Poetics.

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Poetics.

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Poetics.

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A scrap-book,

Two scrap-books, compiled by 'Golyddan', containing press cuttings of the controversy in Yr Amserau, 1851, on poetic metres between 'Ieuan Gwynedd' and 'Gweirydd ap Rhys', a controversy on music between 'Ap Musicus' and Edward Stephen ('Tanymarian'), and other cuttings of literary interest; and a scrap-book compiled by Catherine Prichard ('Buddug') containing literary press cuttings, including material relating to John Robert Pryse ('Golyddan'), with a draft letter by Robert John Pryse ('Gweirydd ap Rhys').

Golyddan, 1840-1862

Barddoniaeth,

A composite volume containing transcripts by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') of Welsh verse in free and strict metres. P. i is inscribed 'Hen Awdlau, Caniadau, a Phennillion amrafaelion eu rhywieu er dangos amrywiold[eb] Mesurau a mydrau Cerdd Dafod Beirdd Cymru mewn oesoedd Amrafaelion a'r amrafaelion newydiadau . . . ym mhrydyddiaeth Beirdd Cymru o amser beugilydd. Cynnulliad o Hen Lyfrau Ysgrif amrafaelion gan Iolo Morganwg . . .', and this may refer to the contents of pp. 1-142 which include transcripts of poems by, or attributed to, Dafydd Llwyd Matthew, Wiliam Llyn, Bedo Brwynllys, Siôn Ceri, Wiliam Egwad, Gwilym ap Ieuan hen, Dafydd Nanmor, Sippyn Cyfeiliog, Elidir Sais, Dafydd o Lynn Nedd, Einiawn Offeiriad, Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleison, Dafydd ap Edmwnd, Richard Cynwal, Taliesin, Rhys Cain, Llawdden, Gwilym Tew, Dafydd Benwyn, Lewys Morganwg, Gutto'r Glynn, Siôn Mowddwy, Siôn Bradford, Rhys Nanmor, and Guttyn Owain. Pp. 143-55 (previously 1-13) contain a transcript of the first part (279 lines) of Aneurin's 'Gododdin'; pp. 159- 90 (previously 1-32), transcripts of fifteen 'cywyddau' (No. 15 incomplete) by, or attributed to, Dafydd ap Gwilym; pp. 199-206 (previously 1-8), transcripts of poems by, or attributed to, Gruff. ap Maredydd ap Dafydd; pp. 225-72, transcripts of, or extracts from, poems by, or attributed to, Dafydd ap Edmund, Llowdden, Siôn ap Dafydd ap . . ., Syr Lewys y defaid, Syr Lewys Anwyl, Robt. ab Ifan, Richd. Dafies, Esgob Dewi, Dafydd Nanmor, Tudur Aled, Wm. Cynwal, Siôn Brwynog, Harri ap Thomas ap Wiliam o'r ddiserth, ? Gruff. Hiraethog, Siôn Tudur, Syr Lewys Gethin, Lewis ab Edward, Dr. Morgan, Esgob Llanelwy, Alis ferch Gruff., Cadwgan ffol, Rhys Cain, Gutto'r Glynn, Iolo Goch, Llywelyn ab Gruffudd, Llywarch Hen, ?Siôn Dafydd Nanmor, Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleison, Hugh bach ab Hywel ab Shenkin, William Llyn, Edd. Llwyd, 'ceidwad y Museum yn Rhydychen', Gwalchmai, Lewis Powel, William Midelton, Bleddyn Fardd, Meil. ab Gwalch., and Pryd. Moch, and a transcript of a prose item ['Araith y gwr moel o Sythia']; and pp. 281-92, transcripts of poems [from the 'Book of Taliesin']. P. 297 is inscribed 'Caniadydd Morganwg sef Casgl o Hen Garolau, Caniadau, a Chwndidau. Rhif 11', and is followed on pp. 301-36 by transcripts of fourteen 'cwndidau' by, or attributed to, Thomas ab Ieuan ab Rhys and one 'cwndid' by, or attributed to, Thomas ap Ieuan Madog. P. 341 is inscribed 'Cwndidau a Chaniadau Rhys Brydydd o Lyfr R. Bradford', and is followed on pp. 343-59 by transcripts of three poems (two 'cwndidau') by, or attributed to, the said poet. Intermingled with the poems are notes or anecdotes relating to the following poets and 'eisteddfodau' - pp. iv, 79, and 121, Gwilym Tew and 'eisteddfodau' at the monastery of Pen Rys in Glyn Rhondde and Caerfyrddin; vii, Lewis Glynn Cothi and Tudur Penllyn; 50, Einion Offeiriad; 60, Dafydd ap Edmwnd and an 'eisteddfod' at Caerfyrddin; 100 and 104-05, Lewys Morganwg and 'Eisteddfod y Penrhyn yn Arfon'; 109 and 235, Gutto'r Glynn; 114, Siôn Mowddwy; 235-6, Iolo Goch; 237, Llywarch Hen; 265, Tudur Aled; and 342, Meredydd Philip (alias Bedo Philip Bach), his brothers Thomas and William, and his nephew Hopcin Thomas Philip, William Dafydd, and Morgan Pywel. Pp. 115-18 contain transcripts of notes on the use of double rhyme ('cyfochri') in some Welsh strict poetic metres and on the vaticinatory element in Welsh verse. These notes are attributed to Siôn Bradford. Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') has inserted comments on some of the poems in the volume.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Barddoniaeth, etc.,

A note-book (pp. 1-80) and miscellaneous papers (pp. 81-268) containing notes, lists, extracts, transcripts, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. Page 1 is inscribed 'Cynnulliadau Tuag att Hanes Eisteddfodau Caerfyrddin, Caerwys, ag eraill Casgledig (gan mwyaf) yng Ngwynedd gan Iolo Morganwg', and this first section contains: a version of the 'statute' of Gruffudd ap Cynan as allegedly confirmed at an 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys, co. Flint, in 1523, with a list of the names of the bards and musicians licensed at the said 'eisteddfod', transcribed 'O Lyfr Ygrif (sic) P. Panton, Yswain, o'r Plas Gwynn ym Môn' or, as stated elsewhere, 'Ex No. 65, Plas Gwynn, Môn' [i.e. Panton MS 65, now NLW MS 2031, of which see pp. 200-12] (see also NLW MS 13096B above) (pp. 17-27); a list of the twenty-four Welsh strict poetic metres with illustrative examples [?transcribed from the aforementioned Panton MS 65, pp. 186-93] (see also NLW MS 13096B) (pp. 27-35); notes relating to, and lists of, Welsh musical measures [?transcribed from Panton MS 65, pp. 194-200] (see also NLW MS 13096B) (pp. 36-39); an incomplete transcript [?from Panton MS 65, pp. 182-4] of notes relating to the twenty-four traditional Welsh accomplishments (p. 40); anecdotes relating to the poet Dafydd ap Edmunt and the 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen [c. 1450] under the patronage of Gruffudd ap Nicolas, transcribed 'Ex Vol. 17, P.P.' [i.e. Panton MS 17, now NLW MS 1986A, of which manuscript see ff. 111-17] (see also NLW MS 13096B) (pp. 41-47); further miscellaneous extracts from Panton MS 17 including an anecdote relating to the poet Huw Arwystli, notes relating to the 'cantrefi' of Glamorgan, etc. (pp. 47-49); transcripts of 'englynion' by, or attributed to, D[afydd] ab Gwilym, John Mowddwy, ?Thos. Lln., and Siôn Tudur (pp. 49-50); transcripts of twenty-three 'englynion' commemorating the year of accession of every English monarch, 1066-1558, attributed to Berud ap yr Ynad Coch, Bleddyn Ddu, Cynddelw Brydydd Mawr, Lln. Fardd, Dafydd y Coet, Harri Haram Param, Cyssymdaith Llevot Wynt epolawl, Mabwaith Hengrys o Iâl, Llywelyn ap Ho wrneth, Gwilym Ddu o Arfon, Dafydd Bach ap Madoc Gwladaidd, Llygad Gwr, Daniel Llosgwrn Marw (sic), Dafydd Eppynt, Ieuan Brydydd Hir, Bleuddyn ap Ieuan Hen, Hywel Ystorun, Ierwerth Fynglwyd, Rhys Nanmor, Hywel ab Bleuddyn Mathew, Owain y Bardd 'o Wynedd', and Huw Arwystli (pp. 51-56); a list of the commissioners in whose presence the 'eisteddfod' was held at Caerwys in 1567, and of the poets and musicians who were granted licences at the said 'eisteddfod' (pp. 56-59); a list of bards present at, and notes relating to, an 'eisteddfod' held at Bala [co. Merioneth] in 1740 (p. 60); an extract relating to the code of rules for Welsh bards and musicians allegedly compiled in the time of Gruffudd ap Cynan (p. 61); and transcripts of two sequences of 'englynion' (six and five respectively) allegedly written by Siôn Prichard Prys at an 'eisteddfod' held at Bala in 1680 with the object of enlisting the aid of the bishop of Bangor and Sir Roger Mostyn in an attempt to obtain a [royal] patent for holding an 'eisteddfod' (pp. 62-64). The greater part of the contents of the remainder of the volume consists of transcripts of Welsh poems in strict and free metres, including poems by, or attributed to, [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' himself, Ieuan Tir Iarll 'sef John Bradford o'r Bettws ym Morganwg', Daf. Nicolas, William Hopkin, Daf. o'r Nant, Llywelyn ab Ifan, Siôn Hywel, Thomas Evan, 'Telynor o'r Drenewydd Nottais ym Morganwg', Morgan Pywel, Gwilym Tew (or Owain ap Rhydderch, or Ieuan ab Rhydderch), Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys, Gronwy William, Hywel Llwyd 'o Lancarfan', Wil. Tabwr, Dafydd Nicolas 'o Aberpergwm', Lewys William 'o Ferthyr Tydfyl', Thomas Williams, William Llywelyn, and Wm. Sanders 'o Landocheu'. The free-metre verse includes the words of songs written to specified airs. Other items in the volume include observations ?by Edward Williams after reading certain criticisms of John Hughes: An Essay on the Ancient and Present State of the Welsh Language [London, 1823] (pp. 113-114); notes on Welsh bardism (pp. 161-165); notes headed 'Etymologies that point out the origin and progress of civilization' (p. 167); extracts from Hugh Thomas: An Introduction to the British History [?London, ?1730] (pp. 169-171); a few Welsh triads and proverbs (pp. 227-228); a list of Welsh proverbs heard in Glamorganshire by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' arranged in alphabetical order according to the initial letter (incomplete, A-G only) (pp. 231-240); advisory or proverbial sayings attributed to Taliesin, Cattwn ddoeth, and Meugant (pp. 243-2444); a list of the ten commandments of St. Paul described as '. . . dengair deddf Pawl Sant y rhai a gafas efe o ben Iesu Grist . . .' (see John Williams: Barddas . . ., Vol. I, pp. 288-9) (p. 247); a list of Latin words commencing with the letter v with English meanings and Welsh ?derivatives (pp. 253-254); and (interspersed amongst other items), miscellaneous Welsh proverbs (pp. 241-end). In three instances the blank verso and margins of copies of a printed handbill (English) containing proposals, 1793, for publishing The Celtic Remains (vol. I by Lewis Morris, vol. II by Walter Davies) and of a printed handbill (Welsh) announcing an 'eisteddfod' to be held at Caerwys in 1798 under the patronage of the Gwyneddigion Society have been used for writing notes. A few loose leaves (pp. 261-268) have been placed in an archival envelope.

Barddoniaeth, etc.,

Miscellaneous papers and home-made booklets containing transcripts, lists, notes, memoranda, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. Pp. 1-64 contain transcripts of Welsh strict-metre poems attributed to Dafydd Benwyn, Siôn Ieuan ap Rhys Fychan, Llywelyn ap Hywel ap Ieuan ap Gronw 'o Lantrisant Misgyn', Iorwerth Hen, Dafydd Llwyd Mathau, Ieuan Du'r Bilwg, Owain ap Llywelyn ap y Moel y Pantri, Dafydd Hopcin 'o Blwyf y Coetty', Siôn Bradford, Rhys Morgan 'o Ben Craig Nedd', Gutto'r Glynn, Bedo Brwynllys, Syr Rhisiart Lewys, Siôn ap Hywel Gwynn, Rhisiart Iorwerth, Rhys Goch 'o Eryri', Ieuan Dyfi, Hopcin ap Thomas ab Einion, Dafydd ap Gwilym, and Hywel ap Dafydd ap Ieuan ap Rhys, with occasional notes on the poet and / or the poem attributed to Siôn Bradford. Preceding p. 1 are two, brown- paper leaves one of which is inscribed 'Englynion, Awdlau, a Chywyddau o Lyfr Ieuan Bradford a'i synniadau ef arnynt'. Other Welsh verse items transcribed include sequences of 'Englynion y misoedd' attributed to Merfyn Gwawdrydd and Madawg ab Merfyn Gwawdrydd (77- 85, 95-8), 'englynion' attributed to Gruff. ab Daf. ab Tudur (93), Rhisiart Iorwerth (93), Dafydd Nicolas, Aberpergwm (99), Cadwgan ap Rhys ( 99), Thos. Lln. Regoes (99), Llawdden (100), Ieuan Brydydd Hir (101), Siôn ap Dafydd (207), [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (216, 257), John Jones ' o Fôn' (218), D. Edmwnd (282), Tudur Aled (359), Edmwnd Prys (438), Gruff. Philip (438), and D[afydd ap] G[wilym] (470), a 'cywydd' attributed to Robert Huws 'o Fôn' (101-03), three poems entitled 'Buarth Beirdd', 'Canu y byd mawr', and 'Canu y byd bychan' [from the 'Book of Taliesin'] (105-10), a sequence of 'Englynion y coedydd a gant y Beirdd yn eu Cadair gân yn Llangynwyd', the 'englynion' being attributed to Edward Dafydd, Dafydd Edward, Charles Meredydd, Siams Thomas, Hywel Rhys, Dafydd Rhys, William Lidwn, Hopcin Thomas, Siôn Padam, Mathew Llwyd 'o Gelli Gaer', Llywelyn Thomas, and Harri Lleision 'o Lancarfan' (121-3), an 'awdl' and a sequence of eleven 'englynion' attributed to Edward Evans (125-30), extracts from the works of the Cynfeirdd as published in The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales, vol. I, here transcribed under the superscription 'Assonances of the school of Taliesin or of the 6th century' (149-63), ten stanzas with the title 'Cân i'r llaw' attributed to Siôn Wiliams 'o Landathan' (181-4), further extracts from the works of the Cynfeirdd as published in The Myvyrian Archaiology, vol. I, under the superscription 'Cynghanedd unawdl. Consonance of rhime the only consonance that was systematically required by the Bards of the ancient school' (202-04), four stanzas with the title 'Darnau o Gân y Mab o'r Dolau Gleision' (209), further extracts from the works of the Cynfeirdd as published in The Myvyrian Archaiology (210-12), extracts from 'Y Gododdin' (374-85), and three stanzas attributed to Mabclaf ap Llywarch (489). (continued)

