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Llywarch Hen, 496?-646?
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'Barddoniaeth'

Cywyddau and englynion by Morus ap Rhisiart Morus, Robert Hughes ('o Geint bach'), Lewis Morrus, Evan Evans, William Wynn (Llangynhafal), Llywarch Hen, Mabclaf ap Llywarch, Elaeth, Sion Powel, and anonymous writers; a letter by Evan Evans; triads, pedigrees, and notes.

Barddoniaeth,

A composite volume containing transcripts by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') of Welsh verse in free and strict metres. P. i is inscribed 'Hen Awdlau, Caniadau, a Phennillion amrafaelion eu rhywieu er dangos amrywiold[eb] Mesurau a mydrau Cerdd Dafod Beirdd Cymru mewn oesoedd Amrafaelion a'r amrafaelion newydiadau . . . ym mhrydyddiaeth Beirdd Cymru o amser beugilydd. Cynnulliad o Hen Lyfrau Ysgrif amrafaelion gan Iolo Morganwg . . .', and this may refer to the contents of pp. 1-142 which include transcripts of poems by, or attributed to, Dafydd Llwyd Matthew, Wiliam Llyn, Bedo Brwynllys, Siôn Ceri, Wiliam Egwad, Gwilym ap Ieuan hen, Dafydd Nanmor, Sippyn Cyfeiliog, Elidir Sais, Dafydd o Lynn Nedd, Einiawn Offeiriad, Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleison, Dafydd ap Edmwnd, Richard Cynwal, Taliesin, Rhys Cain, Llawdden, Gwilym Tew, Dafydd Benwyn, Lewys Morganwg, Gutto'r Glynn, Siôn Mowddwy, Siôn Bradford, Rhys Nanmor, and Guttyn Owain. Pp. 143-55 (previously 1-13) contain a transcript of the first part (279 lines) of Aneurin's 'Gododdin'; pp. 159- 90 (previously 1-32), transcripts of fifteen 'cywyddau' (No. 15 incomplete) by, or attributed to, Dafydd ap Gwilym; pp. 199-206 (previously 1-8), transcripts of poems by, or attributed to, Gruff. ap Maredydd ap Dafydd; pp. 225-72, transcripts of, or extracts from, poems by, or attributed to, Dafydd ap Edmund, Llowdden, Siôn ap Dafydd ap . . ., Syr Lewys y defaid, Syr Lewys Anwyl, Robt. ab Ifan, Richd. Dafies, Esgob Dewi, Dafydd Nanmor, Tudur Aled, Wm. Cynwal, Siôn Brwynog, Harri ap Thomas ap Wiliam o'r ddiserth, ? Gruff. Hiraethog, Siôn Tudur, Syr Lewys Gethin, Lewis ab Edward, Dr. Morgan, Esgob Llanelwy, Alis ferch Gruff., Cadwgan ffol, Rhys Cain, Gutto'r Glynn, Iolo Goch, Llywelyn ab Gruffudd, Llywarch Hen, ?Siôn Dafydd Nanmor, Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleison, Hugh bach ab Hywel ab Shenkin, William Llyn, Edd. Llwyd, 'ceidwad y Museum yn Rhydychen', Gwalchmai, Lewis Powel, William Midelton, Bleddyn Fardd, Meil. ab Gwalch., and Pryd. Moch, and a transcript of a prose item ['Araith y gwr moel o Sythia']; and pp. 281-92, transcripts of poems [from the 'Book of Taliesin']. P. 297 is inscribed 'Caniadydd Morganwg sef Casgl o Hen Garolau, Caniadau, a Chwndidau. Rhif 11', and is followed on pp. 301-36 by transcripts of fourteen 'cwndidau' by, or attributed to, Thomas ab Ieuan ab Rhys and one 'cwndid' by, or attributed to, Thomas ap Ieuan Madog. P. 341 is inscribed 'Cwndidau a Chaniadau Rhys Brydydd o Lyfr R. Bradford', and is followed on pp. 343-59 by transcripts of three poems (two 'cwndidau') by, or attributed to, the said poet. Intermingled with the poems are notes or anecdotes relating to the following poets and 'eisteddfodau' - pp. iv, 79, and 121, Gwilym Tew and 'eisteddfodau' at the monastery of Pen Rys in Glyn Rhondde and Caerfyrddin; vii, Lewis Glynn Cothi and Tudur Penllyn; 50, Einion Offeiriad; 60, Dafydd ap Edmwnd and an 'eisteddfod' at Caerfyrddin; 100 and 104-05, Lewys Morganwg and 'Eisteddfod y Penrhyn yn Arfon'; 109 and 235, Gutto'r Glynn; 114, Siôn Mowddwy; 235-6, Iolo Goch; 237, Llywarch Hen; 265, Tudur Aled; and 342, Meredydd Philip (alias Bedo Philip Bach), his brothers Thomas and William, and his nephew Hopcin Thomas Philip, William Dafydd, and Morgan Pywel. Pp. 115-18 contain transcripts of notes on the use of double rhyme ('cyfochri') in some Welsh strict poetic metres and on the vaticinatory element in Welsh verse. These notes are attributed to Siôn Bradford. Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') has inserted comments on some of the poems in the volume.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Barddoniaeth,

A transcript by Ioan Pedr and others of NLW MSS 1246-1247D, which contain transcripts by Rhys Jones ('o'r Blaenau') of 'cywyddau' and other poetry by Wiliam Llŷn, Rhys Goch Glyndyfrdwy, Tudur Aled, Edward Mor[y]s, Gruffudd Hiraethog, Gruffudd ab Ieuan ap Llywelyn Fychan, Gruffudd Gr[y]g, Dafydd ab Edmwnd, Lewis Daron, Lewis Menai, Siôn Tudur, Goronwy Owen, Sion Dafydd Las [John Davies], Thomas Prys, Huw Mor[y]s, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Dafydd Nanmor, Morys Dwyfech [Morus ap Dafydd ab Ifan ab Einion], Rhys Cain, Bedo Brwynllys, Bedo Aeddren, Ieuan Deulwyn, Gruffudd Llwyd ap Dafydd ab Einion [Llygliw], Edwart Urien, Siôn Cain, Ieuan Dew Brydydd, Lewis Glyn Cothi, Lewis Trefnant, Maredudd ap Rhys, Tudur Penllyn, Ieuan ap Hywel Swrdwal, Llawdden, Owain Gwynedd, Sion Ceri, Syr Ifan [o Garno], Robin Ddu, Hywel [ap] Rheinallt, Gutun Owain, Guto'r Glyn, Huw Arwystli, Dafydd Ddu Hiraddug, Ieuan ap Tudur Penllyn, Iolo Goch, Siôn Cent, Ieuan Brydydd Hir [Hynaf], Huw Llwyd Cynfal, Gruffudd Llwyd ab Ieuan, Richard Cynwal, Huw Machno, Robert Dyfi, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Syr Rhys o Garno, Hywel ap Dafydd ab Ieuan ap Rhys, Richard Phylip, Evan Evans ('Ieuan Brydydd Hir' ['Ieuan Fardd']), Ieuan Du'r Bilwg, Aneirin Gwawdrydd, Taliesin, Morys ab Ieuan ab Einion, Deio ab Ieuan Du, Rhys Pennardd, Meil[y]r Brydydd, Cynddelw [Brydydd Mawr], Thomas Jones (Tregaron), Wiliam Cynwal, Llywarch Hen, Bedo Hafes[b], Huw Pennant, Edward Richard (Ystradmeurig) and David Richards ('Dafydd Ionawr').

Ioan Pedr and others.

Barddoniaeth,

Transcripts, mainly by Rhys Jones o'r Blaenau, editor of Gorchestion Beirdd Cymru (Amwythig, 1773), of 'cywyddau' and other poetry by William Llŷn, Rhys Goch Glyndyfrdwy, Tudur Aled, Edward Morus [Perthi-llwydion], Gruffudd Hiraethog, Gruffudd ab Ieuan ap Llywelyn Fychan, Gruffudd Gr[y]g, Dafydd ab Edmwnd, Lewis Daron, Lewis Menai, Sion Tudur, Goronwy Owen, Sion Dafydd Lâs, Thomas Prys, Huw Mor[y]s, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Dafydd Nanmor, Mor[u]s Dwyfech [Morus ap Dafydd ab Ifan ab Einion], Rhys Cain, Bedo Brwynllys, Bedo Aeddren, Ieuan Deulwyn, Gruffudd Llwyd ap Dafydd ab Einion, Edwart Urien, Sion Cain, Ieuan Dew Brydydd, Lewis Glyn Cothi, Lewis Trefnant, Maredudd ap Rhys, Tudur Penllyn, Ieuan ap Hywel Swrdwal, Llawdden, Owain Gwynedd, Sion Ceri, Syr Ifan [o Garno], Robin Ddu, Hywel [ap] Rheinallt, Gutun Owain, Guto'r Glyn, Huw Arwystli, Dafydd Ddu Hiraddug [Dafydd Ddu Athro], Ieuan ap Tudur Penllyn, Iolo Goch, Sion Cent, Ieuan Brydydd Hir [Hynaf], Huw Llwyd Cynfal, Gruffudd Llwyd ab Ieuan, Richard Cynwal, Huw Machno, Robert Dyfi, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Syr Rhys o Garno, Hywel ap Dafydd ab Ieuan ap Rhys, Richard Phylip, Evan Evans ('Ieuan Brydydd Hir'), Ieuan Du'r Bilwg, Aneirin Gwawdrydd, Taliesin, Morys ab Ieuan ab Einion, Deio ab Ieuan Du, Rhys Pennardd, Meil[y]r Brydydd, Cynddelw [Brydydd Mawr], Thomas Jones (Tregaron) ['Twm Sion Cati'], Wiliam Cynwal, Llywarch Hen, Bedo Hafesp, Huw Pennant, Edward Richard (Ystradmeurig) and David Richards ('Dafydd Ionawr').

Jones, Rhys, 1713-1801

Barddoniaeth,

A composite volume containing transcripts, in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'), of miscellaneous Welsh poems, being mainly strict-metre verse and including pp. 11-37, poems by, or attributed to, Taliesin; 39-65, the 'Gododdin' of Aneurin; 67-163, poems by, or attributed to, Taliesin, Myrddin, Llywarch Hen, Gruffudd ap Maredydd ap Daf., Dafydd Benfras, Llewelyn Goch vap Meurig Hen, Madawg Dwygraig, Trahaearn Brydydd Mawr, Howel Ystoryn, Iolo Goch, Gronwy Ddu, Gwilym Ddu 'o Arfon', Thomas Llewelyn 'o rygoes', Morgan Powel 'o Lanhari', Llewelyn Siôn 'o Langewydd', Gronwy William, Syr Dafydd Llwyd Llewelyn, Ellis Ellis, D. ab Gwilym, Gruff. Gryg, D. ab Edmwnt, William Morris, William Elias, Hywel Dafydd ap Ieuan ap Rhys, Thomas Prys, Siôn Tudur, Gruff. ap Daf. ap Tudur, and Wm. Cynwal; 167-89, a collection of 'cywyddau' by, or attributed to, Dafydd ap Gwilim; and 189-241, poems by, or attributed to, Morgan ap Hugh Lewis, ? Rhys Goch 'o glyn-ceiriog', Bedo Aurddrem, Gr. ap In. ap Lln. Fychan, Syr Dafydd Owain, Madog Benfras, In. ap Gruff. Leiaf, Huw Arwystli, Lewis Menai, Syr Clement, Rhys Goch 'o'r yri', Lewis Glyn Cothi, Gruff. Llwyd ap Han, ?Gruff. Llwyd ab Dafydd ab Einion Lygliw, and Lewys Morganwg, and further poems by, or attributed to, Aneurin, Taliesin, Siôn Tudur, Iolo Goch, Gruffydd Grug, Dafydd ap Edmond, and Dafydd ap Gwilym. Pp. 165-6 contain a list of two hundred and forty-six 'cywyddau' attributed to D[afydd ap] G[wilym]. For poems in this volume attributed to Dafydd ap Gwilym but probably written by Edward Williams, and for couplets or sections of poems probably written by Edward Williams and inserted in, or added to, poems by Dafydd ap Gwilym see the relevant sections of IMCY.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Barddoniaeth,

An imperfect manuscript consisting of thirty folios of uniform size and two smaller leaves, with the two halves of ? the lower cover of an early nineteenth century periodical or part publication, which at one time seems to have served as a protective covering, bound in at the beginning. A considerable part of the original manuscript appears to have been lost as the volume was described by the Reverend John Williams ('Ab Ithel'), circa 1856, as containing 'about 100 pages' (see L. James: Hopkiniaid Morganwg . . . (Bangor, 1909), p. 91). The former protective cover bears the inscription 'Llyfr Llanfihangel Iorwerth. Cywyddau amrafaelion. Siôn Cent hyd Dafydd Hopcin o'r Coetty. Englynion Eiry Mynydd, &c.', in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'), and the contents consist of transcripts of Welsh verse mainly in strict metre. Dafydd Hopkin of Coety, co. Glamorgan is sometimes named as the copyist (see L. James: op. cit., p. 91; TLLM, tt. 229, 267; and IMCY, t. 139). The poems include 'cywyddau' and 'englynion' by Thomas Prys, Ieuan Tew Brydydd, Dafydd Hopkin (1734), Ieuan Brechfa, Lewis Morganwg, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Rys Dynfwal (sic), Rhys ab Morys, ?Mredydd ap Rees, Swrdwal Hen, Huw Dafydd Probert, Siôn Tudur, Owain Gwynedd, Gwilim ap Ieuan Hen, Dafydd ap Edmwnt, Daio Lliwiell, Ieuan Tew Brydydd Ifangc, Huw Lewis, Gruffydd ab Ifan ab Llewelyn Fychan, Wiliam Cynwal, Morus ab Hywel ab Tudur, Siôn Cent, Hywel ab D'd ab Ieuan ab Rhys, Llywelyn Goch, Gruffydd Dafydd Fychan, Ieuan ab Hywel Swrdwal, Bleddyn Fardd, and Dafydd Llwyd Fach, a series of pseudo- gnomic poems with each stanza commencing with the words 'Eira mynydd' some of which are attributed to Llywarch Hen and Mabclaf ab Llywarch, and poems attributed to Taliesin and Aneurin. There are marginal notes by Edward Williams and his son Taliesin Williams.

