau, Carolau, a Chywyddau . . . (Bangor, 1910), pp. 207-13; for doubts as to its authenticity and the opinion that it was composed by Edward Williams himself see TLLM, tt. 127, 245); 151-3, an anecdote relating to Gwilym Hir Saer and three stanzas in the 'triban' measure attributed to him; 154-64, two versions of 'Dengair Deddf y Beirdd' or 'Dengair Deddf Beirdd y Cymry' (published in James and Evans: op. cit., pp. 199-207); 165-74, a transcript of a letter from Dafydd Nicolas ? of Aberpergwm from Glyncorrwg to Edward Han of Aberdar, 1754, in which the writer gives his views on the relative merits of Welsh strict- and free- metre verse (the text of the letter was published in Taliesin . . ., cyf. I, 1859-60, tt. 92-5; for doubts as to its authenticity and an opinion that it was composed by Edward Williams himself see TLLM, tt. 241, 290-92); 175-6, a short chronicle of events in Welsh history, 1221-1419; 177-216, transcripts of Welsh poems attributed to Howel ab Owain Gwynedd, Casnodyn Fardd, ? Cynddelw, ? Teulu Owain Cyfeilyawc, Prydydd y Moch, Meilir Brydydd, Bleddyn Fardd, Llywelyn Fardd, Taliesin, Rhobin Ddu, Y Bergam o Faelor, Ieuan Trwch y Daran, D. ab Edmund, Ieuan Tew Hen, and Lln. ap Guttun, and miscellaneous extracts; 217, a copy of the prophecy of Friar Bacon ('Prophwydoliaeth y Brawd a elwid Ffreier Bacon'); (continued)

218-21, miscellanea including transcripts of two 'englynion' attributed to Sir Huw Dafydd and Thomas Powel, and a list of the cantrefi and cymydau of Morganwg 'ex Havod MS.'; 222-4, miscellaneous domestic and medicinal recipes; 243-5, a copy of a foreword reputedly written by Benjamin Simon in 1754 to a collection of the poems of Dafydd ap Gwilym; 246-52, transcripts of Welsh poems attributed to Ieuan Tew o Gydweli and Edward Llwyd; 253-5, a list of castles in Britain ('Caerau Ynys Prydain sef y Prif Gaerau'); 255-69, transcripts of miscellaneous 'englynion', three triads, and poems attributed to Siams ab Harri 'o Euas' and Gruffudd ap Ieuan ap Llywelyn Fychan; 270-87, transcripts of series of 'sayings', proverbs, triads, etc., with the superscriptions 'Saith gamp a ddylai fod ar wr', 'Saith ymofynion a'u hattebion', 'Geiriau Gwir Cattwg Ddoeth', 'Gorddodeu Cattwg ddoeth', 'Gorddodeu'r Hen Gattwg o Ial', 'Synnidau Cattwg Ddoeth', 'Trioedd amrafaelion', 'Diarhebion amrafaelion', 'Diarhebion Cenhedlig a Lleol', 'Llyma Ddiarhebion Tymmor a Thywydd', and 'Diarhebion Meddygol'; 287-95, a sequence of fifty-three stanzas entitled 'Englynion yr Eira Gwyn ar Ddiarhebion'; 296-323, transcripts of miscellaneous Welsh prose and verse items including prose items headed 'Llyma wyth llawenydd y Nef', 'Llyma Rinwedd y Ceiliog', 'Cas Betheu gan Dduw', 'Wyth o Drioedd', 'Naw Gradd yr Awgrym', 'Naw gradd Carrenydd', 'Llyma y pum achos sydd i gadw achau', 'Nodau Rhifyddiaeth yr Hen Gymry', 'y Llythyrenau Cymreig Hen a Newydd', 'Tri chynghor a roddes Iesu Grist iddei Ganlynwyr', 'Enwau Ynys Prydain a'i Rhag ynysoedd a'i chaerydd', and 'Hwedl Rhitta Gawr', 'englynion' attributed to Dafydd Benwyn 'o Forganwg', Edward Dafydd 'o Fargam', and Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleison, twenty-six stanzas attributed to Rhys Llwyd Brydydd 'o Lanharan', and verse attributed to Merddin Emrys, Taliesin, and Goronwy Owain; 324-438, transcripts of Welsh poems, mainly 'cywyddau', attributed to Iolo Goch, Gwilym ab Ieuan Hen, Rhys ab Cynfrig Goch, Dafydd ab Edmwnd, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Thomas Llywelyn, Lewys Môn, Rhys Nanmor, Huw Cae Llwyd, Rhys Goch 'o'r Eryri', Siôn Philib, William Llyn, Rhisiart Fynglwyd, Rhys Llwyd ab Rhys ab Rhisiart, Meredydd ap Rhys, Ieuan Du'r Bilwg, Siôn y Cent, Ieuan Cae Llwyd, Tudur Aled, Syr Owain ab Gwilym, Owain Gwynedd, Taliesin, Dafydd Llwyd ab Llywelyn ab Gruffydd 'o Fathafarn', and Siôn Mowddwy; 439-42, transcripts of items with the superscriptions 'Gweddi Talhaearn . . .', 'Y Deuddeg Prif Gynnegolion . . .', 'Llyma Bennill Cadair Gorsedd Alban Arthan', 'Llyma Weddi'r Orsedd', and 'Cylch Byd a Bywyd', and examples of the strict metre known as 'gorchest y beirdd'; 459-95, transcripts of poems attributed to Dafydd ap Gwilym and some unattributed poems; 555-65, three sequences of stanzas (16, 13, and 8) with each verse commencing 'Coronog Faban' attributed to Aneurin Gwawdrydd or Gildas ap y Caw, Jonas Athraw Mynyw, and Rhys Goch 'o Eryri', with comments on the three series; 566, transcripts of four stanzas of Welsh strict-metre verse attributed to Rhys Llwyd and Iorwerth Fynglwyd; 571-86, a version of the statute relating to Welsh bards and musicians associated with the names