Prose items include a note on a 'vellum, very ancient' manuscript of the 'Laws of Dyfnwal Moelmud and other ancient Laws antecedent to those of Hywel Dda' allegedly to be found amongst the Hengwrt MSS in the late seventeenth century (93-4), triads (133-4, 136, 279), an account of 'wear and tear expences, daily expences on my [? Edward Williams's] Tour thro' South Wales in 1802' (167), a list of 'Names of Places in N[orth] W[ales]' (168-9), notes on Gruffydd ap Cynan's connection with the Welsh bardic laws (177-80), a brief note on Welsh vernacular dialects (180), a brief genealogy of Syr Rhys ap Thomas (187), a brief account of 'schools' of Welsh poetry, viz. the Ancient or Primitive school, the schools of Taliesin, Gruffydd ap Cynan, Tir Iarll or Rhys goch ap Rhiccert, and Llawdden, the Northwalian school, the schools of Nature, Gronwy Owain, Glamorgan, and the Gwyneddigion, the modern Southwalian school, and the school of the Jumpers including 'William Williams, the hymn carpenter' (258-9, 188-91, 196-9, leaves misplaced), two lists headed 'Naw Cyhydedd' and 'Corvannau' (201), a brief note on 'cynghanedd lusc', assonant terminations, and initial and complex alliterations (205), a brief pedigree of George Owain (206), a list with the superscription 'Letters and Essays of Iolo Morganwg' (219, 235), lists of caps and wigs which would be sold 'at the Annual Fair' on All Fool's Day (222-3), a list of 'Gwyr Cwm y Felin' (224; see NLW MS 13121B above ), two medicinal recipes for the cure of cancer (227-8), a statistical table showing average rainfall in various parts of the British Isles (228), a similar table showing the population of various South Wales towns [? circa 1800, see IM, t. 5] (230), a ? introductory note to an intended collection of Welsh proverbs and aphorisms (231), extracts from The Crit[ical] Review, June 1803 (233-4), lists of rare plants, various kinds of stone, clay, etc., castles, abbeys and monasteries, ancient houses in the Gothic style, other ruins, [gentlemen's] seats, British and Roman camps, and Druidical monuments, ? all in Glamorgan (240-52), a list of Glamorgan exports (253), a list of 'Fish in Ogmore River' (255-6), a brief pedigree of Oliver Cromwell (280), a list of Welsh families who derived their surnames from their place of residence (393-4), a list of North Wales poets whose names were derived from place-names and a list of South Wales poets (395-6), notes headed 'Peculiarities of the North Walian dialect' (405-09), a list of 'Barbarous names of places in Anglesea' (413), ? extracts from 'Adam Littleton's Latin Geographical and Historical Dictionary, Anno 1678' (429-31), a note on Llanfachreth church [co. Merioneth] (438), a list of the commissioners at the 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys [co. Flint], 9 Elizabeth I, and of some of the bards licensed at the said 'eisteddfod' (453), two lots of notes on agriculture headed 'Ffermyddiaeth hen' and 'Hen ffermyddiaeth' (455-7), and biographical or genealogical notes or data (sometimes very brief) relating to Llywelyn Brenn, Ifor ap Einon, Llywelyn Bren Hen and Llywelyn Bren Ieuanc (165), Rhys Pritchard (176), Walter Lollard, Dafydd Ddu Hiraddug, John Stow, [John] Gower, and [Geoffrey] Chaucer (193), John de Ecclescliff, Lleibiaw, Ceraint Hir, Nicholas ap Gwrgant, and John Pascall, all bishops of Llandaff (192 + 200), Ifor Hael (200 + 235), Thos. Wilkins, rector of Lanmaes, ob. 1699 (200), Edward Davies, rector of St. Brides, ob. 1672 ( 201), members of the Berkrolls family (217), Gwynfardd Dyfed (235), and Wm. Llyn (487). Also included in the volume are lists or groups of Welsh words (sometimes with English definitions), extracts of varying length from the works of Welsh bards and poets (sometimes to provide examples of specific words, phrases, or names, e.g. Hu Gadarn), and notes or memoranda on a variety of subjects.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Barddoniaeth, trioedd, etc.,

Miscellaneous papers containing notes, transcripts, extracts, copies of his own poems, etc., by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume and paginated 1-390. The contents include notes on the perpetual calendar carved on wood known as 'The Staffordshire Clogg' (p. 13); notes on the special alphabet usually inscribed on wooden surfaces which, according to Edward Williams, was used by Welsh bards (pp. 15-25); notes on the method of inscribing the said bardic alphabet headed 'Llyma ddangos y modd y gwneir Coelbren y Beirdd' (p. 29; see John Williams: Barddas . . ., vol. I, pp. 142-51); notes, often in the form of questions and answers, on Welsh bardic lore relating to the origin of letters ('Pa fodd y cafad Gwybodaeth gyntaf ar lythyr' (p. 36), 'Pwy a wnaeth Lythyr gyntaf' (p. 41), 'Pwy gyntaf a gafas ddeall ar lythyr' (p. 91)), the origin of life ('O beth y Gwnaeth Duw'r byd a bywydolion' (pp. 77-8)), etc. (for much of this material see various sections of John Williams: Barddas, vol. I); notes on matters of bardic significance under headings such as 'Trioedd y Ford Gronn sef Trioedd Cadair Tir Iarll Er dangos a Gyrru addysg ar y Gwybodau a'r gelfyddyd a'r drefn a ddylid ar gadair a gorsedd ac ar Gerdd Dafawd . . .' (p. 72), 'Llyma Dderwyddoniaeth Beirdd Ynys Prydain a'i Barn am Dduw a phob bywydolion . . .' (pp. 85-9; see Barddas, vol. I, pp. 204-13), 'Llyma Rol Cof a Chyfrif' (pp. 212-14; see Iolo Manuscripts . . ., pp. 45-9, 424-9), and 'Teuluwr-Datgeiniad' (p. 244 ); notes on Welsh poetic metres, etc., headed 'Cerdd Deulu' (p.42), 'Llawrol y Beirdd Meyryg Dafydd' (pp. 51-2), 'Cylmau sef Caeau Cerdd Dafawd' (p. 180), and 'Pedwar Mesur ar hugain Dosparth Caerfyrddin' (p. 355); lists, many incomplete, of miscellaneous Welsh triads including lists with the headings 'Llyma Drioedd y Beirdd' (p. 78), 'Trioedd Ynys Prydain o Lyfr Iaco ab Dewi gan Rys Thomas' (pp. 157-63), 'Trioedd Cymmysg, 1798' (pp. 169-70), 'Trioedd o Lyfr Menw Hen' (p. 171), 'Trioedd Bonedd' (p. 172 ), 'Trioedd Addwynder' (pp. 173-5), 'Trioedd Gruffydd ab Cynan' (pp.183-? 90) 'Trioedd Dosparth y Ford Gronn' (p. 221), 'Trioedd amravaelion' (pp. 223-4), 'Trioedd Cerdd' (pp. 232-3, 267-8, 273), 'Trioedd Ach a Bonedd' (p. 234), 'Trioedd y Beirdd (Octr. 1797)' (pp. 241-2), 'Eraill o drioedd y Teuluwr' (pp. 245-6), 'Llyma drioedd Cerdd o Lyfr Celli Wion' (pp. 246-7), 'Llyma Hen drioedd Cyfarwyddyd . . .' (p. 249), 'Trioedd Cymmysg' (pp. 249- 50, 271-2), 'Trioedd Derwyddoniaeth' (p. 254), 'Trioedd y Beirdd' (pp. 258 + 252), 'Trioedd Barddas a Defodau' (pp. 260-62; see Barddas, vol. I, pp. 344-57), 'Trioedd Bonedd' (pp. 263-5, ? 262), 'Llyma Drioedd Llelo Llawdrwm . . .' (pp. 270-71), 'Llyma Drioedd o amrafaelion lyfrau . . .' ( pp. 273-4), and '. . . Rhai o drioedd ynys prydain a gymerwyd allan o lyfr Mr. Fychan yn Llyfrgell Hengwrt gan Lewis Morris, Esqr., 1738' (pp. 279-80 ); English translations of two of the aforementioned lists of triads under the headings 'The Bardic Triades' (pp. 251 + 253), and 'Druidic Triades' (p. 255); a copy of an 'awdl' attributed to Dafydd y Coed (p. 56); notes on Sir Gruffydd Llwyd, son of Rhys ap Gruffydd, and the late thirteenth century Welsh poet Trahaearn (p. 57); a copy of an epitaph attributed to Edw[ar]d Rich[ar]ds, Ystrad Meurig (p. 118); music and words under the heading 'Cyngog yr Iuddewonn' (p. 123); notes headed 'Collections for a Silurian Grammar' (pp. 129-30); notes ? on a proposal to publish a multi-volume work or works on matters of Welsh bardic, literary, linguistic, historical, and antiquarian interest (pp. 229-30, 236); notes on various forms of the proper name Einigan (pp. 238-9); a list of the names of ancient Welsh bards (p. 248); a version of the Welsh prose text 'Breuddwyd Gronwy Ddu' (pp. 275-6); a list of the traditional thirteen royal treasures of the Isle of Britain ('Llyma drithlws ar ddeg o frenin dlysau ynys prydain . . .') (p.276); draft proposals for publishing Cyfrinach Beirdd Ynys Prydain (p. 281); and a letter from [Edward Williams ] 'Iorwerth Morganwg' from Tredelerch, to John Edwards at Mr. Owen Jones, London, 1784 (personal, a ? proposed publication by 'Sieffrai o Walsal', Mr. [William] Warrington's proposed 'History of Wales', the writer's interest in the old realm of Glamorgan, changes in the names and boundaries of the medieval divisions of Wales, mention of [Owen Jones, 'Owain] Myfyr' and the Cymmrodorion and Gwyneddigion Societies, a request for a copy of 'awdl Aneurin ar amrafael rhannau Cymru') (pp. 343-6). The contents of pp. 289-342 and 347-82 consist almost entirely of transcripts of Welsh strict-metre poems in the form of 'cywyddau' and 'englynion'. Many of these bear one of the various bardic names adopted by Edward Williams at various times ('Iorwerth Morganwg', 'Iorwerth Gwilym neu brydydd bychan Morganwg', 'Iolo Morganwg') and all may possibly be his compositions.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Bardism; miscellanea,

A volume (pp. i-xxii; 1-449) containing miscellaneous items, many relating to Welsh bardism, in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents include pp. 1-3, a note re the proclamation in 1795 of a bardic meeting to be held at Pen Bryn Owain in co. Glamorgan in 1796; 3-7, notes re the times of holding bardic meetings ('Cadair a Gorsedd wrth Gerdd a Barddoniaeth'), etc.; 7-16, eleven rules under the superscription 'Darbodau Gorsedd Gyfallwy Cadair Morganwg . . . ar Benn Brynn Owain ym Morganwg . . . 1795' relating to the conduct of bardic meetings, the measures, content, and language of poems, the bards, etc.; 25-8, a note of a proclamation in 1798 of a 'Cadair a Gorsedd ar Gerdd a Barddoniaeth' to be held at Pen Brynn Owain in co. Glamorgan in twelve months time, notes on the times of holding future bardic meetings '. . . ymmraint Cadair Orsedd Morganwg . . . ar ben Twyn Owain', and a geographical definition of the term Morgannwg in this context; 35-44., notes headed 'Coelbren y Beirdd herwydd Llyfr Llywelyn Siôn' being notes relating to the special alphabet reputedly devised by the Welsh bards for carving or notching on wooden surfaces and different modes of constructing wooden appliances or so-called 'books' which could be used as writing surfaces when utilising this alphabet; 51, an incomplete version of a 'question and answer' conversation between a teacher and his disciple; 55-6, notes relating to early British bards called 'gwyddoniaid', a bardic meeting between Prydain ab Aedd Mawr and three of these bards called Plennydd, Alawn, and Gwron ('Tri Phrif Feirdd Ynys Prydain'), rules for the bardic order formulated then, etc.; 57-60, English definitions of, or notes in Welsh on, terms of bardic relevance, e.g. 'Alban', 'Gorsedd Arddangos', 'Arwest', 'Cerdd Arwest'; 63-73, extracts of varying length from the works of Welsh poets ? illustrating bardic or poetic terms ('Bardic Allusions from the Welsh Bards'); 79, a note on 'Colofn Prydain (sef felly y gelwir y Gyhydedd Gyrch yn Llyfr Gm. Tew)'; 80-82, notes on Welsh literary production up to and including the fifteenth century mentioning Dafydd ap Gwilym, Llawdden, Harri ap Rhys ap Gwilym, Ieuan Brechfa, Edeyrn dafawd aur, Einiawn offeiriad, Dafydd Ddu Hiraddug, and Hopkin ap Thomas; 82-6, notes relating to an 'eisteddfod' held under the patronage of Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Tewdwr in Aberteifi and to rules concerning the order of bards and musicians formulated there; 87-8, brief notes on the bardic 'cadair arddangos' and 'cadair dwmpath'; 89, a note relating to the original of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, an extract from the said work, and a note on 'a circumstance . . . exactly similar' in a poem by Dafydd ap Gwilym; 90-91, notes on Dafydd ap Gwilym and his poetry; 92-4, notes on the Welsh alphabet; 95-? 104, the rules and customs of the bardic chair of Tir Iarll ('Trefnau a Defodau Cadair Tir Iarll'); 111-13, bardic miscellanea; 119- 22, notes relating to the rights, etc., of the bardic order with the superscription 'Llyma ddangos amrafaelion o arferion a breiniau a defodau a barnau a chyfarwyddyd a berthynent i Feirdd a gwyr wrth gerdd o'r hen Lyfrau'; 127-33, notes on 'Cerdd Gadair', 'Cerdd Deuluaidd', 'Clergerdd', 'Datgeiniad Cadair', and 'Datgeiniad Penpastwn'; (continued)

135-7 + 145, further notes re rules for bardic meetings; 142, two triads; 143-4 + 155, notes relating to ? the Welsh bardic alphabet; 154, a note on 'Tair colofn Barddoniaeth'; 157-9, notes relating to the alleged association between (a) Gruffudd ap Cynan and Bleddyn ap Cynfyn and the code of rules for the bardic order, (b) Bleddyn ap Cynfyn and 'regulations for genealogies and armorial bearings', (c) Rhys ap Tewdwr and the introduction of the 'Bardic Laws of the Round Table' from Armorica, and (d) Gruffudd ap Cynan and 'a musical sessions in Glyn Achlach in Ireland . . . 1096'; 171-4, a transcript of twelve stanzas of Welsh verse attributed to Siencyn o'r Crwys y Prydydd; 174, a list of 'Plant Caw o Brydyn'; 175, a transcript of a twelve-line Welsh stanza allegedly composed by Thomas Glyn Cothi on the occasion of the French landing at Fishguard in 1797; 176-7, genealogical data relating to the family of Iestyn ab Gwrgan and related families; 178, a transcript of an 'englyn' relating to Owain Glyn Dyfrdwy attributed to Ieuan Gethin ap Ieuan ap Lleision; 179, a few entries relating to events in Welsh history, 870-959; 180, a transcript of 'englynion' ? attributed to Hywel Ystoryn; 181-6, an anecdote and notes relating to ? the reputed poetesses of Ty Talwyn, parish of Llangynwyd [co. Glamorgan]; 187 + 193, skeleton notes on Llanilid, Llanharan, Llanhari, Llantrisaint, St. Donats, and Flimston [co. Glamorgan]; 188-9, historical and other notes relating to the parish of Merthyr Tydvil [co. Glamorgan]; 190, a list of 'Antiquities in and about Merthyr'; 191, a note on Mallt Walbi 'a Brecon virago' and leader of a gang of freebooters, and a list of 'Remarkable Parishes' [in Glamorgan]; 192, a list of 'Antiquities in and about Lantwit Major' [co. Glamorgan]; 205, extracts relating to 'Melchin, an ancient British author', 'Hu Gadarn', etc., 'Ex Celtic Remains by Lewis Morris'; 206-07, a note on heroic poetry and the attitude of the 'descendants of the Celts' towards it; 219- 22, comments on orthography arising out of [William] Owen [Pughe]'s innovations with regard to Welsh orthography; 223-7, notes relating to the formation of compounds and plurals of monosyllabic words in ancient Cimbric and modern Welsh; 227-39, notes relating to the original home of the Cymry and early druidism and bardism, etc.; 241, a short list of Welsh words relating to worship with English definitions; 242-4, notes on the principles of druidism; 246-51, notes relating to the 'Great Eisteddfod at Caermarthen' [? 1451], 'the system of versification that received the sanction of that Eisteddfod', the adoption of this system by the bards of North Wales and some of those of South Wales, its rejection by the bards of Glamorgan and their compilation of 'a system of discipline, of Poetical Criticism, of Versification, and of whatever appertained to their science', the death of the Carmarthen system during the reign of James I, Gronwy Owen's verse, and the Gwyneddigion Society's annual Welsh poetry competition and its attempt 'to restore the system of the Carmarthen Eisteddfod'; 252-4, notes relating to an 'eisteddfod' held at Nant Gonwy, 1 Edward IV, incorporating 'englynion' attributed to Dafydd ap Edmund and Twm Tegid Brydydd 'o Langower ym Mhenllyn'; 259-66 + 274-82, an outline journal of a journey from South to North Wales and back, July-August 1800, the places mentioned on the northward journey including Cowbridge, Bridgend, Neath, Caeo, Dolau Cothi, Pumsaint, Clydogau Mountain, Llanfair Cludogeu, Llandewi Brevi, Tregaron, Pont Rhyd Fendigaid, Hafod, Pont ar fynach, Llanbadarn, Aberdyfi, Towyn, Dolgelleu, and Blaeneu (a visit to [Rhys Jones, antiquary and poet] and transcribing of manuscripts), and on the return journey Llanfachreth, Dolgelley (mention here of harpists and of the origin of the triple-stringed harp), Carneddi Hengwm, Tal y llynn, Abergyrnolwyn, Aberdyfi, Aberystwyth, Llanrhystid, Tal y sarn, New Inn, Abergwily, Caerm[arthe]n, Llangyndeyrn, Pont y Berem, Llan Nonn, Cydwely, Llanelly, Pont ar Ddulais, Swansea, Llangynwyd, and Bridgend; 262, a transcript of twelve lines of English verse entitled 'Loyalty by a Cobler'; 264, a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Huw Llwyd Cynfel; 270-73, a Welsh saints' calendar; 306, a plan of a 'Sheepfold at the foot of Cadair Idris, another in ruins on the same plan Cefn Merthyr, several more in Glamorgan'; (continued)

