Welsh poetry -- 19th century



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Welsh poetry -- 19th century

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Welsh poetry -- 19th century

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Miscellaneous papers kept by John Ceiriog Hughes comprising draft poetry, adjudications, correspondence, notes, and accounts; lawsuit papers, including a draft summons to Isaac Clarke, printer and publisher, of Ruthin, 1862, concerning inter alia the copyright of Oriau'r Bore; proof sheets of John Ceiriog Hughes's application and testimonials for an appointment as commercial traveller, 1871, and of the prospectus of the Mynyddog Memorial appeal, 1877; and a small poster advertising meetings of 'Cymdeithas Lenyddol Gymreig Manceinion', 1858, including lectures by John Hughes (Ceiriog) and William Williams (Creuddynfab).

Awdl gan Nicander

  • NLW MS 3423D.
  • File
  • 1841

Awdl y Gwanwyn, written by Morris Williams (Nicander) (1809-1874) and sent by him, with a letter, to Ellis Owen, Cefnymeusydd (1789-1868), 1841.

Williams, Morris, 1809-1874

Barddoniaeth eisteddfodol

Poetry submitted for competition at eisteddfodau held at Trefeglwys and Gleiniant, 1881, with draft adjudications by John Ceiriog Hughes, and a draft letter by Nicholas Bennett.

Barddoniaeth Gymraeg (1)

Notebooks and other volumes containing Welsh poetry, including drafts, fragments and notes, mostly by or in the hand of Taliesin ab Iolo (T6/1-22).
Seven volumes (T6/16-22) appear to been used by school pupils to copy out English poetry, later re-purposed by Taliesin for his own Welsh poetry.

Barddoniaeth Gymraeg (2)

Welsh poetry, including drafts, fragments and notes, mostly by or in the hand of Taliesin ab Iolo, comprising: loose poems which are either complete or relatively substantial (T7/1), with two further bundles of more fragmentary poems, drafts and notes (T7/2-3); three bundles of loose poetry retained in original order (T7/4-6); and items in hands other than that of Taliesin ab Iolo (T7/7).


An unsigned elegy 'Llinellau hiraethlon ar ôl fy nghyfaill Dafydd Parry o War-y-llwyn, Tŵr-gwyn, 1837; a poem entitled 'Bedd newydd Joseph o Arimathea' by J. Ceulanydd William, Merthyr Tydfil, 1880; a poem entitled 'Trydaniaeth' by William Cosslett, 1883; 'pryddest goffadwriaethol am ... Thomas Isaac a William Protheroe', 1882; 'Pryddest ar y Gauaf' by D. Edwards; an elegy on Mrs. Edward Evans, Caerphilly by William Cosslett, with an English translation by Downing Evans, Newport; other poems by William Cosslett; and some unsigned poetry.


Holograph poetry and short plays by Lewis Jones. The titles include 'Y Teiriaith (Gwyl y Glaniad, 1883)', 'Vy ngalarnad am Berry Rhys . . . [18] 83', 'Gwyl y Glaniad 1884 . . .', 'Anerchiad Eisteddvod 1883', 'Cwrcwd. Cerdd ddesgrifiadol o fywyd yn y Wladfa . . . 1872', 'Anerchiad Erbyn Eisteddvod y Vron Deg . . . 1880', 'Anerchiad i dervynu tymhor 1882, Cylch Caerantur . . .', 'Galarnad am Aaron Jenkins . . . 1879', 'Dal y Drvch Erbvn Gwyl y Glaniad 1874', etc.

Lewis Jones.