Hopkin, Dafydd, fl. early 18 cent.

Letters, vol. I,

A volume made up of correspondence, poetry, printed items, etc. The letters, about one hundred and six in number, 1786-1806, are addressed (except where otherwise stated) to William Owen [-Pughe], and the correspondents, in alphabetical order, are the following: p. 505, Mary Belk, French Gate, Doncaster, 1805 (1, to Mrs. Owen) (mention of visions of Mrs. Southcott, etc.); p. 443, Edward Charles ['Siamas Wynedd'], London, n.d. (1) (he wishes to subscribe to the dictionary, a series of twelve 'englynion' ('Molawd y llyfr')); p. 471, Wm. Cunnington, Heytesbury, 1806 ( 1) (an account of Marden or Merden between Devizes and Everly [sic]); p. 278, J[ohn] Daniel, [Carmarthen, 1793] (1) (a note re copies ordered of the dictionary); pp. 239, 241, 245, Edwd. Davies, Sodbury, 1792 (2, and 'Scheme of an Essay on the History of the Bards') (sending a paraphrase of Taliesin's elegy on the death of Owain son of Urien prince of Reged); p. 470, Hugh Davies, Beaumares, 1806 (1) (mention of the abridgement of the addressee's great work, he has nearly completed the trifle containing the account of the British names of plants, a gout prescription); pp. 219, 273, 291, 501, Walter Davies, 'Gwallter Mechain', All Souls Col[lege], Oxford, and Myfod,1793-1805 and undated (4, one to Owen Jones) (the addressee's dictionary, the Cylchgrawn, re the return of Owen Jones's books, the writer's work in connection with the S.P.C.K. Welsh Bible, he is setting off for South Wales owing to Iolo [Morganwg]'s strange conduct); p. 163, G[eorge] Ellis, London, [1803] (1) (mention of Walter Scott, the Mabinogion, Leyden's opinion); p. 155, W[illiam] Gunn, Irstead, Norwich, 1803 (1) (the illness of his eldest daughter, requesting further assistance in identifying the British cities of Nennius, the 'Vindication of the Celts' by the addressee's friend); pp. 483, 488, 491, Richd. Hoare, [1805] (2, and a list of persons and places mentioned in the Hirlas poem) (various queries re Giraldus); pp. 281, 379, John Jones, curate of Llangadfan, Llangadfan, 1790 and [1793] (2) (the specimen of the addressee's dictionary, a request concerning a near relation (a girl) who is anxious to come to London); pp. 255, 263, 288 ('englynion'), 381, 439, Thomas Jones, Colommendy, Corwen, Llanrhaiadr in Mochant [sic], and Excise Office, Bristol, 1789-1795 (4, two to Edward Jones ['Bardd y Brenin']) (sending 'penillion' (enclosure wanting), the Bala Eisteddfod (1789), the St. Asaph Eisteddfod (1790), the addressee's proposed dictionary, chance and not choice has brought him to Bristol for two years, mention of John Evans, the Penmorfa Eisteddfod (1795), a young Quaker in Bristol (unnamed), the writer's health); pp. 267, 282, 289, 301, 303, 311, 339, 343, 367, 371, 373, 377, (?)387, 415, Will[iam] Jones, 'Cadfan' or 'Gwilym Cadfan', Llangadfan, 1789-1794 (13 and an address) (words for the dictionary, emigration, autobiographical details, an address 'To all indigenous Cam- brobritons', mention of Ezeckiel Hughes, etc.); p. 345, John Lloyd [Holywell postmark, 1790] (1) (hints concerning the specimen of the addressee's dictionary, subscribers' names); pp. 495, 497, Tho[mas] Lloyd, North Walsham, 1805 (2) (requesting translations of passages (specified) in the 'Wisdom of the Cymri [sic]', Iolo Morgannwg [sic] and the History of the Bards, the Welsh Archaiology); p. 385, Thomas Owans, New Inn, Llanrwst, 1791 (1, to Owen Jones) (a letter to the Gwyneddigion in London mentioning the Llanrwst Eisteddfod and hoping they will be no less assiduous in caring for the work of the old poets, reference to the manuscripts of Dafydd Sion, 'Dewi Fardd', at Trefriw, and to a manuscript of Welsh poetry belonging to Thomas Holland of Manchester, son of John Holland of Te[i]rdan in the parish of Llan-Elian yn rhos, co. Denbigh, his own circumstances); p. 159, Jane Owen, Nassau, New Providence, 1801 (1) ( her plight following the death of John Owen, with a cutting headed 'The Bahama Gazette', 16 Oct. 1801); pp. 285, 295, Richard Powel, 'Y Bardd Glas o'r Gader', Yspytty Ifan, 1793-1794 (2, one to [Thomas Jones, Llanrhaiadr y Mochnant]) (he has not yet received the medal, items of poetry addressed to Thomas Jones, William Owen [-Pughe], and [David Thomas] 'D. Ddu o Eryri '); pp. 277, 307, Morg[a]n J[ohn] Rhees, Carmarthen and Philadelphia, 1793 and 1796 (2 and a printed prospectus of the Cambrian Company); (continued)

pp. 349, 353, 403, 461, W[illiam] Richards, Lynn, 1790-1803 (4) (the addressee's proposed dictionary, the Welsh Indians, how he relinquished his design of compiling a small Welsh dictionary for the use of Gwŷr Dyfed chiefly, mention of three bungling Welsh dictionaries now set on foot); p. 271, Evan Richardson [i.e. Evan Pritchard], 'Ieuan ab Risiart alias Ieuan Llyn', Bryncroes, [17]93 (1) (wishing to know the price of the addressee's dictionary, whether to come to London); pp. 465, 467, 479, Griffith Roberts Senior, Surgeon &c., Dolgelley, 1804 (3) (intelligence that his son Jhon [sic] Roberts is dead, the writer's MSS); pp. 447, 449, D[avid] Samwell, 'D. Feddyg Du', [1797] (2) (the printed proclamation [of the (1798) Caerwys Eisteddfod]); pp. 249, 275, 313, 318, 319, 321, 325, 329, 333, 335, 357, 389, 393, 397, 419, 423, 427, 431, 435, 455, 457, David ( Dafydd) Thomas, 'Dafydd Ddu Eryri', writing from Waunfawr, Llanddeiniolen, Bettws Garmon, Caernarfon, Llanystumdwy, Plas Gwyn, Llanfair Bettws Geraint, and Amlwch, 1786-1798 (21) (literary matters, etc., including the intention of the writer and others to form a society called 'Eryron' (Snowdonians), Barddoniaeth Dafydd ab Guilym, draft proposals for printing 'A Guide to the British Language' by H. & D. Thomas, a draft title-page, etc., for 'Awdlau ar destynau Cymdeithas y Gwyneddigion i'r Eisteddfodau B. A. 1789, 1790, 1791 . . . gan Dafydd Ddu o'r Eryri', and items of poetry); p. 509, G[eorge] Thomson, Edinburgh, 1805 (1) (to Thomas Johnes, see NLW MS 13223C, p. 257) (a request for original Welsh airs, to be harmonized by Haydn); p. 399, John Walters, Cowbridge, 1790 (1) (re the specimen of the addressee's dictionary); and pp. 11, 25, 29, 33, 37, 41, 49, 53, 55, 59, 63, 67, 71, 75, 79, 83, 87, 91, 95, 99, 103, 107, 111, 115, 119, 123, 127, 131, 135, 139, 143, 147, 151, Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', writing mainly from Flimston but also from London, Llanrwst, Hafod Uchtryd, Cowbridge, and Gileston, 1788-1806 (33) (literary and personal matters). Some items of poetry are to be found in the letters (see under the names Edward Charles, Edward Davies, William Jones, Richard Powel, and David Thomas). At the beginning of the volume, pp. 3-10, 15-24, are a number of 'cywyddau' attributed to Dafydd ap Gwilym, with notes. These are in the autograph of Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', and they include the poems now known as 'Cywyddau'r Ychwanegiad'. Also in the volume are poetical compositions, some holograph, by Goronwy Owen (pp. 199-218, 451-3), and Lewis Morris, 'Llewelyn Ddu' (pp. 221-33), and instances of the work of the following poets: Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg' (pp. 43-5, ?523-4, holograph), William Philyp [sic] (pp. 170-1), William Wynn, Person Llan- Gynhafal (pp. 189-96), Edm[un]d Price, Archiagon Meirionydd (pp. 197-8), Ieuan ap Hywel Swrdwal or Ieuan ap Rhydderch ap Ieuan Llwyd (pp. 235-7), [David Thomas], 'D[afydd] Dd[u] Er[yri]' (pp. 253-4, holograph), D. Pugh (pp. 529- 30), Robert Davies, Nantglyn (pp. 535-8), Jo. Davies ['Siôn Dafydd Las'] (p. 548), and 'Owen ap loan', Caer-gybi (pp. 553-6) with anonymous pieces on pp. 517-8 and 561-8. Miscellaneous items include the following: pp. 173-84, a transcript in the autograph of Evan Evans, 'Ieuan Fardd' or 'Ieuan Brydydd Hir', of the 'Mirabilia' associated with the 'Historia Brittonum' and of c. 57-66 of the Historia (cf. NLW MS 7011D, pp. 202-12, and NLW MS 1982 (Panton 13), ff. 42 verso-58 recto); pp. 259-62, extracts from certain Wynn of Gwydir papers headed 'Instances of the custom of making presents to the Judges' (? in the autograph of Paul Panton, senior); pp. 407-14, a list, under headings, of Welsh physical and geographical features (? in the autograph of David Thomas, 'Dafydd Ddu Eryri'); pp. 475-6, a list of diocesan registrars, etc.; p. 520, a note concerning the medals to be awarded at the Gwyneddigion eisteddfod of 1790 with mention of those for 1791; pp. 545-6, notes concerning Dr. John Davies of Mallwyd; and pp. 549-50, a list of 'British names of Shells & Crustaceous fish' and 'Prif gaerae ynys Brydain gynt'. The printed items comprise: p. 1, 'Trial by Jury' . . . A Song, sung . . . Feb. 4, 1795 in celebration of the . . . trials . . . and . . . acquittals of Thomas Hardy, John Horne Tooke, and John Thelwall . . .' by Edward Williams ['Iolo Morganwg']; pp. 166-7, 514-5, 540-1, a broadsheet containing 'Dull ac amcanion Cymdeithas y Cymreigyddion' by E[dward] Charles, 1796, and 'Cerdd y Cymreigyddion' by J[ohn] Jones, Glan y Gors (three copies, the first endorsed 'Mr. Owen from T. Roberts'); pp. 361- 3, 'Ode for the New Year', 1790, attributed elsewhere to David Samwell; pp. 365, 519, an announcement concerning the Gwyneddigion eisteddfod to be held at Bala the following Michaelmas [1789] and the subjects for the ensuing year (two copies); p. 521, 'Plan of the Triangles made use of for obtaining the Geometrical Distance and Altitude of Snowdon and Moel Eilio with respect to the Sea at Carnarvon. Augt. 1775' extracted from Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Vol. LXVII, Tab. XVIII, p. 788; pp. 525-8, 'The Arabic Alphabet' with notes (two copies); and p. 533, an announcement of the forthcoming publication of Heroic Odes and Elegies of Llywarch Hen, with translation by William Owen. There are also a few loose papers.