of Gruffudd ab Cynan and Bleddyn ab Cynffyn; 587-9, notes relating to an 'eisteddfod' held by Rhys ab Gruffydd in Cardigan and rules formulated relating to the bards and 'eisteddfodau'; and 590-626, transcripts of miscellaneous Welsh prose and verse items including notes headed 'Llyma fal y dychre Dosparth ar Gelfyddyd cerdd dafawd yn Llyfr Iago ab Dewi', series of triads with the superscriptions 'Llyma Drioedd o hen Lyfr Tre'r Eos', 'Llyma Drioedd Gwilym hir, saer Hopkin ap Thomas ab Philip', and ['Trioedd] o Lyfr y Dr. Williams o Gaernarfon', Welsh poems attributed to Taliesin, Iorwerth Beh, Mabclaf ab Llywarch, and ? Daniel Llosgwrn Mynyw, a version of the bardic statute associated with the name of Gruffudd ap Cynan, prose items with the superscriptions 'Llyma Gasbetheu Doethion Rhufein', 'Dewisa Gwr nid amgen', 'Saith rhodd yr Yspryd Glan', 'Llyma Ddewisolion Dafydd Maelienydd', and 'Dewisolion Hywel Ystoryn', and an anecdote relating to Huw Llwyd Cynfel, brother of Morgan Llwyd 'o Wynedd'.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A volume containing miscellany of prose and verse items in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'), divided into three sections each described on its 'title-page' as 'Brith y Coed sef cynnulliad cymmysg o hen Bethau Cymreig Rhyddiaith a Phrydyddiaeth Cynnulliad Iolo Morganwg'. These three sections are numbered Rhifyn 1, 11, 111 respectively. The contents of section 1 (pp. i-viii, 1-153) consist of miscellaneous items including notes on the three bardic brothers Ednyfed, Madawc (Benfras), and Llywelyn ap Gruffudd of Marchwiail [co. Denbigh] (11), copies of versions of the dedicatory epistle to Richard Mostyn and the letter to the reader which Gruffudd Hiraethog composed as introductory material to his booklet or volume 'Lloegr drigiant ddifyrrwch Brytanaidd Gymro' which contained, inter alia, his collection of Welsh proverbs (see D. J. Bowen: Gruffudd Hiraethog a'i Oes (Caerdydd, 1958), tt. 32-7) (33-42), a list of old Welsh words extracted from the aforementioned booklet (37), a copy of Simwnt Vychan's licence as 'pencerdd' granted at the Caerwys eisteddfod, 1567 (42- 3), miscellaneous Welsh proverbs (44-5, 72), a list of fifteenth and sixteenth century Welsh bards with the names of their burial places (59-62 ), an anecdote relating to Siôn Mowddwy (64), a copy of the marriage vow ( Welsh) in force in the time of Oliver Cromwell (73), a brief note on the orthography of the 'Black Book of Carmarthen' (73), medicinal recipes (74- 5), a description of a traditional Glamorgan game called 'Chware cnau mewn Llaw' (see IM, tt. 51-2) (76), anecdotes purporting to give biographical data re Dafydd ap Gwilym (77-85), an anecdote relating to Rhisiart Iorwerth 'o Langynwyd' incorporating an 'englyn' attributed to him (86-7), an anecdote re the imprisonment of people in Cardiff gaol for their religious views in the reign of Mary [Tudor] (93-6), an anecdote re a meeting of poets at Ystrad Ywain [co. Glamorgan] in 1720 (98), a note relating to Llywelyn Bren Hen (100), a brief pedigree of the Abermarlais family (101), a list of Welsh proper names derived from Latin (105-06), a note on 'cerdd gadair' and 'cerdd deuluaidd' (107), a series of triads entitled 'Trioedd y Cybydd' (117-20), a few triads with other miscellanea ( 132-3), a note on violent winds near Ruthyn [co. Denbigh] in 1628-1629 (137-8 ), an extract from a letter from John Lloyd ap Huw to Edward Llwyd of the [Ashmolean] Museum [Oxford], 1698, concerning the location of certain ' cistiau' and stone circles (138-9), a note on Tudur Aled with a list of bards licensed at an 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys in 1565 (150-51), and an anecdote relating to Tomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes' (152); prose items, lists, etc., with the superscriptions 'Llyma enwau Pedwar Marchog ar hugain Llys Arthur . . .' (1-10), 'Llyma enwau Arfau Arthur' (10), 'Llyma Enwau llongau . . . Arthur' (10), 'Casbethau Cattwg Ddoeth' (16), 'Enwau y Pedair camp ar hugain (24 accomplishments) a'r achos y gwnaethpwyd hwynt' (17-19), Pedwar Marchog ar hugaint oedd yn Llys Arthur . . .' (20-23), 'Cynghorion Ystudfach fardd' (27-8), 'Cyngor Taliesin . . . i Afawn ei Fab . . .' (46), 'Llyma achau a Bonedd rhai o'r Prydyddion' (49), 'Ymryson yr Enaid a'r Corph yr hwn a droes Iolo Goch o'r Lladin yng Nghymraeg' (65-70 ), 'Naw Rhinwedd y gofyn Duw gan Ddyn' (70-71), 'Graddau Carennydd' (92), 'Coffedigaeth am ladd y Tywysog Llywelyn ap Gruffudd . . . ' (130-31), 'Y Saith Veddwl teithiol' (134-5), 'Llyma saith Rhad yr Yspryd Glân' (135), 'Llyma'r . . . saith Bechod marwol' (135), 'Llyma saith weithred y drugaredd' (135), 'Llyma Weddi y Pader' (136), 'Enwau y nawnyn a diriwys yn gyntaf yn Fforest Glynn Cothi' (142-3), and 'Chwe peth a ddifa Lloegr' (148); and transcripts of Welsh poems in strict and free metre, often single 'englynion', including poems attributed to Rhys Goch Eryri (12), Thomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes' (12,141), Gruffydd Hiraethog (13), Simwnt Fychan (? 