Welsh language -- Etymology.

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Welsh language -- Etymology.

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Welsh language -- Etymology.

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Welsh language -- Etymology.

27 Archival description results for Welsh language -- Etymology.

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Albwm llofnodion, &c.

An album of annotated autographs, photographs and engravings, printed matter, press cuttings, etc., compiled during the years 1858-1881. The volume is almost entirely devoted to persons who were prominent in the literary and musical life of Wales during this period, and it appears from internal evidence to have been well known to the compiler's friends and contemporaries. The autographs are largely in the form of personal entries, recorded mainly at national and other eisteddfodau, but there are also a number of mounted holograph letters, 'cut-out' signatures from holograph letters, and franks. The writers include Joseph Hughes ('Carn Ingli'), Meltham, Richard Williams Morgan ('Mor Meirion'), Tregynon, John Williams ab Ithel, Llanymowddwy Rectory, Ellis Roberts ('Eos Meirion'), London, Jerome Greene Pym ('Ap Ednyfed'), Inner Temple, Thos. Stephens, Merthyr Tydfil, David James, Ph.D., F.S.A. ('Dewi o Ddyfed'), rector of Panteg, co. Monmouth, John Jones ('Talhaiarn'), John Owen ('Owain Alaw'), Chester, E. P. Meredith ('Ieuan Gryg'), Monmouth, Jos. Bailey, Jr., London, Connop Thirlwall, bishop of St. Davids, Alfred Ollivant, bishop of Llandaff, Jas. Williams, F.R.C.S. ('Iago ap Gwilym'), Brecon, Joseph Joseph, Brecon, Owen Wynne Jones ('Glasynys'), Thomas Edwards ('Carnvaldwyn'), St. David's College, Lampeter, W. Downing Evans ('Leon'), Newport, co. Monmouth, Thomas Bevan ('Caradawc'), Thomas Anthony Bevan ('Ab Caradawc'), Llanhilleth, Mary Bevan ('Meillionen Glanwysg'), Richard Foulkes Edwards ('Risiart Ddu o Wynedd'), Plas Llanychan, near Ruthin, D. Williams ('Alaw Goch'), Aberdare, John Williams ('Clwydwyson'), Ruthin, Elias Jones ('Llew Hiraethog'), Hendre ddu, near Cerrigydrudion, Owen Davies ('Eos Llechid'), Llanllechid, Robert John Pryse ('Gweirydd ap Rhys'), Denbigh, Jno. Emlyn Jones ('loan Emlyn'), Ebbw Vale, Jno. Jones ('Mathetes'), Llangollen, Richard Davies ('Mynyddog'), Llanbrynmair, John Jones ('Idris Vychan'), Dolgellau, David Hughes ('Eos Iâl'), Llansantffraid, near Corwen, Dr. William Price, Pontypridd, Richard Parry ('Gwalchmai'), Conway, Thomas Edwards ('Sulien ap Iorwerth'), Corwen, Robert Isaac Jones ('Alltud Eifion'), Tremadoc, Robert Ellis ('Cynddelw'), Sirhowy, Henry Harris Davies, M.A ., Ph.D. ('Pererin'), incumbent of Llangoed, William Morris ('Gwilym Tawe'), Swansea, Thomas Jones ('Tudur Ddu'), Llangollen, William Richard Johns ('Mathonwy'), Wick, Jonathan Reynolds ('Nathan Dyfed'), Edwin Foulkes ('Rhen Ddyrnwr'), Holyhead, John Jones ('loan Maethlu'), Holyhead, Thomas Hughes ('T. ab Gwilym'), Ruthin, Hugh Hughes ('Tegai'), Pwllheli, Thomas Jones ('Taliesin o Eifion'), Llangollen, L. W. Lewis ('Llew Llwyvo'), Evan Davies ('Myfyr Morganwg'), Pontypridd, Richard Pugh ('Telynor'), Corwen, Jno. Hughes ('Ceiriog'), Thos. Simon Jones, Ruthin, John Williams ('I[oa]n Madog'), Portmadoc, David Evans ('Dewi Glan Llugwy'), Llanrwst, Joseph Jones ('Caradog'), Bangor, William Jones ('Publisher of 'Y Bedyddiwr' from 1855 to 1859'), Cardiff, Joseph Thomas ('Josephus Eryri'), Liverpool, Griffith William Thomas ('Mab Afonwyson'), Chester, John William Jones ('Barlwyd'), Liverpool, John James, B.D. ('Cynfab'), Liverpool, Thomas Williams ('Cynydr'), Crickhowell, David Lewis ('Ehedydd Gwent'), Llanwenarth, David Morgan ('Mynyddawc'), Llangeitho, curate of St. David's, Ffestiniog, D. Howell ('Llawdden'), Ll. Williams ('Bardd Cefn Mabli'), Blaenau Gwent, Thomas Evan Watkins ('Eiddil Ifor'), Blaenau Gwent, Daniel Seys Lewis ('Ifor Gwent'), Ebbw Vale, Sara Morgan ('Morvudd Glan Wysg'), Llangattock iuxta Usk, E. M., Llangattock Court, Aneurin Jones ('Aneurin Fardd'), Gelligroes, Robert Parry ('Robyn Ddu Eryri'), John Jones ('loan Prydydd Gwent'), Gelligroes, John Thomas ('Ifor Cwm-gwys'), Troed-y-rhiw, Thomas Jones ('Eos Glan Rhymni'), Bedwas, William Thomas ('Islwyn'), Thomas Michael ('Ab loan Brycheiniog'), Evesham, Rees Williams ('Blwchaiarn'), Vaenor, Rees Lewis ('Ab Tudful'), printer, Merthyr Tydfil, William Evans ('Cawr Cynon'), Merthyr Tydfil, Evan Roberts, Furnace Manager, Merthyr Tydfil, Theophilus Williams ('Glan Cleddau'), Merthyr Tydfil, David Caleb ('D.C.'), Merthyr Tydfil, Henry Austin Bruce, 1st baron Aberdare, Duffryn, Aberdare, Evan Davies, A.M., Swansea, J. Rhys Jones ('Kilsby'), Llanwrtyd, John Roberts ('Ieuan Gwyllt'), Aberdare, Sarah Edith Wynne ('Eos Cymru', 'Pencerddes'), Liverpool, Daniel Thomas Williams ('Tydfylyn'), Merthyr, Thomas Levi, Ystradgynlais, Thomas Robinson, Merthyr Tydvil, Rhys (Gwesyn) Jones, Joseph Thomas ('Ab Cenydd'), Cardiff, George French Davis, Professor of Music, John Wilkes, organist of St. David's, Merthyr, H. Humphreys ('Peblig'), Caernarvon, Margaret Montgomery ('Angharad Gwent'), David Evans, B.A., Trevecca College, Thomas Walters, rector of Ystradgynlais, P. Sainton, G. Piaque, Jos. Schreurs, George Dolley, A. Pollitzer, Meyer Lutz, Charlotte Helen Dolby, Merthyr Tydfil, Henry Vincent, London, Thomas Vaughan ('tailor-poet'), Hereford (continued)

Robert Jones ('Cyrus'), Bethesda, William Jones ('Gwilym Ilid'), Caerphilly, Rachel Williams ('Gweddw Gwilym Morganwg'), Cardiff, Taliesin Williams ('Ab Gwilym Morganwg'), Caerphilly, John Williams ('Ap Gwilym Morganwg'), Cardiff, N. Bennett, Trefeglwys, Flavell Edwards, editor of Hereford Times, Charles Anthony, Hereford, James Price, M.D. ('Cymro Llawen'), Brixton, Edward Capern ('The Rural Postman and Poet'), Bideford, W. Owen Pughe ('Gwilym Owain o Feinon'), Rob. Roberts, astronomer, Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'), Thos. Powel ('Hywel Cynog'), Dowlais, 1834 (personal, reference to 'Ab Iolo', etc.), Joseph Harris ('Gomer'), Richard Robert Jones ('Dic Aberdaron'), Thos. Williams ('Gwilym Morganwg'), Thos. Ap Catesby Jones, secretary of the United States Navy, George Gordon, 6th baron Byron, David Owen ('Brutus'), 1858 (the employment of the writer's daughter by a solicitor at Abergavenny), D. Rhys Stephen, Newport [co. Monmouth], 18So (the departure of the writer's wife and daughter from Newport), Charles Morgan, Tredegar, 1809 (the writer's concurrence with the proposed measure to unite all roads in co. Brecknock by incorporating the two Trusts), John Parry ('Bardd Alaw'), Thomas Edwards ('Caervallwch'), London, 1835 (2) (the writer's Dictionary, the writer's success at the Eisteddfod, comments on the Welsh termination '-awc', enclosing circulars, thanks for Eisteddfod programme), W. Williams, Aberpergwm, 1838 (the return of a book, a subscription of £21 to the Abergavenny Cymreigyddion, the success of the Welsh Manuscripts Society and their indebtedness to Lady Hall), Saml. R. Meyrick, Goodrich Court, 1841 (admission to Christ's Hospital, London), Saml. Evans, editor of Seren Gomer, Carmarthen, 1849 (personal) (incomplete), [Evan? Williams] 'Ieuan Morganwg', Walker Iron Works, Newcastle on Tyne, 1853 (personal), Richard Jones ('Rhydderch Gwynedd'), Twynyrodyn (1845), John Jones ('Tegid'), Christ Church, Oxford, 1838 (the writer's subscription [to 'Cymreigyddion y Fenni'), J. Blackwell ('Alun') (1830), John Elias ('o Fôn'), Robt. Davies ('Bardd Nant-glyn'), M. Williams ('Nicander'), Evan Evans ('Ieuan Glan Geirionydd'), Walter Wilkins, Maeslough (1809), Dd. Davies, Langattock Crickhowell (1808), John Davies ('Brychan Bach') (1837), J. Jones ('Ioan Edred'), Goitre Wharf, Jno. Rees, Penydaren I[ron] Works, Merthyr (1848), Thomas Gwallter Price ('Cuhelyn'), 1853 (a receipt for manuscripts), Thomas Williams ('T. ab Gwilym'), Quaker's Yard, Robert Lloyd Morris ('Rhuvoniawc'), Tremadoc, 1859 (greetings), John Evans ('Ieuan ab Gruffydd'), London (1844), Jo. Jenkins, Morlaix, 1835 (personal, greetings to the Reverend T. Hiley and James Lewis), Benjamin Jones ('P. A. Môn'), Carmarthen, 1830 (the distribution of books), Thomas Price ('Carnhuanawc') (a transcript of the memorial inscription of John Jones, family harpist to Sir B[enjamin] Hall, Llanofer, 1844, and extracts from printed sources), R[ichard] Williams ('Gwilym Ddu Glan Cynon'), Daniel Jones ('Gwerinwr'), Tongwynlas, Lewis Jones ('Iago Mynwy'), Mountain, near Aberdare, Daniel Morgan ('Daniel ab Gwilym'), Aberaman, Howel Williams ('Ap Gwylim Ddu'), Pant y Gerdinen, Aberdare, William Williams ('Carw Coch'), Trecynon, T. J. Jones ('Cynonwyson'), Trecynon, John Jones ('Eiddil Glan Cynon'), Aberdare, Philip John, Aberdare, Walter Lloyd (publisher of Y Gwladgarwr), Aberdare, David Griffith ('Clwydfardd'), Denbigh, Thomas Jones ('Glan Alun'), Mold, John Davies ('Gwyneddon'), Bangor, Josiah Thomas Jones, Aberdare, John Ambrose Lloyd ('Emrys Llwyd'), Chester, James Davies ('Iago ab Dewi'), Aberdare, Roger Williams ('Gwilym Llywel'), Merthyr Tydfil, Abel Seth Jones ('Evrawc'), Aberdare, John Thomas ('Ieuan Morgannwg' [otherwise 'Pencerdd Gwalia']), Hughe William Hughe ('Huw Arwystl'), Dinas, Thomas Evan James ('T. ab Ieuan'), Glyn-neath, Morgan Davies ('Morganwysion'), Goitre, William Roberts ('Nefydd'), Philip Morgan ('Dyfnwal'), Morriston, Moses Cule ('Moesen' or 'Moesen Gwernygerwn'), Pentrebach, Pontypridd, John Griffiths, The Rectory, Neath, William Thomas ('Gwilym Mai'), Carmarthen, Thomas David ('Dewi Wyn o Esyllt'), Dinas Powis, Hugh Cefni Parry ('Hywel Glan Cefni'), Talybont, co. Cardigan, William Jones ('Gwrgant'), London, Hugh Owen, Whitehall, London, Thomas Price, M.A., Ph.D. ('Pridwerth'), Aberdare, E. G. Price, Aberdare, Jno. Morris Jones ('Cunllo'), Rhydlewis, William Davies ('Gwilym Teilo'), Llandeilofawr, Benjamin Williams ('Gwynionydd'), Penboir, William Williams ('Creuddynfab'), Stalybridge (continued)

Wm. Gwynne Stedman Thomas, Carmarthen, Rowland Williams ('Hwfa Môn'), Edward Williams Gee ('Iorwerth Clwyd'), Denbigh, Robert Lloyd ('Eos Clwyd'), Ystalyfera, John Francis ('Mesmonydd'), Manchester, Kate Wynne ('Llinos Gwynedd'), Holywell, Frances Mathews ('Gwenfron'), Cardiff, Eliza Hughes, London, Lewis W. Thomas, London, H. Hussey Vivian, Swansea, Crawshay Bailey, Aberaman, Tho. Williams, editor of Star of Gwent, John Griffiths, vicar of Llandilofawr, Morgan Williams ('Sylvanus'), Merthyr Tydfil, Thomas Williams ('Cilfynydd'), Quaker's Yard, John Jones ('Mc Ebrill'), Aberdare, N. Martin, Paris, John Evans ('Ieuan Wyn'), Pontypridd, George Lewis Hiley ('Ifor Emrys'), Llanelly, co. Brecknock, Frederick Wicks, London, John Williams Morgan ('Ifan Ebwy'), Beaufort, Thomas Gee, Denbigh, Titus Lewis, F.S.A. ('Titan'), St. Quentin's, Cowbridge, etc., Benjamin Evans, Aberdare, editor of Seren Cymru, etc., Wm. Lloyd Jones ('Myllyn'), London, David Watkin Jones ('Dafydd Morganwg'), Merthyr Tydfil, John Griffith ('Wmffra') ('Gohebydd Llundain y Faner'), John Lloyd ('Sallwg'), Merthyr Tydvil, John Lloyd Davies, M.P., Blaendyffryn [Llanfair Orllwyn] (a note on the marriage of Robert surnamed the Pious, son of Hugh Capet), J. James ('Iago Emlyn') (an 'englyn'), Thos. Thomas, D.D., President of the Baptist College, Pontypool, George Thomas, M.A., Classical Tutor of the Baptist College, Pontypool, John Rhys Morgan ('Lleurwg'), Thomas Edwards ('Twm o'r Nant'), Ebenezer Morris, Blaenywern [Betws Ifan] (1825), J. H. Jones [tutor at Trevecca College], Robt. Williams ('Robert ap Gwilym Ddu'), J. M. Thomas ('Amicus' and 'Hwntw'), Cardigan, D. Silvan Evans (1847), J. R. Jones [Ramoth], Evan Jones ('Gwrwst'), Benj. Price ('Cymro Bach'), T[homas] Price, Ll.D., editor of Eclectic Review, H. L. Davies ('Bardd Coch'), vicar of Cenarth, Rebecca Sophia Evans (aft. Williams) ('Rebecca Mabws'), Mabws, Mathry, David Davies ('Dewi Emlyn'), T. Emlyn Thomas ('Taliesin Craigyfelin'), Christmas Evans, John Jones ('Pyll'), Joshua Morgan ('Rhifyddegwr Egwan'), Clydach Iron Works (1824) (a promissory note), Rice Rees [Llandovery], J. Dorney Harding, Doctors Commons, 1838, Wm. Lewis, Llangefni, Owain Williams, Waunfawr (a note on an edition of the works of Goronwy Owain), John Prydderch Williams ('Rhydderch o Fôn'), Rhyl, E. W. Davies ('I. G. ab Dafydd'), Liverpool, Robert Hughes ('Robin Wyn o Eifion'), Bangor, Thomas G. Jones ('Tavalaw'), Holywell, Thos. Thomas, Swansea, W. Williams ('Gwilym ab Gwilym Lleyn'), Caernarvon, Wm. Bulkeley Hughes [Plas Coch, Anglesey], Charles Wynne [aft. Wynne-Finch, of Voelas], [Sir] Llewelyn Turner [Parcia, Caernarvon], G. S. D. Pennant [aft. 2nd baron Penrhyn], James Rees (of the Carnarvon and Denbigh Herald), Eunice Jones, Liverpool ('merch Pedr Fardd'), Hugh J. Hughes ('Eos Tegyd'), Rome, N.Y., Newman Hall, Carnarvon, William Hicks Owen, Rhyllon, St. Asaph ('Brother in law to Mrs. Hemans'), Wm. Williams ('Caledfryn'), John Evans ('I. D. Ffraid'), David Roberts ('Dewi Ogwen'), Caernarvon, Aristote Terrieu (native of Loch Ryan, Morbihan), E. Stephen ('Tanymarian'), Morris Jones ('Meurig Idris'), Criccieth, John Hugh Evans ('Ehedydd'), Bangor, John Jones ('Idrisyn'), Llan-dysilio Gogo, co. Cardigan, 1862 (enclosing two of the writer's portraits), William Edwards ('Gwilym Gwynedd'), Wrexham, William Morgan Williams ('Ab Caledfryn'), Groes Wen, Pont y Pridd, Ebenezer Thomas ('Eben Fardd'), Robt. Davies ('Cyndeyrn'), St. Asaph, Edward Edwards ('Morwyllt'), Llangefni, John Williams ('Eos Môn'), Llanerchymedd, Robert Llystyn Jones ('Llystyn'), Llandegai, David H. Jones ('Dewi Arfon'), Llanberis, John (Gaerwenydd) Pritchard ('Gaerwenydd'), Bethesda, Hugh Hughes ('Gethin'), Liverpool, C. Paget [? of Plas Newydd, co. Anglesey], John Elias Roberts ('loan Cemlyn'), Caernarfon, William John Roberts ('Gwilym Cowlyd'), Robt. J. Humphreys ('Arwyddfardd'), Edward Davies ('Iolo Trefaldwyn'), Adwy'r Clawdd, Evan Jones ('Ieuan Glan Soden'), Felinsynod, New Quay, David Charles (1812-1878) ('wyr i Charles o'r Bala'), John Jayne ('loan Glyncynon'), Ty Pantybeili, Llanelly, co. Brecknock, Walter Davies ('Gwallter Mechain'), Tho. Charles [Bala] (1797), How[el] Harris [Trevecca], Geo. Howell, rector of Llangattock Crickhowell, John Evans, B.D. ('loan Geler'), Crickhowell, Thos. Hughes (author of Tom Brown's School Days), Lin[coln's] Inn, Will. Edwd. Jayne, Panty Baileau [sic], near Abergavenny, David Davies, Llantilio Crossenny (continued)

Jane Davies ('Merch Gwallter Mechain'), Taliesin Williams ['Taliesin ab Iolo'], Evan Jones, D. Owen ('Dewi Wyn o Eifion'), William Thomas ('Tewdwr'), master of Crickhowell Grammar School, Wm. Jones ('Bragwr'), Talybont, co. Brecknock, William Jenkins, Dowlais Iron Works, Edw. Williams ('wyr Iolo Morganwg'), Dowlais Iron Work, John Arthur Herbert, Llanarth Court, A[ugusta] C[harlotte] E[lizabeth] Herbert ('Merch Arglwydd Llanover a Gwenynen Gwent'), Llanarth [Court], Aug[ust]a [ Hall] ('Arglwyddes Llanover') ('Gwenynen Gwent'), Anne Wheeley, The Pentre [Aber-gavenny], M. E. A. Hughes ('Morvydd Glan Tawe'), Morriston, George E. Williams, Abergavenny, Madame E. L. Williams ('Welsh Nightingale', 'Eos Cymru', 'Seren Cymru'), London, Mrs. E. A. Williams (the mother of 'Eos Cymru'), Geo. Osborne Morgan, J[ames] C[olquhoun Campbell], bishop of Bangor, J[ohn] Williams [Treffos, co. Anglesey], Isaac Foulkes ('Ffowcyn'), Liverpool, Joshua Evans, vicar of Llanover, W. H. Nicholl, The Ham, William Watkins, Welsh Collegiate Institution, Llandovery, William Evans, perpetual curate of Rhymney, Chrisr. Cook, incumbent [perpetual curate] of Mamhilad, John White, San Francisco, Cal., J. de Rovere, Julia de Rovere, London, W. J. Morrish, Ledbury [chaplain to Ledbury Union-house], William Harris ('Gwilym Vychan'), Aberdare, Gomer Leek ('Ceninfab'), Pyle, 'Aptommas', O. James ('Waldo'), Dowlais, Charles Williams, Ystalyfera, Richard Richards ('Nennius'), Morriston, William Williams ('Gwilym Gwent'), Brynmawr, Benjamin D. Thomas, Neath, William Madoc ('Ap Madoc'), Maesteg, William Frederick Frost ('Alaw'r Dyffryn'), Cardiff, Thomas David Llewelyn ('Llewelyn Alaw'), harpist, Mountain Ash, John H. Evans ('Alawydd Ogwy'), harpist, John Bryant ('Alawydd Glan Taf'), Llanilltyd Fardref, John Williams ('Golygydd y Byd Cymreig'), Newcastle Emlyn, William Evans ('Gwilym Cyrwen'), Aberdare, Humphrey Bradley Jones ('Garmonydd'), Bethesda, W. Williams ('Gwilym Medi'), Trecynon, M. J. Williams ('Llinos', late of Aberpergwm), E[lizabeth] A[nn] Williams, Ynyslâs (late of Aberpergwm), W. Geo. Davies, chaplain to J. C. Asylum, Abergavenny, Robert Williams, Rhydycroesau Vicarage, Oswestry, 1867 (enclosing an old prospectus of his last work [Lexicon Cornu-Britannicum, 1865], the writer's intention to publish a Cornish-Welsh Grammar), Joshua Williams, D[avid] Pugh [Manoravon, M.P. for Carmarthenshire], John Johnes, Dolaucothi, W[illiam] Spurrell, Carmarthen, David Davis ('Dewi Hir'), Cowbridge, Thos. O. Morgan, Aberystwith, Annie Edmonds ('Eos Morganwg'), London, Thos. Lewis, Carmarthen, Brinley Richards, Janet Patey otherwise Janet Patey Whytock [London], Henry Lazarus, London, William H. Cummings, London, Henry Leslie, London, Latimer Maurice Jones, The Vicarage, Carmarthen, H. Vincent Lewis, London, William Griffith ('Tydain'), Llewelyn Williams ('Cerddor y De'), John Carwad Hughes [Chester], David Henry ('Myrddin Wyllt'), Penygroes, co. Carmarthen, W. Graham, Jr., mayor of Newport, co. Monmouth, David Archard Williams, archdeacon of Carmarthen, Hugh Jones, Carmarthen, D. R. Watkins, surgeon, Carmarthen, H[ugh] W[illiam] Jones, Carmarthen, William Griffiths ('Alonzo'), Abersychan, Andrew Williams ('Ap Gwillym'), London, John Williams, B.A., Baptist minister, Abergavenny, D. Evans, Baptist minister, Newport, co. Monmouth, Alfred Thomas [aft. 1st baron Pontypridd], Cardiff, Martin Luther Evans, Merthyr, Charles Morgan Robinson Morgan, 1st baron Tredegar, Rosamund Morgan, baroness Tredegar, H[enry] Gore Lindsay [of Glasnevin House, co. Dublin], John Griffith, rector of Merthyr, Geo. M. Rees ('Cilgwynog'), Nantyglo, Edward Lawrance ('Cerddor Tydfil'), Merthyr Tydfil, William Lewis [Abergavenny], James Charles Hill, Abergavenny, Arthur Griffiths, Llanelly, co. Brecknock, David Brythonfryn Griffiths, Aberdare, Evan Parry, surgeon, Crickhowell, Jacob Saunders, Abergavenny, William P. Evans ('Gwilym Dyfri'), Nantyglo Iron Works, William Stephens ('Gwilym Brycheiniog'), Brynmawr, Robert Rees ('Eos Morlais'), Swansea, Bessie M. Waugh ('Eos Mynwy'), Edmund Herbert, Llansantffraid, Alfred Stone, conductor of the Bristol Festival Choir, Moses Arthur Rees, headmaster, Docklow Academy, near Leominster, Edward Jones ('Brythonwr'), Garndiffaith, Joseph Harris Stephen ('Ap Shon Kent') ('Mab y Parch. David Rhys Stephen'), John Price Lewis ('Melltenydd'), Merthyr Tydfil, John R. Evans ('Ioan Egwest'), Merthyr Tydfi (continued)