307, a transcript of the 'title-page' of Edward Jones: The Bardic Museum of Primitive British Literature . . .; 308-13, a series of eleven Welsh triads ('Llyma Drioedd y Beirdd') with an English translation thereof extracted from pp. 1-4 of the aforementioned Bardic Museum by Edward Jones; 316, a medicinal recipe for rheumatism in the head; 317, a 'Plan of a school house or accademy'; 323-38, extracts from Sharon Turner: History . . . of the Anglo-Saxons [vol. IV], relating to the language, literature, and music of the Anglo - Saxons; 339-43, notes on, and extracts from, [Walter] Scott's 'Lay of the Last Minstrel'; 359-62, extracts from a review of Edward Moor: The Hindu Pantheon which appeared in The Edinburgh Review, February 1811; 367-70, brief notes relating to the poetic dialect of the Welsh bards, the 'ancient [Welsh] Prose dialect', 'the modern [Welsh] literary Dialect', and 'The Venedotian Dialect' and its use in literature, and comments on the efforts of 'A Welsh (would-be literary) Society in London . . . to patronize the Welsh Language'; 373-80, notes relating to the introduction of Scaldic bardism into North Wales in the time of Gruffudd ap Cynan and the consequent disappearance of the old British bardism in that part of the country, the preservation of the old bardism in Glamorgan, and the invigorating effect of the 'Scaldic manner or system' on Welsh poetry and the Welsh language, general comments on the moral tone of Welsh literature, etc.; 381, three 'grammatical' triads; 382, a very brief list of Irish words in the Venedotian dialect; 383, an extract 'Ex Vol. 35 Plas Gwynn Mon' [i.e. Panton MS 35 now NLW MS 2003] relating to the 'dymchwelawl' poetic metre; 384, a note relating to an old manuscript volume containing Welsh miracle plays in the possession of 'Dr. Thomas yn Llwyn Iwrch' in the eighteenth century; 385-6, comments on the practice of calling 'the ancient British Religion Druidical'; 387-9, general observations on the development of the 'system of versification and of poetical criticism . . . of the Welsh Bards'; 390, a brief note on 'Bardism or Druidism'; 391-2, a list of fourteen chapter headings for a proposed 'History of the Bards' [? by Edward Williams], with a note at the beginning 'A Bad Plan' and at the end 'The above is only the first rude sketch of 1791 and here only retained as containing a few hints that may be useful' (in addition to material on British / Welsh bardism and druidism and Welsh music this work was to contain chapters on Irish and Highland bards, Scandinavian scalds, Provencal troubadours, and Saxon and English minstrels); 392-4, a list of thirty-six topics or subject or chapter headings being 'Another arrangement' [presumably for the proposed 'History of the Bards']; 395, a transcript of three 'englynion' attributed to Gutto'r Glyn, the third being attributed also to H[ywel] D[afydd] I[eua] n Rhys (an accompanying note mentions an 'eisteddfod' at Cardiff Castle); 396-7, a list of six 'Topics for the Bards Common Place book'; 398, a list of dates ? in connection with the holding of 'eisteddfodau' at Ystrad Ywain [co. Glamorgan]; 399-400, notes relating to the 'Polity or Discipline' of the druids and bards; 407, a list of fourteen 'names given by the ancient Bards to the Coronog faban' (part Welsh, part English, and derived from [Thomas] Pugh [: Brittish and Out-landish] Prophesies . . . [ London, 1658]); 408-18, notes relating largely to early British bardism and druidism with mention of [James] MacPherson and the Ossianic poems; 423-5, miscellaneous triads, etc.; 426 + 430-31, general reflections relating to etymology; 427-9, reflections on the use of conjecture in history particularly 'with respect to the peopling of Europe and America' if no historical records were available; 431-3, notes relating to the dissension between the bards of North Wales and those of Glamorgan consequent upon the 'succesful attempt of Daf[ydd] ab Edmund at the Caermarthen Congress [? 1451] to establish his own system [of versification]', the researches undertaken by the Glamorgan bards into 'Bardic history and science' and their discovery of 'the true principles of Poetry and versification', etc.; 435-7, notes containing general reflections on changes in the Welsh language and poetry from the late thirteenth century onwards; and 438, a list of six Welsh triads.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Cyfrinach beirdd ynys Prydain,

A volume written by Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', and containing a copy of 'Cyfrinach Beirdd Ynys Prydain' which is very similar to, but not identical with, the text published in 1829, pp. 1-171 (cf. I. A. Williams MS 33A). On the outside of the cover are the words 'Cyfrinach Beirdd Ynys Prydain, (?) 1470, Rhol I . . .', and sewn in at the beginning are draft proposals for printing the work ('Cynnygiad i argraphu drwy gynhorthwy, Cyfrinach Beirdd Ynys Prydain . . .'). The pages now numbered [v-viii] were written after the main body of the manuscript and contain a note concerning Sir Richard Bassett and his descendants, a list of 'Cyhydeddau Sion Dafydd Rhys', 'Cyhydeddau Simwnt Fychan', and 'Colofnau Cerdd Dafod', and a title-page for the edition of 'Cyfrinach Beirdd Ynys Prydain' which was to have appeared in 1822; there are some later additions and interlineations elsewhere also in the volume. Both black ink and red ink have been used in the manuscript and pasted on to p. [x] is a line-engraving described as 'Y Coronog Faban' with the following note by Iolo Morganwg: 'Mr. Basire - "Too Good to have been by any known artist but Albert Durer", it is says he a "wood cut". Inside the back cover is a list, with page references, headed 'Rhai o'r Cynhwysiadau.'

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Dosbarth Edern Dafod Aur; Gramadeg y Beirdd, &c.

A volume in the hand of William Maurice of Cefn-y-braich, Llansilin, Denbighshire. The name 'Guil. Mauriciu[m]' appears on f. 4 verso and 'Guil. Mauricij' on f. 5. The entry on f. 4 verso, which reads '[ ] Brit. Gram[m]atica, ex Autographo [memb]ranaceo fidelitur transcript per Guil. Mauriciu[m] Lansilinensem tunc Studij Antiq. Tironem. Ano. D[omi]ni 1639. Aet: 19.', not only gives Maurice's age and an idea of his year of birth, which was not previously known, but also links the manuscript with item number 38 in a list of manuscripts at Wynnstay in Angharad Llwyd's 'Catalogue of Welsh manuscripts, etc. in North Wales', Transactions of the Cymmrodorion... 2.1 (1828), 36-58 (p. 53). A note added on f. 20 verso reads 'Y nawed dydd ar higain /o/fis Ionawr pann oedd oed Crist mil a chwechant a phedwar ar ddeg a rhigain y llosgodd dâs eithin Curn Foelfre gann dân or awyr' and also links the manuscript to the Llansilin area, the hill Gyrn Foelfre being just over a mile from Cefn-y-braich. The ink throughout is heavy dark brown ink, which is so characteristic of William Maurice's transcriptions. This is interspersed with red ink, especially when citing literary quotations as examples (ff. 31 verso-51, 53-57). A note in the hand of William Maurice (f. 57), incomplete because of fire damage, suggests that the manuscript was copied from a manuscript borrowed from '[ ] Siôn'. This may well be a reference to Richard ap Siôn of Sgorlegan, Llangynhafal (fl. 1578-1611), who is known to have transcribed copies of the bardic grammars [Peniarth MSS 159-160]. The original text probably measured 140 x 190 mm.; the text was arranged in two columns, each 90 mm. wide; most of the right hand column (recto) and left hand column (verso) has been lost as a result of the fire.
The manuscript contains the following: 'Llyma ddosbarth Edyrn dafod avr' (ff. 5-10 verso); 'Llyma ddechrav dosbarth y pvmp llyfr cerddwriaeth cerdd dafawd' (ff. 11-20 verso); 'pa sawl rhan y sydd o ymadrodd' (ff. 21-40 verso); 'Bellach yr ysbyswn am y pedwar messvr ar vgain cerdd dafawd' (ff. 41-54 verso); 'Bellach yr ysbyswnn am ba fodd a pha ddelw y dyleir moli pob gradd' (ff. 55-59); two verses of poetry, one of which is attributed to Huw ab Robert (f. 59 verso). A discussion of the texts contained in the manuscript is contained in the volume Gramadegau'r Penceirddiaid, ed. by G. J. Williams & E. J. Jones (Caerdydd, 1934)

Maurice, William, -approximately 1680

Geirfau, etc.,

Miscellaneous papers containing notes, extracts, transcripts, lists, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. Pp. 9-62, 68-73, 76- 90, 107-48, 213-20 and various other pages in the volume contain miscellaneous Welsh word lists frequently, but not invariably, with English definitions and illustrative excerpts from the works of Welsh poets. Other items include pp. 63-5, an incomplete 'Cornish - Silurian vocabulary' (words beginning with letter A only); 75, a comparative word list with the superscription 'Peculiarities of the Silurian and Venedotian dialects'; 93-106, a list of popular proverbial and figurative expressions or phrases in Welsh (see IM, t. 389); 149-50, 157-63, lists of Latin proper names, common nouns, etc., largely connected with ancient Gaul; 153- 6, 165-208, a French - English vocabulary with Welsh cognates of the French words; 221-30, a Cornish - English vocabulary with the superscription 'Borlace Vocabulary' [probably transcribed from, or based upon, the vocabulary to be found in William Borlase: Antiquities, Historical and Monumental, of the County of Cornwall . . . (1754, 2nd ed. 1769)], with Welsh cognates of the Cornish words; 236, 'Some Names of Rivers in Glamorganshire'; 237, a copy of a poem attributed to Taliesin; 240, notes headed 'Names of Mountains'; 241-2, notes headed 'Appelative Name of Watter', and 'Proper Names of Rivers'; 251-8, a collection of Welsh proverbs arranged alphabetically according to the initial letter (incomplete, G-Y only); 260-61, a Welsh poem by Edward Williams; 262, a list of 'Silurian words agreeing with Armoric'; 273-4, two lists with the headings 'Books and MSS. useful towards the History of Cardiff', and 'Hints and Materials for the History of Cardiff' respectively; 281-2, a copy of a thirty-eight stanza anti-Puritan poem entitled 'Cân i Ladron Morganwg' attributed to 'Jenkin Rhichards o Flaenau Gwent' and dated 1646 (for an assessment of the historical evidence presented in this poem see Thomas Richards: A History of the Puritan Movement in Wales (London, 1920), p. 211, and the same author's Religious Developments in Wales, 1654-1662 ( London, 1923), pp. 191-4, and for doubts as to its authenticity IM, tt. 254-63); 283-4, a transcript of a letter from [the Reverend] Edw[ar]d Gamage [from St. Athan] to Llywelyn [ab Ifan] 'o'r Cannerw', undated (replying to a request for the names of books for the study of the Welsh language, observations on differences between the dialects of Glamorgan and North Wales, a suggestion that a scholarly, bardic language be formed from the best elements in all regional dialects) (for a holograph copy of a letter from Edward Gamage to Llywelyn ab Ifan see NLW MS 13077B and for transcripts by Edward Williams of letters from, or allegedly from, Gamage to the same recipient in addition to the present example see NLW MSS 13095B, 13100B; for observations on these letters and the dubious authenticity of the Williams transcripts see IMCY, tt. 58-60, TLLM, tt. 107, 195, and IM, tt. 245-6); 285, a copy of an 'englyn' descriptive of a silkworm and 'composed of vowels'; 291, an incomplete transcript of [Thomas] Gray's 'Ode on the Pleasure arising from Vicissitude'; 295-8, a chronicle of events in British-Welsh history, 1076-1110; 299-300, notes on the Welsh bardic order with references to [James] Macpherson's theories about the druids and bards and a comment on his Fingal poem; 302, extracts from the Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure, 1768; 303-04, a transcript of [Taliesin's poem] 'Gwaith Argoed Llwyfain' with an English translation thereof by W[illia]m Whitehead (see Edward Jones: Musical and Poetical Relicks of the Welsh Bards . . . (1784), pp. 5-6); 307-10, an English translation of the title-page of Theophilus Evans: Drych y Prif Oesoedd . . ., ail arg. [1740], and of pp. 107-10 of the text of the work; 315-16, a copy of a letter from 'Christopher Crabstick', servant of Mr. Windham [Thomas Wyndham of Dunraven Castle, co. Glamorgan], to Captain Wind[s]or [Captain Thomas Windsor, R.N.), undated (a satirical attack on recipient's decision to offer himself as a candidate in the parliamentary election for the county of Glamorgan [?1789]); 323, draft copies of an election song to accompany the preceding item; 317-20, brief notes on the topography, agriculture, mineral wealth, etc., of the three main divisions of Glamorgan; 321-2, an advertisement for a proposed history of the town of Cardiff and lordship of Glamorgan; 326, a copy of the proposed title- page of Edward Williams's intended 'History of the Ancient British Bards or Druids' to be published in 1795; 327-30, notes on Welsh poetic metres ('Am gysefin ansawdd y mesurau') and on bardic ceremonial ('defodau . . . wrth gynnal gorsedd'); 333-4, prose items with the superscriptions 'Casbethau serchog', 'Llyma lythr anfon serch o waith D.G. o lyfr Ovydd', 'Dewisbethau serchog o lyfr Ofydd', and 'Casbethau Eiddig'; 335-6 two sequences of stanzas (twenty-one and twenty-four respectively) of Welsh prophetic verse with each stanza commencing with the words 'Coronog faban . . .', the first sequence being taken, with revised orthography, from Thomas Pugh: Brittish and Out-landish Prophesies . . . (London, 1658) [pp- 47-51, 37-8] (for the text of both sequences see Iolo Manuscripts . . ., pp. 276-82); 337-8, an incomplete copy of a Welsh poem describing the county of Glamorgan, its towns, etc. (for the missing portion, i.e., stanzas 1-30, see Iolo Aneurin Williams MS 97 in the National Library of Wales); 339-40 transcripts of two 'cywyddau' attributed to Ieuan ap Hywel Swrdwal and Gruff. ap Ieuan ap Llywelyn Fychan; 341-2, a transcript of a letter in Welsh from the poet Gronw Owen from Donnington, co. Salop, to William Elias, 1751 (for the text of this letter and notes on problems relating thereto see J. H. Davies (ed.): The Letters of Goronwy Owen . . . (Cardiff, 1924), pp. 3-4, 203-04); 343-5 medical maxims in Welsh; and 347-8, transcripts of 'englynion' by Wm. Llyn, H[uw] Llyn, and Edward Morris. Also included are miscellaneous notes on bardic, literary, and historical matters, etc.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Gramadeg y beirdd, etc.,