13, 109), Bleddyn ddu (13), Dafydd Benwyn (13), Richard Hughes ( 14, 116), Wm. Llyn (14), Elis Wynn 'o blwyf Llanuwchlyn' (15), Taliesin Ben Beirdd (23, 90-91, 104), Ystudfach fardd (23-6), Thomas Gruffudd (32), Llen. Deio Pywel (46), Llywelyn Siôn 'o Langewydd' (47-8), Hopcin ap Thomas ap Einon 'o Ynys Dawy' (50), Gytto'r Glynn (55), Thomas Glynn Cothi (57-8), Tomas Lewys 'o Lechau' (63-4), Morys Dwyfech (72), Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys (87-8), William Dafydd 'o Abercwmyfuwch' (88-9), Siôn y Cent (97, 112- 14), Dafydd ap Gwilym (99, 108), Edward Richards (108), Revd. Mr. Davies, Bangor (108), Tudur Aled (109), Edward Maelor (109), Rhys Cain (110, 115), Dafydd ap Siancyn Fynglwyd (110), Roger Cyffin (110), Siôn Tudur (110), Syr Huw Dafydd 'o Euas' (111), Ieuan Brydydd Hir 'o Lanyllted' (111), Thomas Powel 'o Euas' (111), Dafydd ab Edmwnd (114), Rhisiart Iorwerth (115), Syr Ifan, 'offeiriad Carno' (115), Matthew Owen (115), ? Huw Morys ( 115), Rhisiart Philip (115), Cynddelw Brydydd Mawr (116), Seisyllt Bryffwrch (116), Dafydd Nanmor (131), Iago ab Dewi (140), Llywelyn Tomas ( 141), and Rhobin Ddu 'o Fôn' (143-8), a sequence of fifteen stanzas called 'Araith y Gwragedd' (29-32), a sequence of 'Englynion y Misoedd' attributed to Syppyn Cyfeiliog or Cneppyn Gwerthrynion reputedly 'o Lyfr Ysgrif yn llaw'r Dr. Dafis o Fallwyd' (121-4), and a sequence of thirty-two 'Englynion yr Eira' attributed to Macclaff ap Llywarch (125-30). (continued)

Section 2 (pp. 161-312) contains miscellaneous items including a note relating to Morgan Llywelyn ? 'o Regoes' (170), a short list of Welsh bards who had acted as bardic teachers to other bards (198), miscellaneous genealogical and chronological data (220-21), lists of Welsh bards 'yn amser y Clymiad cyntaf ar Gerdd', 'yn yr ail clymiad Cerdd', and 'yn amser y trydydd Clymiad ar Gerdd' (225-32), a copy of an introduction written by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' in 1800 to a proposed booklet to be called 'Gwern Doethineb' containing ? extracts from miscellaneous Welsh manuscript sources (268-70), a brief chronicle of events in Welsh and British history to 1318 A.D. (275-9), a further brief chronicle of events in Welsh and British history to 1420 A.D. (280-300), and a third brief chronicle of such events to 1404 A.D. (301-03); prose items or lists with the superscriptions 'Henaifion Byd' (171-5), '14 Prif geinciau Cadwgan a Chyhelyn' (186-7), 'Llyma Ddosparth Cerdd Dant' (211-14), 'Llyma enwau y pedwar mesur ar hugain Cerdd dant' (214-15), 'Llyma y saith mesur ar hugain' (215-16), 'Llyma Lyfr a elwir Cadwedigaeth Cerdd Dannau . . .' ( 217-19), 'Llyma yr ystatys a wnaeth Gruffudd ap Cynan i'r Penceirddiaid a'r Athrawon i gymmeryd Disgyblion . . .' (271-4), and 'Dosparth yr awgrym' ( 303); and transcripts of Welsh poems, sometimes a single 'englyn', including poems attributed to Dafydd ap Gwilym (169-70, 205), Siôn y Cent (175-9), Huw Machno (180-84), Thomas Carn (184-5), Thomas Dafydd ap Ieuan ap Rhys 'o Bwll y Crochan' (a sequence of twenty 'Englynion Eiry Mynydd ar Ddiarhebion') (187-93), Dafydd ap Edmwnt (194), Siôn Brwynog (195, 200), Hywel ap Syr Mathew (196), Dicc Huws (197), Syr Thomas Williams 'o Drefriw' (199), Dafydd Nanmor (200, 304), Thomas James (200), Rhys Cain (201, 203 ), Siôn Philip (201-02), Huw Pennant (202), Morgan ap Huw Lewys (202), Huw Arwystli (204), Tudur fardd coch (205), Llawdden fardd (206), Dafydd Manuel (207-10), Guttyn Owain (222-4), Edward Dafydd (265-7), and Thomas Llewelyn 'o Regoes' (304), a series of 'englynion' mostly to the nightingale reputedly composed in connection with 'eisteddfodau' held at Caerwys including 'englynion' attributed to Siôn Tudur, Wiliam Cynwal, Wiliam Lleyn, Rd. Davies, escob Mynyw, Robert Gruffydd ab Ieuan, Bartholom Jones, Huw Llyn, Elis ab Rhys ab Edward, Syr Lewys 'o Langyndeyrn', Hittin Grydd, and Lewys ab Edward (233-9), a series of one hundred and sixty stanzas with the superscription 'Chwedlau'r Doethion (o Lyfr Tre Brynn)' each stanza commencing 'A glywaist ti chwedl' (240-60), and a second sequence of thirty-four stanzas of the same nature (260-65).