Elizabeth Williams, Merthyr Tydfil ('Merch Taliesin Ab Iolo ac wyres i'r enwog Iolo Morganwg'), David Bowen, Dowlais Iron Works, organist to the South Wales Choral Union, T. E. Rowlands ('Eurglawdd'), Caerphilly, James Webber, master of Boy's National School, Abergavenny, Alfred Rosser, B.A., vice-principal, Diocesan Training College, Exeter, Charles Clagget Caird, accompanist, Tredegar, Fanny Isabel Morgan ('Bronwen Morganwg'), Treherbert, Moses H. Davies ('Ap Herbert'), London (late of Ebbw Vale), Wm. Norman Jones ('Gwilym Alaw') ('Welsh Tenor'), Abergavenny, Powell Thomas, London, William John Coussmaker Lindsay, Llanfair [Cilgedin] Rectory, Abergavenny, William Thomas Price ('Gwilym Tudno'), Llangollen, D. Llwyd James, D.D., vicar of Pont Robert, Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, London, Isaac Bevan ('Isaac Ddu o Lan Ebwy') ( Baptist minister, Clark's Green, Pennsylvania), William Davies ('Gwilym Ifor'), Clydach, near Abergavenny, Alfred Llewelyn Jenkins, Baptist missionary, Morlaix, Richard Cope Morgan, London, editor of The Christian (son of James Hiley Morgan, printer, Abergavenny), William Abbott, Hull, Samuel Heber Chapman, Liverpool College, John Davies ('Mavonwyson'), Pandy, near Abergavenny, T. Morgan Owen, M.A., H. M. Inspector of Schools, A. Brooke Clarke, Collyhurst, Manchester, Charles Anthony, Junior, Roger Price, missionary in South Africa, George Frederick Morris, sub-editor, Hereford Times, Sarah Ann Stowe ('Gertrude'), Hereford, Henry Llewellyn, publisher, Hereford Times, Elizabeth Catharine Poole ('Merch Caradawc-y- Fenni'), Hereford, Rhys Davies, Brecon (author of Sketches in Wales), John Davies ('Ioan Brycheiniog'), Talybont, Lumley R. Lumley ('Cardi Pen Mynydd'), Merthyr Tydfil, David Rhys Davies, School House, Talybont, Brecon, GwilymThomas ('Ap Eidydd'), Clydach, Charles Wilkins ('Cattwg'), Merthyr Tydfil, Mary Davies ('Merch Mynorydd'), Lizzie Evans, Evan James ('Ieuan ab Iago'), John Davies ('Ap Myfyr'), Pontypridd, David Evans ('Dewi Haran'), Pontypridd, Henry Mills ('Tafonwy'), Pontypridd, Isaac Watts, Baptist minister, Aber-gavenny, Anthony Griffiths ('Antoniensis'), Pontypridd ('Impromptu Lines. On being requested to give my Autograph'), Griffith Rhys Jones ('Caradog'), Treherbert, D. Rhys [secretary], National Eisteddfod, Birkenhead (1878) (a letter in connection with a portrait of 'Carnhuanawc'), David Mac Iver [M.P.], John Hughes [Liverpool], Robert Jones, vicar of All Saints, Rotherhithe, Edward Davies ('Iorwerth ap Huw'), Birkenhead, Edward Lloyd ('Tegfelyn'), Prenteg, Tremadoc, W. Cadwaladr Davies, Bangor, E. D. Williams ('Pencerdd Eryri'), Llanberis, Benjamin Evans ('Llywarch'), Birkenhead, C. W. Jones, secretary, Hon. Soc. of Cymmrodorion, William Ryle Davies ('Zeno'), Clwtybont, E. Garmon-Jones, John Roose Elias ('Y Thesbiad'), Stephen Evans, London, [Sir] Lewis Morris, Penbryn, Carmarthen, Thomas Jones ('T. Bangor'), Gruffydd Rees ('Eclecticus'), Birkenhead, Joseph Skeaf ('Pencerdd Lleifiad'), Liverpool, Jno. Evans ('Eglwys Bach'), David Jones ('Eos Mai'), Rhiwlas, Pentir, Bangor, O. E. Owen ('Tertius'), Birkenhead, A. J. Foli, London, Tho. M[c]K[enny] Hughes, Trin[ity] Coll[ ege], Cambridge, William Tegerin Hughes, Llanerchymedd, David S. Davies, Liverpool, Henry Roberts, Liverpool, Win. Lewis, Birkenhead, Martha Harries, London, John Morgan ('Glan Rheidiol'), Baptist minister, Llanwenarth, E. J. Reed, C.B., F.R.S., M.P., Hextable, co. Kent, David Lewis, mayor of Cardiff, Geo. Thomas ('Morganed'), Ely Farm, Cardiff, David William Jones ('Dewi Glan Taf'), W. P. John ('Mathonwy'), Cardiff, Thomas C. Evans ('Cadrawd'), Llangynwyd, David Williams ('Dafydd ap Gwilym Ddu'), Pontllanfraith, Thomas Williams ('Gobaniensis'), rector of Rotherfield Peppard, Emma Catherine Williams ('Tegwedd'), Mary Williams ('Morvydd'), Abergavenny, J. Edmund Jenkins ('Creidiol'), curate of Vaynor, Cefn Coed, Chas. H. James, M.P., Merthyr Tydfil, Henry Richard, M.P., Thomas Marchant Williams, Temple, London, Watkin B. Joseph ('Y Myfyr'), Colwyn Bay, Richard Jenkyn ('Yr Iwan'), Penypark, Cardigan, John Williams ('Glanmor'), Ebbw Vale, Jonathan Miles Jones ('Dic Shon Davydd'), Paris, Portage, co. Ohio, Evan Roberts ('Gwylltwaliwr'), Merthyr Tydfil, D. Emlyn Evans, Hereford, E. M. Williams, Merthyr Tydfil, David Jones Rowlands ('Morganiensis'), Merthyr Tydfil, Rhys T. Williams, Treherbert, D. C. Harris ('Caeronwy'), Llandeilo Fawr, Joseph Parry, W. Griffiths ('Ivander'), Evan Rees ('Dyfed'), Cardiff, J. Spencer Curwen ('Ap Pencerdd Dyrwent') (continued)

David Rowlands ('Dewi Môn'), Brecon, D. Rosser ('Asaph Cynon'), Pontypridd, Ellis Roberts, Llangwm Rectory, Corwen, Willm. Rees, Tonn, Llandovery, W. Meredyth Thomas, sculptor, London, etc. The photographic prints and engravings are those of Thomas Bevan ('Caradawc y Fenni') (3) (with 'englynion' by John Davies, 'Brychan'), John Jones ('Talhaiarn') (3) (with 'englynion' by T. Ashley, Morva Rhuddlan, and 'Talhaiarn'), Griffith Williams ('Gutyn Peris'), Reginald Heber, bishop of Calcutta, Robert Parry ('Robyn Ddu Eryri') (2) (with a covering letter by D. Morgan, 'Mynyddawc', Plymouth Iron Works), Lewis Morris ('Llewelyn Ddu o Fôn'), Thos. Pennant, Richard Llwyd ('Bard of Snowdon'), Thomas Edwards ('o'r Nant'), David Owen ('Dewi Wyn o Eifion'), Richard Robert Jones ('Dic Aberdaron') (2), W. E. Jones ('Cawrdaf'), Dafydd Thomas ('Dafydd Ddu Eryri'), Thomas Vaughan ('Tailor Poet'), Hereford, Jno. Emlyn Jones ('Ioan Emlyn'), Thomas Thomas, D. D., President of the Baptist College, Pontypool, David Richards ('Dafydd Ionawr') (with a specimen of his penmanship and a covering letter from R. O. Rees, Dolgelley, [18]61), W. Owen Pughe ('Idrison'), Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'), Owain Jones ('Myfyr'), Joshua Thomas, Leominster (2), Joseph Harris ('Gomer') (2), Christmas Evans (2), Thos. R. Davies [Baptist minister, Glanwydden], Francis Hiley, Llanwenarth, David Phillips, Caerleon ('Cofiadur Athrofa y Bedyddwyr yn Pontypwl'), John Elias, Benjn. Price ('Cymro Bach') (2), John Evans ('The Ill-favored Astrologer of Wales'), Sir Hugh Myddelton, Bart. ('The Projector of the New River Aqueduct'), [David] Griffiths, rector of Newern [sic], Theophilus Jones, Brecon (with 'englynion' by 'Ieuan Glan Geirionydd'), Thos. Morris, D. Rhys Stephen (2), T. Price ('Carnhuanawc') (2), Ebenezer Richard, Tregaron, Thos. Richards, Fishguard, Daniel Rowland, Llangeitho, David Evans, Maesyberllan, W[illiam] Powell, B.D., vicar of Abergavenny, Micah Thomas [Abergavenny] (2), John Jones [Baptist minister], Merthyr, J[ohn] Williams [Baptist minister], Newtown, John Herring, Cardigan, David Jones [Baptist minister], Cardiff ( 2), Evan Jones ('Gwrwst'), John Jenkins [Baptist minister], Hengoed (2), D. D. Evans [Baptist minister], Pontrhydyrynn, D. Davies [Baptist minister], Haverfordwest, Timothy Thomas, Aberduar, Joshua Watkins, Carmarthen, Thomas Price [Aberdare], James James ('Iago Emlyn'), John Thomas ('Sion Wyn o Eifion'), Lewis Powell, Cardiff, W. Downing Evans ('Leon') (2) (with a holograph song and melody entitled 'Gwlad fy ngenedigaeth'. 'Land of my birth', 1837), Hugh Owen, London, Joseph Thomas, Cardiff, John Thomas ('Pencerdd Gwalia') (with an 'englyn' by 'Talhaiarn'), Brinley Richards (4) ( with an 'englyn' by 'Talhaiarn', 1862), William Jones ('Gwrgant') (with a covering letter, 1862), Morris Williams ('Nicander') (with a covering letter, 1862), Sarah Edith Wynne, Lewis William Thomas, London, Eliza Hughes, London, William Rees, printer and publisher, Llandovery, Jno. Rhys Morgan ('Lleurwg'), J. Ceiriog Hughes, William Griffith ('Tydain'), secretary, Welsh Manuscript Society, Richard Parry ('Gwalchmai'), Evan Evans ('Ieuan Glan Geirionydd'), David Roberts ('Dewi Ogwen'), Rowland Williams ('Hwfa Môn'), Jonathan Reynolds ('Nathan Dyved') (2), David Morgan ('Mynyddawc') (2), Thomas Jones ('Glan Alun'), Felicia Hemans (with a fragment of a holograph manuscript), W[illiam] Hicks Owen ('Owain ap Bradwen') (brother-in-law of Mrs. Hemans), Ebenezer Thomas ('Eben Fardd'), John Parry ('Bardd Alaw'), Thomas Phillips, Hereford, secretary, British and Foreign Bible Society, John Jones ('Idrisyn'), James Howell, Sir Charles Hanbury Williams, Isaac Bevan ('Isaac Ddu o Lan Ebwy'), Elizabeth Davis (nurse in the Crimean War), John Jayne, Panty Bailey (with his youngest sons Basil Jayne and Francis John Jayne), William Edward Jayne ( eldest son of John Jayne), Rees Lewis ('Ap Tydfil'), printer and publisher, Merthyr Tydfil, W. Williams ('Caledfryn'), William Morgan Williams ('Ab Caledfryn'), Lloyd Jones (?'Myllyn'), David James ('Dewi o Ddyfed'), rector of Panteg, co. Monmouth, Henry Harries Davies ('Pererin'), vicar of Llangoed, etc., Jenkin Thomas, Oxford, Ellis Roberts ('Telynor Tywysog Cymru') (with a holograph 'englyn' by 'Talhaiarn'), 'Teilo', David Watkin Jones ('Dafydd Morganwg') (with a covering letter, 1866), John White, E. L. Williams ('The Welsh Nightingale', 'Seren Cymru', 'Eos Cymru'), Geo. Howell, rector of Llangattock Crickhowell, John Evans, rector of Crickhowell, T. Williams ('Cynydr'), Crickhowell (continued)

W[illiam] Spurrell, H. W. Jones, Carmarthen, David Archard Williams, archdeacon of Carmarthen, T. Lewis, Carmarthen, Latimer M. Jones, Carmarthen, John Owen ('Owain Alaw') (2), Mr. [ ] Rees (winner of the £50 Scholarship, Carmarthen Eisteddfod, 1867), Thomas Burgess, bishop of Salisbury, Connop Thirlwall, bishop of St. Davids, Wm. Thomas ('Gwilym Mai'), Daniel Seys Lewis ('Ifor Gwent'), Miss [ Annie] Edmonds, John Jenkins, Morlaix, John Crichton-Stuart, 2nd marquess of Bute, Griffith R. Jones ('Caradog'), Edward Lawrance, Merthyr Tydfil (with a covering note, 1873), Thos. Stephens, Merthyr Tydfil (with a covering letter, 1873), John Price Lewis ('Melltenydd'), D. Evans, Newport, Henry Richard, M.P. (2), Richard Davies ('Mynyddog'), Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, 'Gertrude Hereford', Hereford Times Office, Hereford, Charles Anthony, editor, Hereford Times, L. R. Lumley and Evan Roberts, Merthyr Tydfil, David Evans ('Dewi Haran'), Pontypridd, Thomas Essile Davies ('Dewi Wyn o Esyllt'), John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, 3rd marquess of Bute, James Price, M.D. ('Cymro Llawen'), Chas. H. Price ('Cymro o Gymry'), Clapham, London, Henry Austin Bruce, 1st baron Aberdare, Sir Lewis Morris, Robert Rees ('Eos Morlais'), W. J. Edwards ('Gobaniensis'), Manchester, Henry James, Q.C., M.P., Solicitor-General, etc. Also included in the volume are a few casts of individual seals; a certificate of appointment of Thomas Bevan ('Caradawc') to membership of 'Cymdeithas Cymreigyddion y Fenni', 1833; a transcript of the memorial inscription of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'), together with a printed copy; a certificate of the graduation of Thomas Bevan ('Ab Caradawc') as Ovate of the Gorsedd of Gwent and Dyfed, 1834; printed items, including a poem in strict metres entitled 'Llawer mewn ychydig' by 'Caradawc', a circular letter entitled 'Y Llythyreniaeth Gymreig' distributed to members of 'Cymreigyddion y Fenni', 1840, the words of a ballad 'Anita' sung by Mr. W. H. Cummings at the Carmarthen National Eisteddfod, 1867, 'Englynion i Garadawg y Fenni' by 'Arfonwyson', 'T. ap Gwilym', 'Brychan', and 'Llew Llwyvo', stanzas entitled 'The Rescued Colliers in the Welsh Rhondda Valley, April 1877' by Sarah Ann Stowe, Hereford, notices of the National Eisteddfodau at Birkenhead, 1878, and Merthyr Tydfil, 1881, and the South Wales Chair Eisteddfod at Cardiff, 1879, and 'Brinley Richards. A biographical sketch'; and press cuttings, including 'Englynion i Goflyfr Mr. T. Befan (Caradog), Abergafeni' by 'Llanc o'r Coed', 'Unveiling a Monument of the late Dr. Emlyn Jones ['loan Emlyn'], at Ebbw Vale', 1878, 'At the Tomb of Iolo Morganwg', 1876, 'Caradoc [Griffith R. Jones]. The Story of his Life', 'Welsh Curiosities. (By Antonius of Pontypridd.)', and 'Ymweliad Caradawc o' r Fenni a Phontypridd'. The volume is partly indexed by the compiler. On the fly- leaf is a printed label inscribed ' "Y gwir yn erbyn y byd"; ac enwau gwyr a wiriant hyny, "Yn wyneb haul a llygad goleuni", Yn nghydag anghraifft [ sic] o Lawysgrif athrylithgar feib yr awen, &c. "Gorau cof, cof llyfr". Caradawc. Y Fenni, Alban Elfed. 1858'. The spine is lettered 'Enwau Beirdd a Llenorion' Cymru. Duw a phob daioni'.

Autograph albums,

Two albums of franks of letters, cut-away signatures, and some holograph letters of Charles Howard, 11th duke of Norfolk, William Pitt Amherst, 2nd baron Amherst, Richard Buller, 1st viscount Caher, John Sydney, 6th earl of Leicester, Anthony Trollope, Warren Bulkeley, Beaumaris, Henry Stephen Fox-Strangways, 3rd earl of Ilchester, Henry George Bathurst, 4th earl of Bathurst, John Rolle, 2nd baron Rolle of Stevenstone, James Harris, 1st earl of Malmesbury, Edward Smith Stanley, 13th earl of Derby, George Capel, 5th earl of Essex, Richard Griffin Neville, 3rd baron Braybrooke, Henry Lascelles, 2nd earl of Harewood, Augustus Frederick Fitzgerald, 3rd duke of Leinster, George Augustus Frederick Fitzclarence, 1st earl of Munster, John Charles Villiers, 3rd earl of Clarendon, John Stuart, 1st marquess of Bute, George Kenyon, 2nd baron Kenyon, Henry Charles Somerset, 6th duke of Beaufort, John Crichton-Stuart, 2nd marquess of Bute, George Spencer, 4th duke of Marlborough, Ulick John de Burgh, 1st marquess of Clanricarde, Henry Somerset, 7th duke of Beaufort, 1840 (thanks for a sketch by Mrs. Traherne), Charles Manners-Sutton, 1st viscount Canterbury, Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd earl of Bessborough, Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie, 2nd earl of Radnor, Sylvester Douglas, baron Glenbervie, Thomas Villiers, 2nd earl of Clarendon, George Child-Villiers, 5th earl of Jersey, Windham Henry Wyndham-Quin, 2nd earl of Dunraven, Henry Fleming Lea Devereux, 14th viscount Hereford, Henry George Herbert, 2nd earl of Carnarvon, Charles Hanbury-Tracy, 1st baron Sudeley, William Eden, 1st baron Auckland, John Howe, 4th baron Chedworth, Charles Augustus Ellis, 4th baron Howard de Walden, Walter Francis Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 15th duke of Buccleuch, 1838 (the writer's compliance with a request in favour of E. Thomas, a reference to the recipient Captain Bassett Saunderson as the writer's athletics instructor), Thomas Moreton FitzHardinge Berkeley, 6th earl of Berkeley, [17]96 (information concerning the Hon. Henry Berkeley), [Thomas] Amyot (in the third person), undated (the presentation of an engraved portrait of Sir Lewis Dyve to the Society of Antiquaries), Sir Richard Kaye [dean of Lincoln Cathedral] (in the third person) c. 1801 ('Master Llewelin's reading'), T[homas] Rackett, antiquary, Taylor Combe, numismatist, Henry Drummond [politician], John Caley, antiquary, J. H. Todd, Trin[ity] College], Dublin, 1842 (the recipient's subscription to the Irish Archaeological Society, and the latter's publications), John Gough Nichols, St. Cloud, near Paris, 1843 (the identity of 'H.N.C.' who contributed to The [Gentleman's] Magazine, letters in the Magazine relating to Col. Ph[ ilip] Jones, the recipient's visit to Yorkshire, the writer's journey to St. Cloud), G. F. Beltz, Heralds College, London, 1834 (a sketch of the arms of the Princess Victoria, news of Mr. Rackett, declining an invitation to Wales), Edward Hawkins, provost of Oriel College, Oxford, Sam[uel] R. Meyrick, [Sir] R[ichard] C[olt] H[ogre], undated (the death of Sir Thomas Lawrence), Philip Bliss, antiquary, G. T. Clarke, antiquary, Sir C[harles] G[eorge] Young, Garter King of Arms, Edwd. Hawkins, Brit[ish] Mus[eum], 1842 (the value of an angel of Queen Elizabeth, the arrival of sculptured marbles from Lyria, personal), Nich[olas] Carlisle, antiquary, And[rew] Coltee Ducarel, Keeper of Lambeth Library, Edward S. Byam, Cheltenham, 1833 (a subscription to the eisteddfod to be held in Cardiff in 1834), James Raine, Crook Hall, Durham, 1843 (a valuable gift to the Durham Architectural Society), [the Hon.] A[lgernon] Herbert, Ickleton, Saffron Walden, undated (a pamphlet on the history of the writer's family, comments on the use of the word 'celain'), W. H. Smyth, undated (support for 'our Institution'), H. Cassini, Paris, 1827 (acknowledging the Diploma of the Linnean Society of London) (French), William R. Hamilton, Observatory [Dublin], 1837 (arrangements for the observation of the moon), Philip P. King, New Bond Street [London], 1831 (the audit of the accounts of the Linnean Society), Henry R. Palmer, civil engineer, Thos. Telford, engineer, T[homas] Drummond, Lieutenant, Royal Engineers, Charles Waterton, Walton Hall [Yorkshire], 1843 (thanks for a sketch of Walton Hall, instructions for the erection of a tower for starlings), James Sowerby, naturalist, Tho. Pennant, Downing, 1782 (the purchase of twelve numbers of the recipient's Dictionary).

R. Brown, Dean St[reet], [London], [18]32-1851 (an appointment, [Edward] Foster's action, the portrait of Bicheno by Eddis, news of excellent friend [Lewis Weston] Dillwyn), Charles L[ucien] Bonaparte, on board the Delaware, near Gibraltar, 1828 (thanks for the Diploma of the Linnean Society, an offer to the Society of a work by the writer on European birds, the appearance of swallows at sea), Jno. Hawkesworth, author, Shute Barrington, bishop of Durham, George Isaac Huntingford, bishop of Hereford, J. H. Addington, Under-Secretary of State, Thomas Clarkson, philanthropist, S[tephen] Lushington, M.P., judge of the High Court of Admiralty, J[ames] E[ndell] Tyler, divine, Thomas Cadell [the elder], publisher, P[hilip] S[tanhope] Dodd, divine, E[lijah] Waring, [Joseph] Goodall, provost of Eton (in the third person), 1832 (thanks for a gift of an engraved portrait of Sir Lewis Dyve, Wm. L[isle] Bowles, divine, Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th earl of Shaftesbury [1856] (the writer's willingness to become a subscriber to 'Liber Landavensis'), Charles Dickens, Thomas Moore, Sloperton [Cottage, near Chippenham], 1834 (an invitation to [the Cardiff eisteddfod]), H. T. Colebrooke, Argyle Street [ London], undated (a request for a vote at the Athenaeum for the writer's son), W[illiam] Harness, Heathcote Street [London], 1843 (an invitation to dinner), Joseph Romilly, divine, W[illiam] Sewell, College of St. Columba [Rathfarnham, near Dublin], undated (a contribution to the College), J[ohn] Keble, from Oriel [College, Oxford], 1835 (enclosing a paper by [E. B.] Pusey), and from Hursley, Winchester, 1841 (a request for a vote for Mr. Williams of Trin[ity] Coll[ege], Oxford, as Professor of Poetry), E. B., Pusey, Christ Church, Oxford, undated (the recipient's papers, a proposed memorial of [John Keble] the author of the 'Christian Year'), S[amuel] Rogers, undated (the death of [the writer's nephew George Rogers]), [Sir] John Bowring, linguist, writer, and traveller, George James Welbore Agar- Ellis, 1st baron Dover, B[enjamin] H[eath] Malkin, miscellaneous writer, Colonel James Capper, Cardiff, B[enjamin] Travers [surgeon], Sir B[enjamin] C[ollins] Brodie [the elder], surgeon, [Sir John Sinclair, President of the Board of Agriculture] [1834] (currency system) (fragment), C[onnop Thirwall], bishop of St. Davids, Abergwili, 1840 (projected changes in Welsh orthography, with a reference to the writer's speech at the Cymreigyddion meeting at Abergavenny), D[avid] Garrick, Hampton, undated (the best information concerning 'you know who', a proposed visit to Hampton and Farnborough), Sydney Smith, 1798-1840 (excursions to the Highlands and to Wales), Wm. John Bankes, Kingston Hall, 1835 (lithographed prints of 'my Obelisk'), C[harles] J[ames] Mathews, actor and dramatist, J. Ebenezer Bicheno, Spring Gardens, 1817 (the immoral tendency of the great principle of the Poor Laws), J. C. Curwen, Vere Street, 1817 (Mr. Bicheno's inquiry into the operation of the Poor Laws), Capel Lofft [the elder], Froston [near Bury St. Edmunds], 1800 (the fate of their petition to the King), Walter Levett, Bray Vicarage, near Maidenhead, 1840 ( monuments to the Gordon family in the church at Bray), W. S. Goddard, undated (a card for Mr. Anderdon, the writer's tour through Wales), C[harles] Wellbeloved, York, 1843 (a copy of a will for the recipient, the recipient's visit to Yorkshire), Samuel Parr, 1814 ([Charles] Girdlestone's admission to Wadham [College, Oxford], etc.), A. Menzies, Ladbroke Terrace, [18]32 (an invitation to dinner), Dr. [John] Lindley, Gardener's Chronicle, Covent Garden (in the third person), undated (thanks for a note) (imperfect), [Sir] J[ames] E[dward] Smith, Norwich, 1827 (appointments to the [Linnean Society]), Dr. ?J. Fischer, St. Petersburgh, 1841 (a new catalogue of seeds), T[homas] Robt. Malthus, E[ast] I[ndia] [i.e., Haileybury] Coll[ege], 1817 (the recipient's pamphlet), P. B. Duncan [New College, Oxford], 1841 (the residence of the recipient's father [Llewellyn Turner] at New College), [Sir] H[enry] Ellis [Principal Librarian, British Museum], M[ichael] Faraday, natural philosopher, [Sir] W[illiam] R[obert] Grove, scientist, Chas. Hatchett, Belle Vue House, Chelsea, 1841 (information about bromide of iodine, the death of Mr. Rackett), H. F[ox] Talbot, Lacock, 1840 (the removal of pauper lunatics from Devizes, Welsh etymology, encloses photographs), [Sir] H[umphrey] Davy, undated (an invitation to a party, the election of the recipient as Fellow of the Royal Society).

