Bards and bardism.

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Bards and bardism.

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Bards and bardism.

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Bards and bardism.

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An outline of Mr Southey's poem entitled Madoc

  • NLW MS 23947C.
  • File
  • [1805]

A volume, [1805] (watermark 1800), in the hand of 'J.W.L.' [probably Sir James Winter Lake, bart], containing an outline of Robert Southey's poem 'Madoc'.
The outline consists of a prose summary of the contents of parts one (ff. 7-111) and two (ff. 113-218) of the poem, as first published in Robert Southey, Madoc, 2 vols (London, 1805), with numerous quotations from the text throughout. A list of characters (ff. 4-5) and closing notes (ff. 218-219) are based on Southey's Preface. Also included are some of Southey's notes on Bards from the appendix to Vol. 1 (ff. 66-68); a description of the beaver from Thomas Pennant, History of Quadrupeds, 2 vols (London: B. White, Fleet Street, 1781, ESTC T113535), pp. 383-387 (ff. 71-76); several ink and watercolour drawings (ff. 2 verso, 5, 6, 7, 70 verso, 75 verso, 112, 113, 219), some based on plates in the printed work; and four prints which have been pasted into the volume (ff. 3 recto-verso, 6 verso, 85 verso). The volume was written to commemorate 'the departure of an affectionate son to Prince of Wales's Island [now Penang, Malaysia] in the East Indies on Sat[urda]y April 20 1805' (see f. 3); the new chaplain assigned to Penang in 1805 was the Rev. Atwill Lake, son of Sir James Winter Lake, Edmonton, Middlesex.

Southey, Robert, 1774-1843

Barddoniaeth, etc.,

A note-book (pp. 1-80) and miscellaneous papers (pp. 81-268) containing notes, lists, extracts, transcripts, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. Page 1 is inscribed 'Cynnulliadau Tuag att Hanes Eisteddfodau Caerfyrddin, Caerwys, ag eraill Casgledig (gan mwyaf) yng Ngwynedd gan Iolo Morganwg', and this first section contains: a version of the 'statute' of Gruffudd ap Cynan as allegedly confirmed at an 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys, co. Flint, in 1523, with a list of the names of the bards and musicians licensed at the said 'eisteddfod', transcribed 'O Lyfr Ygrif (sic) P. Panton, Yswain, o'r Plas Gwynn ym Môn' or, as stated elsewhere, 'Ex No. 65, Plas Gwynn, Môn' [i.e. Panton MS 65, now NLW MS 2031, of which see pp. 200-12] (see also NLW MS 13096B above) (pp. 17-27); a list of the twenty-four Welsh strict poetic metres with illustrative examples [?transcribed from the aforementioned Panton MS 65, pp. 186-93] (see also NLW MS 13096B) (pp. 27-35); notes relating to, and lists of, Welsh musical measures [?transcribed from Panton MS 65, pp. 194-200] (see also NLW MS 13096B) (pp. 36-39); an incomplete transcript [?from Panton MS 65, pp. 182-4] of notes relating to the twenty-four traditional Welsh accomplishments (p. 40); anecdotes relating to the poet Dafydd ap Edmunt and the 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen [c. 1450] under the patronage of Gruffudd ap Nicolas, transcribed 'Ex Vol. 17, P.P.' [i.e. Panton MS 17, now NLW MS 1986A, of which manuscript see ff. 111-17] (see also NLW MS 13096B) (pp. 41-47); further miscellaneous extracts from Panton MS 17 including an anecdote relating to the poet Huw Arwystli, notes relating to the 'cantrefi' of Glamorgan, etc. (pp. 47-49); transcripts of 'englynion' by, or attributed to, D[afydd] ab Gwilym, John Mowddwy, ?Thos. Lln., and Siôn Tudur (pp. 49-50); transcripts of twenty-three 'englynion' commemorating the year of accession of every English monarch, 1066-1558, attributed to Berud ap yr Ynad Coch, Bleddyn Ddu, Cynddelw Brydydd Mawr, Lln. Fardd, Dafydd y Coet, Harri Haram Param, Cyssymdaith Llevot Wynt epolawl, Mabwaith Hengrys o Iâl, Llywelyn ap Ho wrneth, Gwilym Ddu o Arfon, Dafydd Bach ap Madoc Gwladaidd, Llygad Gwr, Daniel Llosgwrn Marw (sic), Dafydd Eppynt, Ieuan Brydydd Hir, Bleuddyn ap Ieuan Hen, Hywel Ystorun, Ierwerth Fynglwyd, Rhys Nanmor, Hywel ab Bleuddyn Mathew, Owain y Bardd 'o Wynedd', and Huw Arwystli (pp. 51-56); a list of the commissioners in whose presence the 'eisteddfod' was held at Caerwys in 1567, and of the poets and musicians who were granted licences at the said 'eisteddfod' (pp. 56-59); a list of bards present at, and notes relating to, an 'eisteddfod' held at Bala [co. Merioneth] in 1740 (p. 60); an extract relating to the code of rules for Welsh bards and musicians allegedly compiled in the time of Gruffudd ap Cynan (p. 61); and transcripts of two sequences of 'englynion' (six and five respectively) allegedly written by Siôn Prichard Prys at an 'eisteddfod' held at Bala in 1680 with the object of enlisting the aid of the bishop of Bangor and Sir Roger Mostyn in an attempt to obtain a [royal] patent for holding an 'eisteddfod' (pp. 62-64). The greater part of the contents of the remainder of the volume consists of transcripts of Welsh poems in strict and free metres, including poems by, or attributed to, [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' himself, Ieuan Tir Iarll 'sef John Bradford o'r Bettws ym Morganwg', Daf. Nicolas, William Hopkin, Daf. o'r Nant, Llywelyn ab Ifan, Siôn Hywel, Thomas Evan, 'Telynor o'r Drenewydd Nottais ym Morganwg', Morgan Pywel, Gwilym Tew (or Owain ap Rhydderch, or Ieuan ab Rhydderch), Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys, Gronwy William, Hywel Llwyd 'o Lancarfan', Wil. Tabwr, Dafydd Nicolas 'o Aberpergwm', Lewys William 'o Ferthyr Tydfyl', Thomas Williams, William Llywelyn, and Wm. Sanders 'o Landocheu'. The free-metre verse includes the words of songs written to specified airs. Other items in the volume include observations ?by Edward Williams after reading certain criticisms of John Hughes: An Essay on the Ancient and Present State of the Welsh Language [London, 1823] (pp. 113-114); notes on Welsh bardism (pp. 161-165); notes headed 'Etymologies that point out the origin and progress of civilization' (p. 167); extracts from Hugh Thomas: An Introduction to the British History [?London, ?1730] (pp. 169-171); a few Welsh triads and proverbs (pp. 227-228); a list of Welsh proverbs heard in Glamorganshire by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' arranged in alphabetical order according to the initial letter (incomplete, A-G only) (pp. 231-240); advisory or proverbial sayings attributed to Taliesin, Cattwn ddoeth, and Meugant (pp. 243-2444); a list of the ten commandments of St. Paul described as '. . . dengair deddf Pawl Sant y rhai a gafas efe o ben Iesu Grist . . .' (see John Williams: Barddas . . ., Vol. I, pp. 288-9) (p. 247); a list of Latin words commencing with the letter v with English meanings and Welsh ?derivatives (pp. 253-254); and (interspersed amongst other items), miscellaneous Welsh proverbs (pp. 241-end). In three instances the blank verso and margins of copies of a printed handbill (English) containing proposals, 1793, for publishing The Celtic Remains (vol. I by Lewis Morris, vol. II by Walter Davies) and of a printed handbill (Welsh) announcing an 'eisteddfod' to be held at Caerwys in 1798 under the patronage of the Gwyneddigion Society have been used for writing notes. A few loose leaves (pp. 261-268) have been placed in an archival envelope.

Bardism,

A volume of notes in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bearing the inscription 'History of the British Bards. Common Place Book. No. IV. By Edward Williams . . .' on the 'title-page'. Pp. 2- 11, 32-61, 70-103, 112-25 contain the text of an essay on various schools of Welsh poetry which, under the title 'History of the British Bards' and with the subtitles 'Primitive School', 'School of Taliesin', and 'School of Gruffudd ap Cynan alias of Glynn Achlach', was subsequently published in The Cambrian Journal, 1858, pp. 161-9, ibid., 1859, pp. 10-29, 132-41, 241-55, and ibid., 1860, pp. 7-21. Pp. 12-24 contain extracts from, and abstracts of sections of, two letters from Sharon Turner to the Reverend John Brand as secretary of the Society of Antiquaries which, under the headings 'An Inquiry respecting the early use of rhime . . .' and 'A further inquiry respecting the early use of rhime ...', were published in Archaeologia or Miscellaneous Tracts relating to Antiquity, vol. XIV, 1803, pp. 168-204. These extracts, etc., were published in The Cambrian Journal, 1858, pp. 353-63 being inserted there as a section of the aforementioned essay entitled 'History of the British Bards'. Pp. 26-7, 62-5, 126-31, 192- 203, 232-3 (each page headed 'Alphabet Bards. Allusions to') contain couplets or longer extracts from the works of Welsh poets, these apparently being presumed to contain references to the bardic practice of writing on wooden surfaces using the special alphabet allegedly used by the Welsh bards (see the preceding manuscript No. 13107B) or words and phrases whose metaphorical use reflected such a practice. The contents of other pages include p. 28 (headed 'Hu Gadarn'), two couplets of Welsh verse relating to Hu [Gadarn]; pp. 66-9 (each page headed 'Bards Discipline Miscellaneous'), extracts from the works of Welsh poets, etc., relating mainly to the bards of Tir Iarll; pp. 104-05, notes under the page headings 'Preface to the History of the Bards, Collections for' ( these notes also appear in The Cambrian Journal, 1860, pp. 10-11, as part of the abovementioned essay on the Welsh bards although they obviously do not form part of the narrative of the text of that essay); pp. 132-6 (each page headed 'Schools of Welsh Poetry [Primitive School]'), further observations relating to the primitive school of Welsh poets, its survival in Glamorgan until the seventeenth century, and the foundation of a new school of poets beginning with Rhys Goch ap Riccert, circa 1130, 'in the Silurian district of Wales'; pp. 137-43, blank except for page headings as in pp. 132-6; pp. 150-51, each page headed 'Ossian', otherwise blank; pp. 180-83 (each page headed 'Alliteration'), a note on the definition of the word alliteration, an analysis of an example of alliteration in English verse, examples of its use in 'Caedmon's Paraphrase on Genesis', and a brief note on its use by Saxon poets and its introduction into Welsh poetry; pp. 204-15, each page headed 'Institutes and customs alluded to', otherwise blank; pp. 216-23 (each page headed 'Mythologies'), a triad relating to the proper name Menw on p. 216, otherwise blank; and pp. 240- 41, each page headed 'Inquiries Miscellaneous', otherwise blank. On a 'fly- leaf' at the beginning of the volume are sketches of five musical instruments surrounded by a number of circles containing the names of grades of Welsh bards and musicians extracted 'from a MS. in the Havod Library, 1790'.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Geirfau, etc.,

Miscellaneous papers containing notes, extracts, transcripts, lists, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. Pp. 9-62, 68-73, 76- 90, 107-48, 213-20 and various other pages in the volume contain miscellaneous Welsh word lists frequently, but not invariably, with English definitions and illustrative excerpts from the works of Welsh poets. Other items include pp. 63-5, an incomplete 'Cornish - Silurian vocabulary' (words beginning with letter A only); 75, a comparative word list with the superscription 'Peculiarities of the Silurian and Venedotian dialects'; 93-106, a list of popular proverbial and figurative expressions or phrases in Welsh (see IM, t. 389); 149-50, 157-63, lists of Latin proper names, common nouns, etc., largely connected with ancient Gaul; 153- 6, 165-208, a French - English vocabulary with Welsh cognates of the French words; 221-30, a Cornish - English vocabulary with the superscription 'Borlace Vocabulary' [probably transcribed from, or based upon, the vocabulary to be found in William Borlase: Antiquities, Historical and Monumental, of the County of Cornwall . . . (1754, 2nd ed. 1769)], with Welsh cognates of the Cornish words; 236, 'Some Names of Rivers in Glamorganshire'; 237, a copy of a poem attributed to Taliesin; 240, notes headed 'Names of Mountains'; 241-2, notes headed 'Appelative Name of Watter', and 'Proper Names of Rivers'; 251-8, a collection of Welsh proverbs arranged alphabetically according to the initial letter (incomplete, G-Y only); 260-61, a Welsh poem by Edward Williams; 262, a list of 'Silurian words agreeing with Armoric'; 273-4, two lists with the headings 'Books and MSS. useful towards the History of Cardiff', and 'Hints and Materials for the History of Cardiff' respectively; 281-2, a copy of a thirty-eight stanza anti-Puritan poem entitled 'Cân i Ladron Morganwg' attributed to 'Jenkin Rhichards o Flaenau Gwent' and dated 1646 (for an assessment of the historical evidence presented in this poem see Thomas Richards: A History of the Puritan Movement in Wales (London, 1920), p. 211, and the same author's Religious Developments in Wales, 1654-1662 ( London, 1923), pp. 191-4, and for doubts as to its authenticity IM, tt. 254-63); 283-4, a transcript of a letter from [the Reverend] Edw[ar]d Gamage [from St. Athan] to Llywelyn [ab Ifan] 'o'r Cannerw', undated (replying to a request for the names of books for the study of the Welsh language, observations on differences between the dialects of Glamorgan and North Wales, a suggestion that a scholarly, bardic language be formed from the best elements in all regional dialects) (for a holograph copy of a letter from Edward Gamage to Llywelyn ab Ifan see NLW MS 13077B and for transcripts by Edward Williams of letters from, or allegedly from, Gamage to the same recipient in addition to the present example see NLW MSS 13095B, 13100B; for observations on these letters and the dubious authenticity of the Williams transcripts see IMCY, tt. 58-60, TLLM, tt. 107, 195, and IM, tt. 245-6); 285, a copy of an 'englyn' descriptive of a silkworm and 'composed of vowels'; 291, an incomplete transcript of [Thomas] Gray's 'Ode on the Pleasure arising from Vicissitude'; 295-8, a chronicle of events in British-Welsh history, 1076-1110; 299-300, notes on the Welsh bardic order with references to [James] Macpherson's theories about the druids and bards and a comment on his Fingal poem; 302, extracts from the Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure, 1768; 303-04, a transcript of [Taliesin's poem] 'Gwaith Argoed Llwyfain' with an English translation thereof by W[illia]m Whitehead (see Edward Jones: Musical and Poetical Relicks of the Welsh Bards . . . (1784), pp. 5-6); 307-10, an English translation of the title-page of Theophilus Evans: Drych y Prif Oesoedd . . ., ail arg. [1740], and of pp. 107-10 of the text of the work; 315-16, a copy of a letter from 'Christopher Crabstick', servant of Mr. Windham [Thomas Wyndham of Dunraven Castle, co. Glamorgan], to Captain Wind[s]or [Captain Thomas Windsor, R.N.), undated (a satirical attack on recipient's decision to offer himself as a candidate in the parliamentary election for the county of Glamorgan [?1789]); 323, draft copies of an election song to accompany the preceding item; 317-20, brief notes on the topography, agriculture, mineral wealth, etc., of the three main divisions of Glamorgan; 321-2, an advertisement for a proposed history of the town of Cardiff and lordship of Glamorgan; 326, a copy of the proposed title- page of Edward Williams's intended 'History of the Ancient British Bards or Druids' to be published in 1795; 327-30, notes on Welsh poetic metres ('Am gysefin ansawdd y mesurau') and on bardic ceremonial ('defodau . . . wrth gynnal gorsedd'); 333-4, prose items with the superscriptions 'Casbethau serchog', 'Llyma lythr anfon serch o waith D.G. o lyfr Ovydd', 'Dewisbethau serchog o lyfr Ofydd', and 'Casbethau Eiddig'; 335-6 two sequences of stanzas (twenty-one and twenty-four respectively) of Welsh prophetic verse with each stanza commencing with the words 'Coronog faban . . .', the first sequence being taken, with revised orthography, from Thomas Pugh: Brittish and Out-landish Prophesies . . . (London, 1658) [pp- 47-51, 37-8] (for the text of both sequences see Iolo Manuscripts . . ., pp. 276-82); 337-8, an incomplete copy of a Welsh poem describing the county of Glamorgan, its towns, etc. (for the missing portion, i.e., stanzas 1-30, see Iolo Aneurin Williams MS 97 in the National Library of Wales); 339-40 transcripts of two 'cywyddau' attributed to Ieuan ap Hywel Swrdwal and Gruff. ap Ieuan ap Llywelyn Fychan; 341-2, a transcript of a letter in Welsh from the poet Gronw Owen from Donnington, co. Salop, to William Elias, 1751 (for the text of this letter and notes on problems relating thereto see J. H. Davies (ed.): The Letters of Goronwy Owen . . . (Cardiff, 1924), pp. 3-4, 203-04); 343-5 medical maxims in Welsh; and 347-8, transcripts of 'englynion' by Wm. Llyn, H[uw] Llyn, and Edward Morris. Also included are miscellaneous notes on bardic, literary, and historical matters, etc.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Gramadeg y beirdd, etc.,