Bardism; miscellanea,

A volume (pp. i-xxii; 1-449) containing miscellaneous items, many relating to Welsh bardism, in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents include pp. 1-3, a note re the proclamation in 1795 of a bardic meeting to be held at Pen Bryn Owain in co. Glamorgan in 1796; 3-7, notes re the times of holding bardic meetings ('Cadair a Gorsedd wrth Gerdd a Barddoniaeth'), etc.; 7-16, eleven rules under the superscription 'Darbodau Gorsedd Gyfallwy Cadair Morganwg . . . ar Benn Brynn Owain ym Morganwg . . . 1795' relating to the conduct of bardic meetings, the measures, content, and language of poems, the bards, etc.; 25-8, a note of a proclamation in 1798 of a 'Cadair a Gorsedd ar Gerdd a Barddoniaeth' to be held at Pen Brynn Owain in co. Glamorgan in twelve months time, notes on the times of holding future bardic meetings '. . . ymmraint Cadair Orsedd Morganwg . . . ar ben Twyn Owain', and a geographical definition of the term Morgannwg in this context; 35-44., notes headed 'Coelbren y Beirdd herwydd Llyfr Llywelyn Siôn' being notes relating to the special alphabet reputedly devised by the Welsh bards for carving or notching on wooden surfaces and different modes of constructing wooden appliances or so-called 'books' which could be used as writing surfaces when utilising this alphabet; 51, an incomplete version of a 'question and answer' conversation between a teacher and his disciple; 55-6, notes relating to early British bards called 'gwyddoniaid', a bardic meeting between Prydain ab Aedd Mawr and three of these bards called Plennydd, Alawn, and Gwron ('Tri Phrif Feirdd Ynys Prydain'), rules for the bardic order formulated then, etc.; 57-60, English definitions of, or notes in Welsh on, terms of bardic relevance, e.g. 'Alban', 'Gorsedd Arddangos', 'Arwest', 'Cerdd Arwest'; 63-73, extracts of varying length from the works of Welsh poets ? illustrating bardic or poetic terms ('Bardic Allusions from the Welsh Bards'); 79, a note on 'Colofn Prydain (sef felly y gelwir y Gyhydedd Gyrch yn Llyfr Gm. Tew)'; 80-82, notes on Welsh literary production up to and including the fifteenth century mentioning Dafydd ap Gwilym, Llawdden, Harri ap Rhys ap Gwilym, Ieuan Brechfa, Edeyrn dafawd aur, Einiawn offeiriad, Dafydd Ddu Hiraddug, and Hopkin ap Thomas; 82-6, notes relating to an 'eisteddfod' held under the patronage of Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Tewdwr in Aberteifi and to rules concerning the order of bards and musicians formulated there; 87-8, brief notes on the bardic 'cadair arddangos' and 'cadair dwmpath'; 89, a note relating to the original of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, an extract from the said work, and a note on 'a circumstance . . . exactly similar' in a poem by Dafydd ap Gwilym; 90-91, notes on Dafydd ap Gwilym and his poetry; 92-4, notes on the Welsh alphabet; 95-? 104, the rules and customs of the bardic chair of Tir Iarll ('Trefnau a Defodau Cadair Tir Iarll'); 111-13, bardic miscellanea; 119- 22, notes relating to the rights, etc., of the bardic order with the superscription 'Llyma ddangos amrafaelion o arferion a breiniau a defodau a barnau a chyfarwyddyd a berthynent i Feirdd a gwyr wrth gerdd o'r hen Lyfrau'; 127-33, notes on 'Cerdd Gadair', 'Cerdd Deuluaidd', 'Clergerdd', 'Datgeiniad Cadair', and 'Datgeiniad Penpastwn'; (continued)