Wm. Buckland, geologist, R[obert] Bakewell, geologist, Henry Warburton, M.P., J[ohn] Kidd, Oxford, 1842 (the recovery of [William] Buckland), Wm. H. Fitton, 53 Upper Harley Street [London], undated (an invitation to meet [Christian Leopold] von Buch, the veteran geologist), J. W. G. Gutch, Plymouth, 1840 (a portrait of a Welsh pony, the ensigns of nations, etc.), Henry S. Boaze, secretary, Royal Geological Society of Cornwall, Penzance, 1835 (an official resolution of thanks for two specimens of hatchettine from Merthyr Tydvill), Cha. Throckmorton, Coughton Court, 1840 (the publication of the ancient register of the cathedral of Llandaff, welcomes information concerning Cowbridge), Wm. Twopeny, Temple, 1843 ('slight memorials' to [John Gage] Rokewode, collections found by the writer), D[aniel] Murray [archbishop of Dublin], 1836 (an appointment), I[sambard] K[ingdom] Brunel, 1845 (South Wales Railway's powers of deviation), E[dward] H[odges] Baily, sculptor, J[ohn] Evan Thomas, sculptor, J[oseph] Nollekens, sculptor, G[eorge] P[erfect] Harding, Lambeth, [18]41 (an appointment to look over the writer's drawings), E[dwin Henry] Landseer, undated (an invitation), William Wilkins, Weymouth Street [London], 1818 (the completion of the cenotaph), C[harles] R[obert] Leslie, painter, 1845 (an appointment to view a picture), J[ohn] P[hilip] Davis, painter, John Conroy, Kensington Palace, 1834 (the Duchess of Kent's view on the use of arms), A[lan] Stevenson, engineer , [Sir] E[dward] M[ichael] Pakenham, major-general, [Sir] Edwd. Paget, general, [Sir] Frederick Adam, general, Fred[erick] Maitland, general, E. G. Lambert Perrott, The Mount, near Woolwich, Kent, 1844 (portraits of Sir John Perrott), King George III, King George IV, ?Frederick Augustus, duke of York and Albany, Ernest Augustus, duke of Cumberland, Adelaide, Queen of William IV, Augustus Frederick, duke of Sussex, William Frederick, 2nd duke of Gloucester, Adolphus Frederick, duke of Cambridge, Maria Louisa Victoria, duchess of Kent, undated (an invitation to dinner and the opera), Princess Sophia Matilda of Gloucester, 1824 (personal), Arthur Wellesley, 1st duke of Wellington, 1816 (a request for the writer's autograph), Sir Edward Pellew, 1st viscount Exmouth, 1826 (personal, naval appointments, navigating 'the Catholic Ocean'), A[ugustus] Keppel, 1st viscount Keppel, Adam Duncan, admiral, Tho. Foley, admiral, [Sir] R[ichard] Bickerton, admiral, [Sir] J[ohn] P[oo] Beresford, admiral, Baron [ ] Bülow [Prussian minister to Great Britain] undated (an engagement) (French), Baron [ ] Brunnoir, 1845 (the return of Admiral Putiatine to Russia), John Manners, marquess of Granby, John Pitt, 2nd earl of Chatham, [Charles- Frangois] Dumouriez, general, Fitzroy [James Henry] Somerset, 1st baron Raglan, undated (an appointment), Sir Thomas Picton, C[hristbpher] Hely- Hutchinson, Charles Lennox, 4th duke of Richmond, [Sir] R[obert] Brownrigg, general, Henry John George Herbert, 3rd earl of Carnarvon, George William Frederick Villiers, 4th earl of Clarendon, [Sir Richard] Hussey Vivian, 1st baron Vivian, [18]38-[1842] (the inclusion of Mr. Llewellyn [Traherne] on the list, the announcement of an income tax of £2/18/4 in the £), [ ] Vivian, Singleton [Swansea], undated (an enclosure 'interesting in marking the time', personal), C[harles Manners Sutton], archbishop of Canterbury, J[ames] H[enry Monk], bishop of Gloucester, R[ichard Bagot], bishop of Oxford, C[hristopher Bethell], bishop of Gloucester, W[illiam Warburton], bishop of Gloucester, John [Ewer], bishop of Llandaff, R[ichard Watson], bishop of Llandaff, A[shurst] T[urner] Gilbert, bishop of Chichester, [ Richard Beadon] bishop of Bath and Wells, 1812 (the ordination of candidates for holy orders, personal) (incomplete), W[illiam] Otter, bishop of Chichester, W[illiam Howley], archbishop of Canterbury, 1845 (an invitation to dinner), B[eilby Porteus], bishop of London, E[dward Venables Vernon Harcourt], archbishop of York, T[homas Burgess], bishop of Salisbury, G[eorge Pretyman], bishop of Lincoln, [Walker King, bishop of Rochester], J[ohn Fisher], bishop of Salisbury, G[eorge Pelham], bishop of Bristol, Geo[rge] H[enry Law], bishop of Bath and Wells, Edward [Grey], bishop of Hereford, C[harles] J[ames Blomfield], bishop of London, H[erbert Marsh], bishop of Peterborough, W[illiam van Mildert], bishop of Llandaff, C[harles Richard Summer], bishop of Llandaff, E[dward Copleston], bishop of Llandaff, J[ohn] B[arks Jenkinson], bishop of St. Davids.

D[aniel Wilson], bishop of Calcutta, J[ohn Luxmoore], bishop of Hereford, [Robert] J[ames Carr], bishop of Worcester, H[ugh Percy], bishop of Carlisle, J[ohn Graham], bishop of Chester, R[ichar]d [Whately], archbishop of Dublin, ?[18]35 (Irish poor laws), Edmond Thomas [M.P., Wenvoe Castle], 1759 (a commission ordered by the bishop of Llandaff), Thos. Wyndham [Dunraven Castle], [Sir] Benj[amin] Hall, 1st baron Llanover , [Sir] Chris[tophe]r Cole [Penrice Castle], John Edwards [Rheola], C. R. M. Talbot [Penrice Castle], Wyndham Lewis, Pantgwynlas, Wm. Gore Langton, W. Crawshay, Jr. [Cyfarthfa], Dudley [Long] North, politician, W[illiam] H[ enry] Lyttelton, 3rd baron Lyttelton, Pascoe Grenfell, politician, [Sir] Evan Nepean, 1st bart., ?Horatio Walpole, 1st baron Walpole of Wolterton, [Sir] W[atkin] Lewes [lord mayor of London], F[rancis] Homer, politician, H[enry] Bankes, politician, Nicholas] A[ylward] Vigors, zoologist, C[harles] W[atkin] Williams Wynn, Stratford Canning, 1st viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, Joseph Hume [radical politician], R[obert] A[glionby] Slaney, reformer, J[ames] S[ilk] Buckingham, author and traveller, [Sir] E[dward] Knatchbull, 9th bart., G[eorge] Rice Trevor, 4th baron Dynevor, Lord G[ ranville] C[harles] H[enry] Somerset, J[ohn] Jones [M.P., of Ystrad Lodge, co. Carmarthen, R[alph] Bernal, politician, E[dward] J[ohn] Stanley, 2nd baron Stanley of Alderley, 1839 (requesting the recipient's presence in the House of Commons), H[enry] Hobhouse, archivist, Rich. Hart Davis, Bristol, W[illiam] Pitt, 1st earl of Chatham, Henry Phipps, 1st earl Mulgrave, Charles Middleton, 1st baron Barham, Henry Addington, viscount Sidmouth, John Jeffreys Pratt, 1st marquess of Camden, William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, 3rd duke of Portland, N[icholas] Vansittart, 1st baron Bexley, Robert Stewart, viscount Castlereagh, Henry Goulburn, statesman, R[obert Saunders] Dundas, 2nd viscount Melville, Geo. Canning, statesman, John William Ward, 1st earl of Dudley, W[illiam] Huskisson, statesman, Charles Grey, 2nd viscount Grey and viscount Howick, William Lamb, 2nd viscount Melbourne, H[enry] P[eter] Brougham, baron Brougham and Vaux, John George Lambton, 1st earl of Durham, Henry John Temple, 3rd viscount Palmerston, Henry Richard Vassall Fox, 3rd baron Holland, Henry Petty- Fitzmaurice, 3rd marquess of Lansdowne [1834] (thanks for a volume of tracts on constitutional subjects), Sir G[eorge] Grey, 2nd baronet, T[ homas] Spring-Rice, 1st baron Monteagle, George Eden, 1st earl of Auckland, C[harles Edward] Poulett Thomson, baron Sydenham, C[harles] Yorke, lord chancellor, W[illiam] C[onyngham] Plunket, 1st baron Plunket, Sir James St. Clair Erskine, 2nd earl Rosslyn, Wm. Scott, baron Stowell, undated (the recipient's proposition ?to the Faculty of Advocates at Doctors' Commons), Thomas Denman, 1st baron Denman, H[enry Peter] B[rougham], lord chancellor, undated (a Great Seal's gift), [Francis] Bacon, lord chancellor, [Sir] J[ ohn] Leach, master of the rolls, [Sir] William] Grant, master of the rolls, Lloyd Kenyon, 1st baron Kenyon, undated (a legal question touching bodily impotence), Charles Stuart Aubrey, 3rd baron Tenterden, [Sir George] Pollock, 1st bart., Henry Bickersteth, baron Langdale, [Sir] S[amuel] Romilly, law reformer, [Sir] J[ohn] B[ernard] Bosanquet, judge, Charles Abbot, 1st baron Colchester, [Sir] G[eorge] Nares, judge, [George Hardinge, author] (in the form of poetry to Charles Manning, sculptor of the model for the monument of Capt. George N. Hardinge in St. Paul's Cathedral), James Scarlett, 1st baron Abinger, [Sir] J[ohn] Nicholl, judge, E[dward] B[urtenshaw] Sugden, baron St. Leonards, 1844 (appointments to the [Court of] Delegates), W. Nicholl, J[oseph] Phillimore [M.P.], [Sir] J[ohn] Jervis, lord chief justice of common pleas, [Sir] W[illiam] W[ebb] Follett, attorney general, 1842 (requesting a vote for the writer's brother at the Athenaeum Club), [Sir] Geo. Gilbert Scott, architect, 1857 (an appointment ), A[bel] Moysey [judge of the Brecknock circuit], Gryff. Price, Cardiff, W. Reader, Inner Temple, John Williams, Serjeants Inn, Thos. Caldecott ('Brecon Circuit'), Maurice O'Connell, undated (encloses a draft report), W. Hicks Beach, Lady [ ] Coffin Greenly, Ritley Court (in the third person ), 1833 (a subscription to the Cardiff eisteddfod), [Lady] C[harlotte] E[ lizabeth] Guest, L[ydia Rogers] W[hite], undated (an appointment).

Catherine Stephens, countess of Essex, Mary Fox, Kensington, 1840 (a publication by the writer for the benefit of infant schools and schools of industry in the writer's neighbourhood) (with an undated letter attached from M[ary] R[ussell] Mitford [novelist], with references to a continental tour, health, and friends), Magdalene Banks, Burhill, 1840 (a subscription due from the writer's husband), Lady Charlotte [Susan Maria] Bury, novelist (in the third person), undated (requesting a subscription towards a publication by the writer) (incomplete), Mary Howitt, author, Elizabeth Fry (in the third person), 1822 (the approaching anniversary meeting of the Prison-Discipline Society), Maria Edgeworth, novelist, Edgeworths Town, 1824 (the promise of a horse, an accident involving Judge Fletcher and the high sheriff, personal), L[ouisa] S[tuart] C[ostello], artist and author, undated (observations on Whigs and Tories, the writer's party, a proposed continental tour, personal), [Agnes Strickland, historian], undated ( personal, the character of Sir Lewis Dives) (incomplete), C. M. Yonge, Otterbourne, 1873 (an enclosure relating to [John] Keble), Edward Williams ['Iolo Morganwg'], Flimston, 1824 (relations with the 'doubly cursed rascal' William Rees of Court Coleman, Miss Wood's benefaction to the writer) (with a receipt for the twentieth annual benefaction, 1826, 'who now in the 81st year of his age has been for about three years confined to his house an absolute cripple . . .'), Henry Walters ('eccentric'), Cowbridge, Taliesin Williams ['Taliesin ab Iolo'], T[homas] Price ('Carnhuanawc'), Sophia Lee, novelist and dramatist [1803] (acknowledging a banker's bill for £78/3/2, personal), Edward Davies [author of Celtic Researches, 1804], Bishopston, near Swansea, 1824 (a benefaction for the widow of 'our late Minister'), W. J. Rees, Cascob Rectory, Presteign, Will[iam] Morgan, actuary, etc. The letters and franks are directed mainly to John Montgomery Traherne, Coedriglan, and other recipients include [William] Bruce Knight, Margam, Frederick Augustus, duke of York and Albany, T. [ recte Richard] Berens, All Souls College, Oxford, Lady Mary Talbot, Penrice Castle, etc., Chas. Barnard, St. Johns College, Cambridge, Henry Drake, London, Sir Christopher Cole, Mrs. Williams, Stone Street, Llandovery, R. Lascelles, Wenvoe Castle, Cardiff, Mrs. Morse, St. Hilary, Cowbridge, E. B. Pusey, Ch[rist] Ch[urch], Oxford, Miss Simkins, Cowbridge, Llewellyn Traherne, St. Hilary, Cowbridge, Lady Elizabeth Fielding, Penrice Castle, etc., Thomas Hulse, All Souls Coll[ege], Oxford, Mr. Salmon, surgeon, Cowbridge, Captain Bassett Saunderson, Lichfield, J. E. Bicheno, Rev. [William] Selwyn, Dr. [P.] Cadogan, Hanover Square [London], W. Strangways, [Sir] John Nicholl, Llewellyn Turner, Major Taynton, 64th Regiment, Lieut.-Col. Herbert Taylor ('Confidential Secretary to his Majesty'), Queen's Lodge, Windsor Castle, Lady Louisa Grey, Dunham Massey, Knutsford, Lady George Murray, Burnham Parsonage, Maidenhead, Mrs. Rd. Foley, Tythegston, Cardiff, W. Bennett, Dunraven Castle, John Wallington, Bridgenorth, Henry Banks, M.P., J. H. Vivian, Singleton, Swansea, John Charles Villiers, 3rd earl of Clarendon, Miss Rogers, Rectory, Weston- super-Mare, Major Croker, Cheltenham, Miss Louisa Traherne, St. Hilary, Geo. Jenner, Doctors' Commons, Rev. Wm. Michell at Duffryn, Cardiff, Rev. Dr. [James] Burton, canon of Christ Church, Oxford, Miss Nicholl, Merthyr Mawr, Rev. T. Selwyn, Melbury, Sherborne, Rev. John Walters, Landough, Rev. M. Davis, Abbotsbury, Lady Anne Lowther, Greetham, Miss M. D. Hill, Wenvoe Castle, Rev. Thomas Oliver Rogers, Weston-super-Mare, Rev. Rees Howel, [ curate of] Cowbridge, Fra[ncis] Staynton, Cowbridge, Miss Georgiana Raymond Barker, at Christ Church College, Oxford, Messrs. Haynes, Dillwyn & Co., Swansea, [Sir] Chas. Lyell, 1st bart., geologist, Hugh] Falconer, palaeontologist and botanist, Rich. Lougher, etc. There are also a few facsimiles of autographs of [Sir] George] Harbertt, Swansea, [Colonel] Phi[ lip] Jones, R[ice] Munxell [Mansell, of Margam], Mathyas Cradok, Ann Boleyn, Lady Jane Grey, Evan Seys [of Boverton], Ph. Melanchthon. NLW MS 11981E also contains a diploma of honorary membership of Société Franose de Statistique Universelle awarded to John Montgomery Traherne, 1838, and a letter announcing the election of J. M. Traherne to be a Fellow of the Royal Society of Northern Antiquaries, 1844.

Historical and genealogical miscellanea,

A composite volume containing miscellaneous material, mainly historical and genealogical, in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents, pagination in brackets, include notes relating to the parish of Penmark [co. Glamorgan] including notes on East Aberthaw Chapel, Penmark Castle, Roose Chapel, the parish church, Robert Jones of Fonmon Castle, ob. 1715 and interred at Penmark, Mary, his wife, ob. 1756, and their children (1-8); a list of fifteen queries presumably forming a questionnaire compiled for gathering descriptive and historical data relating to a parish (9-10; this appears with the name and address of Nicholas Carlisle of the Society of Antiquaries noted above); brief data, geological, botanical, historical, etc., relating to the aforesaid parish of Penmark (10-12); a note on the place-name Penmark and an account of the local legend concerning the skull of St. Mark and the site of the church of Penmark (13-14); miscellaneous observations relating ? to the parish of Porth Ceri [adjoining Penmark] (15); examples of the element pen in Welsh place-names and a comment on the writer's source for the aforementioned tradition relating to St. Mark's skull (16); 'An account of the cause of the conquest of Glamorgan by Sir Robert fitz Haymon and his twelve Knights By Sir Edward Mansel of Margam' [ob. 1585] relating the story of the disputes between Iestin, son of Gurgant, lord of Glamorgan, and Rhys, son of Theodor, prince of South Wales, and subsequently between the said Iestin on the one hand, and Enion, son of Calloyn, and Cedrych, son of Gwaethvoed, on the other, the invitation to Sir Robert Fitz Haymon and the Normans to intervene, and the consequent subjection and division of Glamorgan by the said Sir Robert and his knights, and describing the twelve lordships into which the country was divided and the pre- and post- conquest system of courts of law, etc. (19-55; the text has been published in J. H. Matthews (ed.): Cardiff Records . . ., vol. IV, 1903, pp. 6-22; for an incomplete variant version see NLW MS 13114B above, pp. 211-17, and for the opinion that the account was compiled by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') himself and not Edward Mansell see TLLM, tt. 200-203); 'Another account of the coming in of the Normans, in a shorter storry than that before, by Sir Edward Mansel of Margam' (56-85; for part text part summary see J. H. Matthews: op. cit., pp. 23-9, and for a note on see TLLM, ut supra); a list of the kings or lords of Glamorgan from the time of Morgan Mwynfawr to the third quarter of the eighteenth century with notes on their attributes, activities, marriages, family connections, etc., and incorporating an account of the coming of Sir Robert Fitz Aymon and the Normans into Glamorgan in the time of Iestin, son of Gwrgan, and the consequent subjection and division of the country (93-116; see J. H. Matthews: op. cit., pp. 29-34); further notes relating to the aforementioned Iestyn ab Gwrgan, prince of Glamorgan, his marriages and children, the coming into Glamorgan of Sir Robert Fitzhamon and his Norman knights in the time of the said Iestin, the subjection and division of the country, etc. (117-27; see Matthews: op. cit., pp. 34-7); (continued)

Genealogical and other data relating to the families of Bevan of Tref y Rhyg [in] Lantrisant, Kemis of Ceven Mabli, Powel of Maesteg and Lanharan, Powel of Lysworney, etc. [co. Glamorgan] (128-51; see Matthews: op. cit., pp. 37-9); notes relating to the descent of the lordship of Coetty [co. Glamorgan] in the hands of successive members of the family of Twrbil (Turberville) until the death of Sir Risiart Twrbil who died without heirs [second half 14th cent:], the holding of the said lordship by Sir Lawrens Berclos, nephew of the said Sir Risiart, and by Sir William Gamais, great-nephew of the said Sir Risiart, successively, and the subsequent loss of certain of the lordship's rights (? iura regalia) to the crown, and comments ? attributed to [the fifteenth century poet] Ieuan Deulwyn concerning the loss of such rights by the said lordship of Coetty, the ? lordship of Aberavan, and the Welsh nation (159-69); transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleison (169-70); miscellaneous notes relating to various churches, church towers, organs provided for specified churches, etc., all in co. Glamorgan (171-3); a transcript of the tract entitled 'The winning of the Lordship of Glamorgan or Morganwc out of the Welshmen's Hands' compiled by Sir Edward Stradling [and published in David Powel: The Historie of Cambria now called Wales, 1584] (175-221; a note by [Edward Williams] 'Iorwerth Gwilym' to the effect that there were manuscript copies 'of the foregoing History . . . by Sir Edward Stradling in several hands in Glamorganshire' and that he had transcribed one 'from Mr. Thos. Truman's Book' (222); a list of 'Hen Gromlechau, Crynnau, Kist feini, Gorseddau, Twmpathau, Beddfeini, &c. ym Morganwg' (227-9); a sketch and brief description of a druidic circle on Mynydd Gwryd, Wales Llangiwg [co. Glamorgan] (230); and notes, geographical and historical, headed 'The Signorie or Lordship of Gower situate in the west part of the County of Glamorgan in South Wales' (235-8).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Letters of John Rhys, etc.,

A volume in continuation of Cwrtmawr MS 758 containing fifty holograph letters, postcards, etc., from John Rhys and one holograph letter on his behalf by Elspeth Rhys from Oxford, etc., 1885-1901, to D. Silvan Evans at Llanwrin. Subjects of the correspondence include an interpretation of a text ('Neu vi luossawc yntrydar ....') from the Book of Taliesin, numerous problems of Welsh etymology, a manuscript dictionary discovered by Gwenogvryn Evans at the Bodleian Library, observations on the recipient's dictionary, adjudication on essays [submitted to the London national eisteddfod, 1887], arrangements for meetings of the Tithe Agitation Committee (1887) (of which the writer was Secretary), an address at Bangor, a contribution to Y Traethodydd, the application of J. M[orris] Jones for the lectureship at Bangor [University College], the illness of Dr [Gudbrandur] Vigfússon [at Oxford], an English version of an inscribed englyn at Michaelston-super-Ely, condolence on the recipient's bereavement [i.e. the death of his wife], a gift to the recipient of the writer's Studies in the Arthurian Legend, Mr [E. G. B.] Phillimore's attack on the 'caddishness' of Welsh people and especially of members of the 'Dafydd ab Gwylym Club', the interpretation of the old stones at Wareham, the progress of [J. Morris] Jones's publication of 'Llyfr yr Ancr', the treatment of Wales 'under the rule of Lord Aberdare quite recently' (12 November 1892), letters of congratulations to the writer [on his appointment as Principal of Jesus College, Oxford], the application for the grant to the recipient of a Civil List pension, the election of the recipient to a three years' fellowship of Jesus College, Oxford, the possibility of the grants of Cymmrodorion medals to the writer and the recipient (1897) (with observations on Phillimore's work as editor of the Society's publications), thanks for a new 'Sten [Sioned] (1901), personal, etc. The volume also contains holograph letters and postcards from T. Marchant Williams [from London] to Egerton Phillimore and to [Daniel Lewis Lloyd] bishop [of Bangor] (copy), 1897 (2) (a Civil List grant to D. Silvan Evans), John Rhys to 'Harry Silvan' [J. H. Silvan Evans], 1897-1906 and undated (3) (a Civil List grant to D. Silvan Evans, the livings of Llanddewi Velfrey and Llandow (with a reference to the claim of [John Edwin] de Hirsch-Davies), John Rhys to [Robert Roberts ('Y Sgolor Mawr')], 1879 (1) (Celtic philology) (23pp.), and Myvanwy Rhys, Aberystwyth to [J. H.] Davies, [19]20 (1) (returning the John Rhys letters contained in Cwrtmawr MSS 758-9).