A composite volume containing miscellaneous transcripts, extracts, notes, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Pp. 1-60 contain a copy of the medieval Welsh metrical treatise or bardic grammar which is usually attributed to Einion Offeiriad and/or Dafydd Ddu o Hiraddug. In the present version which, according to a note on p. 61, was transcribed [by Edward Williams] from manuscript texts then in the possession of Mr. [Thomas] Richards of Llangrallo [co. Glamorgan] and the Reverend Thomas Evans of Brechfa [co. Carmarthen], the work is, however, attributed to Edern Dafod Aur. For the probable source of the present text, subsequent transcripts made of it, its attribution (probably by Edward Williams) to Edern Dafod Aur, and its connection with the version published in John Williams ('Ab Ithel'): Dosparth Edeyrn Davod Aur . . . (Llandovery, 1856), see the introduction to G. J. Williams ac E. J. Jones (gol.) : Gramadegau' r Penceirddiaid (Caerdydd, 1934), p. xv, and J. Morris-Jones: 'Dosbarth Edern Dafod Aur', The Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, 1923 4, pp. 1-28. The other items in the volume include pp. 61-70, variant readings of the text of the above-mentioned treatise to be found in the two manuscript sources noted; 85-6, notes on Welsh poetic metres and on an 'eisteddfod' reputedly held at Marchwiail, co. Denbigh, circa 1350 or later in the fourteenth century; 87-8, a list of the contents of pp. 89-247 (previously paginated 1-161); 89-110, a version of the statute or code of rules for regulating the training and conduct of Welsh bards and musicians usually associated with the name of Gruffudd ap Cynan and here associated with the names of the said Gruffudd and Bleddyn ap Cynfyn ('. . . o Lyfr . . . Mr. Wiliam Wiliams o Landegai yn Arfon'); 110-13, notes on an 'eisteddfod' held by invitation of Rhys ap Gruffudd, lord of Dinefwr, at Cardigan (from the same source as the preceding item); 113-17, another shorter version of the above-mentioned statute with notes of subsequent confirmations by Rhys ap Tewdwr and his grandson Rhys ap Gruffudd ('O Lyfr Hywel Rhys o'r Faenor'); 118, a sketch plan showing the ? respective positions of the different grades of bards and musicians at an 'eisteddfod' and sketches of some musical instruments ('O Lyfr Hafod Ychtryd ysgrifen John Jones o'r Gelli Lyfdy'); 119-23, a further version of the abovementioned statute as reputedly confirmed at an 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys [co. Flint], 1568 ('O Lyfr Mr. Cobb o Gaer Dydd'); 124-44, a treatise on Welsh poetic metres with the superscription 'Llyma Gyfarwyddyd Ar Fesurau Cerdd Dafawd a dynnwyd allan o Lyfrau Simwnt Fychan Bencerdd ag eraill . . .' and with a concluding note '. . . A myfi Wiliam Philip o'r Hendre Fechan yn Ardudwy a'i tynnais allan o waith yr awduron gorchestol a fuant o'm blaen . . .', transcribed from 'un o Lyfrau Mr. Cobb o Gaer Dydd yn . . . 1782'; 145-53, a further version of the statute of Gruffudd ap Cynan as confirmed at an 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys in 1524 (recte 1523), with a list of bards and musicians licensed at the said 'eisteddfod', transcribed 'o No. 65, P.P., Yswain, Plas Newydd ym Môn' (i.e ., from Panton MS 65, now NLW MS 2031, of which see pp. 200-12] (see also NLW MS 13099B); 153-60, a list of the twenty-four Welsh strict poetic metres with illustrative examples [? transcribed from the aforementioned Panton MS 65, pp. 186-93] (see also NLW MS 13099B); 160- 64, notes on, and lists of, Welsh musical measures, etc., transcribed 'o Lyfr No. 65 Plas Newydd ym Môn' [i.e. Panton MS 65, of which see pp. 194- 200] (see also NLW MS 13099B); 164-70, anecdotes relating to Dafydd ap Edmwnt and the 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen [circa 1450] in the presence of Gruffudd ap Nicolas (according to the superscription 'Ex Vol. XVII, P.P. Plas Newydd, Môn' [i.e. Panton MS.17 now NLW MS 1986A], but, according to a note on p. 170, copied from an old manuscript at Plas Newydd and compared with versions in another manuscript there and a manuscript in the Hengwrt Library in the hand of J[ohn] Jones of Gelli Lyfdy [this last possibly now Peniarth MS 267 in the National Library]); 171-94, an account of the revision of the regulations relating to the Welsh bards and musicians, the rules of 'cynghanedd', and the twenty-four strict metres undertaken in connection with, or at, the aforementioned 'eisteddfod' held by Gruffudd ap Nicolas at Carmarthen, anecdotes relating to Dafydd ap Edmwnd and the said 'eisteddfod', etc., taken 'O Lyfr Iago ab Dewi yn awr gan Mr. Thomas Evans o Frechfa' (for the text of pp. 171-94 see Y Greal . . ., 1805-1806, tt. 49-61, 97-103, 151-4, and for an evaluation of the contents G. J. Williams: 'Eisteddfod Caerfyrddin', Y Llenor, cyf. V, tt. 94-5; see also IMCY, tt. 86-95); 195-9, further anecdotes relating to Dafydd ap Edmwnd and the aforesaid 'eisteddfod' at Carmarthen and an 'eisteddfod' at Nant Gonwy, notes relating to the date of the 'eisteddfod' at Carmarthen, a list of four 'eisteddfodau' held at Carmarthen, Abermarlas, and Castell Gweblai, 1452-1486, etc.; 201-35, a version of the treatise on Welsh bardic craft published by William Midleton in 1593 [Bardhoniaeth neu brydydhiaeth y llyfr kyntaf . . . ( Llundain, 1593)] with additions and variations, which are probably to be attributed to Edward Williams himself, inserted in, or appended to, the text of the original treatise (see the introduction to G. J. Williams (gol .): Barddoniaeth neu Brydyddiaeth gan Wiliam Midleton . . . (Caerdydd, 1930), more particularly tt. 42-4); 235-40, further notes on Welsh poetic metres; and 241-6, further notes relating to two 'eisteddfodau' held at Carmarthen, ?1451 and ?1461.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Letters addressed to W. J. Roberts,

Letters, 1854-1910, mainly addressed to W. J. Roberts ('Gwilym Cowlyd') relating to the Geirionydd bardic festivals, bardic matters in general, Gorsedd ceremonies and vestments, and bibliography.

Letters from 'Nefydd Aled', 1877; the Marquis of Anglesey, 1887; 'Machraeth Môn', 1896-1897; Charles Ashton, 1888; R. S. Bartlett, Redditch, 1886; Andrew Jones Brereton ('Andreas o Fôn'); Lord Carrington, 1897; Ernest A. Chattock, Oxford; H. Cotton, Lismore, 1868; F. Children, 1888; 'Cyfanwy', 1877-1886; D. Myrddin Davies, Brynmawr, 1897; Cadwaladr Davies, 1894; John Davies, Ystalyfera, 1862; J. Davies, Four Crosses, 1877; John Davies ('Taliesin Hiraethog'), 1892; John Owen, bishop of St Davids, 1897; J. P. Davis ('Roualeyn'), 1894; Morris Davies, Bangor, 1862; Owen Davies ('Eos Llechyd'), 1862; Thomas Essile Davies ('Dewi Wyn o Essyllt'), Pontypridd, 1881; Joseph Eaton, 1862; John Edwards ('Caswallon'), 1880; 'Caerwysion', 1887; R. Ellis ('Cynddelw'); G. E. Mason, 1867-1868; David Evans ('Dewi Haran'), 1884; 'Joseph o Golwyn', 1877; John Evans, Llansantffraid, near Conway, 1861; D. Silvan Evans, 1872-1890, J. H. Evans, Trefriw, 1878; Owen Evans, Aberystwyth, 1897; Thomas Prichard Evans, Ystradmynach, 1865; E. Vincent Evans, 1895; William Evans ('Monwyson'), 1865.

Letters from John Felix, Llansantffraid, Conway, 1877; E. Foulks, Holyhead, 1864; Francis Fry, 1866; Thomas Gee, 1888; Mrs. H. S. Gough, Caer-hun, 1899; Richard Parry ('Gwalchmai'), Llandudno, 1865; 'Gwallawg'; Griffith & Allard, Llanrwst, 1887; David Griffith ('Clwydfardd'), Abergele, 1877; Robert Griffiths, Manchester, 1889-1898; D. R. Griffith ('Granvillefab)', 1878; C. T. Haycock, London, 1880, John Higson, Manchester, 1891; D. Howell, St Asaph, 1897; J. Ceiriog Hughes, 1868-1877; H. Gwynedd Hughes, 1883; R. O. Hughes ('Elfyn'); Robert Hughes, Llanddoget, 1886; William Hughes ('Alaw Manod'), 1888; H. Hughes, Llanrwst, J. Humphrey, ('Ieuan Seion'), 1901-1904.

Letters from John Jones ('Talhaiarn'), 1861-1869; Aneurin Jones ('Aneurin Fardd'), 1862, Charles Jones, Conway, 1878; Evan Jones ('Ieuan Ionawr'), 1872; Evan Doged Jones, 1861-1875; David Jones ('Dewi Arfon'), 1865; Griffith Jones ('Glan Menai'), 1877; Hugh Jones, Llanrwst, 1900; Humphrey Jones ('Bryfdir'); W. Jones, Cyffdy, 1878; 'Elidirfab', 1877; W. Arthur Jones, 1896; Thomas Jones, Llanengan, 1861; J. Jones ('Dwdan'), 1891-1901; John Emlyn Jones; J. D. Jones, Ruthin, 1867; J. R. Jones ('Ogwenydd'), 1874, 1896; N. M. Jones ('Cymro Gwyllt'), 1878; O. Gethin Jones, 1878; Owen Wynne Jones ('Glasynys'), 1861; John Owen ('Owen Alaw'), 1861; Richard Jones Blaen y Cae, 1873; Robert Isaac Jones ('Alltud Eifion'), 1872; Robert Jones ('Trebor Aled'), 1897-1900.

Letters from I. Gwrhyd Lewis, Tonyrefail, 1904; Lewis William Lewis ('Llew Llwyfo'); Richard Davies ('Tafolog'), 1877; Edward Lovett, Croydon, 1898; Peter McIntyre ('Pedr Alban'), 1894; D. J. Mackey, 1887; W. Morgan ('Penfro'), 1877-1904; Owen Morgan ('Morien'), 1883; Hugh Morris, Corwen, 1884 (referring to the illness of Dewi Havhesp), Morris Owen, Llanfyllin, 1861-1864; O. G. Owen ('Alafon'), 1898.

Letters from E. G. B. Phillimore, 1883-1894; Joseph Parry, 1878; T. C. Phillips, Abercarn, 1887; John Peter, Bala, 1872; Richard Parry ('Gwalchmai') 1861; Robert Parry ('Robyn Ddu Eryri'), 1862; W. Parry ('Llechidon'), 1884; Henry Parry, Pwllheli, 1861; Ellis Pierce ('Elis o'r Nant'), 1878-1898; Thomas Powel, 1886; Thomas Price, Aberdare, 1861; John Pughe, Towyn, 1861; William Rees ('Gwilym Hiraethog'), 1878; Jonathan Reynolds ('Nathan Dyfed'), 1880; John Rhys, Oxford, 1882; 'Rhuddfryn', 1873; John Richards ('Isalaw'), 1895; Edward Roberts ('Iorwerth Glan Aled'), 1862; H. Beaver Roberts, Bangor, 1896; Albert Roberts, harpist, 1889; Ellis Roberts, Llangwm, 1879; John Roberts, Builth, 1884; John Roberts ('Telynor Cymru'), 1886; John Roberts, M.P., 1878; J. Bryn Roberts, Bangor, 1887; John Ll. Roberts, Llanrwst, 1907; J. L. Roberts ('Telynor Maldwyn'), 1900; John Roberts, Tyddyn Wilim, 1854; R. P. Roberts ('Morianydd'), 1883; William Jarrett Roberts, Caernarvon; Daniel Rowlands, Bangor, 1890.

Letters from Edw[ard] Smart, Northop, 1886; John Thomas ('Eifionydd'), 1883; R. Athron Thomas, 1897; 'Teilo', 1861; Ebenezer Thomas ('Eben Fardd'), 1861; T. H. Thomas ('Arlunydd Pen-y-garn'), 1895-1899; W. Thomas, Llandyssul, 1861; J. C. Williams ('Ceulanydd'), 1880; J. Titley Williams, 1897; H. M. Williams ('Machno'), 1885-1895; Lucas Williams, London, 1890; Owen Williams, Waunfawr, 1865; Owen Williams, Rhyl, 1886; R. Williams, ('Eos y Berth'), 1882; W[illia]m Venables Williams, Colwyn Bay, 1888; J. Wilson, Birmingham, 1903; M. Williams, Llanrhyddlad Rectory, 1862; Ellis Roberts ('Elis Wyn o Wyrfai'), 1877; H. J. Williams ('Plenydd') 1910; Robert Williams Liverpool, 1864; William Thomas ('Islwyn'), 1875; W. Morgan Williams ('Fferyllfardd'), 1875; Robert Isaac Jones ('Alltud Eifion'), 1887; William Roberts, Trefriw, 1862.

Letters to Sir Richard Colt Hoare

  • NLW MS 15257D.
  • File
  • 1804-1806

Nineteen letters, 1804-1806, to Sir Richard Colt Hoare, mostly concerning antiquities in Brecknockshire and elsewhere in Wales, as well as Shropshire and Cheshire, and mostly relating to Hoare's research for his Itinerary of Archbishop Baldwin Through Wales, A.D. 1188, by Giraldus de Barri …, 2 vols (London, 1806) (ff. 1-34).
The correspondents include Walter Davies (Gwallter Mechain), 1 November 1804 (ff. 1-2), R[ichard] Fenton, 1805 (ff. 3-11), Theophilus Jones, [?1805] (ff. 16-17), William Owen [Pughe], 1805-1806 (ff. 18-23), and [the Rev.] Henry [Thomas] Payne, 1804-1805 (ff. 24-34). The letters also include a sketch map of possible Roman remains near Llanymynech, Montgomeryshire (f. 2); a transcript of a Latin document of 1295/6 relating to Shrawardine Castle (f. 15); and translations into English by William Owen [Pughe] of part of an ode and englynion by Cynddelw (f. 19 verso, 20-21). Also included are further notes by William Owen [Pughe] on Bardic lore and Cynddelw (ff. 35-47) and by Henry Thomas Payne on Giraldus Cambrensis (ff. 48-49).

Letters, vol. II,

A volume made up of about two hundred and twenty items of correspondence, etc., 1784-1806, 1833, and undated, with one or two later items, nearly all addressed to William Owen [-Pughe]. The correspondents are: pp. 231, 377, 649, Joseph Allen, 'Teacher of the Mathematics', Pembroke, and 'at Richard Mathias' Esqr., Hayston hill near Johnston, Pembrokeshire', 1790-1802 (3) (the addressee's dictionary, etc., he (J.A.) is engaged by Mr. Wilmott, bookseller at Pembroke, to compile a history of co. Pembroke); p. 457, [?Carl Gottlieb] Anton, Goerliz, [17]96 (1) (delay in receiving his letter, philology, etc.); p. 573, J[oseph] G[urney] Bevan, 1799 (1) (his preference for the term 'Cyfaill' rather than 'Carodawr' for 'Quaker', (?) E. Pugh's Annerch ir Cymru); pp. 765, 777, Wm. Bingley, Christchurch, Hants., 1803 (2) (requesting English translations of the names of Welsh tunes, the second volume of Mr. [?Edward] Jones's work, what he must combat in his own new publication on N[orth] Wales); p. 37, B. Bishop, [London] 1806 (1) (a message from Mr. Chandless); p. 443, John Brand, Secretary of the Society of Antiquaries, 1796 (1) (an acknowledgement); pp. 81, 87, 439, 445, 479, 507, 519, 525, 555, 637, 685, 689, 741, 755, 761, Geo[rge] Chalmers, Office for Trade, etc., 1796-1805 and undated (15) (invitations, queries, Mr. Davies's Report on the Agriculture of Wales, the death of [John] Owen, re a catalogue of Lord Macclesfield's Welsh MSS., Mr. [Sharon] Turner's Vindication of the old poets); p. 539, Ja: Chalmers [London], 1798 (1) (enclosing a letter from Mr. Dalley to his uncle [?George Chalmers]); p. 51, (?)Tho. Chandless, Brighton, 1806 (1) (legal matters); p. 465, Edwd. Charles, n.d. (1, to Thomas Roberts, Poultry) (mention of Y Geirgrawn, the name Llwynrhudol is in his view incorrect); p. 3, [Thos. Charles], Bala, 1806 (1) (one or two errata in the book of Isaiah, mention of the ABC and the spelling-book, an order for ink); pp. 595, 601, 655, 659, 667, 679, 693, 697, 701, 705, 709, 723, Wm. Coxe, Bemerton, etc., 1799-1802 and undated (12) (requesting the addressee's observations on an inscription in the church of Usk, British etymologies, he has thoughts of printing Richard of Cirencester's 'Account of the Antient State of Britain', his answer to Pinkerton); pp. 15, 63, 119, Wm. Cunnington, Heytesbury, 1806 (3) (Abury and Stonehenge, a meteor, tumuli); p. 563, J. Dalley, Custom House, 1798 (1, to Geo[rge] Chalmers) (re creeks and ports); pp. 281, 295, 299, 407 (see 581 for continuation), 503, 511, 529, 551, 589, 623 and add. i, Edwd. Davies, Sodbury and Olveston, 1792-1799 (11) (his determination to attempt something for the elucidation of the ancient bards, his views with regard to the 24 metres, mention of the addressee's dictionary and the proposed work [Myvyrian Archaiology], the bardic alphabet, etc.); pp. 7, 271, Hugh Davies, Aber and Beaumares, 1791 and 1806 (2) (the addressee's Welsh Botanologium, subscribers' names, an outline of another letter); p. 329, Reit [Reynold] Davies, Streatham, 1793 (1) (it is impossible for him to attend the meeting,at Primrose Hill); p. 415, W[alter] Davies ['Gwallter Mechain'], All Souls [Oxford], 1795 (1) (the Cambrian Register, etc.); (continued)

