Welsh poetry -- Early modern, 1550-1700.



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Welsh poetry -- Early modern, 1550-1700.

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Welsh poetry -- Early modern, 1550-1700.

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Welsh poetry -- Early modern, 1550-1700.

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A seventeenth century transcript of 'cywyddau' by Rhys ap Rhys, Ieuan Brechfa, Syr Dafydd Trefor, Tudur Aled, Lew[y]s Môn, Siôn Tudur, Gruffudd Hiraethog, Huw Talai, Ieuan ap Hywel Swrdwal, Dafydd ap Hywel ab Ieuan Fychan, Ieuan Deulwyn, Robin Ddu, Deio ab Ieuan Du, Mathew Brwmffild, Guto'r Glyn, Lewis Glyn Cothi, Rhys Degannwy, Dafydd Nanmor, Gruffudd ap Gronw Gethin ('o lanvair talhayarn'), Wiliam Llŷn, Syr Owain ap Gwilym, Lew[y]s Morganwg (Llywelyn ap Rhisiart), Llawdden, Ieuan Gyfannedd, Dafydd Baentiwr, Gruffudd Gryg, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Dafydd ab Edmwnd, Gutun Owain and Dafydd Cowper.


A volume containing Welsh strict-metre poetry in the hand of Wmffre Dafis, vicar of Darowen, written in 1599 for his nephew, Theodore Price, sub-dean of Westminster Abbey.
The same scribe also wrote Bodewryd MS 1, BL Addl MS 14933, Llanstephan MSS 35, 118, and NLW MS 3056D (Mostyn MS 160). Jesus College MS 101 (see Report on Manuscripts in the Welsh Language, 2 vols (London, 1898-1910), II, pp. 68-86) appears to be a straight transcript from this manuscript. A series of englynion in Welsh and Latin have been added in an early-seventeenth century hand on f. v.

Davies, Humphrey, -1635


A composite volume consisting of two incomplete manuscripts written by several mid-seventeenth century scribes and containing Welsh poetry mostly in strict-metre.
It comprises: (a) pp. 1-498, 595-622 (many misplaced leaves, the original order being pp. 615-616, 179-186, 37-38, 595-598, 619-622, 599-602, 35-36, 1-34, 39-178, 187-432, 603-614, 433-498) mainly in the hands of Richard Cynwal (pp. 37-38, 179-186, 615-619) and an unidentified mid-seventeenth century scribe, containing Welsh poetry addressed mostly to the Maurice family of Clenennau and related families, including those of Bryncir; Wern, Penmorfa; Craflwyn, Beddgelert; Ystumcegid and Corsygedol; (b) pp. 499-594 in the hand of an unidentified mid-seventeenth century scribe, containing Welsh poetry addressed to families of north-east Wales, particularly those of Eutun of Leeswood and Lloyd of Bodidris. Poems, probably holograph, by Ellis Rowland, Jane Vaughan of Caer Gai and William Wynne are tipped in at the end of the volume (pp. 623-625).


A volume containing Welsh poetry in strict and free metre, including a poem dated 1627 (f. 280), in an unidentified hand of the early seventeenth century; the same hand also wrote NLW MS 6471B and Jesus College, Oxford MSS 139 and 140.
The scribe was copying from at least six different manuscripts, the beginnings and ends of which he usually indicates, e.g. 'dechre llyfyr Mr Iohn peers' (f. 1), 'dechre llyfyr arall (ff. 60 verso, 225 verso) and 'diwedd i llyfr yma' (ff. 135, 225 verso). Books begin on ff. 1, 60 verso, 105, 135 and 225 verso; the sixth book probably began in the gap resulting from the excision of leaves between ff. 245 and 246. Additions include a poem, dated 1630, written in a contemporary hand on ff. iii-iv; englynion on ff. iv verso, and on f. 176 verso, probably in the hand of Lowry Evans; verses in free metre in an early-nineteenth century hand tipped onto f. 305; and a subject index of contents of the volume when it was complete in a hand of the second half of the seventeenth century on ff. 306-310.