Rhys, John, Sir, 1840-1915

Letters, vol. IV,

A volume made up of about one hundred and forty items of correspondence, etc. 1791-1806 and undated, addressed (except where otherwise stated) to William Owen [-Pughe]. The correspondents are the following: p. 83, Joseph Allen, Teacher of Mathematics, &c., Pembroke, 1792 (1) (queries); p. 453, Joseph Belk [London], 1806 (1) (requesting a favour); pp. 477, 481, 485, M. Belk, Doncaster, 1805 (3, two to Mrs. Owen) (personal matters, account of a dream); p. 469, Wm. Belk [? Doncaster], n.d. (1) (mention of Joanna [? Southcott], enclosing a copy of a letter, 1805, from James Brown, Newcastle upon Tyne, to Mr. Garratt, minister of Sions Chaple [sic], Lant Street, London, his son's behaviour); pp. 333, 369, 443, J. Britton, Bath, Chippenham, and [], 1800-1801 and 1804 (3) (mention of excursions, a request for reviews); pp. 383, 391, 415, 461, Thos Charles, Bala, [1800], 1806, and undated (4) (a query, an edition of the Welsh Bible); pp. 201, 225, 233, 301, 337, 359, 365, W[illiam] Coxe, Bemerton, etc., 1800-1803 and undated (7 (mention of proofs, the Vindication, etc.); p. 389, Rob. Davyz (Dafydd) [i.e. Robert Davies, 'Bardd Nantglyn'], Coviadur [Cymdeithas y Gwyneddigion], n.d. (1) (draft in the autograph of William Owen [-Pughe] of an address to Sharon Turner, 1803); pp. 91, 169, Edward Davies, Sodbury, 1793 and 1798 (2) ([The Heroic Elegies of] Llywarch Hen, apprehension lest a manuscript he sent should have been lost); pp. 179, 183, 297, 309, Hugh Davies (Rector of Aber), Beaumares [sic] and London, 1802-1803 (4) (the addressee's dictionary, Llyfyr y Resolution, etc.); pp. 79, 119, 124, 149, 153, 157, 173, 373, Walter Davies, 'Gwallter Mechain', Llanymynech and Myvod, etc., 1791-1799 and undated (8, one to Owen Jones) (mention of an essay for publication, the statistical account of Llanymyneich for the Cambrian Register, Whitaker's etymologies, the addressee's dictionary, the Report of North Wales, etc.); p. 447, T[homas] E[dwards] nant [i.e. 'Twm o'r Nant'], Dinbych, 1806 (1) (various anecdotes and tales); p. 127, Revd. Jn. Evans, Caira near Newport, 1794 (1, to E. and T. Williams, Booksellers, Strand, London) (an omission in the first part of Mr. Owen's dictionary); pp. 308, 317, Geo. Hardinge, n.d. (2) ([Edward] Davies and Mr. Henley, mention of the addressee's hints re the Celtic symbols); p. 107, M[aurice] Hughes, [printer], 1793 (1) (the controversy aroused by the addressee's plan to reform the Welsh language); p. 187, [Edward Jones, 'Bardd y Brenin', London], [1803] (1) (his recent severe illness, an invitation); p. 267, J[ohn] Jones, Ramoth near Tan-y-bwlch Inn, Merionethshire, 1803 (1) (enquiring about the dictionary); p. 421, O[wen] Jones, 1806 (1) (re the extracts from T. Wms.); pp. 195, 457, 507, 511, 515, The[ophilu]s Jones, Brecon, 1801-1806 and undated (5, three to William Owen and one each to Mr. Williams, Bookseller, Strand, and Owen Jones) (literary matters, etc.); p. 303, Thos. Jones, ['Y Bardd Cloff', London], 1802 (1) (sending an ode for the addressee's inspection (enclosure wanting)); p. 109, [William Jones] 'Cadfan', Llangadfan, 1793 (1) (concern for the fate of the addressee's dictionary, (?) reference to contemporary events, etc.); p. 113, Mr. LaTrobe [London], n.d. (1, to Mr. Samwell) (sending an extract from a letter concerning the Welsh Indians (enclosure wanting, but cf. I. A. Williams Collection, Letters to Iolo Morganwg, No. 320)); pp. 213, 385, 406, 423, Rich[ar]d Llwyd, Beaumaris, 1802-1806 and undated (4) (mention of old books [? manuscripts] at Brynddu near Amlwch, manuscripts at Hengwrt, etc.); p. 282, Messrs. Longman & Rees, [London], n.d. (1) (circular); pp. 427, 433, 494, 497, 501, 503, Robert Macfarlan, Hammersmith, 1804 (6 (observations for the addressee's opinion, requesting assistance in various matters); p. 425, Benj. He[ath] Malkin, n.d. (1) (an invitation to dinner, in a week's time he sets out for Glamorganshire); p. 361, William Moorcroft, [London], 1801 (1) (various queries); p. 165, bill from J. Newo [? Owen], (?)1797 (stationery, elegies); p. 259, Wm. [Owen, London], n.d. ( 1) to [ ] (a query concerning the Wendish language); p. 55, Th[omas] Pennant, Downing, 1789 (1) (he will be glad to receive the sequel of the addressee's enquiries, asking him to call on Mr. Sherwin, engraver, for a print of Mr. Pitt); p. 253, R. Phillips, [London, 1801] (1) (he has Mrs. Smith's permission to show him the MS); p. 135, Richard Powel, Yspytty, 1795 (1) (acknowledging a gift of the first part of the addressee's dictionary, opposition in various parts of North Wales to an Act to raise men for the Navy, various questions, the first part of a 'cywydd' entitled 'Cwymp Dyn a'i Adferiad' by 'Y Bardd Glâs o'r Gadair'); (continued)

p. 59, Siôn Wiliam [Prisiart], Plas-y-Brain, 1790 (1) (mention of a storm, the Dictionary, and D[afydd] Ddu, etc.); p. 203, E[dward] Pugh, [London], n.d. (1) (re sittings [? for a portrait]); W. O. Pughe, see under Owen, Wm.; p. 275, A[braham?] Raimbach, [London], 1803 (1) (Mr. Landseer and he will take tea with the addressee the following Tuesday evening); p. 431, O[wen] Rees, [London], n.d. (1) (introducing Mr. Malkin); p. 131, M. J. Rhees, Ponty Pool, 1794 (1) (he is obliged to give up the Welsh Magazine, subscribers to the addressee's dictionary, his intention to be at Carmarthen to print a collection of hymns for public worship, mention of the affair of Madam Bevan, re sailing to America); pp. 375, 379, W[illiam] Richards [of Lynn], Menaian Vawr, near Cardigan, and Lincoln, 1800 and 1804 (2) (an extract from a letter from Dr. Jones of Lower Dublin in Pensylvania [sic] referring to the death of John Evans, mention of his own little dictionary and of writing Welsh essays under different names such as 'Papuryn Achlysurol', etc., reference to a pirated edition (of a dictionary) now printed at Caermarthen); pp. 177, 199, 212, 218, 222, 230, 237, 244, 248, 292, 323, 328, 332, 340, 407, 438, 490, Gr[iffith] Roberts, senior, Dolgelley, surgeon, 1802-1804 (17, one undated) (his MSS, his son, John Roberts, a request for ear syringes, mention of old people dying of a kind of strange fever); pp. 343, 355, J[ohn] Roberts, Stadhampton near Dorchester, 1800-1801 (2) (mention of an edition of the Welsh Bible, a point relative to the late editions of the Common Prayer Book, he has taken the necessary steps to procure the loan of the Llyfr Coch); p. 191, 'Coffhâd am y Parchedig Goronwy Owain y Bardd', [poetry] by [John Roberts] 'S[iôn] Lleyn', beginning 'Eheded Awenydd hoywdeg-rheded . . . '; p. 441, Thos. Roberts, Llwynrhudol, [London], 1805 (1) (an invitation); p. 271, S. Rousseau, n.d. (1) (the addressee's pamphlet); p. 279, C. Smith, Strand, 1803 (1) (requesting him to look over a map); p. 463, C. Taylor, ?1805 (1, to the Revd. Mr. [Thomas] Charles) (re a map of the world); pp. 43, 51, 67, 71, 75, 87, 95, 143, D[avid] or Dafydd Thomas, 'D[afydd] Ddu [Eryri]', writing from Llanddeniolen, Bettws St. Garmon, Waunfawr, Llanystumdwy, and Amlwch, 1788-1795 (8, one to Owen Jones) (Y Sillafydd, mention of Capt. Harri Williams of Dolgelley, the dictionary, Tomas o'r Nant, 'eisteddfodau', Mr. D. Ellis, the school at Llanystumdwy, the death at Plas hen of Ifan Llwyd Fychan, esq., (Corsygedol), 'Ymddiddan Bleddyn fin Pladur a Thudur Glustfain', etc.); p. 145, J. Thomas, Welsh School, 1795 (1) (a request for a catalogue of the Welsh books and manuscripts belonging to the Charity); p. 351, D. Thurson, Oldcastle, Lampeter, 1801 (1) (requesting help for Mr. Moorcroft in connection with his researches); p. 283, Col. Toone [Epsom, Surrey], n.d. (1) (a request concerning the education of the writer's eldest son); p. 249, Joshua Toulmin, Taunton, [? 1800] (I, to R. Phillips, Bookseller, No. 71 St. Paul's Church Yard [London]) (an extract from a letter of the Revd. Harry Toulmin of Kentucky concerning the Welch [ sic] Indians for the Monthly Magazine); p. 231, Sh[aro]n Turner, [? London ], n.d. (1) (sending the Vindication); p. 319, T. R. Underwood, n.d. (1) (re tickets, (?) an invitation from Mr. Tobin to the addressee and Bard Williams to tea and to meet Mr. Southey); p. 47, Wm. Warrington, Shenley near Barnet, 1788 (1) (re maps); pp. 1, 5, 7, 11, 15, 19, 23, 27, 31, 35, 39, Edwd. Williams, 'Iolo Morganwg', Bath, Flimston, and St. Mary Hill, 1791-1806 (11) (information for Dr. [John] Williams, his intended expedition to America, various requests, mention of a manuscript of Brut y Brenhinoedd, a projected work, answering a letter in which it was suggested that he 'took away the books in a fit of passion', a copy of a letter from Owen Jones, etc.); p. 347, Hen: Williams (Crickhowell) writing from London, 1801 (1) (he is unable to call, will subscribe to the addressee's next Welsh productions); p. 63, J[ohn] Williams, Sydenham, 1791 (1) (re arrangements to meet Mr. Drummond and the addressee); p. 115, John Williams, Llanrwst, 1793 (1) (the dictionary, hoping he has not adopted a new orthography, mention of the 'infamous translation' of the Prayer for the late Fast); pp. 207, 289, Margaret Williams, Flimston, 1802 (2) (requesting information concerning [her husband] Edwd. Williams ['Iolo Morganwg'], her daughter's health); p. 161, Rev. Rob[ert] Williams, Llandudno near Conway, 1796 (1) (mention of his degree and ordination to a curacy and of plans to go to Oxford and [London], 'a vessel sails from Carnarvon to America, this month with about 300 Emigrants all Inhabitants of Carnarvonshire Anglesey or Denbighshire'); pp. 263, 411, Robert Williams or Robert ap Gwilim, Southwark, 1803-1804 (2) (his safe arrival in London from Riga in Russia, wishing to visit the addressee, an invitation); p. 419, Wm. Williams [? London], 1806 (I, (? requesting payment of an account); p. 313, C. H. Wilson, n.d. (1) (his inability to accept the kind invitation); p.295, C. Wood, [London], 1802 (1) (requesting the address of Mr. E. Williams ['Iolo Morganwg']); and p. 99, Y Colegwyr, Coleg y Rhacgaer, 1793 (1, to [Edward Williams] 'Iorwerth ab Gwilim') (refuting the addressee's claim and vowing that the language of the Welsh Bible is the best Welsh and that they will compose poetry according to the rules of the book of Sion Dafydd Rhys). Other items consist of: p. 123, printed proposals, 2 September 1793, for printing the Celtic Remains; p. 257, notes [by William Owen-Pughe] on 'Ross', 'Rhos', and 'Rhys'; and p. 261, particulars of the 'Madogeion Society'. One or two of the signatures to the letters have been cut away.

Manion Mawddwy,

A composite volume of transcripts, biographies and miscellaneous notes almost entirely in the hand of D. Silvan Evans. They include 'Helfa Hawdd ei Hebgor' (published in Y Geninen, 1887, pp. 200-204) (with instructions to the printer in the hand of [John Thomas, 'Eifionydd']); 'Brigant, neu Chware'r Brigant'; 'Canau' or poems in free metres transcribed by H[ugh] B[rython] H[ughes], partly in [18]74; 'Buchedd Marthin Sant'; 'Biographia Cambrensis: Intended as A Supplement to "Enwogion Cymru" by D. Silvan Evans; 'Cronfa Mawddwy ... neu Manion Mawddwy: 1863', largely consisting of rough notes on Welsh etymology, dialect words, place and personal names, etc.; etc. Mounted in the volume is a holograph letter from the Reverend E[benezer] W[ood] Edwards, Ruabon Vicarage to [D. Silvan Evans], [18]64 (date (1820) of birth and christening of [Sir] W[atkin] W[illiams] Wynn). Manuscripts in the Llanover and British Museum collections are quoted as sources of several of the transcripts. The spine is lettered 'Manion Mawddwy'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers and home-made booklets containing transcripts, notes, lists, jottings, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents are extremely varied. Prose items include items such as a brief note on Dafydd ap Gwilym (40), notes relating to Gruffudd ap Cynan and the 'eisteddfod' at Glyn Achlach in Ireland (41-2), a list of 'Constellations in Glam[organ]' (46), a list of 'Rhannau'r Dydd' (47), a version of the tale of Elphin and Taliesin at the court of Maelgwn Gwynedd copied 'Ex 37 P.P.' (i.e. Paul Panton MS 37 now NLW MS 2005, of which see ff. 26 verso-48 verso) (75-96), a list of Welsh bards, 11th - 15th cent., with occasional notes (104-05), an anecdote relating to Owain Glyndwr taking refuge in Syr Lawrens Berclos' s castle (106), genealogies of Iestyn ap Gwrgant, lord of Morgannwg, 1091, Meuric, lord of Gwent, descendant of Iestyn, and Syr Rhaph Rhawlech (107- 10), an anecdote relating to Owain Cyfeiliawc (112), a note on the descendants of Iestin ab Gwrgant (114), a note on Richard y Fwyalchen sef Syr Richard Williams, fl. 1590-1630 (116), extracts from [Dauid] Powel [: The Historie of Cambria now called Wales, 1584], pp.191-2, relating to the Welsh bards and minstrels (123-5), genealogical notes on members of the Cecil family from the time of Sir Rotpert Sitsyllt, late 11th cent., to the time of Sir William Cecill, Lord Burghley (127-33), a brief note on the computation of time and on 'Elinor Goch o dir Iarll' (140), notes relating to Welsh bardic grades (149-54), extracts from the review of The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales which appeared in The Monthly Review, July 1802 (159-60), a list of Welsh proverbs (161-3), a note relating to, and extracts from, Thomas Jones [: Carolau a Dyriau Duwiol, 1696] (165-6), a list headed 'Deuddeg Prifgampau Gwybodau Gwrolion' (169-71), a section headed 'Mangofion am yr hen Brydyddion a hen gerdd dafawd' containing notes and triads relating to Welsh bardism and more particularly the 'bardd teulu' and 'cerdd deuluaidd' (175-85), a copy of the bardic oath ('Adduned neu Dynghedfen Bardd') (191), notes commencing 'Pum Cenedl gynhwynawl a wladychant Ynys Prydain' (207-08), a note relating to Gilbert y Clar (ob. 1295) and his son (ob. 1313) (223), triads (224-5), brief notes on the five stages in the development of ? the Welsh bardic alphabet ('Pumoes Llythyr') (226), notes relating to Gruffudd ap Cynan's flight to Ireland, 1096, and his organising of a meeting of bards and musicians at Glyn Athlach (227), a note on 'Cadair arddangos Tir Iarll' (228), notes headed 'Glamorgan School (Poetry)' containing references to Rhys Goch ab Rhiccert, Norman literary influence in South Wales, Walter de Mapes, D[afydd] ap Gwilym, translations into Welsh, 'Saith Doethion Rhufain', 'Ystori Siarlymaen', the 'Mabinogion', and Walter, archdeacon of Oxford and the original of Geoffrey of Monmouth's 'Historia', and an anecdote relating to Rhys Goch Eryri, etc. (245-7), notes headed 'Bardism lost in North Wales' relating to the state of bardism in North and South Wales from circa 1400 onwards with comments on the restoration of the Welsh language in which Dr. John Davies [of Mallwyd] is referred to as 'the saviour of our language, its regenerator . . .' (253-7), a list of words and phrases ? from [Hugh Lewys:] Perl mewn Adfyd (263-4), a note on translating (295-6), a version of a conversation between teacher and disciple concerning creation, the nature of created matter, the first man, the first three letters, etc., with a note by Edward Williams on the word 'manred' (? the substance of created matter) (307-09), notes relating to the three bardic brothers Madawc, Ednyfed, and Llywelyn ap Gruffudd of Marchwiail [co. Denbigh], an 'eisteddfod' held at Maesaleg [co. ], ? temp. Edward III, another 'eisteddfod' at Marchwiail, temp. Edward III, Gwilym Tew and an 'eisteddfod' at the monastery of Penn Rhys in Glyn Rhodni [co. Glamorgan], an 'eisteddfod' at Caerfyrddin, N.D., successive re-organising of the rules and regulations relating to bards and bardism and musicians in the time of Morgan Hen, prince of Morgannwg, and his brother Ceraint Fardd Glas [10th cent.], of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn [11th cent .], of Rhys ap Tewdwr, lord of Dinefwr (with references to a quarrel between the said Rhys and lestyn ab Gwrgan, lord of Glamorgan, because the latter had carried off 'Rhol y Ford Gronn'), of Gruffudd ap Rhys ap Tewdwr, and of Gruff. ap Cynan, and the patronage of the bards by the squirearchy after the fall of the princes (311-16), rules of the bardic order headed 'Llymma ddosparth y Ford gronn ar Feirdd a phrydyddion a gwyr wrth gerdd Dafawd yn Llys yr amherawdr Arthur . . .', with a note on the disappearance of 'Dosparth y Ford Gronn' and its subsequent restoration by Rhys ap Tewdwr (323-32), another ? incomplete list of regulations for the bardic order headed 'Llymma Hen Ddosparth ar Freiniau a defodau Beirdd a Phrydyddion a phob gwrth (sic) wrth Gerdd Dafawd o Hen Lyfr Watkin Powel o Benn y Fai' (333-5), a version of the gorsedd prayer ('Gweddi Talhaiarn neu weddi'r orsedd') with an English translation (337), a short list of miscellaneous Welsh triads (343), brief notes on the saints Elli and Twrog and 'Llyfr Twrog' (360) (continued)

a list of 'Words collected in Blaenau Morganwg, anno 1770' (361-2), a list of eight ? chapter headings under the superscription 'Dissertation on the Welsh Language' (364), copies of, and a note on, inscriptions 'on Ffynon Illtud near Neath', and on a tombstone in Margam Abbey (371), a note on the institution of 'Y Ford Gronn' by the Emperor Arthur (372), anecdotes or notes relating to twelve Welsh saints (385-8), an anecdote relating to a quarrel between Dafydd ap Gwilym and Gruffudd Grug (389), notes on the fifteen tribes of Gwynedd ('Pymtheg Llwyth Gwynedd o Drefn y Brenin Alfryd ac Anarawd ap Rhodri Mawr . . .') (391-402), ? extracts from the letters of Goronwy Owen with comments by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') (409-15), a list of the names of authors of carols in a volume belonging to 'Mr. Davies o Fangor' (417-18), a note on the bard Llawdden (418), notes under the heading 'Eisteddfodau Gwynedd' referring to 'eisteddfodau' at Marchwiail (14th cent.), Nant Gonwy (15th cent.), Croesoswallt, Caerwys (16th cent.), and Bala (late 17th cent.), Gruffudd ap Cynan's visit to an 'eisteddfod' at Castell Dinefwr and his introduction of the bardic regulations formulated there into North Wales, etc. (included is an 'englyn' attributed to Dafydd Llwyd 'o Fathafarn') (418-22), an anecdote relating to the bard Llawdden and Gruff. ap Nicolas and the convening of an 'eisteddfod' at Carmarthen, 19 Henry VI (428-9), brief notes referring to 'cynghanedd' usage prior to the 'eisteddfod' at Caerfyrddin in 1451, changes inaugurated by Llawdden with regard to 'cynghanedd' and the strict metres, etc- (431-2), notes headed 'Llyma gyfarwyddyd parth ag am y Naw cwlm cerdd a fuant yng ngherdded Oesoedd amrafaelion ar arfer gan Feirdd a Phrydyddion Cymru' (433-4), notes on 'poetical talent' in the family of Meilir Brydydd, the Gower family in Glamorgan, the family of Einion ap Collwyn, and the 'Avan Branch of the House of Iestin ap Gwrgan', and general observations on the possibility of the development of poetic taste and ability in an individual, etc. (435-40 ), an ? incomplete list of triads headed 'Trioedd y Ford Gronn yn Nhir larll' (453-5) a note relating to 'cerddi teuluaidd' found in manuscript volumes in Glamorgan (463), a note on a bardic 'cadair arddangos' (464), an anecdote relating to Ifor Hael, Llywelyn ap Gwilym, and Dafydd ap Gwilym and a bardic convention at Gwern y Cleppa circa 1330 (466), a note on the bard-brothers Siôn, Wiliam, and Richard Philip of Ardudwy (467), a short list of three triads headed 'Trioedd Cadair Morganwg' (468), notes relating to an 'eisteddfod' at Nant Gonwy, 1 Edward IV, where the strict- metre poetic system devised by Dafydd ap Edmwnt at the 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen, 9 Henry VI, was ? officially accepted ('breiniwyd'), incorporating 'englynion' attributed to Dafydd ap Edmwnt and Twm Tegid of Llan Gower in Penllyn (479-81), a list of Glamorgan proverbs ('Diarhebion Morganwg Cymmysg') (499-506), two sets of outline notes headed 'Ancient British Literature' and 'Characteristics of ancient Welsh Literature in its several ages or periods' (507-10), a list of English proverbs headed 'Lantwit and Gower proverbs. The Devil's name in every one of them' (513), miscellaneous triads headed 'Trioedd Cymmysg' (515-16), two lists headed 'Deg Peth ni thalant ei hachub o'r Tan' and 'Deuddegpeth drwg a drwg fydd eu diwedd' (531), a list of 'Mesurau cerdd dafawd Cyffredin', which, according to a note at the end, were also known as 'Mesurau arwest' and 'mesurau cerdd deulu' (536-9), a note on poetical works which appeared in Wales circa 1350 and later in the same century and were attributed to Taliesin and other bards (540), notes referring to 'eisteddfodau' at Caerfyrddin in 1451 and 1460, Nant Conwy [temp. Tudur Aled], and Caerwys, temp. Henry VIII and temp. Elizabeth, with references to changes introduced in the bardic rules and regulations and incorporating an 'englyn' attributed to Ieuan Tew Ieuanc (541-3), and a brief note on the bardic 'Cadair Tir Iarll' (543). Verse items include transcripts of poems, largely 'englynion', or sections of poems attributed to D[afydd] ab Gwilym (40), Taliesin, Iolo Goch, and Llywelyn Goch ap Meyryg Hen (49), Y Bardd Glas o'r Gadair (97-8, 134-7), Caradawc Llancarfan (99), Gwgan Farfawc 'o Landathan' or Gwgan Fardd (100-04), Edward Rhisiart 'o Lan Fair y Bont Faen' (113), Dafydd y Blawd (115), Rhys Meigen (117), Thomas Morgan 'o'r Tyle Garw' (118-20), William Davies or Gwilym Tir Ogwr (122), Siôn y Cent (126), Elis Wynn 'o Las Ynys' (144-5), Edmund Prys, Ficar Clynog Fawr ('mab yr hen archiagon') (145-6), Siôn Morys 'o Lanfabon' (148), lorwerth ap y Gargam (223), y Parchedig D. Dafis, 'gweinidog Llwyn Rhyd Owain' (353-5), Daf. Benwyn (378), Dafydd Nicolas, Aberpergwm (390, 426), Dafydd Alaw (403- 04), Siôn Brwynog (405-06), Llawdden (406, ? 426, 428), Wiliam Cynwal (408 ), Richard Philip (408, 467), Wm. Llyn, Dafydd ap Edmwnt, Robert Clidro, Howel Bangor, and Cadwgan ap Rhys (425), Thos. Llewelyn 'o Regoes' (426), Gruff. ap Maredydd ap Dafydd, Rhisiart Iorwerth, and Siôn Tudur (427), Gruff. ap Dafydd ap Tudur (428), Tudur Aled and Huw Llwyd Cynfel (430), Prohl (with a note 'Einon offeirad, Bardd Syr Rhys Hen o Abermarlais, a elwid y Prohl . . .') (461-2), [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (467, 507 ), and Dafydd o'r Nant (481). Also included are lists or groups of Welsh words sometimes with English definitions, excerpts from the works of Welsh poets, these sometimes to illustrate specific words, miscellaneous genealogical data, notes relating to Welsh grammar and etymology, miscellaneous memoranda, extracts from a variety of printed sources, etc.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume consisting of papers and note-books containing miscellaneous material in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together. The contents consist largely of miscellaneous Welsh word lists, the words in many instances being followed by English definitions and/or illustrative excerpts from the works of Welsh poets. Pp. 25-47 contain an incomplete transcript of a letter in Welsh sent in 1726 by the Rev. Edward Gamage, rector of St. Athan [co. Glamorgan], to Llewelyn ab Ifan of the parish of Llangrallo [co. Glamorgan], providing the recipient with genealogical and historical data relating to the Stradling family ('achau y Stradlingiaid o Gastell Llan Ddunwyd y Fro . . .'). This appears to be a variant, much fuller version (but wanting the end section) of the letter sent by Gamage to Llewelyn ab Ifan in November 1726, a copy of which, in Gamage's own hand, is to be found in NLW MS 13077B (for other transcripts by Edward Williams of letters from, or allegedly from, Gamage to the same recipient see also NLW MSS 13091E, 13100B, and for observations on this correspondence and doubts as to the authenticity of the present and other Williams transcripts see IMCY, tt. 58-60, TLLM, tt. 107, 195, and IM, tt. 245-6). Other items in the volume include pp. 60 + 57, a list of Glamorgan place names found in genealogies; 74, 193, brief lists of Glamorgan idioms or proverbs; 78, 103-04, two short, incomplete lists of Welsh triads with the superscriptions 'Llyma drioedd a gafwyd yn y Bewpyr . . .', and 'Trioedd o Lyfr Gutto Ysgolhaig o Lanhari'; 82, brief notes headed 'Cadeiriau Morganwg a Thir Iarll'; 87-91, lists of, or notes relating to, households in the parishes of St. Athan, Eglwys Brewis, Flimston, and St. Mary Church, and parts of the parishes of Penmark and Lancarvan [co. Glamorgan], ? in the late eighteenth century, showing how many contained infants under the age of ? sixteen; 92-3, brief notes attacking the assumption made by the advocates of paedobaptism that the families of Lydia and the jailor [whose baptisms are recorded in Acts, chapter XVI] contained infants who were baptised, and utilising the statistical evidence extracted from the lists in the preceding item to demonstrate that the majority of families at any given time did not contain infants; 130, a note on 'the modern Literary Dialect of the Welsh language'; 144-5, 147, 149, lists of early bishops of Morganwg, early and pre-Saxon bishops of Landaff, and pre-Saxon archbishops of London; and 179, a list of 'Glum[organ] names of grasses'. Also to be found on various pages are grammatical and etymological notes and other miscellanea. In one instance notes have been written on the reverse side of an imperfect copy of a printed handbill announcing an 'eisteddfod' to be held in Caerwys [co. Flint] in 1798 under the patronage of the Gwyneddigion Society.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents (notes, extracts, lists, jottings, transcripts, etc.) are extremely varied and cover a multiplicity of topics. Included are notes or lists with the superscriptions 'Deg Rhan ymadrodd' (38), 'Llyma gof a son am gadeiriau prydyddion Morganwg a chof amcan eu hamserau' (72-3), 'Anecdotes of Merthyr' (83-4), 'Customs in Glam[organ]' (86-7), 'Rhywiau cerdd dafod parth arbenigrwyd[d] ansodd' (113), 'Llafar Gorsedd B[eirdd] Y[nys] P[rydain] yng nghadair Morganwg' (128-30), 'Trees that will flourish near the sea' (249), 'Llyma enwau'r llefydd lle arferai Feirdd Morganwg gynnal eisteddfod a Chadair' (252), 'Trees to be intermixed with fruit trees in an orchard' (264), 'Proper trees to [be] planted in an orchard' (265), 'Enwau Cymreig ar afalau ym Morganwg' (266-72), 'Enwau Gellyg Ynghymraeg' ( 275-6), 'Enwau Eirin a Phlemys ym Morganwg' (277-8), 'The names of the Norman Peers of Glamorgan and the names of their Castles. . .' (293), '[Names of the] months [in] Armoric [and] Cornish' (313), 'Rhif Carennydd' ( 340), 'List of Publications on the inconsistency of War with the Christian Religion' with comments ? by Edward Williams on the church and war (363-70 ), 'Ex Old Vocabulary at Hafod' (388), 'Hints for the Dissertation on the Welsh Language' (389-?90), 'Llymma son am Eisteddfod Beirdd a Phrydyddion a fu ym Marchwiail ym Maelor' (mention of 'eisteddfodau' held at Gwern y Cleppa, Marchwiail, and Baglan) (396-8), and 'Cyfarwydd am Dri Brodyr Marchwial' (mention of the same three 'eisteddfodau') (398-400); notes, sometimes very brief, on 'cynghanedd' (34), early Christianity in Britain ( 40), the use of the bardic alphabet amongst the Welsh for teaching purposes temp. Henry IV (42), the 'chair of Tir Iarll' (69 + 71), the original home of the Cymmry, i.e. Defrobani (119), weather conditions in March 1811 (175), the Welsh language (181-2), Pythagoras (188), 'englynion' (189), the Essenes (197), Druids (197), Druids and bards amongst the Celtic peoples (207-13), materials used as writing surfaces in ancient and medieval times with mention of a few medieval libraries (213-15), the Druids of Britain and Gaul (216-33), mortar making, garden terracing, and fruit planting (245-6), Welsh culinary recipes (247-9), brick making (254), the growing of trees and fruit near the coast in Glamorgan (262-3), Welsh metrical measures (279), Castletown house [co. Glamorgan] (283), the family of Berkrolles (302), and 'y Ford Gronn' (401); transcripts of Welsh poems including 'cywyddau' attributed to Dafydd ap Edmwnd and Gruff. ab Ifan ab Llywelyn Fychan, an incomplete poem (stanzas 1 and part of 2 missing) attributed to Thos. Llen. o Regoes, and part of a 'cywydd' attributed to Dafydd Alaw (95-109), a 'cywydd' attributed to Siôn Dafydd Rhys (255-6), and an 'englyn' attributed to Daf. Llwyd Bryn Llyfrith (309); transcripts of English verse including ? a translation from the Welsh with the superscription 'A prophecy by Thomas ap Evan ap Rhys in the time of Edw[ar]d the VI' (47-8), twenty-two stanzas entitled 'The Welsh Batchelor' s wish' attributed to the Revd. Mr. Christ. Roberts of St. Athan (289-92), and ten stanzas ? from . . . Bulmer: Pleasantness of Religion (307); miscellaneous items including miscellaneous triads (151-4), ? a draft of a title-page for an anthology of Welsh verse to be called Y Bardd Teulu (147 ), a draft of a prefatory letter, 1796, by Edward Williams to a proposed volume containing an anthology of Welsh prose and verse items, material relating to Welsh bardism, etc. (157-8), an incomplete triad re the 'bardd teulu' (196), a plan of the layout of a dwelling house with orchards, kitchen gardens, fruit gardens, etc. (274), historical anecdotes relating to the lordship and county of Glamorgan reputedly from a manuscript 'of the late William Roberts of St. Athan' (293-8), a list, with examples, of twenty classical metrical feet (306), a genealogical table showing descendants of Iestin, lord of Morgannwg (415-16), biographical notes on members of the Stradling family to the late sixteenth century ? from [ British Museum] Harleian MS 368 (417-22), and a plan of a stone circle 'at Field Marshal Conway's . . . near Henly upon Thames' (429); and extracts from a variety of printed sources including Cambrian, March 1819 ( Welsh speaking Indians) (131), The Monthly Review, February 1819 (132 + 134), the works of [Isaac] Watts (135-?43), . . . Priestley: Tablet of Memory (159-?74), Cambrian, September 1819 (a proposal 'to obtain an Act of Parliament for making and maintaining a Pier and Harbour at Newton in the Parish of Newton Nottage [co. Glamorgan]', etc. (281), [W. Wotton: Cyfreithjeu Hywel Dda . . ., London, 1730] (relating mainly to the Welsh bards) (343-52) and the Ecclesiastical Review, January 1817 (359-62). Interspersed throughout the volume are lists or groups of miscellaneous Welsh words sometimes with English definitions, proverbs, grammatical or etymological notes, poetic extracts, and other miscellanea. In some instances the blank verso or margins of the following have been utilised for writing notes - an undated holograph letter from Mr. Dunn from St. Athans to Ed. Williams, Flemingstone, re materials for the tomb of the writer's mother (in third person) (185-6, 199-200), copies of a printed circular, 16 August 1820, appealing for subscriptions towards the completion of a Unitarian chapel at Merthyr Tydfil, copies of a printed 'advertisement' and 'proposals' for publishing Edward Williams's two volumes of English verse Poems Lyric and Pastoral in 1792, a folded sheet containing a copy of a Welsh poem entitled 'Canwyll gogan y Cymru' attributed to 'Siôn ?Flay o Bentre'r Lai' (284-5, 300-01), a holograph letter, 30 September 1818, from G. Birley, Methodist Chapel, Cardiff, to Edw[ar]d Williams (forwarding a copy of the first volume of [John Hughes:] Horae Britannicae at the author's request) (315-16, 333-4), a copy of a printed circular, 6 December 1802, announcing literary competitions to be held under the auspices of the Gwyneddigion Society (320 + 329), and an undated holograph letter from Edward Williams to John Llewelyn, esq., Penlle'r Gaer [co. Glamorgan], concerning recipient's 'usual benefaction' to the writer (379-82).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume containing miscellaneous prose and verse items in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Page i is inscribed 'Brith y Coed Sef Cynnulliad Cymmysg o Hen Bethau Cymreig, Rhyddiaith a Phrydyddiaeth. Cynnulliad Iolo Morganwg. Rhifyn IV', and pp. iii-vii contain a list of ninety-four items being the contents of pp. 1- 144. These include, pagination in brackets, transcripts of Welsh poems (sometimes single stanzas) or extracts from Welsh poems attributed to Gwydion ap Don (from the Mabinogi) (1), Lln. Moel y Pantri (2), Lln. ab Hywel ab Ieuan ab Gronw (5, 101-04, with a note on the bard 104-05), Dafydd Gorlech (5), Gruff. ap Gronw Gethin (6), Rhys Llwyd Brydydd (6, 73), Ieuan Gethin ab Ieuan ab Lleison (17, 74, 122), Thomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes' (17), Siôn Tomas Hywel 'o Lanbedr ar Fro' (29), Thomas Wiliam Hywel (29), Thomas Lewys 'o Lechau' (29-30), Harri Meirig (35), Taliesin Ben Beirdd ( 49-55, 78-9), Dafydd ap Gwilym (72, 130), Iorwerth Fynglwyd (73-4), ? Rhys Nanmor (73), Ieuan Du'r Bilwg (74), Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys (75-7), Gruffydd Llwyd Dafydd ap Einon Lygliw (97-100, with a note relating thereto), Siôn Rhydderch (106-07), Dafydd Hopcin 'o'r Coetty' (108), Rhisiart Thomas (109 ), Teilo Sant (114-15), Casnodyn Fardd 'o Gil Fai' (116), Dafydd Lewys 'o Ferthyr' (120), Lleison Cradoc 'o Dregolwyn' (121), Rhys Brydydd (121), Owain Gwynedd (121), Dafydd Benwyn (122), Wm. Cynwal (122), Huw Machno (130), Edwd. Richards (130), Hywel Rhys (130), Hopcin ap Thomas 'o Lynn Tawy' (132), Llywelyn Goch ab Meurig Hen (132), Siôn Tudur (136-41), Siôn Mowddwy (141), Llawdden Fardd (143), Tudur Wiliam (144), John Daf. ap Jenkin (144), and Llywarch Hen (144); transcripts of unattributed Welsh verse including a series of fourteen 'Englynion yr Adar' with notes by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' relating thereto (37-9), a series of eighty-four 'Englynion Arthur a'r Eryr a hwnnw oedd Eliwlod Nai Arthur ag Arglwydd Llancarfan' with notes relating thereto by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (79-95), and an 'englyn' (131); notes on 'Adar Rhiannon' and 'Blynyddau'r haul a'r Lleuad' (2); genealogical data relating to the descent of King Arthur including an anecdote relating to Brân fab Llyr (3- 4); genealogical data relating to 'Taliesin Ben Beirdd' and 'Morganiaid Tredeger' (7-8); a copy of the inscription on the gravestone of William Hopkin [the reputed poet], ob. 1741, and of an 'englyn' thereon attributed to his mother, and a brief note on his family (9; see TLLM, tt. 251-9); notes, mainly genealogical, relating to Rhys Brydydd of Llanharan [co. Glamorgan] and his family (10); a brief genealogy of William Bleddyn, bishop of Llandaff [1575-1590] (11); notes relating to Cuneddaf Wledig and his sons (11-14); notes on Saint Brychan and Morgan ap Einydd from whom allegedly Brycheiniawg and Morgannwg derived their names (15-17); a copy of a version of the statute reputedly drawn up by Gruffudd ap Cynan for regulating the order of bards and musicians with brief notes on the said statute by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (18-28); miscellaneous genealogical data (30-36, 48, 113); horticultural and agricultural instructions extracted 'o Hen Lyfr Esaia Pywel o Lansainffraid ar ogwr' being a work allegedly compiled in 1591 by Rhisiart Siôn Huw 'o'r Coetty' ( 40-48) ; notes on the Welsh bardic order as it was previous to the time of Gruffydd ap Cynan ('Llyma Drefn ar wyr wrth Gerdd Dafawd a elwir Hen Drefn Deheubarth ag a fu yng Ngwynedd cyn nog amser Gruffydd ap Cynan') (56-60); a list of fifty Welsh triads headed 'Llyma Drioedd Cerdd' (60-68); a list of Welsh proverbs allegedly extracted from a larger collection 'Yn Llyfr Thomas Bona' (69-72); a transcript of a letter in Welsh from Llywelyn Siôn from Llangewydd to Meuryg Dafydd of Llan Nisian [both of co. Glamorgan and fl. late 16th cent.] (the books relating to the bardic craft 'Llyfrau cerdd dafawd . . . sef pump llyfr Cerddwriaeth' which he, Llywelyn Siôn, had been copying were ready for collection, recipient should receive one pound for them, he had heard that the person who wished to have the volumes intended publishing a work on the subject in Welsh and Latin, knowledge of the Welsh bardic craft would disappear except for the composing of 'cwndidau') (96; for the opinion that it is a forgery to be attributed to Edward Williams himself see TLLM, t. 93, n. 45, and t.158, n. 56); (continued)