p. 769, David Davis, Neath, 1803 (1) (mention of Edward Williams ['Iolo Morganwg'], gratitude for attention during his stay in London, re a Greek inscription, items of poetry in a manuscript of his father's, a report that Owen Myfyr is very ill); p. 333, [John Disney], Knightsbridge, 1793 (1, to the Reverend Dr. [John] Williams, Sydenham) (his readiness to sign the usual certificate in favour of Wm. Owen to the Society of Antiquaries and a comment); p. 235, [John Edwards] 'Sion Ceiriog' [London], 1790 (1) (an unsuccessful search, requesting the return of a poem); p. 259, Thomas Edwards, 'A subscriber to your Dictionary', Ruthin, 1791 (1), i.e. 'Twm o'r Nant' (sending an 'englyn' said to have been engraved on the tomb (in America) of Madoc son of Owen Gwynedd); p. 106, G[eorge] Ellis, [London], n.d. (i) (returning the addressee's Mabinogion and requesting the return of his own abstract of Marie's lays, his reason for being anxious for the early appearance of the work [i.e. the Mabinogion]); p. 315, [John Evans] 'Ieuan ab Ivan', Baltimore, 1792 (1) (his arrival in Baltimore, etc. (a translation in the autograph of William Owen [-Pughe])); add. ii, Samuel Eyre, Bristol, 1833 (1) (the case of Mr. Foley, mention of Joanna [Southcott], Mrs. Townley); pp. 207, 211, R[ichar]d Fenton, Beaumaris and Aberllefenny, 1789 (2) (his hurried departure from London, the Gododin, D: Gwilim, etc.); p. 59, Ann Field, 1805 (1) (a prophetic dream); pp. 575, 593, 605, 615, Edmund Fry, Type Street [London], 1799 (4) (the Pantographia); pp. 47, 67, 71, Samuel Greatheed, London and Newport Pagnel, 1806 (3) (his philological studies, his health); p. 43, J. W. Griffith, Garn, 1806 (1) (financial matters); pp. 39, 91, 669, 713, Wm. Gunn, Irstead near Norwich, 1802-1806 (4) (an answer from Rome (?) requesting Tysilio, mention of his friend Zoega, queries, re Firmail, Mr. Lloyd (North Walsham) and his translations, etc.); pp. 673, (?) 717, 733, 737, G[eorge] Hardinge, [London] 1802 (3 and notes on Hindustani and Persian words) (mention of Henley and Davies, etc.); p. 55, Charles Herbert, (Watchfield House, Faringdon), n.d. (1) (a translation attempted from Davidd [sic] ap Gwilym); p. 113, R[ichard] C[olt] Hoare, Stourhead, n. d. (1) (his Giraldus, re prevailing upon Owen Jones to sit for his portrait, recommending Mr. Woodforde, Great Marlborough Street); p. 11, Jno. Hughes, Denbigh, [1806] (1) (Mr. Lewis Pughe left no will, Mr. [? J. W.] Griffith's request); p. 381, M. Hughes, Treveka, 1793 (1) (see under M. J. Rhees); p. 675, [ ] Hunt, 1802 (1) (he must defer his visit, the reason for this); p. 663, Robt. Jamieson, Macclesfield School, 1802 (1) (a request for romantic tales, ballads, etc., a vacancy for a writing-master at Macclesfield Free Grammar School); p. 85, Mrs. Jenkinson [London], n.d. (1, to Mr. Harper) (requesting him to call); pp. 517, 569, 585, 613, 631, T[homas] Johnes, Hafod, 1798-1799 (5) (Sebright MSS., his wish to have his 'A Cardiganshire Land Lord's advice to his Tenants' printed in Welsh and English to give to his tenants only, a stay of about three weeks by E[dward] Williams ['Iolo Morganwg'], re having to sell some of his land); p. 534, Ben Jones 'on the Monanghela', 1797 (1, to his brother, the late Dr. Jones of Hammersmith) (re Welsh Indians, extract only); pp. 203, 215, Edwd. Jones ['Bardd y Brenin'], Broughton Hall near Lechlade, Oxfordshire, and Cardiff, 1789 (2) (requests and instructions); p. 645, Hugh Jones 'late of Maes-y-glasau near Mallwyd, Merionethshire' (London], 1802 (1) (an advertisement for some small (Welsh) works he intends for publication); p. 749, John Jones, Ramoth, 1803 (1) (inquiring about the last part of the addressee's dictionary, his birthplace, the addressee's reply to T. Parry of Chester, mention of a pamphlet and a collection of Psalms and Hymns); p. 109, Jno. Jones, Shipston on Stour, 1806 (1) (acknowledging a parcel containing a copy of a manuscript music book and a printed copy of the Welsh School music book); add. iv, [Morris Jones] 'Meurig Idris', Manafon, 1842 (1, to Aneurin Owen) ('Cywydd Deuair At Aneurin Owen, Ysw.'); pp. 101, 753, Owen Jones, 'Myvyr', 1803-1804 (2) (remarks concerning a certain printer, etc.); pp. 175, 177, The[ophilu]s Jones, Brecon and Neath, 1803 (2) (acknowledging a letter, 'Edward the eccentric' [i.e. 'Iolo Morganwg']); p. 199, Thos. Jones, 'Y Bardd Cloff', London, 1789 (1) (sending poetry addressed to William Owen [-Pughe]); (continued)

p. 277, Thomas Jones, Llantisilio or Llandysilio, 1791 (1) (re the additions to Dr. Davies's dictionary which are in the possession of Mr. Lloyd of Plas-power); p. 499, Thomas Jones, Llanrhaiadr, 1793 (1) (desiring the addressee to direct a line to the Bardd-Glas in answer to his 'cywydd', mention of having received a letter from the editor of the Welsh Magazine); pp. 219, 287, 431, Will: Jones, 'Gwilym Cadfan', Llangadfan, 1790-1793 (3) (names of subscribers to the dictionary, the attitude of the English towards the Welsh, emigration, how to safeguard the old Welsh writings, Mr. Ed[war]d Jones's loss, etc.); p. 25, Wm. Jones, Marshal, King's Bench, 1806 (1) (re money due to the writer's late brother from the late Mr. Pugh of Blaene); pp. 523, 609, the Earl of Leicester, President of the Society of Antiquaries, 1798-1799 (2) (printed notice of an election, an address); p. 535, Llewelyn Lloyd [Holywell postmark], n.d. (1) (wishing the undertaking [?the Myvyrian Archaiology] every success, reference to the tardiness of the bards in bringing in their productions); pp. 739, 773, Richd. Llwyd, Beaumaris and Chester, 1802 and undated (2) (mention of a storm, the writer is talked of in the Monthly Mirror, December [1801]. introducing a Mr. Jones); p. 745, the Earl of Macclesfield, Sherborn Castle, 1803 (1, to George Chalmers) (replying to a letter, the period when he can receive Mr. Owen [i.e. William Owen-Pughe] at Sherborn); p. 79, [?Robert] Macfarlan, Shakespeare Printing Office, Pall Mall, 1804 (1) (re procuring the Bard's poems); add. iii, Will[iam] Aug[ustus] Miles, Assistant Commissioner of the Hand Loom enquiry, n.d. (1, to Aneurin Owen) (suggestions concerning their proposed caravan expedition [in Wales]); p. 449, Huw Morus, n.d. (1) (the inscription on a stone pillar in the parish of Clocaenog); p. 77, William Murrell, Captain and Adjutant, C[lerkenwell] L[oyal] V[olunteer] I[nfantry ], 1804 (1) (printed notice concerning an inspection); p. 577, J[ane] Owen, St. Athan, 1799 (1) (asking him to call on her father for her £15, Owen is determined to emigrate to America) with a postscript from J[ohn] Owen; p. 683, R. Owen (brother) at Dolgelley, 1802 (1) (mention of Dr. Roberts, Mr. Herbert, etc., he begins to get tired of the mountains); pp. 223, 241, 245, 273, 285, 325, 403, 411, Paul Panton, Plasgwyn and Holywell, 1790-1795 (8) (a transcript of part of a letter from the Reverend Rd. Davies, Holywell, subscribers' names, the Madawgwys [sic], extracts from Wynn of Gwydir letters re Dr. Thomas Wiliems's dictionary, mention of Mr. Williams of Treffos, David Thomas, 'Dafydd Ddu Eryri', a copy of a letter from the Reverend John Williams, Llanrwst, etc.); pp. 253, 515, 547, 559, Paul Panton, Junr., Plasgwyn, 1791 and 1798 (4) (mention of [Thomas] Jones, Llantysilio (see p. 277), re Evan Evans's MSS, a copy of a letter from Paul Panton the younger to Thomas [Percy], bishop of Dromore, and of the bishop's reply); p. 399, Henry Parry, Holywell, 1794 (1) (questions from Mr. Pennant (enclosure wanting), a request from Mr. Panton); pp. 127, 239, 249, 263, 269, 369, 395, Tho[mas] Pennant, Downing, 1789-1794 (6 and a list of subscribers (to the dictionary) addressed to Thomas Pennant) (various requests, wishing to know the extent of the plan about the Padoucas); p. 365, J. Phillips, King's Bench Prison, [17]93 (1) (the Welsh Indians, the travels of a person named Lawrence); p. 357, Jams. Phillips, George Yard, Lombard Street [London], 1793 (1) (Bardism and Quakerism); p. 471, R[ichard] Phillips [London], [17]97 (an invitation); p. 759, Wm. Phillips, York Hosp[ita]l, 1803 (1) (re a transaction with Mr. Leamond); p. 597, Wm. Phillips [printer], n.d. (1) (Dr. Hawes wishes the addressee to attend the anniversary dinner of the Humane Society in return for a favour conferred, the writer requests the return of the copy of Pugh's Salutation); pp. 19, 21, 227, J[ohn] W[illiam] Prisiart (John Williams), Plasybrain [Anglesey], 1790 and 1806 (3) (the dictionary, mention of Jonathan son of Jonathan Hughes the Poet, Joanna [Southcott], Y Greal, the ancestry of Sir William Jones, etc.); pp. 337, 371, 387, Rice Pughe, Blaeney, 1793 (3) (re accommodation for Mrs. Owen and Aneurin, the writer and the living of Dolgelley, etc.); p. 107, W[illiam] O[wen-Pughe], 1806 (2) (drafts of two letters re satisfying the Income Tax Commissioners); pp. 341, 361, 375, 381, 461 (incomplete), 487, 495, Morgn. J. Rhees (Rees, Rhys), Trevecka and Philadelphia, 1793-1797 (7) (see G. J. Williams, 'Letters of Morgan John Rhys to William Owen [-Pughe]', in The National Library of Wales Journal, II, pp. 131-41); (continued)

p. 491, W[illiam] Richards, New Castle Emlyn, 1797 (1) (a report that the Madogwys had been discovered, the addressee's dictionary, his own English and Welsh pocket dictionary); pp. 707, 711, Gr[iffith] Roberts, senr., Dolgelley, 1802 (2) (the addressee's brother, the non-arrival of the ear syringes); p. 599, J[ohn] Roberts (Stadhampton), Jes: Coll. [Oxford], 1799 (1) (his wish to keep the Welsh treatise a little longer, the W[elsh] Bible is not yet out of the press); pp. 435, 475, 483, [Rev.] Peter Roberts, Eton, 1795 and 1797 (3) (returning a book, mention of Mr. [Edward] Williams, re Welsh music); p. 75, Rob. Roberts [London], n. d. (1) (sending a paper for printing (enclosure wanting)); p. 123, Thos. Roberts, Llwynrhudol, Poultry [London], 1806 (1) (hoping Mr. Jos[ep]h Roberts's account of the Madogion and his own letter would not be left out of the Greal, mention of a letter from the 'Grealwyr'); p. 103, Richd. Sargent, [?London], 1804 (1) (re Mr. Harman and a warrant of attorney); p. 641, Wm. Slade, Shrewsbury, 1799 (1, to Edmund Fry) (Coelbren y Beirdd); pp. 29, 31, Joanna Southcott, 1806 (2) (an invitation, etc.); p. 469, Robert Southey, 1797 (1) (a query concerning the court of Owain Cyveilioc); pp. 267, 307, 321, 427, David Thomas ['Dafydd Ddu Eryri'], Bangor, Waunfawr, Plas gwyn, and Amlwch, 1791-1795 (4) ('Y Sillafydd', Edward Barnes's pirated edition of the 'awdl' on Liberty ('Rhyddid'), travels in North Wales, errata in the 'awdlau', mention of an 'eisteddfod', renewing his request concerning some translated specimens of the Gododin, the new orthography, etc.); p. 33, J. Thomas, Sec[retar]y to the Ancient Britons, Welsh Charity School, 1806 (1) (the Society needs someone to answer the Bishops in the responses of the prayers on St. David's Day); p. 99, Sh[aro] n Turner, 1805 (1) (he is obliged to be absent that night); pp. 131, 135, 137, 141, 145, 149, 153, 157, 161, 165, 169, 173, 181, 185, 187, 191, 195, Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', Flimston, etc., 1797-1806 and undated (17) (mention of a survey of co. Glamorgan for the Board of Agriculture, the French landing on the Welsh coast, he has almost finished his translation into Welsh of the Bishop of Landaff's Apology for the Bible ('Gair ymhlaid Y Bible'), literary matters, etc.); p. 117, E[van] Williams [Strand], 1806 (1) (an invitation to meet a learned bard from the Severn side); pp. 543, 567, Hen[ry] Williams, Llangattock Place near Abergavenny, 1798 (2) (giving his own name and that of the Reverend Henry Payne as subscribers [to the Myvyrian Archaiology]); pp. 257, 291, 303, 345, 349, 417, 421, 425, 453, 729, J[ohn] Williams, Sydenham, etc., 1791-1796 (10) (doubts about the propriety of meeting on Primrose Hill, the Welsh Indians, mention of the death of Ffranki dywyll); p. 227, John Williams, Plasybrain, 1790 (1) (see under J. W. Prisiart); pp. 391, 635, Robert Williams, Jes[us] Col[lege, Oxford] and Llandidno [sic], Conway, 1794 and [17]99 (2) (an illness, re sending 'Delw'r Byd' as described in Llyvyr - Coç, the business of applying for one of the legacies for married clergy under the will of the late Absalom Evans of Cowley, co. Middlesex, esq.); and pp. 317, (?) 353, 383, T. W. Wrighte, Secretary of the Society of Antiquaries, [London], 1793 (3) (acknowledging books, the addressee's election as a Fellow). Other items are the following: pp. 1727, notices, one dated 1784, the other blank, of meetings of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, London; p. 311, an appeal, 1792, for assistance and support in connection with resolutions proposed and adopted at a meeting of the [Liverpool] Cymrydorion [sic] Society, 9 August 1792; p. 619, a printed statement issued by the friends of Lord Lewisham, 1799, in connection with the ensuing election for the presidency of the Society of Antiquaries; and p. 653, a copy of the inscription on a marble monument in Llanaran [sic] church, co. Glamorgan, to Rees Powell, esq., Elizabeth, his wife, and other members of the family. Some of the signatures to the letters were cut out by William Owen-Pughe himself and sent to one Rd. Humphreys for his autograph collection.