Barddoniaeth a phroffwydoliaethau

A volume containing poetry mostly in strict metre, together with some prose items and a significant body of prophetic prose or vaticinatory verse, transcribed between 1649 (see pp. 285-288) and 1660 by Wiliam Bodwrda; the volume would appear to have been 'No. 17' in his own collection of manuscripts (see f. iv and p. 342).
The cited works are mainly those of fifteenth-century poets, including eulogies by Lewys Glyn Cothi and prophetic poetry by Dafydd Gorlech, Dafydd Llwyd ap Llywelyn ap Gruffudd o Fathafarn and Robin Ddu. Several pieces of prophecy are either anonymous or attributed to ambiguous and obscure authors such as Taliesin, y Bardd Cwsg and y Bergam. Eulogies composed in praise of the Bodwrda family are found on pages 181-193 and 285-288. Wiliam Bodwrda himself has paginated the manuscript from 1-341, but some of these numbers have been cropped in binding. The paper, according to the transcriber's practice, has been folded before use giving three vertical creases on every page, the left-hand crease being used as a guide for the alignment of the text. The transcriber uses a catchword on the bottom right-hand corner of most verso pages.

Wiliam Bodwrda.

Barddoniaeth a rhyddiaith,

  • Brogyntyn MS II.55 [RESTRICTED ACCESS].
  • File
  • [late 16 cent.]-[18 cent., first ½].
  • Part of Brogyntyn manuscripts

A composite manuscript of loose papers and fragments of manuscript volumes. It contains poetry and prose, mostly in Welsh, much of the poetry being addressed to the Owen family of Brogyntyn and Clenennau and other related families. Apart from a late-sixteenth century awdl by Wiliam Llŷn (ff. 57-58), the other items all belong between the first half of the seventeenth century and the first half of the eighteenth century.
Fragments apparently once part of books, some of which perhaps were never bound, are: a narrow folio of cywyddau and englynion by Mathew Owen, in the hand of Nathanael Jones (ff. 20-26), written not before 1656 (see ff. 24 verso-25), with autograph englynion added by Harri Howel (f. 20 verso) and by Nathanael Jones (f. 20 verso, 23); a folio manuscript containing cywyddau to Lewis Anwyl of Parc and his family, dated 1627-1636 (ff. 38-55), written by two good hands of the first half of the seventeenth century, one responsible for ff. 38-50 verso, the other ff. 51-55; a quarto manuscript with transcripts of poetry of the Gogynfeirdd (ff. 113-122; paginated 1-20), by a seventeenth-century hand similar to that of Morris Evans (cf. ff. 93-94, 123-141); pedigrees of Welsh royal lines, the Maurices of Clenennau, etc., in English (ff. 123-141; original foliation 1-12 survives), in the hand of Morris Evans (ff. 123-127 verso, 129-134 verso) and a second hand (ff. 128 recto-verso, 135-141); a narrow folio of canu brud attributed to Myrddin, Taliesin, etc. (ff. 178-186), written by Nathanael Jones, not before 1651 (ff. 182 verso, 183 verso 'aetatis suae a 21o Feb: 1650 27'); a folio manuscript of canu brud, mainly cywyddau, by Dafydd Llwyd and others (ff. 189-207), in a poor hand of the mid seventeenth century, probably that of Thomas Edwards to judge by pentrials on f. 196 verso, who refers to Tregeiriog (f. 199 verso) and 'Llanfylling fairings' (f. 207 verso); an octavo manuscript containing poems by Robin Clidro, etc., in a seventeenth or eighteenth century hand (ff. 210-219); and a folio manuscript of autograph cywyddau and englynion by Huw Morys, some addressed to William Owen and Sir Robert Owen (ff. 222-226 verso). Poetry written on loose papers includes autograph poems by Huw Morys (ff. 12-18), John Owens (ff. 59-71; f. 69 recto-verso may be his italic hand), Harri Howel (ff. 75-76 verso, 90 recto-verso), Owen Gruffydd (ff. 84-89, 230-231), William Phylip (ff. 97-98 verso), John Morgan, later vicar of Conwy (f. 101 recto-verso, the poem incomplete and anonymous, dated 1688, the hand his), Siôn Rhydderch, 1732 (ff. 104-105, 227-228), and Edward Lloyd, Brewis (f. 221 recto-verso). There are probable autograph poems by Edward Rowlant (ff. 72-74 verso, 79-80) and John Richard (f. 81), and possible autograph poems by 'J. Ll.' (f. 26 verso), Mathew Owen (ff. 77-78, 232 recto-verso), Siôn Roberts (ff. 91-92), Huw Cadwaladr (ff. 106-108) and 'R.C.' (f. 163). Other poetry is in the hands of Morris Evans (ff. 93-94) and 'Theo: Ro:' (ff. 152-154 verso). Also included is a letter, 1652, from the antiquary Meredith Lloyd to Thomas Vaughan, the alchemist and poet (ff. 1-3 verso), followed by a copy of Hanes Taliesin (ff. 5-10 verso). The 'Cywydd Marwnad i Mr William Owen o Borkynton' by Huw Morys, beginning 'Mae gwaedd oer lem Gweddw [yw'r wlad]', discussed in E. D. Jones, 'The Brogyntyn Welsh Manuscripts', National Library of Wales Journal, 7 (1951-2), 165-198 (pp. 186-189, 196-197), has not been found.