Notes relating to 'eisteddfodau' held at Ystrad Owain, Glamorgan, with particular reference to an 'eisteddfod' held there in 1720, and transcripts of 'englynion' composed in connection therewith (105-12; see TLLM, tt. 272-7); a brief note on the connection between some of the gentry and clergy of Glamorgan and Welsh poetry until ? comparatively late in the eighteenth century (112); a short list of Welsh triads, a few Welsh proverbs, lists with the superscriptions 'Wyth prif Gampau Dedwydd', 'Naw Llawenydd y Nef', 'Yr Wyth Brifwyd', 'Wyth Weithred Trugaredd', and 'Wyth Defnydd Dyn', and a list of sayings attributed to Cattwg Ddoeth (117-20); notes relating to Rhys Brydydd of Llanharan [co. Glamorgan] and his sons Rhisiart and Ieuan and tales relating to his grandson Thomas (123-9; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, pp. 200-03, and for an English translation ibid., pp. 614-17); miscellaneous triads (131); notes on and a list of 'Breiniau Gwyr Arfon' (133-6); and Welsh medicinal recipes (142-3). Pp. 153-5 contain a list of fifty-one items being an incomplete list of the contents of pp. 157-384 Previously paginated 1-228. Included, pagination in brackets, are a copy of 'Gwassanaeth Meir' [being a middle Welsh version of the 'Officium Parvum Beatae Mariae Virginis'] transcribed by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' in June 1799 from a manuscript in the hand of John Jones [of Gellilyfdy, co. Flint] then in the library of Thomas Johns of Hafod Ychtryd, co. Cardigan [now Hafod MS 23 in the Cardiff Free Library] (157-211); a section headed 'Tri achos y dioddefawdd Crist archollion . . . ' and two Welsh triads (212 ); transcripts of two sequences of 'englynion' the first attributed to Mab Claf ab Llywarch or Llogell Rhison and the second to the said Mab Claf ab Llywarch, and of a poem attributed to Taliesin Ben Beirdd (213-20); transcripts of seven prayers described as 'Emynau Curig Ferthyr' (221-5); a copy of an anecdote relating to Owain Glyn Dwr and Syr Lawrens Berclos (225-6); transcripts of three sequences of 'englynion' (each stanza commencing 'Coronog Faban') attributed to Aneurin Gwawdrydd, Jonas, athraw Mynyw, and Rhys Goch o'r Ryri respectively with notes [by Edward Williams] on the three sequences (227-38; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, pp. 265-71 and for an English translation ibid., pp. 673 et seq.); four more sequences or 'awdlau' containing 'coronog faban' stanzas, the second being attributed to Gildas Broffwyd and the fourth being copied, with revised orthography, from Thomas Pugh: Brittish and Out-landish Prophesies . . ., London, 1658 (239-56; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, pp. 271-82); an incomplete copy of an 'awdl' attributed to Cuhelyn Fardd (257); a brief note on Gruffudd Hiraethog's opinion of Siôn Tudur, Wiliam Cynwal, Simwnt Fychan, and William Llyn (269); a note headed 'Edifeirwch Owain Cyfeiliog' (269-70); a copy of 'Prophwydoliaeth Gildas Brophwyd' (270-73); an incomplete series of triads entitled 'Trioedd Cerdd gwasgaredig' (273-4 ); transcripts of two stanzas of the 'tawddgyrch cadwynog' measure attributed to Iorwerth ab Ieuan and Lewys Hopcin 'o Hendre Ifan Goch' and of 'englynion' attributed to Lewys Morganwg (277-8); a short list of names of places and persons mainly from Welsh literature and legend extracted from a manuscript collection of Welsh poetry compiled by D[afydd] Jones, vicar of Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd (279-81); a list of questions and answers headed 'Gofyniadau saith o wyr Doethion i'w gilydd a'u hattebion' (282-3); a transcript of an 'englyn' in Latin attributed to Grono Ywain (283); a series of thirty Welsh triads (284-9); a copy of a fable entitled 'Hanes y tri aderyn Llwch Gwin' (289-90; for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts, p. 188, and for an English translation ibid., p. 600); copies of two prose items entitled 'Hanes y Pedwar Cefnderwydd Gwynedd' and 'Cynghor Taliesin i'w Fab Afaon' and a note re a Glamorgan tradition linking Wa[l]ter de Mapes with the parish of Llancarvan (290-92); (continued)

A note relating to Gruffudd Dwn of Ystrad Marchell and his relationship with William Llyn and William Salesbury, with a copy of an 'englyn' by the said Gruffudd Dwn to Salesbury (293-4); a note on the words 'ynad' and 'anynad' (295); transcripts of Welsh strict- and free-metre poems attributed to [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg', Hopcin y Gwaydd 'o Fargam', Thomas Llywelyn 'o Regoes', Hywel Rhys 'o Flaen Cannaid', Edward Richards 'o Ystrad Meuryg', Siôn y Cent, y Parchedig Roger Edwards 'offeiriad Llanaber yn Ardudwy', Evan Evans ( ), Edmund Prys, and Iorwerth Fynglwyd (296-317); notes relating to Elis Wynn [cleric and author] with a transcript of six of the 'englynion' published by him at the beginning of his [translation of Jeremy Taylor's Holy Living, i.e.] Rheol Buchedd Sanctaidd and of the six 'englynion' to the translator by Edmund Prys 'Ficar Clynog Fawr yn Arfon a mab yr hen Edmund Prys o Faen Twrog' also published at the beginning of the said volume (318-23); transcripts of strict-metre poems attributed to ? Ieuan ap Gruffudd, Siôn y Cent, Tomas Morgan 'o'r Tyle Garw', Wiliam Dafydd 'neu Wilym Tir Ogwr', Dafydd y Blawd, Y Bardd Glas o' r Gadair, Evan Evans 'sef Ieuan Gwynfardd Ceredigion', Goronwy Owain, Hopcin y Gweydd 'o Fargam', Huw Caerog, Huw Llyn, Huw Pennant, Wiliam Cynwal, Ieuan Tew Hynaf, Wiliam Byrcinshaw, Siôn Tudur, and Richard Dafies, Escob Mynyw, and of some unattributed verse, the poems in some instances being accompanied by notes relating to subject matter, circumstances of composing, etc. (323-57); a note relating to the grading or licencing of bards at the time of the 'eisteddfod' at Caerwys ? 1565 (357-8); notes relating to Elisabeth Price, cousin of Robert Fychan of Hengwrt [co. Merioneth], her work as a copyist of the works of Welsh poets from the earliest to her own times, some twenty manuscript volumes in her hand in the possession of the Reverend Mr. Dafis of Penegos near Machynllaith [co. Montgomery], the untrustworthy nature of the genealogical manuscripts of Gwynedd, the compilation of such works as Brut y Brenhinoedd, Brut y Tywysogion, and Brut y Saeson in South Wales, the preservation of the poetic compositions of the bards of the princes of Gwynedd in South Wales manuscripts such as Llyfr Coch Hergest, Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin, Llyfrau Gogerddan, and Llyfrau Castell Rhaglan, the use of 'Iaith Deheubarth' as a literary language by the poets of Gwynedd, etc. (359-61; see TLLM, tt. 173-4); an anecdote relating to the poet Gutto'r Glyn's visit to an 'eisteddfod' at Cardiff Castle with a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Syr Wiliam Herbert and of part of a 'cywydd' attributed to Hywel Dafydd ap Ieuan ap Rhys connected therewith (362-3); transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Gruffudd ap Llywelyn Fychan and Ifan Brydydd hir (jointly), Lewis Môn, Tudur Aled, Rhisiart Iorwerth 'o Langynwyd', and Llywelyn Goch ap Meuryg Hen 'o Nannau', an 'englyn sathredig ym Morganwg', and a stanza attributed to Owen Brereton (363-5); brief genealogies of Taliesin Ben Beirdd (366); and brief genealogical and other data relating to the three bardic brothers Ednyfed, Madawg, and Llywelyn, sons of Gruffudd ap Iorwerth of Marchwiail [co. Denbigh] with reference to an 'eisteddfod' held at Marchwiail in the lifetime of the said three brothers (367-8). P. 385 is inscribed 'Brith y Coed, Rhann VI yn hwn y mae Statut Gruff. ap Cynan o Lyfr Siôn Brwynog', and pp. 387-8 contain a list of the contents of pp. 393-421 (previously paginated 1-29). Included, pagination in brackets, are prose items headed 'Llyma Saith weithred y Drugaredd yr rhai y bydd Crist ddydd brawd yn holi pob Criston yn galed am danynt' and 'Llyma beth o Gynghoreu Cattwn Ddoeth a'r Bardd Glas o'r Gadair i bob gwr doeth ar y fynno rengi bodd Duw a dynion . . .' (393-9); a short list of 'Geiriau gwir Taliesin' and a series of six Welsh triads (400); a series of sayings attributed to Y Bardd Glas o'r Gadair, and a sequence of questions and answers of a biblical - mythological nature (401-02); and transcripts of strict-metre poems attributed to Gutto'r Glynn, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Dafydd Na[n]mor, Meilir Brydydd, Dafydd ap Gwilym or Iolo Goch, and Llawdden or Gwilym ap Ieuan hen (403-21). The remainder of the volume contains, pagination in brackets, a copy of rules relating to the holding of 'eisteddfodau' and of a version of the statute for the regulating of the bardic order attributed to Gruffudd ap Cynan as allegedly confirmed at the [mid] fifteenth century 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen (425-37; the present version, according to notes On p. 437, had been compiled by Siôn Brwynog from various sources and had been transcribed by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' from one of the manuscripts of the aforementioned Elizabeth Price in the possession of the Reverend Mr. Dafies of Penegos aforesaid); a note by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' relating to the authorship of the aforementioned rules for holding 'eisteddfodau' (438; see TLLM, t. 281); notes relating to an 'eisteddfod' held at Y Pil in co. Glamorgan in 1715 listing the names of bards who ? were present and containing transcripts of 'englynion' composed at or in connection with the said ' eisteddfod' allegedly by Nicolas Rhys, Wil Hopcin, Siôn Bradford ('Ieuan Tir Iarll'), Dafydd Hopcin 'o'r Coetty', Dafydd Nicolas, Gruffudd ap Hywel ('Y Digri Bach'), Rhys Morgan, Siôn Rhydderch, and Dafydd Thomas (441-6; see TLLM, tt. 258, 277 et seq.); a further note relating to the aforementioned Dafydd Thomas who was at Y Pil including a reference to Siôn Rhydderch (446-7; see TLLM, t. 244); and what appears to be the superscription for proposed notes on an 'eisteddfod' held at Ystrad Ywain in co. Glamorgan in May 1720 (448).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A volume (pp. 5-310) containing items of an extremely varied nature in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Included, pagination in brackets, are lists or groups of Welsh words, sometimes with English definitions or equivalents or notes (17, 25, 29, 34, 38, 43, 47, 53, 80-82, 89, 102, 125-6, 134, 142, 157, 161, 170, 182, 196, 203, 219-20, 225, 235-6, 238, 242, 245, 247, 263, 282, 292); extracts from Aneurin's 'Gododdin' headed 'Silldorriadau Gododin' (119-20); notes, sometimes very brief, on or relating to Welsh bardism (21, 27, 57, 72, 127, 156, 187, 192-3, 195, 244, 258), song writing (32), the characteristics of the work of Cattwg, Taliesin, and Aneurin (32), the coming of the Cymry to Britain from Deffrobani and their loss of sovereignty to the Romans and Saxons (36), the knowledge of letters amongst the ancient Britons (37), King Arthur's court (46), the 'modern literary dialect of the Welsh' and the medieval prose and verse of South Wales (49), Welsh poetic metres called ' traethodyn milwr', 'traethodyn cwtta', and 'traethodyn chweban' (52), Merfyn Gwawdrych, 9th cent., and his contemporaries (61), the poet Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys, ? early 17th cent. (69), 'cynghanedd' and the Welsh strict poetic metres with references to an 'eisteddfod' in the time of Ifor ab Ifor of Maeshaleg, a bardic assembly at the monastery of Penrys [co. Glamorgan], temp. Edward IV, when Gwilym Tew exhibited an 'awdl', etc. (77- 8), white blackbirds and sparrows seen at Landough and wild canaries at Lantwit [co. Glamorgan] (98), the relinquishment or retention of ancient arts by nations in proportion to their progress (104), Siôn Rhydderch and his Welsh grammar [Grammadeg Cymraeg, 1728] (119), the use of the prefixes an- and di- in Welsh (133), 'Tair Cynghanedd Anianol' (150 ), 'Cynghanedd ewinog' (151), the use of various rhymes and 'cynganeddion' in Welsh (152), bardic 'cadeiriau' of or at Llanfihangel Glyn Afan, 1355, Llangynwyd, 1452, Y Wenar, 1462, and Tir Iarll, 1488 (159), the two sounds of the letter Y in Welsh (160), the bardic 'Cadair Tir Iarll' (185), the construction of 'Coelbren y Beirdd' (242), the bard Owain ap Rhydderch, late 15th cent. (273), and manifestations or representations of God (290- 91); transcripts of Welsh poems or stanzas of Welsh poems or extracts therefrom attributed to Llelo Llantrisaint sef Llywelyn ap Hywel ap Ieuan ap Gronw (23), [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (50, 68, 82, 87, 217), ? Twm ab Ifan ab Rhys (69), Llawdden (129-30), Wm. Moses (149), Taliesin (240, 242), Thos. Daf. Miles (266), Syr Roger Cyffin 'offeiriad Llanberis' (267), and Risiart Fychan 'o Gors y Gedol' (268); transcripts of unattributed Welsh poems including stanzas of hymn-tunes (23-4, 30, 34, 45, 51, 104, 115, 116, 121, 128, 1311, 148, 175, 191, 213, 232-3, 234, 274 + 283, 278-80); transcripts of English poems (107, 197, 212, 261, 284 + 273); miscellaneous Welsh triads (33, 172, 206, 247); short lists of Welsh proverbs or proverbial sayings (48, 167, 176, 231, 293); a prescription for the cure of rheumatism (50); an anecdote relating to the struggle between Caradawc ab Bran ap Llyr and the Romans, the burning of forests in Britain, and the building by Manawydan fab Llyr of a prison called 'Carchar Oeth ag Anoeth' from the bones of those slain in battle, allegedly extracted from [a manuscript called] the 'Yniales' (65-8; for another copy of the anecdote see NLW MS 13152A above); a prefatory note to an intended collection of proverbs, moral aphorisms, etc., allegedly composed or compiled by Cattwg Ddoeth (73-4); a list of old Welsh musical instruments ('Offerynau Cerdd arwest yr hen Gymry') (80); a transcript of the opening paragraph of an alleged version of 'Gramadeg Einiawn Offeiriad' (83); notes on (a) the situation and extent, and (b) the divisions of the county of Glamorgan being sections 1 and 2 of a projected chapter to be headed 'Geographical State and Circumstances' which presumably would have been Chapter 1 of a work on the said county (91-2); an incomplete list of bardic, literary, and other topics in English and Welsh, e.g. 'Cannons of Etymology', 'Miscellanies relating to Welsh poetry', 'Achau Saint Ynys Prydain', 'MSS. in Jesus College Library', under the superscription 'Collecting Sheets 8vo' (99); a list of nine topics such as 'Diarhebion Morganwg Annosparthus', 'Mangofion Gwynedd 1799', etc. (101); (continued)