Section 3 (pp. 313-444) includes prose items with the superscriptions 'Llyma Ragaraith Bardd Ifor Hael' (with a note thereon by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg') (335-9) 'Cas Bethau Bardd Ifor Hael' (339), 'Trithlws ar ddeg Ynys Prydain' (340-41), 'Llyma fal y telid iawn dros alanas gynt. . .' (352), 'Llyma ddosparth yr awgrym' (356), 'Dewis Bethau Bach Buddugre' (357-8) 'Casbeth Ieuan Gyffylog' (358-9), 'Casbethau Dafydd Maelienydd' (362-3), 'Llyma gynghorion y Dryw o'r Llwyn glas' (364-6), 'Llyma gynhorion Gwas y Dryw' (366), 'Araith Ieuan Brydydd Hir o Lanylltid' (with a note thereon by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg') (369-72), 'Llyma Enwau Prif Gaerydd Ynys Prydain' (393-7), and 'Dewis bethau Hywel Lygadgwsg' (424-5); transcripts of Welsh poems, sometimes a single 'englyn', including poems attributed to Wmffre Dafydd ab Han, 'clochydd Llan Bryn Mair' (321-7), Wiliam Philip 'o'r Hendre Fechan' (328-34), Morgan Mwcci Mawr (334), Richard Wiliam (343-9, 374), Dafydd Llwyd 'yn ymyl Llanrwst' (351), Dafydd Ddu 'o Hiraddug' (351), Llywelyn fawr y dyrnwr (360-61), Ieuan Brydydd Hir ( 372-4), Merfyn Gwawdrydd ('canu misoedd y flwyddyn') (375-82), Guttyn Owain (383-4), Maclaf ab Llywarch ('Eiry Mynydd' stanzas) (385-9), Taliesin Ben Beirdd (390-91, 398-401), Dafydd Edward 'o Fargam' (417), Thomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes' (417), Ednyfed Fychan (418), Morgan Llywelyn 'o Gastell Nedd' (419), Ystudfach Fardd (twenty-four 'Englynion y Bidiau') (421-4), Gwgan ab Bleddyn (426-7), and Davydd Davies 'o Gastell Hywel' (432); and miscellaneous items including instructions in Welsh for making fishing hooks ('Modd y gwneir Bachau enwair') (342-3), medicinal recipes (349-51, 420), lists of Welsh proverbs (353-5, 367-8), an anecdote re Taliesin and Maelgwn Gwynedd (391-2), a copy of the introduction written by Thomas Wiliems [of Trefriw] to his Latin - Welsh dictionary 'Thesaurus Linguae Latinae et Cambrobrytannicae' transcribed by [Edward Williams] ' Iolo Morganwg' from one of the manuscripts of Paul Panton of Plas Gwyn, Anglesey (now NLW MS 1983 of which see ff. 48-56) (402-13), a note by 'Iolo Morganwg' relating to Thomas Wiliems (414-15), a note relating to Cattwg Ddoeth (418), brief notes on Dafydd ap Gwilym, Llawdden Fardd, Dafydd ap Edmwnd, and Tudur Aled (428), four versions of the Lord's Prayer in Welsh 'o'r un llyfr yn llaw Edward Llwyd' (429-31), a note on Tudur Aled (432), and a short treatise commencing 'Llyma son am Fonedd ag anfonedd sef y traether am fonedd ac anfonedd yn hynn o fodd . . .' (433-9 ). Each section is preceded by a list of contents.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A volume containing miscellaneous items in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents, pagination in brackets, include a copy of an anecdote relating to the struggle between Caradawc ap Bran ap Llyr and the Romans and the building by Manawydan ap Llyr, his uncle, from the bones of those slain in the struggle, of a prison called 'Carchar Oeth ac Annoeth', all allegedly extracted from [a manuscript called] the 'Yniales' ( i-vii; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, pp. 185-7, and for an English translation ibid., PP-pp. 597-600; for the 'Yniales' see TLLM, sub nomine in index); a transcript, with revision of orthography, by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' of f. 9 and part of f. 10 recto of Llanover MS B 15 now NLW MS 13074D, ff. 9 recto-14 verso of which contain extracts from, and abstracts of sections of, a text of the version of the Welsh chronicle 'Brut y Tywysogion' known as 'Brenhinedd y Saeson' in the hand of Robert Vaughan of Hengwrt, co. Merioneth (xvii + 1-8; see NLW MS 13074D above); two lists of the sons of Seithinin, Brenin Cantref y Gwaelod, and Ithael Hael, and miscellaneous memoranda relating to Macsen Wledig, Cantre'r Gwaelod, Gwilym ap Gruff[udd of Penrhyn, co. Caernarvon, ob. 1431] and his son W[illia]m Gruff[udd], Urban, bishop of Landaff, early twelfth century, etc. (15-17); miscellaneous couplets, stanzas, and longer extracts from Welsh strict- and free-metre poems some unattributed and some attributed to G. Hiraethog, Llawdden, Siôn Brwynog, Rob[er]t Daf[ydd] Llwyd of Crymlyn, co. Anglesey, and Dicc Hughes, a short list of 'Prydyddion y Carolau yn Llyfr Mr. Davies o Fangor', brief notes relating to Rich[ar]d Huws, equerry to Queen Elizabeth and poet, and Siôn Brwynog, two triads, etc. (18-26); a chronicle of events in Wales, 1405-1417, connected with the revolt of Owain [Glyndwr] extracted from 'Loose paper[s] of Evan Evans at Mr. Panton's, Anglesea' (27-8; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, pp. 67-8, and for an English translation, ibid., pp. 453- 5); a chronicle of historical events, natural phenomena, etc., mainly in Welsh and British history, A.D. 55 - A.D. 453, allegedly from 'Llyfr Watkin Pywel o Ben y Fai o Lyfr Caradawc Llancarfan' (29-38; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, pp. 40-45, and for an English translation, ibid ., pp. 417-23); brief notes relating to Dyfnwal ap Dyfnwallawn, king of the North, King Edmwnd, and Prince Llywelyn ap Sissyllt in 877, and a brief note on the seizure of Gower in 966 by Einion ab Owain (41); incomplete notes relating to a feast at Castell Nedd in 1087 organised by Rhys ap Tewdwr and attended by Iestin ap Gwrgan (45-6); notes denoting the number of years between specified events or periods in time relating mainly to Britain and often involving mythological or pseudo-historical figures (e.g. from the coming of the Romans to Britain to the birth of Christ = 54 years, from the time of Beli Mawr, king of Britain, to the coming of