A composite volume containing miscellaneous transcripts, extracts, notes, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Pp. 1-60 contain a copy of the medieval Welsh metrical treatise or bardic grammar which is usually attributed to Einion Offeiriad and/or Dafydd Ddu o Hiraddug. In the present version which, according to a note on p. 61, was transcribed [by Edward Williams] from manuscript texts then in the possession of Mr. [Thomas] Richards of Llangrallo [co. Glamorgan] and the Reverend Thomas Evans of Brechfa [co. Carmarthen], the work is, however, attributed to Edern Dafod Aur. For the probable source of the present text, subsequent transcripts made of it, its attribution (probably by Edward Williams) to Edern Dafod Aur, and its connection with the version published in John Williams ('Ab Ithel'): Dosparth Edeyrn Davod Aur . . . (Llandovery, 1856), see the introduction to G. J. Williams ac E. J. Jones (gol.) : Gramadegau' r Penceirddiaid (Caerdydd, 1934), p. xv, and J. Morris-Jones: 'Dosbarth Edern Dafod Aur', The Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, 1923 4, pp. 1-28. The other items in the volume include pp. 61-70, variant readings of the text of the above-mentioned treatise to be found in the two manuscript sources noted; 85-6, notes on Welsh poetic metres and on an 'eisteddfod' reputedly held at Marchwiail, co. Denbigh, circa 1350 or later in the fourteenth century; 87-8, a list of the contents of pp. 89-247 (previously paginated 1-161); 89-110, a version of the statute or code of rules for regulating the training and conduct of Welsh bards and musicians usually associated with the name of Gruffudd ap Cynan and here associated with the names of the said Gruffudd and Bleddyn ap Cynfyn ('. . . o Lyfr . . . Mr. Wiliam Wiliams o Landegai yn Arfon'); 110-13, notes on an 'eisteddfod' held by invitation of Rhys ap Gruffudd, lord of Dinefwr, at Cardigan (from the same source as the preceding item); 113-17, another shorter version of the above-mentioned statute with notes of subsequent confirmations by Rhys ap Tewdwr and his grandson Rhys ap Gruffudd ('O Lyfr Hywel Rhys o'r Faenor'); 118, a sketch plan showing the ? respective positions of the different grades of bards and musicians at an 'eisteddfod' and sketches of some musical instruments ('O Lyfr Hafod Ychtryd ysgrifen John Jones o'r Gelli Lyfdy'); 119-23, a further version of the abovementioned statute as reputedly confirmed at an 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys [co. Flint], 1568 ('O Lyfr Mr. Cobb o Gaer Dydd'); 124-44, a treatise on Welsh poetic metres with the superscription 'Llyma Gyfarwyddyd Ar Fesurau Cerdd Dafawd a dynnwyd allan o Lyfrau Simwnt Fychan Bencerdd ag eraill . . .' and with a concluding note '. . . A myfi Wiliam Philip o'r Hendre Fechan yn Ardudwy a'i tynnais allan o waith yr awduron gorchestol a fuant o'm blaen . . .', transcribed from 'un o Lyfrau Mr. Cobb o Gaer Dydd yn . . . 1782'; 145-53, a further version of the statute of Gruffudd ap Cynan as confirmed at an 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys in 1524 (recte 1523), with a list of bards and musicians licensed at the said 'eisteddfod', transcribed 'o No. 65, P.P., Yswain, Plas Newydd ym Môn' (i.e ., from Panton MS 65, now NLW MS 2031, of which see pp. 200-12] (see also NLW MS 13099B); 153-60, a list of the twenty-four Welsh strict poetic metres with illustrative examples [? transcribed from the aforementioned Panton MS 65, pp. 186-93] (see also NLW MS 13099B); 160- 64, notes on, and lists of, Welsh musical measures, etc., transcribed 'o Lyfr No. 65 Plas Newydd ym Môn' [i.e. Panton MS 65, of which see pp. 194- 200] (see also NLW MS 13099B); 164-70, anecdotes relating to Dafydd ap Edmwnt and the 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen [circa 1450] in the presence of Gruffudd ap Nicolas (according to the superscription 'Ex Vol. XVII, P.P. Plas Newydd, Môn' [i.e. Panton MS.17 now NLW MS 1986A], but, according to a note on p. 170, copied from an old manuscript at Plas Newydd and compared with versions in another manuscript there and a manuscript in the Hengwrt Library in the hand of J[ohn] Jones of Gelli Lyfdy [this last possibly now Peniarth MS 267 in the National Library]); 171-94, an account of the revision of the regulations relating to the Welsh bards and musicians, the rules of 'cynghanedd', and the twenty-four strict metres undertaken in connection with, or at, the aforementioned 'eisteddfod' held by Gruffudd ap Nicolas at Carmarthen, anecdotes relating to Dafydd ap Edmwnd and the said 'eisteddfod', etc., taken 'O Lyfr Iago ab Dewi yn awr gan Mr. Thomas Evans o Frechfa' (for the text of pp. 171-94 see Y Greal . . ., 1805-1806, tt. 49-61, 97-103, 151-4, and for an evaluation of the contents G. J. Williams: 'Eisteddfod Caerfyrddin', Y Llenor, cyf. V, tt. 94-5; see also IMCY, tt. 86-95); 195-9, further anecdotes relating to Dafydd ap Edmwnd and the aforesaid 'eisteddfod' at Carmarthen and an 'eisteddfod' at Nant Gonwy, notes relating to the date of the 'eisteddfod' at Carmarthen, a list of four 'eisteddfodau' held at Carmarthen, Abermarlas, and Castell Gweblai, 1452-1486, etc.; 201-35, a version of the treatise on Welsh bardic craft published by William Midleton in 1593 [Bardhoniaeth neu brydydhiaeth y llyfr kyntaf . . . ( Llundain, 1593)] with additions and variations, which are probably to be attributed to Edward Williams himself, inserted in, or appended to, the text of the original treatise (see the introduction to G. J. Williams (gol .): Barddoniaeth neu Brydyddiaeth gan Wiliam Midleton . . . (Caerdydd, 1930), more particularly tt. 42-4); 235-40, further notes on Welsh poetic metres; and 241-6, further notes relating to two 'eisteddfodau' held at Carmarthen, ?1451 and ?1461.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Lecture notes on Welsh poetry, &c,

  • NLW MS 16192i-iiiB.
  • File
  • 1902-1904

Three copybooks of lecture notes, 1902-1904, compiled by John Tudor of Hebron, Pembrokeshire, whilst an undergraduate at the University College of North Wales, Bangor.
The volumes include notes on Welsh poetry (1450-1600) and exercises in Hebrew grammar (NLW MS 16192iB); notes on Welsh poetry (1300-1450), notes on Welsh and Irish philology and a comparative list of Irish and Welsh words (NLW MS 16192iiB); and notes on Welsh poets of the fifteenth century (NLW MS 16192iiiB). A note from the donor is included (with NLW MS 16192iB)

Tudor, John, 1877-1952.

Letters, vol. II,

A volume made up of about two hundred and twenty items of correspondence, etc., 1784-1806, 1833, and undated, with one or two later items, nearly all addressed to William Owen [-Pughe]. The correspondents are: pp. 231, 377, 649, Joseph Allen, 'Teacher of the Mathematics', Pembroke, and 'at Richard Mathias' Esqr., Hayston hill near Johnston, Pembrokeshire', 1790-1802 (3) (the addressee's dictionary, etc., he (J.A.) is engaged by Mr. Wilmott, bookseller at Pembroke, to compile a history of co. Pembroke); p. 457, [?Carl Gottlieb] Anton, Goerliz, [17]96 (1) (delay in receiving his letter, philology, etc.); p. 573, J[oseph] G[urney] Bevan, 1799 (1) (his preference for the term 'Cyfaill' rather than 'Carodawr' for 'Quaker', (?) E. Pugh's Annerch ir Cymru); pp. 765, 777, Wm. Bingley, Christchurch, Hants., 1803 (2) (requesting English translations of the names of Welsh tunes, the second volume of Mr. [?Edward] Jones's work, what he must combat in his own new publication on N[orth] Wales); p. 37, B. Bishop, [London] 1806 (1) (a message from Mr. Chandless); p. 443, John Brand, Secretary of the Society of Antiquaries, 1796 (1) (an acknowledgement); pp. 81, 87, 439, 445, 479, 507, 519, 525, 555, 637, 685, 689, 741, 755, 761, Geo[rge] Chalmers, Office for Trade, etc., 1796-1805 and undated (15) (invitations, queries, Mr. Davies's Report on the Agriculture of Wales, the death of [John] Owen, re a catalogue of Lord Macclesfield's Welsh MSS., Mr. [Sharon] Turner's Vindication of the old poets); p. 539, Ja: Chalmers [London], 1798 (1) (enclosing a letter from Mr. Dalley to his uncle [?George Chalmers]); p. 51, (?)Tho. Chandless, Brighton, 1806 (1) (legal matters); p. 465, Edwd. Charles, n.d. (1, to Thomas Roberts, Poultry) (mention of Y Geirgrawn, the name Llwynrhudol is in his view incorrect); p. 3, [Thos. Charles], Bala, 1806 (1) (one or two errata in the book of Isaiah, mention of the ABC and the spelling-book, an order for ink); pp. 595, 601, 655, 659, 667, 679, 693, 697, 701, 705, 709, 723, Wm. Coxe, Bemerton, etc., 1799-1802 and undated (12) (requesting the addressee's observations on an inscription in the church of Usk, British etymologies, he has thoughts of printing Richard of Cirencester's 'Account of the Antient State of Britain', his answer to Pinkerton); pp. 15, 63, 119, Wm. Cunnington, Heytesbury, 1806 (3) (Abury and Stonehenge, a meteor, tumuli); p. 563, J. Dalley, Custom House, 1798 (1, to Geo[rge] Chalmers) (re creeks and ports); pp. 281, 295, 299, 407 (see 581 for continuation), 503, 511, 529, 551, 589, 623 and add. i, Edwd. Davies, Sodbury and Olveston, 1792-1799 (11) (his determination to attempt something for the elucidation of the ancient bards, his views with regard to the 24 metres, mention of the addressee's dictionary and the proposed work [Myvyrian Archaiology], the bardic alphabet, etc.); pp. 7, 271, Hugh Davies, Aber and Beaumares, 1791 and 1806 (2) (the addressee's Welsh Botanologium, subscribers' names, an outline of another letter); p. 329, Reit [Reynold] Davies, Streatham, 1793 (1) (it is impossible for him to attend the meeting,at Primrose Hill); p. 415, W[alter] Davies ['Gwallter Mechain'], All Souls [Oxford], 1795 (1) (the Cambrian Register, etc.); (continued)

p. 769, David Davis, Neath, 1803 (1) (mention of Edward Williams ['Iolo Morganwg'], gratitude for attention during his stay in London, re a Greek inscription, items of poetry in a manuscript of his father's, a report that Owen Myfyr is very ill); p. 333, [John Disney], Knightsbridge, 1793 (1, to the Reverend Dr. [John] Williams, Sydenham) (his readiness to sign the usual certificate in favour of Wm. Owen to the Society of Antiquaries and a comment); p. 235, [John Edwards] 'Sion Ceiriog' [London], 1790 (1) (an unsuccessful search, requesting the return of a poem); p. 259, Thomas Edwards, 'A subscriber to your Dictionary', Ruthin, 1791 (1), i.e. 'Twm o'r Nant' (sending an 'englyn' said to have been engraved on the tomb (in America) of Madoc son of Owen Gwynedd); p. 106, G[eorge] Ellis, [London], n.d. (i) (returning the addressee's Mabinogion and requesting the return of his own abstract of Marie's lays, his reason for being anxious for the early appearance of the work [i.e. the Mabinogion]); p. 315, [John Evans] 'Ieuan ab Ivan', Baltimore, 1792 (1) (his arrival in Baltimore, etc. (a translation in the autograph of William Owen [-Pughe])); add. ii, Samuel Eyre, Bristol, 1833 (1) (the case of Mr. Foley, mention of Joanna [Southcott], Mrs. Townley); pp. 207, 211, R[ichar]d Fenton, Beaumaris and Aberllefenny, 1789 (2) (his hurried departure from London, the Gododin, D: Gwilim, etc.); p. 59, Ann Field, 1805 (1) (a prophetic dream); pp. 575, 593, 605, 615, Edmund Fry, Type Street [London], 1799 (4) (the Pantographia); pp. 47, 67, 71, Samuel Greatheed, London and Newport Pagnel, 1806 (3) (his philological studies, his health); p. 43, J. W. Griffith, Garn, 1806 (1) (financial matters); pp. 39, 91, 669, 713, Wm. Gunn, Irstead near Norwich, 1802-1806 (4) (an answer from Rome (?) requesting Tysilio, mention of his friend Zoega, queries, re Firmail, Mr. Lloyd (North Walsham) and his translations, etc.); pp. 673, (?) 717, 733, 737, G[eorge] Hardinge, [London] 1802 (3 and notes on Hindustani and Persian words) (mention of Henley and Davies, etc.); p. 55, Charles Herbert, (Watchfield House, Faringdon), n.d. (1) (a translation attempted from Davidd [sic] ap Gwilym); p. 113, R[ichard] C[olt] Hoare, Stourhead, n. d. (1) (his Giraldus, re prevailing upon Owen Jones to sit for his portrait, recommending Mr. Woodforde, Great Marlborough Street); p. 11, Jno. Hughes, Denbigh, [1806] (1) (Mr. Lewis Pughe left no will, Mr. [? J. W.] Griffith's request); p. 381, M. Hughes, Treveka, 1793 (1) (see under M. J. Rhees); p. 675, [ ] Hunt, 1802 (1) (he must defer his visit, the reason for this); p. 663, Robt. Jamieson, Macclesfield School, 1802 (1) (a request for romantic tales, ballads, etc., a vacancy for a writing-master at Macclesfield Free Grammar School); p. 85, Mrs. Jenkinson [London], n.d. (1, to Mr. Harper) (requesting him to call); pp. 517, 569, 585, 613, 631, T[homas] Johnes, Hafod, 1798-1799 (5) (Sebright MSS., his wish to have his 'A Cardiganshire Land Lord's advice to his Tenants' printed in Welsh and English to give to his tenants only, a stay of about three weeks by E[dward] Williams ['Iolo Morganwg'], re having to sell some of his land); p. 534, Ben Jones 'on the Monanghela', 1797 (1, to his brother, the late Dr. Jones of Hammersmith) (re Welsh Indians, extract only); pp. 203, 215, Edwd. Jones ['Bardd y Brenin'], Broughton Hall near Lechlade, Oxfordshire, and Cardiff, 1789 (2) (requests and instructions); p. 645, Hugh Jones 'late of Maes-y-glasau near Mallwyd, Merionethshire' (London], 1802 (1) (an advertisement for some small (Welsh) works he intends for publication); p. 749, John Jones, Ramoth, 1803 (1) (inquiring about the last part of the addressee's dictionary, his birthplace, the addressee's reply to T. Parry of Chester, mention of a pamphlet and a collection of Psalms and Hymns); p. 109, Jno. Jones, Shipston on Stour, 1806 (1) (acknowledging a parcel containing a copy of a manuscript music book and a printed copy of the Welsh School music book); add. iv, [Morris Jones] 'Meurig Idris', Manafon, 1842 (1, to Aneurin Owen) ('Cywydd Deuair At Aneurin Owen, Ysw.'); pp. 101, 753, Owen Jones, 'Myvyr', 1803-1804 (2) (remarks concerning a certain printer, etc.); pp. 175, 177, The[ophilu]s Jones, Brecon and Neath, 1803 (2) (acknowledging a letter, 'Edward the eccentric' [i.e. 'Iolo Morganwg']); p. 199, Thos. Jones, 'Y Bardd Cloff', London, 1789 (1) (sending poetry addressed to William Owen [-Pughe]); (continued)