135-7 + 145, further notes re rules for bardic meetings; 142, two triads; 143-4 + 155, notes relating to ? the Welsh bardic alphabet; 154, a note on 'Tair colofn Barddoniaeth'; 157-9, notes relating to the alleged association between (a) Gruffudd ap Cynan and Bleddyn ap Cynfyn and the code of rules for the bardic order, (b) Bleddyn ap Cynfyn and 'regulations for genealogies and armorial bearings', (c) Rhys ap Tewdwr and the introduction of the 'Bardic Laws of the Round Table' from Armorica, and (d) Gruffudd ap Cynan and 'a musical sessions in Glyn Achlach in Ireland . . . 1096'; 171-4, a transcript of twelve stanzas of Welsh verse attributed to Siencyn o'r Crwys y Prydydd; 174, a list of 'Plant Caw o Brydyn'; 175, a transcript of a twelve-line Welsh stanza allegedly composed by Thomas Glyn Cothi on the occasion of the French landing at Fishguard in 1797; 176-7, genealogical data relating to the family of Iestyn ab Gwrgan and related families; 178, a transcript of an 'englyn' relating to Owain Glyn Dyfrdwy attributed to Ieuan Gethin ap Ieuan ap Lleision; 179, a few entries relating to events in Welsh history, 870-959; 180, a transcript of 'englynion' ? attributed to Hywel Ystoryn; 181-6, an anecdote and notes relating to ? the reputed poetesses of Ty Talwyn, parish of Llangynwyd [co. Glamorgan]; 187 + 193, skeleton notes on Llanilid, Llanharan, Llanhari, Llantrisaint, St. Donats, and Flimston [co. Glamorgan]; 188-9, historical and other notes relating to the parish of Merthyr Tydvil [co. Glamorgan]; 190, a list of 'Antiquities in and about Merthyr'; 191, a note on Mallt Walbi 'a Brecon virago' and leader of a gang of freebooters, and a list of 'Remarkable Parishes' [in Glamorgan]; 192, a list of 'Antiquities in and about Lantwit Major' [co. Glamorgan]; 205, extracts relating to 'Melchin, an ancient British author', 'Hu Gadarn', etc., 'Ex Celtic Remains by Lewis Morris'; 206-07, a note on heroic poetry and the attitude of the 'descendants of the Celts' towards it; 219- 22, comments on orthography arising out of [William] Owen [Pughe]'s innovations with regard to Welsh orthography; 223-7, notes relating to the formation of compounds and plurals of monosyllabic words in ancient Cimbric and modern Welsh; 227-39, notes relating to the original home of the Cymry and early druidism and bardism, etc.; 241, a short list of Welsh words relating to worship with English definitions; 242-4, notes on the principles of druidism; 246-51, notes relating to the 'Great Eisteddfod at Caermarthen' [? 1451], 'the system of versification that received the sanction of that Eisteddfod', the adoption of this system by the bards of North Wales and some of those of South Wales, its rejection by the bards of Glamorgan and their compilation of 'a system of discipline, of Poetical Criticism, of Versification, and of whatever appertained to their science', the death of the Carmarthen system during the reign of James I, Gronwy Owen's verse, and the Gwyneddigion Society's annual Welsh poetry competition and its attempt 'to restore the system of the Carmarthen Eisteddfod'; 252-4, notes relating to an 'eisteddfod' held at Nant Gonwy, 1 Edward IV, incorporating 'englynion' attributed to Dafydd ap Edmund and Twm Tegid Brydydd 'o Langower ym Mhenllyn'; 259-66 + 274-82, an outline journal of a journey from South to North Wales and back, July-August 1800, the places mentioned on the northward journey including Cowbridge, Bridgend, Neath, Caeo, Dolau Cothi, Pumsaint, Clydogau Mountain, Llanfair Cludogeu, Llandewi Brevi, Tregaron, Pont Rhyd Fendigaid, Hafod, Pont ar fynach, Llanbadarn, Aberdyfi, Towyn, Dolgelleu, and Blaeneu (a visit to [Rhys Jones, antiquary and poet] and transcribing of manuscripts), and on the return journey Llanfachreth, Dolgelley (mention here of harpists and of the origin of the triple-stringed harp), Carneddi Hengwm, Tal y llynn, Abergyrnolwyn, Aberdyfi, Aberystwyth, Llanrhystid, Tal y sarn, New Inn, Abergwily, Caerm[arthe]n, Llangyndeyrn, Pont y Berem, Llan Nonn, Cydwely, Llanelly, Pont ar Ddulais, Swansea, Llangynwyd, and Bridgend; 262, a transcript of twelve lines of English verse entitled 'Loyalty by a Cobler'; 264, a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Huw Llwyd Cynfel; 270-73, a Welsh saints' calendar; 306, a plan of a 'Sheepfold at the foot of Cadair Idris, another in ruins on the same plan Cefn Merthyr, several more in Glamorgan'; (continued)