the Romans = 75 years) (49-51); notes relating to figures such as Hu Gadarn, Prydain ap Aedd Mawr, and Beli Mawr and the dating of events from their time (57-8); notes denoting the length of various periods or epochs in early British and Welsh history up to the tenth century (e.g. from the time of Llyr Llwyd to the time of Prydain ab Aedd Mawr = 287 years, from the time of Prydain to that of Dyfnwal Moelmud = 29 years, etc .), the majority of the rulers whose reigns are noted as marking the beginning or end of a period being legendary kings, and a few, such as Rhodri Mawr and Hywel [Dda], historical, together with brief notes on events connected with some of the reigns noted (61-6; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, pp. 36-40, and for an English translation, ibid., pp. 412-17); miscellaneous genealogical data relating to, inter alios, the Gawntlo family of Tregawntlo [co. Glamorgan], Robert Rhaglan of Llanilltud fawr, Tudur Aled, Iolo Goch, Risiart Davies, bishop of St. David's, and descendants of Ednyfed Fychan and Einion ap Collwyn, mentioning as sources 'Llyfr Tew Watcin Williams o Langanna', 'Llyfr Twm o'r Nant', 'Hafod MS.', 'Llyfr G. Hiraethog', and 'Llyfr Mr. Vaughan' (71-4, 81-5, 91); an extract [from a Panton MS] relating to the codification of the [Welsh] laws [by Hywel Dda] and instructions to Blegywryd to reduce them to writing (95; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, p. 87, and for an English translation, ibid., pp. 478-9); (continued)

Notes relating to Einiawn Offeiriad, his son Thomas, and his grandson Hopkin ap Thomas, attributing to Thomas 'Llyfr y Greal' and 'Llyfr y Mebinogi', and to Hopkin 'Marwnad D[afydd ap] G[wilym]' and 'Yr Yniales', etc. (96-7; see TLLM, tt. 9-14 and other references sub nominis in index thereto); genealogical miscellanea ? from 'Llyfr Llanganna' (103-05); genealogical data relating mainly to South Wales (107-21); a list of the names of one hundred and ten kings [of Britain] from the time of Brytys to the time of Cydwaladr (listed as No. 108) with Henry VII and Henry VIII added as Nos. 109-10 (122-4); a genealogy tracing the descent of Henry VIII from Adam (125-6); references to the poets Gwynfardd Brycheiniog and Madawc ap Gwallter and an anecdote relating to the seizure of Taliesin Ben Beirdd by Irish pirates, his escape, and his service at the courts of Urien Rheged, Gwyddno Garanhir, and King Arthur (131-3); an anecdote relating to an Irish raid on the coast of South Wales, the capture of Saint Patric from Bangor Dewdws, and the saint's subsequent conversion of the Irish, etc. (133); transcripts of a fifty-seven stanza free-metre poem entitled 'Cân i'r Ffanaticiaid' allegedly written by an Anglican clergyman ('offeiriad eglwysig', see stanza fifty-six) in the year 1629 (see stanza fifty-seven), the present copy said to be 'o Lyfr Joseph Jones, Hoeliwr o Gaerdyf', a forty-three stanza free-metre poem entitled 'Cân i'r Gau broffwydi' allegedly written by Morgan Siencin of the village of Tresigin [near Llantwit Major, co. Glamorgan] (see stanzas forty and forty-one) in 1643 (see stanza forty-two ), the present copy said to be from the same source as the preceding poem, and a 'cywydd' entitled 'Cywydd y ffanaticiaid' or 'Cywydd cwyn Eglwys Loeger a Sen i'r Ailfedyddwyr a'r Iddewon difedydd' allegedly written by Edward Dafydd of Margam circa 1645 (135-63; for the text of the third poem see Cymru, cyf. XXI, tt. 218-19, and Seren Gomer, 1902, tt. 169-72; these three poems deal with the Puritans in South Wales in the first half of the seventeenth century and for an analysis of their contents, etc., with the opinion that they are partly, if not entirely, the creation of Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', himself, see IM, tt. 254-63, and TLLM, t. 128; for the 'cywydd' see also Thomas Richards: Religious Developments in Wales, 1654-62, pp. 188-91); a transcript of a twelve-line 'Epitaph uppon ould Dotard Wroth' [? William Wroth, Puritan, cleric, 1576-1641], being a slightly variant version of the same poem to be found in NLW MS 13072B (Llanover B. 12), p. 155 (164); a transcript of two 'englynion' attributed to Jenkin Richards being a slightly variant version of the two 'englynion' on p. 155 of the aforesaid NLW MS 13072B (164); a transcript of four 'Englynion I Hopcin y Pengrwn bregethwr' attributed to Jenkin Richards these again being slightly variant versions of 'englynion' found on pp. 148 + 170 of NLW MS 13072B (165); a transcript of a series of eight unattributed 'englynion' headed '1648' (166); excerpts from, or transcripts of, poems by, or attributed to, Aneurin, Taliesin, Llywarch Hen, Myrddin, Dafydd Benwyn, Sim[wnt] Fychan, Tudur Aled, Elaeth, Philip Brydydd, Gruff. Grug, Prydydd Bychan Deheubarth, H[ywel] ab O[wain] Gwynedd, William Middleton, Gwalchmai, P[rydydd y] moch, Cyndd[elw], Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Mabwaith Hengrys o Ial, Ieuan ap Rhydderch ap Ieuan Llwyd 'o Enau'r Glynn yn Sir Aberteifi', Dafydd y Coed, Edward Dafydd, Dafydd Llwyd Mathew, Gwilym Tew, Dafydd Ddu, Wiliam Egwag (sic), Y Cwtta Cyfarwydd, Iolo Goch, and Rhys Nanmor, extracts from 'Englynion y Beddau' [ from the Black Book of Carmarthen], etc., ? to exemplify poetic metres or metrical patterns (167-220); four lists containing names of persons or names or locations of property and headed 'Depopulation St. Athan', 'Houses at present in St. [Athan] Parish', 'Flimston in ruins', and 'Houses at Present [? in Flimston]', and comments on depopulation in the Boverton and Lantwit area [co. Glamorgan] (233-8); transcripts of free-metre unattributed Welsh verse including traditional 'hen benillion', and of two unattributed 'englynion' (241-54); a note on Twm Bach or Thos. Pritchard of Coyty [co. Glamorgan], 'the Orpheus of his age', ob. 1597, with a transcript of an 'englyn' to him allegedly written jointly by Hugh Griffith and Rhys Cain (255); (continued)