Letters, vol. IV,

A volume made up of about one hundred and forty items of correspondence, etc. 1791-1806 and undated, addressed (except where otherwise stated) to William Owen [-Pughe]. The correspondents are the following: p. 83, Joseph Allen, Teacher of Mathematics, &c., Pembroke, 1792 (1) (queries); p. 453, Joseph Belk [London], 1806 (1) (requesting a favour); pp. 477, 481, 485, M. Belk, Doncaster, 1805 (3, two to Mrs. Owen) (personal matters, account of a dream); p. 469, Wm. Belk [? Doncaster], n.d. (1) (mention of Joanna [? Southcott], enclosing a copy of a letter, 1805, from James Brown, Newcastle upon Tyne, to Mr. Garratt, minister of Sions Chaple [sic], Lant Street, London, his son's behaviour); pp. 333, 369, 443, J. Britton, Bath, Chippenham, and [], 1800-1801 and 1804 (3) (mention of excursions, a request for reviews); pp. 383, 391, 415, 461, Thos Charles, Bala, [1800], 1806, and undated (4) (a query, an edition of the Welsh Bible); pp. 201, 225, 233, 301, 337, 359, 365, W[illiam] Coxe, Bemerton, etc., 1800-1803 and undated (7 (mention of proofs, the Vindication, etc.); p. 389, Rob. Davyz (Dafydd) [i.e. Robert Davies, 'Bardd Nantglyn'], Coviadur [Cymdeithas y Gwyneddigion], n.d. (1) (draft in the autograph of William Owen [-Pughe] of an address to Sharon Turner, 1803); pp. 91, 169, Edward Davies, Sodbury, 1793 and 1798 (2) ([The Heroic Elegies of] Llywarch Hen, apprehension lest a manuscript he sent should have been lost); pp. 179, 183, 297, 309, Hugh Davies (Rector of Aber), Beaumares [sic] and London, 1802-1803 (4) (the addressee's dictionary, Llyfyr y Resolution, etc.); pp. 79, 119, 124, 149, 153, 157, 173, 373, Walter Davies, 'Gwallter Mechain', Llanymynech and Myvod, etc., 1791-1799 and undated (8, one to Owen Jones) (mention of an essay for publication, the statistical account of Llanymyneich for the Cambrian Register, Whitaker's etymologies, the addressee's dictionary, the Report of North Wales, etc.); p. 447, T[homas] E[dwards] nant [i.e. 'Twm o'r Nant'], Dinbych, 1806 (1) (various anecdotes and tales); p. 127, Revd. Jn. Evans, Caira near Newport, 1794 (1, to E. and T. Williams, Booksellers, Strand, London) (an omission in the first part of Mr. Owen's dictionary); pp. 308, 317, Geo. Hardinge, n.d. (2) ([Edward] Davies and Mr. Henley, mention of the addressee's hints re the Celtic symbols); p. 107, M[aurice] Hughes, [printer], 1793 (1) (the controversy aroused by the addressee's plan to reform the Welsh language); p. 187, [Edward Jones, 'Bardd y Brenin', London], [1803] (1) (his recent severe illness, an invitation); p. 267, J[ohn] Jones, Ramoth near Tan-y-bwlch Inn, Merionethshire, 1803 (1) (enquiring about the dictionary); p. 421, O[wen] Jones, 1806 (1) (re the extracts from T. Wms.); pp. 195, 457, 507, 511, 515, The[ophilu]s Jones, Brecon, 1801-1806 and undated (5, three to William Owen and one each to Mr. Williams, Bookseller, Strand, and Owen Jones) (literary matters, etc.); p. 303, Thos. Jones, ['Y Bardd Cloff', London], 1802 (1) (sending an ode for the addressee's inspection (enclosure wanting)); p. 109, [William Jones] 'Cadfan', Llangadfan, 1793 (1) (concern for the fate of the addressee's dictionary, (?) reference to contemporary events, etc.); p. 113, Mr. LaTrobe [London], n.d. (1, to Mr. Samwell) (sending an extract from a letter concerning the Welsh Indians (enclosure wanting, but cf. I. A. Williams Collection, Letters to Iolo Morganwg, No. 320)); pp. 213, 385, 406, 423, Rich[ar]d Llwyd, Beaumaris, 1802-1806 and undated (4) (mention of old books [? manuscripts] at Brynddu near Amlwch, manuscripts at Hengwrt, etc.); p. 282, Messrs. Longman & Rees, [London], n.d. (1) (circular); pp. 427, 433, 494, 497, 501, 503, Robert Macfarlan, Hammersmith, 1804 (6 (observations for the addressee's opinion, requesting assistance in various matters); p. 425, Benj. He[ath] Malkin, n.d. (1) (an invitation to dinner, in a week's time he sets out for Glamorganshire); p. 361, William Moorcroft, [London], 1801 (1) (various queries); p. 165, bill from J. Newo [? Owen], (?)1797 (stationery, elegies); p. 259, Wm. [Owen, London], n.d. ( 1) to [ ] (a query concerning the Wendish language); p. 55, Th[omas] Pennant, Downing, 1789 (1) (he will be glad to receive the sequel of the addressee's enquiries, asking him to call on Mr. Sherwin, engraver, for a print of Mr. Pitt); p. 253, R. Phillips, [London, 1801] (1) (he has Mrs. Smith's permission to show him the MS); p. 135, Richard Powel, Yspytty, 1795 (1) (acknowledging a gift of the first part of the addressee's dictionary, opposition in various parts of North Wales to an Act to raise men for the Navy, various questions, the first part of a 'cywydd' entitled 'Cwymp Dyn a'i Adferiad' by 'Y Bardd Glâs o'r Gadair'); (continued)

p. 59, Siôn Wiliam [Prisiart], Plas-y-Brain, 1790 (1) (mention of a storm, the Dictionary, and D[afydd] Ddu, etc.); p. 203, E[dward] Pugh, [London], n.d. (1) (re sittings [? for a portrait]); W. O. Pughe, see under Owen, Wm.; p. 275, A[braham?] Raimbach, [London], 1803 (1) (Mr. Landseer and he will take tea with the addressee the following Tuesday evening); p. 431, O[wen] Rees, [London], n.d. (1) (introducing Mr. Malkin); p. 131, M. J. Rhees, Ponty Pool, 1794 (1) (he is obliged to give up the Welsh Magazine, subscribers to the addressee's dictionary, his intention to be at Carmarthen to print a collection of hymns for public worship, mention of the affair of Madam Bevan, re sailing to America); pp. 375, 379, W[illiam] Richards [of Lynn], Menaian Vawr, near Cardigan, and Lincoln, 1800 and 1804 (2) (an extract from a letter from Dr. Jones of Lower Dublin in Pensylvania [sic] referring to the death of John Evans, mention of his own little dictionary and of writing Welsh essays under different names such as 'Papuryn Achlysurol', etc., reference to a pirated edition (of a dictionary) now printed at Caermarthen); pp. 177, 199, 212, 218, 222, 230, 237, 244, 248, 292, 323, 328, 332, 340, 407, 438, 490, Gr[iffith] Roberts, senior, Dolgelley, surgeon, 1802-1804 (17, one undated) (his MSS, his son, John Roberts, a request for ear syringes, mention of old people dying of a kind of strange fever); pp. 343, 355, J[ohn] Roberts, Stadhampton near Dorchester, 1800-1801 (2) (mention of an edition of the Welsh Bible, a point relative to the late editions of the Common Prayer Book, he has taken the necessary steps to procure the loan of the Llyfr Coch); p. 191, 'Coffhâd am y Parchedig Goronwy Owain y Bardd', [poetry] by [John Roberts] 'S[iôn] Lleyn', beginning 'Eheded Awenydd hoywdeg-rheded . . . '; p. 441, Thos. Roberts, Llwynrhudol, [London], 1805 (1) (an invitation); p. 271, S. Rousseau, n.d. (1) (the addressee's pamphlet); p. 279, C. Smith, Strand, 1803 (1) (requesting him to look over a map); p. 463, C. Taylor, ?1805 (1, to the Revd. Mr. [Thomas] Charles) (re a map of the world); pp. 43, 51, 67, 71, 75, 87, 95, 143, D[avid] or Dafydd Thomas, 'D[afydd] Ddu [Eryri]', writing from Llanddeniolen, Bettws St. Garmon, Waunfawr, Llanystumdwy, and Amlwch, 1788-1795 (8, one to Owen Jones) (Y Sillafydd, mention of Capt. Harri Williams of Dolgelley, the dictionary, Tomas o'r Nant, 'eisteddfodau', Mr. D. Ellis, the school at Llanystumdwy, the death at Plas hen of Ifan Llwyd Fychan, esq., (Corsygedol), 'Ymddiddan Bleddyn fin Pladur a Thudur Glustfain', etc.); p. 145, J. Thomas, Welsh School, 1795 (1) (a request for a catalogue of the Welsh books and manuscripts belonging to the Charity); p. 351, D. Thurson, Oldcastle, Lampeter, 1801 (1) (requesting help for Mr. Moorcroft in connection with his researches); p. 283, Col. Toone [Epsom, Surrey], n.d. (1) (a request concerning the education of the writer's eldest son); p. 249, Joshua Toulmin, Taunton, [? 1800] (I, to R. Phillips, Bookseller, No. 71 St. Paul's Church Yard [London]) (an extract from a letter of the Revd. Harry Toulmin of Kentucky concerning the Welch [ sic] Indians for the Monthly Magazine); p. 231, Sh[aro]n Turner, [? London ], n.d. (1) (sending the Vindication); p. 319, T. R. Underwood, n.d. (1) (re tickets, (?) an invitation from Mr. Tobin to the addressee and Bard Williams to tea and to meet Mr. Southey); p. 47, Wm. Warrington, Shenley near Barnet, 1788 (1) (re maps); pp. 1, 5, 7, 11, 15, 19, 23, 27, 31, 35, 39, Edwd. Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', Bath, Flimston, and St. Mary Hill, 1791-1806 (11) (information for Dr. [John] Williams, his intended expedition to America, various requests, mention of a manuscript of Brut y Brenhinoedd, a projected work, answering a letter in which it was suggested that he 'took away the books in a fit of passion', a copy of a letter from Owen Jones, etc.); p. 347, Hen: Williams (Crickhowell) writing from London, 1801 (1) (he is unable to call, will subscribe to the addressee's next Welsh productions); p. 63, J[ohn] Williams, Sydenham, 1791 (1) (re arrangements to meet Mr. Drummond and the addressee); p. 115, John Williams, Llanrwst, 1793 (1) (the dictionary, hoping he has not adopted a new orthography, mention of the 'infamous translation' of the Prayer for the late Fast); pp. 207, 289, Margaret Williams, Flimston, 1802 (2) (requesting information concerning [her husband] Edwd. Williams ['Iolo Morganwg'], her daughter's health); p. 161, Rev. Rob[ert] Williams, Llandudno near Conway, 1796 (1) (mention of his degree and ordination to a curacy and of plans to go to Oxford and [London], 'a vessel sails from Carnarvon to America, this month with about 300 Emigrants all Inhabitants of Carnarvonshire Anglesey or Denbighshire'); pp. 263, 411, Robert Williams or Robert ap Gwilim, Southwark, 1803-1804 (2) (his safe arrival in London from Riga in Russia, wishing to visit the addressee, an invitation); p. 419, Wm. Williams [? London], 1806 (I, (? requesting payment of an account); p. 313, C. H. Wilson, n.d. (1) (his inability to accept the kind invitation); p.295, C. Wood, [London], 1802 (1) (requesting the address of Mr. E. Williams ['Iolo Morganwg']); and p. 99, Y Colegwyr, Coleg y Rhacgaer, 1793 (1, to [Edward Williams] 'Iorwerth ab Gwilim') (refuting the addressee's claim and vowing that the language of the Welsh Bible is the best Welsh and that they will compose poetry according to the rules of the book of Sion Dafydd Rhys). Other items consist of: p. 123, printed proposals, 2 September 1793, for printing the Celtic Remains; p. 257, notes [by William Owen-Pughe] on 'Ross', 'Rhos', and 'Rhys'; and p. 261, particulars of the 'Madogeion Society'. One or two of the signatures to the letters have been cut away.

Llywarch Hên; Cynddelw; vocabularies

A manuscript in the hand of Ieuan Fardd containing translations of the songs of Llywarch Hên, with accompanying notes (pp. 5-19); notes on Welsh and Shropshire place-names, some taken from the work of Robert Vaughan, Hengwrt (pp. 19-36); 'Extracts apparently from the English Chronicle' (pp. 37-44); parallel quotations from Llywarch Hen and Shakespeare (pp. 45-46); a translation of Cynddelw's 'Song of Eva daughter of Madawc the son of Maredudd' (pp. 55-56); an index to the Red Book of Hergest (pp. 57-74); a Welsh-English vocabulary, dating from 1542 (pp. 75-128); and a list of Welsh words compared with allied forms in Latin, Gothic, etc. (pp. 129-133).

Materials relating to Carmarthen,

Two volumes of transcripts, etc., lettered on the spine 'Collectanea concerning Caermarthen . . . Alcwyn C. Evans, Caermarthen'. In addition the fly-leaf of the first volume is inscribed 'Collectanea relating to the Town and County of Caermarthen'. The contents include a printed copy of Cartularium S. Johannis Bapt. [recte S. John the Evangelist] de Caermarthen . . . (Cheltenham, 1865), together with a transcript, an English translation, notes, references, a list of priors, and indexes compiled by the scribe in 1869 [see Peniarth MS 401 and NLW MS 12376C]; inscriptions and epitaphs in the churches and churchyards of Llanelly, Penbre, Kidwely, St. Ishmael, Llanstephan, Cilycwm, Mothvey, Mydrim, Llanvihangel, Llanginning, Llandevaelog, Llanvihangel Aberbythich, Llanvynnydd, Llanfair ar y bryn, Llanarthney, Cowbridge, Llanbleiddian in Llantrissaint, Llanfihangel (Y Pont Fon), Llandochai, St. Hilary, and the Irish Franciscans' Church in the Convent of Isidore at Rome, together with a few plans and armorial bearings, the latter both emblazoned and in trick; reminiscences of 'old' David Rees, clerk of St. Peter's Church, Carmarthen (a list of public houses in the borough in 1798, a grinding mill in Blue Street, the imprisonment of the French on 26 February 1797, the pillorying of Thomas Evans ('Twm Penpistyll') ['Tomos Glyn Cothi'] four times in one year for treason, the visit of Lord Nelson, etc.); annotated transcripts of 'cywyddau', etc., by Hopkin ap Thomas ap Eineon, Ieuan Deulwyn, William ap Ieuan hen, and Lewis Glyn Cothi; archaeological and historical notes, from Archaeologia Cambrensis, 1852-1859, on Castell Carreg Cennen, Cwrt Bryn y Beirdd, 'Llyn fan. The Caermarthenshire Van pool and its fairies', Kidwelly Castle, Kidwelly Church, and the boundaries of Carmarthenshire; abstracts of grants of the manor of Emlyn otherwise Emlyon, co. Carmarthen, 1611-1614; transcripts of an instrument of sequestration of the fruits of the parish church of St. Peter's, Carmarthen, 1705, and of the presentation of Richard Prichard, M.A., to the benefice, 1709; 'Hanes Mynachlog Talyllychau. The History of Talley Monastery' by David Howell ('Llawdden'), with an English translation by Edwd. Davies, classical tutor in Brecon Independent College; an annotated transcript of a letter from John Vaughan, 2nd viscount Lisburne, from Crosswood, to Thomas Pryse, M.P., at Gogerddan, 1739 (the writer's misfortune at Llannidloes, observations on the inhabitants of Cardigan and a wish for the recipient's success); a transcript of 'Valoi Benefic' in Wallia' from Harleian MS 128; 'An Inventory of the White or Grey Friars at Caermarthen' [1534] transcribed from public records; a transcript of 'The Roll of Fealty and Presentments in Caermarthenshire on the accession of Edward the Black Prince to his Principality of Wales', 1343; a biographical note on Sir Stephen Bawcen ( ob. 1257); 'cywyddau' and 'awdlau' by David ap Edmund and Lewis Glyn Cothi, with annotations; accounts of the Caermarthen Literary and Scientific Institution from its foundation in 1841 to 1863; lists of officials (chancellors, precentors, treasurers, and archdeacons) of the diocese of St. Davids from the twelfth to the nineteenth century; 'Chwedyl o Rhydychain'; a parchment missive in Norman-French, 1356, from John Laurens, mayor of Caermarthen, to the people of Barnstaple, 'expressing Reciprocal Professions of Good Will' (endorsed 'Agreement . . . to have access to each other's Fairs without Toll'), together with an English translation; epitaphs in the church and churchyard of St. Peter's, Carmarthen; poetry, partly extracted from Rhys Jones: Gorchestion Beirdd Cymru (Amwythig, 1773), by Aneurin, Taliesin, Risiart ap Rys ('o Langarfan'), Llywarch Hen, Bardd Glas o'r Gadair, Rhys Goch (Tir Iarll), and Rhys Goch o Eryri; two English translations, one being by Lady Flora Hastings, of poems by [Johann Christoph Friedrich von] Schiller; a bill from John Jones, Carmarthen, for engraving the inscription (enclosed) on a brass plate put in the foundation stone of St. Paul's Church, Carmarthen, and the inscription on a silver trowel used by Thomas Burgess, bishop of St. Davids, in laying the first stone, 1824, with annotations by the scribe; extracts from Cambrian Register and Archaeologia Cambrensis, etc. ('What 'Dyved' was', 'The Caio Gold Mines', 'The Rebellion. Temp. Oliver Cromwell', translations of poetry by Lewis Glyn Cothi, Gogofau, Owen Glyndwr's progress in South Wales in 1403, a description of Allt Cynedda, 'Eisteddfodau: Temp. Henry IV', 'On Carn Goch in Caermarthenshire', 'The Dolau Cothy Stones', etc.); a 'cywydd' by Gruffydd Llwyd ap Dafydd ap Eineon Lygliw, with an English translation and annotations; extracts relating to the tale of Merlin; a list of festivals of Welsh saints; a 'cywydd' by William Egwad ('o'r Ynyswen'); a history of Dryslwyn Castle; an English translation of the charter granted to the burgesses of Llaugharne by Sir Guy de Bryan, circa 1300; 'A Sketch of the Life of Revd. John Evans [Unitarian minister at Evesham and Carmarthen], written by his nephew'; extracts from public records relating to Carmarthenshire; a list of parliamentary representatives for the county and for the county borough of Carmarthen, with dates and biographical details, for the period 1536- 1895 (continued)