Llythyrau,

A volume made up of about two hundred and ten items of correspondence, 1809-1810 and 1823-1825, nearly all addressed to William Owen Pughe. Some of the letters had been cut out before pagination. Where the date is not given in the ensuing description the letters belong to the period 1823-1825. The correspondents are: pp. 461, 465, The Earl of Aberdeen, President, Society of Antiquaries of London (2) (printed notices); pp. 347, 649, 667, 683, 709, 713, Chas. V. Barnard, Islington (6) (personal and business matters, he is sorry he betrayed the secret); p. 725, Archdeacon Thos. Beynon, Llandeilo-fawr (1) (sending copies of Cerddi . . . ar y Gwanwyn (1825), with draft reply); pp. 395, 623, C[harles] Broster, N[orth] W[ales] Gazette Office, Bangor (2) (re accounts); p. 745, Nich[ola]s Carlisle, Secretary of the Society of Antiquaries (1) (the Society's thanks for the addressee's exhibition of a gold torque discovered near Cader Idris in 1823); p. 11, Tho. Chandless [London], 1810 (1) (re the writer's property in Wales); p. 63, [?Joseph Davies], 'Ioseb ab Dewi', Llynlleiviad [Liverpool] (1) (he has not yet decided what to do); pp. 173, 479, Thomas Edward, [London] (2) (acquainting him of Mr. [David] Davis (Wullt[sic])'s illness, asking him to call upon the Reverend D. Owen at Spa Fields Chapel house); pp. 165, 335, 381, 501, 671, Thos. Edwards ['Caerfallwch'], [London] (5) (he has attempted to translate Bishop Porteus's poem on 'Death', a short holiday in Southend, urging the addressee to begin an English-Welsh Dictionary, mention of various individuals); pp. 77, 103, 111, 115, 149, J[ames] Evans , [London] (5) (sending a letter received from James Hughes ['Iago Trichrug'], matters connected with the Cymmrodorion, etc.); p. 535, E[len] Fenton (daughter) (1) (mention of crops, farming stock, a narrow escape from drowning, etc.); pp. 163, 301, J[ohn] Fenton (son-in-law), Tan y Gyrt and Segrwyd [nr. Denbigh] (2) (references to members of the writer's family, requesting a Welsh translation of Heber's words 'Brightest and best of the sons of the morning', expenditure at Segrwyd); pp. 475, 663, Thos. P. Foley, Oldswinford (2, one in part to [C. V.] Barnard) (acknowledging the safe arrival of the four cases and S.W. [? Sealed Writings], a visit to Mr. Kynnersleys in Staffordshire); p. 641, R. Fox, Hawk-stone [Shrewsbury postmark] (1) (arrangements if the addressee could come there); pp. 87, 193, Job Walden Hammer, Lincoln's Inn (2) (requesting an English translation of an ode to Sir Thos. Hanmer by William Lleyn, reference to the removal of the books of the Society of Cymmrodorion from the Welsh School to the Freemasons [?Hall]); p. 169, William Hammer, [London] (1) (requesting a copy and a translation of an ancient MS in the Cymmrodorion Collection relating to Sir Thos. Hammer and also information re Karwed); p. 383, H[ugh] Hughes, Engraver, Caermarthen [sic] (1) (anxiety about a manuscript left at the addressee's house); p. 249, H. Hughes, Tysoe Street [London] (1) (apologising for not being at hand when the addressee called, mention of (printing) types and of 'his disagreeable affair'); p. 521, a printed sheet containing a list of articles which could be supplied by H. Hughes, Bookseller and Stationer, No. 15, St. Martin-le-Grand, London; pp. 85, 107, 123, 273, 387, 391, James Hughes, 'Iago Trichrug', Deptford (6, one to J[ames] Evans, Secretary of the Metropolitan Cambrian Institution) (mention of Mel Awen [by Peter Jones, 'Pedr Fardd'], his return home after a journey lasting sixteen weeks, he has translated [Robert] Blair's poem 'The Grave', sending 'englynion' for the addressee to look over, the writer's circumstances, reference to bringing two letters from [Sign Wiliam Prisiart], Plas y Brain, and to the death of David [Davis], Macclesfield Street, Thomas Jones, Liverpool, would like to have his 'awdl' back if possible); p. 573 (ending on 571), Eliza Jones [artist], Foley Place [London] (1) (the very liberal conduct of the addressee and Mr. [John] Jones, ['Tegid'] and the very elegant present); pp. 179, 419, 463, 467, 495, 503, 585, 589, 595, 621, Griffith Jones, 36 Threadneedle Street [London] (10, including circulars) (matters in connection with the Cymmrodorion, etc.); pp. 81, 145, 399, 497, 517, 563, 721, John Jones, 'Tegid', Ch[rist] Ch[urch], Oxford (7, the last including a note to Henry Morrell) (his appointment to the precentorship, mention of a visit from Mr. Wifen [sic], the translator of Tasso, literary matters, he has requested a Miss Jones to take the addressee's likeness, Welsh orthography, a transcript of part of a letter from the Reverend Rowland Williams of Meivod, re acknowledging Miss Jones for her trouble, mention of their friend [B. R.] Perkins, the melancholy fate of J. H. Parry, introducing Mr. Manse], a student of Christ Church, the living of Dolgelley, the writer is to succeed to the mastership of Ch[rist] Ch[urch] School); (continued)

pp. 7, 19, 37, Owen Jones, Myvyr, London, 1810 (3) (financial matters, mention of Tyddyn Tudur); p. 175, R. Humphreys Jones, Ruthin (1) ( sending the rules of the Ruthin Welsh Literary Society) (enclosure wanting ); pp. 67, 89, 167, 233, 297, 593, 603, Tho[mas] Jones, ['Y Bardd Cloff'], Long Acre (7) (invitations, mention of poetical compositions); p. 319, Mr . [ ] Landseer, n.d. (1) (a request for facts, chiefly dates, concerning the late Mr. [William] Sharp, engraver, for a biographical memoir for the European Magazine); p. 733, Mr. and Mrs. Lawledge, Pentonville (1) (an invitation); pp. 485, 607, William Leathart, [London] (2) (requesting a Welsh translation of an announcement concerning 'Society of Undeb Cymry', with William Owen Pughe's translation, the writer's intention to publish a collection of 'Pennillion' [sic]); pp. 245, 275, 431, John Lloyd, Brompton and Knightsbridge, probably one and the same person, (3) (repaying an old debt, his circumstances, mention of a connection with Plas Llandyfrydog, Anglesey, acknowledging a gift of books, a request concerning testimonials, reference to the death of [David] Davies, Macclesfield Street, Soho); p. 675, Angharad Llwyd, Caerwys (1) (rejoicing at the appointment of the addressee's son, an invitation to the addressee); pp. 79, 645, R[ichard] Llwyd, Caer Lleon (Chester) (2) (Angharad Llwyd's anxiety about her essay, two events produced by the death of [J. H.] Parry, Branwen's urn); p. 507, W. Marchant [printer, London] (1) (anxiety about the Transactions (of the Cymmrodorion); p. 617, R. J. Maurice, Greenwich (1) (the safe arrival of the writer's mother and family from Wales); pp. 3, 33, Samuel R. Meyrick, Chelsea, 1809-1810 (2) (queries, mention of a Nennius manuscript in the Heralds College, the vexation caused by the excess of typographical error in the History of Cardiganshire, the spiteful behaviour of [Evan] Williams the stationer in the Strand); pp. 59, 293, 367, R[ichard] Newcome, Ruthin (3) (requesting copies of poems on Dr. Gabriel Goodman); p. 127, Geo. Nightingale, London (1) (requesting information about Col[one]l Wm Tooke Harwood); pp. 15, 39, 43, 47, T[homas] H[inton] B[urley] Oldfield, [London], 1809-1810 (4) (entreating a continuation of the addressee's assistance in the work he is preparing for the press and thanking him for his valuable communications); pp. 267, 577, The Princess Olive of Cumberland (2) (she wishes to see the addressee); pp. 91, 141, 161, 269, 283, 289, 305, 315, 331, 371, 421, 491, 538, 637, 741, Aneurin Owen (son), Nantglyn, etc (15) (an account of a journey from London, crops, financial matters, the recovery of the boat on Llyn Cau near Talyllyn, the finding of a gold torque in a turbary at the foot of Cader Idris by the son of the rector of Dolgellau while shooting, replying to an enquiry about Hughes the wood engraver's book [cf. letter from H[ugh] Hughes, p. 383], mention of a magic lantern, an air ('Llwyd y gwrych'), reference to Capt. Tuck and to the addressee's unfortunate affair, visits to Nannau and Bodtalog and to see Mr. Jeffreys of Glan dyvi' s house, estate matters, Mr. Humphreys Parry's application to Col. Vaughan for permission to examine the library at Hengwrt, the death of J. Humph[r] ies Parry, hoping the addressee will not neglect to apply for Parry's post for himself or for the writer, asking about Joanna's mission (after the death of Jane Townley), mention of [Robert] Roberts, Caergybi (Holyhead), Elen and Fenton, Evan William, a noted [Merioneth] penillion singer, etc.); Isabella Owen, see under Isabella Owen Pughe; pp. 265, 481, 533, Owen Owen (brother), London (3) (invitations, mention of Mr. (?)Donthovon); p. 509, Anna Maria Parry, [London] (1) (the death of her brother John [i.e. J. H. Parry]); pp. 209, 237, 343, John Parry, 26 Oxford St. [London] (3) (re the late Edward Jones's books and manuscripts, with a note to Parry from [Samuel] Sotheby, the Cymmrodorion); pp. 71, 205, 213, 225, 253, 279, 429, 455, John H[umffreys] Parry, [London] (8) (matters in connection with the Cymmrodorion, including the Transactions, reference to having to accompany Mrs. Parry into the country (Llanvyllin) on account of her father's serious illness); pp. 95, 137, 375, Benjamin] R. Perkins, Oxford and [London] (3) (queries in connection with Antoninus's Itinerary); pp. 257, 259, S[iôn] W[iliam] Prisiart, Plasybrain (2) (the addressee's letter to him has miscarried, wishing him well in his intention to publish a new (shortened) edition of the Dictionary, the new order at Plasgwyn, developments in Anglesey, entreating a letter); (continued)

pp. 73, 131, 157, 327, 351, 409, 439, 447, 559, William Probert, Walmsley Chapel (9) (mention of his work [The Ancient Laws of Cambria], references to Robert Dunn and others, an invitation, why he used the terms Cambrian and Cambria, questions about the bardic alphabet, criticizing Telyn Dewi, requesting information about the prize medal awarded to him at the annual meeting of the Cymmrodorion in London for the best essay on Welsh pedigrees, how he attended the Powys Eisteddfod [September, 1824] on the first day, [J. H.] Parry's death, he is delighted to find that Mr. Hughes has cast a fount of bardic types, commending the decision of the Cymmrodorion to engrave the addressee's 'ardeb'); pp. 119, 413, 443, 525, 529, 539, 551, 613 (Postscript on 611), 631, 653, 658 (ending on 681), 659, 677, 691, 697, Edward Protheroe, Gaddesden and London, etc. (15) (his wish to see the addressee, mention of Welsh genealogical manuscripts, Mr. Murray and the addressee's translation of the Mabinogion, Mr. Rees's answer, criticism of the drawings); pp. 93, 287, 423, 492, 744, Isabella Owen Pughe (daughter) (5) (family matters, etc., celebrations and a fatality in Denbigh); p. 727, [William Owen Pughe ], Tan y Gyrt (1, draft reply to Archdeacon Thomas Beynon); p. 451, Richard Rees, 14 Percy Street [London] (1) (asking him to vote for Henry Woollcombe at the next meeting of the Antiquarian Society); pp. 543, 627, W. J. Rees, Cascob nr. Presteign [sic] (2) (the appeal following the death of [J. H. Parry], re safeguarding the papers probably left by him, he understands that Edward Jones's books fetched high prices, the writer's transcript of a treatise on the Lordships Marchers of Wales, mention of [John] Jenkins of Kerry); p. 425, J[ohn?] Roberts, Limehouse (1) (they are building a vessel to be called 'Carnbre Castle' and would like a figure of a Druid for the head [i.e. figure-head]); pp. 457, 547, Rob[ert] Roberts, Caergybi (2) (two requests, one for a certificate or a petition for Judith Williams, widow of the Reverend William Williams, curate of Llanelian, Anglesey, the other for specimens of paper from two (London) firms, he has a press ready to begin work on 1 May [1824], sending an almanac and also Eurgrawn Mon together with a packet for Dr. Fry); p. 29, Robt. Roy, Fulham, 1810 (1) (acknowledging receipt of a letter and a draft for £50, the addressee's nephew, Master Phillips, continues with him); pp. 403, 417, Robt. Roy Junr., Fulham (2) (acknowledging for his father the receipt of two, (5 notes); p. 55, H. V. Salusbury, Offley, Hitchin (1) (his utter ignorance of Sanscrit prevents his being of any assistance to the addressee in his philological enquiries, interest in Welsh, mention of a little essay); p. 363, Edward Scott [London] (1) (a lady [? Eliza Jones] has promised to catch the addressee); p. 581, G. Smith, for Mr. Marchant, Ingram Court [London] (1) (sending a list (enclosure wanting) showing the deficiencies of the fount of long primer cast to the addressee's order by Mr. Hughes); p. 344, Mr. [Samuel] Sotheby, 3 Wellington Street, Strand (1, to John Parry) (requesting Mr. Parry to catalogue the late bard [Edward] Jones's Welsh manuscripts on poetry, &c.); pp. 321, 355, Willm. Tassie, [London] (2) (a request for some good Welsh mottoes and devices for seals, mention of Mr. Goodman Roberts); p. 729, William Thomson, Shoreditch (1) (offering to accommodate some books for the addressee); p. 99, Jane Townley (1, addressed to Mr. Page, Westburn Green, Paddington) (she has just learnt that Mr. Troup will dine there the following day, requesting the addressee to come in the morning); p. 737, Rd. Greaves Townley (1) (acknowledging receipt of the pictures of Mr. Greaves formerly in the possession of the writer's late aunt, Jane Townley, mention of a drawing of Dr. Glyn); pp. 25, 185, 229, 405, 459, C. T[uck?] (5) (mention of having seen the addressee's mother and of hearing from her of the death of Miss Sampson [1810], re making enquiries in a dog shop, Mrs. Tuck's disorder, the writer owes nearly £12 to Mary); pp. 135, 201, 217, 221, 263, 307, 311, 323, 359, 393, 555, 599, 635, 703, 705, 717, John Tuck, Kennington Cross, etc. (16) replying to a query about John Wilks [sic], enclosing [a dream of Mary Batchelor's, see p. 241], the writer's dog 'Dash', his sister, Mary, mention of [Jane] Townley, Trupe, an interview with a Mr. Jones, etc.); p. 197, H[annah?] Walters, [London] (1) (it had been Col. Hughes's intention to call on the addressee concerning H. W.'s intended publication, a message from him); p. 153, Elizabeth William, Ruthin (1) (she has sent poultry and mutton, her wish to know at what price she could obtain a good pianoforte for the use of her daughters); p. 51, Edwd. Williams, grocer, Denbigh, 1810 (1) (arrangements in connection with the funeral of the writer's father-in-law [? Thomas Edwards, 'Twm o'r Nant']; pp. 53, 189, 471, 513, E[van] Williams, Strand, [London] (4, one dated 1810) (wishing to know what the addressee has done or means to do in the small dictionary, mention of their friend Roberts and of the Welsh School and the addressee's kinsman Phillips, the sale of Edward Jones's books, etc.); p. 435, Evan Williams, Vron Deg, Bangor (1) (acknowledging the gift of Coll Gwynfa, mention of his essay on the subject 'O Dduw y mae pob peth' [? under the pseudonym 'Idwal'], his family connections); pp. 243, 339, Fred. Lake Williams (2, one written from Pontelow Court near Newent, Gloucestershire) (asking the addressee to sign a fresh memorial to the Trustees of the British Museum, the former one having been spoiled, the work he is to do for Mr. E. Williams, his circumstances and state of health, imploring the addressee to see Mr. E. Williams and represent his situation to him); pp. 251, 377, Lewis Williams, Dolgelley (2) (re the addressee's crown rent acquittances); p. 567, Marg[are]t Williams, [Rotherhith[e] postmark] (1) (acknowledging his letter announcing the death of [Jane] Townley, she intends to return to Bideford); and p. 687, ?T. O. [ ] St. John, N[ew] B[runswick] (1) he does not know what to do next or how to act, the Governor cannot do anything for him, if he had a little money he might cultivate his farm, his obligation to [Jane] Townley for the £100).