307, a transcript of the 'title-page' of Edward Jones: The Bardic Museum of Primitive British Literature . . .; 308-13, a series of eleven Welsh triads ('Llyma Drioedd y Beirdd') with an English translation thereof extracted from pp. 1-4 of the aforementioned Bardic Museum by Edward Jones; 316, a medicinal recipe for rheumatism in the head; 317, a 'Plan of a school house or accademy'; 323-38, extracts from Sharon Turner: History . . . of the Anglo-Saxons [vol. IV], relating to the language, literature, and music of the Anglo - Saxons; 339-43, notes on, and extracts from, [Walter] Scott's 'Lay of the Last Minstrel'; 359-62, extracts from a review of Edward Moor: The Hindu Pantheon which appeared in The Edinburgh Review, February 1811; 367-70, brief notes relating to the poetic dialect of the Welsh bards, the 'ancient [Welsh] Prose dialect', 'the modern [Welsh] literary Dialect', and 'The Venedotian Dialect' and its use in literature, and comments on the efforts of 'A Welsh (would-be literary) Society in London . . . to patronize the Welsh Language'; 373-80, notes relating to the introduction of Scaldic bardism into North Wales in the time of Gruffudd ap Cynan and the consequent disappearance of the old British bardism in that part of the country, the preservation of the old bardism in Glamorgan, and the invigorating effect of the 'Scaldic manner or system' on Welsh poetry and the Welsh language, general comments on the moral tone of Welsh literature, etc.; 381, three 'grammatical' triads; 382, a very brief list of Irish words in the Venedotian dialect; 383, an extract 'Ex Vol. 35 Plas Gwynn Mon' [i.e. Panton MS 35 now NLW MS 2003] relating to the 'dymchwelawl' poetic metre; 384, a note relating to an old manuscript volume containing Welsh miracle plays in the possession of 'Dr. Thomas yn Llwyn Iwrch' in the eighteenth century; 385-6, comments on the practice of calling 'the ancient British Religion Druidical'; 387-9, general observations on the development of the 'system of versification and of poetical criticism . . . of the Welsh Bards'; 390, a brief note on 'Bardism or Druidism'; 391-2, a list of fourteen chapter headings for a proposed 'History of the Bards' [? by Edward Williams], with a note at the beginning 'A Bad Plan' and at the end 'The above is only the first rude sketch of 1791 and here only retained as containing a few hints that may be useful' (in addition to material on British / Welsh bardism and druidism and Welsh music this work was to contain chapters on Irish and Highland bards, Scandinavian scalds, Provencal troubadours, and Saxon and English minstrels); 392-4, a list of thirty-six topics or subject or chapter headings being 'Another arrangement' [presumably for the proposed 'History of the Bards']; 395, a transcript of three 'englynion' attributed to Gutto'r Glyn, the third being attributed also to H[ywel] D[afydd] I[eua] n Rhys (an accompanying note mentions an 'eisteddfod' at Cardiff Castle); 396-7, a list of six 'Topics for the Bards Common Place book'; 398, a list of dates ? in connection with the holding of 'eisteddfodau' at Ystrad Ywain [co. Glamorgan]; 399-400, notes relating to the 'Polity or Discipline' of the druids and bards; 407, a list of fourteen 'names given by the ancient Bards to the Coronog faban' (part Welsh, part English, and derived from [Thomas] Pugh [: Brittish and Out-landish] Prophesies . . . [ London, 1658]); 408-18, notes relating largely to early British bardism and druidism with mention of [James] MacPherson and the Ossianic poems; 423-5, miscellaneous triads, etc.; 426 + 430-31, general reflections relating to etymology; 427-9, reflections on the use of conjecture in history particularly 'with respect to the peopling of Europe and America' if no historical records were available; 431-3, notes relating to the dissension between the bards of North Wales and those of Glamorgan consequent upon the 'succesful attempt of Daf[ydd] ab Edmund at the Caermarthen Congress [? 1451] to establish his own system [of versification]', the researches undertaken by the Glamorgan bards into 'Bardic history and science' and their discovery of 'the true principles of Poetry and versification', etc.; 435-7, notes containing general reflections on changes in the Welsh language and poetry from the late thirteenth century onwards; and 438, a list of six Welsh triads.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Beirniadaethau Islwyn