Barddoniaeth (fac.)

  • NLW MS 11115B.
  • File
  • [?1959]

A negative photostat facsimile of Welsh MS. 2 in the John Rylands Library, Manchester, being an incomplete early eighteenth century collection of poetry, largely in the form of 'cywyddau', by Sion Philip, Rhisiart Philip, Edmund Price [sic], William Cynwal, Evan Bry[dy]dd hir, Lewis Môn, Sion Cent, Tudyr Aled, David ap Gwillim [sic], David Nanmor [sic] and others. On p. 76 is a text of 'Brenin dlysau ynys Brydai[n]'. Later eighteenth century additions include a certificate of a declaration of an oath by Edd. Vaughan of Lanymowddy, Merioneth, 2 November, 1750, that a red heifer sold at Dinnas Mowddy and the herd from which it is taken are free from the infection now raging among horned cattle in the Kingdom.

Barddoniaeth Thomas Prys

'Cywydeu ac Odleu' chiefly by Capt. Thomas Price of Plas Iolyn, Denbighshire; together with indices and proverbs. Pages 9-465, 515-519, 552-562 appear to have been written by the same hand, possibly the author, prior to 31 March 1631, when the Indices (pp. 573-654) were compiled.

Prys, Thomas, 1564?-1634


Transcripts, mainly by Rhys Jones o'r Blaenau, editor of Gorchestion Beirdd Cymru (Amwythig, 1773), of 'cywyddau' and other poetry by William Llŷn, Rhys Goch Glyndyfrdwy, Tudur Aled, Edward Morus [Perthi-llwydion], Gruffudd Hiraethog, Gruffudd ab Ieuan ap Llywelyn Fychan, Gruffudd Gr[y]g, Dafydd ab Edmwnd, Lewis Daron, Lewis Menai, Sion Tudur, Goronwy Owen, Sion Dafydd Lâs, Thomas Prys, Huw Mor[y]s, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Dafydd Nanmor, Mor[u]s Dwyfech [Morus ap Dafydd ab Ifan ab Einion], Rhys Cain, Bedo Brwynllys, Bedo Aeddren, Ieuan Deulwyn, Gruffudd Llwyd ap Dafydd ab Einion, Edwart Urien, Sion Cain, Ieuan Dew Brydydd, Lewis Glyn Cothi, Lewis Trefnant, Maredudd ap Rhys, Tudur Penllyn, Ieuan ap Hywel Swrdwal, Llawdden, Owain Gwynedd, Sion Ceri, Syr Ifan [o Garno], Robin Ddu, Hywel [ap] Rheinallt, Gutun Owain, Guto'r Glyn, Huw Arwystli, Dafydd Ddu Hiraddug [Dafydd Ddu Athro], Ieuan ap Tudur Penllyn, Iolo Goch, Sion Cent, Ieuan Brydydd Hir [Hynaf], Huw Llwyd Cynfal, Gruffudd Llwyd ab Ieuan, Richard Cynwal, Huw Machno, Robert Dyfi, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Syr Rhys o Garno, Hywel ap Dafydd ab Ieuan ap Rhys, Richard Phylip, Evan Evans ('Ieuan Brydydd Hir'), Ieuan Du'r Bilwg, Aneirin Gwawdrydd, Taliesin, Morys ab Ieuan ab Einion, Deio ab Ieuan Du, Rhys Pennardd, Meil[y]r Brydydd, Cynddelw [Brydydd Mawr], Thomas Jones (Tregaron) ['Twm Sion Cati'], Wiliam Cynwal, Llywarch Hen, Bedo Hafesp, Huw Pennant, Edward Richard (Ystradmeurig) and David Richards ('Dafydd Ionawr').

Jones, Rhys, 1713-1801


Transcripts by Llywarch Reynolds of poems by Rhisiart ap Rhys, Lewis Morganwg (Llywelyn ap Rhisiart), Dafydd Benwyn, Hywel Swrdwal, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Guto'r Glyn, Sion Mowddwy and Dafydd ab Edmwnd.