p. 277, Thomas Jones, Llantisilio or Llandysilio, 1791 (1) (re the additions to Dr. Davies's dictionary which are in the possession of Mr. Lloyd of Plas-power); p. 499, Thomas Jones, Llanrhaiadr, 1793 (1) (desiring the addressee to direct a line to the Bardd-Glas in answer to his 'cywydd', mention of having received a letter from the editor of the Welsh Magazine); pp. 219, 287, 431, Will: Jones, 'Gwilym Cadfan', Llangadfan, 1790-1793 (3) (names of subscribers to the dictionary, the attitude of the English towards the Welsh, emigration, how to safeguard the old Welsh writings, Mr. Ed[war]d Jones's loss, etc.); p. 25, Wm. Jones, Marshal, King's Bench, 1806 (1) (re money due to the writer's late brother from the late Mr. Pugh of Blaene); pp. 523, 609, the Earl of Leicester, President of the Society of Antiquaries, 1798-1799 (2) (printed notice of an election, an address); p. 535, Llewelyn Lloyd [Holywell postmark], n.d. (1) (wishing the undertaking [?the Myvyrian Archaiology] every success, reference to the tardiness of the bards in bringing in their productions); pp. 739, 773, Richd. Llwyd, Beaumaris and Chester, 1802 and undated (2) (mention of a storm, the writer is talked of in the Monthly Mirror, December [1801]. introducing a Mr. Jones); p. 745, the Earl of Macclesfield, Sherborn Castle, 1803 (1, to George Chalmers) (replying to a letter, the period when he can receive Mr. Owen [i.e. William Owen-Pughe] at Sherborn); p. 79, [?Robert] Macfarlan, Shakespeare Printing Office, Pall Mall, 1804 (1) (re procuring the Bard's poems); add. iii, Will[iam] Aug[ustus] Miles, Assistant Commissioner of the Hand Loom enquiry, n.d. (1, to Aneurin Owen) (suggestions concerning their proposed caravan expedition [in Wales]); p. 449, Huw Morus, n.d. (1) (the inscription on a stone pillar in the parish of Clocaenog); p. 77, William Murrell, Captain and Adjutant, C[lerkenwell] L[oyal] V[olunteer] I[nfantry ], 1804 (1) (printed notice concerning an inspection); p. 577, J[ane] Owen, St. Athan, 1799 (1) (asking him to call on her father for her £15, Owen is determined to emigrate to America) with a postscript from J[ohn] Owen; p. 683, R. Owen (brother) at Dolgelley, 1802 (1) (mention of Dr. Roberts, Mr. Herbert, etc., he begins to get tired of the mountains); pp. 223, 241, 245, 273, 285, 325, 403, 411, Paul Panton, Plasgwyn and Holywell, 1790-1795 (8) (a transcript of part of a letter from the Reverend Rd. Davies, Holywell, subscribers' names, the Madawgwys [sic], extracts from Wynn of Gwydir letters re Dr. Thomas Wiliems's dictionary, mention of Mr. Williams of Treffos, David Thomas, 'Dafydd Ddu Eryri', a copy of a letter from the Reverend John Williams, Llanrwst, etc.); pp. 253, 515, 547, 559, Paul Panton, Junr., Plasgwyn, 1791 and 1798 (4) (mention of [Thomas] Jones, Llantysilio (see p. 277), re Evan Evans's MSS, a copy of a letter from Paul Panton the younger to Thomas [Percy], bishop of Dromore, and of the bishop's reply); p. 399, Henry Parry, Holywell, 1794 (1) (questions from Mr. Pennant (enclosure wanting), a request from Mr. Panton); pp. 127, 239, 249, 263, 269, 369, 395, Tho[mas] Pennant, Downing, 1789-1794 (6 and a list of subscribers (to the dictionary) addressed to Thomas Pennant) (various requests, wishing to know the extent of the plan about the Padoucas); p. 365, J. Phillips, King's Bench Prison, [17]93 (1) (the Welsh Indians, the travels of a person named Lawrence); p. 357, Jams. Phillips, George Yard, Lombard Street [London], 1793 (1) (Bardism and Quakerism); p. 471, R[ichard] Phillips [London], [17]97 (an invitation); p. 759, Wm. Phillips, York Hosp[ita]l, 1803 (1) (re a transaction with Mr. Leamond); p. 597, Wm. Phillips [printer], n.d. (1) (Dr. Hawes wishes the addressee to attend the anniversary dinner of the Humane Society in return for a favour conferred, the writer requests the return of the copy of Pugh's Salutation); pp. 19, 21, 227, J[ohn] W[illiam] Prisiart (John Williams), Plasybrain [Anglesey], 1790 and 1806 (3) (the dictionary, mention of Jonathan son of Jonathan Hughes the Poet, Joanna [Southcott], Y Greal, the ancestry of Sir William Jones, etc.); pp. 337, 371, 387, Rice Pughe, Blaeney, 1793 (3) (re accommodation for Mrs. Owen and Aneurin, the writer and the living of Dolgelley, etc.); p. 107, W[illiam] O[wen-Pughe], 1806 (2) (drafts of two letters re satisfying the Income Tax Commissioners); pp. 341, 361, 375, 381, 461 (incomplete), 487, 495, Morgn. J. Rhees (Rees, Rhys), Trevecka and Philadelphia, 1793-1797 (7) (see G. J. Williams, 'Letters of Morgan John Rhys to William Owen [-Pughe]', in The National Library of Wales Journal, II, pp. 131-41); (continued)

p. 491, W[illiam] Richards, New Castle Emlyn, 1797 (1) (a report that the Madogwys had been discovered, the addressee's dictionary, his own English and Welsh pocket dictionary); pp. 707, 711, Gr[iffith] Roberts, senr., Dolgelley, 1802 (2) (the addressee's brother, the non-arrival of the ear syringes); p. 599, J[ohn] Roberts (Stadhampton), Jes: Coll. [Oxford], 1799 (1) (his wish to keep the Welsh treatise a little longer, the W[elsh] Bible is not yet out of the press); pp. 435, 475, 483, [Rev.] Peter Roberts, Eton, 1795 and 1797 (3) (returning a book, mention of Mr. [Edward] Williams, re Welsh music); p. 75, Rob. Roberts [London], n. d. (1) (sending a paper for printing (enclosure wanting)); p. 123, Thos. Roberts, Llwynrhudol, Poultry [London], 1806 (1) (hoping Mr. Jos[ep]h Roberts's account of the Madogion and his own letter would not be left out of the Greal, mention of a letter from the 'Grealwyr'); p. 103, Richd. Sargent, [?London], 1804 (1) (re Mr. Harman and a warrant of attorney); p. 641, Wm. Slade, Shrewsbury, 1799 (1, to Edmund Fry) (Coelbren y Beirdd); pp. 29, 31, Joanna Southcott, 1806 (2) (an invitation, etc.); p. 469, Robert Southey, 1797 (1) (a query concerning the court of Owain Cyveilioc); pp. 267, 307, 321, 427, David Thomas ['Dafydd Ddu Eryri'], Bangor, Waunfawr, Plas gwyn, and Amlwch, 1791-1795 (4) ('Y Sillafydd', Edward Barnes's pirated edition of the 'awdl' on Liberty ('Rhyddid'), travels in North Wales, errata in the 'awdlau', mention of an 'eisteddfod', renewing his request concerning some translated specimens of the Gododin, the new orthography, etc.); p. 33, J. Thomas, Sec[retar]y to the Ancient Britons, Welsh Charity School, 1806 (1) (the Society needs someone to answer the Bishops in the responses of the prayers on St. David's Day); p. 99, Sh[aro] n Turner, 1805 (1) (he is obliged to be absent that night); pp. 131, 135, 137, 141, 145, 149, 153, 157, 161, 165, 169, 173, 181, 185, 187, 191, 195, Edward Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', Flimston, etc., 1797-1806 and undated (17) (mention of a survey of co. Glamorgan for the Board of Agriculture, the French landing on the Welsh coast, he has almost finished his translation into Welsh of the Bishop of Landaff's Apology for the Bible ('Gair ymhlaid Y Bible'), literary matters, etc.); p. 117, E[van] Williams [Strand], 1806 (1) (an invitation to meet a learned bard from the Severn side); pp. 543, 567, Hen[ry] Williams, Llangattock Place near Abergavenny, 1798 (2) (giving his own name and that of the Reverend Henry Payne as subscribers [to the Myvyrian Archaiology]); pp. 257, 291, 303, 345, 349, 417, 421, 425, 453, 729, J[ohn] Williams, Sydenham, etc., 1791-1796 (10) (doubts about the propriety of meeting on Primrose Hill, the Welsh Indians, mention of the death of Ffranki dywyll); p. 227, John Williams, Plasybrain, 1790 (1) (see under J. W. Prisiart); pp. 391, 635, Robert Williams, Jes[us] Col[lege, Oxford] and Llandidno [sic], Conway, 1794 and [17]99 (2) (an illness, re sending 'Delw'r Byd' as described in Llyvyr - Coç, the business of applying for one of the legacies for married clergy under the will of the late Absalom Evans of Cowley, co. Middlesex, esq.); and pp. 317, (?) 353, 383, T. W. Wrighte, Secretary of the Society of Antiquaries, [London], 1793 (3) (acknowledging books, the addressee's election as a Fellow). Other items are the following: pp. 1727, notices, one dated 1784, the other blank, of meetings of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, London; p. 311, an appeal, 1792, for assistance and support in connection with resolutions proposed and adopted at a meeting of the [Liverpool] Cymrydorion [sic] Society, 9 August 1792; p. 619, a printed statement issued by the friends of Lord Lewisham, 1799, in connection with the ensuing election for the presidency of the Society of Antiquaries; and p. 653, a copy of the inscription on a marble monument in Llanaran [sic] church, co. Glamorgan, to Rees Powell, esq., Elizabeth, his wife, and other members of the family. Some of the signatures to the letters were cut out by William Owen-Pughe himself and sent to one Rd. Humphreys for his autograph collection.

'Llyfr barddoniaeth Gwilym Canoldref', etc.,

A composite volume, the contents being: ff. 1 recto-26 verso , 'Llyfr Barddoniaeth. sef y Gelfyddyd o ganu Cerdd Dafawd yn dda. O waith Gwilym Ganoldref. O Wynedd', i.e. William Midleton (the transcript, which is in the hand of 'Iolo Morganwg', is said on f. 25 verso to be copied 'o Lyfr Ieuan Tir Iarll, sef Sion Bradford', and appears to be similar to that found in NLW MS 13096B (Llanover C. 9.), pp. 201-35; there are references to the text published in Dafydd Lewys, Flores Poetarum Britannicorum . . . (Mwythig, 1710), pp. 59-80, on ff- 3 recto and 7 recto; 'Iolo Morganwg' dates his 'Rhagysbysiad' on f. 2 recto as follows: 'Trefflemin ym Morganwg Chwefror yr ail, 1806', and a note on f. 1 recto, 'For Mr. Wm. Owen', suggests that the text was to be sent to William Owen [-Pughe]; for confirmation see NLW MS 13221E, pp. 139 & 143, and also NLW MS 21282E, no. 370; ff. 27 recto-59 verso, & 62 recto-verso, 'Llyma Gadwedigaeth Cerz Davawd This is the Institute of the science of Language', being Welsh and English versions of a bardic grammar in the hand of William Owen [-Pughe]; f. 60 recto- verso, a transcript of a 'Toddaid Taliesin' with notes by 'Iolo Morganwg'; f. 61 recto-verso, 'Cywydd i Syr Walter Vicar Brynbuga ag i'r chware Miragl a wnaeth ef yno', attributed to Meredydd ap Rhosser, beginning 'Pwy'n Athro call wrth Allawr . . .', in the hand of 'Iolo Morganwg', who claims to have copied it from 'Llyfr Mr. Lewys o Ben Min'; ff. 63 recto-66 recto, vocabularies; f. 67 recto, memoranda by William Owen [-Pughe] dated 1807; and f. 68 recto, printed proposals for printing Dosparth neu Gramadeg yr laith Gymraeg . . . o Gasgliad R[obert] D[avies] o Nantglyn. At ba un y chwanegir, Rheolau Barddoniaeth Gymraeg, gan D[avid] T[homas] o'r Waun Fawr yn Arfon.

'Iolo Morganwg' and William Owen-Pughe.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume containing notes, lists, transcripts, etc., of a very miscellaneous nature in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents, pagination in brackets, include reflections on looking at the ruins of medieval castles more particularly those of Glamorgan (xi + xiv); lists or groups of Welsh words, sometimes with English definitions and / or illustrative excerpts from Welsh poems (5-8, 11, 13, 42-3, 45-52 72, 117, 124, 145-7, 163, 215, 218, 221-2, 227-9, 231, 233, 243-7, 251-4, 268, 302, 307, 316); a list of the titles of 'Cywyddau Ior[wer]th Morganwg' i.e. Edward Williams himself (9-10); a seven-stanza poem entitled 'Cân y Bore' by [Edward Williams] 'Iorwerth Morganwg' (15-19); brief lists of events with dates extracted from [Henry Rowlands:] Mona antiqua [restaurata] and [William] Camden [:?Britannia] (20-21); an extract relating to the 'cantrefi' of Morgannwg from 'Vol. 17, Plas Gwynn' [i.e. Panton MS 17 now NLW MS 1986] (22); notes on laws promulgated by Sir Robert Fitshammon [in Glamorgan in the late eleventh century] (53); brief notes headed 'Peculiarities of the orthography of Mr. Bassett of Lanelays Welsh MS. History of the 13 Knights' (41); brief notes referring to the Norman knights Sir Lawrence Berckrolls, Gilbert Humphrefil, and Sir William Le Esterling and the lands given to them [on the conquest of Glamorgan] (39- 40); brief notes headed 'Llyma son am Dywysogaeth a Phendefigaeth a Bonedd Morganwg' (36-7); a list of sixteen [Glamorgan] castles with brief notes thereon (34-5); notes relating to Morgannwg ? in the late eleventh and first half of the twelfth century with references to Paen Twrbil, an attack on Cardiff Castle ? led by Ifor Bach, a political and judicial system ? set up by Ifor Bach, a law promulgated by 'ffwg Morganwg' against foreigners, etc. (30-33); brief notes relating to meetings of the Welsh bards held in the various princes' courts four times a year ? during the second half of the eleventh century, the supervision of the bards' use of Welsh by the princes, the patronage of the bards by Rhys fab Tydyr Fawr and Nest, wife of Iestyn [ap Gwrgant], and a meeting arranged between the said Rhys, Nest, and Iestyn (27-9); brief notes relating to the division of his domain by Rhodri Mawr amongst his sons, the conditions imposed on them, the status and duties of the kings of various parts of Wales, etc. (24-6); drafts of a proposed title-page for Cyfrinach Beirdd Ynys Prydain to be published in 1822 (57, 68); lines of Welsh verse to illustrate 'cynghanedd' of the 'groes rywiog' type (58, 67); brief notes on and a sketch to illustrate 'Cylch yr Abred', 'Cylch y Gwynfyd', and 'Cylch y Ceugant' (59); a list of bardic 'gorseddau' (60-61); notes relating to the creation of the twenty-four Knights of the Round Table by King Arthur and to the qualities and duties expected of such knights, a list of the twenty- four accomplishments they should be capable of, and a list of the names of sixteen of the said knights (62-6); a brief note relating to the bardic 'Cadair Tir Iarll' ? instituted in the time of Gilbart y Clâr (69); a brief note referring to the bards Risiart ap Iorwerth Fynglwyd and Hywel Hir ap Rhys ap Llywelyn (78); notes headed 'Y Ford Gron' referring to the organising of the Welsh bards, musicians, etc. (81-2); notes relating to procedure in connection with bardic meetings (86-7); a brief note attacking 'Win. Owen, Edward Davies, a'r Hen darn Tant E. Jones' (87); a note relating to the contents of 'Greal Beirdd Morganwg' ? an intended quarterly periodical (94); notes relating to the knowledge of letters amongst the Cimmeri on their arrival in Britain and amongst the Druids with references to Roman inscriptions and ancient British inscriptions (95- 6); brief notes on solemn days or festivals observed by Glamorgan bards and the bardic 'Round Table' of Morgannwg (113); an extract from a 'cywydd' attributed to William Cynwal ? illustrating certain bardic terms (115); an example of the bardic alphabet allegedly used by the Welsh bards (118-19); notes relating to the migrations of the Cymry and their coming to Britain ( 125); a brief note on the possible uses of inscribing on billets of wood, etc. (127); a list of ancient Welsh musical instruments ('offer cerdd oslef yr hen Gymry') extracted allegedly from 'an old imperfect MS. in Goetre Hen Library circa 1767 borrowed by John Bradford' (128); a note referring to the genuine poems of Taliesin and the spurious poems attributed to him, the writer disclaiming responsibility for including some of the latter in the 'Welsh Archaiology' stating that his main work in connection therewith had been 'travelling thro' Wales in search of old MSS.' (132 + 129); notes relating to 'coelbrenni rhin', 'coelfeini cyfrin', etc. (137-8); notes referring to the reintroduction of the bardic 'Dosparth y Ford Gron' into Wales from Brittany by Rhys ap Tewdwr, a meeting ? in 1075 between Rhys and Iestyn ap Gwrgan for this purpose and ? to organise the order of Welsh bards and musicians, a further meeting between the two in 1077 leading to a quarrel concerning Nest, wife of Iestyn, the coming of Robert fab Ammon and the Norman knights to Iestyn's aid, and their eventual conquest of his realm (139-41); a suggestion relating to 'Y Bardd Glas o'r Gadair' and 'cynghanedd' (142-3); notes relating to bardic ceremonial headed 'Dosparth y Ford Gronn' (149-51); notes relating to ? the proclaiming of 'eisteddfodau', etc. (161-2); a brief note on the 'bardd teulu' (163); a brief note relating to the intellectual state of the [early] Cymry (169); general remarks contrasting the poets of North and South Wales (170-71); notes relating to the fate of the souls and spirits of men after death (177-9); a note relating to the work of the 'Welsh bards as tutors' (181); an anecdote relating to Einigan Gawr and Menw ap y Teirgwaedd and the origin of knowledge (183); transcripts of two 'awdlau' attributed to Prolh o Gil Fai and Iorwerth Llwyd ap y Gargam, stanzas attributed to Gwalchmai ap Meilir, and unattributed verse (187-97); extracts from [Edward Davies's series of 'Letters on Celtic Literature to Mr. Justice Harding previous to the publication of The Celtic Researches'] with occasional comments [by Edward Williams] (205-11); (continued)