Madog and the discovery of America; Welsh Indians; etc.,

Miscellaneous papers and a ? note-book of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents include pp. 28-62, an essay or article entitled 'Some Account of an Ancient Welsh Colony in America' containing an introductory section on the discovery of America by the Welsh prince, Madog, in the late twelfth century, and copious evidence collected by the writer from oral, manuscript, and printed sources concerning the existence in North America of 'Welsh Indians' who spoke the Welsh language (for Edward Williams's interest in Madog and the 'Welsh Indians' see David Williams: 'John Evans's Strange Journey', The American Historical Review, vol. LIV, Nos. 2-3, and The Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, 1948, pp. 105-46, and Richard Deacon: Madoc and the Discovery of America . . . (London, 1967 ), more particularly pp. 56-60, 131-6); 64-82, another 'version' of the aforementioned essay or article; 85-118, miscellaneous notes, extracts from printed sources, etc., relating largely to Madog, the Welsh Indians, and the Nootka area [? of Vancouver Island]; 119-29, a variant or draft version of the essay which, under the title 'A Short Review of the Present State of Welsh Manuscripts', appeared as the preface to The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales . . . (London, 1801); 176, a list of bridges in Glamorganshire; 189-91, transcripts of series of rhyming sayings attributed to Taliesin ('Geiriau Gwir Taliesin', 'Cynghor Taliesin i Afaon ei fab'), a three-stanza English poem, and two 'englynion' attributed to Siôn Rhydderch; 199-200, extracts from the [ ] County Herald, 31 December 1796 and 7 January 1797, relating to the extreme cold in London and areas in Kent, etc.; 217 + 224, thirteen stanzas of a Welsh poem on Glamorganshire (? incomplete); 223, the first two stanzas of an incomplete Welsh poem ? on Monmouthshire; 225-33, a transcript of a 'Calendar of Flora' (January-October); 237 42 and possibly 243-52, notes on the philosophical and religious ideas of the British bards or druids; 253-4, further notes relating to the bardic or druidic order; 256-7, a copy of an eleven-point plan for establishing a colony of Welsh emigrants in America on land 'near the Mississippi between the Ohio and Illenois'; and 259, a sketch plan of 'the Hustings and Booths at the General Election, Com. Glam. 1820', drawn on the blank verso of a folded copy of a printed election pamphlet containing a letter, 7 March 1820, from 'Rhys ap Thomas' to Sir Christopher Cole, one of the candidates in the parliamentary election for the Glamorgan county seat. Also included are miscellaneous lists of Welsh words and other miscellanea, these in some instances being written on the blank verso or in the margins, etc., of copies of printed proposals for publishing Edward Williams's volumes of English verse Poems Lyric and Pastoral, copies of a printed circular dated 16 August 1820 in which Taliesin Williams appealed to Unitarian ministers to contribute towards the fund for completing the erection of a Unitarian chapel in Merthyr Tydfil, an autograph letter from Messrs. Johnson, Prichard, and Johnson, Bristol, to Mr. Hopkins, Bridgend, 1815 (a business appointment), and a transcript (probably not in the hand of Edward Williams) of an English poem by ? Thomas Redwood.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers containing notes, lists, transcripts, extracts, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents include pp. 13-39, copies of ten tales or fables in Welsh, nine bearing the titles 'Dammeg y Dial', 'Dameg y Ceiliog Rhedyn a'r Moryn', 'Dammeg y Dylluan, y golomen, a'r ystlym', 'Dameg y geifr, y Defaid, a'r bleiddiaid', 'Dameg y march gwyllt', 'Dammeg yr Eos a'r hebog', 'Dammeg Cenfigen yn Llosgi ei hun', 'Dammeg y Gwr a'r [Ebol]', and 'Dammeg Meredydd ap Rhosser o Lanbedr a'r Fro am gastell Tre Warin', and the tenth telling the story of Tanwyn, the son of Trahaearn, the bard (for the Welsh text of nine of these see Iolo Manuscripts . . ., pp. 167-84, and for English translations ibid., pp. 577-96); 38, brief notes with the superscription 'On the affinity of the ancient Gallic or Celtic with the Modern British', being presumably the introduction to a proposed essay or article on the said subject; 43-8, sketches ? in connection with the construction of a 'wheel oared boat'; 49- 64, 66, 68-96, 136-7, genealogical and other data relating to British saints some allegedly extracted from the manuscripts of Tho[mas] Truman, Iaean Deulwyn, Iaean Brechfa, Antoni Pywel, and Watkyn Owen; 65, a collection of miscellaneous Welsh words with English definitions, etc.; 66, ten stanzas of Welsh verse by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' attacking [Owen Jones] 'Owain Myfyr'; 67, a short list of Welsh triads; 97, an extract from the Gent[leman's] Mag[azine], 1780, relating to the cultivation of a new kind of wheat; 98, lists of pre-Saxon archbishops of London and early bishops of Llandaff; 99, notes on English history temp. Richard II - temp. Henry VII; loo, a list of the kings of Wales, A.D. 181- 517; 101, three draft stanzas of religious verse [? by Edward Williams]; 102, an incomplete, ? draft copy of a letter relating to Cattwg Sant and 'proverbs, moral aphorisms, etc., attributed to him'; 110, a Welsh-English list of species of apples; 111, a list with the superscription 'Llyma enwau wyth Esgobion Cymry Cyn dwyn o Saeson goreuon eu gwlad oddiar y Cymry'; 124, a list of 'Churches in Glam[organ which] are not generally called by the names of saints'; 131 + 133, an incomplete list of the names of those who had founded churches in Glamorgan ('Enwau y Rai a wnaethant Eglwysydd a Chorau ym Morganwg') (see Iolo Manuscripts . . ., pp. 219-22, 635-8); 155-74, 183-4, 187, 197, 203, notes relating to the special alphabets which, according to Edward Williams, were in use amongst the Welsh bards and monks, the four-sided billets of wood used as a writing surface when these two alphabets were used, the 'peithynen' (the name given to a series of such billets inserted in an upright frame so as to allow each to be rotated), the mythological account of the origin of letters and the basic alphabet, the acquisition and development of the alphabet by the Cymry, the use of wood as a writing surface in Wales in the Middle Ages, etc.; 166, four stanzas of English verse being doxologies written by Edward Williams in 'long metre', 'common metre', 'short metre', and the 'metre of Psalm 148'; 175-6, a copy (probably not in the hand of Edward Williams) of the assessment for poor rate in [the parish of] Lantwit Major [co. Glamorgan], 1753-1754; 180, 182, 194, 200, 205-08, 211, miscellaneous notes on bardic and literary matters; 181, a transcript of the beginning of a text of 'Brut y Brenhinedd'; 185-6, an incomplete ? copy of a letter from Edward Williams to John Nichols, esq., containing a description of an accompanying example of a 'peithynen' (see above), a note on the word 'peithynen', observations on the connection between Latin and Welsh, brief comments on Edward Llwyd and Doctor [John] Davies [of Mallwyd] and their knowledge of the Welsh language, etc.; 189-92, a list in Welsh of twenty-two of the basic principles or regulations of the bards of the Isle of Britain ('Defodau a Breiniau Beirdd Ynys Prydain') with an English version of the first twelve; 198, five stanzas of a Welsh hymn; 215-116, brief notes relating to the administration of justice in Glamorgan, 12th-16th cent.; 2117, an anecdote relating to Sir Risiart Grinvil [Norman knight, 1st half 12th cent.], the bringing of the builder Lalys ? from Rome to Glamorgan by the said Sir Risiart, and the building of the monastery at Glyn Nedd, the church of Llandaff, and castles at Caerdyf, y Coetty, San Dunwyd, etc., and the founding of Trelalys by the said Lalys; 218, an anecdote relating to [the Norman knight] Syr Rhobert Fitshamon and Ifor Bach, lord of Regoes and Glynrhondda; and miscellaneous notes, etc. The reverse side of printed handbills containing proposals for publishing Edward Williams's two - volume work Poems Lyric and Pastoral and a new edition of Dr. [Samuel] Johnson's Dictionary have been used in two instances for writing notes.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers and note-books containing notes, extracts, transcripts, lists, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents of pp. 53-60, 73, 75, 86-9, 91, 143-206, 209-17, 233-8, and 279-90 consist mainly of lists or groups of Welsh words and phrases sometimes with English definitions and/or illustrative excerpts from the works of Welsh poets. Some of these lists or groups contain words extracted from one source such as poems by, or attributed to, Taliesin, or to be found in 'The Book of Taliesin', John Bunyan: Taith y Pererin, William Wotton: Cyfreithieu Hywel Dda . . . (London, 1730), etc. P. 13 is inscribed 'Glynn Papers 1821. Customs of the Manor of the Lordship of Coity Wallia. From a Copy in the Hand Writing of Richard Jenkins, Esqr., of Hensol Castle, Glamorgan, 1714', and is followed (pp. 17-27) by an incomplete copy of the presentments of a jury of survey for the lordship and manor of Coyty Wallia aforesaid [co. Glamorgan], 1631 [/2]. Other items in the volume include pp. 33-6, anecdotes relating to the brothers Richard and William Twrch and the building of the chapel (1586) and the porch (1600) at Bewper [ co. Glamorgan], with references to Inigo Jones (see also NLW MS. 13089E above); 37-41, a copy of Sir Walter Scott's 'Hymn to Christopher North, Esqr.' transcribed from Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, April 1821; 45-9, notes relating to the ruins of a ?Roman 'glass and pottery manufactory' near Caer Rhun [co. Caernarvon], and to nature in the languages and literatures of Wales and England; 69-71, a transcript of the answers to a questionnaire relating to the parish of Llantrithyd [co. Glamorgan]; 72, stanzas of ?two Welsh hymns; 83-4, notes on differences in the use of the verb in the Welsh of North and South Wales; 107-10, notes relating to the Welsh bardic tradition, more particularly the use of triads by the bards, with examples of such bardic triads and English translations; 112, a list of the persons (?commissioners) in whose presence the 'eisteddfod' was held at Caerwys [co. Flint] in 1565 (sic) and of the bards and musicians who were licensed at the said 'eisteddfod'; 113-34, ?extracts from [Paul Henri] Mallet: Northern Antiquities . . . [? the translation from the French by Thomas Percy, London, 1770] and [Joseph] Ritson: A Select Collection of English Songs (1783); 135-41, draft proposals for publishing a multi-volume work containing essays on aspects of Welsh literature, history, bardism, etc., with transcripts of, or extracts from, original Welsh documents and manuscripts relating thereto and English translations of the original source material (see Prospectus of Collections for a New History of Wales in Six Volumes . . . by Edward Williams (Carmarthen, 1819 )); 142, a note on the aims of 'Cymreigyddion Deheubarth, a Corresponding Literary (Philological) Society of South] W[ales]' and a list of six rules headed 'Unitarian Discipline and Polity'; 207-08, a list of Latin words, mainly common nouns, commencing with the letter v with English definitions and, occasionally, Welsh ? derivatives; 221, suggestions by E[dward] Williams re the cultivation of vineyards in Britain; 225-32, miscellaneous horticultural notes ('A New Method of propagating trees', 'A new . . . method of raising Cowcumbers', 'To ripen Grapes'), etc., extracted mainly from the Weekly Miscellany, [Philip] Miller: The Gardener's Dictionary . . ., and Ra[lph] Austen: A Treatise of Fruit Trees . . . ; (continued)

239-46, extracts ? from letters of L[ewis] Morris and a commonplace book of R[obert] Vaughan of Hengwrt relating to matters of Welsh etymological, bardic, and antiquarian interest, with comments, sometimes severely critical of the opinions expressed by Morris and Vaughan, added presumably by Edward Williams ('ignorance . . . inconsistency … willful lies, a complete triad of Lewis Morris' grand accomplishments', 'the abominable falshoods of Robert Vaughan'); 247 + 250, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Jenkin Richards and a note on Richards's religious attitudes (written on the blank margins, etc., of an incomplete copy of printed proposals, 1792, by [Sir] Herbert Croft for publishing a new edition of Dr . [Samuel] Johnson's Dictionary); 251-66, miscellaneous items including a list of the 'Names of Constellations in Wales', two notes relating to the bard Iolo [Goch], a note on a volume containing prophesies by various bards 'collected by Mr. Ellis Wynne of Las Ynys', ? an extract from a letter from W[illia]m Wynne to L[ewis] Mor[ris] relating to an ode by Goronwy [Owen] and his use of the 'Cadwyn fyr' measure, an extract from a letter from Edw[ar]d Llwyd to Robert Davies at Llannerch [co. Flint] referring to glass beads which may have been 'Roman or referable to our glain Neidr', an extract from a letter from R[ober]t Vaughan of Hengwrt to Archbishop Usher relating to the different yokes used in yoking oxen in Wales, a critical comment ? by Edward Williams on the opinions of Lewis Morris and [Robert] Vaughan of Hengwrt with regard to the story of Brutus, a brief note on 'The Cantref Breiniol' and the 'saith cantref' of Morganwg, an extract from a letter on the subject of freemasonry published in the Gentleman's Magazine, September 1794, lists of 'Y chwebeth a wnaeth i'r Brytaniaid golli anrhydedd ei Pendefigaeth', 'Meibion Cynfarch', 'Rhyfeddodau Ynys Prydain', 'Geiriau Gwir Taliesin', and 'Deuddeg pwnc cas gan Grist . . .', versions of the Lord's Prayer in Welsh, transcripts of four 'englynion' attributed to Huw Caerog, Huw Llyn, Hugh Pennant, and Wiliam Cynwal, and headed 'Englynion Eisteddfod Caerwys', extracts from various Welsh poems, etc.; 267-78, a fourteen point 'Outline of a Plan for a Complete and Superb History of the County of Glamorgan Sketched by Edward Williams, 1806'; 293 + 296, a memorandum of a proclamation, 1795, of a bardic meeting to be held at Pen Bryn Owain, co. Glamorgan, in 1796; 294-5, notes on Hywel Siôn of Brofeisgyn [co. Glamorgan] (2nd half 17th cent.) and 'Yr Hen Saphin' of Pen y bont ar Ogwr [co. Glamorgan] (? early 18th cent.), to both of whom many proverbial or popular sayings were attributed, and comments on the use of proverbs by the Welsh (? part of an introduction to a proposed collection of Welsh proverbs); 301-08, a copy of the introduction, the letter to the reader, and the notes on Arthur and his knights to be found at the beginning of Lewys Dwnn's volume of pedigrees of the families of cos. Carmarthen, Pembroke, and Cardigan (see S. R. Meyrick (ed.): Heraldic Visitations of Wales . . . by Lewys Dwnn . . . (Llandovery, 1846), pp. 7-10); and 309, a list of 'Grammars in the possession of E. Williams' (? 'Iolo Morganwg').

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume (pp. 1-540 with two pages not numbered) containing miscellaneous notes, lists, transcripts, extracts, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents include pp. 1-20, an account of the revision of the regulations relating to the craft and conduct of Welsh bards and musicians, the rules of 'cynghanedd', and the twenty-four strict poetic metres undertaken in connection with, or at, the 'eisteddfod' held under the patronage of Gruffudd ap Nicolas at Carmarthen [circa 1450], anecdotes relating to Dafydd ap Edmwnd and the said 'eisteddfod', etc., the greater part of the material being allegedly extracted 'O Lyfr Iago ab Dewi yn awr gan Mr. Thomas Evans o Frechfa, 1799' (this is the same account, etc., as that which is found in NLW MS 13096B, pp. 171-95, for which see above); 21-2, biographical and other notes on Sir Robert ab Amon, lord of Glamorgan [late 11th cent.], and his brother Richard; 23-4, notes on the Reverend Samuel Williams and his son the Reverend Moses Williams, a list of 'eisteddfodau' held at Carmarthen, Aber Marlas, and Castell Gweblai, 1452-1486, an anecdote relating to the poet Dafydd ab Edmwnd, a transcript of two 'englynion' by, or attributed to, the said poet, etc.; 25-7, extracts from the manuscript copy of the 'Lib[er] Land[avensis]' in Jesus College [Oxford, i.e., Jesus College MS 20]; 28-9, lists headed 'Names of some Constellations of Fixed Stars peculiar to the Britons', and 'Some Constellations in Glamorgan'; 33-7, a version of the Welsh legend of the birth of Taliesin (see The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales . . . (London, 1801), vol. I, pp. 17-19); 38, Welsh verse attributed to Morys ab Ieuan ab Eigyn and Lewys Morys; 39, a list of the names of early Welsh bards ('Hen Brydyddion a fuant gynt yng Nghymru'); 40, a transcript of 'englynion' ? attributed to Twm ab Han ab Rhys; 41-54, a series of twenty Welsh fables relating to birds and animals with the superscription 'O Lyfr Owain Myfyr. Damhegion a ysgrifenwyd ar femrwn ynghylch y flwyddyn 1300' (see BM Additional MS 14884, and for a published text Y Greal . . ., 1806, tt. 279-80, 322-9, and ibid., 1807, tt. 366-70); 55-9, series of Welsh triads with the superscriptions 'Llymma Drioedd Arbennig' (see John Williams: Barddas . . ., vol. I, pp. 394-7), 'Trioedd Serch', 'Trioedd Taliesin', and 'Trioedd mab y Crinwas' (continued)

60-63, lists of Welsh 'sayings' and other miscellaneous lists with the superscriptions 'Saith ymofynion y saith Doethion', 'Geiriau Gwir Cattw Ddoeth', 'Geiriau Gwir', 'Llyma leoedd ynghorph Dyn y bydd swrn gynheddfau ynddynt', 'Saith Gynneddf Gwr Dewisol ', 'Naw rhif Carennydd', 'Pysygwriaeth o Lyfr Hywel Ddu Feddyg', 'Cas ddynion Selyf Ddoeth', and 'Cas betheu Owein Cyfeiliog'; 64, a transcript of the inscription and 'englyn' found at the beginning of Lewis Dwnn's volume of pedigrees of families in cos. Carmarthen, Cardigan, and Pembroke; 65-8, a version of the Welsh tale 'Breuddwyd Gronw Ddu o Fôn'; 69-81, transcripts of three Welsh strict-metre poems ('awdlau') by, or attributed to, Rhobert Dyfi, Siôn Tudur, and Gruffydd Thomas; 82-8, a copy of a letter in Welsh, 9 December 1726, from the Reverend Edward Gamage from St. Athan [co. Glamorgan], to Llywelyn ab Ifan 'o'r Cannerw', giving an account of the achievements of members of the Stradling family (for a holograph copy of a letter from Edward Gamage to Llywelyn ab Ifan see NLW MS 13077B, and for transcripts by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') of letters from, or allegedly from, Gamage to the same recipient in addition to the present example see NLW MSS 13091E, 13095B, and pp. 528-36 of the present manuscript; for observations on these letters and doubts as to the authenticity of the Williams transcripts see IMCY, tt. 58-60, TLLM, tt. 107, 195, and IM, tt. 245-6); 89-123, versions of Welsh tracts, tales, etc., entitled 'Cato Cymraeg' (for the text see Y Greal . . ., 1806, tt. 145-51), 'Ystori y Llong Foel' (for the text see Taliesin . . ., cyf. II, 1860-61, t. 284), 'Breuddwyd Paul Abostol' (for the text see Iolo Manuscripts . . ., pp. 190-92, and for an English translation ibid., pp. 603-05), 'Cyngor i Feirdd a Dysgedigion Cymru' (attributed to loan Dafydd Rhys, M.D. [the Welsh physician and grammarian]; see Thomas Parry: 'Siôn Dafydd Rhys', Y Llenor, cyf. X, tt. 35-46), 'Araith Ieuan Brydydd Hir, 1450', and 'Casbethau Ieuan Brydydd Hir'; 124-30, transcripts of a Welsh poem entitled 'Arwyddon Taliesin', two poems by, or attributed to, Twm ab Ifan ap Rhys, a Welsh prophecy entitled 'Llyma Brophwydoliaeth Merddin', and an 'englyn' attributed to Edward Dafydd o Fargam; 137-42, notes, allegedly 'from John Bradford's MS', relating to the bards Lewys Glyn Cothi, Lewys Morganwg, Thomas Philip Fardd, Hopcin Twm Philip, Ieuan Swrdwal, Hywel Swrdwal, Ieuan ab Hywel Swrdwal, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Dafydd Fynglwyd, Rhisiart Iorwerth, Bran ap Llyr, Talhaearn Fardd, Sils ab Siôn, Meredydd ab Morgan Philib, William ap Morgan, William Dafydd, Morgan Pywel, Siôn Mowddwy, Llawdden, Cattwg fab Gwynnlliw, Caradawc o Lancarvan, Casnodyn Fardd, Trehaearn Brydydd Mawr, Harri ab Rhys ab Gwilym, Meuryg Dafydd, and Llywelyn Siôn; 153-71, a version of the Welsh prose oration 'Araith Gwgan' (for the text see Taliesin . . ., cyf. II, tt. 108-12, and for observations thereon IM., tt. 249-51); 171-4, transcripts of a poem from 'Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin', 'englynion' by, or attributed to, Wiliam Llyn, Huw Llyn, Richard Davies, Esgob Dewi, Dafydd Nanmor, Siôn Tudur, Syr Lewys, and Ednyfed Fychan, etc.; 175-7, a copy of a preface to 'a little book' ? with the title 'Short Pedigrees of divers Noblemen . . . of Pembrokeshire containing most part of the eight ancestors from whome they are descended' found 'amongst L. Morris' papers'; 178-81, extracts from [John Wynne:] The History of the Gwedir Family [London, 1770]; 182, a note relating to freemasonry; 183-5, lists of Welsh 'sayings' attributed to Ystyffan Fardd and Catto Ddoeth, etc.; 185-7, a transcript of a Welsh poem attributed to Sippyn Cyfeiliog; 188-93, a version of the Welsh tale 'Dammeg Einion ap Gwalchmai'; 194-204, transcripts of four unattributed 'englynion', a Welsh poem attributed to Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys, and an 'awdl' attributed to Siôn Tudur, and genealogical data headed 'Pum Brenhinllwyth Cymry'; 205-20, genealogical data relating largely to Glamorgan, notes on the arms of [Norman] knights who had come to despoil Glamorgan ('Llyma arfau y Cwncwerwyr a ddaethant ar anraith i Forganwg'), etc. (continued)