A list of the twenty-four Welsh strict poetical metres with English equivalents of the Welsh names (256); a collection of free-metre verse under the general designation 'Pennillion Sathredig Ym Morganwg', a few of the stanzas being attributed to Edward Matthew of Llangrallo [co. Glamorgan], grandfather of Edward Williams (see IM, tt. 87-8), 'Dau lengcyn o Ystrad Dyfodwg', Wm. o'r Ydwal, Llywelyn ab Ifan, and Siencyn Lygad Rhawlin (257-306; included are stanzas on p.293 subsequently associated with the name of Wil Hopcin for which see TLLM, tt. 251-9); transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Dafydd Nicolas, Edward Evan, Dafydd Thomas, Lewys Hopkin, Thos. Williams 'o Bont y Ty Pridd', and Taliesin ab Iolo Morganwg, the one attributed to the last named being in English (317-20); notes relating to coal strata in certain locations in Glamorgan (321-2); extracts, etc., from the English Old and New Testament (331-5); miscellanea including a stanza of English verse by E[dward] W[illiams], a list of the titles of twelve English poems headed 'Pieces by E[dward] Wms. in a MS. which Anstey took', a brief list of Welsh proverbs, references to the death of Edmund Prys, Essex Chapel, and the London Unitarian Society, etc. (337-41); a copy of the inscription on the tomb of Lydia Phell, ob. 11699, in the Quakers' Yard near Newbridge, co. Glamorgan, with a description of the said Yard and a note on its connection with the Quakers (344, 354); lists of Welsh words and expressions (346, 351-2, 357, 359, 366, 383-6); a copy of an 'englyn' by [ Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (347); transcripts of free-metre stanzas attributed to Rhys Hywel Lewys 'o'r Faenor' and 'englynion' attributed to Edward Evan alias Iorwerth ap loan (348-9, 351); a copy of a declaration dated at Carmarthen, August 1801, in which the persons who had subscribed (fifteen signatures including that of [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' are reproduced) declared their intention of forming a religious society to be known as 'Cymdeithas Undodiaid Gristnogol Deheubarth Cymru (The South Wales Christian Unitarian Society)' (350); extracts from the Bristol Mercury, August 1816, re the death of Jane Miles of Swansea aged 106 and the fall of an aerolite near Glastonbury (354); three stanzas of English verse copied from 'Moore's Sacred Melodies' (356); a transcript of a stanza of Welsh verse attributed to Thos. Dafydd Meils, Dyffryn Aberdar, a brief extract from [George] Crabbe's poem '[The] Borough', a copy of the title-page of J[eremiah] Joyce: The Subserviency of Free Enquiry . . . (1816), a list headed 'Errata in Salmau I.M.', an extract from Baldwin's Journal, December 1806, etc. (360-63); extracts on poetry from 'Joyce and Carpenter's Systematic Education, vol. I', and brief notes headed 'Welsh Literary Dialect and Style' (367-8); sketches of, and brief notes relating to, an inscribed stone on Margam mountain and another in the tower of Llanelldeyrn chapel [co. Glamorgan] (369-71); brief notes relating to the traditional boundaries of Morgannwg and Gwent (371-2); a historical note relating to the orthography of the Welsh language (373); notes stressing the importance of preserving the orthography of ancient manuscripts and printed books when reproducing them 'in written transcripts or in printed copies' and deprecating William Owen [Pughe]'s orthographical innovations ( 374-5); notes referring to the 'MS. Tract' relating to the regulations for musicians associated with the 'Glyn Achlach musical sessions' circa 11098, the possible Italian influence on the music of the time of Gruffudd ap Cynan, and the place of the harp and 'crwth' in Welsh musical and bardic tradition, with adverse comments on the ideas of 'Humstrum Ned' [? Edward Jones, 'Bardd y Brenin'], etc. (377-811); notes criticising the theories that the Druids had inhabited caves or underground dens (382); a list of sayings headed 'Welsh proverbial Piety Glam.' (402); extracts from the parish register of the parish of Lanmaes [co. Glamorgan], late 16th-18th cent. (407-22); a list headed 'Enwau Rhai a fuant fyw yn hen iawn ym Morganwg' containing the names of, or copies of memorial inscriptions to, persons in Glamorgan who, from the period of the saints to the nineteenth century, had lived to be octogenarians, nonagenarians, or centenarians ( 425-31; a few items added by Taliesin Williams); an anecdote relating to an old man from Glamorgan whose mare had been stolen by [Oliver] Cromwell's soldiers (434 this appears to be in the hand of Taliesin Williams); further examples of, or notes relating to, instances of longevity in Glamorgan (435-9); two brief lists headed 'Dynion hynod am rym Corph ym Morganwg' (two items added in the hand of Taliesin Williams) and 'Hynod am ysmalhewch'’ (440); a list of ? Glamorgan bards, 15th-18th cent. (441 + 444 ); extracts from Brown Willis: Survey of the Cathedral Church of Landaff relating to Dubricius, bishop of Landaff, ob. 522, Herewald, bishop of Landaff, ob. 1113, and Edward Davies, rector of St. Brides, ob. 1672, all three being examples of longevity (445-6); a copy of a Latin memorial inscription to the Reverend Edward Pritchard, rector of the parish of Flimston [co. Glamorgan], ob. 1742, in the parish church, with notes and anecdotes relating to him (447-50; see IM, tt. 97-8); and further notes relating to, and names of, nonagenarians and centenarians ? all of Glamorgan (451-4, 465-71; one additional note m the hand of Taliesin Williams).