'Carolau' and 'cywyddau' by Siôn Tudur, Doctor Powel, Ellis [ab] Ellis, Edward Wynn, Owen Gruffydd, Huw Mor[y]s, Margaret Davies, William Pierce Dafydd, Mrs Morgans, Dafydd Manuel, Robert Humphreys, William Jones, Mathew Owen, Arthur Jones, Ellis Cadwaladr, William Wynn ('o Ragad'), David Vaughan, John [Sion] Cadwaladr, Ellis Roberts and Hugh Jones ('o Langwm'); 'englynion'. Part of the volume is in the autograph of Margaret Davies, Coedcaedu, Llanfachreth, Merioneth.


A transcript by William Jones ('Bleddyn'), Llangollen, formerly of Beddgelert, of 'cywyddau' and 'englynion' by Dafydd ap Gwilym, Iolo Goch, Dafydd ab Edmwnd, Tudur Aled, Guto'r Glyn, Tudur Penllyn, Syr Rhys o Garno, Sion Cent, Maredudd ap Rhys, Lewis Glyn Cothi, Llawdden, Robin Clidro, Sion Tudur, Wiliam Cynwal, Wiliam Llŷn, Edmwnd Prys, Simwnt Fychan, Sion Brwynog, Owain Gwynedd, Gruffudd ab Ieuan ap Llywelyn Fychan, Thomas Prys, Sion Prys ('o'r Gerddinen'), Edwart ap Raff, Rhys Ednyfed, Thomas Evans, Huw Arwystli, Watcyn Clywedog, Sion Dafydd Lâs [John Davies], Owen Gruffydd, Dafydd Gwyne, Dafydd Jones ('Ficer Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd'), Gruffudd Hiraethog, Ieuan Deulwyn, Hywel ap Dafydd ab Ieuan ap Rhys, Inco Brydydd, Gruffudd Gryg, Ellis Rowland and Hywel ap Rheinallt; 'englynion'.

Bleddyn, 1829?-1903


'Cywyddau' and other poetry by Gruffudd Hiraethog, Bedo Phylip Bach, Lewis Glyn Cothi, Bedo Brwynllys, Tudur Aled, Robin Ddu, Sion Phylip, R-- M--, Sion Tudur, Wiliam Llŷn, Ieuan Dew Brydydd, Llywelyn ap Gutun, Edmwnd Prys, Richard Cynwal, Syr Dafydd Trefor, Gruffudd ap Tudur ap Hywel, Dafydd ap Rhys ab Evenni [?o Fenai or o'r Fenni], Huw Llifon ('Clochydd Llanefydd'), Lewis Lloyd, Lewis ab Edward, Iolo Goch, Dafydd Nanmor, Maredudd ap Rhys, Sion Cent, Siencyn ab Ieuan ap Bleddyn, Sion Gwyn ap Digan, Syr Phylip o Emlyn, Ieuan Llwyd Brydydd, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Sion Ceri, Robert Dafydd Llwyd, Ieuan ap Rhydderch, Lew[y]s Môn, Huw ap Dafydd, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Huw ap Tomos, Huw Machno, Simwnt Fychan, Rhys Wyn ap Cadwaladr, Wiliam Cynwal, Thomas Prys, Dafydd Llwyd ap Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Dafydd ab Edmwnd, Gutun Owain, Gruffudd ab Ieuan ap Llywelyn Fychan, Gruffudd Llwyd ab Ieuan, Llywelyn Goch ap Meurig Hen, Raff ap Robert, Rhys Pennardd and Edwart ap Raff; englynion.


A book of Robert Davies ('Telynor Llansilin') containing poems, mainly in free metre, by Huw Mor[y]s, William Pierce Dafydd, Mathew Owen, Morus Richard, Ellis Cadwaladr, [Edward] Samuel, Richard Sion Siencyn, Richard Abram [Abraham], Robert Davies, Morus ap Robert, John [Sion] Cadwaladr, Robert Jones (Llanuwchllyn), Lewis Jones, Thomas Edwards ['Twm o'r Nant'], Lewis Morris, Arthur Jones, Rowland Vaughan and Huw Llwyd (Cynfal).


A collection made by William Jones ('Bleddyn'), Llangollen of 'cywyddau' by Guto'r Glyn, Wiliam Llŷn, Dafydd Llwyd ap Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Ieuan Llafar, Lew[y]s Môn, Thomas Prys, Gruffudd Phylip, Richard Goch, John Morris, Rhys Cain, Wiliam Phylip, Wiliam Cynwal and Morys Dwyfech [Morus ap Dafydd ab Ifan ab Einion]; also included are proverbs and couplets.