221-45, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Dafydd Benwyn, Siôn Morys Llwyd, Dafydd Llwyd Mathew, Gronwy William, Llewelyn Siôn, Antoni Powel, Morgan Powel, Harri Rheinallt, Huw Ceiriog, Huw Llyn, Wm. Byrcinsiaw, Ieuan Tew, R. Dafis, Escob Mynyw, Siôn Tudur, Huw Pennant, Wiliam Cynwal, Owain Brereton, Owain Gwynedd, Lewys Menai, Bedo Hafesb, Einon Tew, Siôn Philip, Simwnt Fychan, Wiliam Llyn, Edward Brwynllys, Huw Arwystli, Elis ab Rhys ab Edward, Robert Gruffudd ab Ifan, Huw Conwy, Bartholomew Jones, Hywel Ceiriog, Rhys Celli, Dafydd Alaw, Edward Dafydd, Dafydd Edward, Charles Meredydd, Siams Thomas, Hywel Rhys, Dafydd Rhys, Wiliam Lidwn, Hopcin Thomas, Siôn Padarn, Mathew Llwyd 'o Gelligaer', Llywelyn Thomas, Hopcin Dafydd Edward 'o Langyfelach', Harri Lleision 'o Lancarfan', Bleddyn Siôn, Hywel Lewys, Siôn Roberts, Thomas Lewys, Jenkin Rhisiart, Charles Dafydd Meredydd, Morgan Gruffudd, Lleision Ifan, Hopcin Llywelyn, Dafydd Ifan Siôn, Charles Bwttwn, esqr., Dafydd o'r Nant, Samuel Jones, Lewys Môn, Tudur Aled, Gruffudd ab Llywelyn Fychan with Han Brydydd Hir, Huw Ednyfed, Rhys Nanmor, Gwilym ab Ieuan Hen, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Rhys ab Rhisiart, Gwilym Tew, Dafydd Llwyd 'o Fathafarn', and Ieuan Brechfa (some of these 'englynion' were allegedly written in connection with a bardic meeting held at Craig y Ddinas, 'eisteddfodau' at Caerwys, Bewpyr, Dinbych, ? Carn Fadryn, and Castell Gweblai, and a 'cadair wrth gerdd yn Llangynwyd . . . 1664' (see TLLM, tt. 91-2)); 239-42, anecdotes relating to Gutto'r Glynn and Hywel Dafydd ab Ieuan ab Rhys at an 'eisteddfod' held in Cardiff Castle (with a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Sir Wiliam Herbert), and Dafydd o' r Nant at a meeting of bards at Lantrisaint; 247-9, an incomplete copy of a 'cywydd' attributed to Edmund Prys; 250-52, brief genealogical notes relating to the poets or writers Huw Machno, Einion ab Gwalchmai, Rhys Goch, Tudur Penllyn, Llew'n Offeiriad, Syr Owain ab Gwilym, Llen. Goch ab Meurig Hen, Tudur Aled, William Cynwal, Cywryd ab Elaith, Ieuan ab Rhydderch, Dav. Powel, D.D., Gruff. ab Ieuan, Rhys Cain, John Cain, Dafydd Jones, vicar Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd, Dafydd Llwyd . . . 'o Fathafarn', Edmund Prys, Ednyfed ab Gruff., Madog Benfras, and Llywelyn Llogell Rison (continued)

253-4, an anecdote relating to a Welsh scholar at Oxford and a copy of a poem attributed to Taliesin; 257-8, copies of extracts made ? by Evan Evans ['Ieuan Fardd'] from 'the Liber Landavensis in the Library of Mr. Davies of Llannerch' [now NLW MS 17110E]; 265--84, a copy of ? the preface and first section of a work entitled 'Datguddiad y Daroganwr Neu gasgliad o amryw frudiau a daroganau . . . yn yspysu yn amlwg mai'n presennol Frenin William y trydydd yw y Brenin Darogan' transcribed, according to a note on p. 266, in 1799 from a manuscript in the hand of Thomas ab Ifan of Tre Brynn [the copyist of NLW MSS 13061-13063B, 13069B, 13085B] then in the possession of Thomas Johns of Hafod Uchtryd, co. Cardigan (the preface deals with vaticinatory verse in the Welsh language more particularly that of Merddyn Emrys, Merddyn Wyllt, and Taliesin, and the author maintains that prophetic allusions in such poems were to King William III; see TLLM, tt. 171-2); 289-327, transcripts of miscellaneous old Welsh poems [mainly from 'Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin' and 'Llyfr Taliesin']; 327-9, a copy of an 'awdl' attributed to Dafydd y Coet; 337-45, transcripts of a twelve-stanza poem ['Enweu Meibon Llywarch Hen'] attributed to Llywarch Hen, and a sequence of thirty-seven 'englynion' all commencing with the words 'Eiry mynydd' attributed to Llywarch Hen, or Mab Claf ab Llywarch, or Llywelyn Llogell Rhison 'o Farchwiail', a version of the Welsh prose oration 'Trwstaneiddrwydd Gruffudd ap Adda ap Dafydd', and a few medicinal notes attributed to 'Meddygon Myddfai'; 346-59, transcripts of an 'awdl' allegedly written by Gwilym Tew in connection with an 'eisteddfod' held in the monastery of 'Penrhys yng Nglynn Rhodneu' in Glamorgan in 1434 or 1435, and an 'awdl' allegedly written by Lewys Morganwg for an 'eisteddfod' held in the monastery of Nedd (Neath) [in Glamorgan] in 1493 or 1494; 359-62, an anecdote relating to a proposal to establish a university in Glyn Nedd, temp. Henry VII, a few Welsh triads, and extracts from Robert Vaughan: British Antiquities Revived . . . ([Oxford], 1662); 363-72, transcripts of two 'awdlau' attributed to Thomas Prys 'o Blas Iolyn' and Lewys ab Edward; 375-8, a copy of an extract from the 'Liber Landavensis' as in pp. 257-8, and brief pedigrees of Gwaithfoed, prince of Cardigan, fl. circa 1000, and Bleddyn ap Cynfyn; 379- 417, transcripts of Welsh poems attributed to Thomas Prys 'o Blas Iolyn', Siôn Tudur, Meredydd ap Rhys, Dafydd Nanmor, Rhys Goch 'o Eryri', Madoc ap Gronw Gethin, and Prydydd y Moch, and of unattributed Welsh verse; 418, an analysis of the 'elements' in man ('Defnyddion Dyn') (see John Williams: Barddas. . ., vol. I, pp. 386-9); 419-28, transcripts of two early Welsh poems, the first being an elegy to Cynddylan (for both poems see The Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, vol. IV, pp. 41-7, and vol. VI, pp. 139-41), and a sequence of twenty-five 'Englynion Beddeu Milwyr Ynys Prydain' from 'Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin'; 435-48, transcripts of Welsh strict- metre poems attributed to Da'dd Williams, 'viccar Penllin'; 451-82, transcripts of Welsh strict- and free-metre poems attributed to Huw Morys; 483-92, a brief account in Welsh of the history of Glamorgan from the time of Morgan Mwynfawr to the reign of Henry VIII allegedly 'allan o Lyfr y diweddar Barchedig Edward Gamais, offeiriad Sant Athan, ag ynawr gan Mr. Siôn Spenser o'r un Plwyf'; 493-527 two accounts in Welsh of the quarrels between Iestyn ab Gwrgant, lord of Glamorgan, and Rhys fab Tydyr, lord of Deheubarth, and between the said Iestyn and Einon fab Collwyn, which led eventually to the conquest of Glamorgan by the Normans under Syr Rhobert fab Amon and the division of the country amongst the said Syr Rhobert and his twelve fellow knights, with brief notes on the subsequent ownership of the estates created (the first account was allegedly taken 'o Lyfr Daniel Thomas, argraphydd', and the second allegedly 'o Lyfr y Parchedig Mr. Thomas Basset o Lan y Lai a Gweinidog Sili ag Eglwys Brywys'); 528-36, an incomplete copy of a letter in Welsh [from the Reverend Edward Gamage, rector of St. Athan] to Llywelyn ab Ifan, giving an account of the coming of Sir William Le Esterling, ancestor of the Stradling family, into Glamorgan with the Normans (see pp. 82-8 above); and 539, an incomplete extract relating to the twenty-four traditional Welsh accomplishments.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers and fragments containing notes, transcripts, lists, copies of his own poems, etc., by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents include holograph copies of Welsh poems by Edward Williams himself using the bardic names 'Iolo Morganwg', 'I[orwer] th G[wili]m', and 'Ior[wer]th Morganwg'; transcripts of Welsh strict- and free-metre poems (often incomplete) including single stanzas attributed to Huw Morus and Edward Morus (pp. 60, 65), a few stanzas attributed to Gronwy Owain (p. 78), and an 'englyn' attributed to Iorwerth Fynglwyd (p. 141), etc.; a short list of Welsh names of 'different sorts of grass or hay in Glam[organ]' (p. 32); a short list of 'Glum[organ] proverbs' (p. 42 ); draft copies or transcripts of the words of two English election songs written in connection with a parliamentary election in co. Glamorgan [? the election involving Thomas Wyndham of Dunraven Castle and Capt. Thomas Windsor, R.N., in 1789] (pp. 75-6); a ? draft version of an English poem entitled 'Bardic Institutes, a Vision Written in an ancient Bardic circle on Morlais Hill near Merthyr Tidvil, Glam.' (pp. 80-82); excerpts from the work of various Welsh poets headed 'Quotations from Bards relating to usages, Institutes, mythology, Literature, etc., of the Bards' (pp. 83-4 and possibly 193-4); an incomplete copy of an English poem 'The Royal Shepherd' (p. 87); a note in Welsh recording a meeting held at Pen y Bont ar Ogwr [Bridgend, co. Glamorgan] to celebrate victories over [Napoleon] Bonopart (p. 90); a short list of Welsh strict poetic metres headed 'Dosparth Llawdden' (p. 101); a very brief note on 'Lords Halls of Courts and Justice at Coyty, Lantwit, St. Brides, St. Athan, Penmark, [and] Lancarvan [co. Glamorgan]' and 'Baronial Court Halls' of the vale of Glamorgan and Monmouthshire (p. 103); a list in Welsh of some of the traditional customs and pastimes of Glamorgan ('Hen Arferion a Defodau Morganwg') (pp. 105-06); an anecdote relating to Morgan ab Ithel o Forganwg, Hywel Dda, and Blegywryd (p. 107); an anecdote relating to efforts made to deprive the Welsh of education subsequent to the rebellion of Owain Glyndwr, the renewal or spread of the practice of writing by inscribing on wood, and the teaching of this practice to the bards of Gwynedd and Powis by Ieuan ap Hywel Swrdwal and Llawdden Fardd (pp. 115- 116); notes relating to Welsh poetic metres (pp. 139-40, 142, 183-4); a non-chronological list of events in English and Welsh history, 852-1415 ( pp. 143 + 48); a prose tale entitled 'Ystori Rhitta Gawr' (p. 144); statistical tables giving the population of twenty-one parishes in the hundred of Swansea [co. Glamorgan], and four parishes in the hundred of Carnawllon, Caermarthenshire, 1811 (p. 145); brief notes containing speculation as to the state of the province of Siluria [south-east Wales] at the time of the Roman withdrawal, with references to the ancient seminary at Carlion, place names reminiscent of the 'first Planters' of Christianity in the province, monumental inscriptions, etc. (p. 149); ? draft versions or transcripts of the words of Welsh psalm or hymn tunes (pp. 166-7); medicinal recipes in Welsh (pp. 187-90); notes on the 'corfan' or metrical foot in the class of poems called 'dyriau' (p. 184, second sequence); a list of towns, etc., in co. Glamorgan headed 'Town Halls of [ ]' (p- 195); miscellaneous Welsh word lists; miscellaneous triads; extracts from the works of various Welsh bards; and other miscellanea. Some of the notes have been written on the reverse of a promissory note signed by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') in London, 13 January 1794 (p. 96), the reverse side of an account rendered by Thos. Williams, marble mason, to Hercules Clarke, mason, in respect of a chimneypiece (pp. 164 + 169), and the reverse side and margins of a copy of printed proposals, May 1799, for publishing a periodical to be called Eurgrawn Cymraeg neu Drysorfa Gwybodaeth (pp. 187 + 190).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume (pp. 1-332; one hundred and sixty-two pages blank) containing miscellaneous notes, lists, extracts, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents include pp. 13-15, extracts from the manuscript copies of 'Liber Landavensis' in the 'Library of Mr. Davies of Llannerch' [now NLW MS 17110E] and 'in Coll. Jesu, Oxon.' [Jesus College MS 20], including transcripts of the Welsh version of the privilegium of St. Teilo; 21-5, 29-36, extracts from the English version of [William] Camden['s Britannia] relating to the language of the Gauls, with additional notes by Edward Williams himself (see Edmund Gibson (ed.): Britannia . . ., 2nd ed. (London, 1722), Vol. I, cols. xxii-xxix); 69-76, comments on William Owen [Pughe]'s letter on the Welsh language and the Gwentian dialect published in [William] Coxe: [An Historical Tour in] Monmouthshire . . . [(London, 1801), part II, pp. 405-10]; 87-98, historical notes on Welsh literature; 99, 101-03, brief miscellaneous notes on the Silurian, North Wales, Venedotian, and modern literary dialects of Wales, the use of verse amongst the early Greeks, the Ancient Britons, and the early Scandinavians, the mechanical and other skills of the Ancient Britons, and 'Ancient manners still retained in Wales', and brief extracts from one of the published letters of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu from Adrianople, 1718, relating to certain social customs in Turkey; 127, an extract 'Ex Alit yr Odyn MS.' relating to 'Griffine, the sonne of Conane', and an assembly of musicians convened at Caerwissc; 129- 31, extracts from Giraldus Cambrensis: Descriptio Kambriae, book 1, chapters 3, 12, 13, referring to the genealogies of the princes of Wales, the musical instruments of the Welsh, their bards, etc.; 138, 143-6, 148-9, 151, 153, 178-203, 231-46, 249-69, lists of Welsh words of a specific nature grouped together under descriptive headings ('Enwau Duw', 'Enwau Duw - Barddas', 'Walicized Roman Names', 'Geiriau sathredig yng Ngwent'), lists of Welsh words of a more general nature and of Welsh phrases, mainly poetic or bardic, sometimes with English definitions and/or illustrative excerpts from the works of Welsh poets, miscellaneous etymological and grammatical notes on the Welsh language, etc.; 159-72, lists of Welsh 'wisdom sayings' including lists with the superscriptions 'Llyma eiriae Gwynda Hen', 'Llyma eiriae Selyf dhoeth', 'Llyma gynghorau Catto Ddoeth ag Ystudfach Fardd a'r Bardd Glas o'r Gadair . . .', and 'Llyma Gynghorion y Doethion'; 207-08, notes headed 'Peculiarities of Dr. R[ichar]d Davies New Testament'; 247-9, a list of 'Welsh Agricultural Terms in Glamorgan'; 283- 6, 292-3, notes on Welsh bardic rites and ceremonies; 289-91, notes on Welsh poetic metres headed 'Llyma fal y mae Lewys Morganwg yn son am y mesurau Cerdd Dafawd a'u dosparth yn y Llyfr Cerddwriaeth a wnaeth efe Yr Arglwydd Wiliam Herbert, Iarll Rhaglan'; 311-13, notes on the metrical foot in Welsh verse headed 'Llyma Gorfannau cerdd dafawd'; 314-15, further notes on the same topic headed 'Llyma fal y mae am y Corfannau yn Llyfr Owain ap Rhydderch o Dresigyn'; and 316-21, comments on some of the Welsh strict metres, notes on the type of poem called a 'carol neu ddyrif, a elwid cerdd deuluaidd gan yr hen athrawon', and notes on an assembly of bards convened by King Arthur at Caerleon ('Llyma son am Gadair Arthur o Lyfr Rhys Brydydd o Dir Iarll').