A transcript of three of the old Welsh 'englynion' usually designated 'englynion y Juvencus' with a version in modern orthography [all probably transcribed from Edward Lhuyd: Archaeologia Britannica, p. 221] (212); copies of two 'englynion' by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' himself (215); extracts relating to the early Cimbrians or Kimmeri and their connection with Thrace (223); miscellaneous extracts from Welsh verse (225-6, 239-40); a list of titles headed 'Odes by E. Wins.' (232); an agricultural note headed 'Irish Course of Culture' (233); a list of personal names headed 'July 28th Bath. Poems delivered to' (234); a list of Welsh phrases headed 'Phrases in common use in Glamorgan & also amongst the Persians and other Mahometans' (249-50); two lists of Welsh triads the first headed 'Dewisolion o Drioed[d] Cerdd Iaco ap Dewi gerllaw dechreu Llyfr Mr. Thos. Evans o Frechfa', and the second 'Trioedd gweddus ar ddyn & ex idem (Dewisolion)' (273-6); extracts by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' from one of Lewis Morris's manuscripts called Prif Ancwyn Gorhoff' being No. 43 of the Welsh School Manuscript Collection in London including a version of the statute for Welsh bards and musicians attributed to Gruffydd ab Cynan ('Statud y Gwyr wrth Gerdd o waith Gruffydd ab Cynan'), bardic triads, a list, with examples of some, of the twenty-four Welsh strict poetic metres, lists with headings such as 'Saith cas ar ferched', 'Chwe casbeth gan Dduw', and 'Cas gan hwsmon bum peth', etc. (277-93; this manuscript numbered 43 was one of the manuscripts listed as missing from the Welsh School Collection when it was presented to the British Museum in 1844, see B. M. Additional MS 14955); a list of Welsh triads headed 'Dewisolion o Drioedd gweddus eu dysgu Iaco ab Dewi (Ll. Th. Evans)' (294-6); a copy of a proclamation that a 'Cadair wrth Gerdd Dafawd' would be held 'ar dwyn y Bettws yn Nhir Iarll' in 18[?2]1 (301); extracts from the preface to Thomas Jones: [An] English [and] Welsh Dictionary, 1811, with a comment by E[dward] W[illiams] (304-05); a list of eleven Glamorgan river-names ('enwau nentydd ag afonydd Morganwg') (312); historical notes relating to Welsh poetry including notes on the 'Silurian School', 'a monster to whom we may apply the appellation of the School of Carmarthen . . . engendered between the false Taste of Dafydd ap Edmund and the ignorance of Gruffudd ap Nicolas', the establishing of the Carmarthen school in North Wales and its duration for two centuries, the decline of the said school and the emergence of a new school with the coming of bards such as Hugh Morris, Edward Morys, etc., the attempts of the Gwyneddigion Society to revive the Carmarthen school in North Wales, the song-writing tradition in South Wales, and Richard Hughes, the sixteenth century Caernarvonshire poet, described as 'the oldest song writer of undoubted authenticity' [in North Wales] (313-14, 311-12); horticultural and agricultural notes giving instructions what to do in each month of the year (324, 321-3, 326, 319-20 ); and notes headed 'Llyma'r ddosparth a wnaeth y Brenin Arthur ar gadw achau a chof am fonhedd Cynhenid Cenedl y Cymry' (328-9). Some of the notes are written on the verso or margins of an incomplete copy of a pamphlet announcing a literary competition (composing a 'cywydd') organised by the Gwyneddigion in 1822, a ? holograph letter from William Williams from Cowbridge to Mr. Williams, Geilston, 1806 (requesting assistance in 'taking estimat of the work unfinis'd at the bridwell'), and copies of a pamphlet announcing the printing of Edward Williams's two volumes of English poems entitled Poems Lyric and Pastoral. Inset is a printed copy of a circular letter from Thomas Stephens as honorary secretary of the Merthyr Cymreigyddion Society, 184 . . ., announcing the society's intention of holding an eisteddfod on (blank), stating what the objectives of the society were, and asking for subscriptions.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers containing material in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents are extremely varied. The section now paginated 137-64 appears to have been originally a home-made booklet with the present pp. 137-8, 163-4 (bluish, rough paper) as covers. P. 137 is inscribed 'Catalogue of Books at London, May 20th 1794', and is followed (pp. 141-55) by a list of two hundred and sixty-seven books and (p. 157) a list of Welsh manuscripts including those described as 'Byrdew Trebryn' (? Llanover B. 1, now NLW MSS 13061-13062B), 'Barddoniaeth Sils ap Siôn' (? Llanover B. 6, now NLW MS 13068B), and 'Marchog Crwydrad' (? Llanover E. 1, now NLW MS 13163B) (As Edward Williams was in London during the period 1791-1795, if the identification of the three aforementioned manuscripts is correct, it is possible that the catalogue is of Williams's books and manuscripts). P. 165 is inscribed 'Hints for a short exposition of the Prophecies relating to Antichrist' and is followed (pp. 167-83) by a short theological exposition of ideas relating to the existence of a 'trinity of Antichristian Powers', viz. civil tyranny, ecclesiastical tyranny, and human philosophy, a conflict involving these powers, and the ultimate triumph of a ? Christian theocracy. Other items include pp. 23-8, a list of Welsh manuscripts and of Welsh and English books with the superscription 'Catalogue of the Books & MSS. in this Box, Jan. 24th 1802 sent 4 sets Walter's Dict'y for Mr. O. Jones 14 Nos. Do. Mr. Williams, Strand, viz. from 7 to 14 inclusive. Nos. 14 four Copies, 1 Copy No. 13'; 38, 95, 185, 187, 300, 304, occasional Welsh triads; 43-7, a list of Welsh proverbs or proverbial sayings with occasional annotations; 59-63, two lists of English and Welsh books headed 'Jan. 1818 Books at Merthyr' and 'On the Bench in the lock'd up little Room' (? the second a continuation of the first); 81, a list of the hundreds of Morgannwg; 83, a list of species of apples; 87-94., notes headed 'Subjects of new songs, odes, etc., by E[dward] W[illiams], 1791', giving ? the subjects or themes and sometimes one or more stanzas of sixty-four songs, etc., mainly English; 95, a brief note on Dafydd ap Gwilym and the 'cywydd' measure; 96-8, notes containing a bitter attack by Edw[ar]d Williams on Theo[philus] Jones's work A History of the County of Brecknock [1805-1809]; 107-10, meteorological notes headed 'Meteorology. Observations on the Weather By the Late Revd. W. Jones of Pluckley (Moore's Almanack improved, 1808)'; 185, 200, 244, 245, 247-8, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg', Simwnt Fychan, Ednyfed Fychan, Thos. Lln. 'o Regoes', Ddd. Edward 'o Fargam', Jonathan Hughes, and Morgan Llywelyn 'o Gastell Nedd'; 190-91, an incomplete list of bards and musicians licensed at the 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys [co. Flint], extracted from [Thomas] Pennant: A Tour [in Wales]; 207-16, extracts from various books of the Old Testament under the superscription 'Jewish Apostacy'; 249, a list of the subjects in literary competitions at an 'eisteddfod' ('Testuna'r Alban Elfed ar fynydd y Garth, 1798'); 255, 263, 265-6, 268-72, ? accounts in connection with mason's work done for various people, 1796-1808; 258, a list of 'Glam[organ] idioms'; and 301, a list of 'Graddau carennydd'. Also found are extracts from miscellaneous printed sources such as the New Annual Register, 1782 (Chinese hempseed), the Annual Register, 1772, the Crit[ical] Review, 1797 (a list of publications), and the Monthly Mag[azine], Nov. 1800 (the versification of Klopstock in his Messiah), groups or lists of Welsh words, extracts from the works of Welsh poets, and other miscellaneous items. Notes are found written on the verso or margins of a copy of a printed leaflet advertising a performance of 'King Henry 4th' to be given by the Young Gentlemen of Cardiff Academy in the town hall in Cardiff, 19 December 1806, copies of a printed leaflet containing proposals for publishing Edward Williams's two volumes of English verse Poems Lyric and Pastoral, and the cover of a copy of The Bee or Literary Weekly Intelligencer, vol. X, no. 5, 1792.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents (notes, extracts, lists, jottings, transcripts, etc.) are extremely varied and cover a multiplicity of topics. Included are notes or lists with the superscriptions 'Deg Rhan ymadrodd' (38), 'Llyma gof a son am gadeiriau prydyddion Morganwg a chof amcan eu hamserau' (72-3), 'Anecdotes of Merthyr' (83-4), 'Customs in Glam[organ]' (86-7), 'Rhywiau cerdd dafod parth arbenigrwyd[d] ansodd' (113), 'Llafar Gorsedd B[eirdd] Y[nys] P[rydain] yng nghadair Morganwg' (128-30), 'Trees that will flourish near the sea' (249), 'Llyma enwau'r llefydd lle arferai Feirdd Morganwg gynnal eisteddfod a Chadair' (252), 'Trees to be intermixed with fruit trees in an orchard' (264), 'Proper trees to [be] planted in an orchard' (265), 'Enwau Cymreig ar afalau ym Morganwg' (266-72), 'Enwau Gellyg Ynghymraeg' ( 275-6), 'Enwau Eirin a Phlemys ym Morganwg' (277-8), 'The names of the Norman Peers of Glamorgan and the names of their Castles. . .' (293), '[Names of the] months [in] Armoric [and] Cornish' (313), 'Rhif Carennydd' ( 340), 'List of Publications on the inconsistency of War with the Christian Religion' with comments ? by Edward Williams on the church and war (363-70 ), 'Ex Old Vocabulary at Hafod' (388), 'Hints for the Dissertation on the Welsh Language' (389-?90), 'Llymma son am Eisteddfod Beirdd a Phrydyddion a fu ym Marchwiail ym Maelor' (mention of 'eisteddfodau' held at Gwern y Cleppa, Marchwiail, and Baglan) (396-8), and 'Cyfarwydd am Dri Brodyr Marchwial' (mention of the same three 'eisteddfodau') (398-400); notes, sometimes very brief, on 'cynghanedd' (34), early Christianity in Britain ( 40), the use of the bardic alphabet amongst the Welsh for teaching purposes temp. Henry IV (42), the 'chair of Tir Iarll' (69 + 71), the original home of the Cymmry, i.e. Defrobani (119), weather conditions in March 1811 (175), the Welsh language (181-2), Pythagoras (188), 'englynion' (189), the Essenes (197), Druids (197), Druids and bards amongst the Celtic peoples (207-13), materials used as writing surfaces in ancient and medieval times with mention of a few medieval libraries (213-15), the Druids of Britain and Gaul (216-33), mortar making, garden terracing, and fruit planting (245-6), Welsh culinary recipes (247-9), brick making (254), the growing of trees and fruit near the coast in Glamorgan (262-3), Welsh metrical measures (279), Castletown house [co. Glamorgan] (283), the family of Berkrolles (302), and 'y Ford Gronn' (401); transcripts of Welsh poems including 'cywyddau' attributed to Dafydd ap Edmwnd and Gruff. ab Ifan ab Llywelyn Fychan, an incomplete poem (stanzas 1 and part of 2 missing) attributed to Thos. Llen. o Regoes, and part of a 'cywydd' attributed to Dafydd Alaw (95-109), a 'cywydd' attributed to Siôn Dafydd Rhys (255-6), and an 'englyn' attributed to Daf. Llwyd Bryn Llyfrith (309); transcripts of English verse including ? a translation from the Welsh with the superscription 'A prophecy by Thomas ap Evan ap Rhys in the time of Edw[ar]d the VI' (47-8), twenty-two stanzas entitled 'The Welsh Batchelor' s wish' attributed to the Revd. Mr. Christ. Roberts of St. Athan (289-92), and ten stanzas ? from . . . Bulmer: Pleasantness of Religion (307); miscellaneous items including miscellaneous triads (151-4), ? a draft of a title-page for an anthology of Welsh verse to be called Y Bardd Teulu (147 ), a draft of a prefatory letter, 1796, by Edward Williams to a proposed volume containing an anthology of Welsh prose and verse items, material relating to Welsh bardism, etc. (157-8), an incomplete triad re the 'bardd teulu' (196), a plan of the layout of a dwelling house with orchards, kitchen gardens, fruit gardens, etc. (274), historical anecdotes relating to the lordship and county of Glamorgan reputedly from a manuscript 'of the late William Roberts of St. Athan' (293-8), a list, with examples, of twenty classical metrical feet (306), a genealogical table showing descendants of Iestin, lord of Morgannwg (415-16), biographical notes on members of the Stradling family to the late sixteenth century ? from [ British Museum] Harleian MS 368 (417-22), and a plan of a stone circle 'at Field Marshal Conway's . . . near Henly upon Thames' (429); and extracts from a variety of printed sources including Cambrian, March 1819 ( Welsh speaking Indians) (131), The Monthly Review, February 1819 (132 + 134), the works of [Isaac] Watts (135-?43), . . . Priestley: Tablet of Memory (159-?74), Cambrian, September 1819 (a proposal 'to obtain an Act of Parliament for making and maintaining a Pier and Harbour at Newton in the Parish of Newton Nottage [co. Glamorgan]', etc. (281), [W. Wotton: Cyfreithjeu Hywel Dda . . ., London, 1730] (relating mainly to the Welsh bards) (343-52) and the Ecclesiastical Review, January 1817 (359-62). Interspersed throughout the volume are lists or groups of miscellaneous Welsh words sometimes with English definitions, proverbs, grammatical or etymological notes, poetic extracts, and other miscellanea. In some instances the blank verso or margins of the following have been utilised for writing notes - an undated holograph letter from Mr. Dunn from St. Athans to Ed. Williams, Flemingstone, re materials for the tomb of the writer's mother (in third person) (185-6, 199-200), copies of a printed circular, 16 August 1820, appealing for subscriptions towards the completion of a Unitarian chapel at Merthyr Tydfil, copies of a printed 'advertisement' and 'proposals' for publishing Edward Williams's two volumes of English verse Poems Lyric and Pastoral in 1792, a folded sheet containing a copy of a Welsh poem entitled 'Canwyll gogan y Cymru' attributed to 'Siôn ?Flay o Bentre'r Lai' (284-5, 300-01), a holograph letter, 30 September 1818, from G. Birley, Methodist Chapel, Cardiff, to Edw[ar]d Williams (forwarding a copy of the first volume of [John Hughes:] Horae Britannicae at the author's request) (315-16, 333-4), a copy of a printed circular, 6 December 1802, announcing literary competitions to be held under the auspices of the Gwyneddigion Society (320 + 329), and an undated holograph letter from Edward Williams to John Llewelyn, esq., Penlle'r Gaer [co. Glamorgan], concerning recipient's 'usual benefaction' to the writer (379-82).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A volume (pp. 5-310) containing items of an extremely varied nature in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Included, pagination in brackets, are lists or groups of Welsh words, sometimes with English definitions or equivalents or notes (17, 25, 29, 34, 38, 43, 47, 53, 80-82, 89, 102, 125-6, 134, 142, 157, 161, 170, 182, 196, 203, 219-20, 225, 235-6, 238, 242, 245, 247, 263, 282, 292); extracts from Aneurin's 'Gododdin' headed 'Silldorriadau Gododin' (119-20); notes, sometimes very brief, on or relating to Welsh bardism (21, 27, 57, 72, 127, 156, 187, 192-3, 195, 244, 258), song writing (32), the characteristics of the work of Cattwg, Taliesin, and Aneurin (32), the coming of the Cymry to Britain from Deffrobani and their loss of sovereignty to the Romans and Saxons (36), the knowledge of letters amongst the ancient Britons (37), King Arthur's court (46), the 'modern literary dialect of the Welsh' and the medieval prose and verse of South Wales (49), Welsh poetic metres called ' traethodyn milwr', 'traethodyn cwtta', and 'traethodyn chweban' (52), Merfyn Gwawdrych, 9th cent., and his contemporaries (61), the poet Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys, ? early 17th cent. (69), 'cynghanedd' and the Welsh strict poetic metres with references to an 'eisteddfod' in the time of Ifor ab Ifor of Maeshaleg, a bardic assembly at the monastery of Penrys [co. Glamorgan], temp. Edward IV, when Gwilym Tew exhibited an 'awdl', etc. (77- 8), white blackbirds and sparrows seen at Landough and wild canaries at Lantwit [co. Glamorgan] (98), the relinquishment or retention of ancient arts by nations in proportion to their progress (104), Siôn Rhydderch and his Welsh grammar [Grammadeg Cymraeg, 1728] (119), the use of the prefixes an- and di- in Welsh (133), 'Tair Cynghanedd Anianol' (150 ), 'Cynghanedd ewinog' (151), the use of various rhymes and 'cynganeddion' in Welsh (152), bardic 'cadeiriau' of or at Llanfihangel Glyn Afan, 1355, Llangynwyd, 1452, Y Wenar, 1462, and Tir Iarll, 1488 (159), the two sounds of the letter Y in Welsh (160), the bardic 'Cadair Tir Iarll' (185), the construction of 'Coelbren y Beirdd' (242), the bard Owain ap Rhydderch, late 15th cent. (273), and manifestations or representations of God (290- 91); transcripts of Welsh poems or stanzas of Welsh poems or extracts therefrom attributed to Llelo Llantrisaint sef Llywelyn ap Hywel ap Ieuan ap Gronw (23), [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (50, 68, 82, 87, 217), ? Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys (69), Llawdden (129-30), Wm. Moses (149), Taliesin (240, 242), Thos. Daf. Miles (266), Syr Roger Cyffin 'offeiriad Llanberis' (267), and Risiart Fychan 'o Gors y Gedol' (268); transcripts of unattributed Welsh poems including stanzas of hymn-tunes (23-4, 30, 34, 45, 51, 104, 115, 116, 121, 128, 1311, 148, 175, 191, 213, 232-3, 234, 274 + 283, 278-80); transcripts of English poems (107, 197, 212, 261, 284 + 273); miscellaneous Welsh triads (33, 172, 206, 247); short lists of Welsh proverbs or proverbial sayings (48, 167, 176, 231, 293); a prescription for the cure of rheumatism (50); an anecdote relating to the struggle between Caradawc ab Bran ap Llyr and the Romans, the burning of forests in Britain, and the building by Manawydan fab Llyr of a prison called 'Carchar Oeth ag Anoeth' from the bones of those slain in battle, allegedly extracted from [a manuscript called] the 'Yniales' (65-8; for another copy of the anecdote see NLW MS 13152A above); a prefatory note to an intended collection of proverbs, moral aphorisms, etc., allegedly composed or compiled by Cattwg Ddoeth (73-4); a list of old Welsh musical instruments ('Offerynau Cerdd arwest yr hen Gymry') (80); a transcript of the opening paragraph of an alleged version of 'Gramadeg Einiawn Offeiriad' (83); notes on (a) the situation and extent, and (b) the divisions of the county of Glamorgan being sections 1 and 2 of a projected chapter to be headed 'Geographical State and Circumstances' which presumably would have been Chapter 1 of a work on the said county (91-2); an incomplete list of bardic, literary, and other topics in English and Welsh, e.g. 'Cannons of Etymology', 'Miscellanies relating to Welsh poetry', 'Achau Saint Ynys Prydain', 'MSS. in Jesus College Library', under the superscription 'Collecting Sheets 8vo' (99); a list of nine topics such as 'Diarhebion Morganwg Annosparthus', 'Mangofion Gwynedd 1799', etc. (101); (continued)