Printed abstracts and manuscript transcripts of fourteen charters of the borough of Cardiff, 1338-1687, and transcripts of cases and opinions of John Richardson, Middle Temple, 1818, Henry Al(s)worth Merewether, Chancery Lane, 1824-1825, etc., relating to the appointment of constables and capital burgesses, exemption from corporation tolls, etc.; a grant of the lordship of Kidwellie to John Vaughan, 1st earl of Carbery, and Richard, lord Vaughan, his son and heir apparent, 1630; transcripts and translated abstracts of the parish registers of Trelech a'r Bettws, 1663-1837; abstracts of pre-1600 probate records preserved in the St. Davids Diocesan Registry, Carmarthen, with a list of testators recorded in each bundle and an index of places; material towards a history of the families of Vaughan and Lake, in the form of annotated transcripts and abstracts of probate records, compiled pedigrees, extracts from the parish registers of Llandevaelog, 1695-1780, Llanfihangel Aberbythich, 1704-1774, Llanarthney, 1729, St. Peter's, Carmarthen, 1704-1806, Llandybie, 1702-1781, Llangunnor, 1728-1779, and Llangendeirn, 1739-1779, similar epitaphs from the parish churches of Llangunnor and Llandevaelog, and records of the services of Captain Harry Vaughan, R.N., Carmarthen, and of his brother-in- law Captain James Katon, R.N.; material relating to the families of Bloome (Blome) and Copner, in the form of annotated transcripts and abstracts of probate records, compiled pedigrees, and extracts from the parish registers of Abergwili, 1723-1767, St. Peter's, Carmarthen, 1675/6-1756, and Llanvynydd, 1692-1782; a transcript of the will of Walter Rees of Water Street, parish of St. Peter, co. of the borough of Carmarthen, 1824; pedigrees based on probate records of the family of Thomas of Trelech a'r Bettws, Mydrim, Llangeler, etc. (among them being Samuel Thomas, Principal of Carmarthen Presbyterian College); a transcript of the will of William Davies late of Carmarthen but now of Five Fields Row, parish of Saint George, Hanover Square, co. Middlesex, 1788, providing for the establishment of a free school at Trelech a'r Bettws; an account of the action of the King v. General Thomas Picton in the Court of King's Bench, 1806-1808, on a charge of putting Louisa Calderon to torture in the island of Trinidad; pedigrees based on probate records of the family of Philips (Phillipps, Philipps, etc.) of Marthri [sic], co. Pembroke, Cwmgwili, Llandissilio, Laugharne, Llanarthney, Henllan Amgoed, etc.; the names of the clergy evicted from churches in co. Carmarthen by virtue of the Act of Uniformity of 1662, extracted from Edmund Calamy: The Nonconformist's Memorial (London, 1775); annotated selections, 1662-1683, taken in August 1890, from an 'old MSS Book, parchment bound, in Caermarthen Registry' [i. e., a register of St. Davids Chapter acts and leases now designated SD Ch/B 19 in the Church in Wales Collection in the National Library of Wales]; abstracts of miscellaneous probate records in the Diocesan Registry, Carmarthen, among them being the records of the family of Middleton of Pwllcrochan, co. Pembroke, etc.; 'Notes made in a search for the ancestry of Horatio Davis, of Boston, Mass., U.S.', including abstracts of Bristol and St. Davids probate records, and extracts from the parish register of Tickenham, co. Somerset, 1540-1674; poetry by John Blackwell ['Alun'] ('o Wyddgrug'), [Thomas Evans] 'Tho[ma]s Glyn Cothi', David ap Ieuan ap Rhydderch (i.e., David Davies, Castell Hywel), Siams Dafydd ('Iago ab Dewi'), 'Gwilym Tew Glan Taf', Edw. Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'), Henry Thomas ('Don Glantowy') (a poem entitled 'Bryn Grongaer' written without a single apostrophe), and the Reverend John Evans, Coed (1808-1819); lists of freeholders and of land- and householders sworn at Carmarthen, 1764; a description of 'Caermarthen Civic Emblems'; 'Old Welsh Phrases. Collected by Mr. Lloyd Morgan, of Llanidloes', almost entirely taken from William Owen [-Pughe]: A Dictionary of the Welsh Language, vol. I (London, 1803); a transcript of George Owen's Brief Account of Wales; etc. There is a list of contents of the first volume and an alphabetical index to the second volume. Inserted as a frontispiece to the first volume is an etched view of the quay and town of Carmarthen, 1868, by D. Jones, and to the second volume an engraving of the bridge and town, and in the text there are a number of pen-and-ink illustrations.

Alcwyn C. Evans.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume (pp. 1-540 with two pages not numbered) containing miscellaneous notes, lists, transcripts, extracts, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents include pp. 1-20, an account of the revision of the regulations relating to the craft and conduct of Welsh bards and musicians, the rules of 'cynghanedd', and the twenty-four strict poetic metres undertaken in connection with, or at, the 'eisteddfod' held under the patronage of Gruffudd ap Nicolas at Carmarthen [circa 1450], anecdotes relating to Dafydd ap Edmwnd and the said 'eisteddfod', etc., the greater part of the material being allegedly extracted 'O Lyfr Iago ab Dewi yn awr gan Mr. Thomas Evans o Frechfa, 1799' (this is the same account, etc., as that which is found in NLW MS 13096B, pp. 171-95, for which see above); 21-2, biographical and other notes on Sir Robert ab Amon, lord of Glamorgan [late 11th cent.], and his brother Richard; 23-4, notes on the Reverend Samuel Williams and his son the Reverend Moses Williams, a list of 'eisteddfodau' held at Carmarthen, Aber Marlas, and Castell Gweblai, 1452-1486, an anecdote relating to the poet Dafydd ab Edmwnd, a transcript of two 'englynion' by, or attributed to, the said poet, etc.; 25-7, extracts from the manuscript copy of the 'Lib[er] Land[avensis]' in Jesus College [Oxford, i.e., Jesus College MS 20]; 28-9, lists headed 'Names of some Constellations of Fixed Stars peculiar to the Britons', and 'Some Constellations in Glamorgan'; 33-7, a version of the Welsh legend of the birth of Taliesin (see The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales . . . (London, 1801), vol. I, pp. 17-19); 38, Welsh verse attributed to Morys ab Ieuan ab Eigyn and Lewys Morys; 39, a list of the names of early Welsh bards ('Hen Brydyddion a fuant gynt yng Nghymru'); 40, a transcript of 'englynion' ? attributed to Twm ab Han ab Rhys; 41-54, a series of twenty Welsh fables relating to birds and animals with the superscription 'O Lyfr Owain Myfyr. Damhegion a ysgrifenwyd ar femrwn ynghylch y flwyddyn 1300' (see BM Additional MS 14884, and for a published text Y Greal . . ., 1806, tt. 279-80, 322-9, and ibid., 1807, tt. 366-70); 55-9, series of Welsh triads with the superscriptions 'Llymma Drioedd Arbennig' (see John Williams: Barddas . . ., vol. I, pp. 394-7), 'Trioedd Serch', 'Trioedd Taliesin', and 'Trioedd mab y Crinwas' (continued)

60-63, lists of Welsh 'sayings' and other miscellaneous lists with the superscriptions 'Saith ymofynion y saith Doethion', 'Geiriau Gwir Cattw Ddoeth', 'Geiriau Gwir', 'Llyma leoedd ynghorph Dyn y bydd swrn gynheddfau ynddynt', 'Saith Gynneddf Gwr Dewisol ', 'Naw rhif Carennydd', 'Pysygwriaeth o Lyfr Hywel Ddu Feddyg', 'Cas ddynion Selyf Ddoeth', and 'Cas betheu Owein Cyfeiliog'; 64, a transcript of the inscription and 'englyn' found at the beginning of Lewis Dwnn's volume of pedigrees of families in cos. Carmarthen, Cardigan, and Pembroke; 65-8, a version of the Welsh tale 'Breuddwyd Gronw Ddu o Fôn'; 69-81, transcripts of three Welsh strict-metre poems ('awdlau') by, or attributed to, Rhobert Dyfi, Siôn Tudur, and Gruffydd Thomas; 82-8, a copy of a letter in Welsh, 9 December 1726, from the Reverend Edward Gamage from St. Athan [co. Glamorgan], to Llywelyn ab Ifan 'o'r Cannerw', giving an account of the achievements of members of the Stradling family (for a holograph copy of a letter from Edward Gamage to Llywelyn ab Ifan see NLW MS 13077B, and for transcripts by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') of letters from, or allegedly from, Gamage to the same recipient in addition to the present example see NLW MSS 13091E, 13095B, and pp. 528-36 of the present manuscript; for observations on these letters and doubts as to the authenticity of the Williams transcripts see IMCY, tt. 58-60, TLLM, tt. 107, 195, and IM, tt. 245-6); 89-123, versions of Welsh tracts, tales, etc., entitled 'Cato Cymraeg' (for the text see Y Greal . . ., 1806, tt. 145-51), 'Ystori y Llong Foel' (for the text see Taliesin . . ., cyf. II, 1860-61, t. 284), 'Breuddwyd Paul Abostol' (for the text see Iolo Manuscripts . . ., pp. 190-92, and for an English translation ibid., pp. 603-05), 'Cyngor i Feirdd a Dysgedigion Cymru' (attributed to loan Dafydd Rhys, M.D. [the Welsh physician and grammarian]; see Thomas Parry: 'Siôn Dafydd Rhys', Y Llenor, cyf. X, tt. 35-46), 'Araith Ieuan Brydydd Hir, 1450', and 'Casbethau Ieuan Brydydd Hir'; 124-30, transcripts of a Welsh poem entitled 'Arwyddon Taliesin', two poems by, or attributed to, Twm ab Ifan ap Rhys, a Welsh prophecy entitled 'Llyma Brophwydoliaeth Merddin', and an 'englyn' attributed to Edward Dafydd o Fargam; 137-42, notes, allegedly 'from John Bradford's MS', relating to the bards Lewys Glyn Cothi, Lewys Morganwg, Thomas Philip Fardd, Hopcin Twm Philip, Ieuan Swrdwal, Hywel Swrdwal, Ieuan ab Hywel Swrdwal, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Dafydd Fynglwyd, Rhisiart Iorwerth, Bran ap Llyr, Talhaearn Fardd, Sils ab Siôn, Meredydd ab Morgan Philib, William ap Morgan, William Dafydd, Morgan Pywel, Siôn Mowddwy, Llawdden, Cattwg fab Gwynnlliw, Caradawc o Lancarvan, Casnodyn Fardd, Trehaearn Brydydd Mawr, Harri ab Rhys ab Gwilym, Meuryg Dafydd, and Llywelyn Siôn; 153-71, a version of the Welsh prose oration 'Araith Gwgan' (for the text see Taliesin . . ., cyf. II, tt. 108-12, and for observations thereon IM., tt. 249-51); 171-4, transcripts of a poem from 'Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin', 'englynion' by, or attributed to, Wiliam Llyn, Huw Llyn, Richard Davies, Esgob Dewi, Dafydd Nanmor, Siôn Tudur, Syr Lewys, and Ednyfed Fychan, etc.; 175-7, a copy of a preface to 'a little book' ? with the title 'Short Pedigrees of divers Noblemen . . . of Pembrokeshire containing most part of the eight ancestors from whome they are descended' found 'amongst L. Morris' papers'; 178-81, extracts from [John Wynne:] The History of the Gwedir Family [London, 1770]; 182, a note relating to freemasonry; 183-5, lists of Welsh 'sayings' attributed to Ystyffan Fardd and Catto Ddoeth, etc.; 185-7, a transcript of a Welsh poem attributed to Sippyn Cyfeiliog; 188-93, a version of the Welsh tale 'Dammeg Einion ap Gwalchmai'; 194-204, transcripts of four unattributed 'englynion', a Welsh poem attributed to Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys, and an 'awdl' attributed to Siôn Tudur, and genealogical data headed 'Pum Brenhinllwyth Cymry'; 205-20, genealogical data relating largely to Glamorgan, notes on the arms of [Norman] knights who had come to despoil Glamorgan ('Llyma arfau y Cwncwerwyr a ddaethant ar anraith i Forganwg'), etc. (continued)