A list of thirteen topics, e.g. 'Princes of Southwales', 'Anecdotes of Howel Dda', 'Meddygon Myddfai', etc., headed 'For Mr. Rees, Caermarthen' (105); copies of memorial inscriptions ? in St. Athan parish church (107-08); a list of six rules headed 'Unitarian Discipline' (113); a list of fifteen topics or personal names of a varying nature, e.g. 'Llangyndeyrn Marble at Caerm[arthe]n', 'Donne the Satirist', 'Taly Llycheu Church, D.G.' (114); a list of eight 'Ysgriflyfrau gan Iolo Morganwg 1800' (127); a list of Welsh proverbial sayings or advisory precepts some in verse form and some attributed to Cattwg Ddoeth (141, 144-6); a list of the names of six series of Welsh triads (147); a list of the names of thirteen persons headed 'Selfeducated persons in Glamorgan Vale' and a second list containing the names of eight persons headed 'Glamorgan Mountains' the persons named in this list apparently belonging to the same category as those in the first list (158); a list of eight topics or items, e.g. 'Llythyrau Dafydd o'r Nant', 'Rheolau Tudur Aled', etc., which were to be included in an unspecified work (164); brief genealogical data relating to the family of Einiawn Offeiriad (171); a list of Welsh 'Enwau Llefydd' ( 172); brief incomplete notes relating to the development of Welsh literature headed 'English Preface to Cyfrinach y Beirdd' (214); an explanatory note on 'cynghanedd groes' in the form of question and answer between pupil and master (251-2); a draft of a memorial and remonstrance to the members of, and subscribers to, the 'Fund of the South Wales Unitarian Society for the Diffusion of Christian Knowledge' expressing concern at irregularities in the conduct of the society (265 + 260); patterns or examples of metres and metric lines headed 'Specimens of Welsh Lyrics and Verse' (262); a list of the names of six Welsh bards, 1650-80, to refute L[ewis] Morys's assertion that no good 'cywydd' had been written since the reign of Elizabeth (267); brief notes on the activities of [John] Poyer and [Rowland] Laugharne in the Civil War in South Wales and a list of English sovereigns, 1603-1760 (269); ? observations on a proposed 'Essay on the Ancient Welsh Literature', etc. (271); synopses of the contents of ? six chapters of a proposed 'Collection for a New History of Wales from Ancient Welsh MSS.' ('On the Origin of the Cimbri', 'Principles of Ancient British Government', 'The Ancient Institution of the Bards', etc.) (272); music for an unspecified air (296); and notes and a sketch relating to a plan of a 'meeting house, octagonal or circular' (298). Some of the notes, etc., have been written on the verso or in the margins of a copy of a printed notice by White and Barnards, Barge Masters, advertising their services, 1800 (100), a copy of a printed notice issued by the Caslon Letter Foundry, London, advertising their preparedness to provide printing types and materials (123), imperfect copies of a printed leaflet, 1797, announcing an 'eisteddfod' to be held under the patronage of the Gwyneddigion Society in 1798 (142-3, 204-05), a copy of printed proposals, 1811, for a new edition of 'The History of Wales written originally in Welsh by Caradoc of Llancarvan translated into English by Dr. Powell and augmented by W. Wynne' (194 + 191), 'An Exemplification of Masons' Work done for Robert Jones, Esqr., of Fonmon Castle . . . Burton Causway by William Baker, Mason, 1813 and 18[14] as attested by Thos. Raecliff and Edward Williams in 1814 (198-9, 210-11), a ? holograph letter from R. Evans from Cowbridge to . . ., undated (personal) (220-21), an account for goods purchased by E. Williams [? 'Iolo Morganwg'] from James Bradley, chemist, Cowbridge, in 1816 (226 + 239), a printed calendar of prisoners in ? Cardiff Gaol, ? 1803 (227 + 238), a copy of printed proposals for publishing George Dyer's Memoirs of the Life and Writings of . . . Robert Robinson of Chesterton (234 + 231), and a ? holograph note from Thomas William to Edward Williams [? 'Iolo Morganwg'], 1814, informing him that Christopher ? James wished to see him (259 + 266).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume containing miscellaneous notes, jottings, etc., of an extremely varied nature in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Included, pagination in brackets, are small groups or short lists of Welsh words sometimes with English definitions and sometimes with illustrative extracts from the works of Welsh poets, grammatical notes, etc. (41-2, 51, 55, 63-4, 72, 85-6, 89-93 99, 163-6, 168, 171-3, 178); transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Iorwerth ab Sierlyn 'uwch benn Bedd Siôn Ceiriog . . . 1792' (54) and Huw Llwyd Cynfel (187); extracts consisting of single stanzas, couplets, or even single lines from the works of the Welsh poets D[afydd] ab G[wily]m, W[ilia]m Cynwal, Gruff. ab . . . ab Tudur, Lewys Morys, Edm[wn]d Prys, and [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (38-41), Gwalchmai (48), Wm. Midd[leto]n (49), Thos. Prys of P[las] Iolyn (50), Howel ab Owain Gwynedd (52-3), Iolo Goch or Gruff. Llwyd ab Daf ab Einion (63), Llen. Moel y Pantri, Tudur Aled, and Guttun Owain (to illustrate specific words) (85-6), ? Thos. Redwood (93), and Teilo Sant (95); transcripts of English verse including anonymous stanzas (41), four stanzas with the superscription 'Question in Arithmetic from the Welsh' ( 87), an epitaph by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (95), and a stanza again by 'Iolo Morganwg' (187); miscellaneous items including a list of six principles headed 'requisites of Language by Ed. Wms.' (17), notes relating to bardic ceremonial (20), two bardic triads (38), notes relating to the division of a community into four classes, viz. grand jurors, jurors, private citizens, and subjects, and their roles in government (45- 6), notes relating to mottoes and titles of bardic 'gorseddau' (56-9), a note on metempsychosis (60), a list of twenty books and authors with a note written sideways in the margin 'Books and Authorities for the History of the Bards' (73), brief notes referring to old inscriptions [in Britain], the features called Caer y Vynwent and Maen y chwyfan in co. Flint, the administration of the Isle of Man, and the Picts (77-80), a brief note relating to medieval North Wales prose (86), notes headed 'August 30th 1808' containing brief topographical, agricultural, etc. memoranda referring to places called Bryn y Menyn [on] Coettre Hen Estate, Cefn Hirgoed, and Hirwaen [? co. Glamorgan] (90), a brief note relating to 'chware cnau mewn Ilaw Morganwg' (93), lists of subject or chapter headings for a ? four - volume work to be divided into 'Volume of Welsh Tracts Translated', 'Historical Volume', 'Vol. III. Barddoniaeth amrafaelion oesoedd a Thestunau', and 'Volume IV' (no headings but to contain sections on, or relating to, 'Meddygon Myddfai', 'Cato Gymraeg', 'Trin Perllanau', 'Hen arddoriaeth', etc.) (94), a brief note on influences on North Walian and South Walian poetry (95), a note on the number of letters in the ? Welsh alphabet at various times (96), a Welsh bardic triad (96), a short list of Welsh proverbs (97), a note referring to the state of the Welsh language and the language of the Normans at the time of the Norman settlement in Wales, the adoption of Welsh by Norman authors such as, allegedly, Robert, earl of Glo[uceste]r, Walter de Mapes, Robert, duke of Normandy, etc. (98), a list of various taxes or fees, e.g. churchwardens' rate, fees for notices to quit, charges for parish register certificates, etc. (100), brief notes relating to the functions of the 'Penrhaith, the most ancient Title of sovereignty in Britain, i.e. Chief or Foreman of the Rhaith or Senatorial Assembly', the lesser officials called 'pencenedl', the assembly called 'Rhaith Gwlad', etc., references to the allegedly false views of the seventeenth century antiquary Robert Vaughan of Hengwrt on these matters in his book British Antiquities Revived, and more general remarks on 'monokingism' and what is termed 'natural Government, not hereditary, not elective' (101-07), a brief note relating to 'corfannau' ( 110), notes referring to scripts of ancient inscriptions headed 'Saxon Characters' (111-112), a note relating to 'Englynion byrron' and 'Englynion hirion' in Glamorgan and the defining of certain types of 'odlau' by . . . Swrdwal (113), a note relating to the word 'rhath' and to the village and church of Rhath near Cardiff (120), statistics relating to the religions of the world 'From Malte Brun's System of Universal Geography, Paris, 1816' (125), a list of various bardic 'cylymau' headed 'Cwlm Eisteddfod, cwlm gorsedd' (166), a note headed 'Sapiential and Satyrical Triades' (167), a list of ten subject or chapter headings under the general superscription 'Collections for a History of the Ancient British Bards and Druids' (169-70), three lists of Welsh historico-literary material and / or authors under the headings (1) 'Oldest Documents', (2) 'Northwalian Grammars', and (3) 'Southwalian recent' (170), a note containing generalisations concerning the Welsh language (179-80), and other miscellanea; extracts from a variety of printed sources including [Henry Home] Lord Kaimes: Elements of Criticism, [John] Lempriere: A Classical Dictionary, [Paul Henri] Mallet: Northern Antiquities, Monthly Review, Month[ly] Mag[axine], The Edinburgh Review, The Critical Review, Courier, and Thomas Langley: [An Abridgement of the Notable Worke of] Polidore Vergile; etc.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume containing miscellaneous lists, notes, jottings, etc., of a very varied nature in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). Included are pp. 1-22, miscellaneous extracts allegedly from a manuscript in the hand of Siôn Bradford (extracts - single words or lines, couplets, stanzas, etc. - from the works of Welsh bards, occasional annotations by Siôn Bradford, an anecdote relating to a bard named Ieuan ap y Diwlith, notes relating to fifteen strict poetic metres in a system described by Antoni Pywel, 'englynion' attributed to Siôn Bradford himself ); 38, a brief note on the colour of bardic robes; 39, lists of 'graddau cenhedlaeth hyd y nawfed ach'; 41-4, notes relating to the introduction of 'a new musical system or theory into Wales' possibly from Ireland in the time of Gruffudd ap Cynan including a comment to the effect that no musical instrument was mentioned by Welsh bards circa 1080-1280; 45-6, 181- 4, 247-51, notes on the word 'Cimmeri' and its variants as a national appelative and the formation of the language of the said people; 51-2, brief notes on steel making; 53-4, notes ? relating to the Glamorgan system of Welsh metrics; 55-6, a list of bards headed 'Llyma enwau Beirdd Cadeirogion Tir Iarll amser yr ymryson a fu ryngddynt am farwnad Ieuan a Hywel Swrdwal', and a note relating to 'Cadair Tir Iarll'; 59, a note relating to Gruff. ap Cynan's flight to, and return from, Ireland; 60, triads relating to 'cerdd deuluaidd' or 'cerdd arwest'; 61-3, notes on an 'eisteddfod' organised by Gruff. ab Nicolas at Carmarthen [circa 1450], the part played by D[afydd] ab Edmwnd, the reluctance of the bards of Morgannwg to accept the rules, etc., devised by Dafydd ab Edmwnd, the research undertaken by the said bards into the bardic system, rules, etc.; 66-9, statistics relating to the population of Wales (N.D.) with comments on the English element in Pembrokeshire and Gower, co. Glamorgan, and the English influence on the Welsh border; 70-71, a note on the 'Scaldic School' of poets in Wales; 81 + 93, notes on the words 'Llysdanc' i.e. ' juridical peace', and 'cyfallwy'; 97, a note on Rhobert, iarll Caerloyw (earl of Gloucester), his acquisition of Tir Iarll, and his organising of the bardic order, with mention of the poets Rhys Goch ap Rhiccert (temp. Robert), Ieuan fawr ap y Diwlith, and Trahaearn Brydydd mawr; 101-03, notes on Davydd ap Gwilym more particularly chronological; 105-07, notes relating to an 'eisteddfod' held at Glynn Achlach in Ireland [temp. Gruffudd ap Cynan], an opinion on the alleged connection between the said Gruffudd, Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, Rhys ap Tewdwr, and Gruffudd ap Rhys successively and the formulating of regulations for the Welsh bardic order, and a comment on the probability of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn 'having instituted some Regulations respecting Pedigrees and Land rights' and of Gruffudd ap Cynan having 'introduced Irish or Scaldic music and rules of good order amongst Musicians into North Wales'; 111, a list of place-names containing the element Bangor; 138-9, notes relating to 'Cadeiriau ag Eisteddfodau wrth gerdd dafod' ('Cadair Tir Iarll', 'cadair ym Marchwiail', 'eisteddfodau' at Caerfyrddin and Caerwys, 13th-16th cent.); 140, a note on the poet Gwilym Tew; 141-8, notes on 'eisteddfodau' held at Caerfyrddin in 1451 and N.D., and decisions taken relating to the bardic order and 'cerdd dafawd'; 149-51, genealogical data relating to Iestin ab Gwrgan, lord of Morgannwg; 152 + 157, a brief chronicle of historical and pseudo- historical events in Britain, 1300 B.C. - 230 A.D.; 156, an anecdote relating to Gwaithfoed, lord of Cibion and Ceredigion, and the Saxon king Edgar; 158-9, notes relating to Welsh strict metres referring to 'Cwlm Cadair Caerfyrddin' based upon metrical systems arranged by Gwilym Tew, Dafydd ap Edmwnd, and Llawdden; 165, transcripts of five 'englynion' attributed to Dafydd Benwyn; 167, notes on Owain ap Cadwgan and his son Einion, temp. Henry I; 171-2, notes on Thomas Jones of Tregaron ('Twm Siôn Catti'); 178-9, an anecdote relating to the bard Siôn Cent; 185, notes headed 'Origin of letters in Britain'; 187, a note relating to derivative and compound words in Welsh; 188, a list of fourteen ? rules under the heading 'Theophilanthropists of Wales or Berean Society'; 189, a note on an 'eisteddfod' held by Rys ap Tewdwr at Castell Nedd in 1080; 213, a short list of Glam[organ] proverbs and idioms; 230, a note on 'Hopcin ap Thomas ap Einion Hen a elwir Einion Offeiriad' and the said 'Einion Hen'; 233-41, extracts from [Joseph Robertson:] An Essay on Punctuation (1785); 243-6, transcripts of seven stanzas of English religious verse, an English prayer, and the music of two psalm tunes; 253, an extract from a 'cywydd' attributed to R[hys] G[och] Eryri, and a list of words headed 'Geiriau Gofram yr Alban Eilir, 1815'; 254-61, lists of words and other extracts from Henry Perri [: Eglvryn Phraethineb sebh dosparth ar] Retoreg [ Lhundain, 1595], and other poetic extracts; 262-3, a copy of a 'Sonnet on the prospect of Vaucluse from Petrarch' and an epitaph on an infant by Edwd. Williams, and a list of 'Places to enquire where they are'; 269-74, miscellaneous poetic extracts to illustrate specific words such as 'barddas', 'gwyddfa', etc., and lists headed 'Pumwydd Celfyddyd' and 'Naw Cynneddf Doethineb'; 275, a brief note on the practice of planting trees at crossroads in Glamorganshire; 277-9, a description of the method of swearing the bardic oath; 281-2, a list of the names by which God is known in Welsh with English definitions; 284-5, brief notes relating to the poet Llywelyn Llogell Rhison and his two brothers of Marchwiail [co. Denbigh], and the poet Mab Claf ab Llywarch, with a reference to the attribution of 'Englynion Eiry Mynydd' to the said Llywelyn and Mab Claf; 286, notes on the written version of the tale 'Hanes Taliesin'; 291-2, a list of 'Prif gyfoethau Gwlad Gymru', (continued)

298-300, an extract from the Saxon Chronicle with an English translation; 302, a comment on adverse opinions concerning the antiquity of 'Glam[organ] bardism and its concommitant literature'; 303, notes relating to the bardic 'chair of Glamorgan in Tir Iarll', 'Cadair Taliesin', and 'Cadair Urien'; 304-06, notes headed 'Llyma ddosparth yr awgrym' with lists of numerals headed 'Llyma lafariaith awgrym herwydd a'i dangosir dan a[r]wyddon rhif sathredig y cenedloedd . . .' (see J. Williams ab Ithel: Barddas . . ., vol. I, pp. 98-103); 309, a copy of the civil marriage vow of the time of Oliver Cromwell in Welsh; 311-12, a note on Gruffudd ap Cynan's institution of ? triennial 'eisteddfodau' at Aberffraw and of rules for the bardic fraternity; 316, a biographical note on the Bradford family of Tir Iarll or Bettws [co. Glamorgan]; 319, a note on 'cynghanedd' prior to the time of Gruffudd ap Cynan; 324, a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Lewys Mon; 325-6, three triads headed 'Bardic Theology'; 329-30, eight triads headed 'Trioedd amrafaelion'; 335-6, a transcript of six stanzas of Welsh verse attributed to Rhobert, tywysog Norddmandi; 340, notes on the means adopted by Welsh bards to earn a living, circa 1500-1680; 341, six triads headed 'Trioedd Iaith ag Ymadrodd'; 344-8, notes on the development of alliteration in Welsh poetry and the 'rules of . . . the Scaldic School of Welsh versification'; 357-8, a few bardic triads; 374-5, notes relating to various bardic 'chairs'; 379, questions and answers relating to 'Pair Ogrwen', 'Cariadwen', and 'Pair Dadeni'; 387, a short list of four triads; 390-91, notes relating to 'chware hud a Iledrith' of Math ap Mathonwy; 397-9, 402-03, lists of proverbial or idiomatic expressions in Welsh; 407-11, a list of thirty triads headed 'Llyma'r Trioedd a ddatcanodd Iolo Morganwg yng Ngorsedd Beirdd Ynys Prydain ar Frynn Dinorweg yn Arfon, Alban Elfed 1799'; 411-20, notes relating to ? bardic ceremonial and the duties of bards, and seven triads headed 'Llyma Drioedd cynghlo Cadair a Gorsedd'; 421-2, a list of Welsh phrases with English equivalents headed 'Address of letters - salutations in Glamorgan'; 442-3, a list of rules headed 'Rules to know when two languages have had the same word from remote antiquity which may claim it as originally its own'; 445-6, brief notes relating to the early bishops of Bangor, and Ylldud farchog and Eilifri, his mother; 447, transcripts of two 'englynion' attributed to Huw Cornwy and Huw Llwyd Cynfel; 447-8, notes on a ruin called Myrddin Taliesin on the banks of Llynn Geirionydd [co. Caernarvon]; 449, notes headed 'Pedwar Cerddawr Graddawl'; 450-51, an anecdote relating how [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' nearly lost his life through sleeping near a lime kiln at Llanelltyd [co. Merioneth] in June 1799; 452-7, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Siôn Philip, Edmund Prys, Huw Ednyfed, Lewis Môn, Tudur Aled, Owain Ifan, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, Rhys Tyganwy, Huw Llwyd Cynfel, and Gruffudd Philip, and other poetic extracts; 472 + 475, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Richard Philip and Gruff. Hiraethog; 479, notes headed 'Edward Williams's idea of Public worship or Religious instruction rather'; 481-5, notes referring to Welsh literature in the late medieval period after the Edwardian conquest and, in connection therewith, the development of alliteration, the production of triplet verse and prose triads, the triads and verses of Llewelyn Llogell Rhison of Marchwiail, and the works of Hopcin Thomas ap Einion in South Wales, references to the existence of 'triades, triplet verses, etc., of very great antiquity', and to Druidic, Scaldic, Norman, Roman, and Saxon influences ? on literature, and a note on the lasting effects of the Edwardian conquest on political and religious attitudes in North Wales; 506, lists of 'flowering shrubs', 'native flowers rare', and 'evergreens' in Glamorgan; etc. Interspersed amongst the above items throughout the volume are lists or groups of Welsh words, notes on Welsh words, etymological notes, genealogical data, miscellaneous extracts from a variety of printed sources, and other miscellaneous items.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

A volume containing miscellaneous notes, jottings, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents include, pagination in brackets, notes relating to William de Brewis [13th cent.], the chaplaincy of Thirlesbury Martin in the parish of Lantwit [co. Glamorgan], and the formation of the parish of Eglwys Brewis from this chaplaincy (15-16); a reference to the conquest of the lordship of Brecon by Bernard Newmarch in 1087, a copy of an inscription on a cross in the parish of Vaenor [co. Brecknock], and a note on a cromlech at Ty Illtud in the parish of Llanhammwlch (sic) [co. Brecknock] [extracted from William Camden's Brittania] (16-17); notes, historical and geographical, relating to Glamorgan including extracts from Camden's Britannia (18-27); copies of two memorial inscriptions in Clyrow churchyard, co. Radnor, one recording an age of 219, with a comment [by Edward Williams] relating to this (28); an anecdote relating to an attack by Edgar, King of London ('Brenin Llundain'), upon Morgan Mawr in Morgannwg (31 + 34); a genealogy tracing the descent of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn in direct line from Eneas Ysgwyddwyn (35- 6); genealogical and other data relating to Llywelyn Bren, Senghenydd, Lewysaid (sic) y Fann [co. Glamorgan], Llywelyn Bren ieuanc, Lewys Rhaglan ' o Lys y Vronydd', the Gawntlo family of Tregawntlo [co. Glamorgan], and Iestin ap Gwrgan (36-40); a sketch plan of, and a brief note on, 'Gallt Cawrdaf. An[cien]t Monastery', a note on a measure called Miskyn Measure, notes on the site of the 'old church' and on the 'present parish church' at Marcross [co. Glamorgan], and notes relating to land called Nash orchards and land adjacent to it in Nash [co. Glamorgan] (43-5); a note relating to relations between Edgar [king of England] and Morgan Hen [of Morgannwg] circa 967, and the alliance between Iestin ab Gwrgan and the Danes and Irish, late 11th cent. (58); a chronicle of events in Welsh history but relating mainly to South Wales, late 10th-11th cent. (59-71); brief notes relating to events in the reigns of Edward II and Edward III based upon Froissart's Chronicles (75-7); (continued)

Genealogical notes relating to the Gamage family up to the second half of the sixteenth century 'Ex Harl. Lib. No. 368' (85-6); a list of fifteen subject or chapter headings relating to Welsh poetry headed 'Topics for the History of the Bards' (91); a further list of eighteen subject or chapter headings relating to Welsh literature, bardism, music, etc. (92); miscellanea including a medicinal recipe extracted from the Monthly Review, a list of ecumenical councils, 314-551 [A.D.], specifications and a sketch relating to a settee or couch with drawers and a book shelf, etc. (93-6); a list of places in co. Glamorgan where fairs were held noting the main items sold (97-9); brief notes relating to John Hopkins of Neath 'the versifier of the psalms, died 1541', and his ancestor Hopkin Thomas, fl. 1350, who 'wrote the Greal' ( 100); notes on meteorological predictions made by the Prelate Luders of Glucksburg in 1785 and his theories re the influence on climate of ice floes floating down from northern seas (101-02); a list of nine subject or chapter headings relating to Welsh literature, bardism, language, etc., headed 'History of the Bards' (103); miscellanea including eight lines of English verse translated from Welsh by E[dward] Williams, a brief note on tradition by Edward Williams, brief notes relating to sheep and cattle in Glamorgan, genealogies of the bard Taliesin and an anecdote relating to him, etc. (104-08); a brief list of Welsh words with observations on Welsh polysyllabic words whose roots are unknown (122); lists of proverbs, proverbial expressions, and rhyming proverbial couplets, some connected expressly with Glamorgan, a list of nine Welsh words with notes on most, formulae of 'common cries', examples of crude set 'question and answer' pieces, etc. (123-32); notes relating to the sense of apartness of the people of Glamorgan and Monmouth as opposed to the rest of Wales, traces of the Silurian dialect of Welsh in Anglesea and its use by the 'Northwalian Bards of the middle ages' whose 'poetic dialect' was ' demonstratively founded on the Silurian', etc. (133-5); a list of personal ' names . . . still very common in Glam. & Monm.' (136); a further list of Welsh proverbs or proverbial expressions (136-8); geological notes relating to ? the coast of Glamorgan (138); extracts from [John Shore, Baron] Teignmouth: [Memoirs of the] Life . . . of Sir William Jones [philologist and jurist, 1746-94], and a quotation from [ ] Diderot (139- 41); a list of Welsh names of ? villages, farms, etc., and a brief note on Rhys Ddu, temp. Owen Glyndwr (144-6); incomplete notes with the superscription 'Some Account of the Ancient Town of Lantwit Major (Wallice Llanulltud fawr) in the County of Glamorgan' recounting legends concerning Saint Illtud and his monastery and school (147-60); incomplete notes relating to the divisions of Gwlad Forgan in the time of Iestin ab Gwrgan [ late 11th cent.], conflicts between Morgannwg and Deheubarth previous to the time of Iestin, Rhys ap Tewdwr's seizure of the lands of Einon ab Collwyn [late 11th cent.], etc. (163-5); brief notes relating to the history of the Welsh strict-metre poetic system (171-2); brief notes relating to Ewenny Abbey and Ewenny village (173); transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Llywelyn ab Ifan 'o'r Rhaglan', John David Rhys, Morgan Llywelyn 'o Gastell Nedd', Rhys Morgan 'Pencraig Nedd', and Edward Efan, 'cywyddau' attributed to Lewis Hopcin, a stanza attributed to Wil. Hopcin, and a stanza of unattributed verse (175-86); notes relating to the fifteenth century poet Llawdden or Ieuan Llawdden, his compendium of Welsh bardic laws and arrangement of Welsh strict poetic metres approved at a session of bards held at Caermarthen in 1451 and ratified and confirmed at a second such session of bards also held at Caermarthen in 1460 or 1461, the protest made by Glamorgan bards against these, their researches concerning the bardic laws and institutes, the systematic arrangement of the results of these researches by Gwilym Tew, Lewys Morganwg, and Llen. Siôn 'o Langewydd' successively, and an assembly of Glamorgan bards held at Beaupre Castle circa 1670 for the purpose of 'reviving or recognizing' the ancient institutes, etc. (187-90); reflections concerning the probable origin of the 'gwyddoniaid', the wise men or teachers of the ancient Cymmry, the growth of this body into a more formal system or institution, and its role as 'Parent of the Bardic or Druidic Instit[ut]ion' (190-94); (continued)