A list of thirteen topics, e.g. 'Princes of Southwales', 'Anecdotes of Howel Dda', 'Meddygon Myddfai', etc., headed 'For Mr. Rees, Caermarthen' (105); copies of memorial inscriptions ? in St. Athan parish church (107-08); a list of six rules headed 'Unitarian Discipline' (113); a list of fifteen topics or personal names of a varying nature, e.g. 'Llangyndeyrn Marble at Caerm[arthe]n', 'Donne the Satirist', 'Taly Llycheu Church, D.G.' (114); a list of eight 'Ysgriflyfrau gan Iolo Morganwg 1800' (127); a list of Welsh proverbial sayings or advisory precepts some in verse form and some attributed to Cattwg Ddoeth (141, 144-6); a list of the names of six series of Welsh triads (147); a list of the names of thirteen persons headed 'Selfeducated persons in Glamorgan Vale' and a second list containing the names of eight persons headed 'Glamorgan Mountains' the persons named in this list apparently belonging to the same category as those in the first list (158); a list of eight topics or items, e.g. 'Llythyrau Dafydd o'r Nant', 'Rheolau Tudur Aled', etc., which were to be included in an unspecified work (164); brief genealogical data relating to the family of Einiawn Offeiriad (171); a list of Welsh 'Enwau Llefydd' ( 172); brief incomplete notes relating to the development of Welsh literature headed 'English Preface to Cyfrinach y Beirdd' (214); an explanatory note on 'cynghanedd groes' in the form of question and answer between pupil and master (251-2); a draft of a memorial and remonstrance to the members of, and subscribers to, the 'Fund of the South Wales Unitarian Society for the Diffusion of Christian Knowledge' expressing concern at irregularities in the conduct of the society (265 + 260); patterns or examples of metres and metric lines headed 'Specimens of Welsh Lyrics and Verse' (262); a list of the names of six Welsh bards, 1650-80, to refute L[ewis] Morys's assertion that no good 'cywydd' had been written since the reign of Elizabeth (267); brief notes on the activities of [John] Poyer and [Rowland] Laugharne in the Civil War in South Wales and a list of English sovereigns, 1603-1760 (269); ? observations on a proposed 'Essay on the Ancient Welsh Literature', etc. (271); synopses of the contents of ? six chapters of a proposed 'Collection for a New History of Wales from Ancient Welsh MSS.' ('On the Origin of the Cimbri', 'Principles of Ancient British Government', 'The Ancient Institution of the Bards', etc.) (272); music for an unspecified air (296); and notes and a sketch relating to a plan of a 'meeting house, octagonal or circular' (298). Some of the notes, etc., have been written on the verso or in the margins of a copy of a printed notice by White and Barnards, Barge Masters, advertising their services, 1800 (100), a copy of a printed notice issued by the Caslon Letter Foundry, London, advertising their preparedness to provide printing types and materials (123), imperfect copies of a printed leaflet, 1797, announcing an 'eisteddfod' to be held under the patronage of the Gwyneddigion Society in 1798 (142-3, 204-05), a copy of printed proposals, 1811, for a new edition of 'The History of Wales written originally in Welsh by Caradoc of Llancarvan translated into English by Dr. Powell and augmented by W. Wynne' (194 + 191), 'An Exemplification of Masons' Work done for Robert Jones, Esqr., of Fonmon Castle . . . Burton Causway by William Baker, Mason, 1813 and 18[14] as attested by Thos. Raecliff and Edward Williams in 1814 (198-9, 210-11), a ? holograph letter from R. Evans from Cowbridge to . . ., undated (personal) (220-21), an account for goods purchased by E. Williams [? 'Iolo Morganwg'] from James Bradley, chemist, Cowbridge, in 1816 (226 + 239), a printed calendar of prisoners in ? Cardiff Gaol, ? 1803 (227 + 238), a copy of printed proposals for publishing George Dyer's Memoirs of the Life and Writings of . . . Robert Robinson of Chesterton (234 + 231), and a ? holograph note from Thomas William to Edward Williams [? 'Iolo Morganwg'], 1814, informing him that Christopher ? James wished to see him (259 + 266).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume containing miscellaneous lists, notes, jottings, etc., of a very varied nature in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Included are pp. 1-22, miscellaneous extracts allegedly from a manuscript in the hand of Siôn Bradford (extracts - single words or lines, couplets, stanzas, etc. - from the works of Welsh bards, occasional annotations by Siôn Bradford, an anecdote relating to a bard named Ieuan ap y Diwlith, notes relating to fifteen strict poetic metres in a system described by Antoni Pywel, 'englynion' attributed to Siôn Bradford himself ); 38, a brief note on the colour of bardic robes; 39, lists of 'graddau cenhedlaeth hyd y nawfed ach'; 41-4, notes relating to the introduction of 'a new musical system or theory into Wales' possibly from Ireland in the time of Gruffudd ap Cynan including a comment to the effect that no musical instrument was mentioned by Welsh bards circa 1080-1280; 45-6, 181- 4, 247-51, notes on the word 'Cimmeri' and its variants as a national appelative and the formation of the language of the said people; 51-2, brief notes on steel making; 53-4, notes ? relating to the Glamorgan system of Welsh metrics; 55-6, a list of bards headed 'Llyma enwau Beirdd Cadeirogion Tir Iarll amser yr ymryson a fu ryngddynt am farwnad Ieuan a Hywel Swrdwal', and a note relating to 'Cadair Tir Iarll'; 59, a note relating to Gruff. ap Cynan's flight to, and return from, Ireland; 60, triads relating to 'cerdd deuluaidd' or 'cerdd arwest'; 61-3, notes on an 'eisteddfod' organised by Gruff. ab Nicolas at Carmarthen [circa 1450], the part played by D[afydd] ab Edmwnd, the reluctance of the bards of Morgannwg to accept the rules, etc., devised by Dafydd ab Edmwnd, the research undertaken by the said bards into the bardic system, rules, etc.; 66-9, statistics relating to the population of Wales (N.D.) with comments on the English element in Pembrokeshire and Gower, co. Glamorgan, and the English influence on the Welsh border; 70-71, a note on the 'Scaldic School' of poets in Wales; 81 + 93, notes on the words 'Llysdanc' i.e. ' juridical peace', and 'cyfallwy'; 97, a note on Rhobert, iarll Caerloyw (earl of Gloucester), his acquisition of Tir Iarll, and his organising of the bardic order, with mention of the poets Rhys Goch ap Rhiccert (temp. Robert), Ieuan fawr ap y Diwlith, and Trahaearn Brydydd mawr; 101-03, notes on Davydd ap Gwilym more particularly chronological; 105-07, notes relating to an 'eisteddfod' held at Glynn Achlach in Ireland [temp. Gruffudd ap Cynan], an opinion on the alleged connection between the said Gruffudd, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, Rhys ap Tewdwr, and Gruffudd ap Rhys successively and the formulating of regulations for the Welsh bardic order, and a comment on the probability of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn 'having instituted some Regulations respecting Pedigrees and Land rights' and of Gruffudd ap Cynan having 'introduced Irish or Scaldic music and rules of good order amongst Musicians into North Wales'; 111, a list of place-names containing the element Bangor; 138-9, notes relating to 'Cadeiriau ag Eisteddfodau wrth gerdd dafod' ('Cadair Tir Iarll', 'cadair ym Marchwiail', 'eisteddfodau' at Caerfyrddin and Caerwys, 13th-16th cent.); 140, a note on the poet Gwilym Tew; 141-8, notes on 'eisteddfodau' held at Caerfyrddin in 1451 and N.D., and decisions taken relating to the bardic order and 'cerdd dafawd'; 149-51, genealogical data relating to Iestin ab Gwrgan, lord of Morgannwg; 152 + 157, a brief chronicle of historical and pseudo- historical events in Britain, 1300 B.C. - 230 A.D.; 156, an anecdote relating to Gwaithfoed, lord of Cibion and Ceredigion, and the Saxon king Edgar; 158-9, notes relating to Welsh strict metres referring to 'Cwlm Cadair Caerfyrddin' based upon metrical systems arranged by Gwilym Tew, Dafydd ap Edmwnd, and Llawdden; 165, transcripts of five 'englynion' attributed to Dafydd Benwyn; 167, notes on Owain ap Cadwgan and his son Einion, temp. Henry I; 171-2, notes on Thomas Jones of Tregaron ('Twm Siôn Catti'); 178-9, an anecdote relating to the bard Siôn Cent; 185, notes headed 'Origin of letters in Britain'; 187, a note relating to derivative and compound words in Welsh; 188, a list of fourteen ? rules under the heading 'Theophilanthropists of Wales or Berean Society'; 189, a note on an 'eisteddfod' held by Rys ap Tewdwr at Castell Nedd in 1080; 213, a short list of Glam[organ] proverbs and idioms; 230, a note on 'Hopcin ap Thomas ap Einion Hen a elwir Einion Offeiriad' and the said 'Einion Hen'; 233-41, extracts from [Joseph Robertson:] An Essay on Punctuation (1785); 243-6, transcripts of seven stanzas of English religious verse, an English prayer, and the music of two psalm tunes; 253, an extract from a 'cywydd' attributed to R[hys] G[och] Eryri, and a list of words headed 'Geiriau Gofram yr Alban Eilir, 1815'; 254-61, lists of words and other extracts from Henry Perri [: Eglvryn Phraethineb sebh dosparth ar] Retoreg [ Lhundain, 1595], and other poetic extracts; 262-3, a copy of a 'Sonnet on the prospect of Vaucluse from Petrarch' and an epitaph on an infant by Edwd. Williams, and a list of 'Places to enquire where they are'; 269-74, miscellaneous poetic extracts to illustrate specific words such as 'barddas', 'gwyddfa', etc., and lists headed 'Pumwydd Celfyddyd' and 'Naw Cynneddf Doethineb'; 275, a brief note on the practice of planting trees at crossroads in Glamorganshire; 277-9, a description of the method of swearing the bardic oath; 281-2, a list of the names by which God is known in Welsh with English definitions; 284-5, brief notes relating to the poet Llywelyn Llogell Rhison and his two brothers of Marchwiail [co. Denbigh], and the poet Mab Claf ab Llywarch, with a reference to the attribution of 'Englynion Eiry Mynydd' to the said Llywelyn and Mab Claf; 286, notes on the written version of the tale 'Hanes Taliesin'; 291-2, a list of 'Prif gyfoethau Gwlad Gymru', (continued)