221-45, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Dafydd Benwyn, Siôn Morys Llwyd, Dafydd Llwyd Mathew, Gronwy William, Llewelyn Siôn, Antoni Powel, Morgan Powel, Harri Rheinallt, Huw Ceiriog, Huw Llyn, Wm. Byrcinsiaw, Ieuan Tew, R. Dafis, Escob Mynyw, Siôn Tudur, Huw Pennant, Wiliam Cynwal, Owain Brereton, Owain Gwynedd, Lewys Menai, Bedo Hafesb, Einon Tew, Siôn Philip, Simwnt Fychan, Wiliam Llyn, Edward Brwynllys, Huw Arwystli, Elis ab Rhys ab Edward, Robert Gruffudd ab Ifan, Huw Conwy, Bartholomew Jones, Hywel Ceiriog, Rhys Celli, Dafydd Alaw, Edward Dafydd, Dafydd Edward, Charles Meredydd, Siams Thomas, Hywel Rhys, Dafydd Rhys, Wiliam Lidwn, Hopcin Thomas, Siôn Padarn, Mathew Llwyd 'o Gelligaer', Llywelyn Thomas, Hopcin Dafydd Edward 'o Langyfelach', Harri Lleision 'o Lancarfan', Bleddyn Siôn, Hywel Lewys, Siôn Roberts, Thomas Lewys, Jenkin Rhisiart, Charles Dafydd Meredydd, Morgan Gruffudd, Lleision Ifan, Hopcin Llywelyn, Dafydd Ifan Siôn, Charles Bwttwn, esqr., Dafydd o'r Nant, Samuel Jones, Lewys Môn, Tudur Aled, Gruffudd ab Llywelyn Fychan with Han Brydydd Hir, Huw Ednyfed, Rhys Nanmor, Gwilym ab Ieuan Hen, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Rhys ab Rhisiart, Gwilym Tew, Dafydd Llwyd 'o Fathafarn', and Ieuan Brechfa (some of these 'englynion' were allegedly written in connection with a bardic meeting held at Craig y Ddinas, 'eisteddfodau' at Caerwys, Bewpyr, Dinbych, ? Carn Fadryn, and Castell Gweblai, and a 'cadair wrth gerdd yn Llangynwyd . . . 1664' (see TLLM, tt. 91-2)); 239-42, anecdotes relating to Gutto'r Glynn and Hywel Dafydd ab Ieuan ab Rhys at an 'eisteddfod' held in Cardiff Castle (with a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Sir Wiliam Herbert), and Dafydd o' r Nant at a meeting of bards at Lantrisaint; 247-9, an incomplete copy of a 'cywydd' attributed to Edmund Prys; 250-52, brief genealogical notes relating to the poets or writers Huw Machno, Einion ab Gwalchmai, Rhys Goch, Tudur Penllyn, Llew'n Offeiriad, Syr Owain ab Gwilym, Llen. Goch ab Meurig Hen, Tudur Aled, William Cynwal, Cywryd ab Elaith, Ieuan ab Rhydderch, Dav. Powel, D.D., Gruff. ab Ieuan, Rhys Cain, John Cain, Dafydd Jones, vicar Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd, Dafydd Llwyd . . . 'o Fathafarn', Edmund Prys, Ednyfed ab Gruff., Madog Benfras, and Llywelyn Llogell Rison (continued)

253-4, an anecdote relating to a Welsh scholar at Oxford and a copy of a poem attributed to Taliesin; 257-8, copies of extracts made ? by Evan Evans ['Ieuan Fardd'] from 'the Liber Landavensis in the Library of Mr. Davies of Llannerch' [now NLW MS 17110E]; 265--84, a copy of ? the preface and first section of a work entitled 'Datguddiad y Daroganwr Neu gasgliad o amryw frudiau a daroganau . . . yn yspysu yn amlwg mai'n presennol Frenin William y trydydd yw y Brenin Darogan' transcribed, according to a note on p. 266, in 1799 from a manuscript in the hand of Thomas ab Ifan of Tre Brynn [the copyist of NLW MSS 13061-13063B, 13069B, 13085B] then in the possession of Thomas Johns of Hafod Uchtryd, co. Cardigan (the preface deals with vaticinatory verse in the Welsh language more particularly that of Merddyn Emrys, Merddyn Wyllt, and Taliesin, and the author maintains that prophetic allusions in such poems were to King William III; see TLLM, tt. 171-2); 289-327, transcripts of miscellaneous old Welsh poems [mainly from 'Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin' and 'Llyfr Taliesin']; 327-9, a copy of an 'awdl' attributed to Dafydd y Coet; 337-45, transcripts of a twelve-stanza poem ['Enweu Meibon Llywarch Hen'] attributed to Llywarch Hen, and a sequence of thirty-seven 'englynion' all commencing with the words 'Eiry mynydd' attributed to Llywarch Hen, or Mab Claf ab Llywarch, or Llywelyn Llogell Rhison 'o Farchwiail', a version of the Welsh prose oration 'Trwstaneiddrwydd Gruffudd ap Adda ap Dafydd', and a few medicinal notes attributed to 'Meddygon Myddfai'; 346-59, transcripts of an 'awdl' allegedly written by Gwilym Tew in connection with an 'eisteddfod' held in the monastery of 'Penrhys yng Nglynn Rhodneu' in Glamorgan in 1434 or 1435, and an 'awdl' allegedly written by Lewys Morganwg for an 'eisteddfod' held in the monastery of Nedd (Neath) [in Glamorgan] in 1493 or 1494; 359-62, an anecdote relating to a proposal to establish a university in Glyn Nedd, temp. Henry VII, a few Welsh triads, and extracts from Robert Vaughan: British Antiquities Revived . . . ([Oxford], 1662); 363-72, transcripts of two 'awdlau' attributed to Thomas Prys 'o Blas Iolyn' and Lewys ab Edward; 375-8, a copy of an extract from the 'Liber Landavensis' as in pp. 257-8, and brief pedigrees of Gwaithfoed, prince of Cardigan, fl. circa 1000, and Bleddyn ap Cynfyn; 379- 417, transcripts of Welsh poems attributed to Thomas Prys 'o Blas Iolyn', Siôn Tudur, Meredydd ap Rhys, Dafydd Nanmor, Rhys Goch 'o Eryri', Madoc ap Gronw Gethin, and Prydydd y Moch, and of unattributed Welsh verse; 418, an analysis of the 'elements' in man ('Defnyddion Dyn') (see John Williams: Barddas. . ., vol. I, pp. 386-9); 419-28, transcripts of two early Welsh poems, the first being an elegy to Cynddylan (for both poems see The Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, vol. IV, pp. 41-7, and vol. VI, pp. 139-41), and a sequence of twenty-five 'Englynion Beddeu Milwyr Ynys Prydain' from 'Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin'; 435-48, transcripts of Welsh strict- metre poems attributed to Da'dd Williams, 'viccar Penllin'; 451-82, transcripts of Welsh strict- and free-metre poems attributed to Huw Morys; 483-92, a brief account in Welsh of the history of Glamorgan from the time of Morgan Mwynfawr to the reign of Henry VIII allegedly 'allan o Lyfr y diweddar Barchedig Edward Gamais, offeiriad Sant Athan, ag ynawr gan Mr. Siôn Spenser o'r un Plwyf'; 493-527 two accounts in Welsh of the quarrels between Iestyn ab Gwrgant, lord of Glamorgan, and Rhys fab Tydyr, lord of Deheubarth, and between the said Iestyn and Einon fab Collwyn, which led eventually to the conquest of Glamorgan by the Normans under Syr Rhobert fab Amon and the division of the country amongst the said Syr Rhobert and his twelve fellow knights, with brief notes on the subsequent ownership of the estates created (the first account was allegedly taken 'o Lyfr Daniel Thomas, argraphydd', and the second allegedly 'o Lyfr y Parchedig Mr. Thomas Basset o Lan y Lai a Gweinidog Sili ag Eglwys Brywys'); 528-36, an incomplete copy of a letter in Welsh [from the Reverend Edward Gamage, rector of St. Athan] to Llywelyn ab Ifan, giving an account of the coming of Sir William Le Esterling, ancestor of the Stradling family, into Glamorgan with the Normans (see pp. 82-8 above); and 539, an incomplete extract relating to the twenty-four traditional Welsh accomplishments.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume containing miscellaneous prose and verse items in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Page i is inscribed 'Brith y Coed Sef Cynnulliad Cymmysg o Hen Bethau Cymreig, Rhyddiaith a Phrydyddiaeth. Cynnulliad Iolo Morganwg. Rhifyn IV', and pp. iii-vii contain a list of ninety-four items being the contents of pp. 1- 144. These include, pagination in brackets, transcripts of Welsh poems (sometimes single stanzas) or extracts from Welsh poems attributed to Gwydion ap Don (from the Mabinogi) (1), Lln. Moel y Pantri (2), Lln. ab Hywel ab Ieuan ab Gronw (5, 101-04, with a note on the bard 104-05), Dafydd Gorlech (5), Gruff. ap Gronw Gethin (6), Rhys Llwyd Brydydd (6, 73), Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleison (17, 74, 122), Thomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes' (17), Siôn Tomas Hywel 'o Lanbedr ar Fro' (29), Thomas Wiliam Hywel (29), Thomas Lewys 'o Lechau' (29-30), Harri Meirig (35), Taliesin Ben Beirdd ( 49-55, 78-9), Dafydd ap Gwilym (72, 130), Iorwerth Fynglwyd (73-4), ? Rhys Nanmor (73), Ieuan Du'r Bilwg (74), Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys (75-7), Gruffydd Llwyd Dafydd ap Einon Lygliw (97-100, with a note relating thereto), Siôn Rhydderch (106-07), Dafydd Hopcin 'o'r Coetty' (108), Rhisiart Thomas (109 ), Teilo Sant (114-15), Casnodyn Fardd 'o Gil Fai' (116), Dafydd Lewys 'o Ferthyr' (120), Lleison Cradoc 'o Dregolwyn' (121), Rhys Brydydd (121), Owain Gwynedd (121), Dafydd Benwyn (122), Wm. Cynwal (122), Huw Machno (130), Edwd. Richards (130), Hywel Rhys (130), Hopcin ap Thomas 'o Lynn Tawy' (132), Llywelyn Goch ab Meurig Hen (132), Siôn Tudur (136-41), Siôn Mowddwy (141), Llawdden Fardd (143), Tudur Wiliam (144), John Daf. ap Jenkin (144), and Llywarch Hen (144); transcripts of unattributed Welsh verse including a series of fourteen 'Englynion yr Adar' with notes by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' relating thereto (37-9), a series of eighty-four 'Englynion Arthur a'r Eryr a hwnnw oedd Eliwlod Nai Arthur ag Arglwydd Llancarfan' with notes relating thereto by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (79-95), and an 'englyn' (131); notes on 'Adar Rhiannon' and 'Blynyddau'r haul a'r Lleuad' (2); genealogical data relating to the descent of King Arthur including an anecdote relating to Brân fab Llyr (3- 4); genealogical data relating to 'Taliesin Ben Beirdd' and 'Morganiaid Tredeger' (7-8); a copy of the inscription on the gravestone of William Hopkin [the reputed poet], ob. 1741, and of an 'englyn' thereon attributed to his mother, and a brief note on his family (9; see TLLM, tt. 251-9); notes, mainly genealogical, relating to Rhys Brydydd of Llanharan [co. Glamorgan] and his family (10); a brief genealogy of William Bleddyn, bishop of Llandaff [1575-1590] (11); notes relating to Cuneddaf Wledig and his sons (11-14); notes on Saint Brychan and Morgan ap Einydd from whom allegedly Brycheiniawg and Morgannwg derived their names (15-17); a copy of a version of the statute reputedly drawn up by Gruffudd ap Cynan for regulating the order of bards and musicians with brief notes on the said statute by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (18-28); miscellaneous genealogical data (30-36, 48, 113); horticultural and agricultural instructions extracted 'o Hen Lyfr Esaia Pywel o Lansainffraid ar ogwr' being a work allegedly compiled in 1591 by Rhisiart Siôn Huw 'o'r Coetty' ( 40-48) ; notes on the Welsh bardic order as it was previous to the time of Gruffydd ap Cynan ('Llyma Drefn ar wyr wrth Gerdd Dafawd a elwir Hen Drefn Deheubarth ag a fu yng Ngwynedd cyn nog amser Gruffydd ap Cynan') (56-60); a list of fifty Welsh triads headed 'Llyma Drioedd Cerdd' (60-68); a list of Welsh proverbs allegedly extracted from a larger collection 'Yn Llyfr Thomas Bona' (69-72); a transcript of a letter in Welsh from Llywelyn Siôn from Llangewydd to Meuryg Dafydd of Llan Nisian [both of co. Glamorgan and fl. late 16th cent.] (the books relating to the bardic craft 'Llyfrau cerdd dafawd . . . sef pump llyfr Cerddwriaeth' which he, Llywelyn Siôn, had been copying were ready for collection, recipient should receive one pound for them, he had heard that the person who wished to have the volumes intended publishing a work on the subject in Welsh and Latin, knowledge of the Welsh bardic craft would disappear except for the composing of 'cwndidau') (96; for the opinion that it is a forgery to be attributed to Edward Williams himself see TLLM, t. 93, n. 45, and t.158, n. 56); (continued)