'Iolo Morganwg' and Taliesin Williams.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers and booklets or note-books containing notes, lists, transcripts, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents include, pagination in brackets, a list of one hundred and sixty-one items headed 'Welsh MSS. in the Possession of E[dward] Williams ['Iolo Morganwg']. Transcripts' (1-13); a list of thirty-one items headed 'Hen Ysgriflyfrau' being apparently manuscript volumes in the aforementioned Edward Williams’'s possession (15-16; many of these items can be identified amongst the Llanover manuscripts now being described); a list of titles of ? 'cywyddau' with numbers, poets' names, and page references headed 'MS. at Revd. Mr. Peter Williams', etc. (17-19); a list of the titles and / or first lines of forty-four 'cywyddau' and 'awdlau' under the name H[ywel ap] D[afydd ap] I[euan ap] Rhys and of two 'awdlau' under the name Gwilym Tew with page references, these corresponding to the pagination of transcripts of poems with the same titles or first lines by these poets (excepting one by Bedo Brwynllys to the said Hywel Dafydd) in Cwrt Mawr MS 12 in the National Library of Wales (20-24); a list of the titles of ? 'cywyddau' with the poets' names or initials and page references headed 'D[afydd] Dd[u] Eryn Broad Folio' (25-6); a list of the titles of 'cywyddau' and 'awdlau' headed 'Long vol. folio Piser Hir' with the poets' names or initials and page references the latter corresponding to the pagination of transcripts of poems with the same titles by the said poets in the manuscript known as Y Piser Hir now NLW Deposited MS 55 (27-30); a brief note referring to 'A Book with D.T. containing a large collection of Gronwy Owain's Letters . . .', etc. (31); extracts from poems attributed to R[hys] G[och] Eryri, Gruff. ap Daf. ap Einion Lygliw, L[ewis] G[lyn] Cothi, Iolo Goch, and B[edo] Brwynllys, (41-4); (41-4); a sequence of entries consisting of titles of Welsh poems, mainly 'cywyddau', with or without the name of the poet, first lines of, or extracts from, such poems, attributions only of poems, brief data re a poem or a poet, brief comments relating to a poem such as 'good, to be copied', 'to be copied, important', often without the name of the poem or poet, etc., these entries being accompanied by page references and these obviously referring to the pagination of the Welsh Charity School MS which is now British Museum Add. MS 14866 (44-58); further extracts from, or references to, items in ? the Welsh Charity School MSS now in the British Museum including transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Wm. Cynwal, D. ab Edmund, and Tywysog Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (58-60, 69); a brief note relating to court officials in [medieval] Gwynedd, Pywys, and Deheubarth (71); an incomplete note re a linear measure called 'Mesur Llath Fleddyn' (72); a survey of Welsh bardism from the time of the Emperor Arthur to the seventeenth century attributed to Edward Dafydd referring to, inter alia, the measures taken by the Emperor Arthur to restore the bardic system, the 'eisteddfodau' of Gruffudd ab Cynan, the 'eisteddfod' at Caerfyrddin in 1452 and the twenty- four strict-metre system adopted there, 'eisteddfodau' held at Yr Adur and Aberpergwm in the time of Iorwerth Fynglwyd and at Abertawy in the time of Lewys Morganwg, a volume on the allegedly truly traditional poetic metres compiled by Lewys Morganwg and volumes by Meuryg Dafydd and Dafydd Benwyn on the same theme, an 'eisteddfod' at 'Castell Caer Dydd' convened by Sir William Herbert where Llywelyn Siôn was chief adjudicator, the condemning of the Carmarthen system of strict metres and the authorising of an alternate, truer system [the Glamorgan system] at this 'eisteddfod', a volume by Llywelyn Siôn containing an account of this system, and the writer [i.e. Edward Dafydd]'s intention of publishing this account and other bardic material in a printed volume (73-82; see the foreword in Cyfrinach Beirdd Ynys Prydain attributed to the said Edward Dafydd, and for a comment on the whole matter see TLLM, t. 91); (continued)

Notes on Welsh poetic metres headed 'Llyma son am y mesurau Cerdd Dafawd ag fal au gwellhawyd o amser i amser ag o beth i beth ag o farn i farn' (82-8); an incomplete ? draft of an undated letter from . . . to . . . containing observations on a book (? in two parts or volumes entitled 'Oes Ymbwyll' and 'Oes y Pwyll') by recipient concerning revealed religion (89-104); a list of words, phrases, etc., headed 'Allusions to Coelbren y Beirdd in D.G. and to other arts and sciences' with page references to the said allusions [these, by inference, being extracted from the collection of Dafydd ap Gwilym's poems published by Owen Jones and William Owen in 1789 under the title Barddoniaeth Dafydd ab Gwilym] (105-07); miscellaneous notes relating to bardic matters such as the nature or attributes of 'cerdd gadair', 'cerdd arwest', 'cerdd dant', 'arwyddfardd', and 'cerdd deuluaidd' (113-25); notes relating to the contribution of Talhaiarn Fardd, Ystudfach Fardd, Ceraint Fardd Glas, Taliesin Ben Beirdd, Rhys Goch ap Rhiccart, Casnodyn Fardd, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Ieuan fawr ap y diwlith, and Llesoed Fardd to the Welsh metric system (126-17); copies of memorial inscriptions including seventeenth century inscriptions relating to members of the Powell family in the churchyard at Llangynwyd [co. Glamorgan] (128); brief notes referring to the expressions 'Hu ynys' and 'Gwyr Hu', and to Hu Gadarn and early mythological bards of Britain (133); notes relating to 'cynghanedd unodl', 'cynghanedd gytsain', and 'corfannau' (138-9); transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Rhisiart Iorwerth, Rhys