298-300, an extract from the Saxon Chronicle with an English translation; 302, a comment on adverse opinions concerning the antiquity of 'Glam[organ] bardism and its concommitant literature'; 303, notes relating to the bardic 'chair of Glamorgan in Tir Iarll', 'Cadair Taliesin', and 'Cadair Urien'; 304-06, notes headed 'Llyma ddosparth yr awgrym' with lists of numerals headed 'Llyma lafariaith awgrym herwydd a'i dangosir dan a[r]wyddon rhif sathredig y cenedloedd . . .' (see J. Williams ab Ithel: Barddas . . ., vol. I, pp. 98-103); 309, a copy of the civil marriage vow of the time of Oliver Cromwell in Welsh; 311-12, a note on Gruffudd ap Cynan's institution of ? triennial 'eisteddfodau' at Aberffraw and of rules for the bardic fraternity; 316, a biographical note on the Bradford family of Tir Iarll or Bettws [co. Glamorgan]; 319, a note on 'cynghanedd' prior to the time of Gruffudd ap Cynan; 324, a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Lewys Mon; 325-6, three triads headed 'Bardic Theology'; 329-30, eight triads headed 'Trioedd amrafaelion'; 335-6, a transcript of six stanzas of Welsh verse attributed to Rhobert, tywysog Norddmandi; 340, notes on the means adopted by Welsh bards to earn a living, circa 1500-1680; 341, six triads headed 'Trioedd Iaith ag Ymadrodd'; 344-8, notes on the development of alliteration in Welsh poetry and the 'rules of . . . the Scaldic School of Welsh versification'; 357-8, a few bardic triads; 374-5, notes relating to various bardic 'chairs'; 379, questions and answers relating to 'Pair Ogrwen', 'Cariadwen', and 'Pair Dadeni'; 387, a short list of four triads; 390-91, notes relating to 'chware hud a Iledrith' of Math ap Mathonwy; 397-9, 402-03, lists of proverbial or idiomatic expressions in Welsh; 407-11, a list of thirty triads headed 'Llyma'r Trioedd a ddatcanodd Iolo Morganwg yng Ngorsedd Beirdd Ynys Prydain ar Frynn Dinorweg yn Arfon, Alban Elfed 1799'; 411-20, notes relating to ? bardic ceremonial and the duties of bards, and seven triads headed 'Llyma Drioedd cynghlo Cadair a Gorsedd'; 421-2, a list of Welsh phrases with English equivalents headed 'Address of letters - salutations in Glamorgan'; 442-3, a list of rules headed 'Rules to know when two languages have had the same word from remote antiquity which may claim it as originally its own'; 445-6, brief notes relating to the early bishops of Bangor, and Ylldud farchog and Eilifri, his mother; 447, transcripts of two 'englynion' attributed to Huw Cornwy and Huw Llwyd Cynfel; 447-8, notes on a ruin called Myrddin Taliesin on the banks of Llynn Geirionydd [co. Caernarvon]; 449, notes headed 'Pedwar Cerddawr Graddawl'; 450-51, an anecdote relating how [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' nearly lost his life through sleeping near a lime kiln at Llanelltyd [co. Merioneth] in June 1799; 452-7, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Siôn Philip, Edmund Prys, Huw Ednyfed, Lewis Môn, Tudur Aled, Owain Ifan, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Rhys Tyganwy, Huw Llwyd Cynfel, and Gruffudd Philip, and other poetic extracts; 472 + 475, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Richard Philip and Gruff. Hiraethog; 479, notes headed 'Edward Williams's idea of Public worship or Religious instruction rather'; 481-5, notes referring to Welsh literature in the late medieval period after the Edwardian conquest and, in connection therewith, the development of alliteration, the production of triplet verse and prose triads, the triads and verses of Llewelyn Llogell Rhison of Marchwiail, and the works of Hopcin Thomas ap Einion in South Wales, references to the existence of 'triades, triplet verses, etc., of very great antiquity', and to Druidic, Scaldic, Norman, Roman, and Saxon influences ? on literature, and a note on the lasting effects of the Edwardian conquest on political and religious attitudes in North Wales; 506, lists of 'flowering shrubs', 'native flowers rare', and 'evergreens' in Glamorgan; etc. Interspersed amongst the above items throughout the volume are lists or groups of Welsh words, notes on Welsh words, etymological notes, genealogical data, miscellaneous extracts from a variety of printed sources, and other miscellaneous items.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A volume containing notes of a very miscellaneous nature in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') except for a few pages in the hand of Taliesin Williams, his son. Included, pagination in brackets, are a brief note relating to the 'short and simple and thence natural account of the Welsh Saints' and a reference to the possibility of the existence of documents relating to 'British Ecclesiastic history' at the Vatican (1); notes headed 'Llyma Enwau Swrn o Wyr Enwogion o Genedl y Cymry . . .' being notes on figures of Welsh mythology presumably extracted (see note on p. 5) from Welsh School Collection MS No. 43 ( listed as missing when the Welsh School Collection was presented to the British Museum in 1844, see B.M. Additional MS 14955) (7-12); genealogical and historical or pseudo-historical data relating to Welsh saints or reputed saints, notes relating to figures such as Macsen Wledig, Seithenin Frenin, and Meyric, Brenin Dyfed, lists of the children of Caw o Dwr Celyn, Brychan Brycheiniawc, and Seithenin ab Seithin, etc. (21-37); a brief note relating to the bardic brothers Cynfrig and Ieuan ap Gronw, and the son, grandson, and great-grandson of the said Ieuan, all being bards ( 57); notes relating to Urnach Wyddel, who led twenty thousand 'Gwyddelod' into Gwynedd, and his sons Syrigi and Daronwy (58); brief notes on Arianrod ferch Don, Ugnach Wyddel and his son Culfardd, Cadvan ap Eneas, Cadvan ap Iago, and Cadwallon ap Cadvan (59); an incomplete list headed 'Mythological characters ex Cambrian Biography' (61-2); genealogical data tracing the descent in direct line of figures such as Coel Godebawc, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, Gruffudd ap Cynan, Maxen Wledig, Iestin ap Gwrgan, Cynedda Wledig, Cadell Deyrnllwg, Llywarch Hen, etc., and a list of the children of the last-named (65-71); a note relating to 'Saer Wyddel o Gor Illtyd' (71-2); notes relating to Hywel Dda, his establishing of the privileged 'pymtheg llwyth' in Gwynedd and the 'pedair gwelygordd ar hugain' in Pywys, and his instructions for the keeping of records of genealogies, etc., in Gwynedd and Pywys (72-3); a brief genealogy tracing the direct descent of Elystan Glodrydd from Beli Mawr and brief notes on the sons of Cynfarch ap Meirchion (78); a brief genealogy giving the lineal ancestors and descendants of Gruffudd Gwyr (80); variant lists of the names of the children of y Caw Cawllog or Caw o Brydyn with brief notes thereon (81-3); miscellanea including a list of the names of the seven bishops who debated with 'Awstin, Escob y Saeson, ar lann Hafren' (? St. Augustine), a brief note on [the monastery of] Bangor is y coed, a list of the sons of Goronwy o Wareddawc, a list of ? saints linked with specific areas, a note relating to Saint Illtud, a list of saints associated with Morgannwg and Gwent, other lists, and miscellaneous data (83-8); a copy of an inscription relating to the contents and the compiler of 'Llyfr Twrog' (89); a list of thirteen saints with the locations of churches or cells founded by them and occasional additional data relating thereto (93-5); a list of the names of five of the children of Brychan (98 ); a list of names of saints with the locations of cells founded by them or of ? their sphere of activity (99-100); a list of ten Welsh manuscript or printed volumes (e.g. 'Salmau Capten Middleton yn ysgrifenedig', 'Egluryn Ffraethineb yn ysgrifenedig', 'Salmau Middleton - Print') headed 'Ystrad Meyryg 1799' and followed by a note stating that when the compiler of the list visited [Ystrad meurig] three years later the last item on the list was missing (101); three bardic triads 'o Ramadeg Simwnt Fychan' (102 ); an incomplete list of triads headed 'Trioedd a ddangoswyd yng Nghadair Garth Moelwg gan Willim ap leuan Hen a elwir Gwilym Tew Brydydd o Dir Iarll' (103-04); notes, sometimes date of death only, or anecdotes relating to forty-four persons who flourished from the ?first to the seventeenth century, e.g. Constantine the Great, St. David, St. Patrick, Geoff[rey] of Monmouth, Syr Rhys ab Thomas [ob. 1525], Richard Nevil, earl of Warwick, ob. 1471, Dav[id] Jenkins of Hensol [co. Glamorgan], and Sir Edw[ard] Carne of Weny, co. Glamorgan [ob. 1561], and to one family, viz. the Morgans of Pencarn, Monmouthshire (109-19); a note relating to, and brief extracts from, 'Llyfr Twrog' (121-3); brief extracts relating to 'Pair Cariadwen', 'Pair Ogyrfan Gawr', and 'Pair Dadeni', with an extract from the work of Cynddelw and a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Casnodyn illustrative of the word 'pair / peir' (129-30); notes relating to Saint Illtud, the monastery and school founded at Llanilltud, and the abbots of the said monastery, all under the superscription 'July 19th 1729. The Antiquities of Lantwit Major, Com. Glamorgan' and being allegedly transcribed by Edward Williams from a manuscript account compiled by David Nicholls in 1729 (see also NLW MSS 13114B, 13116B above) (149-70); a list of the abbots of the monastery at Lantwit [Major] compiled from the account given on pp. 149-70 with brief general comments relating thereto ( 171-3); (continued)

Notes relating to a field called 'the Halls hay' which, according to the aforementioned Mr. Nicholls and tradition, was the site of the old abbey, the stones of the new church possibly taken from ruins unearthed at Halls hay, the town hall, the tithe barn, the granary of the tithe barn 'said to have been the Gate of the Monastery', the rectory house, the 'Chantery house', and abbot's rents in the aforesaid town and parish of Lantwit Major (174-8); a list of old Welsh words (179); a list of Welsh manuscripts headed 'Llyfrau Tho. Edwards, Dinbych' (197-8); a list of eight 'Welsh MSS. with Revd. Richd. Davies at Bangor' (199); extracts from 'Vol. 63. P.P.' [i.e. Paul Panton MS No. 63 now NLW MS 2029B, of which see ff. 90 verso-92 recto] relating to the location of certain Welsh manuscripts (200); very brief notes referring to some of the items to be found in some of the 'MSS. at Mr. Panton' [i.e. the Panton MSS now NLW MSS 1970- 2068] (201-02); a transcript of the beginning of the tale of Einion ap Gwalchmai and Rhiain y Glasgoed (209); a list of Welsh words with English definitions or comments thereon (210-11); a short list of Welsh words or phrases and a bardic triad (212); extracts from poems attributed to Gutto' r Glynn (215); lists of compound Welsh words containing instances of D + D or D + T > TT as in 'Cyttun < Cyd-dynn', of D > T 'when preceding G', etc. (217-19); copies of memorial inscriptions in the churches of Penarth and Landough [juxta] Penarth [co. Glamorgan] (220-25; in the hand of Tal[ies] in Williams); brief extracts from 'Llyfr Siôn Hywel Gwynn' defining the terms 'Alban Elfed', 'Alban Arthan', 'Alban Eilir', and 'Alban Hefin' and the three divisions of the year (226); miscellaneous jottings including an extract from The Independent Whig, 25 December 1808, a brief genealogical note referring to Thos. Vaughan of Hergest [co. Hereford, ob. 1469], his son and grandson, and a copy of the inscription on the tomb of the Reverend Edward Gamage, ob. 1734, in St. Athan's churchyard [co. Glamorgan ] (229-30); a brief note on Nicholas ap Gwrgant, bishop of Landaff in 1149, extracted from Brown Willis [: A Survey of the Cathedral Church of Landaff ], etc. (232); a note referring to the establishing of the bardic 'Cadair Tir Iarll' by Robert, son-in-law of Rhobert ab Ammon [late 11th cent.] (233); a short list of Welsh proverbs with English translations of some (234); two groups of Welsh words the first exemplifying 'Deudneudian mutilation' and the second 'Diphthongs with a diaresis' (235); a brief note on the poet Robert Langland, fl. 1369, and a list containing the names of three Glamorgan centenarians who were alive in 1812 and of one who had died in 1809 (237); a transcript of five 'englynion' attributed to John Miles of Pencoed, Llanilid [co. Glamorgan], 1812 (238); extracts from certain clauses of the 'New Toleration Act finally passed July 29th 1812' [ i.e. 'Places of Religious Worship Act, 1812'] (239-40); miscellaneous genealogical data relating to South Wales (245-51); genealogical data centred on the poet Dafydd Llwyd ap Llywelyn ap Gruffydd of Mathafarn [co. Montgomery] (253); the words and music of a song headed 'Irish song in the Register office by Mr. Moody' (254 + 259); transcripts of strict-metre stanzas attributed to Risiart Twrbil and Dafydd Benwyn (255); an extract from '?Mrs. Robinson's Monody to the memory of the Queen of France', etc. (256-7); an incomplete list (two names only) of 'Subscribers to Poems by E[dward] W[illiams], 2nd edit., 1813' (258); brief genealogical notes centred upon Ifor Petti [Ifor Bach, fl. 1158] of Seinghenydd [co. Glamorgan] (258); five stanzas of Welsh religious verse (260); brief notes headed 'Glamorgan 1806' containing brief observations on the progress of the wheat crops and the abundance of sainfoin 'in the Vale', 1-11 June, and on the soil, the amount of clover, and wychelms, etc., in the 'Vale of Miskin', and a copy of an inscription at Llanelldeyrn (271-2); a copy of an inscription 'On the Tomb of Monce de Lundres in the Abbey Church of Ewenny' (273); miscellanea including a note on the budding and flowering of trees and privets in the St. Athan area, April 1809, and on the comparative lightness of snowfalls in the southern part of the Vale of Glamorgan in the winter of 1808-1809, and extracts from 'Baldwin's London and Weekly Journal' relating to a storm in the London area in May 1809 and a snowstorm in the ? Bath area in April 1809 with notes contrasting conditions in Glamorgan on the same dates (274-5); a list of ? market towns in Glamorgan, 1809 (276); medicinal recipes (277-8); brief notes on the countryside between Landaff and Llantrisent [co. Glamorgan], 23 June 1810 (279); extracts from 'Bald[win's] Journal', July 1809, and [Anthony Florian Madinger] Willich: The Domestic Encyclopaedia [London, 1802] (281- 3); incomplete lists of 'cromlechau', tumuli, [stone] circles, and ruined chapels in co. Glamorgan (285-90); notes relating to the Lantwit Vairdre and Newbridge areas [of co. Glamorgan] (291-5); two examples of rotations of crops ? practised in Glamorgan (296); notes on the crossing of breeds of sheep in Glamorgan (302); brief notes ? from Dugdale's Baronage relating to Roger Mortimer of Chirk [ob. 1326], William Zouch of Mortimer [ob. 1337], and Hugh, earl of Chester, late 11th cent. (307-08); a list of Welsh words headed 'Deudneudiaith' (315); a transcript of a stanza of Welsh verse attributed to Guttyn . . . Gnwppa, two triads, a copy of an 'englyn' by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg', a formula for making ink, and an extract from a 'cywydd' attributed to T[udur] Aled (317); an account of Wiliam Dafydd Powel Ierwerth of the parish of Tre Gaian, co. Anglesey, ob. 1582, and his forty-three children (318-19); a tale relating to two families from Gwern Howel near Ysbytty and Rhyd y creue or Cil cenys [? co. Denbigh] (319-21); transcripts of two three-line stanzas of Welsh verse attributed to Ddd. Thomas, circa 1600, and one stanza of a Welsh carol (321); copies of eleven stanzas of Welsh verse headed 'o hen garol ar Salm 130' and two further stanzas headed 'Llyma ddechreu'r carol rhagflaeniedig. Y De profundis. Psalm 130' (322-4); brief notes relating to events in Wales and Ireland, 1648-9, based on or extracted from [John] Banks [: A Short Critical Review of the Political] Life of Oliver Cromwell [1739] (325-7); and other miscellanea.

'Iolo Morganwg' and Taliesin Williams.

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