Notes relating to 'eisteddfodau' held at Ystrad Owain, Glamorgan, with particular reference to an 'eisteddfod' held there in 1720, and transcripts of 'englynion' composed in connection therewith (105-12; see TLLM, tt. 272-7); a brief note on the connection between some of the gentry and clergy of Glamorgan and Welsh poetry until ? comparatively late in the eighteenth century (112); a short list of Welsh triads, a few Welsh proverbs, lists with the superscriptions 'Wyth prif Gampau Dedwydd', 'Naw Llawenydd y Nef', 'Yr Wyth Brifwyd', 'Wyth Weithred Trugaredd', and 'Wyth Defnydd Dyn', and a list of sayings attributed to Cattwg Ddoeth (117-20); notes relating to Rhys Brydydd of Llanharan [co. Glamorgan] and his sons Rhisiart and Ieuan and tales relating to his grandson Thomas (123-9; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, pp. 200-03, and for an English translation ibid., pp. 614-17); miscellaneous triads (131); notes on and a list of 'Breiniau Gwyr Arfon' (133-6); and Welsh medicinal recipes (142-3). Pp. 153-5 contain a list of fifty-one items being an incomplete list of the contents of pp. 157-384 Previously paginated 1-228. Included, pagination in brackets, are a copy of 'Gwassanaeth Meir' [being a middle Welsh version of the 'Officium Parvum Beatae Mariae Virginis'] transcribed by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' in June 1799 from a manuscript in the hand of John Jones [of Gellilyfdy, co. Flint] then in the library of Thomas Johns of Hafod Ychtryd, co. Cardigan [now Hafod MS 23 in the Cardiff Free Library] (157-211); a section headed 'Tri achos y dioddefawdd Crist archollion . . . ' and two Welsh triads (212 ); transcripts of two sequences of 'englynion' the first attributed to Mab Claf ab Llywarch or Llogell Rhison and the second to the said Mab Claf ab Llywarch, and of a poem attributed to Taliesin Ben Beirdd (213-20); transcripts of seven prayers described as 'Emynau Curig Ferthyr' (221-5); a copy of an anecdote relating to Owain Glyn Dwr and Syr Lawrens Berclos (225-6); transcripts of three sequences of 'englynion' (each stanza commencing 'Coronog Faban') attributed to Aneurin Gwawdrydd, Jonas, athraw Mynyw, and Rhys Goch o'r Ryri respectively with notes [by Edward Williams] on the three sequences (227-38; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, pp. 265-71 and for an English translation ibid., pp. 673 et seq.); four more sequences or 'awdlau' containing 'coronog faban' stanzas, the second being attributed to Gildas Broffwyd and the fourth being copied, with revised orthography, from Thomas Pugh: Brittish and Out-landish Prophesies . . ., London, 1658 (239-56; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, pp. 271-82); an incomplete copy of an 'awdl' attributed to Cuhelyn Fardd (257); a brief note on Gruffudd Hiraethog's opinion of Siôn Tudur, Wiliam Cynwal, Simwnt Fychan, and William Llyn (269); a note headed 'Edifeirwch Owain Cyfeiliog' (269-70); a copy of 'Prophwydoliaeth Gildas Brophwyd' (270-73); an incomplete series of triads entitled 'Trioedd Cerdd gwasgaredig' (273-4 ); transcripts of two stanzas of the 'tawddgyrch cadwynog' measure attributed to Iorwerth ab Ieuan and Lewys Hopcin 'o Hendre Ifan Goch' and of 'englynion' attributed to Lewys Morganwg (277-8); a short list of names of places and persons mainly from Welsh literature and legend extracted from a manuscript collection of Welsh poetry compiled by D[afydd] Jones, vicar of Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd (279-81); a list of questions and answers headed 'Gofyniadau saith o wyr Doethion i'w gilydd a'u hattebion' (282-3); a transcript of an 'englyn' in Latin attributed to Grono Ywain (283); a series of thirty Welsh triads (284-9); a copy of a fable entitled 'Hanes y tri aderyn Llwch Gwin' (289-90; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, p. 188, and for an English translation ibid., p. 600); copies of two prose items entitled 'Hanes y Pedwar Cefnderwydd Gwynedd' and 'Cynghor Taliesin i'w Fab Afaon' and a note re a Glamorgan tradition linking Wa[l]ter de Mapes with the parish of Llancarvan (290-92); (continued)

A note relating to Gruffudd Dwn of Ystrad Marchell and his relationship with William Llyn and William Salesbury, with a copy of an 'englyn' by the said Gruffudd Dwn to Salesbury (293-4); a note on the words 'ynad' and 'anynad' (295); transcripts of Welsh strict- and free-metre poems attributed to [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg', Hopcin y Gwaydd 'o Fargam', Thomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes', Hywel Rhys 'o Flaen Cannaid', Edward Richards 'o Ystrad Meuryg', Siôn y Cent, y Parchedig Roger Edwards 'offeiriad Llanaber yn Ardudwy', Evan Evans ( ), Edmund Prys, and Iorwerth Fynglwyd (296-317); notes relating to Elis Wynn [cleric and author] with a transcript of six of the 'englynion' published by him at the beginning of his [translation of Jeremy Taylor's Holy Living, i.e.] Rheol Buchedd Sanctaidd and of the six 'englynion' to the translator by Edmund Prys 'Ficar Clynog Fawr yn Arfon a mab yr hen Edmund Prys o Faen Twrog' also published at the beginning of the said volume (318-23); transcripts of strict-metre poems attributed to ? Ieuan ap Gruffudd, Siôn y Cent, Tomas Morgan 'o'r Tyle Garw', Wiliam Dafydd 'neu Wilym Tir Ogwr', Dafydd y Blawd, Y Bardd Glas o' r Gadair, Evan Evans 'sef Ieuan Gwynfardd Ceredigion', Goronwy Owain, Hopcin y Gweydd 'o Fargam', Huw Caerog, Huw Llyn, Huw Pennant, Wiliam Cynwal, Ieuan Tew Hynaf, Wiliam Byrcinshaw, Siôn Tudur, and Richard Dafies, Escob Mynyw, and of some unattributed verse, the poems in some instances being accompanied by notes relating to subject matter, circumstances of composing, etc. (323-57); a note relating to the grading or licencing of bards at the time of the 'eisteddfod' at Caerwys ? 1565 (357-8); notes relating to Elisabeth Price, cousin of Robert Fychan of Hengwrt [co. Merioneth], her work as a copyist of the works of Welsh poets from the earliest to her own times, some twenty manuscript volumes in her hand in the possession of the Reverend Mr. Dafis of Penegos near Machynllaith [co. Montgomery], the untrustworthy nature of the genealogical manuscripts of Gwynedd, the compilation of such works as Brut y Brenhinoedd, Brut y Tywysogion, and Brut y Saeson in South Wales, the preservation of the poetic compositions of the bards of the princes of Gwynedd in South Wales manuscripts such as Llyfr Coch Hergest, Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin, Llyfrau Gogerddan, and Llyfrau Castell Rhaglan, the use of 'Iaith Deheubarth' as a literary language by the poets of Gwynedd, etc. (359-61; see TLLM, tt. 173-4); an anecdote relating to the poet Gutto'r Glyn's visit to an 'eisteddfod' at Cardiff Castle with a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Syr Wiliam Herbert and of part of a 'cywydd' attributed to Hywel Dafydd ap Ieuan ap Rhys connected therewith (362-3); transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Gruffudd ap Llywelyn Fychan and Ifan Brydydd hir (jointly), Lewis Môn, Tudur Aled, Rhisiart Iorwerth 'o Langynwyd', and Llywelyn Goch ap Meuryg Hen 'o Nannau', an 'englyn sathredig ym Morganwg', and a stanza attributed to Owen Brereton (363-5); brief genealogies of Taliesin Ben Beirdd (366); and brief genealogical and other data relating to the three bardic brothers Ednyfed, Madawg, and Llywelyn, sons of Gruffudd ap Iorwerth of Marchwiail [co. Denbigh] with reference to an 'eisteddfod' held at Marchwiail in the lifetime of the said three brothers (367-8). P. 385 is inscribed 'Brith y Coed, Rhann VI yn hwn y mae Statut Gruff. ap Cynan o Lyfr Siôn Brwynog', and pp. 387-8 contain a list of the contents of pp. 393-421 (previously paginated 1-29). Included, pagination in brackets, are prose items headed 'Llyma Saith weithred y Drugaredd yr rhai y bydd Crist ddydd brawd yn holi pob Criston yn galed am danynt' and 'Llyma beth o Gynghoreu Cattwn Ddoeth a'r Bardd Glas o'r Gadair i bob gwr doeth ar y fynno rengi bodd Duw a dynion . . .' (393-9); a short list of 'Geiriau gwir Taliesin' and a series of six Welsh triads (400); a series of sayings attributed to Y Bardd Glas o'r Gadair, and a sequence of questions and answers of a biblical - mythological nature (401-02); and transcripts of strict-metre poems attributed to Gutto'r Glynn, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Dafydd Na[n]mor, Meilir Brydydd, Dafydd ap Gwilym or Iolo Goch, and Llawdden or Gwilym ap Ieuan hen (403-21). The remainder of the volume contains, pagination in brackets, a copy of rules relating to the holding of 'eisteddfodau' and of a version of the statute for the regulating of the bardic order attributed to Gruffudd ap Cynan as allegedly confirmed at the [mid] fifteenth century 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen (425-37; the present version, according to notes On p. 437, had been compiled by Siôn Brwynog from various sources and had been transcribed by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' from one of the manuscripts of the aforementioned Elizabeth Price in the possession of the Reverend Mr. Dafies of Penegos aforesaid); a note by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' relating to the authorship of the aforementioned rules for holding 'eisteddfodau' (438; see TLLM, t. 281); notes relating to an 'eisteddfod' held at Y Pil in co. Glamorgan in 1715 listing the names of bards who ? were present and containing transcripts of 'englynion' composed at or in connection with the said ' eisteddfod' allegedly by Nicolas Rhys, Wil Hopcin, Siôn Bradford ('Ieuan Tir Iarll'), Dafydd Hopcin 'o'r Coetty', Dafydd Nicolas, Gruffudd ap Hywel ('Y Digri Bach'), Rhys Morgan, Siôn Rhydderch, and Dafydd Thomas (441-6; see TLLM, tt. 258, 277 et seq.); a further note relating to the aforementioned Dafydd Thomas who was at Y Pil including a reference to Siôn Rhydderch (446-7; see TLLM, t. 244); and what appears to be the superscription for proposed notes on an 'eisteddfod' held at Ystrad Ywain in co. Glamorgan in May 1720 (448).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume containing miscellaneous material in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents include pp. xiii, xv-xvi, two lists of the contents of pp. 1-160; xvi, a copy of an 'englyn' by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg'; 1-5, a version of the rules for regulating the Welsh bardic order ('Ystatun . . . ar wyr wrth Gerdd') attributed to Gruffudd ap Cynan and Bleddyn ap Cynfyn; 5-9, comments by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' on the attribution of the formulation of such rules to Gruffudd ap Cynan and others; 110-114, a copy of a proclamation announcing that an 'eisteddfod' was to be held at Caerwys, co. Flint, 26 May 1567, and a list of the bards and musicians licensed at the said 'eisteddfod'; 115-116, descriptions of 'finger-signs' used to represent letters of the alphabet ('Egwyddor Awgrym Llaw'); 117-27, extracts, including examples of Welsh strict metres, from Welsh bardic grammars described in the first aforementioned list of contents as 'Pigion o Hen Lyfr Dosparth Cerdd dafawd' and 'Amrafaelion [d]darlleniadau yn Nosparth Edeyrn Dafawd Aur ag un Dafydd Ddu o Hiraddug' and in the second as 'Amrafaelion o Hen Ddosparth Cerdd' and 'Darlleniadau amrafaelion Dosparth Dafydd Ddu Hiraddug neu Dafydd Ddu Athraw'; 28, transcripts of three 'englynion' attributed to Rhys amheyrig 'o'r Cottrel'; 28-32, transcripts of two letters reputedly exchanged between the sixteenth century Welsh poets Siôn Mowddwy and Meyryg Dafydd (see also NLW MS 13121B above, pp. 501-05); 32, a brief note on 'eisteddfodau' held at Caerfyrddin in 1451 and 38 Henry VI; 33-118, an incomplete version of a Welsh bardic grammar consisting of part III (pp. 33-55 under an initial superscription reading 'Llyma Ddosparth Cerdd Dafawd a wnaeth Simwnt Fychan Bencerdd Fr Meistr Pirs Mostyn o Dalacre. Hwnn yw Trydydd Lyfr Cerddwriaeth Cerdd dafawd') dealing with the structure of the strict metres, part IV (pp. 55-76) dealing with 'cymmeriadau' and 'cynghaneddau' ('yn nesaf ysbysswnn o'r pedwarydd Llyfr Cerddwriaeth Cerdd dafawd nid amgen noc o'r Cymmeriadau a' r Cynghaneddau . . .'), and part V (pp. 76-119) dealing with faults in metre and 'cynghanedd' and the objects to be praised in verse, and containing at the end a series of eighty-two bardic triads ('Trioedd Cerdd y rhai y mae Beirdd Ynys Prydain yn ymarfer o'i cofiaw a'i ystyried'); 119- 22, a copy of the proclamation announcing the holding of an 'eisteddfod' at Caerwys, co. Flint, 26 May 1568, and the licensing of Simwnt Fychan as 'pencerdd'; 122-3, a note on the adoption of family surnames by the Welsh in accordance with a decree of the aforementioned 'eisteddfod' and on the mode of registering the said names; 124-37, a version of the code of rules for Welsh bards and musicians attributed to Gruffydd ap Cynan as reputedly confirmed by Bleddyn ap Cynfyn and others and at the aforementioned 'eisteddfod' at Caerwys; 138-40, a note relating to Dafydd ab Edmwnt and the 'cadwyn fyrr' strict poetic metre with an example of the said metre; 141, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Hywel ap Syr Mathew, Simwnt Fychan, and Howel Bangor; 142-51, a further version of the bardic rules attributed to Gruffudd ap Cynan 'fal ai conffirmiwyd yn Eisteddfod Caerwys . . . 1567'; 152, a note by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' on the aforementioned code of rules; 153-7, transcripts of 'Cywydd y Delyn Ledr' attributed to Dafydd ap Gwilym, two stanzas attributed to Llywarch Hen, and four unattributed 'englynion'; 158-60, a series of Welsh proverbs extracted allegedly 'o Lyfr Harry Siôn o Bont y Pwl'; 197-231 (previously paginated 1-35), notes dealing largely with the phonology of the Welsh language; 268, ? a proposed scheme or list of chapter headings for an 'Analytical Dissertation on the Welsh Language'; 273-392, mainly lists of Welsh words grouped according to their terminations; 376-8, stanzas of psalm tunes; and 409-12, notes on Welsh phonology.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume containing miscellaneous material in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents include p. 1, a copy of a proclamation announcing the holding of an 'eisteddfod' at Caerwys, co. Flint, in the year 1523; 2-26, extracts from, or versions of, the statutes for regulating the organisation and conduct of Welsh bards and musicians associated mainly with the name of Gruffudd ap Cynan; 26-35, a series of triads with the superscription 'Llymma Drioedd Gruffudd ap Dafydd Ychan'; 39-43, a copy of an 'Awdl perthynol i'r Rhyfel bresenol ag America' attributed to I[orwerth] ap G[wilym]; 49-60, transcripts of two Welsh poems attributed to Llywarch Brydydd y Moch and Cynddelw Brydydd, three 'englynion' from 'Llyfr Hir Llanharan', and an 'englyn' attributed to Siôn y Cent; 65-94, transcripts of miscellaneous Welsh verse including a series of twenty-two stanzas with the superscription 'Llyma'r Englynion a fu rhwng Trystan ab Tallwch a Gwalchmai ab Gwyar . . . ', 'Casbethau Arthur', stanzas from the 'Black Book of Carmarthen' attributed to Taliesin, a sequence of twenty-seven stanzas ('Gwasgargerdd Merddin yn ei Fedd') attributed to Myrddin ab Madawg Morfryn, a 'marwnad' attributed to Gruffydd Llygad gwr, a four-line 'darogan' attributed to Peredur Fardd, thirty stanzas from the 'Red Book of Hergest' entitled 'Ymatreg Llywelyn a Gwrnerth', forty-four stanzas with the superscription 'Tribanau yr Eiry Mynydd ar y mesur a elwir yr Hen Driban' attributed to Mab claf ab Llywarch or Llywarch Hen, and a further series of twenty stanzas with the superscription 'Llyma Englynion Eiry Mynydd eraill . . .' attributed to Ystyffan Bardd Teilo or Talhaiarn; 97-101, a list of the twenty-four traditional Welsh accomplishments ('Y Pedair Camp ar hugain'); 103-24, transcripts of 'cywyddau', etc., attributed to Bedo Philip Bach, Howel Dafydd ab Ieuan ab Rhys, Gr. Hiraethog, Siôn Mawddwy, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Trehaearn Brydydd Mawr, and Gutto'r Glynn, and of a series of 'englynion' to commemorate the year of accession of every English monarch during the period 1067-1558, these last being attributed to Berud ap yr Ynad Coch, Bleddyn Ddu, Cynddelw Brydydd Mawr, Llywelyn Fardd, Dafydd y Coed, Harri Haram Param, Llefot Wynebcolawr, Cyssymdaith Llefot Wynebcolawl, Mabwaith Hengrys o Ial, Llygad Gwr, Llywelyn ap Hywel Wrnerth, Gwilym Ddu 'o Arfon', Dafydd Bach ap Madoc Gwladaidd, Hywel Ystorun, Daniel Llosgwrn Marw, Dafydd Eppynt, Ieuan Brydydd Hir, Bleddyn ap Ieuan Hen, D. ddu, Ierwerth Fynglwyd, Rhys Nanmor, Hywel ap Bleddyn Mathew, Owain y Bardd 'o Wynedd', and Huw Arwystli; 129-35, a list of mainly Welsh authors who had written about the island of Britain ('am holl ynys Brydain') and of Welsh bards who had written of the three regions of Wales ('tair talaith Cymru'), etc.; 137, receipts for making ink; 138-9, transcripts of the Lord's Prayer in Welsh as versified by Dafydd Benwyn, and of 'englynion' attributed to Thos. Llen. 'o Regoes', Daf. o'r Nant, and Iolo Morganwg; 140-50, a transcript of a letter from Dafydd Tomas from Pandy'r Ystrad to Dafydd Rhys touching upon the course of the Reformation and the rise of Nonconformity in Glamorgan and mentioning Rhawlins White, Siôn Penri, William Erbri, and Walter Cradoc, and a translation of the Bible into Welsh by Tomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes' (the text of this letter was published in L. J. Hopkin James and T. C. Evans: Hen Gwndidau, Carolau, a Chywyddau . . . (Bangor, 1910), pp. 207-13; for doubts as to its authenticity and the opinion that it was composed by Edward Williams himself see TLLM, tt. 127, 245); 151-3, an anecdote relating to Gwilym Hir Saer and three stanzas in the 'triban' measure attributed to him; 154-64, two versions of 'Dengair Deddf y Beirdd' or 'Dengair Deddf Beirdd y Cymry' (published in James and Evans: op. cit., pp. 199-207); 165-74, a transcript of a letter from Dafydd Nicolas ? of Aberpergwm from Glyncorrwg to Edward Han of Aberdar, 1754, in which the writer gives his views on the relative merits of Welsh strict- and free- metre verse (the text of the letter was published in Taliesin . . ., cyf. I, 1859-60, tt. 92-5; for doubts as to its authenticity and an opinion that it was composed by Edward Williams himself see TLLM, tt. 241, 290-92); 175-6, a short chronicle of events in Welsh history, 1221-1419; 177-216, transcripts of Welsh poems attributed to Howel ab Owain Gwynedd, Casnodyn Fardd, ? Cynddelw, ? Teulu Owain Cyfeilyawc, Prydydd y Moch, Meilir Brydydd, Bleddyn Fardd, Llywelyn Fardd, Taliesin, Rhobin Ddu, Y Bergam o Faelor, Ieuan Trwch y Daran, D. ab Edmund, Ieuan Tew Hen, and Lln. ap Guttun, and miscellaneous extracts; 217, a copy of the prophecy of Friar Bacon ('Prophwydoliaeth y Brawd a elwid Ffreier Bacon'); (continued)