Extracts from the poems of Cynddelw referring to 'Derwyddon' (194); notes relating to an assembly held at Caerllion ar wysg under King Arthur to promulgate laws, to the arrangement of the Welsh strict poetic metres, and to the five basic elements (200-01); notes on a few Welsh words with illustrative excerpts from poems (202); a reference to 'Llyfr Cyfarwyddyd ar achoedd o waith Ieuan Brechfa' with the lineage of the said Ieuan Brechfa, a list headed 'Llyma enwau y nawnyn a diriwys yn gyntaf yn fforest Glyn Cothi', and other miscellanea (203-04); a list of twenty-four knights at King Arthur's court divided into eight groups of three, each group possessing particular attributes (205-07); extracts from Welsh poems attributed to, or single stanzas or 'englynion' attributed to Edmund Prys, Siôn Philip, 'N'., Iaco ab Dewi, Thos. Ll'n 'o Regoes', and Ll'n Thomas (208-11); an anecdote relating to the composition by Rhisiart ab Iorwerth Fynglwyd of an 'englyn' containing the names of several objects referred to in a conversation at an 'eisteddfod' (212); copies of the memorial inscriptions on the tombstones of the Reverend Samuel Jones, Bryn Llywarch, ob. 1697, and his wife, ob. 1676, in Llangynwyd churchyard [co. Glamorgan], and a stanza of Welsh verse by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (213-14, 241-2); a transcript of eight stanzas containing Welsh triads in verse form attributed to Iolo Pen y Lan (215-16); a version of the Welsh prose tale 'Hwedl Rhitta Gawr' (217-20); the title and first words of another prose tale, viz. 'Hwedl fel y llosgwys Cenfigen ei pherchen' (221) followed by fifteen blank pages obviously intended for a copy of this and possibly other similar tales; a transcript of a five-stanza poem entitled 'Syrthiad y Dail' attributed to Thomas Glyn Cothi (238-9); notes headed 'The antiquities of Lantwit Major, Corn. Glamorgan' relating to Saint Illtud, the monastic church founded at Llanilltud, and the early abbots of that church, and attributed to David Nicholls, 1729 (243-55; see also NLW MS 13153A above and references there to NLW MSS 13114B, 13116B); extracts from [Thomas] Carte [: A General] History of England [vol. I, pp. 185-6] relating to St. Germain's mission to Britain in 448, his founding of schools under Dubricius and Iltutus, and the influence of these schools ( 256-61); brief notes referring to Paulinus, Dubricius, and Iltutus, and an anecdote relating to Edgar, king of England, stealing the bell of Lantwit Church in 975 A.D. (261-3); extracts from [John] Leland's Itinerary relating to the 'West Thawan' area of Glamorganshire including Llan Iltuit ( 264-5); notes allegedly from Welsh manuscript sources relating to St. Iltutus and his monastery and school at Llanilltud (266-70); notes relating to the town and parish of Lantwit [Major] referring to a tradition concerning a charter drawn up in the time of William, earl of Pembroke [1551-70], 'for the incorporation of Lantwit', a quay at Cohugh and additions to the town hall built by the said earl, a custom whereby newly-married couples dined in the town hall on their wedding day, rooms under the town hall, the county gaol nearby, the town hall itself, the houses in the town, the soil in the parish, the corn grown, the sheep and cattle reared, the brooks and the river Colhugh, the sea shore, the shell and other fish to be found, the limestone of the cliffs and rocks, etc. (270-80); a further note on 'Illtud Sant . . . a wnaeth Fangor deg a Bangor Illtud ai gelwid' (281); notes referring to Germanus's mission to Britain and the schools and pupils of Dubricius and Iltutus ? 'From Goadby's History of England printed at Sherborn, 1752' (283-5); an incomplete note on Dubricius from 'Sir Harry Spelman . . . in his Councils' (285); notes on traditions relating to sixteenth and seventeenth century non-conformity in Wales, more particularly south-east Wales, with (a) references to the influence or activities of Siôn Penri, W[illia]m Erbri, vicar of the parish of St. Mary's, Cardiff, Syr Hywel Ychan, curate at Y Rhath (Roath) under William Erbri, and Thos. Llewelyn 'o Regoes' [co. Glamorgan], (b) mention of the last named's congregations at Rhegoes, Llangyfelach, and Llanfabon, his translations of sections of the English Bible into Welsh, his licence from Archbishop Grindal to preach in Welsh, and his alleged correspondence with the 'hen ficcar o Landdyfri' [Rhys Prichard], and (c) comments on the ideas of the aforementioned persons and others with regard to infant or adult baptism and forms of church government incorporating a suggestion [by Edward Williams himself] that contemporary Methodists would eventually find it necessary to secede from the Anglican Church (299-309; for comments on the data relating to Thos. Llewelyn see TLLM, tt. 127-8); (continued)

A note relating to a sixteenth/seventeenth century dissenting congregation at Blaen Cannaid [co. Glamorgan], its 'classification' as presbyterian or baptist, the part played in its history by Thos. Llewelyn 'o Regoes' and Hywel Lewys and possibly [John] Penri and [William] Erbri with a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to the said Hywel Lewys (310-11; see James and Evans: op. cit., pp. 219-20); a note on a tradition relating to the opinions of the aforementioned [William] Erburi and of Walter Cradog concerning baptism (312; see James and Evans: op. cit., p. 220); transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Iolo Goch and Daf[ydd] ab Gwilym ( 315-17); notes headed 'Coffadwriaeth am Feirdd a Phrydyddion . . .' containing anecdotes relating to 'eisteddfodau' held at Gwern y Cleppa, y Ddol Goch yn Emlyn and Marchwiail . . . yin Mhowys', ? all temp. Edward III, and referring to the poets Dafydd ap Gwilym, the three brothers Llywelyn, Ednyfed, and Madoc ap Gruffudd of Marchwiail, Siôn y Cent, Rhys Goch o Eryri, Iolo Goch, and Llywelyn ap Gwilym (319-20); a note relating mainly to the examination of the Welsh musical measures and the various grades of musicians at the first 'eisteddfod' held at Caerwys [co. Flint] (321); a note relating to the poetic form known as 'cerdd arwest' or 'cerdd deuluaidd' (322); a copy of a 'Prospectus of Y Bardd Teulu neu Dywenydd Morganwg, a Quarterly Welsh Magazine to be printed at Merthyr Tydvil' describing topics to be included, giving indications as to editorial policy, etc. (329-32; see NLW MS 13089E above and the references noted there); notes relating to the poet Bedo Brwynllys, mid 15th cent., a collection of the poems of Dafydd ap Gwilym made by the said Bedo, a ? copy of this collection formerly in the library at Raglan Castle which had been destroyed in the time of Oliver Cromwell ('the largest and most valuable [library] in Wales at the time it was formed . . . the largest collections of Welsh Manuscripts that ever were made'), two other copies of Bedo Brwynllys's collection surviving in South Wales, the Herberts of Raglan's patronage of Welsh literature, Sir William Herbert's connection with the printing of Gruffydd Roberts's Welsh grammar in 1540, the publication of Dafydd ap Gwilym's work 'about 20 years ago . . . at the expence of Owen Jones' [Barddoniaeth Dafydd ab Gwilym, Llundain, 1789], the printing of this volume 'chiefly' from North Wales manuscripts which were inferior to those preserved in South Wales, Dr. [John] Davies [of Mallwyd]'s opinion of the language of Dafydd ap Gwilym's poetry, the formation of the 'modern [Welsh] literary dialect . . . chiefly . . . from the language of this bard' (333-5); notes defining the poetic terms 'gwasgargerdd', 'deifregdawd', and 'gosteg [o englynion]' (341); a list of the mottoes ('gair cysswyn') of various bardic chairs (342-3); a note relating to a ceremony to re-establish a bardic 'cadair wrth gerdd dafod' held in Castell Nedd and the quarrel that occurred there between Rhys ap Tewdwr and Iestin [ap Gwrgan] (343-4; marginal note in the hand of [Taliesin] ab Iolo); further notes relating to the quarrel and fighting between Rhys ab Tewdwr and Iestyn ab Gwrgan (345-7); a brief note on the poetic form 'cerdd arwest' (349); and notes relating to the ignorance concerning the Welsh bardic craft prevalent in the time of Syr Gruff. ap Nicolas, the attempts by Dafydd ap Edmwnt and Guttyn Owam after the second [Carmarthen] 'eisteddfod' to name the Welsh strict metres ('rhoi enwau ar y mesurau'), the ensuing controversy between the bards of Morgannwg and those of Gwynedd, the arrangement of the twenty-four [strict] metres by Guttyn Owain, the acceptance of this system in North Wales, knowledge of this system in South Wales through the medium of Siôn Daf[ydd] Rhys's grammar, a manuscript work [on the Welsh bardic metres and system] compiled by Ll[ywely]n Siôn then in the writer's [i.e. Edward Williams's] possession, his showing of this manuscript to Syr Risiart Basset of Bewpyr [co. Glamorgan], Syr Risiart's decision to call a bardic convention, according to the old rites of the Glamorgan bards, in connection therewith, and the boundaries of the bardic Morgannwg (349-52). In one instance notes have been written on the verso of a printed leaflet announcing the printing of Edward Williams's two volumes of English verse entitled Poems Lyric and Pastoral.

Miscellanea,

A composite volume (pp. 1-332; one hundred and sixty-two pages blank) containing miscellaneous notes, lists, extracts, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg'). The contents include pp. 13-15, extracts from the manuscript copies of 'Liber Landavensis' in the 'Library of Mr. Davies of Llannerch' [now NLW MS 17110E] and 'in Coll. Jesu, Oxon.' [Jesus College MS 20], including transcripts of the Welsh version of the privilegium of St. Teilo; 21-5, 29-36, extracts from the English version of [William] Camden['s Britannia] relating to the language of the Gauls, with additional notes by Edward Williams himself (see Edmund Gibson (ed.): Britannia . . ., 2nd ed. (London, 1722), Vol. I, cols. xxii-xxix); 69-76, comments on William Owen [Pughe]'s letter on the Welsh language and the Gwentian dialect published in [William] Coxe: [An Historical Tour in] Monmouthshire . . . [(London, 1801), part II, pp. 405-10]; 87-98, historical notes on Welsh literature; 99, 101-03, brief miscellaneous notes on the Silurian, North Wales, Venedotian, and modern literary dialects of Wales, the use of verse amongst the early Greeks, the Ancient Britons, and the early Scandinavians, the mechanical and other skills of the Ancient Britons, and 'Ancient manners still retained in Wales', and brief extracts from one of the published letters of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu from Adrianople, 1718, relating to certain social customs in Turkey; 127, an extract 'Ex Alit yr Odyn MS.' relating to 'Griffine, the sonne of Conane', and an assembly of musicians convened at Caerwissc; 129- 31, extracts from Giraldus Cambrensis: Descriptio Kambriae, book 1, chapters 3, 12, 13, referring to the genealogies of the princes of Wales, the musical instruments of the Welsh, their bards, etc.; 138, 143-6, 148-9, 151, 153, 178-203, 231-46, 249-69, lists of Welsh words of a specific nature grouped together under descriptive headings ('Enwau Duw', 'Enwau Duw - Barddas', 'Walicized Roman Names', 'Geiriau sathredig yng Ngwent'), lists of Welsh words of a more general nature and of Welsh phrases, mainly poetic or bardic, sometimes with English definitions and/or illustrative excerpts from the works of Welsh poets, miscellaneous etymological and grammatical notes on the Welsh language, etc.; 159-72, lists of Welsh 'wisdom sayings' including lists with the superscriptions 'Llyma eiriae Gwynda Hen', 'Llyma eiriae Selyf dhoeth', 'Llyma gynghorau Catto Ddoeth ag Ystudfach Fardd a'r Bardd Glas o'r Gadair . . .', and 'Llyma Gynghorion y Doethion'; 207-08, notes headed 'Peculiarities of Dr. R[ichar]d Davies New Testament'; 247-9, a list of 'Welsh Agricultural Terms in Glamorgan'; 283- 6, 292-3, notes on Welsh bardic rites and ceremonies; 289-91, notes on Welsh poetic metres headed 'Llyma fal y mae Lewys Morganwg yn son am y mesurau Cerdd Dafawd a'u dosparth yn y Llyfr Cerddwriaeth a wnaeth efe Yr Arglwydd Wiliam Herbert, Iarll Rhaglan'; 311-13, notes on the metrical foot in Welsh verse headed 'Llyma Gorfannau cerdd dafawd'; 314-15, further notes on the same topic headed 'Llyma fal y mae am y Corfannau yn Llyfr Owain ap Rhydderch o Dresigyn'; and 316-21, comments on some of the Welsh strict metres, notes on the type of poem called a 'carol neu ddyrif, a elwid cerdd deuluaidd gan yr hen athrawon', and notes on an assembly of bards convened by King Arthur at Caerleon ('Llyma son am Gadair Arthur o Lyfr Rhys Brydydd o Dir Iarll').

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents include pp. 11- 36, a draft version of the essay 'A short review of the present state of Welsh MSS.' which appeared as a preface to The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales . . ., vol. I (London, 1801), the present version being a much fuller one than that actually published (see also NLW MSS 13089E, 13104B above); 39-57, transcripts of Welsh poems attributed to Rissierdyn, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, and Huw Dafydd; 68-121, a transcript of a sequence of seventy-two 'englynion' ('Englynion y Clyweit') and poems attributed to Meredydd ap Rosser, Rhys Brychan, Dafydd Llwyd Matheu, Ieuan Rhydd, Siencyn Rissiart, In. Risiarts, Siôn Tudur, Wiliam Cynwal, William Llyn, ? Huw Arwystli, Rhisiart Davies, Esgob Mynyw, Robert Gruffudd ab Ifan, Bartholomew Jones, Huw Llyn, Elis ap Rhys ap Edward, R. Hughes 'o Fôn', D[afydd ap] G[wilym], William Elias, [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg', and Gronwy Ddu (or Hopkin ap Thomas ap Einion), miscellaneous extracts, lists of the children of Llywarch Hen, Urien Rheged, etc.; 125, a note on the poet Siôn Cent; 127-8, genealogical notes on the descendants of Rhys ap Tewdwr headed 'Morganiaid Tredegyr'; 129, memoranda ? relating to the parish of St. Mary, Cardiff; 140-41, a transcript of an incomplete English poem described as an 'Old Poem on Glamorgan. English'; 147-8, extracts from Patrick Symson: The Historie of the Church . . . (London, 1634); 150, an incomplete transcript of a 'cywydd' attributed to Wm. Egwad; 153-4, incomplete notes headed 'History of Dunraven Castle'; 165, a list of people who had attained to a considerable age in Glamorganshire; 166, a transcript of a fragment (end portion) of a letter, December 1726, from Edward Gamage, [rector of] St. Athan, which appears to have contained information relating to the Stradling family of St. Donats (see NLW MS 13100B above); 167-8, ? an outline scheme or chapter headings for a proposed 'History of the Lordship of Glamorgan'; 179-80, notes headed 'Bonedd ag Anfonedd' [from Panton MS 63 now NLW MS 2029B]; 180, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to R. Nanmor, Iorwerth Fynglwyd, and Iolo Goch; 181-2, a list headed 'Llyma enwau Celloedd Cor Illtyd'; 184, notes relating to the descent of the Rev. John Williams, Sevenoaks, Kent, circa 1800, from the Cogan family; 185-6, a list of markets and fairs [in co. Glamorgan]; 187, a note relating to the reform of parliamentary representation; 192-3, chapter headings for a proposed 'History of the British Bards'; 194, a list of old castles in co. Glamorgan; 198 + 203, an account between Edward Williams and Thomas Williams relating to the tuition of the former's children Margaret, Ann, and Taliessin, 1796-1803 (verso used for writing notes); 200-01, a list of literary topics headed 'Testunau gwastadol a sefydledig Beirdd Cadair Morganwg a Gwent ac Euas ac Ergin ac Ystrad Yw . . . derbyniedig bob amser a ganer arnynt . . .'; 204, an anecdote relating to a blind man; 204, three stanzas of Welsh verse by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg'; 208-09, a copy of the inscription on the tomb of the Reverend Daniel Walter, master of Cowbridge School, ob. 25 August 1787, and his brother William, ob. 8 October 1789; 220-21, a short French - English - Welsh vocabulary; 223, an 'englyn' by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg'; 227-9, notes relating to Hindustani prosody, etc.; 230, a brief note on Welsh bards and minstrels; 233 + 240, extracts from [Nicholas Owen:] Caernarvonshire, a sketch of its history . . . [London, 1792]; 236-7, a list of 'Barbarisms in Walter Davies' Translation of [Thomas] Gisborne [A Familiar Survey of the Christian Religion . . .]'; 238 + 235, rules of a scheme for collecting subscriptions for a proposed ? emigration, ? 1797; 243-4, a list of titles of ninety-five Welsh poems, mainly 'cywyddau', headed 'Celfyddydau, moesau, ag arferion'; 246-7, descriptive notes on co. Glamorgan; (continued)

249-52, notes on the waste lands ? of Radnorshire with suggestions relating to inclosures; 255-8, notes on the production of wine in Germany with suggestions re vine growing in Britain; 261, a note on three wells in the lordship of Newton Nottage; 263-6, a list of 'Druidical maxims'; 265, a draft title-page for a second edition of Edward Williams: The Fair Pilgrim, a poem translated from Dafydd ap Gwilym; 268, a note on 'Brut y Saeson'; 269-71, medicinal recipes and other extracts from ? the Annual Register; 273-85, 335-8, religious and philosophical notes or observations; 290-92, notes on heraldic terms, etc ., ? from the Encyclopaedia Britannica; 293-4, ? extracts from [Thomas] Maurice: Indian Antiquities; 299-304, notes headed 'Eastern District of the County of Radnor' (topography, soil, the possibility of coal deposits); 312-13, a transcript of a 'cywydd' attributed to Gutto'r Glyn; 318-19, notes headed 'History of the Bards' referring to Ll[ewely]n Siôn's treatise on bardism; 321-2, notes headed 'Llymma Reithiadur Cerdd'; 341, extracts from Esdras II, chapter XIV; 344, notes on 'Trefn yr Albannau'; 348-9, a list of 'remarkable instances of longevity' ? extracted from the General Magazine, September 1789; 352-3 a 'Table of the fifteen Diationick Chords of the system of the antient'; 355, notes on 'Rheol bwrw pris', 'Y Cant hir', the burning of lime ? in Anglesey, etc.; 356, two lists of rules headed 'Hyn a wna wr yn hiroesawg ag yn iachus', and 'a Fyrhaant einioes dyn ac a'i heneiddia'; 357-9 a list headed 'Llyma rai o Gweiriau Cerdd dant'; 360, notes headed 'A Comparison of the pronounciation of the letters in the Welsh or British tongue to the Greek and Hebrew letters'; 361, notes headed 'Gogwyddor i ddallt y pricciad yn Llyfr Robert ap Hugh y Telynior'; 361 (2), extracts from Sion Rhydderch: Grammadeg Cymraeg [1728]; and 368, a few triads, a few Welsh proverbs, a note relating to Lewys Morys, and a note on the 'Wenhwyseg' as the language of Welsh literature to circa 1300. Interspersed amongst the above items are miscellaneous Welsh verse, lists or groups of Welsh words often with English definitions or explanatory notes, grammatical or etymological notes, etc. In one instance notes have been written on the blank sides of an incomplete copy of Herbert Croft's printed proposals, 1792, for publishing an English dictionary based upon that of Samuel Johnson, and in another on the blank verso of a broadsheet containing a copy of a Latin inscription found in the parish of Gelligaer, co. Glamorgan, with a Welsh translation thereof.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers containing notes, transcripts, extracts, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents include pp. 10-18, notes on the royal ancestors of Iestyn ab Gwrgan, lord of Glamorgan, to the time of Morgan Mwynfawr extracted 'o Lyfr Mr. Thos. Trueman o Bantlliwydd' (for the Welsh text see Iolo Manuscripts . . ., pp. 3-11, and for an English translation ibid., pp. 331-56); 21, extracts [from Thomas Carte: A General History of England . . . (London, 1747-1755)]; 22-38, notes on the rulers of Glamorgan from the time of Morgan Mwynfawr to the time of the aforementioned Iestyn ab Gwrgan, the quarrels leading to the conquest of Glamorgan by the Normans under Robert Fitzhamon, the subsequent Norman lords of the territory, and the coming of the Flemings to Glamorgan (for the Welsh text of pp. 22-9 see Iolo Manuscripts . . ., pp. 12-17, and for an English translation ibid., pp. 357-83); 39-40, a brief chronicle of political events, earthquakes, plagues, extreme weather conditions, etc., temp. William I to temp. Edward VI; 41, a short chronicle of events in South Wales, 1030-1079; 42-3, a list of the bishops of Llandaf, 436-1396; 44- 7, miscellaneous topographical and historical notes on Glamorgan; 48-9, notes on Dafydd ap Gwilym; 50-51, 'Hanes y tri Marchog ar ddeg' (an incomplete account of the thirteen Norman knights who conquered Glamorgan); 52-4, miscellaneous historical anecdotes relating mainly to Glamorgan (see Iolo Manuscripts . . ., pp. 64-7, 450-53); 56-60, genealogical and historical notes on the Stradling family, eleventh-seventeenth cent. ('allan o hen lyfr St. Dunwyd gan y Parchedig Mr. Edward Gamage, Periglor St. Athan'); 64-7, a Welsh-English list of species of apples found in Glamorgan and Gwent and of pears ?found in the same region (see IM., tt. 334-8); 68-9, a list of mountains and rivers in Glamorgan; 72-4, further notes on the lordship of Glamorgan and its conquest by the Normans (from British Museum Harleian MS 368; see Cambrian Journal, 1859, pp. 68-71); 78-81, a brief account of the history of Glamorgan from the time of Morgan Mwynfawr to the reign of Henry VIII 'translated from a Welsh MS late in the possession of the Revd. Mr. Gamage, Rector of St. Athan, and now of Mr. John Spen[ ] of the same place'; 82-5, historical anecdotes relating to the lords of Bewper Castle [co. Glamorgan], anecdotes relating to the brothers William and Richard Twrch and the building of the porch and chapel gateway at Bewper, late sixteenth-early seventeenth cent. (see IM, tt. 272-3), a note on Inigo Jones, and notes on Dunraven Castle; 86-95, notes relating to St. Illtud, the monastic church and school at Llanilltud [or Llantwit Major, co. Glamorgan], and the abbots of the said monastery, including extracts from [Thomas] Carte: op. cit., and a manuscript sketch plan of Llantwit Major, ? late eighteenth cent. (see note in IM, t. 316); 95-115, general notes on British history to the second half of the thirteenth cent., including extracts from Carte: op. cit.; 116-23, miscellaneous brief notes on the topography, agriculture, industries, commerce, etc., of Glamorgan, with references to the iron works at Merthyr Tidvil, Aberdare Vale, Newbridge, Pentyrch, and Melin Griffith, the porcelain works at Nantgarw, etc.; 125, extracts from Archaeologia, vol. VI; 126-7, notes on the Voss family more particularly William Voss of St. Athan and Nicolas Vosse of Lantwit (circa 1750) [both of co. Glamorgan], and the latter's books; 128-31, 'Cursory Remarks on reading Camden's account of Glamorgan'; 132-3, copies of extracts from the register of the parish of Lantwit Major [co. Glamorgan] and other data relating to the Vosse family; 134, proposals [by Edward Williams] for publishing a periodical to be called Dywenydd Morganwg (see IM, tt. 214, 363, 387-91); 135, a note on 'Y modd i wneuthur Lloriau da mewn tai' (see IM, t. 363); 136, notes on the village of Llandaff [co. Glamorgan] and the vicinity; 137, anecdotes relating to the poet Dafydd o'r Nant, [the Methodist cleric, the Reverend] Daniel Rowland, and a seventeenth century poet Will Tabwr; 142-3, a ? draft copy of a letter to the clergy of the town and neighbourhood of Cowbridge [co. Glamorgan], suggesting a plan for adding [Bishop Richard Watson's work A Collection of] Theological Tracts [Cambridge, 1785] to a circulating library the writer had established in the town; 146-7, copies of three English poems headed 'Poetical Anecdotes of Glamorgan', one being by Christopher Roberts of St. Athan and ? two by Edward Williams of Lancarvan; 148 and 151, brief notes on the Glamorgan towns, etc., of Caerffily, Merthyr Tidvil, Cowbridge, Bridgend, Lantrisant, Landaff, and Cardiff; 150, a list of the products of Glamorgan which were, or could become, articles of trade and commerce; 154-7, copies of the memorial inscription ? on the tomb of Roger Seys in the church of Lantwit Major, and notes on the Seys family's connection with the Boverton estate [co. Glamorgan]; 158- 69, notes on the topography, agricultural produce and methods, horticulture, etc., of Glamorgan headed 'Remarks on J. Fox's General View of the Agriculture of [the county of] Glamorgan ([London], 1796)', and notes on the pastime known as 'Bandy playing' (see IM, tt. 54-6); 170-76, observations on Newton Down [co. Glamorgan], and on Brandon Hill and Cliffon Hill near Bristol; 181, a report on a survey of the pillars and arches dividing the nave from the south aisle in Cowbridge parish church carried out in 1810 by the churchwardens assisted by Edward Williams ['Iolo Morganwg'] and Taliesin Williams, masons, and David Jenkins, carpenter; 182-3, an incomplete draft or copy of a letter in Welsh addressed to the Protestant dissenters of Glamorgan advising them to vote for [Thomas] Wyndham of Dwnrufan (Dunraven) rather than for his opponent Captain Thomas Windsor in the Glamorgan parliamentary election [? of 1789]; 188, notes on Boverton house [co. Glamorgan]; 192-3, an anecdote relating to Penmark church [co. Glamorgan]; 196-231, a transcript of the section of [John] Leland's Itinerary which deals with Glamorgan; 232-51, miscellanea including an incomplete Welsh poem on the county of Carmarthen, its towns, etc., observations on statements in the first few pages of [Edward] Jones: [Musical and Poetical Relicks of the Welsh] Bards . . ., 2nd ed. [1794], and further notes on 'bandy playing' (some of these on the blank versos and margins of printed proposals for publishing Edward Williams's volume of English verse Poems Lyric and Pastoral in 1792, and his Cyfrinach Beirdd Ynys Prydain in 1821); 253-4, the words and music of a 'Catch written for the Pine Apple Catch club in Bristol . . . by [Thomas] Chatterton, father of Thomas Chatterton, the poet'; 256-7, a copy of a letter in Welsh from Rhys Morgan from Pencraig nedd [co. Glamorgan], to [ ], 1751 (praise for recipient's poems, the continuance of the Welsh bardic tradition in Glamorgan, the state of the Welsh language in the county, its use in church services, the failure of the county of Monmouth to produce Welsh poets) (for the text of this letter with the opinion that it is a forgery to be attributed to Edward Williams himself see TLLM, tt. 260-61; see also ibid., tt. 101-02, and IM, tt.77-8, 274); 258-61, a copy of an eight-stanza 'Song for the Glamorgan Volunteers' by Edward Williams, with preface and notes on some of the proper names in the text; 262-73, notes on early Welsh literature, the extant manuscript sources thereof, the authenticity of the material in these manuscripts, etc., written on the verso and in the margins of copies of a printed handbill containing proposals, 1793, for publishing The Celtic Remains (vol. I by Lewis Morris, vol. II by Walter Davies), and of a printed handbill announcing an 'eisteddfod' to be held at Caerwys [co. Flint] in 1798 under the patronage of the Gwyneddigion Society (some of this material appears to be a draft version of sections of the essay 'A Short Review of the Present State of Welsh Manuscripts' which forms the preface to The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales . . ., vol. I, (London, 1801)) (continued)