  • NLW MS 23703B.
  • File
  • [c. 1864]

A copy-book, [c. 1864], in the hand of William Thomas (Islwyn), containing adjudications in Welsh on four poetical competitions at an unspecified eisteddfod (ff. 3 verso-24 verso), including writing an epic elegy for John Robert Pryse (Golyddan) (ff. 3 verso-6).
There are also notes on epic poems (f. 1 recto-verso).

Islwyn, 1832-1878.

Brythonydd Papers,

  • GB 0210 BRYYDD
  • Fonds
  • [early 18th century]-1952 (accumulated [1891x1952]) /

Papers of Brythonydd and others, [early 18th century]-1952, comprising essays and notes on Teifiside history, 1902-1909; notes on sermons and lectures; diaries, 1906-1923; transcripts of various historical, literary and religious material including Ystradyfodwg parish records, 1735-1930, and Howel Harris' diaries, 1738-1771; transcripts of poetry by Cardiganshire poets including Gwinionydd; letters, 1898-1952; vestry books and account books of Cenarth and Penbryn and other parishes, [pre 1798]-1876; records of Libanus, Treherbert including minute books, registers and account books, 1842-1946; papers of Benjamin Williams, 'Gwinionydd', including letters, sermons, 1855-1890, essays, notes and poetry; papers of David James ('Defynnog'), Treherbert, relating mainly to the column he edited in The South Wales News and including sermons and adjudications of his uncle, Benjamin Thomas ('Myfyr Emlyn'), 1875-1928; papers of John Morris Jones ('Ioan Cunllo'), John Thomas, Charles Davies, Thomas Cynfelyn Benjamin, Lewis Jones, Treherbert, Rees Price, David Price, Joseph Davies and Rhys Lloyd Jones, Troed-yr-aur, and others, consisting mainly of poetry, accounts, letters, addresses, notebooks and sermons, [19th century]-[20th century].

Williams, D. Pryse (David Pryse), 1878-1952

C. Tawelfryn Thomas Papers,

  • GB 0210 MSCTAWEL
  • Fonds
  • 1837-1938 /

Papers of the Rev. C. Tawelfryn Thomas, 1837-1938, comprising letters addressed to him from religious, literary and political figures, 1874-1938, mainly about biographical details of historical and contemporary ministers and poets, eisteddfod competitions, publication of books and articles, including Thomas's own work on Ieuan Gwynedd, the Independent College in Bala, personal matters, preaching engagements and ministers' appointments; stanzas composed by him; and poetry by William Cosslett (Gwilym Elian) and others, 1837-1903.

Thomas, C. Tawelfryn (Cadwaladr Tawelfryn), 1856-1939.


A notebook containing holograph versions and press cuttings of poems by Ceiriog, many of which were included in Yr Oriau Olaf published by Isaac Foulkes in 1888. Some of the press cuttings are of translations of poems into English.
Loose items have been placed in an archival envelope.


Notebooks containing poems and draft poems by Ceiriog, including words printed in Songs of Wales.

Caneuon Ceiriog

A collection of sheets containing drafts and copies of poems by John Ceiriog Hughes.

D. J. Williams (Llanbedr) Papers,

  • GB 0210 DJIAMS
  • Fonds
  • 1773-1949 (accumulated [1906]-1949) /

Papers of D. J. Williams, Llanbedr, Merionethshire, 1773-1949, comprising notebooks and other papers belonging to John Jones ('Tudur Llwyd') and John Peter, 'Ioan Pedr', 1773-1850; miscellaneous business papers, 1846-1903; notes, essays, books, and poems by D. J. Williams, 1911-1949; manuscripts of translations (by others) of books into Welsh, 1942-1945; notes and materials on the history of Llanderfel and Ardudwy, 1935-1938; manuscript and sources for Cyfres Chwedl a Chân, [1930s]; letters to D. J. Williams concerning children's stories, 1933-1949, from various authors; general correspondence of D. J. Williams, 1909-1941; papers relating to the translation into Welsh of school books and Welsh publications, 1932-1949; and radio scripts, stories, plays and lectures, by D. J. Williams and others [20th century].