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers containing lists, notes, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents are extremely varied and include miscellaneous series of Welsh triads including series with the superscriptions 'Trioedd Ieuan ap Hywel Swrdwal', 'Trioedd o Lyfr Esaia Pywel sef Trioedd Llelo Llawdrwm', 'Trioedd Iaith ac Ymadrodd Iorwerth Fynglwyd', 'Trioedd Dwyfolaeth', 'Trioedd athronddysg', 'Trioedd Serch Dafydd Morganwg Bardd Ifor Hael', and 'Trioedd Esaia Powel' (pp. 1-3, 12, 14-15, 18, 24, 26, 28, 30-33, 35, 54-5, 83); lists of Welsh words sometimes with English definitions (pp. 10, 81-2, 86-7, 91-2, 101, 103, 105-06, 115-16, 120, 127, 129-33, 138, 149-52, 157- 203, 244-5, 251-4); lists of Welsh proverbs and proverbial expressions including one list headed 'Meteorological and Terracultural proverbs in Glamorgan' (pp. 28, 69-72, 77-80, 107-08, 113-14, 260-61); notes relating to the order of Welsh bards and musicians (pp. 6-7); a copy of an English poem with the superscription 'Bardic Institutes Written at Carn Moesen an ancient Druidical pile on the top of Craig y Llynn Mawr, a high mountain in the northern part of Glamorgan in Wales' (pp. 20-22); miscellaneous genealogical notes (pp. 39-42); lists [of Glamorgan relevance] headed 'Tai Cre[fydd]' (p. 47), 'Hen Gaste[lloedd] . . . Morgan' (pp.48-9), 'Llysoed[d]' (p.50), 'Hen Drefydd' (p.50), 'Glamorgan Topography' (p. 52), 'Beirdd Morganwg' (p. 56), 'Villages in Glamorgan wherein Town Halls and Market houses are still standing and kept up in good repair. They were originally used for holding markets and Baronial Courts of the Lords Marchers, now the hall is used as a school room, for dancing, . . .' (pp. 64-5), 'Present Market Towns' (p. 65), 'Antiquities in Glam[organ]' (p. 66), and 'Old names in Glamorgan' (p. 98); a short list of the names of Welsh bards, 12th - 17th cent. (p. 53); Welsh stanzas with the superscription 'Bedd bennillion a gant I. Mg.' (p. 58); notes relating to a reputed attempt by King Arthur to regulate the rules relating to armorial bearings (p. 68); a chronological list of events in British / Welsh history, 5th - 6th cent. ( pp. 73-6); Welsh verse with the superscription 'Hen ddiarhebion ar fesur dyri gan Iolo Morganwg' (p. 77); two short Cornish-Silurian lists of words (pp. 85, 88); the first lines of thirty nine 'awdlau' and 'cywyddau' ? attributed to the poet Iolo Goch 'yn Llyfr R. Jones' (pp. 96-7); 'Deuddeg Cynneddf Doethineb' (p. 117); notes relating to the poet Rhys Goch ap Rhiccart and his possible imbibing of Norman - French poetic influences ( pp. 121-2); a brief note on the 'stile and dialect and idiom' of the Welsh bards (p. 128); notes relating mainly to the Glam[organ] system and the North Wales system [of Welsh strict metres] (pp. 136-7); an incomplete account of ? rules and regulations reputedly drawn up by King Arthur at a conference at Caerleon for regulating the conduct, etc., of the Welsh bardic order (pp. 225-8); notes headed 'Llyma'r Drefn a wnaeth yr Amherawdr Arthur ar Fonhedd ag Anfonedd yr hon drefn y dylai bob bardd ei gwybod . . .' (pp. 229-34); notes relating to successive Welsh princes, etc., who had drawn up or revised codes for regulating the conduct, etc., of the Welsh bards and musicians (p. 235); miscellaneous notes relating to Welsh bardism and strict metres (pp. 236-40, 264); miscellaneous extracts of varying length from the works of various Welsh poets sometimes to provide examples of specific words (pp. 241-56); and extracts 'Ex Cwtta Cyfarwydd o Forganwg' listing the cantrefi and cymydau of Glamorgan (p. 262). In one instance the blank dorse and margins of a printed pamphlet bearing the superscription 'An Affectionate Address to Colliers, Miners, and Labouring People', 1785 (pp. 61-2, 67-8) have been used for writing notes, and in two other instances notes have been written on leaves bearing two poems entitled 'War' and 'Liberty' attributed to Morgan Williams, 1821 (pp. 109-12) and a poem entitled 'Picture of a Good Man' attributed to Edward Martin, 1818 (pp. 101-02, 119-20).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers containing notes, transcripts, extracts, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents include pp. 10-18, notes on the royal ancestors of Iestyn ab Gwrgan, lord of Glamorgan, to the time of Morgan Mwynfawr extracted 'o Lyfr Mr. Thos. Trueman o Bantlliwydd' (for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts . . ., pp. 3-11, and for an English translation ibid., pp. 331-56); 21, extracts [from Thomas Carte: A General History of England . . . (London, 1747-1755)]; 22-38, notes on the rulers of Glamorgan from the time of Morgan Mwynfawr to the time of the aforementioned Iestyn ab Gwrgan, the quarrels leading to the conquest of Glamorgan by the Normans under Robert Fitzhamon, the subsequent Norman lords of the territory, and the coming of the Flemings to Glamorgan (for the Welsh text of pp. 22-9 see Iolo Manuscripts . . ., pp. 12-17, and for an English translation ibid., pp. 357-83); 39-40, a brief chronicle of political events, earthquakes, plagues, extreme weather conditions, etc., temp. William I to temp. Edward VI; 41, a short chronicle of events in South Wales, 1030-1079; 42-3, a list of the bishops of Llandaf, 436-1396; 44- 7, miscellaneous topographical and historical notes on Glamorgan; 48-9, notes on Dafydd ap Gwilym; 50-51, 'Hanes y tri Marchog ar ddeg' (an incomplete account of the thirteen Norman knights who conquered Glamorgan); 52-4, miscellaneous historical anecdotes relating mainly to Glamorgan (see Iolo Manuscripts . . ., pp. 64-7, 450-53); 56-60, genealogical and historical notes on the Stradling family, eleventh-seventeenth cent. ('allan o hen lyfr St. Dunwyd gan y Parchedig Mr. Edward Gamage, Periglor St. Athan'); 64-7, a Welsh-English list of species of apples found in Glamorgan and Gwent and of pears ?found in the same region (see IM., tt. 334-8); 68-9, a list of mountains and rivers in Glamorgan; 72-4, further notes on the lordship of Glamorgan and its conquest by the Normans (from British Museum Harleian MS 368; see Cambrian Journal, 1859, pp. 68-71); 78-81, a brief account of the history of Glamorgan from the time of Morgan Mwynfawr to the reign of Henry VIII 'translated from a Welsh MS late in the possession of the Revd. Mr. Gamage, Rector of St. Athan, and now of Mr. John Spen[ ] of the same place'; 82-5, historical anecdotes relating to the lords of Bewper Castle [co. Glamorgan], anecdotes relating to the brothers William and Richard Twrch and the building of the porch and chapel gateway at Bewper, late sixteenth-early seventeenth cent. (see IM, tt. 272-3), a note on Inigo Jones, and notes on Dunraven Castle; 86-95, notes relating to St. Illtud, the monastic church and school at Llanilltud [or Llantwit Major, co. Glamorgan], and the abbots of the said monastery, including extracts from [Thomas] Carte: op. cit., and a manuscript sketch plan of Llantwit Major, ? late eighteenth cent. (see note in IM, t. 316); 95-115, general notes on British history to the second half of the thirteenth cent., including extracts from Carte: op. cit.; 116-23, miscellaneous brief notes on the topography, agriculture, industries, commerce, etc., of Glamorgan, with references to the iron works at Merthyr Tidvil, Aberdare Vale, Newbridge, Pentyrch, and Melin Griffith, the porcelain works at Nantgarw, etc.; 125, extracts from Archaeologia, vol. VI; 126-7, notes on the Voss family more particularly William Voss of St. Athan and Nicolas Vosse of Lantwit (circa 1750) [both of co. Glamorgan], and the latter's books; 128-31, 'Cursory Remarks on reading Camden's account of Glamorgan'; 132-3, copies of extracts from the register of the parish of Lantwit Major [co. Glamorgan] and other data relating to the Vosse family; 134, proposals [by Edward Williams] for publishing a periodical to be called Dywenydd Morganwg (see IM, tt. 214, 363, 387-91); 135, a note on 'Y modd i wneuthur Lloriau da mewn tai' (see IM, t. 363); 136, notes on the village of Llandaff [co. Glamorgan] and the vicinity; 137, anecdotes relating to the poet Dafydd o'r Nant, [the Methodist cleric, the Reverend] Daniel Rowland, and a seventeenth century poet Will Tabwr; 142-3, a ? draft copy of a letter to the clergy of the town and neighbourhood of Cowbridge [co. Glamorgan], suggesting a plan for adding [Bishop Richard Watson's work A Collection of] Theological Tracts [Cambridge, 1785] to a circulating library the writer had established in the town; 146-7, copies of three English poems headed 'Poetical Anecdotes of Glamorgan', one being by Christopher Roberts of St. Athan and ? two by Edward Williams of Lancarvan; 148 and 151, brief notes on the Glamorgan towns, etc., of Caerffily, Merthyr Tidvil, Cowbridge, Bridgend, Lantrisant, Landaff, and Cardiff; 150, a list of the products of Glamorgan which were, or could become, articles of trade and commerce; 154-7, copies of the memorial inscription ? on the tomb of Roger Seys in the church of Lantwit Major, and notes on the Seys family's connection with the Boverton estate [co. Glamorgan]; 158- 69, notes on the topography, agricultural produce and methods, horticulture, etc., of Glamorgan headed 'Remarks on J. Fox's General View of the Agriculture of [the county of] Glamorgan ([London], 1796)', and notes on the pastime known as 'Bandy playing' (see IM, tt. 54-6); 170-76, observations on Newton Down [co. Glamorgan], and on Brandon Hill and Cliffon Hill near Bristol; 181, a report on a survey of the pillars and arches dividing the nave from the south aisle in Cowbridge parish church carried out in 1810 by the churchwardens assisted by Edward Williams ['Iolo Morganwg'] and Taliesin Williams, masons, and David Jenkins, carpenter; 182-3, an incomplete draft or copy of a letter in Welsh addressed to the Protestant dissenters of Glamorgan advising them to vote for [Thomas] Wyndham of Dwnrufan (Dunraven) rather than for his opponent Captain Thomas Windsor in the Glamorgan parliamentary election [? of 1789]; 188, notes on Boverton house [co. Glamorgan]; 192-3, an anecdote relating to Penmark church [co. Glamorgan]; 196-231, a transcript of the section of [John] Leland's Itinerary which deals with Glamorgan; 232-51, miscellanea including an incomplete Welsh poem on the county of Carmarthen, its towns, etc., observations on statements in the first few pages of [Edward] Jones: [Musical and Poetical Relicks of the Welsh] Bards . . ., 2nd ed. [1794], and further notes on 'bandy playing' (some of these on the blank versos and margins of printed proposals for publishing Edward Williams's volume of English verse Poems Lyric and Pastoral in 1792, and his Cyfrinach Beirdd Ynys Prydain in 1821); 253-4, the words and music of a 'Catch written for the Pine Apple Catch club in Bristol . . . by [Thomas] Chatterton, father of Thomas Chatterton, the poet'; 256-7, a copy of a letter in Welsh from Rhys Morgan from Pencraig nedd [co. Glamorgan], to [ ], 1751 (praise for recipient's poems, the continuance of the Welsh bardic tradition in Glamorgan, the state of the Welsh language in the county, its use in church services, the failure of the county of Monmouth to produce Welsh poets) (for the text of this letter with the opinion that it is a forgery to be attributed to Edward Williams himself see TLLM, tt. 260-61; see also ibid., tt. 101-02, and IM, tt.77-8, 274); 258-61, a copy of an eight-stanza 'Song for the Glamorgan Volunteers' by Edward Williams, with preface and notes on some of the proper names in the text; 262-73, notes on early Welsh literature, the extant manuscript sources thereof, the authenticity of the material in these manuscripts, etc., written on the verso and in the margins of copies of a printed handbill containing proposals, 1793, for publishing The Celtic Remains (vol. I by Lewis Morris, vol. II by Walter Davies), and of a printed handbill announcing an 'eisteddfod' to be held at Caerwys [co. Flint] in 1798 under the patronage of the Gwyneddigion Society (some of this material appears to be a draft version of sections of the essay 'A Short Review of the Present State of Welsh Manuscripts' which forms the preface to The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales . . ., vol. I, (London, 1801)) (continued)