Meigen, and Wm. Llyn (140 ); a brief note relating to a poetic metre known as 'toddaid Taliesin' with transcripts of two Latin stanzas in 'englyn' form attributed to D.N. and ? Samuel Jones 'o Fryn Llywarch' (141-2); notes relating to the decline of knowledge concerning the old Welsh bardic order in Gwynedd in the late middle ages, literary patronage in Morgannwg during the post Norman conquest period, poetic composition ? in relation to the 'pedair ansawdd ar hugain Cadair Morganwg', and 'Y Bardd Glas Ceraint' (143-7); an extract from a 'cywydd' attributed to Rhys Goch Eryri, a note on the words 'clws' and 'tlws' and the use of the first for the second with a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Hugh Jones 'o Langwm' to illustrate this usage, and three Welsh triads (148-51); lists or groups of Welsh words sometimes with English definitions and / or illustrative excerpts from Welsh verse (152-3, 155, 164, 172-3, 200, 203, 210, 335, 337, 341, 343-6, 348, 350, 353-4 356, 360); a number of 'Quotations in exemplifications of the sense or meaning of [specific Welsh] words' (165, 168-9); a list of eleven questions, ?forming a questionnaire, relating to the Welsh language, its major dialects, local words and idioms, the possible possession of ? old Welsh manuscripts ('hen ysgrifeniadau') by the person questioned or acquaintances, etc. (174-5); brief notes relating to Siôn Rhydderch and Lewis Morris (179); transcripts of stanzas of Welsh verse attributed to Gwalchmai and Elidir Sais (189-92); notes headed 'Silurian Contractions' (197); a group of Welsh words illustrating the use of de- in Sil[urian] where dy- would be used in N[orth] W[ales] as the first syllable (198); a note on the two sounds of the symbol Y in the Welsh alphabet (199); a list of kings of the British, 481-683, and of Plantagenet and Yorkist kings of England, 1307-1483 (201); notes deriving the Latin word bellum from a Celtic word bel signifying war and referring to the cognate element -fel in Welsh words (204 + 209); a list of the kings of England, 1272-1558 (212 ); an incomplete author index to Sion Rhydderch's edition of [Thomas Jones :] Llyfr Carolau [a Dyriau Duwiol], 1745 (249); brief notes, sometimes merely dates, relating to Rowland Vaughan 'o Gaer Gai', Richard Huws, Wmffre Dafydd ab Ifan, Syr Lewys ab Hugh 'o Fochnant', Edmund Prys, Huw Morys, and Rhys Pritchard (250-5I); an extract from the Gentleman's Magazine, 1809, relating to the Mears family (253-4); (continued)

Comments reflecting the writer's attitude towards the ? introduction of an artificial regularity into the Welsh language (257-9); a very brief note on Ty Newydd, Y Fotffordd [Watford, co. Glamorgan], [Nonconformist] meeting house, and an anecdote relating to Sir Wm. Lewys of Gilfach fargod and ? a conventicle being held in the parish of Gelli Gaer [co. Glamorgan], temp. Charles II or James II (274); dates of the deaths of David Jenkins of Hensol [co. Glamorgan], judge, and his son and grandson (278); miscellaneous extracts from, or references to, various printed works (279- 81); data relating to the Kemis family of Cefn Mabli, Llanblethian, and Newport [cos. Glamorgan and Monmouth] (291, 293-4, 298); notes headed 'Peculiarities of the Dimetian Dialect' (301-03); a brief note relating to incursions into the Isle of Man and Anglesey, A.D. 431, transcripts of stanzas of Welsh verse attributed to R[hys] Goch ab Rhiccert and Taliesin, copies of two versions of an 'englyn' by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg', two Welsh triads, a list of six 'Books at Wm. Morris, 1783', a list of four 'Reasons for supposing that the South Wales Poets imitated the Troubadours', etc. (317-21); a list of twenty-four topics or subject or chapter headings with the superscription 'Hints for a Tour in Wales' (322 + 327); data relating to Thomas ap Evan ap Rhys, 16th cent. poet (324-5, 323 ); a transcript of six stanzas of Welsh religious verse (328); a list of Welsh proverbial expressions, etc. (331, 358); a list of Welsh expressions incorporating the name of God headed 'Traces of Ancient Welsh Piety' (333); and a four-line stanza of Welsh verse by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (359). Pp. 213-48, which formerly formed a separate booklet, contain miscellaneous notes, extracts, memoranda, etc., including extracts from Welsh poems attributed to Robin Ddu, Cynddelw, Pryd[ydd] y Moch, Hywel ap Iolyn, W[illia]m Cynwal, Ed[mwnd] Prys, Daf. Goch, Inco Brydydd, Rhys Nanmor, Math. ap Lln. Goch, Ieuan Du'r Bilwg, Gruff. ab Mared., Siôn Ceri, L[ewis] G[lyn] Cothi, Lln. Fardd, Iolo Goch, Gruff. Grug, and R[hys] G[och] Eryri; comments on the need for a better grammar of the Welsh language which, inter alia, would pay attention to 'dialectical peculiarities'; a list of seven topics or subject or chapter headings for 'Historical Dissertations on the Ancient British Bards and Druids, etc.'; chronological computations concerning the possibility of a certain Dafydd Jones, a native of Cardigan, having seen, circa 1530 or 1540, an elderly woman who remembered another elderly woman who had seen D[afydd] ab Gwilym; groups of, or notes on, Welsh words; etc. Notes in two instances have been written on the verso and margins of a printed circular announcing the printing of Edward Williams's two volumes of English poems entitled Poems Lyric and Pastoral (202 + 211) and of a printed copy of the resolutions of a meeting of gentlemen and woolgrowers of the county of Glamorgan held at Cowbridge, 16 April 1806, when it was resolved to establish a wool fair for the said county to be held at Cowbridge in July (unnumbered pages between p. 317 and p. 318 and p.319 and p. 320).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

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