218-21, miscellanea including transcripts of two 'englynion' attributed to Sir Huw Dafydd and Thomas Powel, and a list of the cantrefi and cymydau of Morganwg 'ex Havod MS.'; 222-4, miscellaneous domestic and medicinal recipes; 243-5, a copy of a foreword reputedly written by Benjamin Simon in 1754 to a collection of the poems of Dafydd ap Gwilym; 246-52, transcripts of Welsh poems attributed to Ieuan Tew o Gydweli and Edward Llwyd; 253-5, a list of castles in Britain ('Caerau Ynys Prydain sef y Prif Gaerau'); 255-69, transcripts of miscellaneous 'englynion', three triads, and poems attributed to Siams ab Harri 'o Euas' and Gruffudd ap Ieuan ap Llywelyn Fychan; 270-87, transcripts of series of 'sayings', proverbs, triads, etc., with the superscriptions 'Saith gamp a ddylai fod ar wr', 'Saith ymofynion a'u hattebion', 'Geiriau Gwir Cattwg Ddoeth', 'Gorddodeu Cattwg ddoeth', 'Gorddodeu'r Hen Gattwg o Ial', 'Synnidau Cattwg Ddoeth', 'Trioedd amrafaelion', 'Diarhebion amrafaelion', 'Diarhebion Cenhedlig a Lleol', 'Llyma Ddiarhebion Tymmor a Thywydd', and 'Diarhebion Meddygol'; 287-95, a sequence of fifty-three stanzas entitled 'Englynion yr Eira Gwyn ar Ddiarhebion'; 296-323, transcripts of miscellaneous Welsh prose and verse items including prose items headed 'Llyma wyth llawenydd y Nef', 'Llyma Rinwedd y Ceiliog', 'Cas Betheu gan Dduw', 'Wyth o Drioedd', 'Naw Gradd yr Awgrym', 'Naw gradd Carrenydd', 'Llyma y pum achos sydd i gadw achau', 'Nodau Rhifyddiaeth yr Hen Gymry', 'y Llythyrenau Cymreig Hen a Newydd', 'Tri chynghor a roddes Iesu Grist iddei Ganlynwyr', 'Enwau Ynys Prydain a'i Rhag ynysoedd a'i chaerydd', and 'Hwedl Rhitta Gawr', 'englynion' attributed to Dafydd Benwyn 'o Forganwg', Edward Dafydd 'o Fargam', and Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleison, twenty-six stanzas attributed to Rhys Llwyd Brydydd 'o Lanharan', and verse attributed to Merddin Emrys, Taliesin, and Goronwy Owain; 324-438, transcripts of Welsh poems, mainly 'cywyddau', attributed to Iolo Goch, Gwilym ab Ieuan Hen, Rhys ab Cynfrig Goch, Dafydd ab Edmwnd, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Thomas Llywelyn, Lewys Môn, Rhys Nanmor, Huw Cae Llwyd, Rhys Goch 'o'r Eryri', Siôn Philib, William Llyn, Rhisiart Fynglwyd, Rhys Llwyd ab Rhys ab Rhisiart, Meredydd ap Rhys, Ieuan Du'r Bilwg, Siôn y Cent, Ieuan Cae Llwyd, Tudur Aled, Syr Owain ab Gwilym, Owain Gwynedd, Taliesin, Dafydd Llwyd ab Llywelyn ab Gruffydd 'o Fathafarn', and Siôn Mowddwy; 439-42, transcripts of items with the superscriptions 'Gweddi Talhaearn . . .', 'Y Deuddeg Prif Gynnegolion . . .', 'Llyma Bennill Cadair Gorsedd Alban Arthan', 'Llyma Weddi'r Orsedd', and 'Cylch Byd a Bywyd', and examples of the strict metre known as 'gorchest y beirdd'; 459-95, transcripts of poems attributed to Dafydd ap Gwilym and some unattributed poems; 555-65, three sequences of stanzas (16, 13, and 8) with each verse commencing 'Coronog Faban' attributed to Aneurin Gwawdrydd or Gildas ap y Caw, Jonas Athraw Mynyw, and Rhys Goch 'o Eryri', with comments on the three series; 566, transcripts of four stanzas of Welsh strict-metre verse attributed to Rhys Llwyd and Iorwerth Fynglwyd; 571-86, a version of the statute relating to Welsh bards and musicians associated with the names of Gruffudd ab Cynan and Bleddyn ab Cynffyn; 587-9, notes relating to an 'eisteddfod' held by Rhys ab Gruffydd in Cardigan and rules formulated relating to the bards and 'eisteddfodau'; and 590-626, transcripts of miscellaneous Welsh prose and verse items including notes headed 'Llyma fal y dychre Dosparth ar Gelfyddyd cerdd dafawd yn Llyfr Iago ab Dewi', series of triads with the superscriptions 'Llyma Drioedd o hen Lyfr Tre'r Eos', 'Llyma Drioedd Gwilym hir, saer Hopkin ap Thomas ab Philip', and ['Trioedd] o Lyfr y Dr. Williams o Gaernarfon', Welsh poems attributed to Taliesin, Iorwerth Beh, Mabclaf ab Llywarch, and ? Daniel Llosgwrn Mynyw, a version of the bardic statute associated with the name of Gruffudd ap Cynan, prose items with the superscriptions 'Llyma Gasbetheu Doethion Rhufein', 'Dewisa Gwr nid amgen', 'Saith rhodd yr Yspryd Glan', 'Llyma Ddewisolion Dafydd Maelienydd', and 'Dewisolion Hywel Ystoryn', and an anecdote relating to Huw Llwyd Cynfel, brother of Morgan Llwyd 'o Wynedd'.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A volume containing miscellaneous items in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents, pagination in brackets, include a copy of an anecdote relating to the struggle between Caradawc ap Bran ap Llyr and the Romans and the building by Manawydan ap Llyr, his uncle, from the bones of those slain in the struggle, of a prison called 'Carchar Oeth ac Annoeth', all allegedly extracted from [a manuscript called] the 'Yniales' ( i-vii; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, pp. 185-7, and for an English translation ibid., PP-pp. 597-600; for the 'Yniales' see TLLM, sub nomine in index); a transcript, with revision of orthography, by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' of f. 9 and part of f. 10 recto of Llanover MS B 15 now NLW MS 13074D, ff. 9 recto-14 verso of which contain extracts from, and abstracts of sections of, a text of the version of the Welsh chronicle 'Brut y Tywysogion' known as 'Brenhinedd y Saeson' in the hand of Robert Vaughan of Hengwrt, co. Merioneth (xvii + 1-8; see NLW MS 13074D above); two lists of the sons of Seithinin, Brenin Cantref y Gwaelod, and Ithael Hael, and miscellaneous memoranda relating to Macsen Wledig, Cantre'r Gwaelod, Gwilym ap Gruff[udd of Penrhyn, co. Caernarvon, ob. 1431] and his son W[illia]m Gruff[udd], Urban, bishop of Landaff, early twelfth century, etc. (15-17); miscellaneous couplets, stanzas, and longer extracts from Welsh strict- and free-metre poems some unattributed and some attributed to G. Hiraethog, Llawdden, Siôn Brwynog, Rob[er]t Daf[ydd] Llwyd of Crymlyn, co. Anglesey, and Dicc Hughes, a short list of 'Prydyddion y Carolau yn Llyfr Mr. Davies o Fangor', brief notes relating to Rich[ar]d Huws, equerry to Queen Elizabeth and poet, and Siôn Brwynog, two triads, etc. (18-26); a chronicle of events in Wales, 1405-1417, connected with the revolt of Owain [Glyndwr] extracted from 'Loose paper[s] of Evan Evans at Mr. Panton's, Anglesea' (27-8; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, pp. 67-8, and for an English translation, ibid., pp. 453- 5); a chronicle of historical events, natural phenomena, etc., mainly in Welsh and British history, A.D. 55 - A.D. 453, allegedly from 'Llyfr Watkin Pywel o Ben y Fai o Lyfr Caradawc Llancarfan' (29-38; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, pp. 40-45, and for an English translation, ibid ., pp. 417-23); brief notes relating to Dyfnwal ap Dyfnwallawn, king of the North, King Edmwnd, and Prince Llywelyn ap Sissyllt in 877, and a brief note on the seizure of Gower in 966 by Einion ab Owain (41); incomplete notes relating to a feast at Castell Nedd in 1087 organised by Rhys ap Tewdwr and attended by Iestin ap Gwrgan (45-6); notes denoting the number of years between specified events or periods in time relating mainly to Britain and often involving mythological or pseudo-historical figures (e.g. from the coming of the Romans to Britain to the birth of Christ = 54 years, from the time of Beli Mawr, king of Britain, to the coming of the Romans = 75 years) (49-51); notes relating to figures such as Hu Gadarn, Prydain ap Aedd Mawr, and Beli Mawr and the dating of events from their time (57-8); notes denoting the length of various periods or epochs in early British and Welsh history up to the tenth century (e.g. from the time of Llyr Llwyd to the time of Prydain ab Aedd Mawr = 287 years, from the time of Prydain to that of Dyfnwal Moelmud = 29 years, etc .), the majority of the rulers whose reigns are noted as marking the beginning or end of a period being legendary kings, and a few, such as Rhodri Mawr and Hywel [Dda], historical, together with brief notes on events connected with some of the reigns noted (61-6; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, pp. 36-40, and for an English translation, ibid., pp. 412-17); miscellaneous genealogical data relating to, inter alios, the Gawntlo family of Tregawntlo [co. Glamorgan], Robert Rhaglan of Llanilltud fawr, Tudur Aled, Iolo Goch, Risiart Davies, bishop of St. David's, and descendants of Ednyfed Fychan and Einion ap Collwyn, mentioning as sources 'Llyfr Tew Watcin Williams o Langanna', 'Llyfr Twm o'r Nant', 'Hafod MS.', 'Llyfr G. Hiraethog', and 'Llyfr Mr. Vaughan' (71-4, 81-5, 91); an extract [from a Panton MS] relating to the codification of the [Welsh] laws [by Hywel Dda] and instructions to Blegywryd to reduce them to writing (95; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, p. 87, and for an English translation, ibid., pp. 478-9); (continued)