278-9, notes headed 'Llyma'r Ddosparth a wnaeth y Brenin Arthur ar achoedd a'r Cof a'r cadw arnynt ac ar fonedd Cenedl y Cymry a'u Breiniau'; 279, anecdotes relating to Gruffydd ap Llywelyn ap Seisyllt and opposition to his claim to the principality of Powys circa 1040, and a convention held at Henffordd ( Hereford) in connection therewith when matters relating to the genealogy and rights and privileges of the Welsh nobility, etc., were discussed and ? an agreed code was drawn up, and notes on the duties of the Welsh bards with regard to genealogy and heraldry; 280-85, notes relating to the Welsh bardic order and Welsh musicians including notes with the superscription 'Llyma hen Ystatut Cadair Tir Iarll fal a'i trefnwyd yn amser yr Arglwydd Clâr diweddaf . . .'; 286-9, miscellanea including notes on the meaning of the expressions 'Mab aillt' and 'Mab aillt beirdd', notes on the loss of a manuscript copy of the statutes of Grulfudd ap Cynan from the Ashmolean Museum [Oxford] and of a Welsh translation of the works of Aristotle by John David Rhys from the library of Jesus College [Oxford], a comment on Jesus College, and brief notes on the Welsh strict poetic metres; 295, a copy of an 'englyn' attributed to Dafydd ap Edmund; 303, notes on the relationship between the vocabulary of a language and the cultural and technical attainments of the speakers of the language; 305, a copy of an 'englyn' attributed to D[afydd ap] G[wilym]; 306-07, an incomplete transcript of a Welsh poem entitled 'Cynghorion Tad i'w Fab' attributed to Henry Evans 'o'r Gelli Gaer ym Morganwg'; 308-09, a transcript of twenty- two stanzas of Welsh verse entitled 'Englynion Marchwiail' and attributed to Mab claf ab Llywarch; 314, ? an extract re the Latin language from a letter from R. Flaherty to E[dward] Llwyd; 315, a note on Llywelyn Siôn, the Glamorgan scribe [late sixteenth cent.], a note on the possible origin of the 'coelbren' and 'coelfain' amongst the Welsh bards, and a transcript of four 'englynion' ? attributed to Rhys Brydydd; 316, a list of the descendants of Caw o Brydyn, a list of the achievements of the Stradling family ('Gweithredoedd y Stradlingiaid'), a note on Mauritius Morganensis, poet and rhetorician, a copy of an 'englyn' written by Prince Llywelyn ab Gruffudd after the battle of Aberconwy, a list of 'Saith Brif Glaswrdai Ynys Prydain', and a note on the castles of the kings of Morganwg; 317, notes relating to Caerfilly castle [co. Glamorgan] and to Sir Gilbert Stradling (temp. Richard I) and the origin of the Knights of the Garter; 317 + 322, notes on Sir Edward Stradling and his connection with Dr. John David Rhys and Dr. Thomas Lleison; 320, a note on the teaching activities of Glamorgan bards circa 1700, and ? a list of bards at an eisteddfod held at Llandaf in 1564; 320, 328, 329, 334-5 343, 363, 392, lists of Welsh proverbs, popular sayings, etc.; 322-7, notes on Welsh poetic metres, bardic meetings, and the tradition re the original home of the Ancient Britons (Deffrobani); 330-33, brief biographical notes on a number of Welsh bards (medieval- eighteenth cent.); 333, notes headed 'Gosgorddiadau'r ser ydynt fal hynn'; 335, a copy of six stanzas of Welsh verse entitled 'Pennillion Morganwg'; 337, lists of Welsh names for the months of the year (see John Williams: Barddas . . ., vol. I, pp. 410-17); 339, a copy of an 'englyn' attributed to Wm. Cynwal; 357, notes on an oak tree at Cefn Mabli, co. Glamorgan; 360, notes on an 'eisteddfod' held at Y Pil [co. Glamorgan], circa 1740, a brief list of Welsh triads, and a list of troubadours and Welsh poets, ob. 1122-1300; 361, notes on Dafydd ap Gwilym and the 'cywydd' measure, Dafydd o'r Llwyn, an 'eisteddfod' held at Nant Conwy [co. Caernarvon], 1 Edward IV, and the confusion concerning the date of the 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen, 1451 or 1461; 362, a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Samuel Jones 'o Fryn Llywarch'; 363, a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Thos. Llywelyn 'o Regoes' and a few Welsh triads; 370, a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Thos. Lln.; 371, a copy of an elegy in Welsh with the superscription 'Carmen Britanicum on the Death of Queen Caroline per Ned Edwards of Talgarth . . .', and a note on a copy of 'Dr. Gr. Roberts Grammar printed in Italy, A.D. 1567, in the hands of Mr. E. Evans. . .'; 381, a version of the Lord's Prayer (Welsh) in verse, and transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Rhys Cain and ?D. o'r Nant; 387, a brief note on the building of Landaff Bridge and Rumney Bridge in the seventeenth century; 388, historical notes relating to Carfilly Castle; 390, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Huw Llyn, Wm Llyn, Siôn Tudur, and Dr. Morgan, Esgob Llandaf; 391, miscellaneous Welsh triads; 393, seventeen maxims headed 'Llyma ymadroddion Barddas o Lyfr Ieuan ab Hywel Swrdwal' (see John Williams: Barddas . . ., vol. I, pp- 270-75; 394, miscellaneous Welsh triads; 395, 'Gwyddor Dewiniaeth Gildas Broffwyd' (see Iolo Manuscripts . . ., pp. 195-6, 608-09); 396-7, miscellaneous notes on bardism, a few Welsh triads, and transcripts of ? two 'englynion' attributed to Siôn Tudur; 401, transcripts of two 'englynion' attributed to ? y Capten Middelton and Morys Cyffin; 405, an extract from a letter from Captain Wm. Myddelton to his nephew, and transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to D. Ddu Eryri and D. Davies, Castell Hywel; 460-09, a Latin-English list of rare plants to be found in various English counties; 410-12, extracts from the English version of [William] Camden ['s Britannia]; 416-19, notes on the Welsh bardic order headed 'Llyma Llafar Gorsedd Beirdd Ynys Prydain Ile gellir gweled Breiniau a Defodau Beirdd Ynys Prydain . . .' (see John Williams: Barddas . . ., vol. II, pp. 10-23); 422-67, miscellaneous notes in English on British or Welsh bardism, its organisation, ceremonial, connection with druidism and the Christian religion, etc. (there is considerable repetition in these notes, they possibly represent several drafts of parts of an essay on the subject of bardism); 468-70, a transcript of the title-page, advertisement, and part of the introduction to Charles Wilkins: The Bhagvat-Geeta . . . (London, 1785); and 472-3, extracts from [Edward] Jones: [Musical and Poetical Relicks of the Welsh] Bards . . ., 2nd ed. [London, 1794], pp. 83-4. Also included, pp. 278-470, are lists of Welsh words sometimes with English definitions and/or illustrative excerpts from the works of Welsh poets, notes on Welsh words or elements in Welsh words, etymological and philological notes on the Welsh language, notes on Welsh grammar, extracts of varying length (one line, 'cywydd' couplets, etc.) from the works of Welsh poets, and a multitude of miscellaneous items of historical, literary, or bardic significance.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents include pp. 13-16, notes on the Welsh bardic order under the heading 'Cadair Tir Iarll'; 21-3, an incomplete, draft or variant version of a 'letter to the reader' [which Edward Williams had written as part of the intended preface to his volume Cyfrinach Beirdd Ynys Prydain]; 25-8, notes on nine medieval kings of Glewisseg, the country 'lying between the River Usk on the side of Gwent and the River Elerch . . . on the side of Kibor in Glamorgan'; 29-31 and 37, transcripts of a Welsh poem entitled 'Cynneddfau amryw Barthau Cymru' attributed to Aneurin, and of a Welsh poem in the hexameter measure attributed to Dafydd o'r Nant; 34, a copy of a notice announcing that 'eisteddfodau' would be held at Corwen and Bala in [ ]; 39 + 42, a copy of an undated letter from 'D' to the editor of The Cambrian providing 'an English paraphrase' of a Welsh sonnet he had previously sent him; 45, a report in Welsh on opinions expressed by [John Moore] archbishop of Canterbury, and [Samuel Horsley], bishop of St. David's, in a debate in the House of Lords, 5 June 1793, concerning a proposal to send missionaries ? to India; 46, an incomplete copy of a letter in Welsh relating to the Moravian Church; 47-8, a transcript of a 'cywydd' attributed to Siôn Tudur; 49-52, a copy of the rules (English) of a society called the 'Berean Society'; 55, an incomplete list of ? the founders of churches in Glamorgan; 56, a note on Sir Robert Ffitsamon's policies in Glamorgan [late 11th cent.]; 60, a transcript of an English poem ? by E. Williams; 61, an extract relating to a nation of White Indians; 63, brief notes headed 'Bricks and Brickmaking'; 65-6, a transcript of a 'cywydd' attributed to Giles ap John; 67-8, an extract from the Gent[leman]'s Mag[azi]ne, April 1810, relating to the court leet of Pember, co. Hants.; 71-2, extracts relating to the use of a copper and tin alloy for making tools and weapons in ancient times; 73-4, an incomplete copy of a poem entitled 'Pennillion arferedig ym Morganwg ar ddydd Priodas'; 80, notes on the metrical foot in Welsh verse ('Corfannau Cerdd Dafod'); 82, ? an incomplete draft of the proposed title-page of [Edward Williams:] Cyfrinach Beirdd Ynys Prydain; 85-9, a copy of the rules, etc. (Welsh) of a society called 'Cymdeithas y Bereaid' (see ref. to Berean Society above); 95-7, an incomplete transcript of a letter [1782] from the Rev. David Jones of Langan [co. Glamorgan], to the Countess of Huntingdon published in The Evangelical Magazine, January 1811 [p. 13], with versions of the said letter in English and Welsh verse; 98-100, a copy of an English poem described as the 'Birth day song of the Cardiff Gazette which was intended to be published on Saturday, January 2d 1813'; 107-10, a copy of ? a section of a letter referring to certain Welsh poetic metres, the poetic tradition in Gwynedd, and a book to be published by recipient ?relating to Welsh poetry; 116, brief notes relating to the poets Rhys Goch o Dir Iarll, D[afydd] ap Gwilym, and D[afydd] ap Edmwnd; 117, biographical notes on Thomas ap Evan ap Rhys, poet, born in the parish of Margam [co. Glamorgan] circa 1474; 124, transcripts of two 'englynion' attributed to Benjamin Dafydd 'o Langeinwyr'; 127, draft proposals by Edward Williams for publishing a volume to be called 'The Bardic Triades . . .'; 160, a sketch plan of a 'gorsedd' circle; 161-2, extracts from [David] Powel [: The Historie of Cambria now called] Wales; 168, a transcript of a 'cywydd' attributed to Meiric Dafydd; 175-7, autobiographical notes [by Edward Williams]; and 179-80, notes headed 'Queries in Rural Architecture, oeconomy, &c'. Interspersed among the items already noted are miscellaneous notes relating to Welsh literary, bardic, and antiquarian matters, lists of Welsh words, brief lists of miscellaneous Welsh triads, stanzas of English and Welsh verse, etc. Some of the notes are written on the blank verso, the margins, and even across the face of copies of a printed handbill issued by Henry Walters, March 1784, advertising his printing office in the town of Cowbridge, printed proposals, 1762, for the publication by the Cymmrodorion Society of a 'Natural History of the Quadrupeds and Birds of Great Britain and Ireland', a printed handbill (undated) setting forth the programme, etc. of a 'Society for the preservation of the remains of ancient British Literature . . . and for the encouragement of the National Music', etc.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A volume of notes in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bearing the inscription 'History of the British Bards. Common Place Book No. 111 by Edward Williams . . .' on the title-page. The contents include pp. 2-35 (each page headed 'Alphabet (Bards)'), brief notes on a mythological and pseudo-historical account of the origin of letters and the British bardic alphabet, comments on the paucity of evidence, other than mythological accounts, relating to the origin of alphabets, examples of alphabets designated 'Coelbren y Beirdd' or '[British] Bards Alphabet', 'Coelbren y Meneich' or '[British] Monks Alphabet', 'Egwyddor Gymraeg' or 'Modern or Common Welsh Alphabet', and 'Old Monumental British', 'Old Gallic', 'Runic', and 'Ancient Etruscan' alphabets, notes on the origin of, or connection between, these alphabets, notes on the use of the Welsh bardic alphabet for writing by inscribing on wooden surfaces, a description of a 'peithynen' i.e. a series of four- sided 'billets' of wood (ebill, plural ebillion) upon which literary or other material had been inscribed in the bardic alphabet and which had then been inserted in sequence in an upright, wooden frame in such a way as to allow each unit to revolve, a list of 'catachrestical words and phrases to prove that the ancient English or Saxons practised a method of inscribing letters upon wood', and further observations, etc., relating to the above topics (see also NLW MSS 13087E, 13093E, 13097B); pp. 36-43 (each page headed 'Poetry preceded Prose [authorities]'), extracts from the works of various English authors on the theme that poetry preceded prose in the literatures of various nations, and notes on the literature of North and South Wales, 12th-14th cent., referring to the South Wales poet Rhys Goch ap Rhys ap Rhiccart, the superiority of North Wales in the field of poetry and of South Wales in the production of prose, and the belief that the 'Silurian dialect' was the 'written literary dialect' of North Wales down to the mid-sixteenth century; p. 44 (headed 'Letters, when first known in Britain'), a brief comment on the antiquity of the Welsh language and on the knowledge of letters, etc., amongst the Britons; pp. 45-7 (blank, but each page bearing the same heading as p. 44); pp. 48-65 are blank; pp. 66-70 (each page headed 'Poetry preceded Prose [Authorities]'), extracts from the works of various authors on the theme denoted in the page headings; pp. 71-7 (blank, but each page bearing the same heading as pp. 66-70); and pp. 78-83 (each page headed 'Letters, when first known in Britain'), extracts being mainly extracts from Caesar: De Bello Gallico relating to the Druids. The remaining pages (pp. 84-254) are blank.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers and home-made booklets containing material in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents include pp. 1-10, an incomplete, alphabetical list (A - G only) of the names of Welsh bards with dates (floruit) and occasional notes, allegedly transcribed in the house of [David Thomas] 'Dafydd Ddu o Eryri' at Traeth Coch, Anglesey, in 1799 from a volume previously in the possession of the Reverend Dafydd Elis of Amlwch, Anglesey; 23, notes relating to bardism; 24-5, anecdotes relating to Ieuan Deulwyn and Antoni Pywel of Llwydarth incorporating 'englynion' by both; 27-9, notes relating to the bardic 'cadair Tir Iarll'; 39-42, notes headed 'Llyma Ddosparth ar Deilyngdawd y Beirdd herwydd pob un ei radd a'i swydd'; 45-7, notes on measures taken by Ceraint Fardd Glas, Rhys ap Tewdwr, and Gruffudd ap Cynan in connection with the Welsh strict poetic metres; 55-87, references to, and extracts from, the works of various Welsh poets mainly the 'cywyddwyr', with notes on some of the poets and/or poems and their contents; 88-98, notes on Dafydd Ddu o Hiraddug referring to his connection with the 'cywydd' measure, the bardic grammar associated with his name and that of Edeyrn Dafawd Aur, and the translation into Welsh of the Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and mentioning the possibility of identifying Dafydd Ddu Hiraddug with Dafydd Ddu Fynach 'o Fonachlog Nedd' and Dafydd Ddu Athraw of the parish of Pen Tyrch [co. Glamorgan]; 104, a philological note on the word 'Cymmry'; 105- 15, notes incorporating comments on the word 'Cymry' (Kimmeri) as a national appellative and the early development of the language of the Cymry, an attack on tendencies to introduce new rules of orthography into the Welsh language, a comment on the need for 'a good Dictionary . . . of the Langu[age] as well as a good Grammar', a suggestion for establishing a 'Welsh corresponding Academy for restoring to its pristine purity the Ancient British or Welsh Language', etc.; 116, a list of twenty literary and historical subjects headed 'Progress of literary taste for improvement in Eastern South Wales'; 117, copies of two alphabets described as 'The most ancient Irish Alphabet named Bobeloth' and 'Irish Marcomanic or Marcomanic Runes'; 119, notes on ? bardic and public alphabets; 121-2, further notes on the Cimbri, Cymmry, or Cimmeri and their language; 137-41, lists or groups of miscellaneous Welsh words or phrases; 153-68, a brief account of religious dissent in Glamorgan in the 16th and 17th centuries with mention of Thomas Llywelyn, the bard, preaching to congregations at Blaen Cannaid and Rhegoes and translating the Bible into Welsh, and references to Wm. Erbury, Walter Caradog, Morgan Llwyd's visits to Glamorgan, the congregation at Blaen Cannaid, Lydia Phelle, meetings at Mynwent y Cwacers, Samuel Jones of Brynn Llywarch, and chapels or congregations at Tref y Ryg, parish of Llantrisan, Cefn Hengoed, parish of Gelli Gaer, Cwm y Glo near Merthyr, Ynys Gou in Merthyr, Coed y Cymmer near Merthyr, Cwm Cynnon near Aberdare, Hirwaen Forgan, parish of Aberdare, and Cymmer yr Ystrad, parish of Llantrisaint, all under the superscription 'Mân gofion am rai pethau eglwysig a chrefyddol a gefais gan y diweddar Mr. Morgan Llywelyn o Gastell Nedd'; 185-209, groups of Welsh words, verse extracts, etc.; 215-17, two lists containing the names of authors (Geoffrey of Monmouth, Morgan Llwyd, etc.), individual literary or historical works (Mabinogion, Drych y Prifoesoedd, etc.), and categories of material (Achau'r Saint, Triads, etc.), the first headed 'Our Ancient [Welsh] Prose Classics' and the second 'Modern [Welsh] Classics in prose', with a brief note on the language, etc., of these authors or works and criticism of the language of works written by modern, Welsh Unitarian writers; 218-20, brief notes on the characteristics of Welsh poetry from the earliest times with mention of Gruffudd ap Cynan, Rhys Goch ap Rhiccert, and Dafydd ap Gwilym; 221-3, notes on the formation of compound words in Welsh; 236, a list of words headed 'Specimens of roughness or of rugged words in the English'; 241-4, extracts from the works of Wm. Cynwal, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Gwilym ab Ieuan Hen, Meredydd ap Rhys, and Llywelyn ap Ednyfed under the heading 'Caethiwed y Beirdd wedi darfod y Tywysogion'; (continued)

245-6, extracts from [? Henry] Hunter: Sacred Biography [London, 1783]; 247, brief notes headed 'Traddodiadau Morganwg am Owain Glyn Dwr'; 265-6, extracts from [Richard] Baxter: Poetical Fragments [London, 1681]; 269, extracts from Wm. Forbes: [An Account of the] Life of [James] Beattie [1807]; 269, an anecdote relating to Owain Glyndwr and an ash tree on Sterling Down [co. Glamorgan]; 270, brief notes headed 'Meteorology of Glam[organ]'; 271, a transcript of six stanzas of English verse headed 'Old song commonly sung in Glamorgan]'; 273, a transcript of three 'englynion' attributed to Rhisiart Tomas of Pen y Bont ar Ogwr, with a note thereon by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg'; 274-5, a list of names of saints with churches founded by them in cos. Glamorgan and Monmouth allegedly from a volume in the possession of Siôn Bradford; 283, a note on an 'eisteddfod' held at Ystrad Ywaen [co. Glamorgan], ? 1603; 283-4, a note relating to the preservation of traditions, historical memorials, etc. in Wales; 285-7, a list of miscellaneous Welsh words with English or Latin definitions; 287, copies of four 'englynion' by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg'; 301-?92, extracts from ? [J. Pinkerton:] Walpoliana; 393- 415, extracts from The Monthly Review, 1790, vols. 1 and 2, ibid., 1807, etc.; 415, a transcript of two 'englynion' to the Baptist meeting house at Maeshaleg [co. ] attributed to Harri Siôn of Pont y Pwl; ? 422 + 423, a short list of Welsh maxims headed 'Agricul[t]ural Maxims in Glamorgan]'; 424, four Welsh proverbs described as 'Glam[organ] proverb]s'; 424, specifications of 'Buarth mawr in Wick, a large Ruin, an Armory of the Dutchy of Lancaster ait Thos. Truman'; 428-9; a list of invaders of Britain ('Llyma son ysbysbwyll am yr Estroniaid a ddaethant i Ynys Prydain yn ormes yn erbyn Braint Cenedl y Cymry'); 429-37, miscellaneous groups of Welsh words, miscellaneous memoranda, and two stanzas of Welsh verse attributed to Siôn William; 438-40, suggestions in Welsh concerning matters for discussion at an annual meeting of Unitarians ('y Dwyfundodiaid') [to be held] in Aberdare [co. Glamorgan], N.D.; 441-56, miscellaneous memoranda, a brief note on the difference between North Wales and South Wales dialect, extracts from The Monthly Review, 1807, a transcript of a brief letter, 1807, from J. Franklen from Lanmihangle to Mr. Hooper, ? concerning a right of way, a brief note on Chinese methods of propagating fruit trees, extracts from speeches by Napoleon, etc.; 461- 4, a transcript of a sequence of thirty 'Englynion y Gorugau' attributed to Y Bardd Glas o'r Gadair; 465, a short list of Welsh triads ('Trioedd Amrafaelion'); 466, a note on Hugh Lupus, earl of Chester, ob. 1107; 468, a transcript of six more 'Gorugau' stanzas; 470, an anecdote relating to Ieuan fawr ap y Diwlith 'o Gil Fai'; 471, brief notes headed 'Llyma son am Glymau Cerdd dafawd herwydd y mesurau'; 472-3, 476 lists or groups of Welsh words; 477, notes with the incipit 'Llyma'r modd y nottaynt yr hen athrawon hyspysu cof amseroedd'; 478, a list of Welsh poetic measures headed 'Hen Ddosparth Tir Iarll', and a brief note commencing 'Llyma ddosparth y Corfannau a wnaeth Hopkin Thomas o Gil Fai . . . '; 479, rules relating to the training of bardic trainees or disciples; 480, a note relating to 'mesurau profest'; 480-85, pseudo-historical notes relating to the Welsh strict metres and the bardic system with mention of Rhys ab Tewdwr, Gruffudd ap Cynan, Llawdden Fardd, Dafydd ap Edmwnt, 'eisteddfodau' at Carmarthen 1450 and 1460, etc.; 486, a list of Welsh words ending in - ur with English definitions; 488, an anecdote relating to Sir Edward Stradlin and Dr. John David Rhys; 491, a short list of Welsh proverbs headed 'Diarhebion Morganwg'; 493-6 a brief note on the appearance of double and alternate rhymes in South Wales and on the form of the verbal termination for the third person singular past tense in the works of medieval Welsh poets, and miscellaneous Welsh word or phrase lists; 514, a short list of Welsh words with, in some instances, English or Latin definitions or equivalents; 519, notes on financial contributions headed 'Dwyfundodiaid, 1813, Gelli Onnen'; 521-9, miscellaneous notes noting, inter alia, archaeological remains, remains of abbeys, 'edifices by Inigo Jones' and repairs effected by him, various plants, fruit, trees, minerals, rocks, etc., to be found in various locations in co. Glamorgan; 531, brief notes on Dunraven Castle, Boverton Castle and Place, and Hays Castle in Lantwit and the remains of a camp adjacent to it; 532, a biographical note on John Hopkins 'versifier of the Psalms', ob. 1541; etc.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

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