Williams, D. J. (David John), 1886-1950


  • NLW MS 11053C
  • File
  • [1836x1859].

A volume lettered 'Detholion', containing printed matter and press cuttings mainly relating to Welsh eisteddfodau. The printed matter includes an announcement, 1849, of the sale of building land on the Gloddaeth estate of the Hon. E. M. L. Mostyn, M.P.; correspondence, 1836, between the Reverend D. James, Kirkdale, Liverpool, and Arthur James Johnes, Garthmyl, concerning a resolution of thanks by the Liverpool Society of Ancient Britons to Arthur James Johnes 'for his laudable attempt to remove the abuses which have crept into the established church in Wales through the appointment of English bishops and English incumbents ...'; a prospectus of an eisteddfod to be held at Liverpool on 1 March, 1838, under the auspices of the Liverpool Society of Ancient Britons; an appeal by the London Society of Ancient Britons for subscriptions to a fund for the delivering of lectures in Welsh on scientific subjects and for the translation into Welsh of scientific treatises, etc.; minutes of proceedings of the Liverpool Gordovigion Royal Eisteddfod, 1840; etc. The majority of the press cuttings are from The Carnarvon and Denbigh Herald, The North Wales Chronicle, The Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian, and The Merthyr Chronicle, and include a report on the Beaumaris Royal Eisteddfod, 1832; a letter, 1837, by John Parry ('Bardd Alaw'); a report of a meeting of the Wrexham Literary Association [1859]; letters of John Jones ('Talhaiarn') and others relating to the failure of the London Eisteddfod of 1855; a report of a concert given by the Liverpool Welsh Choral Society [1849]; letters relating to criticisms of adjudications at the Cardiff Athenaeum eisteddfod, 1851; poetry; songs; etc.

Deunydd yn ymwneud â Cheiriog

Manuscripts of, and relating to, J. Ceiriog Hughes (Ceiriog), including manuscript copies of four of his poems ('Ti wyddost beth ddywaid fy nghalon', 'Y Gwely o Gymru', 'Carol Nadolig' and 'Ymadawol Gân'); three Ceiriog letters, comprising two to his parents and one to his sister Jane; letters of Jane Hughes, comprising six to her brother Ceiriog, six to her mother or other members of the family and one to a Miss Roberts; three earlier letters from members of the family in America; manuscript and printed pedigrees; three photographs; etc.

Hughes, John Ceiriog, 1832-1887


Diary, 1870, with entries from March-October, describing his life as an itinerant farm labourer in Victoria, Australia, including work threshing corn with periods of unemployment, poetry and a copy of a letter, 8 September 1870, sent by Joseph Jenkins, 'Travelling Swagman', to a farmer W. Nash, seeking work. The first section of the book contains poems written in Welsh, including 26 stanzas giving advice to his son Tom, a verse he composed after hearing about the death of his son Lewis, [1869], 'At fy merch Mary' and 'Pan yn rhodio ym mysg y llwyni ger llaw Castlemaine ...'.

Eisteddfod y Fottas

Poetical compositions, 1824-1827, submitted for competition at 'Eisteddfod y Fottas' (the Boot Eisteddfod), held by Cymdeithas Cadair Merthyr Tydfil at the Boot Inn (Arwydd y Fottas), Merthyr Tydfil, together with some adjudications (T9/1, 2 folders). Also included are copies, 1823-1827, of posters advertising the eisteddfodau (T9/2).
Taliesin Williams was secretary to Cymdeithas Cadair Merthyr Tydfil. Some of the compositions were printed in Awenyddion Morganwg; neu, Farddoniaeth Cadair Merthyr Tudful (Merthyr Tydfil, [1826]).

Cymdeithas Cadair Merthyr Tydfil

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