Notes relating to Einiawn Offeiriad, his son Thomas, and his grandson Hopkin ap Thomas, attributing to Thomas 'Llyfr y Greal' and 'Llyfr y Mebinogi', and to Hopkin 'Marwnad D[afydd ap] G[wilym]' and 'Yr Yniales', etc. (96-7; see TLLM, tt. 9-14 and other references sub nominis in index thereto); genealogical miscellanea ? from 'Llyfr Llanganna' (103-05); genealogical data relating mainly to South Wales (107-21); a list of the names of one hundred and ten kings [of Britain] from the time of Brytys to the time of Cydwaladr (listed as No. 108) with Henry VII and Henry VIII added as Nos. 109-10 (122-4); a genealogy tracing the descent of Henry VIII from Adam (125-6); references to the poets Gwynfardd Brycheiniog and Madawc ap Gwallter and an anecdote relating to the seizure of Taliesin Ben Beirdd by Irish pirates, his escape, and his service at the courts of Urien Rheged, Gwyddno Garanhir, and King Arthur (131-3); an anecdote relating to an Irish raid on the coast of South Wales, the capture of Saint Patric from Bangor Dewdws, and the saint's subsequent conversion of the Irish, etc. (133); transcripts of a fifty-seven stanza free-metre poem entitled 'Cân i'r Ffanaticiaid' allegedly written by an Anglican clergyman ('offeiriad eglwysig', see stanza fifty-six) in the year 1629 (see stanza fifty-seven), the present copy said to be 'o Lyfr Joseph Jones, Hoeliwr o Gaerdyf', a forty-three stanza free-metre poem entitled 'Cân i'r Gau broffwydi' allegedly written by Morgan Siencin of the village of Tresigin [near Llantwit Major, co. Glamorgan] (see stanzas forty and forty-one) in 1643 (see stanza forty-two ), the present copy said to be from the same source as the preceding poem, and a 'cywydd' entitled 'Cywydd y ffanaticiaid' or 'Cywydd cwyn Eglwys Loeger a Sen i'r Ailfedyddwyr a'r Iddewon difedydd' allegedly written by Edward Dafydd of Margam circa 1645 (135-63; for the text of the third poem see Cymru, cyf. XXI, tt. 218-19, and Seren Gomer, 1902, tt. 169-72; these three poems deal with the Puritans in South Wales in the first half of the seventeenth century and for an analysis of their contents, etc., with the opinion that they are partly, if not entirely, the creation of Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', himself, see IM, tt. 254-63, and TLLM, t. 128; for the 'cywydd' see also Thomas Richards: Religious Developments in Wales, 1654-62, pp. 188-91); a transcript of a twelve-line 'Epitaph uppon ould Dotard Wroth' [? William Wroth, Puritan, cleric, 1576-1641], being a slightly variant version of the same poem to be found in NLW MS 13072B (Llanover B. 12), p. 155 (164); a transcript of two 'englynion' attributed to Jenkin Richards being a slightly variant version of the two 'englynion' on p. 155 of the aforesaid NLW MS 13072B (164); a transcript of four 'Englynion I Hopcin y Pengrwn bregethwr' attributed to Jenkin Richards these again being slightly variant versions of 'englynion' found on pp. 148 + 170 of NLW MS 13072B (165); a transcript of a series of eight unattributed 'englynion' headed '1648' (166); excerpts from, or transcripts of, poems by, or attributed to, Aneurin, Taliesin, Llywarch Hen, Myrddin, Dafydd Benwyn, Sim[wnt] Fychan, Tudur Aled, Elaeth, Philip Brydydd, Gruff. Grug, Prydydd Bychan Deheubarth, H[ywel] ab O[wain] Gwynedd, William Middleton, Gwalchmai, P[rydydd y] moch, Cyndd[elw], Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Mabwaith Hengrys o Ial, Ieuan ap Rhydderch ap Ieuan Llwyd 'o Enau'r Glynn yn Sir Aberteifi', Dafydd y Coed, Edward Dafydd, Dafydd Llwyd Mathew, Gwilym Tew, Dafydd Ddu, Wiliam Egwag (sic), Y Cwtta Cyfarwydd, Iolo Goch, and Rhys Nanmor, extracts from 'Englynion y Beddau' [ from the Black Book of Carmarthen], etc., ? to exemplify poetic metres or metrical patterns (167-220); four lists containing names of persons or names or locations of property and headed 'Depopulation St. Athan', 'Houses at present in St. [Athan] Parish', 'Flimston in ruins', and 'Houses at Present [? in Flimston]', and comments on depopulation in the Boverton and Lantwit area [co. Glamorgan] (233-8); transcripts of free-metre unattributed Welsh verse including traditional 'hen benillion', and of two unattributed 'englynion' (241-54); a note on Twm Bach or Thos. Pritchard of Coyty [co. Glamorgan], 'the Orpheus of his age', ob. 1597, with a transcript of an 'englyn' to him allegedly written jointly by Hugh Griffith and Rhys Cain (255); (continued)

A list of the twenty-four Welsh strict poetical metres with English equivalents of the Welsh names (256); a collection of free-metre verse under the general designation 'Pennillion Sathredig Ym Morganwg', a few of the stanzas being attributed to Edward Matthew of Llangrallo [co. Glamorgan], grandfather of Edward Williams (see IM, tt. 87-8), 'Dau lengcyn o Ystrad Dyfodwg', Wm. o'r Ydwal, Llywelyn ab Ifan, and Siencyn Lygad Rhawlin (257-306; included are stanzas on p.293 subsequently associated with the name of Wil Hopcin for which see TLLM, tt. 251-9); transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Dafydd Nicolas, Edward Evan, Dafydd Thomas, Lewys Hopkin, Thos. Williams 'o Bont y Ty Pridd', and Taliesin ab Iolo Morganwg, the one attributed to the last named being in English (317-20); notes relating to coal strata in certain locations in Glamorgan (321-2); extracts, etc., from the English Old and New Testament (331-5); miscellanea including a stanza of English verse by E[dward] W[illiams], a list of the titles of twelve English poems headed 'Pieces by E[dward] Wms. in a MS. which Anstey took', a brief list of Welsh proverbs, references to the death of Edmund Prys, Essex Chapel, and the London Unitarian Society, etc. (337-41); a copy of the inscription on the tomb of Lydia Phell, ob. 11699, in the Quakers' Yard near Newbridge, co. Glamorgan, with a description of the said Yard and a note on its connection with the Quakers (344, 354); lists of Welsh words and expressions (346, 351-2, 357, 359, 366, 383-6); a copy of an 'englyn' by [ Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (347); transcripts of free-metre stanzas attributed to Rhys Hywel Lewys 'o'r Faenor' and 'englynion' attributed to Edward Evan alias Iorwerth ap loan (348-9, 351); a copy of a declaration dated at Carmarthen, August 1801, in which the persons who had subscribed (fifteen signatures including that of [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' are reproduced) declared their intention of forming a religious society to be known as 'Cymdeithas Undodiaid Gristnogol Deheubarth Cymru (The South Wales Christian Unitarian Society)' (350); extracts from the Bristol Mercury, August 1816, re the death of Jane Miles of Swansea aged 106 and the fall of an aerolite near Glastonbury (354); three stanzas of English verse copied from 'Moore's Sacred Melodies' (356); a transcript of a stanza of Welsh verse attributed to Thos. Dafydd Meils, Dyffryn Aberdar, a brief extract from [George] Crabbe's poem '[The] Borough', a copy of the title-page of J[eremiah] Joyce: The Subserviency of Free Enquiry . . . (1816), a list headed 'Errata in Salmau I.M.', an extract from Baldwin's Journal, December 1806, etc. (360-63); extracts on poetry from 'Joyce and Carpenter's Systematic Education, vol. I', and brief notes headed 'Welsh Literary Dialect and Style' (367-8); sketches of, and brief notes relating to, an inscribed stone on Margam mountain and another in the tower of Llanelldeyrn chapel [co. Glamorgan] (369-71); brief notes relating to the traditional boundaries of Morgannwg and Gwent (371-2); a historical note relating to the orthography of the Welsh language (373); notes stressing the importance of preserving the orthography of ancient manuscripts and printed books when reproducing them 'in written transcripts or in printed copies' and deprecating William Owen [Pughe]'s orthographical innovations ( 374-5); notes referring to the 'MS. Tract' relating to the regulations for musicians associated with the 'Glyn Achlach musical sessions' circa 11098, the possible Italian influence on the music of the time of Gruffudd ap Cynan, and the place of the harp and 'crwth' in Welsh musical and bardic tradition, with adverse comments on the ideas of 'Humstrum Ned' [? Edward Jones, 'Bardd y Brenin'], etc. (377-811); notes criticising the theories that the Druids had inhabited caves or underground dens (382); a list of sayings headed 'Welsh proverbial Piety Glam.' (402); extracts from the parish register of the parish of Lanmaes [co. Glamorgan], late 16th-18th cent. (407-22); a list headed 'Enwau Rhai a fuant fyw yn hen iawn ym Morganwg' containing the names of, or copies of memorial inscriptions to, persons in Glamorgan who, from the period of the saints to the nineteenth century, had lived to be octogenarians, nonagenarians, or centenarians ( 425-31; a few items added by Taliesin Williams); an anecdote relating to an old man from Glamorgan whose mare had been stolen by [Oliver] Cromwell's soldiers (434 this appears to be in the hand of Taliesin Williams); further examples of, or notes relating to, instances of longevity in Glamorgan (435-9); two brief lists headed 'Dynion hynod am rym Corph ym Morganwg' (two items added in the hand of Taliesin Williams) and 'Hynod am ysmalhewch'’ (440); a list of ? Glamorgan bards, 15th-18th cent. (441 + 444 ); extracts from Brown Willis: Survey of the Cathedral Church of Landaff relating to Dubricius, bishop of Landaff, ob. 522, Herewald, bishop of Landaff, ob. 1113, and Edward Davies, rector of St. Brides, ob. 1672, all three being examples of longevity (445-6); a copy of a Latin memorial inscription to the Reverend Edward Pritchard, rector of the parish of Flimston [co. Glamorgan], ob. 1742, in the parish church, with notes and anecdotes relating to him (447-50; see IM, tt. 97-8); and further notes relating to, and names of, nonagenarians and centenarians ? all of Glamorgan (451-4, 465-71; one additional note m the hand of Taliesin Williams).

'Iolo Morganwg' and Taliesin Williams.

Triads; manuscript collections, &c.

A manuscript containing 'A translation of the Triads ... by Mr Lewis Morris out of Mr. Vaughan of Hengwrt's copy ...', transcribed and corrected by Ieuan Fardd, 12 October 1773 (pp. 3-47); and a list of collections of Welsh manuscripts (pp. 81-87).
The volume also includes a list of proverbs needing correction or insertion in John Davies, Mallwyd's Dictionary (pp. 50-59); a 'catalogue of the works' of Llywarch Hen, Myrddin, Taliesin and Aneirin 'out of Moses Williams's collection' (pp. 73-80); an elegy to Humphrey Llwyd, author of the Breviary of Britain, by Lewis ap Edwart (pp. 87-95); etc.

Morris, Lewis, 1701-1765

'Y cynfeirdd Cymryig',

A manuscript volume bearing the title 'GODODIN M.S.'. The volume contains a collection of transcripts made by William Owen [-Pughe] in 1784 of Cynfeirdd poetry and is entitled 'Y Cynfeirdd Cymryig sef (Barddoniaeth yr Oesoedd Cynnaraf] Cynnulliad Gwilym Owain, o Feirion'. There is a water- colour sketch on page ii incorporating the quotation 'Bedd Tydain [sic] Tad Awen Yngodir Bron Aren' which is written in the bardic alphabet as is 'Barddoniaeth yr Oesoedd Cynnaraf' on the title-page (p. iii). The contents of the volume are listed by title on pages vii-xi, and variant readings have been added in the margins at a later date referring to 'Llyfr P.P.' [Paul Panton], 'Llyfr E.D.' [Edward Davies of Olveston, co. Gloucester], and 'Ll.H.' [Llyfr Hir]. Most of the contents of this volume have been published in The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales . . ., Vol. 1, (London, 1801), although not in the same order. The poems in the present manuscript are attributed to the following poets: Aneurin Gwawdrydd, Llywarch Hen, Taliesin, Golyddan, Meigant, Myrddin Wyllt, Elaeth, and Gwenddydd chwaer Merddyn Wyllt.

William Owen-Pughe [?and others].