278-9, notes headed 'Llyma'r Ddosparth a wnaeth y Brenin Arthur ar achoedd a'r Cof a'r cadw arnynt ac ar fonedd Cenedl y Cymry a'u Breiniau'; 279, anecdotes relating to Gruffydd ap Llywelyn ap Seisyllt and opposition to his claim to the principality of Powys circa 1040, and a convention held at Henffordd ( Hereford) in connection therewith when matters relating to the genealogy and rights and privileges of the Welsh nobility, etc., were discussed and ? an agreed code was drawn up, and notes on the duties of the Welsh bards with regard to genealogy and heraldry; 280-85, notes relating to the Welsh bardic order and Welsh musicians including notes with the superscription 'Llyma hen Ystatut Cadair Tir Iarll fal a'i trefnwyd yn amser yr Arglwydd Clâr diweddaf . . .'; 286-9, miscellanea including notes on the meaning of the expressions 'Mab aillt' and 'Mab aillt beirdd', notes on the loss of a manuscript copy of the statutes of Grulfudd ap Cynan from the Ashmolean Museum [Oxford] and of a Welsh translation of the works of Aristotle by John David Rhys from the library of Jesus College [Oxford], a comment on Jesus College, and brief notes on the Welsh strict poetic metres; 295, a copy of an 'englyn' attributed to Dafydd ap Edmund; 303, notes on the relationship between the vocabulary of a language and the cultural and technical attainments of the speakers of the language; 305, a copy of an 'englyn' attributed to D[afydd ap] G[wilym]; 306-07, an incomplete transcript of a Welsh poem entitled 'Cynghorion Tad i'w Fab' attributed to Henry Evans 'o'r Gelli Gaer ym Morganwg'; 308-09, a transcript of twenty- two stanzas of Welsh verse entitled 'Englynion Marchwiail' and attributed to Mab claf ab Llywarch; 314, ? an extract re the Latin language from a letter from R. Flaherty to E[dward] Llwyd; 315, a note on Llywelyn Siôn, the Glamorgan scribe [late sixteenth cent.], a note on the possible origin of the 'coelbren' and 'coelfain' amongst the Welsh bards, and a transcript of four 'englynion' ? attributed to Rhys Brydydd; 316, a list of the descendants of Caw o Brydyn, a list of the achievements of the Stradling family ('Gweithredoedd y Stradlingiaid'), a note on Mauritius Morganensis, poet and rhetorician, a copy of an 'englyn' written by Prince Llywelyn ab Gruffudd after the battle of Aberconwy, a list of 'Saith Brif Glaswrdai Ynys Prydain', and a note on the castles of the kings of Morganwg; 317, notes relating to Caerfilly castle [co. Glamorgan] and to Sir Gilbert Stradling (temp. Richard I) and the origin of the Knights of the Garter; 317 + 322, notes on Sir Edward Stradling and his connection with Dr. John David Rhys and Dr. Thomas Lleison; 320, a note on the teaching activities of Glamorgan bards circa 1700, and ? a list of bards at an eisteddfod held at Llandaf in 1564; 320, 328, 329, 334-5 343, 363, 392, lists of Welsh proverbs, popular sayings, etc.; 322-7, notes on Welsh poetic metres, bardic meetings, and the tradition re the original home of the Ancient Britons (Deffrobani); 330-33, brief biographical notes on a number of Welsh bards (medieval- eighteenth cent.); 333, notes headed 'Gosgorddiadau'r ser ydynt fal hynn'; 335, a copy of six stanzas of Welsh verse entitled 'Pennillion Morganwg'; 337, lists of Welsh names for the months of the year (see John Williams: Barddas . . ., vol. I, pp. 410-17); 339, a copy of an 'englyn' attributed to Wm. Cynwal; 357, notes on an oak tree at Cefn Mabli, co. Glamorgan; 360, notes on an 'eisteddfod' held at Y Pil [co. Glamorgan], circa 1740, a brief list of Welsh triads, and a list of troubadours and Welsh poets, ob. 1122-1300; 361, notes on Dafydd ap Gwilym and the 'cywydd' measure, Dafydd o'r Llwyn, an 'eisteddfod' held at Nant Conwy [co. Caernarvon], 1 Edward IV, and the confusion concerning the date of the 'eisteddfod' held at Carmarthen, 1451 or 1461; 362, a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Samuel Jones 'o Fryn Llywarch'; 363, a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Thos. Llywelyn 'o Regoes' and a few Welsh triads; 370, a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Thos. Lln.; 371, a copy of an elegy in Welsh with the superscription 'Carmen Britanicum on the Death of Queen Caroline per Ned Edwards of Talgarth . . .', and a note on a copy of 'Dr. Gr. Roberts Grammar printed in Italy, A.D. 1567, in the hands of Mr. E. Evans. . .'; 381, a version of the Lord's Prayer (Welsh) in verse, and transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Rhys Cain and ?D. o'r Nant; 387, a brief note on the building of Landaff Bridge and Rumney Bridge in the seventeenth century; 388, historical notes relating to Carfilly Castle; 390, transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Huw Llyn, Wm Llyn, Siôn Tudur, and Dr. Morgan, Esgob Llandaf; 391, miscellaneous Welsh triads; 393, seventeen maxims headed 'Llyma ymadroddion Barddas o Lyfr Ieuan ab Hywel Swrdwal' (see John Williams: Barddas . . ., vol. I, pp- 270-75; 394, miscellaneous Welsh triads; 395, 'Gwyddor Dewiniaeth Gildas Broffwyd' (see Iolo Manuscripts . . ., pp. 195-6, 608-09); 396-7, miscellaneous notes on bardism, a few Welsh triads, and transcripts of ? two 'englynion' attributed to Siôn Tudur; 401, transcripts of two 'englynion' attributed to ? y Capten Middelton and Morys Cyffin; 405, an extract from a letter from Captain Wm. Myddelton to his nephew, and transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to D. Ddu Eryri and D. Davies, Castell Hywel; 460-09, a Latin-English list of rare plants to be found in various English counties; 410-12, extracts from the English version of [William] Camden ['s Britannia]; 416-19, notes on the Welsh bardic order headed 'Llyma Llafar Gorsedd Beirdd Ynys Prydain Ile gellir gweled Breiniau a Defodau Beirdd Ynys Prydain . . .' (see John Williams: Barddas . . ., vol. II, pp. 10-23); 422-67, miscellaneous notes in English on British or Welsh bardism, its organisation, ceremonial, connection with druidism and the Christian religion, etc. (there is considerable repetition in these notes, they possibly represent several drafts of parts of an essay on the subject of bardism); 468-70, a transcript of the title-page, advertisement, and part of the introduction to Charles Wilkins: The Bhagvat-Geeta . . . (London, 1785); and 472-3, extracts from [Edward] Jones: [Musical and Poetical Relicks of the Welsh] Bards . . ., 2nd ed. [London, 1794], pp. 83-4. Also included, pp. 278-470, are lists of Welsh words sometimes with English definitions and/or illustrative excerpts from the works of Welsh poets, notes on Welsh words or elements in Welsh words, etymological and philological notes on the Welsh language, notes on Welsh grammar, extracts of varying length (one line, 'cywydd' couplets, etc.) from the works of Welsh poets, and a multitude of miscellaneous items of historical, literary, or bardic significance.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers containing notes, transcripts, extracts, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together into one volume. The contents include pp. 1-16, extracts from the works of various Welsh bards under the superscription 'Bardic allusions to ancient usages, institutions, ideas, &c.'; 16, a list of the seven attributes of God ('Saith Angheneddyl Duw'); 16-17, a group of eight Welsh triads attributed to Syr Wiliam Herbert of Raglan; 18-19, a brief note on the Irish in Anglesey and North Wales; 19-20, Biblical allusions to the practice of writing on wood; 22-3, further extracts from the works of Welsh poets similar to those on pp. 1-16; 25, Welsh triads; 26, a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Evan Evans y Prydydd Hir; 27, three stanzas of a Welsh poem headed 'Pennillion Iolo Morganwg'; 34-5, a list of thirty-six 'Southwalian Gogynfeirdd'; 35, a brief note on Gruffudd ap Cynan's introduction of 'Scaldic Literature', etc., into Wales; 36-7, notes on the use of the 'englyn milwr' measure by 'Southwalian Bards', and on the meaning of the word 'anaw' and of the element 'chwyfan' in the name of the Flintshire antiquity 'Maen chwyfan'; 38-9, a list of 'Writers on the Art of Poetry now Extant' in South Wales and N[orth] Wales; 41, a query relating to 'the Caerwys Bards or Eisteddfod'; 41, a note on the Welsh bards' refusal to introduce fiction into poetry; 42-4, notes headed 'On Coelbren y Beirdd'; 45-50, notes headed 'Bards of the 11th to the 13th centuries' stressing the impact on Welsh poetry of the Scandinavian Scaldic influence introduced via the court of Gruffudd ap Cynan; 51-9, notes headed 'Bards of the 15th Century in S[outh] Wales' dealing mainly with the influence of Norman and Provencal poetry on the twelfth century Welsh poet Rhys Goch ap Rhys ap Rhiccart and other Welsh bards via the courts of the Norman lords in Glamorgan, its continuance in the work of Dafydd ap Gwilym, etc.; 60-73, notes headed 'Modern Poetry of North Wales' containing general, mainly derogatory comments on North Wales poetry from the seventeenth century onwards with references to Lewys Morris, Edward Morris, Hugh Moris, Rice Jones of Blaenau, Goronwy Owain, and other poets, the practice of borrowing or imitating metres from English songs and ballads, the results of the literary competitions inaugurated by the Gwyneddigion Society, etc.; 74-92 notes headed 'Modern South Walian Poetry' dealing mainly with the 'song writing' or 'popular poetry' tradition in South Wales as contrasted with North Wales; 93-6, notes relating largely to the tale called 'Cyfarwyddyd Einiawn ap Gwalchmai a Rhiain y Glasgoed'; 97-102, miscellanea headed 'Mân bethau perthynas (sic) i'r Beirdd a Barddoniaeth'; (continued)

104-08, notes relating to the society commonly known as 'Gwyr Cwm y Felin' which existed at Cwm y Felin in Betws Tir Iarll [co. Glamorgan], with references to its connection with the druidical and bardic tradition and its association with Lollardy in the past and Unitarianism in the present (see NLW MS 13121B above); 109, a transcript of three stanzas of Welsh verse headed 'Myned yn y maen. To take the chair. . .'; 110, notes on a theory that there were two poets called Dafydd Nanmor, the one a grandson of the other; 121, a list of seven rules headed 'Some Rules of Welsh versification'; 122, a 'scheme' or chapter headings for a 'History of the Bards'; 123-46, a short essay or article on the 'History of the Welsh Language' containing observations on the three main dialects, viz. Silurian, Demetian, and Venedotian, their use in Welsh literature, etc.; 147-9, lists of early bishops of Llandaf and of the bishops of Wales before the time of Garmon ('Escobion Cymru Cynog Amser Garmon'), and notes on the meaning of the words 'cor' and 'bangor'; 151-3, a pedigree of the ? Williams family of Aberpergwm; 163-88, notes and extracts relating to the manufacture of beet sugar, the cultivation of trees and potatoes, the making of varnishes, wines, etc., and medicinal recipes; 201-02, a note headed 'Bards secret and gripe'; 203, a list headed 'Proverbial and idiomatic expressions in Glamorgan'; 215-18, transcripts of miscellaneous Welsh verse including two 'englynion tawddgyrch cadwynog' attributed to Edward Evan 'o Aberdar' and Lewys Hopcin of the parish of Llandyfodwg [co. Glamorgan], an 'englyn' attributed to Siôn Tudur, and six stanzas headed 'Y Credadyn ar farw idd ei enaid' being reputedly a translation from Pope's ode entitled 'The dying Christian to his soul', and extracts from 'cywyddau' attributed to Edmund Prys; 228, notes headed 'Gwehelyth y Simwniaid'; 229, a note on madness in dogs; 240-41, a list of Welsh names of fruits; 247-53, extracts from The Monthly Review, 1790, vol. I, including a transcript of 'Robinson's Elegy on leaving Westminster College'; 278, a note referring to the tradition relating to the alleged Trojan colonization of Italy; 285-6, a ? draft of proposals for publishing a Welsh religious and literary journal to be called 'Goleugrawn Deheubarth Cymry', publication to be annually or quarterly, the first number to appear towards the beginning of 1817; 303- 05, an extract relating to 'healing wounded trees'; 310-11, notes on a proposed 'water wheel at ye present forge [at Kevan] . . ., 29 Jan. 1787'; 315-16, a horticultural note and a medicinal recipe; and 321-7, transcripts of three 'cywyddau' ? attributed to Dafydd ap Gwilym. Also found on various pages are groups or lists of Welsh words, miscellaneous Welsh triads, and other miscellaneous items. Some of the notes have been written on the blank verso or in the margins of copies of printed leaflets advertising 'Sea Bathing' and 'Genteel Lodgings' at the Ball, Swanbridge, seven miles from Cardiff, the wares of Tucketts and Fletcher, grocers and tea dealers, Bristol, and the wares of E. M. Downing at his 'Grand Musical Repository', Bristol, and a printed copy of 'An Elegy on the late Reverend John Wesley'.

'Iolo Morganwg'.

Miscellanea,

Miscellaneous papers and booklets or note-books containing notes, lists, transcripts, etc., in the hand of Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') bound together in one volume. The contents include, pagination in brackets, a list of one hundred and sixty-one items headed 'Welsh MSS. in the Possession of E[dward] Williams ['Iolo Morganwg']. Transcripts' (1-13); a list of thirty-one items headed 'Hen Ysgriflyfrau' being apparently manuscript volumes in the aforementioned Edward Williams’'s possession (15-16; many of these items can be identified amongst the Llanover manuscripts now being described); a list of titles of ? 'cywyddau' with numbers, poets' names, and page references headed 'MS. at Revd. Mr. Peter Williams', etc. (17-19); a list of the titles and / or first lines of forty-four 'cywyddau' and 'awdlau' under the name H[ywel ap] D[afydd ap] I[euan ap] Rhys and of two 'awdlau' under the name Gwilym Tew with page references, these corresponding to the pagination of transcripts of poems with the same titles or first lines by these poets (excepting one by Bedo Brwynllys to the said Hywel Dafydd) in Cwrt Mawr MS 12 in the National Library of Wales (20-24); a list of the titles of ? 'cywyddau' with the poets' names or initials and page references headed 'D[afydd] Dd[u] Eryn Broad Folio' (25-6); a list of the titles of 'cywyddau' and 'awdlau' headed 'Long vol. folio Piser Hir' with the poets' names or initials and page references the latter corresponding to the pagination of transcripts of poems with the same titles by the said poets in the manuscript known as Y Piser Hir now NLW Deposited MS 55 (27-30); a brief note referring to 'A Book with D.T. containing a large collection of Gronwy Owain's Letters . . .', etc. (31); extracts from poems attributed to R[hys] G[och] Eryri, Gruff. ap Daf. ap Einion Lygliw, L[ewis] G[lyn] Cothi, Iolo Goch, and B[edo] Brwynllys, (41-4); (41-4); a sequence of entries consisting of titles of Welsh poems, mainly 'cywyddau', with or without the name of the poet, first lines of, or extracts from, such poems, attributions only of poems, brief data re a poem or a poet, brief comments relating to a poem such as 'good, to be copied', 'to be copied, important', often without the name of the poem or poet, etc., these entries being accompanied by page references and these obviously referring to the pagination of the Welsh Charity School MS which is now British Museum Add. MS 14866 (44-58); further extracts from, or references to, items in ? the Welsh Charity School MSS now in the British Museum including transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Wm. Cynwal, D. ab Edmund, and Tywysog Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (58-60, 69); a brief note relating to court officials in [medieval] Gwynedd, Pywys, and Deheubarth (71); an incomplete note re a linear measure called 'Mesur Llath Fleddyn' (72); a survey of Welsh bardism from the time of the Emperor Arthur to the seventeenth century attributed to Edward Dafydd referring to, inter alia, the measures taken by the Emperor Arthur to restore the bardic system, the 'eisteddfodau' of Gruffudd ab Cynan, the 'eisteddfod' at Caerfyrddin in 1452 and the twenty- four strict-metre system adopted there, 'eisteddfodau' held at Yr Adur and Aberpergwm in the time of Iorwerth Fynglwyd and at Abertawy in the time of Lewys Morganwg, a volume on the allegedly truly traditional poetic metres compiled by Lewys Morganwg and volumes by Meuryg Dafydd and Dafydd Benwyn on the same theme, an 'eisteddfod' at 'Castell Caer Dydd' convened by Sir William Herbert where Llywelyn Siôn was chief adjudicator, the condemning of the Carmarthen system of strict metres and the authorising of an alternate, truer system [the Glamorgan system] at this 'eisteddfod', a volume by Llywelyn Siôn containing an account of this system, and the writer [i.e. Edward Dafydd]'s intention of publishing this account and other bardic material in a printed volume (73-82; see the foreword in Cyfrinach Beirdd Ynys Prydain attributed to the said Edward Dafydd, and for a comment on the whole matter see TLLM, t. 91); (continued)

Notes on Welsh poetic metres headed 'Llyma son am y mesurau Cerdd Dafawd ag fal au gwellhawyd o amser i amser ag o beth i beth ag o farn i farn' (82-8); an incomplete ? draft of an undated letter from . . . to . . . containing observations on a book (? in two parts or volumes entitled 'Oes Ymbwyll' and 'Oes y Pwyll') by recipient concerning revealed religion (89-104); a list of words, phrases, etc., headed 'Allusions to Coelbren y Beirdd in D.G. and to other arts and sciences' with page references to the said allusions [these, by inference, being extracted from the collection of Dafydd ap Gwilym's poems published by Owen Jones and William Owen in 1789 under the title Barddoniaeth Dafydd ab Gwilym] (105-07); miscellaneous notes relating to bardic matters such as the nature or attributes of 'cerdd gadair', 'cerdd arwest', 'cerdd dant', 'arwyddfardd', and 'cerdd deuluaidd' (113-25); notes relating to the contribution of Talhaiarn Fardd, Ystudfach Fardd, Ceraint Fardd Glas, Taliesin Ben Beirdd, Rhys Goch ap Rhiccart, Casnodyn Fardd, Dafydd ap Gwilym, Ieuan fawr ap y diwlith, and Llesoed Fardd to the Welsh metric system (126-17); copies of memorial inscriptions including seventeenth century inscriptions relating to members of the Powell family in the churchyard at Llangynwyd [co. Glamorgan] (128); brief notes referring to the expressions 'Hu ynys' and 'Gwyr Hu', and to Hu Gadarn and early mythological bards of Britain (133); notes relating to 'cynghanedd unodl', 'cynghanedd gytsain', and 'corfannau' (138-9); transcripts of 'englynion' attributed to Rhisiart Iorwerth, Rhys Meigen, and Wm. Llyn (140 ); a brief note relating to a poetic metre known as 'toddaid Taliesin' with transcripts of two Latin stanzas in 'englyn' form attributed to D.N. and ? Samuel Jones 'o Fryn Llywarch' (141-2); notes relating to the decline of knowledge concerning the old Welsh bardic order in Gwynedd in the late middle ages, literary patronage in Morgannwg during the post Norman conquest period, poetic composition ? in relation to the 'pedair ansawdd ar hugain Cadair Morganwg', and 'Y Bardd Glas Ceraint' (143-7); an extract from a 'cywydd' attributed to Rhys Goch Eryri, a note on the words 'clws' and 'tlws' and the use of the first for the second with a transcript of an 'englyn' attributed to Hugh Jones 'o Langwm' to illustrate this usage, and three Welsh triads (148-51); lists or groups of Welsh words sometimes with English definitions and / or illustrative excerpts from Welsh verse (152-3, 155, 164, 172-3, 200, 203, 210, 335, 337, 341, 343-6, 348, 350, 353-4 356, 360); a number of 'Quotations in exemplifications of the sense or meaning of [specific Welsh] words' (165, 168-9); a list of eleven questions, ?forming a questionnaire, relating to the Welsh language, its major dialects, local words and idioms, the possible possession of ? old Welsh manuscripts ('hen ysgrifeniadau') by the person questioned or acquaintances, etc. (174-5); brief notes relating to Siôn Rhydderch and Lewis Morris (179); transcripts of stanzas of Welsh verse attributed to Gwalchmai and Elidir Sais (189-92); notes headed 'Silurian Contractions' (197); a group of Welsh words illustrating the use of de- in Sil[urian] where dy- would be used in N[orth] W[ales] as the first syllable (198); a note on the two sounds of the symbol Y in the Welsh alphabet (199); a list of kings of the British, 481-683, and of Plantagenet and Yorkist kings of England, 1307-1483 (201); notes deriving the Latin word bellum from a Celtic word bel signifying war and referring to the cognate element -fel in Welsh words (204 + 209); a list of the kings of England, 1272-1558 (212 ); an incomplete author index to Sion Rhydderch's edition of [Thomas Jones :] Llyfr Carolau [a Dyriau Duwiol], 1745 (249); brief notes, sometimes merely dates, relating to Rowland Vaughan 'o Gaer Gai', Richard Huws, Wmffre Dafydd ab Ifan, Syr Lewys ab Hugh 'o Fochnant', Edmund Prys, Huw Morys, and Rhys Pritchard (250-5I); an extract from the Gentleman's Magazine, 1809, relating to the Mears family (253-4); (continued)

Comments reflecting the writer's attitude towards the ? introduction of an artificial regularity into the Welsh language (257-9); a very brief note on Ty Newydd, Y Fotffordd [Watford, co. Glamorgan], [Nonconformist] meeting house, and an anecdote relating to Sir Wm. Lewys of Gilfach fargod and ? a conventicle being held in the parish of Gelli Gaer [co. Glamorgan], temp. Charles II or James II (274); dates of the deaths of David Jenkins of Hensol [co. Glamorgan], judge, and his son and grandson (278); miscellaneous extracts from, or references to, various printed works (279- 81); data relating to the Kemis family of Cefn Mabli, Llanblethian, and Newport [cos. Glamorgan and Monmouth] (291, 293-4, 298); notes headed 'Peculiarities of the Dimetian Dialect' (301-03); a brief note relating to incursions into the Isle of Man and Anglesey, A.D. 431, transcripts of stanzas of Welsh verse attributed to R[hys] Goch ab Rhiccert and Taliesin, copies of two versions of an 'englyn' by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg', two Welsh triads, a list of six 'Books at Wm. Morris, 1783', a list of four 'Reasons for supposing that the South Wales Poets imitated the Troubadours', etc. (317-21); a list of twenty-four topics or subject or chapter headings with the superscription 'Hints for a Tour in Wales' (322 + 327); data relating to Thomas ap Evan ap Rhys, 16th cent. poet (324-5, 323 ); a transcript of six stanzas of Welsh religious verse (328); a list of Welsh proverbial expressions, etc. (331, 358); a list of Welsh expressions incorporating the name of God headed 'Traces of Ancient Welsh Piety' (333); and a four-line stanza of Welsh verse by [Edward Williams] 'Iolo Morganwg' (359). Pp. 213-48, which formerly formed a separate booklet, contain miscellaneous notes, extracts, memoranda, etc., including extracts from Welsh poems attributed to Robin Ddu, Cynddelw, Pryd[ydd] y Moch, Hywel ap Iolyn, W[illia]m Cynwal, Ed[mwnd] Prys, Daf. Goch, Inco Brydydd, Rhys Nanmor, Math. ap Lln. Goch, Ieuan Du'r Bilwg, Gruff. ab Mared., Siôn Ceri, L[ewis] G[lyn] Cothi, Lln. Fardd, Iolo Goch, Gruff. Grug, and R[hys] G[och] Eryri; comments on the need for a better grammar of the Welsh language which, inter alia, would pay attention to 'dialectical peculiarities'; a list of seven topics or subject or chapter headings for 'Historical Dissertations on the Ancient British Bards and Druids, etc.'; chronological computations concerning the possibility of a certain Dafydd Jones, a native of Cardigan, having seen, circa 1530 or 1540, an elderly woman who remembered another elderly woman who had seen D[afydd] ab Gwilym; groups of, or notes on, Welsh words; etc. Notes in two instances have been written on the verso and margins of a printed circular announcing the printing of Edward Williams's two volumes of English poems entitled Poems Lyric and Pastoral (202 + 211) and of a printed copy of the resolutions of a meeting of gentlemen and woolgrowers of the county of Glamorgan held at Cowbridge, 16 April 1806, when it was resolved to establish a wool fair for the said county to be held at Cowbridge in July (unnumbered pages between p. 317 and p. 318 and p.319 and p. 320).

'Iolo Morganwg'.

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