'Cywyddau', 'carolau', 'awdlau' and other poems by Rowland Hughes, Morris Roberts (d. c. 1723), Richard Parry (1710-1763) and Evan Griffith, 'englynion' by Huw Mor[y]s (1622-1709) and Mathew Owen (1631-1679), transcripts by D. R., 1737, of 'Ymddiddan Adrain ag Epig ...' and '... llythyr ... a gafwyd tann gareg', etc.


'Cywyddau' and other poems by Rhys Gray, Hywel Cilan, Huw ap Huw, Sion ap Hywel ap Llywelyn Fychan, Guto'r Glyn, Lewis Glyn Cothi, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Ieuan Dew Brydydd, Ieuan Brydydd Hir, Wiliam Llŷn, Iolo Goch, Gruffudd Gryg, Syr Dafydd Trefor, Dafydd Nanmor, Wiliam Cynwal, Lewis Menai, Sion Tudur, Tudur Penllyn, Gruffudd Hiraethog, Sion Brwynog, Dafydd ab Edmwnd, Lewis Môn, Llywelyn Moel y Pantri, Sion Dafydd Rhys, Hywel Rheinallt, Rhys Goch Eryri, Llywelyn Goch ap Meurig Hen, Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ap Lleision, Lewis Morganwg, Huw Llwyd Cynfal, Sion Phylip, Richard Phylip, Tudur Aled, John Davies, Owain Gwynedd and Sion Cent.

Barddoniaeth, &c.,

  • NLW MS 11816B.
  • File
  • [1600x1899].

An incomplete volume (ff. 1-85, 176-243) consisting largely of 'cywyddau' and 'englynion' by Sion Kent, Sion Tudvr, Grvffydd Grvg, Meredith ap Rees, Will'm ap Sion ap D'd, Gruff' Hiraethog, Will'm Llynn, Huw Arwistl, D'd ap Edmwnd, D'd ap Gwilim, Rob't Leiaf, Rys Goch or Yri, Mastr Hari, Ifan Tew Brydydd, Gytto Glyn, Sion Philipp, Roger Kyffyn, Ievan Fychan, Sr. Davydd Trevor, Tudur Penllyn, Rowland Fychan, Tomas Prys, Evan Tudvr Owen, Ievan Brydydd Hir, William Elias, Tudur Aled, Gruff' ap Ievan, Rys Pennarth, Bedo Aerdrem, Bedo Brwynllys, Iolo Goch, Ellis Rowland, Howel ap D'd ap Ievan ap Rys, D'd Namor, D'd Ddv o Hiraddvc, Lewys Glyn Kothi, Howel ap Ievan ap Rys, Owen Gruffydd, Michael Prichard, Edmwnd Price, Hughe ap Ed'd Lloyd, Rice Kain, Richard Hughes, [Richard Davies] 'Escob Dewi', Ed'd Maelor, Ievan ap Tudvr Penllyn, Harrie Howell, Sion Kain, and Robin Ddv. Towards the end of the volume there are short texts such as 'englynion' in Latin, 'llyma gas bethav Owain Kyveiliog', 'xxiiij gwell', 'Geirie gwir Taliesin', triads, proverbs, the nine grades of kinship, medical recipes, 'Llyma henwau y pedair Caingc ar ddeg Cydwgan a Cyhelyn', and 'Henwau'r pedwar Gosdeg Cerdd dannau'. The greater part of the manuscript was written in the seventeenth century; but there are additions and marginal notes to the nineteenth century. There is an index ('Tabl y llyfr') to ff. 1--76, in a seventeenth century hand. Between ff. 4 and 6 are inserted two leaves (pp. 129-30, 135-6) of David Jones (Trefriw) (ed.): Cydymaith Diddan (Caer Lleon [1766]).

Barddoniaeth, achau a nodiadau,

A transcript by John Thomas ('Sion Wyn o Eifion') of cywyddau and other poems by Robin Ddu, Rhys Goch Eryri, Iolo Goch, Tudur Aled, Dafydd Gorlech, Dafydd Llwyd ap Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Dafydd ap Hwlcyn ap Madog, Rhys Llwyd ap Rhys, Maredudd ap Rhys, Mathew Owen, Edward Morus and Sion Lleyn; the manuscript also contains triads, genealogies, 'Breiniau Gwŷr Arfon', 'Meddygon Myddfai', 'geirlyfr William Lleyn', etc.

Cerddi Cymraeg

  • File
  • [c. 1669]-[early 18 cent.]
  • Part of Mostyn Manuscripts

A collection of cywyddau, englynion and carols, compiled [c. 1669]-[early 18 cent], with the greater part appearing to be in the hand of John Davies (Siôn Dafydd Laes).
An index to the contents is on pp. xvii-xxvi.

Davies, John, d. 1694.

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